Implementation of a Voucher System for Document Delivery of

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					 Implementation of a Voucher
System for Document Delivery
of Electronic Journal Articles
      to Physics Faculty
         Researchers
            at the
      University of Utah




      J. Willard Marriott Library
          University of Utah
          Salt Lake City, UT
• Maria Hunt, Collections Manager
• April Love, Science & Engineering
• Daureen Nesdill, Interim Head, Science &
  Engineering Barbara Cox, Interim Head,
  Collections Development




                                             1
    Physicists’ Research Patterns
• Predominant reliance on preprints
  – Los Alamos National Laboratory preprint
    server http://lanl.arxiv.org/
• Secondary use of journal articles
  – Physicists check the final published version of
     articles to verify information from preprints




         Solution for Expensive
             Subscriptions
• Expensive Subscriptions
• High Cost per Use at the Marriott Library
  – Nuclear Physics A & B plus supplement published by
    Elsevier, available via ScienceDirect
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/
         – Annual cost for whole package = $25,242.00
         – Nuclear Physics A - 2100 uses = $6.01 per use
         – Nuclear Physics B – 3 uses = $4,207 per use
         – Nuclear Physics B Supplement – 6 uses
           = $2,104 per use




                                                           2
     ScienceDirect Pay per View
    Individual Article Purchase Options
  – The price per article for Elsevier journals is
    $30.
  – Pricing for third party journals (e.g. Academic
    Press) available on ScienceDirect is set by
    the publisher.
  – Note: There is no pay-per-view access for
    ScienceDirect reference works, handbooks or
    book series.




   Considerations for this Project
• That a subsidized voucher system such as
  that provided by ScienceDirect would be
  one possible method for the Marriott
  Library to stretch the serials subscription
  budget while increasing service to faculty.
• At least three meetings were held with
  Physics faculty to include them in our
  plans.




                                                      3
      Description of Our System
• The ScienceDirect Pay-per-View service
  includes access to all titles, including
  backfiles, in ScienceDirect whether the
  library has a subscription or not.
• This voucher system for pay-per-view
  access to research articles permits the
  Physics faculty to rapidly obtain the
  information they need 24/7.




         Marriott Library Study
The librarians in Science & Engineering and
 Collection Development at the University
 of Utah initiated a study:
  – Is it more cost effective for the Marriott Library
    to subsidize Physics faculty downloading full
    text articles from ScienceDirect on a “Pay per
    View” basis at $30.00 per article?




                                                         4
                     Initial Implementation
• Initially, Physics Department’s
  administrative assistant had the only
  password and username.
• Additional passwords and usernames
  were passed out to full time Physics
  faculty in January and February 2006.
• Some Physics faculty have preferred to
  have the administrative assistant continue
  to obtain articles.




              Journal Titles Downloaded
• Astroparticle Physics = 1 [@ Utah]     • Journal of Magnetic
• Chemical Physics Letters = 11            Resonance = 1 [@ Utah]
   [@ Utah]
                                         • Journal of Non-Crystalline
• Diamond & Related Materials              Solids = 29 [@ Utah, cancelled 1998]
  =1                                     • Journal of Photochemistry &
• Energy & Buildings = 1 [@ Utah,          Photobiology A: Chemistry = 1
   cancelled 1999]                          [@ Utah, cancelled 2005]
• Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf             • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  Science = 1                              = 1 [@ Utah, cancelled 2000]
• Icarus = 17 [@ Utah, cancelled 1991]   • Nuclear Physics B = 8 [@ Utah]
• III-Vs Review = 1                      • Optics & Laser Technology = 1
                                            [@ Utah, cancelled 2005]
• Journal of Crystal Growth = 3
   [@ Utah]

• Journal of Luminescence = 1
   [@ Utah, cancelled 2005]




                                                                                  5
                  Journal Downloads--pt. 1
            30



            25



            20



            15



            10



             5



             0
                  Ast Che Dia Ene Est      III- Infr  J        J    J   J    J  Mag Nuc Opt
                                      Icar
                  Phy m   m    r  uC       Vs    P   Cry      Lu   Mag Non- Pho Res Phy Las
                                       us
                   s  Phy Rel Bld  S       Rev Tec s Gr       m    Res Cry t A  Im s B Tec

   3-D Column 1    1   11   1   1   1   17    1    1     3     1    1    29       1   1   8   1




          Journal Titles Downloaded
                                    Continued
• Physica A: Statistical                          • Physics Letters A = 3 [@ Utah]
  Mechanics and its                               • Physics Letters B = 6 [@ Utah]
  applications = 1 [@ Utah]                       • Progress in Nuclear
• Physica B: Condensed                              Magnetic Resonance
  Matter = 1 [@ Utah]                               Spectroscopy = 1
• Physica C:                                           [@ Utah, cancelled 1984]

  Superconductivity = 1                  [@       • Solid State
  Utah]
                                                    Communications = 1[@ Utah]
• Physica E: Low-                                 • Surface Science = 1[@ Utah]
  dimensional Systems and
  Nanostructures = 7 [@ Utah]                     • Synthetic Metals = 1[@ Utah]
                                                  • Tectonophysics = 1
                                                       [@ Utah, cancelled 2003]




                                                                                                  6
                      Journal Downloads – pt. 2
                    7



                    6



                    5



                    4



                    3



                    2



                    1



                    0
                          Phy Phy Phy Phy Phy Phy Pro                          Sol Sur               Te
                                                                                       Syn
                          sic sic sic sic  s    s    g                         St   f                cto
                                                                                       Met
                          a A a B a C a E Lett Lett Nu                         Co Sci                no

  3-D Column 1             1       1       1      7        3    6        1      1     1          1    1




Results: Pay-per-View Cost per Month
         600




         500




         400




         300




         200




         100




             0
                 Aug-05      Sep-05      Oct-05       Nov-05    Dec-05       Jan-06   Feb-06         Mar-06   Apr-06    May-06

                          Aug-05       Sep-05     Oct-05       Nov-05        Dec-05   Jan-06         Feb-06    Mar-06    Apr-06   May-06

Total Cost                 $120        $285       $255         $195           $30         $570        $480     $210       $330    $240




                                                                                                                                           7
        Preliminary Conclusions
• The ScienceDirect Pay-per-View system works
  well.
• The cost of subsidizing University of Utah
  Physics faculty for document delivery (so far a
  total of $2,715 for 10 months) is less than
  subscribing to some expensive journal titles.
• Concerns an unmonitored system could be
  abused seem to be unfounded.
• We plan on expanding this service to other
  departments, the first one being Materials
  Science & Engineering.




                                                    8