CBA project overview CBA Project Inception workshop 29 by ssh14851

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									CBA project overview
  CBA Project Inception workshop
    29th -30th September 2005,
        Bangkok Thailand
Background: Community-based Adaptation
(CBA) Project

2004
• GEF secretariat outlined the key elements of the
  Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA),
• In that outline, it indicated its intention to improve
  its own capacity and that of others to facilitate
  community-based adaptation (GEF/C.23/Inf.8/para 23).
2005
• CBA PDF B approved by GEF and the full sized
  project was pipelined.
• July 2005 implementation of PDF B activities
  started
• September 2005: Inception workshop
           Community-based
        Adaptation (CBA) Project
• The GEF Secretariat proposed that up to
  10% of the resources under SPA) be
  devoted to piloting community
  adaptation initiatives through the Small
  Grants Programme (in document GEF/C.23/Inf.8
  of April 28, 2004)
                  CBA Project

• The GEF CBA project is a collaboration between
  GEF Small Grants programme and UNDP GEF

• The goal is to pilot the community component of
  the GEF SPA, and provide the basis upon which
  the GEF and other stakeholders can effectively
  support small-scale adaptation activities.
             CBA Project outputs




Develop CBA project
design criteria                              Document and
                                             share lessons

                      Implement a
                      portfolio of between
                      80 to 200 CBA
                      projects in 10
                      countries
             CBA Objectives
(I)   Develop project design criteria including
      baseline, institutional frameworks, impact
      measurement criteria etc. (that spans the local to
      the intergovernmental levels to respond to unique
      community-based adaptation needs) (PDF B )

(ii) identify and finance diverse community-based
       adaptation projects in 10 countries (Full-size
       project pipelined)

(iii) capture and disseminate lessons learned at the
       community level to all stakeholders, including
       governments. (both PDF B and full project)
                     PDF B
• PDF-B’s goal is to develop the most effective
  project design & implementation criteria for
  community-based adaptation

• PDF-B countries: Niger, Bolivia, Samoa and
  Bangladesh. Full project will be in 10 countries.

• CBA will be implemented in both SGP and non-
  SGP countries
             CBA PDF B Project document

                  1                  2                           3
4                                                                                Pave to
                                                                                 achieving
                                                                                 the other 2
                                                       Institutional Framework   CBA
                                                                                 objectives

                                            M& E including baseline
                                            development




                         Project design criteria                                 Implement a portfolio of
                                                                                 between 80 to 200 CBA
                                                                                 projects in 10 countries



    Full Project Brief                                                            Document and share
                                                                                 lessons
     Criteria for Project Selection
• community-based projects will be:

  – selected based on a simple set of criteria
    (e.g., provision of global environmental
    benefits and responsiveness to local
    vulnerabilities to climate variability),

  – driven by existing GEF funding requirements,
    the priorities outlined in the GEF SPA, and
    country-driven priorities.
     Communities as the drivers
• Country drivenness is a key principle in
  CBA projects

• CBA project aims to establish a framework
  through which communities can participate
  in the implementation of the national
  adaptation process in such a way that it
  responds to local needs.
         GEF SPA criteria of projects
• GEF operational guidelines on adaptation will be
  implemented according to each country’s specific
  conditions, as expressed in their National
  Communications, ongoing work on NAPAs, and/or
  national and local consultations on adaptation.

• CBA projects Activities will be on discrete geographic
  regions – e.g., ecosystems, landscapes, watersheds – to
  ensure synergies among projects and more measurable
  impacts, but also to identify policy lessons.
      Community-based adaptation
              strategy
• An APF-guided Community-based
  Adaptation Strategy (CBAS) will be
  developed, based on the experiences of
  SGP Country Program Strategy
  development, as a means of guiding
  stakeholder analysis and identification of
  “community-based” adaptation priorities.
Applying APF process in a CBA project design and approval process

         Community - NGO level                      NGO - NSC level


                                Activity:
                                Identification of                      Activity:
      Activity                  community-                             Approval/
      Participatory             based climate                          rejection
                                                    Activity:
      assessment of             vulnerabilities                        -----------
                                                    Screening
      vulnerability (e.g.,      (e.g., natural                         Final output
                                                    using GEF
      of community              resources,          adaptation         Approved and
      assets, livelihood        livelihood                             funded CBA
                                                    guidelines
      activities and            activities) and                        projects
                                                    and new
      institutional             effective coping
                                                    criterion
      contexts)                 strategies
      -----------------------   -------
                                                    ----------------
      Output                    Output
                                                    Output
      Assmt of comm.            CBA project
                                                    Potential
      vulnerability,            concepts
                                                    CBA projects
      coping and
      adaptive capacity
   Criteria for project screening
• CBA projects will be screened at the country level by a
  National Committee on the basis of:
   – Climatic vulnerability and development criteria i.e., the
     project’s potential to respond to identified community
     vulnerabilities. The proposal should explicitly identify
     “community-based” climate vulnerabilities (e.g., natural
     resources, livelihood activities) and effective coping strategies.
   – GEB criteria i.e., the project’s potential to respond to specific
     Operational Program criteria under one (or more) of the GEF
     Focal Areas (e.g., climate change, biodiversity, land degradation,
     international waters). The proposal must produce global
     environmental benefits in a relevant GEF Focal Area, SP and
     OP.
   – Cross-scale policy criteria i.e., the potential to generate
     knowledge and lessons for up scaling and replication
   – Others – country programs may wish to add additional priorities
        Establishing the context of CBA project design and
        approval with the community
                                                                  Basis for
             Sensitivity of         Institutional                  project
             Current assets         context                        design
Natural resources,
    ecosystem
                                                             Community
                   Level of       Resilience and             Vulnerability
                 Vulnerability   adaptive capacity             Context




                                       Existing Coping
          Frequency and
                                       strategies/measures
          intensity of climate
          related events
          Examples of CBA

In general, CBA projects will fall into two broad
  categories aimed primarily at:
• increasing the adaptive capacity of a community
  or communities, often through ecosystem and
  natural resource management activities; and
• increasing the resilience of an ecosystem or
  natural resource, often involving measures to
  engage surrounding communities, and often
  indirectly building the coping capacity of
  dependent communities.
              CBA Full Project Focus




Implement a portfolio of
between 80 to 200 CBA
projects in 10 countries
                     Firm up project
                     design criteria &
                     consolidate new
                     lessons
                                          Document the
                                         experiences and share
                                         lessons as part of the
                                         GEF SPA piloting
         CBA final OUTPUTS
• CBA implementation framework, including
  project design criteria, new knowledge, capacity,
  partnerships and co-financing to respond to
  unique community-based adaptation needs

• Diverse CBA projects financed and
  implemented in a 10 countries

• Readily applicable new knowledge for more
  effective CBA programming and project support,
  as well as policy reform
Thank you for your attention

								
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