Fabric - DOC

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Fabric is the material used to make clothing. As one of the three elements of clothing,
fabric can not only interpret the style and features clothing and apparel directly about
the color, the shape of the performance results.

Big World in the clothing, the clothing fabric varied, with each passing day. Generally
speaking, however, high-quality, high-grade fabric, armed with comfortable,
absorbent, breathable, hanging straight, visual elegance, the aspects of soft touch

Production in the formal social occasions wearing the clothing, should choose cotton,
pure wool, pure silk, pure hemp products. To the four natural texture fabric clothes,
and most of high rank. Sometimes, wearing clothes made of pure leather, is also

We will shape the characteristics of different materials and fabrics in use in fashion
design brief is as follows.

1. Soft Fabric Soft Fabric generally more light, overhanging feeling good shape lines
smooth, natural contour stretch clothing. Soft-type fabrics include knitted fabric
structure, fabric and evacuation and soft thin silk fabric yarn fabrics. Soft knit fabric
often used in clothing design brief linear curve shapes reflect the body beautiful; silk,
linen and other fabrics are more common loose and pleated effect modeling, the
performance of the fluid lines of a sense of fabric.

2. Ting Ting Shuang Shuang Fabric Fabric lines clearly have a sense of body mass,
can form full of clothing outline. Common are cotton, polyester cotton fabrics,
corduroy, linen, and various type of thick wool and chemical fiber fabrics, such
fabrics can be used to highlight the accuracy of modeling the design of clothing, such
as suits, suit design.

3. Fabric Fabric shiny smooth surface gloss and to reflecting light, a shiny feeling.
Such fabrics include satin fabric structure. Most commonly used for evening dress or
suit in stage performances, to produce a strong dazzling visual effects. Gloss-type
fabric in the dress in the style show a wide degree of freedom, can have simple design
or more exaggerated style manner.

4. Fabric Fabric thick thick thick Tinggua, can produce a stable shape effects,
including various types of thick woolen cloth and quilted fabrics. The fabric has a
sense of physical expansion, not too much use of pleating and stacking, the design for
A-and H-shape is most appropriate.

5. Fabric Fabric transparent transparent thin and transparent texture with elegant and
mysterious artistic effect. Including cotton, silk, chemical fiber fabrics, such as
georgette, satin silk, lace and other chemical fiber. To express the fabric of the
transparency of the lines used natural fullness, changes in the H-rich and round table
design style.

Now, on the common characteristics of fabric are some brief.

1, Cotton

Is a general term for various types of cotton textiles. It is usually used to make fashion,
casual wear, underwear and shirts. It has the advantage of easy warm, soft close,
moisture absorption, ventilation is very good. Its disadvantage is easy to shrink,
wrinkle easily, and keeps its beautiful appearance is not in the dress must always

2, linen

Is cannabis, linen, ramie, jute, sisal, abaca and other fibers made of a hemp fabric.
Often used in casual wear, work wear, is also more common in the summer with its
production. Its advantage is high strength, moisture absorption, thermal conductivity,
air permeability is very good. Its disadvantage is that wear not very comfortable, the
appearance of rough, blunt.

3, silk

Is made of silk as the raw material of textile term for a variety of silk fabrics. With
cotton as its many varieties, different personality. It can be used to produce all kinds
of clothing, especially for women to make clothing. Its strength is thin, fit, soft,
smooth, breathable, colorful, shiny, elegant and comfortable. It is less prone to
wrinkles, easy to absorb body, not strong enough, faded fast.

4, woolen

Also known as wool, it is to use various types of wool, cashmere woven into the
fabric of the Pan said. It usually applies to the production of dresses, suits, coats and
other formal, high-end clothing. The advantage is wrinkle resistant, soft, elegant and
crisp, flexible, warm and strong. Its disadvantages are washing more difficult, is not
applicable to the production of summer.

5, leather

Is made through the tanning of animal fur fabric. It is more for the production of
fashion, winter clothes. Can be divided into two categories: First, leather, or leather
processed through to the hair. Second, fur, that is, treated skin, hair, leather. The
advantage is that light warm, elegant and poised. Its disadvantage is that expensive,
storage, care, higher, and it is not universal.

6, fiber

Is short for chemical fibers. It is used as raw materials made of polymer fiber textiles.
It is generally divided into two major categories of artificial fibers and synthetic fibers.
Their common advantage is colorful, soft, hanging straight, smooth comfort. Their
disadvantage is that wear resistance, heat resistance, moisture absorption, ventilation
is poor, easily deformed by heat, prone to static electricity. Although it can be used to
make clothing, but the overall grade is not high, it was difficult to something
presentable and acceptable.

7, blended

Is the natural fiber and chemical fiber in accordance with a certain proportion, mixed
textiles made of fabric, can be used to produce all kinds of clothing. Its strengths, is
not only absorbed the cotton, hemp, silk, wool and chemical fiber of their respective
advantages, but also as far as possible to avoid the shortcomings of their own, but
relatively low in value, so popular.

This chapter introduces the components of fabric that the nature, characteristics and
identification methods of knowledge.

Section fabric component identification

Easy identification of fabric components is combustion. Practice in the garment seam
edges of draws includes warp and weft thread of the fabric yarn, the use of fire to
ignite, observe the state of combustion flame, press fabric yarn burning smell in and
see the residue after burning, so as to judge marked on the label and clothing fabric
durability compatibility components, to identify the authenticity of material

1, cotton fiber and hemp fiber

Cotton fiber and hemp fiber is just near the flame that is burning, burning rapidly, the
flame yellow, take blue smoke. Both the smell of burning and ash after burning the
difference is that the issue of paper burning smell of cotton, linen smell burning issue
of the ash; burn, there is very little cotton powder ashes, were black or gray, Ma will
produce a small amount of white powder dust.

Second, hair fiber and silk

Gross case of fire, smoke, burning blisters, burning slowly, emitting a smell burning
hair, coke, ash after burning more than the shiny black spherical particles, finger
pressure is broken. Shrunk to group like silk in a fire, burning slowly, accompanied by
hiss, emitting a burning smell Mao fever, after burning a small spherical form
black-brown ash, twisted or broken hand.

3, nylon and polyester

Generic nylon polyamide fibers, huddled close to the flame that quickly melted into a
white gel, melted in the flames of burning dripping and blistering, burning without
flame, difficult to leave the flame burning, emitting a celery flavor, cool light brown
melt things difficult pestle. Generic polyester fiber, easy to ignite, the flame that is
close to melting shrinkage, melting side of black smoke when burned edges, yellow
flame, distributed aromatic odor, burning after the ashes are dark brown lumps with
your fingers to crush.

4, acrylic and polypropylene

Acrylic generic fiber, reduced melting softening near the fire, black smoke after the
fire, the flame was white, from the flames quickly burned, emitting a smell of burning
flesh of bitter, burnt to ashes after the irregular black lumps, friable hand twist .
Generic polypropylene fiber, near the flame is reduced melting, flammable, slow
burning and black smoke from the fire, flame top yellow, bottom of the blue, emitting
a smell of oil burning ashes after the round for the hard light brown particles, easy to
hand twist broken.

5, polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinyl chloride fiber

Generic PVA polyvinyl formal fibers, not ignite, melt near flame contraction of the
top a little flame burning until the fibers are melt into a gel flame bigger, there are
thick black smoke, distributed bitter incense smell, burning leaves black small
bead-like particles, can be crushed fingers. PVC polyvinyl chloride fiber generic fiber,
hard burning from the fire is put out the flame yellow, green bottom of white smoke,
distributed irritating pungent spicy sour, combustion ash brown to black irregular
lumps, hard finger crush.

6, Polyurethane and Teflon

Scientific name of polyurethane spandex fiber, near the fire burning edge melting,
burning blue flame, leaving the fire to melt fuel, emitting a pungent odor specific,
post-combustion ash was soft fluffy black and gray. Teflon PTFE fibers scientific
name, ISO organization called fluorite fiber, melt only near the flame, difficult
ignition, not combustion, the flame was blue-green edge carbide, melting and
decomposition, toxic gases, melt the hard round black beads. Teflon fiber in the textile
Fortunately, S Mi Ik garden party Bitis read Mao Qian molten ants off? BR>
7, viscose fiber and copper ammonium

Viscose fiber flammable, burning fast, flame yellow, distributed burning paper smell,
ashes, after burning a small, twisted band was smooth light gray or gray fine powder.
Copper ammonium common name tiger kapok fiber, near the flame that is burning,
burning speed, the flame was yellow, distribute ester sour, very little ash after burning,
only a small amount of gray and black ash.

Identification of pure wool fabric II

Pure wool fabric the color of soft, warm effect, is to produce high-grade fabric of
choice for suits and overcoats. But now more and more imitation wool, with the
increase in textile technology, has reached a level that most customers is difficult to
identify, but the color, warmth, feelings, etc. are far less than pure wool fabrics. Here
are several methods of identification of pure wool fabric for your clothing and fabrics
in the selection of the reference.

One hand touch feeling. Pure wool fabric usually feel silky, smooth hair hairy fabrics
feel silky touch, tingling against Mao. The blended or pure chemical fiber products,
and some less soft, some too soft and loose, and a sticky feeling.

2, see color. Pure wool fabric in the color of soft, bright without being old. In contrast,
blended or pure synthetic fabric, or shiny dark, or flash color sense.

Third, look at flexibility. Hand to defend the tight thing, and then immediately let go,
to see the fabric flexibility. Pure wool fabric rebound rate, rapid restitution, and
blending or chemical products, the wrinkle is poor, mostly leaving obvious traces of
folds, or recover slowly.

IV Identification of combustion. Take a bunch of yarn, with a fire, smells like burning
hair, wool fiber, chemical fiber fabrics smell l