American culture American culture ? 1) 【furnace】 (The Melting Pot) Another name for the United States. Because the United States from around the world is a integration of immigrants of different nationalities formed country. These immigrants spoke English like British English, as a strong Hierarchical and geographical diversity. They formed a similar habits and manners; difference between urban and rural residents are not as obvious as in other countries. Despite strong competition in American society, and there Racial discrimination, but from different ethnic groups in the assimilation of immigrants has shown considerable flexibility and inclusiveness. Thus, the formation of a new culture and a common overall national consciousness, so that the United States Become &quot;a multi-ethnic composition of the country.&quot; American life is based on the personal struggle, the spirit of self-regulation and competition above. 2) 【yuppies and non-Ya Shi】 Yuppie is an American based hip (Hippies) copy of a new word, meaning &quot;young urban professionals.&quot; Yuppie jobs that require higher education to qualified professional, such as lawyers, doctors, architects, computer programmers, business managers. Their annual salary is high. Yuppies are very successful career, smug, Shicaiaowu, Luxury living a life of luxury. And the hippies were different, yuppies were not decadent mood, do not care about political and social issues about money, the pursuit of a comfortable life. Ya Non-persons means &quot;the city failed young people.&quot; Although they feel that their lives can not be compared with the yuppie life, but not willing to have a sense of loss, and vowed to find their destination. 3) from Uncle Sam】 It&#39;s nickname and symbol of the United States. Uncle Sam&#39;s English as Uncle Sam, abbreviation US, just the same with the United States stands for. But how it&#39;s nickname and symbol of the United States for? Common argument is: In 1812, United States and Britain during the war, the United States Metro City has a special delivery to the beef business (and some say that the military orders of the officials) the name of Sam Er Weier Johnson (Samuel Wilson ,1776-1854), people usually call him Uncle Sam (Uncle Sam). U.S. government acquisition of the US beef boxes are built in the words. It then joked that the words of these boxes covered with US is Uncle Sam. Later, &quot;Uncle Sam&quot; became the nickname of the United States. 19, 30s, American painter sent the &quot;Uncle Sam&quot; painting into a left Hill Long, thin old goat beard, hat and pants are the stars and stripes of the flag. 4)】 【black friday &quot;Black&quot; is the word, the source of Jesus Martyrs Day (Good Friday). October 19, 1987, New York stock market crash of stock prices, because that day is Friday, it said the stock market&#39;s &quot;Black.&quot; October 19 New York stock market index generally declined substantially over the October 28, 1929 triggered the Great Depression stock crash records. This is opening day Soon, the tide appears to sell the stock, the New York stock market hit a record 604.3 billion shares of stock trading, making several big U.S. companies suffered heavy losses, the company listed in the 5000 value of the shares, the day will plummet the 500 billion U.S. dollars . Rapid decline in values and volumes around the world, large degree of financial market, causing great panic Western, the stock crash, was the first time in the world World War, the worst since the stock market once and also decreased the most dramatic Wall Street history, one. 5)】 【Motel Originated in the roadside motel independently operated small hotel with a parking lot. With the car in early 60&#39;s become the United States, Britain, Europe, the Caribbean and Japan, the main means of transport, the scale of these hotels are also expanding. General motel swimming pools, most rooms have TV. Into the 70&#39;s, a number of national governments to allow individuals to associate cars The name of the hotel, engaged in business alone. This requires less investment, you can get higher profits for the joint venture, thereby speeding up the motel industry. Particularly in North America than anywhere else in the motel. 6) The major U.S. newspapers】 【 Newspapers (Newspapers): (1) &quot;The New York Times&quot; (New York Times): 1851 Started in the United States the most influential one of the three major newspapers. Awake the center of Times Square in New York for Suzibeike (Sulzberger) family-owned. The paper basically reflects U.S. foreign policy and trends. Weekday circulation of 800,000 copies, each about 60 to 100, published Sunday, adding two supplements, a circulation of 1.4 million copies, each 300 pages or more. Readers are mainly American upper class, including capitalists, parliamentarians, government officials and intellectuals. (2) &quot;Washington Post&quot; (Washington Post): 1977 Started in the Washington, DC, is America&#39;s most influential one of the three major newspapers, is Graham (Graham) for all the family. Politically close to the Congress to support the Democratic Party, the popular attention to the Senate. It is the United States and abroad to feed more than 300 newspapers to the government published a number of &quot;insider&quot; known, daily circulation of 500,000 copies, Sunday edition of 70 million copies. (3) &quot;Los Angeles Times&quot; (Los Angeles Times): The newspaper of the American West&#39;s largest newspaper, the United States one of the most influential of the three major newspapers. Founded in 1881, with its preferred Republican Party, on behalf of the western view of the compelling interest groups. Circulation of 100 million. (4) &quot;Wall Street Journal&quot; (The Wall Street Journal): 1889, itemized financial news from the major U.S. publishing company Financial Group &quot;Dow Jones&quot; company (Dow Jones) published in the United States affecting national fiscal and financial expertise newspaper. A circulation of 1.4 million copies. (5) &quot;New York Daily News&quot; (Daily News): 1919 Started in, the United States with the largest circulation newspaper. 7)】 【Ivy League (the Ivy League) 8 refers to the eastern United States has a long history of elite universities. Its walls covered with ivy school, hence the name. This eight universities: 1764 was built in Rhode Island, Brown (Brown) University; 1754 was built in New York City, Colombia (Columbia) University; in 1769 the state built up to get the new Han Buer Plymouth (Dartmouth) University; 1865 was built in New York, Cornell (Cornell) University; 1636 built in Massachusetts, Harvard (Harvard) University; in 1740 was built in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania) University; 1746 Spring built in New Jersey Houston (PrinCETon) College; 1701 was built in Connecticut, Yale (Yale) University. 8) The current U.S. system of education 【】 (the Current American Education System) The current education system and the United Kingdom is similar to the American educational system can be divided into three main stages: primary, secondary and higher education. In primary education, a student may be subject to pre-school education (mainly the form of nursery school - nurseryschool and nursery - kindergarten). The main educational institutions of primary education at the primary (elementary or primary school). Five-year-old children into primary schools. America&#39;s primary four years, six years and eight system and so are several. Different education system from primary school out of high school students into different academic structure (four-year primary school graduates entering middle schools prior to study for four years, from re-entering high school) to accept moderate Education. Secondary education is completed in secondary schools. U.S. secondary schools have a four-year and six-year two. There are four-year general secondary schools (high school), vocational technical schools (Technical school) and a number of specialized secondary schools (special school, such as the Marine School, Automation School, etc.). There are two kinds of six-year secondary school. One is the junior secondary school (junior high school) and high school (senior high school) with separate secondary schools, both in the curriculum, curriculum and administrative arrangements such as the autonomy enjoyed independence; the other is six years the system has always been secondary schools, will be the beginning of high school as one, in terms of teaching and administrative implementation of unified management. In the U.S., public schools allowed to courses in religion, So there are some private Christian high school (actually a church of all), specialized training of priests. Completed mainly in Higher Education. Sub University College (university) and college (college) are two. University is generally comprehensive, can include a number of colleges (such as Medicine, Law, etc.). University for the state to establish, manage. College can be divided into two categories: the state or big cities managed four-year undergraduate colleges (including the Arts, an independent Professional schools - such as technical, medical, law professional schools) and from small cities or counties to establish the management of two-year college (the equivalent of the Academy of China, or college). The former offers undergraduate education (a Bachelor&#39;s degree - Bachelor s deGREe), which has been providing specialist qualifications (mainly specialized vocational training). Graduate School of the University with a Master&#39;s degree (Master s degree) and Ph.D. (Doctors degree) and other advanced degree. In the United States to get a professional degree, to be provided for completion of the professional courses and credits (the credits for each course different), total credit requirements, students receive bachelor&#39;s degree. Received a bachelor&#39;s degree undergraduate study and through one to two years, those who meet the requirements will be a master&#39;s degree. PhD requires researchers to be more difficult to complete, and provides research and submit papers, for them. In the U.S., the highest degree is a liberal arts Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy-Ph. D.).