Admiral Chester Nimitz (Chester Wiliam Nimitz, 1885 ~ 1966 years). February 24, 1885, Nimitz was born in Fredericksburg, Texas. September 1901, Nimitz, Indiana Ru Anna U.S. Naval Academy Examination. Four years later graduated with honors and went on the practice battleship. January 1907 expiration of the internship was the rank of Navy lieutenant, a &quot;Panay&quot; was gunboat captain, the same year in July has become a &quot;Decatur&quot; was captain of the destroyer. Despite suffered from work being negligent warning, but leapfrog in 1909 was promoted to lieutenant and was named a submarine officer, has served as &quot;divers&quot; No. &quot;turtle&quot; was, &quot;unicorn&quot; was the ship such as submarine long promoted captain. August 1917, Nimitz Navy Major oil supply vessel by the captain was transferred to the Deputy Commander of Atlantic Fleet Submarine Force aide Robison&#39;s works by the impact of the latter will mainly focus on the beginning to the command and personnel. Autumn 1918 to early 1919, the Department of submarine operations on the design of the Admiralty a senior member of the Committee, then as &quot;South Carolina&quot; was vice captain of the battleship. June 1920, was ordered to build the submarine base in Pearl Harbor. The end of the same year, was promoted to Navy lieutenant colonel, became the 14th commander of the submarine base detachment commander. In 1922, Nimitz entered the Naval War College studies. In addition to lectures and exercises, extensive reading strategies and tactics work, war history, naval history and celebrity biographies, accepted by the aircraft carrier as the center of the ring formation of ideas. Nimitz that the studies have important than any other experience, as wartime command of his later work in the foundation. June 1923, Nimitz battleship Admiral Robison as the adjutant, assistant chief of staff and tactical officer, in Robison&#39;s support for ring formation tests and exercises. Octob er 1925, Robison was promoted to Navy Commander, Nimitz was still allowed to adjutant, assistant chief of staff and tactical officer. Autumn 1926, Nimitz was transferred to the University of California Berkeley professor of naval science and tactics, formation of the Navy Reserve Officers Training Corps. January 1928, was promoted to Captain. June 1929, he was named commander of the San Diego contingent of 20 submarines. Destroyer base in San Diego two years later was promoted to commander. 1934 as &quot;Augusta&quot; was heavy cruiser captain. In 1935, Nimitz was transferred to Department of the Navy Maritime Bureau (now the Bureau of Personnel), Assistant Secretary. Secretary for sailing out of the office and the Secretary of the Navy often has frail health, Nimitz regular duties and to act as deputy minister of the Secretary authority. June 1938, was promoted to Admiral Nimitz. In the same year in July, as the first two contingents Fleet cruiser, later due to illness he was named commander of the 1st Fleet battleship contingents. After Pearl Harbor, under Roosevelt&#39;s direction, Nimitz on December 17, 1941 and was promoted to admiral, went to Pearl Harbor, Admiral Kimmel replaced as commander of U.S. Pacific Fleet. In order to rebuild and to defeat the Japanese Navy&#39;s Pacific Fleet, Nimitz did not rush to punish negligent officials, but the selection of reuse heroic officers (eg, Halsey, Spruance, Turner, Smith, etc.), reconstruction of the command system coordination in the Pacific theater forces armed forces, undertake allocated to the theater&#39;s personnel, weapons and supplies, participate in Washington&#39;s final decision to develop across the Pacific and over Japan&#39;s strategic plan, personally planning practical operations. January 1942, the decision- making in the Nimitz, the U.S. Navy&#39;s two aircraft carriers to form a coalition formation, and attack the Japanese-controlled Marshall Islands and Gilbert Islands, a Japanese submarine sunk in one fell swoop 2, 1 transport ship 8 boats and small vessels, and destroyed part of the shore facilities. This is the &quot;United States Navy in World War II, the first score.&quot; Its success inspired the morale of U.S. troops. Then, Nimitz began planning on the Japanese capital of Tokyo air raids. Because of difficulties of this plan, was shelved in February. The main problem is that the U.S. military base in the Pacific are all too far from Tokyo, only to rely on aircraft carriers to implement the plan, while the aircraft carrier bombers and very limited range. Launch such an attack, an aircraft carrier near the Japanese airports are very dangerous too. Recommend the use of the Army B-25 bombers, James H · Colonel Doolittle trained to take off from an aircraft carrier deck of 16 crew members. After careful study, decided to use the aircraft to bombers transported to area 500 nautical miles east of Japan, Tokyo and other Japanese air raid cities, China&#39;s coastal airports. Thus, from the Atlantic to the transfer of new aircraft carrier &quot;Hornet&quot; was to carry Alameda near San Francisco Airport B-25 bombers. The &quot;Hornet&quot; was loaded for the flight deck of the Army bombers, then it can not carry out reconnaissa nce patrol aircraft. Need another aircraft carrier to escort the Japanese waters. April 18, 16 B-25 bomber loaded with bombs from the &quot;Hornet&quot; was on deck, the sky, in just a few hours, arrived in Tokyo, Nagoya, Yokosuka, Kobe and other c ities over the dropping of bombs and incendiary China non-stop after the wind. Tokyo air raid of action although not a direct result of significant, yet psychological blow to the arrogance of Japan, and inspire the American people&#39;s morale. In Japa n, hundreds of millions of subjects stunned, deeply shocked by Emperor Hirohito, Admiral Yamamoto repeatedly confessing. In the United States government and the public is encouraged up and down, pessimism swept away. Given the lessons of Pearl Harbor, N imitz vigorously strengthen the building of the Pacific Fleet intelligence agencies. Intelligence agencies to be destroyed from the Japanese submarine to find the password of the Japanese Navy, leading to crack the Japanese naval messages. Deciphered by intelligence, Nimitz that the Japanese attempt to occupy Tulagi and thus capture Port Moresby, New Guinea, war troops including two aircraft carriers, three heavy cruisers and six destroyers of shock troops, from 1 aircraft carrier, four heavy cruisers and a destroyer of support to cover troop composition, and a search by the cruisers and six destroyers to escort the landing force. To attack the Japanese, Nimitz will be two aircraft carriers, eight cruisers and 11 destroyers emergency compiled into task forces, by the command of Rear Admiral Fletcher to the Coral Sea. The operations carried out by a carrier-based aircraft, surface ships, the two sides came face to face each other, it can be said for the first time an aircraft carrier battle of Coral Sea Battle. Campaign from May 3 Japanese captured Tulagi began. The next day, the Japanese transport ship orders to load the 14 l vessel by the light cruisers and six destroyers, escort, heading for Port Moresby; the United States, &quot;No. Yorktown&quot; carrier&#39;s carrier aircraft attack Tulagi, sinking destroyer 1, destruction of other ships several vessels, leading to the Japanese aircraft carrier mobility forces south. 7, the Japanese fleet destroyed the United States a destroyer, hit an oil ship, the U.S. fleet is sunk by the Japanese, &quot;Xiang Feng number&quot; light aircraft carrier. 8, the United States, &quot;Lexington&quot; aircraft carrier sunk by the Japanese fleet, Nimitz ordered U.S. troops to leave the battlefield. Battle of the Coral Sea, the United States than in Japan, a large direct losses, but defeated the Japanese capture of Port Moresby Nimitz attempt to make Japan&#39;s two aircraft carriers can not timely resumption of fighting (one of them could not participate in the Battle of Midway ), on the Midway victory was the United States had a positive impact. According to the analysis of a large number of intelligence, Nimitz will be the judge of Midway the Japanese combat targets, timely organization determination to counterattack. He&#39;s only two aircraft carrier &quot;Enterprise&quot; and &quot;Hornet&quot; from the South Pacific moved to Hawaii, the grouping of two task forces, bound for Midway, waiting for 200 nautical miles north-east (later an emergency repair, &quot;York London No. &quot;aircraft carrier has arrived War); to Midway additional B-17&quot; Flying Fortress &quot;bomber, B-25 bombers, dive bombers and fighter planes; to all submarines deployed in the waters northwest of Midway, in the May 14 order Pacific Fleet into the overall combat readiness. May 25, intelligence agencies and even cracked the Japanese combined fleet of operational plans. Nimitz order to strengthen the air search, try opportunities enemy. June 4, the U.S. plane first found the Japanese fleet, began fighting. Japan&#39;s fighting forces are mobile fleet, main fleet, Midway attack fleet, the Northern Fleet and the advance fleet, with about 160 various types of warships; U.S. fighting forces for the attack aircraft carrier fleet, under the jurisdiction of 16 task forces, special Task Force 17 and 11 task forces, with about 50 various types of warships, the balance of power at a disadvantage. Japanese aircraft bombed Midway Island to the U.S. military suffered heavy losses, while U.S. aircraft sank two aircraft carriers in Japan. June 5, Battle of Midway ended. U.S. losses &quot;Yorktown number&quot; aircraft carrier, l destroyers, 150 planes and 307 men; Japan lost four aircraft carriers, a heavy cruiser, 322 aircraft and 3,500 soldiers, a battleship and two destroyers hit . Nimitz could not help but declared: &quot;Gentlemen, today has been reported to Pearl Harbor, revenge!&quot; Nimitz and King decided to implement in order to capture Guadalcanal and Tulagi as the goal of &quot;watch tower&quot; operational plan, known as Battle of Guadalcanal. August 7, 1942, U.S. Marines in the Tula and the ancient island of Guadalcanal in the landing operation was successful, but the cover for the landing task forces attack the Japanese Navy was forced to withdraw. Savo Island in the subsequent fighting, the U.S. Navy lost, lost 4 cruisers and more than 1,000 sailors. In order to regain Guadalcanal, the Japanese use called the &quot;Tokyo Express&quot; destroyer transport army reinforcements. U.S. forces defend the island to be assistance. August 24 to 25, East Solomon Islands commenced operations, the U.S. carrier-based aircraft sink Japanese &quot;Long-xiang number&quot; aircraft carrier, the Japanese carrier aircraft were hit the United States, &quot;Enterprise&quot; aircraft carrier and a destroyer. October 8, Nimitz Halsey replaced Ghormley appointed supreme commander of either the South Pacific war zone in order to improve battlefield command. October 26, Santa Cruz Island in the waters of the two sides at war, the U.S. losses &quot;Hornet&quot; aircraft carrier and 74 aircraft, two aircraft carriers in Japan only slightly affected by trauma, loss of 100 aircraft, the U.S. has once again been tactical loss. Guadalcanal battle more intense. The evening of November 12 to 13, Guadalcanal cruiser sea battle took place, the U.S. lost nearly 1,000 soldiers and two cruisers, cruiser hit another two, the Japanese lost a cruiser. 14, the U.S. Navy to fight back the Japanese transport fleet. 15 Guadalcanal Marine battleships fighting took place, the Japanese lost two battleships, l ships heavy cruisers, three destroyers, 11 ships and dozens of transport aircraft, the joint fleet can no longer support such a heavy price to Army combat action. February 1943, the Japanese were forced to evacuate Guadalcanal. Victory in the Battle of Guadalcanal, marking the Allies in the Pacific began with the strategic defensive to strategic offensive posture. However, in June 1943 before the Japanese combined fleet strength of superiority still holds, with 10 aircraft carriers (carrier aircraft 480), 9 battleships, 30 cruisers, 98 destroyers, but the carrier-based aircraft pilots killed too; Only three U.S. Pacific Fleet aircraft carrier (carrier aircraft 217), six battleships and 25 cruisers. May 1943, the Allies decided along the Pacific and Southwest Pacific to the Japanese attack on two lines, in command of the Pacific war from the Nimitz, MacArthur, Southwest Pacific operations from the command to attack the island by the basic strategy. November 20, Nimitz ordered the launching of the Gilbert Islands campaign. As the U.S. military artillery preparation time is too short and very strong Japanese defense, the U.S. military took three days, at the expense 1,300 personnel captured Tarawa. In view of this, Nimitz decided to change operational policy for the island by island- hopping approach, that is not playing around on some of the island (so starve), across the island and attack the key islands. Is the end of the Pacific war&#39;s strategic initiative is entirely transferred to the Allies. Nimitz will be the next target point to the Marshall Islands in the heart o f combat. Operations began in December 31, 1943. The campaign attention to adequate artillery preparation, and repeated use of the Japanese seized the area around the airport and the suppression of the tactical, battle at the end of next year in February. Since then, the Nimitz decided not 50,000 strong fortified Truk Islands, the Japanese launched a surprise and the first aircraft carrier carrier aircraft with a violent bombardment, and then move around the island. Then, Nimitz was directed at the Mariana Islands. March 1944, the U.S. military shelling of Palau Islands, on June 15, began landing at Saipan. Japan&#39;s combined fleet came against a loss of three aircraft carriers and 315 aircraft. July 9. U.S. military to capture the cost of 16,500 casua lties in Saipan, and annihilated approximately 30 000. Between Nimitz and MacArthur had a dispute over the direction of subsequent operations. The former advocates in Mindanao Air Force Base, in advance, isolated Luzon, attack Taiwan and the Chinese coast, and then against the Japanese homeland; the latter advocated the speedy capture of the Philippines and received the support of Joint Chiefs of Staff. Nimitz sent Halsey rate of 3 to participate in the liberation of the Philippines combat fleet. December 1944, five-star Admiral Nimitz was promoted to Navy. To early 1945, the Pacific the number of Japanese casualties and trapped about 75 million, a total loss of 19 aircraft carriers, 12 battleships, 34 cruisers and 125 submarines. After the capture of Iwo Jima, April 1, 1945, Nimitz ordered to Okinawa, launched a surprise, Morijima Japanese desperate resistance, &quot;Kamikaze&quot; attack team returned to the U.S. warship to launch suicide attacks. June 22, the island fell. Nearly 50,000 U.S. casualties, nearly 120,000 Japanese casualties. After Japan&#39;s unconditional surrender, 2 September 1945, Nimitz the Japanese surrender ceremony on behalf of the United States to participate. During the war, Nimitz received three Distinguished Service Medals, 5 October by the U.S. government as &quot;Nimitz Day.&quot; November 1945, Nimitz served as Minister of Navy operations, continue to emphasize the importance of the Navy. November 1947 the outgoing term. And Porter co-author of &quot;Sea Power: Naval History&quot; and &quot;Pacific Victory: Navy War.&quot; February 20, 1966, Nimitz died in San Francisco. In the final dying, Nimitz will be required after the death of the funeral be a simple and buried him in the Pacific coast of Hawaii&#39;s national cemetery. Because of the admiral from the mountains, like the cemetery can be kept overnight overlooking Albert guise that he had created the blue Pacific. To mark the Nimitz, the United States to 70 years to the development of a nuclear aircraft carrier Nimitz named a total of 10 aircraft carriers of the class, is the world&#39;s largest and most advanced aircraft carrier. Nimitz-class nuclear aircraft carrier Nimitz is the first ship. Is also the class nuc lear aircraft carrier, the only U.S. president not previously named one. Nimitz Chronology February 1885 24 Fredericksburg, Texas, was born in Germany, descendants of the family September 7, 1901 a naval officer, Indiana Ru Anna University Examination January 1905 graduated with distinction and began to &quot;Ohio&quot; HMS practice, given the rank of second lieutenant Appointed in 1908, &quot;Decatur&quot; was captain of the destroyer Assigned to the submarine force in 1909 worked In April 1913 and Kaiselinbu Freeman married In May 1913 went to Germany to study engineering technology Appointed in July 1913, &quot;Maumee&quot; chief engineer tanker August 1917 transferred any of the Atlantic Fleet Submarine Force Technical Assistant post, was promoted to lieutenant commander With the submarine force in 1918, went to the Mediterranean and Atlantic waters to participate in the First World War Pearl Harbor in 1920 ordered the construction of bases, was promoted to Navy lieutenant colonel Studies into the Navy War College in 1922, received the rank of Colonel 1926, University of California, Berkeley office of Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps instructors San Diego office in 1929, unit commander of the submarine base 20 June 1931 appointed &quot;rigel&quot; was captain of the destroyer Appointed in 1933, &quot;Augusta&quot; cruiser captain 1935 Assistant Secretary for the Admiralty Maritime June 1938 appointed detachment commander of the cruiser San Diego 2 June 1938 was promoted to rear admiral August 1938 appointed commander of Detachment 1 battleship In January 1939 appointed commander of the 7th Special Task Force April 1939 the Secretary for the Admiralty Maritime Ministry December 15, 1941 as Pacific Fleet commander The end of the command by the end of 1941 -1,944 Coral Sea, Midway, Solomon Islands, Leyte Gulf and other sea and landing December 19, 1944 five-star general was promoted to Navy September 2, 1945 on behalf of the United States to attend the signing ceremony of Japanese surrender October 5, 1945 the U.S. government named the day as &quot;Nimitz Day&quot; December 15, 1945 Minister of the Admiralty war December 1947 out of military April 1949 appointed inspector of the United Nations on Kashmir 1951 as the United Nations &quot;goodwill ambassador&quot; 1953-1961, he became director of the University of California February 24, 1966 died in San Francisco Nimitz-class aircraft carrier: Nimitz class is the world&#39;s largest displacement, set machine up, most modern aircraft carrier, is also following the &quot;Enterprise&quot; in the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the U.S. second- generation nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. The first ship &quot;Nimitz&quot; service in 1975. The ship&#39;s hull and deck- level high-strength steel, can withstand piercing attacks, ammunition depots, and the cabin is equipped with 63.5 mm thick, &quot;Kevlar&quot; armor, ships equipped with watertight transverse bulkheads 23 and 10 fire next door, fire, damage control and protective measures such as a complete shock. To withstand three times the Essex-class aircraft carriers were hit. It can carry out offshore operations to seize air and sea to attack the enemy at sea or land targets, to support landing operations and anti-submarine warfare. The existing 10-class ships, all construction is completed, is the backbone of the U.S. Navy active-duty aircraft carrier. Yankees always draw these days, always, and war. Sea and air are all included, all the powder old man.
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