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Economic_ Social and Cultural Rights

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					Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Preamble
The States Parties to this Convention,
Taking into account, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter, all
members of the human family is the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights
of recognition, but of freedom, justice and peace,
Recognizing that these rights derive from the inherent dignity
Confirmed that, in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and
only in the creation of a people can enjoy their economic, social and cultural rights, as
the enjoyment of their civil and political rights under the same conditions, to achieve
free human beings enjoying freedom from fear and want the ideal
Taking into account the obligation of States under the Charter to promote human
rights and freedoms of universal respect for and observance of,
Recognizing that the individual, other individuals and to which he belongs has duties,
should be to promote and implement the rights recognized in this Convention to work,
Hereby agree that under the above articles:
The first part
Article
First, determination of all peoples. By virtue of that right they freely determine their
political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
Second, all peoples, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and
resources without prejudice, based upon the principle of mutual benefit and
international law and international economic cooperation to any obligations arising. In
no case may a people be deprived of their means of subsistence.
Third, States Parties to this Convention, including those responsible for the
administration of Non-Self-Governing and Trust Territories of the country, shall,
subject to the conditions provided for under the UN Charter, to promote the
realization of self-determination, and shall respect that right.
Part II
Article
1, each State Party undertakes to do their best to take steps, individually and through
international assistance and cooperation, especially economic and technical assistance
and cooperation to take steps by all appropriate means, including particularly through
legislative means, gradually to the present Convention in the full realization of the
rights recognized.
Second, States Parties to this Convention undertake to guarantee the rights enunciated
in the present Convention shall be generally exercised without discrimination as to
race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin,
property, birth or other status any such distinction.
Third, developing countries, in due regard to human rights and their national
economic situation Xia, may determine which pairs of non-national citizens to enjoy
in the present Covenant recognize the economic rights to what extent of Bao Zheng.
Article
The States Parties undertake to ensure the men and women contained in the
Convention, all economic, social and cultural rights have equal rights.
Article
States Parties to this Convention recognize that, in all countries according to the
provisions of this Convention and the enjoyment of those rights, the State may subject
such rights only to restrict the nature of these rights is not with the contrary and just
democratic society in order to promote the general welfare purpose of the restrictions
determined by law.
Article
1, this Convention shall be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any
right to engage in any recognized in the Convention aimed at the destruction of any
rights or freedoms, or for them to be compared to the broader provisions of the
Convention limits activities or behavior.
Second, for any country according to law, conventions, regulations or customs
recognized or existing in any of the fundamental human rights, shall not excuse the
present Covenant does not recognize or only to a lesser extent that it recognizes to be
restricted or derogated.
Part III
Article
1, States Parties to this Convention recognize the right to work, including freedom of
choice of everyone to the opportunity to gain his living by work and accept the rights
and will take appropriate steps to safeguard this right.
Second, States Parties to the Convention for the full realization of this right Er Caiqu
The steps should include technical and vocational guidance and training, and
individuals in the protection of fundamental political and economic freedoms are to
achieve steady economic, social and cultural development and full and productive
employment plans, policies and technology.
Article
The States Parties to this Convention recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment
of just and favorable conditions of work, in particular to ensure:
(A) the minimum compensation for all workers in the following:
(1) Fair wages and equal pay for equal work of equal value without any
discrimination, in particular women being guaranteed not inferior working conditions
enjoyed by men and enjoy equal pay;
(2) for themselves and their families in accordance with the provisions of this
Convention decent living.
(B) safe and healthy working conditions;
(C) Everyone in the industry to an appropriate level of equal opportunities, in addition
to considerations of seniority and competence, without any other factors;
(D) Rest, leisure and reasonable limitation of working hours, periodic holidays with
pay and remuneration for public holidays.
Article VIII
1, States Parties to this Convention undertake to ensure:
(A) Everyone has the right to form trade unions and join trade unions of his choice, to
the promotion and protection of his economic and social interests; this right subject
only to restrictions and regulations concerning trade unions. The exercise of this right,
shall be subject to other laws and the regulations and in a democratic society for the
interests of national security or public order or for the protection of other persons of
the rights and freedoms of the outside of Renhe Xu Yao of Xian Zhi restrictions.
(B) trade unions to establish national federations or confederations and the right to
form or join international trade union organizations;
(C) trade unions have the right to work freely, without addition to the provisions of
law and order in a democratic society in the interests of national security or public
order or for the protection of the interests and freedoms of others beyond the limits
required for any restrictions;
(D) The right to strike, but it should be in accordance with the laws of individual
countries to exercise this right.
Second, this section shall not prohibit the military or the police or members of the
state administrative organs exercise of these rights, imposition of lawful restrictions.
Third, this section does not authorize participation in 1948 on Freedom of Association
and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, the International Labour party to
take enough damage under the Convention to ensure the legislative measures, or in
the application of laws that guarantee damage.
Article
The States Parties to this Convention recognize the right of everyone to social security,
including social insurance.
Article
The States Parties recognize:
I. as the natural and fundamental group unit of the family, especially for its
establishment and while it is responsible for the care and education of dependent
children, should give the widest possible protection and assistance. Marriage must be
entered by free consent of both parties.
Second, the mother, in a reasonable period before and after childbirth should be given
special protection. In the meantime, on working mothers should give to the paid leave
with adequate social security benefits or vacation payments.
Third, all children and adolescents should take special measures of protection and
assistance, not for reasons of parentage or other conditions without any discrimination.
Children and adolescents should be protected from economic and social exploitation.
Hire them to do their morals or health of hazardous or dangerous to life or likely to
hamper the work of their normal development, punishable by law. States should also
set age limits, where the employment of this age of the child, should be prohibited and
punishable by law.
Article
1, States Parties to this Convention recognize the right of everyone for himself and his
family standard of living, including adequate food, clothing and housing, and to the
continuous improvement of living conditions. The States Parties will take appropriate
steps to ensure the realization of this right, recognizing to this voluntary agreement
based on the importance of international cooperation.
Second, the Convention for all States Parties, recognizing the fundamental right to be
free from hunger, shall Wei following purposes take, individually and through
international cooperation, measures to take the necessary measures, including specific
programs, including:
(A) with full use of scientific knowledge, dissemination of knowledge of the
principles of nutrition and by developing or reforming agrarian systems in order to
make the most effective natural resources development and use of other methods to
improve food production, conservation and distribution;
(B) Taking into account the food-importing and food-exporting countries, the problem
situation, to ensure world food supplies in relation to the needs of equitable
distribution.
Article XII
1, States Parties to this Convention recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment
of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
Second, States Parties to this Convention, the full realization of this right to the steps
taken should include the steps required to achieve the following objectives:
(A) reduction of the stillbirth rate and infant mortality and for the healthy
development of children;
(B) to improve environmental and industrial hygiene aspects;
(C) the prevention, treatment and control of epidemic, endemic, occupational and
other diseases;
(D) the creation of guarantee in sickness medical care for all.
Article XIII
1, States Parties to this Convention recognize the right of everyone to education. They
agree that education should encourage the dignity of the human personality and the
full development, to strengthen respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms,
and should enable all persons to participate effectively in a free society, the promotion
of all nations and all racial, ethnic or religious understanding between groups,
tolerance and friendship, and promote the United Nations peacekeeping activities.
Second, States Parties to this Convention that, in order to fully realize this right:
(A) Primary education shall be compulsory and available free to all;
(B) various forms of secondary education, including technical and vocational
education, shall be by all appropriate means, generally, and accessible to all,
particularly progressive introduction of free;
(C) Higher education shall be the basis of merit, by all appropriate means, and equally
accessible to all, particularly progressive introduction of free;
(D) those who have not received or completed primary education were the basic
education should be encouraged or intensified as far as possible;
(E) a system of schools at all levels should be actively pursued; adequate fellowship
system shall be established; the material conditions of teaching staff, shall be
continuously improved.
Third, the commitment of States parties to the Convention, to respect their parents and
(if applicable) the legal guardian of the following freedoms: for their children to
choose non-public but consistent with the State Department may be prescribed or
approved by the minimum educational standards in schools and ensure that they
children in conformity with their own convictions of religious and moral education.
Fourth, any part of this section shall be construed as to interfere with individuals or
groups to establish and direct educational institutions of freedom, but to comply with
the principles set forth in paragraph of this Article and the education in such
institutions must meet the requirements of national minimum standards that may limit.
Article XIV
Any State Party to this Convention participating in the Convention were not yet in its
metropolitan territory or other territories under its jurisdiction to implement free,
compulsory primary education who bear within two years to develop and adopt a
progressive implementation of detailed action program, which provides all within a
reasonable period, subject to the per capita principle of compulsory education free of
charge.
Article XV
1, States Parties to this Convention recognize the right of everyone:
(A) take part in cultural life;
(B) to enjoy scientific progress and its applications for benefits;
(C) To any scientific, literary or artistic production of the moral and material interests,
benefit from the protection of the interests.
Second, States Parties to the Convention for the full realization of this right shall
include the steps taken for the conservation, development and diffusion of science and
culture are necessary steps.
Third, States Parties to this Convention undertake to respect the scientific research
and creative activity essential freedom.
4, States Parties to this Convention recognize the encouragement and development of
science and cultural benefits of international contacts and cooperation.
Part IV
Article XVI
1, this Convention in accordance with this Convention, States Parties undertake to
submit in compliance with this part of the rights recognized in this Convention with
regard to the measures taken and progress made in the report.
2, (a) All reports shall be submitted to the UN Secretary-General; the United Nations
Secretary-General shall transmit copies to the Economic and Social Council in
accordance with the provisions of this Convention for consideration;
(B) Any State Party to this Convention, is also a member of the specialized agencies
who submitted their report or any part thereof, if and in accordance with the
specialized agencies required by law to belong to the organization of the functional
scope of the matters, the United Nations Secretary length should be at the same time
or one copy of the report transmitted to the relevant part of the specialized agencies.
Article XVII
1, States Parties to this Convention shall be in accordance with the Economic and
Social Council with the States Parties to this Convention and the relevant specialized
agencies for counseling after the entry into force of this Convention within one year
of the plan set, staging report.
Reports may affect the performance of the obligations under the Convention that the
extent of the factors and difficulties.
3, where the material shall be subject to any State Party to this Convention to the
United Nations or any specialized agency, that is necessary to reproduce that
information, but a precise reference to the provision of materials will suffice.
Article XVIII
Economic and Social Council under the Charter of human rights in accordance with
its responsibilities, have the specialized agencies and the specialized agencies to
report to the Council to make this Convention is the scope of activities of specialized
agencies to comply with the provisions of access to progress arrangements. These
reports may include their competent bodies to take on such implementation decisions
and details of the proposal.
Article XIX
Economic and Social Council must be national in accordance with Article XVI and
XVII to the provisions of the report on human rights and the specialized agencies in
accordance with the provisions of Article XVIII to transmit the report on human rights
Human Rights Commission for study and make general recommendations or
appropriate reference.
Diershitiao
The States Parties to this Convention and the relevant specialized agencies of the
provisions of Article XIX have on any general recommendations or any report on the
Human Rights Commission in such a general recommendation or any document
which referred to the Economic and Social Council comments .
Article 1
Economic and Social Council may at any time and its own report to the General
Assembly with the general's recommendations and from the Convention
States Parties and the specialized institutions received in regard to compliance with
the Convention in the universal rights recognized by the measures taken and progress
summary of the material.
Article 2
Economic and Social Council may bring in technical assistance to other United
Nations agencies and their subsidiary organs and specialized agencies related to this
part of the Convention mentioned in various reports to note any matters arising, which
may assist these institutions in their respective authority to decide whether to
contribute to the effective progressive implementation of this Convention,
international measures.
Article 3
The States Parties agreed to achieve the rights recognized in the Convention that
international action should include the conclusion of conventions, recommendations,
technical assistance, and the purpose of consultation and study with the Government
the convening of regional meetings and technical meetings.
Article 4
Nothing in this Convention shall be interpreted as prejudicial to the United Nations
Charter and the specialized agencies identified in the Organic Law of the United
Nations bodies and specialized agencies in matters covered by this Convention, the
provisions of the responsibility.
Article 5
Nothing in this Convention shall be interpreted as detrimental to all the people fully
and freely enjoy and utilize their natural wealth and resources of the inherent right.
Part V
Article 6
1, this Convention shall be open to any Member State of the United Nations or its
specialized agencies, any Member State, any State Party to the Statute of the Court,
and invited Parties to this Convention by the General Assembly of any other State.
Second, the Convention shall be ratified. Ratification shall be deposited with the
Secretary.
Third, the Convention shall be open to the first paragraph of this article referred to by
any State.
4, accession shall be deposited with the Secretary of accession.
5, United Nations Secretary-General shall each instrument of ratification or accession
have been deposited with notice signed or acceded to this Convention to all States.
第二 17
1, this Convention shall the 35th instrument of ratification or accession are deposited
with the Secretary entered into force three months after the date.
Second, for the third 15 instruments of ratification or accession after the deposit of
ratification or accession to this Convention, the Convention shall the deposit of its
instrument of ratification or accession shall take effect three months after the date.
第二 18
Provisions of this Convention shall extend to all parts of federal States without any
limitations or exceptions.
第二 19
First, any State Party to this Convention may propose amendments to this Convention,
and submitted to UN Secretary-General. Secretary-General shall thereupon
communicate the proposed amendment to the Convention, States Parties Chihpen, a
request that they notify him whether in favor of the conference of States Parties to
consider the proposal and vote on it. In at least one third of the States Parties favor
such a conference situation, the Secretary-General shall convene the conference under
United Nations auspices. For the meeting, a majority of States Parties present and
voting at the passage of any amendment shall be submitted to the UN General
Assembly approval.
Second, such an amendment approved by the General Assembly and two-thirds
majority of Parties to this Convention in accordance with their respective
constitutional processes to be accepted, to that effect.
Third, when the amendments come into force, on all parties have accepted them
binding, other States Parties still being bound by the provisions of this Convention,
and they have accepted the amendment of any previously bound.
Third 10
Di Wukuan than in accordance with Article 6 of the notifications made, the United
Nations Secretary-General shall notify the same article all the countries mentioned in
the first paragraph:
(A) made in accordance with the provisions of Article 6 of the signature, ratification
and accession;
(B) This Convention entered into force in accordance with the 27th article of the date,
and any amendments to this Convention in accordance with the 29th article into
effect.
第三十一条
The present Convention shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations, the
Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic.
Second, the United Nations Secretary-General shall transmit certified copies of this
Convention to all States referred to Article 6.

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