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Dwight Eisenhower

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					Dwight Eisenhower

Dwight Eisenhower

June 5, 1944 -6 days night, the Allies began landing in Normandy shocked the world.
2.88 million Allied troops, more than 13,700 aircraft, 9,000 ships took part in this
World War II, the largest landing operations. Battle of the Supreme Commander
Supreme Allied Commander in Europe Dwight Eisenhower. This campaign makes
him original, recorded in history.

In 1890, Eisenhower was born in Kansas. He chose the military profession, not
entirely out of personal interest, nor is the will of their parents, but with the family
concerned. His family was poor, the other six brothers are not affected by higher
education can only be free to enter West Point, Eisenhower. His mother was a pacifist,
wanting his son join the military, but it was inconvenient to block, together with the
late nineteenth century, the continuing war in America, military service for young
people is a sacred and fresh things.

On the eve of World War I, Eisenhower graduated from West Point, was second
lieutenant rank. Because of the war, many of my classmates went to France entered
the war, he has been engaged in training at home. He founded the first U.S. Army tank
training camp, a 28-year-old lieutenant commander. Panama's regional
commander Major General Connor, after finding the young people of military talent,
he invited him to the Panama service. Served three years in Panama, he was a special
cultivation Connor, military knowledge and skills to grow significantly. Later, Conner
then send him into the Army Command and Staff College training. Eisenhower
learning seriously, training hard, to school in 1926 graduated first in his class. Then to
the Army War College study for two years.

In Eisenhower's early military career, had the honor knowledge of the
Pershing and MacArthur received two U.S. Army's famous. His worship of
these two great and hard to follow, especially for MacArthur's follow up to
6 years actually. The first is to follow in the Army General Staff, and later traveled to
the Philippines together. MacArthur is very high regard for him, in the Philippines
when he was appointed as assistant military adviser. September 1939, the German
invasion of Poland, he ignored MacArthur and others to discourage and retention,
strongly desire to return. After returning to the end, U.S. military headquarters west of
logistics plans officer. In 1941, he was named head of the Eisenhower, and later
switched to No. 3 Army chief of staff, was promoted Brigadier General.

December 7, 1941, the U.S. military base in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. 8,
the United States declared war on Japan. In Pearl Harbor the first 5 days after the
incident, Eisenhower, Marshall-call rate back to Washington. This is of course
familiar with Eisenhower and the Pacific, the Philippines military problems, but more
important is that he has a wealth of staff experience. He first as Deputy Director of the
war plan, and soon plan to upgrade combat Office Department, has been appointed as
operations director, was promoted to major general after a few weeks. This is his high
command into the start of long-term cooperation with the Marshall.

This time, Eisenhower, although not eligible to participate in the Allied strategic
issues that high-level meeting, but he was able to stand the supreme commander of
the point of view, on behalf of U.S. interests to guide the global strategic initiatives.
Eisenhower noted that, when the U.S. government and public attention has focused in
the Pacific war, when Roosevelt and Marshall confused on the battlefields of Europe
priority. He endorsed the view of this strategy, in March 1942 and the operations of
the Office of the General Staff were made with the basic idea of how the war: the
large number of U.S. troops concentrated in the UK, and refused to use them in any
surrounding decentralized De among sexual assault, should be in the air superiority
over Europe and from the United Kingdom through the Strait, against the French and
German. On this basic idea, although the British agreed in principle, but there are
many specific issues, differences of opinion. Marshall also ordered Eisenhower to the
United Kingdom as field trips, and in the United Kingdom established a military
command post, to make recommendations for future implementation plans. When he
reported back to Washington after President Roosevelt to accept the views of Marshall,
has been appointed as the Eisenhower Theater in London, commander of U.S. forces
in Europe. Soon, Eisenhower has served as commander of allied forces in North
Africa battlefield. Before that, he did not fight alone commanded, but he assumed the
mission was the first major success to the Anglo-American coalition forces in North
Africa, landing smoothly. This proves that the unique insight Marshall. Eisenhower
thus became famous. February 1943, he became commander of allied forces in North
Africa and the Mediterranean.




Eisenhower in command of allied forces to North Africa, Sicily and the Italian
operations, in achieving cooperation with allies, have demonstrated outstanding
military, political, diplomatic skills, as the "soldier statesman
diplomat." His firm, decisive and magnanimous, and full confidence in
subordinates. Eisenhower may have been regardless of political criticism, decided to
recognize the Vichy government of France is in North Africa, Admiral Darlan French
supreme commander in the region, thus avoiding resistance, accelerated the progress
of the Allies in North Africa. By the end of 1942, Kesselring natural wealth a pleasure
lost the battle, he unswervingly, take timely measures to send Patton replaced the
incompetent military commander Feilidengda 2. Brook, Montgomery, who had looked
down on Eisenhower, and even issued a number of sometimes harsh criticism, he is
still generous, Anglo-American cooperation in efforts to become a reality. Difficult in
many circumstances at that time, Eisenhower commanded set, first gained the victory
in North Africa, followed by capture of Sicily, advancing to the Italian mainland. In
1944, he was promoted to five-star general.

Eisenhower examines the development of Western Europe had already begun landing
operations plan, proposed to Normandy for the landing place, and decided that the
first landing force consists of three divisions to five divisions, and other details by the
Montgomery and Bradley to handle their own is more important to care about the
problems he considers.

Eisenhower realized that air superiority is of great importance, is the most difficult
problems. He called on the British air force under his control should be carried out in
the Battle of Normandy. This decision was the British strategy against the Air Force
Commander Harris, which makes consistent discreet, affable Eisenhower
Taidongganhuo, on March 23 he declared: "If this problem can not be
satisfactorily resolved, I will show, please resign." Britain's
chief of staff had agreed to the strategic air command by Eisenhower. U.S. Air Force
Air Force and other countries have also made similar arrangements. Then he reached
with the French has to endure the loss of the agreement. Thus, air superiority problem
has been solved Eisenhower.

Initially, the Normandy landing is scheduled in May, was postponed due to bad
weather in June. To June 6, despite the weather forecast the weather is still bad,
Eisenhower decided to attack. Before that, he Calais conducted a feint. At 2
o'clock on the 6th, allied paratroopers and air forces first began landing in
Normandy, followed by shelling navy and air force bombing of 6:30, more than 4,000
ships carrying 12 million people in five divisions landed in Normandy and the
consolidation of the landing field . Beginning late into the night to get the victory.
September, France's Liberation. Eisenhower then command his troops to
defeat the German counterattack in the Ardennes region, breaking the Siegfried line of
defense, to enter Germany, the eradication of a large number of Germans.


Churchill and Eisenhower

After World War II, Eisenhower was the commander of U.S. occupation forces to
Germany. Back in 1945, he was appointed Army chief of staff. Once discharged from
active service in 1948, he was president of Columbia University. 1950, to the French
armed forces of any NATO supreme commander. Military withdrawal in 1952, his
presidential campaign, was overwhelmingly elected. 1953-1960 in U.S. President. His
campaign ended the Korean War, took office in 1953, signed the "Korean
Armistice Agreement." 1957 put forward the "Eisenhower
doctrine" attempts to control the Middle East. Author of
"continental expedition" and other works. March 28, 1969
death.

				
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