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					Waste Management & Recycling

Dr Keith Pitcher      Environmental Officer

Janet Willis           Cleaning Services Manager


 Why bother?
 Environmental Policy
 Development of the waste management programme
 Cleaning services
 How staff get involved
Why bother?

• Annual increases in waste collected
• Increases in waste disposal costs
• Landfill tax had risen to £15/tonne and was expected to
  rise by £3/tonne/annum to £30/tonne
• Paper & cardboard recycling for 10 years but no recent
• Some computer recycling
• We wanted to make big improvements in performance
  and attitude
Environmental Policy

The University’s Environmental Policy We will conduct our own activities and
says:                                 operations to reflect best environmental
                                      practice, implement an environmental
                                      management system (EMS) to pursue
                                      sustainability and continuous improvement
                                      and seek innovative ways of meeting
                                      environmental objectives.
Our EMS:
    •identifies & prioritises activities with environmental effects:
        •reducing carbon dioxide emissions
        •managing our waste & increasing recycling
        •purchasing in a more sustainable manner
    •begins a culture that embraces environmental best practice; and
    •sets and monitors targets for environment improvement.
Office Waste Recycling Objectives

• Review our performance
• See what other European and regional organisations
  had achieved
• Design and implement a recycling scheme
   •our cleaning services team a key asset
• Develop a communication programme
• Monitor performance
• Let staff, students and stakeholders know how we are
Recycling performance

UK: 11%
Switzerland, Germany & Austria: 50%

                  Glass   Aluminium   Steel
UK                25%     38%         30%
Switzerland       93%     89%
Germany                               80%

University: 16%
Defra’s waste strategy 2000

Aspirational targets
• Recover value from 45% of municipal waste by 2010, at
  least 30% through recycling and composting
• Recover value from 2/3rds of municipal waste by 2015, at
  least half through recycling/composting. Go beyond this in
  long term.
Waste management audits

   ‘I was shocked and appalled by our visit to the waste site yesterday; within 5 minutes I
   was knee deep in paper and books. These were not isolated incidences but originated
   from across the university community.’ – Quote from Environmental Co-ordinator
Waste management audits
What could be recycled and how?

• More paper (> 50%)
• Plastics, cans, glass, computers
    •Discussions held with companies who would provide
    campus storage facilities and collect these
• High quality slimline bins selected
    •Need to be visible, near offices
Pilot recycling scheme

• 4 offices chosen for pilot
• Discussions held with senior managers, info sent to staff
• New recycling bins provided on each floor for plastics,
  cans, glass and waste
    •Locations agreed with office manager
    •Fire officer involved to ok principles
• Lots of new paper recycling bins installed
    •corridors, photocopiers, print rooms, admin offices
• In 3 offices waste bins remained, in one office bins were
Pilot recycling scheme - results

• Initial period for settling in
• Increasing no. of staff had started recycling at home, so
  recycling at work was not a problem
• Fine tune where necessary
• Accept that for a small minority change is difficult
• Cleaning staff found change ok
    •refocus cleaning away from bin emptying
    •sometimes GOM wanted bin back
    •training where cleaning staff changes (sickness, holidays)
Pilot recycling scheme - results

                  Description            Recycling

Offices before scheme implemented          24%

Waste bins remained – voluntary scheme     28%

Waste bins removed                         62%

• Results taken to university environmental steering group
   • business case for campus rollout
   • £120k investment in recycling bins, 3 year payback
   • expenditure phased over 3 years
   • policy approved
   • rollout must include buyin and communication with
     heads of school, staff and students
• Waste management group established to look at other
  initiatives, monitor progress and report
• Staff environmental co-ordinators help develop and
  implement recycling in their school/department
Recycling performance

Audits carried out post scheme implementation
                                       Pre    Post recycling %
   • Mechanical Engineering            24     56
   • Civil Engineering                 25     48
   • SPEME                             10     44
   • Estate Services                   24     62
   • Psychiatry                               59
   • LUU (1st floor)                          75
75% complete across campus, finish in next 6 months
Student projects

• 2nd year school of environment undergrad carried out first
  office waste audits
• MSc civil engineering student carried out further audits and
  staff/student attitude surveys pre and post recycling
Staff: Attitude and Opinion

               Before: Level of satisfaction with                                                 After: Level of satisfaction with
           recycling facilities provided (civ eng Staff)                                     recycling facilities provided (civ eng staff)

   department 5          14              45                   32                     department         9               48                   22         17        4

     University              32               41                   27
                                                                                                    4              43                        39              13

 local authority        14             45                18         23
                                                                                                   0%         20%            40%       60%        80%         100%

             UK 5             27              36               27
                                                                                         v.satisfied        satisfied        neutral   dissatisfied     v.dissatisfied

                   0%         20%       40%        60%        80%        100%

   v.satisfied     satisfied        neutral    dissatisfied         v.dissatisfied

            Mech eng


                       The VC said ‘The office waste
                       recycling scheme has already been a
                       great success, but we need everyone
                       to take part if we are going to make a
                       real and permanent difference.’
2005 recycling summary

 1772 tonnes of waste from campus and 26.6% recycled
    • 323 t waste paper
    • 25 t cardboard
    • 1440 electrical & electronic items
        •183 computers reused by departments
        •150 donated to schools in Lesotho and Kenya
        •printer & photocopier cartridges & toners – charities
        supported by university obtain income
    • 6000 chemical bottles returned & reused
    • batteries, wood, furniture, cooking oil recycling - staff
2006 (Jan – Aug) summary

 704 tonnes of waste from campus
    • 225 t waste paper
    • 20 t cardboard
    • 4.7 t plastics
    • 1.9 t cans
    • 9.1 t glass
    • 47 t electrical & electronic items
         •0.44 tonnes printer & photocopier cartridges & toners
    • 49 t wood & furniture
Recycling performance

                                                                                                                  Cooking oil
                                                                                                                  Mobile phones
                      1,400                                                                                       Toners
  Quantity (tonnes)

                      1,200                                                                                       Chemical bottles
                                                                                                                  Fluoro tubes

                       800                                                                                        Plastics
                                                                                                                  Aluminium cans
                       600                                                                                        Glass
                       400                                                                                        Paper

                              (Mar-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Aug)

                                2000        2001        2002        2003        2004        2005        2006

% recycled                       17.5%       14.8%       18.4%      16.9%        19.6%       26.6%       34.5%
Cleaning Services

•Role of cleansing operatives has changed
  • One additional post of Cleansing Operative
  • Cleaning of External campus/ emptying litter bins etc. still continues but now
     focus more on collection of recycled products
  • Work more physical (50 tonnes of computers moved this year)
• Role of Cleansing Supervisor has changed
  • Workload increased
  • Increased customer contact
  • Improved dialogue with departments
  • Lots of compliments
• Role of cleaners
  • Less time spent unlocking individual office doors to empty bins
  • Greater emphasis on cleaning rather than removal of waste
  • Fully supportive of scheme, ideas coming forward for further improvements
  • Staff now more aware of environmental issues
Closing the loop

  • Paper: 43 million sheets A4
    used per year
  • Recycled paper assessed and
    is now the preferred paper
  • Duplex laser printers save
    paper and cartridges
  • Product recycling rollout being
    developed with Recycling
    Action Yorkshire and WRAP
      • Office products
      • Construction waste
How to get involved

32 Environmental Co-ordinators have been appointed from staff
   Principal roles:

• act as a focus for co-ordinating environmental issues
• take forward ideas from staff and students
• promote environmental issues
    • energy saving, water audits, building design, transport,
      waste management
• deliver culture change
SDDU run a Go Green training seminar for staff each semester
    Environmental Performance
•    Top UK university for waste management
•    Top regional university in Business in the
     Environment’s annual environmental index
      •Assessment includes policy, management
      structure, performance and communication
      •Improvements each year
•    Success breeds success

                                 2002    2003     2004    2005   2006
              Overall score (%) 65       67.6     75.72   88.6   91.1

              Overall rank       63/120 59/142 56/154 23/145 22/117

              Sector rank        4/7     5/8      5/8     2/8    1/7
Final thoughts

There are things that can be done!
   • Quick wins
   • Lots of staff & students participating in a small way
     makes a big difference
Target setting, monitoring & reporting are high priority
Consultation with staff & students is essential
   • why you should be involved
   • what you can do
   • use ideas & knowledge for work and at home