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					Waste Management & Recycling

Dr Keith Pitcher      Environmental Officer
 email:      k.f.pitcher@leeds.ac.uk

Janet Willis           Cleaning Services Manager
email:       j.m.willis@leeds.ac.uk

web:        www.leeds.ac.uk/environmental

 Why bother?
 Environmental Policy
 Development of the waste management programme
 Cleaning services
 How staff get involved
 Benefits
Why bother?

• Annual increases in waste collected
• Increases in waste disposal costs
• Landfill tax had risen to £15/tonne and was expected to
  rise by £3/tonne/annum to £30/tonne
• Paper & cardboard recycling for 10 years but no recent
  increases
• Some computer recycling
• We wanted to make big improvements in performance
  and attitude
Environmental Policy

The University’s Environmental Policy We will conduct our own activities and
says:                                 operations to reflect best environmental
                                      practice, implement an environmental
                                      management system (EMS) to pursue
                                      sustainability and continuous improvement
                                      and seek innovative ways of meeting
                                      environmental objectives.
Our EMS:
    •identifies & prioritises activities with environmental effects:
        •reducing carbon dioxide emissions
        •managing our waste & increasing recycling
        •purchasing in a more sustainable manner
    •begins a culture that embraces environmental best practice; and
    •sets and monitors targets for environment improvement.
Office Waste Recycling Objectives

• Review our performance
• See what other European and regional organisations
  had achieved
• Design and implement a recycling scheme
   •our cleaning services team a key asset
• Develop a communication programme
• Monitor performance
• Let staff, students and stakeholders know how we are
  doing
Recycling performance

UK: 11%
Switzerland, Germany & Austria: 50%

                  Glass   Aluminium   Steel
UK                25%     38%         30%
Switzerland       93%     89%
Germany                               80%


University: 16%
Defra’s waste strategy 2000

Aspirational targets
• Recover value from 45% of municipal waste by 2010, at
  least 30% through recycling and composting
• Recover value from 2/3rds of municipal waste by 2015, at
  least half through recycling/composting. Go beyond this in
  long term.
Waste management audits




   ‘I was shocked and appalled by our visit to the waste site yesterday; within 5 minutes I
   was knee deep in paper and books. These were not isolated incidences but originated
   from across the university community.’ – Quote from Environmental Co-ordinator
Waste management audits
Skips
What could be recycled and how?

• More paper (> 50%)
• Plastics, cans, glass, computers
    •Discussions held with companies who would provide
    campus storage facilities and collect these
• High quality slimline bins selected
    •Need to be visible, near offices
Pilot recycling scheme

• 4 offices chosen for pilot
• Discussions held with senior managers, info sent to staff
• New recycling bins provided on each floor for plastics,
  cans, glass and waste
    •Locations agreed with office manager
    •Fire officer involved to ok principles
• Lots of new paper recycling bins installed
    •corridors, photocopiers, print rooms, admin offices
• In 3 offices waste bins remained, in one office bins were
  removed
Pilot recycling scheme - results

• Initial period for settling in
• Increasing no. of staff had started recycling at home, so
  recycling at work was not a problem
• Fine tune where necessary
• Accept that for a small minority change is difficult
• Cleaning staff found change ok
    •refocus cleaning away from bin emptying
    •sometimes GOM wanted bin back
    •training where cleaning staff changes (sickness, holidays)
Pilot recycling scheme - results


                  Description            Recycling

Offices before scheme implemented          24%

Waste bins remained – voluntary scheme     28%

Waste bins removed                         62%
Rollout

• Results taken to university environmental steering group
   • business case for campus rollout
   • £120k investment in recycling bins, 3 year payback
   • expenditure phased over 3 years
   • policy approved
   • rollout must include buyin and communication with
     heads of school, staff and students
• Waste management group established to look at other
  initiatives, monitor progress and report
• Staff environmental co-ordinators help develop and
  implement recycling in their school/department
Recycling performance

Audits carried out post scheme implementation
                                       Pre    Post recycling %
   • Mechanical Engineering            24     56
   • Civil Engineering                 25     48
   • SPEME                             10     44
   • Estate Services                   24     62
   • Psychiatry                               59
   • LUU (1st floor)                          75
75% complete across campus, finish in next 6 months
Student projects

• 2nd year school of environment undergrad carried out first
  office waste audits
• MSc civil engineering student carried out further audits and
  staff/student attitude surveys pre and post recycling
Staff: Attitude and Opinion
Surveys

               Before: Level of satisfaction with                                                 After: Level of satisfaction with
           recycling facilities provided (civ eng Staff)                                     recycling facilities provided (civ eng staff)


   department 5          14              45                   32                     department         9               48                   22         17        4


     University              32               41                   27
                                                                                                    4              43                        39              13
                                                                                      University

 local authority        14             45                18         23
                                                                                                   0%         20%            40%       60%        80%         100%

             UK 5             27              36               27
                                                                                         v.satisfied        satisfied        neutral   dissatisfied     v.dissatisfied

                   0%         20%       40%        60%        80%        100%


   v.satisfied     satisfied        neutral    dissatisfied         v.dissatisfied
Recycling



            Mech eng




            LIGHT

                       The VC said ‘The office waste
                       recycling scheme has already been a
                       great success, but we need everyone
                       to take part if we are going to make a
                       real and permanent difference.’
2005 recycling summary

 1772 tonnes of waste from campus and 26.6% recycled
    • 323 t waste paper
    • 25 t cardboard
    • 1440 electrical & electronic items
        •183 computers reused by departments
        •150 donated to schools in Lesotho and Kenya
        •printer & photocopier cartridges & toners – charities
        supported by university obtain income
    • 6000 chemical bottles returned & reused
    • batteries, wood, furniture, cooking oil recycling - staff
      suggestions
2006 (Jan – Aug) summary

 704 tonnes of waste from campus
    • 225 t waste paper
    • 20 t cardboard
    • 4.7 t plastics
    • 1.9 t cans
    • 9.1 t glass
    • 47 t electrical & electronic items
         •0.44 tonnes printer & photocopier cartridges & toners
    • 49 t wood & furniture
Recycling performance
                      2,000

                      1,800
                                                                                                                  Cooking oil
                                                                                                                  Batteries
                      1,600
                                                                                                                  Mobile phones
                      1,400                                                                                       Toners
                                                                                                                  Wood
  Quantity (tonnes)




                      1,200                                                                                       Chemical bottles
                                                                                                                  Fluoro tubes
                      1,000
                                                                                                                  Computers

                       800                                                                                        Plastics
                                                                                                                  Aluminium cans
                       600                                                                                        Glass
                                                                                                                  Cardboard
                       400                                                                                        Paper
                                                                                                                  Refuse
                       200

                         0
                              (Mar-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Dec)   (Jan-Aug)

                                2000        2001        2002        2003        2004        2005        2006

% recycled                       17.5%       14.8%       18.4%      16.9%        19.6%       26.6%       34.5%
Cleaning Services

•Role of cleansing operatives has changed
  • One additional post of Cleansing Operative
  • Cleaning of External campus/ emptying litter bins etc. still continues but now
     focus more on collection of recycled products
  • Work more physical (50 tonnes of computers moved this year)
• Role of Cleansing Supervisor has changed
  • Workload increased
  • Increased customer contact
  • Improved dialogue with departments
  • Lots of compliments
• Role of cleaners
  • Less time spent unlocking individual office doors to empty bins
  • Greater emphasis on cleaning rather than removal of waste
  • Fully supportive of scheme, ideas coming forward for further improvements
  • Staff now more aware of environmental issues
Closing the loop

  • Paper: 43 million sheets A4
    used per year
  • Recycled paper assessed and
    is now the preferred paper
  • Duplex laser printers save
    paper and cartridges
  • Product recycling rollout being
    developed with Recycling
    Action Yorkshire and WRAP
      • Office products
      • Construction waste
How to get involved

32 Environmental Co-ordinators have been appointed from staff
   Principal roles:


• act as a focus for co-ordinating environmental issues
• take forward ideas from staff and students
• promote environmental issues
    • energy saving, water audits, building design, transport,
      waste management
• deliver culture change
Training
SDDU run a Go Green training seminar for staff each semester
    Environmental Performance
•    Top UK university for waste management
•    Top regional university in Business in the
     Environment’s annual environmental index
      •Assessment includes policy, management
      structure, performance and communication
      •Improvements each year
•    Success breeds success



                                 2002    2003     2004    2005   2006
              Overall score (%) 65       67.6     75.72   88.6   91.1

              Overall rank       63/120 59/142 56/154 23/145 22/117

              Sector rank        4/7     5/8      5/8     2/8    1/7
Final thoughts

There are things that can be done!
   • Quick wins
   • Lots of staff & students participating in a small way
     makes a big difference
Target setting, monitoring & reporting are high priority
Consultation with staff & students is essential
   • why you should be involved
   • what you can do
   • use ideas & knowledge for work and at home
see: www.leeds.ac.uk/environmental

				
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