Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Autism - Download Now DOC

VIEWS: 41 PAGES: 7

									Autism
Children of autism incidence in modern society, more and more, more and more come
to be recognized as a by the brain, nerves, and genetic syndrome caused by the lesions.
Symptoms mainly for social interaction and language communication barriers, as well
as interest and abnormal behavior.
Children with autism is a pervasive developmental disorder, with serious, widespread
social interaction and communication skills as well as damage to the rigid behavior,
interests and activities characteristic of mental illness. The common causes and
factors, including genetic, brain organic diseases, psychosocial factors. Because
children with autism early age of onset, specific symptoms, there is no effective
treatment, but has not been completely cured of the disease. More unified view is key
to early detection, early intervention, behavioral intervention and special education
through the training methods to enhance their self- care in daily life, cognitive, social
interaction and adapt to society. Specific clinical interventions more effective methods
of behavior intervention, structured education, language training.
It should be said that this is a verge of greatness in recent years to address a disease,
in the past also, but relatively few are concerned. However, changes in incidence is
due to more complete diagnostic methods and the general public related to become
popular. According to U.S. statistics, the incidence of mental retardation and autism
curve just as in the opposite direction. It can be seen that the incidence of autism
increased more due to the abnormal lack of relevant previous research and diagnostic
tools, and so many autistic children are diagnosed with mental retardation. The
incidence rate of autism in the United States extreme of 14.9. Accord ing to worldwide
statistics, the incidence of autism is about five ten thousandths, has a total population
of China is the number of available estimates, about half a million autistic. The
disease incidence significantly different between men and women, the prevalence of
men and women in our country the ratio of 4:1.
The basic features of autism
In general, children with autism appears before age three basic characteristics of any
of the following three aspects:

?
(A) Social development:


Not interested in things on the outside, not aware of the existence of others;

?
Lack of eye contact with people, not active with people, to share or participate in
activities;

?
In the group office, the copy will be weak, unable to grasp the social skills, lack of
cooperative;
?
Imagination is weak, little by toys symbolic games.

?
(B) of the communication:

?
Retardation and impaired language development, speech content, speed, and tone
abnormalities;

?
Understanding of language and nonverbal communication have varying degrees of
difficulty;

?
May lack verbal communication skills.

?
(C) behavior:

?
In daily life, adhere to certain practices and procedures, refused to change the habits
and practices, and to repeat some action;

?
Narrow interest, will be extremely monographs on certain objects, or objects or
specific parts of the shape of objects of particular interest.

?
In addition, children with autism may also be associated with the following
characteristics:

?
(1) perception mode:

?
Certain sounds, colors, food will have restless or light or strong response;

?
On the cold, heat, pain response is weak, so the lack of awareness of risk behaviors
and appropriate responses;

?
Will continue to turn the body or objects with unusual methods to explore, to indulge
themselves in some kind of sensory stimulation.

?
(2) development:


About 30 percent of normal intellectual development, 70% had delayed cognitive or
IQ at 70 or below;

?
Capacity development in all aspects of uneven development and general and children
differ.

?
(3) emotional and behavioral aspects:


Because of communication difficulties, coupled with failure to adapt to changes, it is
more vulnerable to emotional or environmental stimuli, the performance of impulse or
harmful behavior.

?
(4) habits:

?
Will resist a taste, color, or have not eaten, thus creating serious eclipse behavior;

?
The situation will be difficult to sleep.

?
(5) Strengths and Interests:


Some patients may have abnormalities of memory;

?
Personal interests and skills may be particularly strong in the performance.

?
(6) Social aspects:
Very little eye contact with others, do not pay attention to other people's
expressions and emotions change, more difficult words from others, behavior infer
other people's thoughts, desires and intentions or understanding of other
people's feelings.

?
Sometimes there will be inappropriate emotional expression and social be havior, such
as laughing at someone is not happy when, in some cases not appropriate to say so, or
fails to share the joy with others.
The main symptoms of autism
1. Social barriers to communication with others, generally showed a lack of
communication or communication skills, and parent attachment relationship between
the lack of security.

?
2. Language retardation language communication barriers, or after normal language
development language regression, lack of communication or language nature.

?
3. Repeat stereotyped behaviors.

?
4. Mental abnormality 70% of children with autism mental retardation, but these
children may be stronger in some capacity, 20% of the intelligence in the normal
range, about 10% of the most intelligent, most children with good memories,
especially in mechanical memory of.

?
5. Feeling anomaly appears dull pain, particularly on some of the fear of sounds or
images, or preferences.

?
6. Other common behaviors include hyperactivity, distraction, anger, attack,
self- injury, etc.. Such behavior may be related to parent education in the use of
beatings or punishment more certain extent.
Types of Autism
1. No Language: usually considered a problem hearing or aphasia

?
2. Immediate imitation, said: There are changes in imitation of that communication is
considered autistic children to express the intention, but not flexible simulation that
most do not have the intention to communicate.

?
3. Delayed imitation: a period of time after the endless repetition of certain words,
idioms, sentence, the whole poem or song, the same will also be communicating or
non-communication of the points, which usually acts and situations, stress has been
linked .

?
4. Speak without emotion: just to tell you, not talking to you, do not generally speak
of a question and answer, one to one to feature.

?
5. Can not grasp the tone, volume: speak like a puppet general, very mechanical, not
through voice tone, rhythm, cadence to express emotions or feelings. Can not be used
in different contexts with different volume.

?
6. Meaning can not change: such as schools and correction, can not tell their
pronunciation.

?
7. Synonymous reverse: "You," "I",
"he" and other pronouns are confusing phenomenon.

?
8. Clear concept of positive and negative: often use "no", but
seldom use will not even use the "yes" or
"good."

?
9. Immature grammatical structure: will use their own language, usually only regular
contact with his talent to understand the hidden meaning of its language.

?
10. Few questions: In addition to obsessive behavior, they rarely ask questions to ask.

?
11. Fixing of: Whether context changes, a statement repeated and remembered.

?
12. Will not use the language of causality: if, because, so, so, if such terms.
Details of the performance of autism
(1) lonely solitude, not to establish normal contacts with people

?
That is the lack of interaction with people. The tendency of exchange, and some
children from infancy since the performance of this feature, such as young age and the
parents are not parents, not like dignitaries hold, when people want to pick up his
hand when the performance is not expected to pick up the position do not take the
initiative to look for children to play, when someone asked him to play the
performance of escape, did not respond to the call, always like himself alone, his play.
Although some children do not rejected the performance of others, but not to interact
with children, or lack of social interaction skills, such as when looking for children
who are not suddenly shoot what is pulling people who look or sudden hug about the
past, and then himself went away like shooting people, pulling people not to find
someone to contact but only an action, or that there is only one form of contact, no
contact with people's content and purpose. Their isolation is also reflected
in the things around do not care, seems to turn a deaf ear, blind eye, he was willing to
do on how to do, no scruples, no one else, what is happening around him seem to have
nothing to do, hard to arouse his interest and Note that the eye constantly changing
and difficult to stay in someone else asked him to pay attention to the things above,
they seem to live in their own little world. Also their eyes are not watching each other
or even avoid each other's eyes, normal activities are also wandering eye, a
human often eyes narrowed, strabismus, or peripheral vision and so little to address
the performance rarely smile and greeting from no.

?
(2) The language barrier is very conspicuous

?
Most children with language rarely, severe cases almost non- life language, would say
that would use the vocabulary is limited, and even if some children say, are often
reluctant to speak and gesture rather be replaced. Some will say, but the sound is very
small, very low or monotonous repetition of the words to herself. Some children will
imitate other people said so, and will not use their own language to talk. Many
children will not ask or answer questions, just repeat other people's
questions. Language exchanges, often manifested in the confusion of the use of
reverse pronouns, such as the commonly used "you" and
"he" instead of himself. There are a lot of screaming children
with autism often appear, which sometimes can last 5 to 6 years old or more.

?
(3) interest in a narrow, stereotyped behavior repeated, strong demand environment
will remain unchanged

?
Children with autism often focus on a long period of time or a few games or activities,
such as fascinated by rotating the lid, monotonous building blocks in place, eager to
watch TV commercials and weather, children usually like the face of animation,
children's television, film is no interest, some children eat the same food
every day, go out to go the same route as the toilet bowel requirements, if any change
is crying row show significant anxiety, not willing to change its original form the
habits and behavior, it is difficult to adapt to the new environment, the majority of
children with no purpose but also the performance of activities, hyperactivity,
monotonous repeated jumping, clapping, waving, running, spin, and some are even
self- injury self- mutilation, such as repeatedly picking your nose, pull the mouth, Yao
Chun, sucking and other activities.

?
(4) Most mental retardation and imbalance

?
Most slow mental development than children the same age, few children with normal
or near normal intelligence. However, in some aspect of intellectual activity has some
surprisingly good, incredibly, many children with a strong mechanical memory,
especially for symbols of the memory. If bit 3,4-year-old children particularly like
literacy, see what the word on the initiative asked to study, and only asked once to
remember, so he can effortlessly fluent in reading story book for children, shows that
he mastered many vocabulary, but not to the meaning of words to express his obvious
difficulties when the shows that they exist to understand and using the language
ability damage.
?

								
To top