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Architects Kirby Italy (Le Corbusier, 1887 年 to 1965, the French architect) is last century&#39;s greatest architect. Swiss architect and city planner Kirby Italy (Le Corbusier), published since 1919 Universal Declaration of pure doctrine and proposed forms of modern machines and architecture links together the theory, the planning program of many important buildings, such as the Paris Exposition of Switzerland Hall, North Africa, Algiers and other cities, building on the concept of far-reaching future generations. Le Corbusier (Le Corbusier1887 -1 965 on October 6 on August 27), born Charles Edouard Jeannert-Gris, is the most important architects of the 20th century is one of modern architecture movement of militants and the Lord . He and 瓦尔特格罗 Pius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and as an international form of modern construction camp or construction camp, the main representative. Kirby agreed to do another translation. His rich and varied architectural works and passionate philosophy profoundly influenced 20th-century urban landscape and contemporary way of life, from the early years of the white family villas, apartments Marseille to Ronchamp Chapel, converted from Paris, planning to chang Calcutta Metro, from &quot;Towards a New Architecture&quot; to &quot;Modular,&quot; he changing architecture and urban thinking, and always will be his followers far behind. Modern architecture of Le Corbusier is an insurmountable peak, an inexhaustible source of architectural ideas. Le Corbusier was born in northwest Switzerland near the French border town, the parents engaged in watch making, watch Junior technical schools had at home learning, interested in art, 1907, to Budapest and Paris, has studied architecture in Paris to the use of reinforced concrete to the famous architect 奥古斯特贝瑞 the school, and later to Germany Behrens firm, Peter Behrens firm to try a new approach of building construction and design of new industrial known, where he met while working there 瓦尔特格罗 Pius and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who have influence each other, and together create a modern architectural thinking. He also traveled to Greece and Turkey, visit visit the ancient building and civil construction. Le Corbusier in 1917 settled in Paris, while engaged in painting and sculpture, Cubism and avant-garde painters and poets edited magazine &quot;new spirit&quot;, according to his grandfather&#39;s last name to take the pseudonym Le Corbusier, he In the first period wrote: &quot;a new era began, it is rooted in a new spirit, You Mingquemubiao of a kind of constructive and integrated newcomers spirit.&quot; He later issued some of the Qi Zhong Guan Yu finishing construction of the articles collected and published the book booklet &quot;Towards a New Architecture&quot;, fierce denial of conservative since the nineteenth century architectural point of view, revivalist architectural styles, praised the achievements of modern industry, that &quot;our time is a day to determine their own style &quot;in praise of engineers working method,&quot; Engineer of economic rules driven guided by the mathematical formula that led us to the laws of nature Yi Zhi, to the harmony. &quot;that&quot; housing is a living machine &quot;, advocated large-scale Di Fang Fa Yi industry&#39;s build houses, &quot;Architectural primary mission is to promote lower costs, reduce the housing of the components.&quot; emphasis on architectural design, &quot;the original form is a form of beauty&quot;, to honor the simple geometry. Le Corbusier&#39;s architectural design into full play the characteristics of the frame structure, as load-bearing wall Bu Zai, you can design large lateral windows, some of his design had not been accepted by people, many of the design was rejected, but these structures and designed by other architects in the future form of popularization and application, such as the back layer of the apartments, cable Jiegou the exhibition hall, etc., he was in the construction design of the many ways a pioneer of modern architecture design produces a very wide impact. Le Corbusier also proposed many ideas on urban planning, he was opposed to big cities against the trend, Zhu Zhang&#39;s new urban planning that in the modern technological conditions, completely Ke Yi Ji to maintain the population density, You Xingcheng quiet health of the urban environment and the first high-rise buildings and the interchange of ideas, is very far-sighted. 20 and 30 years, he always stood in the forefront of the development trend of building, architectural design and urban planning played a role in promoting the modernization. During World War II, he fled to the countryside, and later to India and work in Africa, the post-war architectural style, he clearly has changed, shifted emphasis from a focus on functional forms; shift from emphasis on importance of modern industrial technology experience in civil construction; smooth shift from the pursuit of smooth pursuit of the sometimes rough old is the original taste. Therefore, the new building after the war, he is still the leading schools. His design philosophy until his death, all of the great architects of the world&#39;s enlightening. His designs often very controversial, he designed the church of Notre Dame Long Hong strange appearance, so old school indignant, but was regarded as a classic innovators. League of Nations headquarters in Geneva, he designed the program caused controversy over the assessment time, head, and finally by the politicians ruled. His Marseille apartment, by the French Landscape Protection Association filed a complaint, but later became the local attractions; his Algiers to do the planning and architectural design by the municipal authorities rejected, but later one of the back layer by layer design been Many coastal countries in Africa and the Middle East adopted by Le. Corbusier - The five features of the new building Masters of modern architecture, the most important architects of this century, one of the positive movement of modern architecture into the molecular and Lord. In 1928 he and W · Gropius, close Sifandeluo organization of the International Association of Modern Architecture Le Corbusier modernist architectural aesthetics of the main advocates of the important founders of the machine, in 1923 published his masterpiece &quot;to the new building,&quot; the book proposed house is &quot;living machines.&quot; 1926, proposed new construction of five characteristics: 1. Housing bottom with the independent pillar; 2. Rooftop garden; 3. The free surface; 4. Lateral window; 5. Free facade. His innovative ideas and unique insight is thinking of building a strong academic impact. Representative works of this period is Villa Savoy (1928-1930), Baliruishi student apartments, villas platform. Savoy Villas: Building the ideal embodiment - the three elements of light air and the new green building the perfect combination of five points. A set of building system - slab-column load-bearing system Social ideal - standardized components, machines, able to take social responsibility. Reflects the psychological depths of the Europeans wiped away the classical complex After World War II, his style has obviously changed, its characteristics reflected in the organic form of free Type of exploration and performance of materials, especially like the performance after the ejection of water without the decoration of reinforced concrete, such as the Brutalist style, named after (or New Brutalist) represents the works of Marseilles apartment, Ronchamp Chapel, Chang Chandigarh court, drawing spit hai Abbey, among which Ronchamp Chapel of the external form and internal mystery beyond the scope of Christianity, back to the stone age prehistoric grave form, is considered the boutique of modern architecture. Le Corbusier is also a city planning expert, he engaged in a large number of studies of urban planning and design of representative works planning, Chandigarh, India. Langxiang Church: Citroen bearing system, the shape in the design, wall bending. There are three major space around a small shrine, is up for each of the upper roots of the &quot;tower.&quot; Out on the roof outside. Significant difference between the various elevations. Homes as the ideological source of the Mediterranean, the internal spatial relationship with the Pantheon and the surrounding space within the hall similar treatment. Its architectural shape and space permits 明 柯 布 西 耶 with extraordinary imagination, but also reflects the image of the characteristics of modern Western religious Le Corbusier Residential Design - architectural design of origin: All of Le Corbusier with the residential design-related career, and his greatest contribution is residential, and residential space is the first carrier is a direct relation, it can be measured through the design of a residential home construction is excellent. Through analysis of these small residential models, understand all of Le Corbusier on the design for each new artistic conception. Le Corbusier in his native Switzerland in 1905 designed the first residential building is entirely residential local native style, inside and outside is full of geometric decoration, two-story, owner of the house is a jewel in commercial art school, because Le Corbusier teacher&#39;s introduction completed the construction this maiden, when he was 17 years old. 1914 by Le Corbusier had foreseen the domino-type residential building in the birth of modern times, he has designed for the mass production type worker housing, there are white Shi Yan Building Group, including the minimum limit of the house, while Cobb invented for non- skilled workers in the building method, because regional differences in the design of local residential areas are Cobb, one of Le Corbusier&#39;s work very much like the construction industry, an anthropologist, he is the type of housing around the world and are interested in , Cobb has also launched non-Western European circle hut modeled on the original residential research, in order to house the victims of war and the Dimensions system, etc.. Through a wide range of residential design, table 达柯布西耶 human care. Le Corbusier building is imaginative architects: Le Corbusier was an imaginative architect, his interpretation of the ideal city, insights on the natural environment and strong traditional beliefs and respect are quite unique. As an internationally influential architects and urban planners, public style, he is a good application of rare talent --- he can fashion rolling elements and rough, delicate factors such as the perfect combination. He grid, cube design, often with simple geometry, the general square, circular and triangular and other graphics into seemingly simple model. As an artist, Le Corbusier know how to control the volume, surface and contour, as he created a lot of abstract sculpture also reflects this pattern. Therefore, in Le Corbusier&#39;s design, by a large number of patterns to produce a vivid visual effects of dominance of its kind architectural model building into the situation as an artist in clay sculpture and mold on the same cut. Through careful design, in bright and dark contrast of light, he succeeded in maximizing the limited space and can produce good visual effect. ? Learning to master, to pay tribute to the Masters. ?
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