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Gallagher, Joe- Winningwiththe Kings Gambit

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					                                                               Contents

                                                               Introduction
                                                               1 Fischer Defence
Henry H o l t and Company, Inc.
                                                               2 Cunningham Defence
hbllshers since 1866
115 W e s t 18th Street                                        3 Kieseritzky Gambit
New York, New York 10011                                       4 Modern Defence
                                                               5 3...a   c6
Henry ~ o l t @ a registered trademark
              is                                               6 Becker Defence
of Henry Holt a n d Company, Inc.                              7 Schallop Defence
Copyright O 1992 by Joe Gallagher                              8 Rare Third Moves
All rights reserved.                                           9 Falkbeer Coun ter-Gambit
First published i n the United S a t e s in 1993 by            10 Nimzowitsch Counter-Gambit
Henry H o l t and Company. Inc.                                11 Classical Defence
Originally published in Great Britain in 1992 by                2
                                                               1 Second Move Alternatives
B. T. Batsford Ltd.
                                                               index o f Variations
library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 92-56734

ISBN 0-805&2631-2 (An Owl Book: ~ b k . )


First American Editior1993

Printed in the United Kingdom
All f l r s t editions are printed o n acld-free paper.   ol




Adviser: R. D. Keene, GM. OBE
Technical Editor: Andrew Kinsman
Symbols                      Introduction

  +       Check
  ++      Double check
  !       Good move
  !!      Excellent move
  ?       Bad move
  ??      Blunder
  !?      Interesting move
  ?!      Dubious move
  1-0     White wins
  0-1     Black wins
 $ 4 2    Draw
  Ch      Championship
  01      Olympiad
  Corr.   Correspondence     The King's Gambit is, of course, a n opening with a g r e a t
                             history, b u t f o r t h e larger p a r t of t h i s century i t has been
                             lying d o r m a n t , a r a r e visitor to tournament practice.
                             However, I a m inclined to t a k e t h e optimistic view and
                             regard i t s demise a s purely a m a t t e r of fashion.
                                 The Spanish Game ( o r Ruy Lopez, who incidentally w a s
                             t h e f i r s t person to publish King's Gambit analysis) has
                             now ruled t h e open game f o r c o u n t l e s s years, b u t there is
                             evidence t h a t i t s reign could be drawing to a close. The
                             l a s t f e w years have witnessed a n upsurge in t h e popularity
                             of Scotch's, Vienna's and Four Knights', including a t t h e
                             highest level - Kasparov used t h e Scotch with success in
                             his l a t e s t match with Karpov, a n d S h o r t employed various
                             antiquated s y s t e m s in his m o s t recent Candidates' t u s s l e
                             with Speelman, even a couple of King's Gambit Declineds
                             by transposition. J believe i t can only b e a m a t t e r of time
                             before t h e King's Gambit (proper) joins in this revolution.
                             I know t h a t many players have been toying with t h e idea
                             of introducing t h e King's Gambit i n t o their repertoire, b u t
                             have n o t y e t found t h e courage to push t h a t f-pawn t w o
8 Introduction
s q u a r e s o n their second move. My hope is t h a t t h i s book
will help to allay many of their fears.
     Winning With the King's Gambit, a s t h e t i t l e should in-
f o r m you, is a look at t h i s opening f r o m t h e White point
of view. Whilst I have endeavoured to remain as objective
as possible in my a s s e s s m e n t s of positions, much more
                                                                                 1) Fischer Defence
time has been devoted to finding new ideas f o r White,
r a t h e r t h a n a t t e m p t i n g to r e f u t e existing theory where
White already s t a n d s well. I s e e t h i s as a t a s k f o r o u r fut-
ure opponents.                                                                          1      e4          eS               ing move", was how h e de-
    The theoretical revival of t h e King's Gambit i s really                           2      f4          ef               scribed 3 ... d6.
n o t t h a t surprising, as i t has always been based o n sound                        3     Qf3          d6 (2)                The main point of t h e
positional principles. if Black a c c e p t s t h e gambit, t h e n                                                         variation i s d e m o n s t r a t e d
White i s normally a b l e to build a s t r o n g c e n t r e and if                                                        a f t e r t h e moves 4 d 4 gS S
Black gives ( o r l o s e s ) t h e pawn back, White will a l s o                                                           h4 g4. White d o e s n o t have
achieve a space advantage o n t h e kingside. When Black                                                                    t h e possibility of 6 QeS, as
plays t o keep t h e material with ... gS, t h e n White usually                                                            in t h e Kieseritzky Gambit.
d o e s b e s t to undermine t h e pawn chain a s quickly a s                                                               Therefore he h a s t o g o 'all
possible by playing h 4 (see t h e c h a p t e r s o n Fischer o r                                                          in' with 6 &S ( n o t t o be
Kieseritzky, f o r example), forcing Black to advance ... g4,                                                               recommended, I'm afraid)
which can o f t e n lead to a wrecked kingside.                                                                             or r e t u r n t o base with t h e
    The f o r m a t o f t h i s book is o n e which i s becoming in-                                                        r a t h e r sad-looking 6 &l
creasingly popular and involves studying t h e opening                                                                      (3). when a u i t e a comical
t h r o u g h a series of a n n o t a t e d games. This is extremely                Over t h e l a s t few y e a r s        position h a s arisen o n t h e
important, as i t enables t h e reader to familiarise himself                   t h i s variation h a s developed           board - a f t e r s i x moves
(or herself) with t h e middlegame positions (and occasion-                     i n t o t h e m o s t popular way           neither side has managed
ally endgames) which arise f r o m t h e King's Gambit.                         of accepting t h e gambit.                  to g e t a piece off t h e back
    This i s a book f o r t h e practical player ( b u t a l s o o n e who      Personally, I feel q u i t e                rank!
will appreciate t h e special buzz around this opening), and                    happy a b o u t t h i s as Black
f o r t h a t reason n o t a l l variations of t h e King's Gambit a r e        s e e m s t o b e s t r u g g l i n g in
included, b u t only t h o s e which o f f e r White good chances               m o s t o f t h e lines. I only
of obtaining t h e advantage. However, t h e chosen variat-                     hope t h a t t h i s c h a p t e r
ions have been analysed in depth, as o f t e n i t can b e just                 won't frighten off any pot-
as i m p o r t a n t t o know which variations a r e bad (and why)              ential opponents!
as to which are good. The repertoire i s based o n t h e                            A f t e r his f a m o u s d e f e a t
King's Knight Gambit, so my apologies to t h o s e f a n s of                   against Spassky at Mar del
t h e Bishop's, and various o t h e r third move gambits, b u t                 Plata 1960, t h e g r e a t Bobby
my advice to you i s to s t a r t playing 3 Q f 3 .                             decided to r e f u t e t h e King's
                                                                                Gambit. In t h e s u m m e r o f
                                                                                1961, t h e American Chess                     At t h e moment, Black i s
                                                                                Quarterly published his an-                 a pawn up b u t f 4 i s serious-
                                                                                alysis. "A high-class wait-                 ly weak and, if White man-
10 Fischer Defence                                                                                                  Fischer Defence 11
ages t o restore material         Dutch player Bosboom has            Qf6, 6 ... Qh6 and 6 ... e f 6 ,           8   ...        Qxh4+
equality without any side-        experimented with S Qc3,            will be considered in games                9   w           cS! (5)
effects, Black's punctured        his idea being 5 ... g 4 6          4 t o 8.                               This new idea of Con-
kingside will not allow him       Qxf4 and o n with t h e game.              7 gf                        quest's certainly seems t o
an easy game. Let's have a        His game with Ermenkov,                7 QgS can b e seen in           be Black's b e s t try. After 9
look at s o m e games to see      Amsterdam 1985, continued           games 2 and 3, whilst 7 Qe3        ... Q c 6 10 Q c 3 a f 6 (or 10 ...
how Black a t t e m p t s to      instead: 5 ... Qg7 6 h4 g 4 (6      occurred in t h e game Popo-       QgS 11 f 4 Qf6 and White's
solve his problems.               ... h6 should be considered)        vic - Spassky, New York            centre is stronger than
                                  7 Q g l Q c 6 8 QbS Qd7 9           1986. However, a f t e r 7 ...     Black's passed pawns) 11
           Game 1                 Qxc6 b c 10 Qxf4 Q e 7 11 hS       Qe7 8 a f 2 a f 6 9 gf &8 10        QbS Qd7 12 Oxc6 b c 13 f g
                 -
   Gellagher Conquest             with advantage to White.
                                  Further t e s t s awaited!
                                                                     Qg2 Q c 6 11 Q c 3 gf 12 Qxf3
                                                                     &4, Black had t h e initia-
                                                                                                         White held t h e advantage
                                                                                                         in Gallagher - Konrad,
   British Champiomhip,
      Blackpool 1988                      s  ...         g4           tive                               Lloyds Bank 1985.
                                          6 ag1                              7  ...         Qe7
       1 e4          eS              As already mentioned, 6                 8 Qe3
       2 f4          ef           Q g S r u n s into trouble. Not        This sensible developing
       3 Qf3         d6           because of 6 ... h6 though,        move minimises t h e dis-
       4 d4                       as a f t e r 7 Q x f 7 White has   ruptive value of the check
   White does have o t h e r      a decent version of t h e All-     on h4. During t h e game I
possibilities, b u t 4 d 4 i s    gaier Gambit (if there i s         was sorely tempted to play
clearly t h e m o s t critical.   such a thing), b u t 6 ... f6!     8 hS b u t couldn't quite
However, t h e plan of 0 c 4      and a f t e r 7 a h 3 gh 8 $hS+    summon up t h e courage t o
followed by d 3 i s also in-      @d7 9 Qxf4 @e8! 10 @f3             do so. Only Mark Hebden
teresting and can be seen         @d8 'White doesn't have            has, in his game with R.
later in games 9 and 10.          enough f o r t h e piece           Alvares, Costa del Sol 1987,                0
                                                                                                                1 *I!?
       4   ...       gs           (Fischer).                         which continued: 8 ... &h4+            10 c3 also deserves con-
   Other moves have been                  6  ...         f3!? (4)    9 @e2 (Not such a pretty            sideration, b u t at t h e time I
tried from time to time                                              place f o r the king, b u t w e     was afraid t h a t 1 wouldn't
without much success, f o r                                          still have o u r h-pawn) 9 ...      be able t o support my cen-
example: 4 ... Q f 6 S Qc3                                           gf+ 10 Q x f 3 Q g 4 11 @d3 Q c 6   tre, a s i t would come under
Q h S 6 Qe2 (maybe 6 @d3,                                            12 c3 QeS+?! (1 have a vague        heavy pressure from moves
B d 2 and 0-0-0) 6 ... Q g 4 7                                       memory of looking at 12 ...         such as ... Qc6, ... &f6, ...
0-0 c6 (7 ... g6 8 QdS) 8                                            fS with Mark and a f t e r 13       e b 6 etc.
Qel! a x e 2 9 $xe2 g6 10 a d 3                                      Qh3 fe+ 14 Cgxe4 Q f 6 + 15                I0 ...        cd
leaves White with a clear                                            @d3 coming t o t h e con-                  1 e x d 4 Qf6
                                                                                                                 1
advantage.                                                           clusion t h a t Black's king              iz @a2         Qcs
       5 h4                                                          was in more trouble than                  13 Qc3         Be6
   S a c 4 i s illogical: if                                         White's. Maybe we were                    14 Q d S      QxdS?!
'White wants to play this he        Black decides t o give           drunk!) 13 d e de+ 14 @e3!            After this, White has
should play i t on t h e fourth   back his pawn in order to          e x d l IS QbS+ c6 16 Bxdl c b      very good play f o r the
move, as then Black is            disrupt t h e white kingside.      17 Bd5 and White had t h e          pawn; 14 ... Qg7 looks
forced play ... h6. The           The other possibilities: 6 ...     better endgame.                     better. I'm s u r e White has
12 Fischer Defence                                                                                                          Fischer Defence 13
some compensation, b u t                                                              2 f4           ef        something like 9 Qe3 fS
t h e position is such a mess                                                         3 Qf3          d6        with a good game. Now 9
i t is hard t o define exactly                                                        4 d4           gs        Qh6 fS 10 &7! Qxh4+ 1 @dl    1
what. Maybe it's his safer                                                            S h4           g4        and any compensation Black
king!                                                                                 6 Qg1          f3        appears t o have is just illu-
         1 ed
           s              QeS                                                         7 &S                     sory. For example: 11 ... f e
         16 f 4           Qd7                                                   To my knowledge, this is 12 Qxh8 &S 13 @el! By skil-
         17 BhS!                                                            the f i r s t time 7 QgS had fully manoeuvring his king
    Black is prevented from                                                 been played in a serious and queen, White has
connecting            his     passed                                        game.                              achieved a won position. If
pawns.                                                                                7 ...          Qe7       now 13 ... dS, then 14 gf gf
         17  ...          Qe7                   28 gxc8                               8 @d2          f6        15 Q x f 3 Q g 4 16 Qe2!; o r 11 ...
         18 Qe2        '  g3                 Both sides now had very            This can't be good, b u t Qf6 12 Qxh8 Qxh8 13 g x h 7
         19 a41                           little time remaining until       t h e alternatives don't look (or 13 gf) wins for White.
    White continues devel-                move 40, which made the           rosy either.
oping in beginner's fashion               game even more random.                (a) 8 ... QxgS 9 hg and t h e
with his second rook about                White's great material ad-        black squares on t h e king-
t o e n t e r t h e fray along the        vantage is o f f s e t by the     side a r e already terminally
file.                                     amazing lack of co-ordinat-       ill.
         19  ...          a6              ion between his pieces.               (b) 8 ... f2+ 9 @xf2 (9
    Black doesn't w a n t t o                   28  ...        Qxb2+        @xf2!?) 9 ... Q f 6 10 Qd3!
have t o concern himself                        29 @d2         @xg1!        (This vacates t h e fl-square
with any QbS+'s.                                30 f e                      for t h e king) 10 ... g3+ 11
         20 Ba3           gc8                 Loses, b u t what else?       @xg3 Bg8 12 @f2 Q g 4 + 13
         21 a d 4         Bg8                    30  ...       Qc1+         @fl and White s t a n d s
         22 gxh77                                 1
                                                 3 @c3         @d4+         d e a r l y better, f o r example:        9     ...      Qxh6
     I s e t off o n a f a l s e trail.          32 @b3        @b2+         13 ... QxgS 14 hg @xgS 15                 10 @xh6 Qe6
 With 22 ge3! White has t h e                    33 @c4         bS+         @xgS BxgS 16 g x h 7 Q e 3 + 17       10 ... f2+ i s possible, b u t
 better chances.                                 34 ab          ab+         @f2 Exg2+ 18 a x e 3 E x g l 19 i t is n o t clear if it helps
          22  ...         QfS                    35 @d3        @d4 mate     g h 8 + @d7. A very curious Black a t all.
          23 QhS          Qxd41               One of t h e advantages o f   position has arisen with                  11 gf
     Not 23 ... Q x d 4 ? 24, ge3+.       t h e King's Gambit over          both sides having terrible            11@hS+ Qf7 12 @xg4 i s an
          24 g x f 7      @b6!            other, more mundane, open-        problems completing their alternative, b u t I didn't
     Black is n o t afraid.               ings, is t h a t even when you    development. However, t h e want t o l e t t h e initiative
          25 Eg7+ (6)                     lose i t can occasionally be      weakness of t h e black f-         slip away.
          25  ...         @d8!!           enjoyable.                        Pawn enables White t o gain               11    ...      gf
     Black i s willing t o invest                                           a decisive advantage with             After 11 ... dS, I intended
 an enormous amount of                             Game 2                   20 E f s !                         12 Q c 3 d e 13 0-0-0 ef and
 material t o keep t h e game                              -
                                               Gallagher Bode                   (c) 8 ... h6 i s examined in then deciding between 14
 going.                                       Bad Wtirishofen 1991          game 3.                            @hS+ Qf7 1S @xg4 o r 14 g e l .
          26 Bxg8+ @e7!                                                               9 ah61 (7)               Both seem t o be good for
                                                                                Black had banked o n White.
14 Fischer Defence                                                                                                            Fischer Defence 15
        12 Q x f 3 c6                                                                                               come by.
   Black has t o work hard                                                                                                   18 eS!
t o try and develop.                                                                                                     Of course.
        13 Qc3         &as?                                                                                                  18 ...        de
   I t w a s essential t o play                                                                                         18 ... Q x h S 19 &h2 Q h f 4
13 ... Qf8! 14 &d2 hS t o pre-                                                                                      20 Q e 4 g 3 21 Q 2 x g 3 with a
vent White from castling.                                                                                           winning attack.
Even then, a f t e r 15 &f2!                                                                                                 19 d e        Qd7
Q h 6 16 Q d 2 , White's super-                                                                                         Now if 19 ... Q x h S 20 &h2
iority is evident.                                                                                                  (20 ExhS followed by Q e 4
        14 QgS!        fg                                                                                           a l s o looks good) 20 ... Q h f 4
        1S B x e 6 a d 7                                                       This is a very s t r a n g e         21 Q e 4 &xeS (10)
        16 Qc4!                                  Game 3                     move. My opponent said he
   Stronger than 16 Qh3                   Gallagher - Ziatdinov             didn't like his position
Qf 8.                                           Lenk 1991                   after 12 ... hS, b u t t h i s is n o
        16  ...        gf8?!                                                excuse f o r allowing your-
   A b e t t e r chance w a s 16 ...         1       e4        eS           self to be pushed around.
gh a s now 17 0-0-O? &gS+                        2 f4          ef                   13 hS            a g f8
18 a b l 0-0-0. White should                     3 Qf3         d6                   14 a g e 2
instead play 17 eS! and if 17                    4 d4          gs              White keeps open t h e
... dS 18 Qe2 o r 17 ... d e 18                  S h4          g4           option of castling short.
0-0-0 and Black i s unlikely                     6 Qgl         f3           Even though his king will
to survive f o r very long,                      7 QgS         Qe7          feel l e s s secure o n t h e
e.g. 18 ... e d 19 n x d 4 &gS+                  8 &d2         h6           kingside, t h e s w i f t placing          22 EdS!! There's n o an-
20 @bl 0-0-0 21 n h d l and                      9 Qxe7        fg           of t h e r o o k s o n t h e e- and     s w e r t o a move like this.
wins.                                      This is b e t t e r than 9 ...   f-files would be telling.                       20 RdS!
        17 0-0-0 g h                   a x e 7 10 gf Q g 6 11 hS with               14   ...         '&f6              I t h o u g h t an awful long
    Black i s dreaming of es-          advantage t o White; o r 9 ...              1s &g3 Q e 6                     time a s t h e r e were a num-
caping by ... &gS+ and ...             $xe7 10 Q c 3 and again                 After 15 ... $gS 16 0-0 i t          ber of tempting alternat-
0-0-0. However,                        Black has a n unenviable             is dangerous t o t a k e t h e          ives:
        18 eS!                         position (10 ... dS doesn't          h-pawn, e.g. 16 ... B x h S 17             (a) 20 Q e 4 &xeS 21 Rxd7
   This c u t s all communic-          help: 11 0-0-0 d e 12 Qxe4!).        a f 4 B a S 18 QfdS! (threat-           @xg3 22 Q f 6 + @f8 23 Q x g 3
ations.                                          10 Qxg2 a x e 7 (9)        ening b4) 18 ... c6 19 @xd6             Qxd7 24 Qxd7+ @e7 25 Q e S
        18  ...        dS (8)                     1
                                                 1 ac3                      cd 20 QxdS! Q g 6 21 b4!                with a clear advantage f o r
        19 QxdS! 1-0                        For t h e pawn, White has       winning. If Black had tried             White. But I wanted more
    19 ... cd 20 a x d S &dB 21        a lead in development and a          17 ...BgS, then 18 Q f d S Q e 6        than this.
x h f l and Black i s totally          s t r o n g centre; when you         19 QfS with an enormous                    (b) 20 Exd7!? Qxd7 21
paralysed; o r alternatively           add t h i s t o Black's weaken-      attack.                                 Q e 4 &e7 22 Q f 6 + with a
19 ... 0-0-0 2 0 &xe7 cd 21            ed kingside, you can already                16 0-0-0 &gS+                    very dangerous attack. b u t
g x h 4 and White will s o o n         s e e t h e writing on t h e wall.          17 1              Qf6?!          then I thought "why sacri-
be t w o pawns ahead with a                      11...         Qg6             Black g e t s greedy, b u t          fice a t all?". After 20 XdS,
good position.                                   12 &f2        Qd7          good moves a r e hard t o               White has a n attack of sim-
16 Fischer Defence                                                                                                        Fischer Defence 17

ilar strength, b u t i s only a              27 gxd71 @xg3                                                    a h 5 Q d 7 18 a e 7 + @h8 19
pawn down.                               27 ... @xe2 28 n d 8 + @h7                                           Qxg7 @xg7 20 Xxd7 1-0
        20 ...        c6             29 g x h 8 + @xh8 30 @c3+! is                                            Gallagher- Sanz, Gijon 1988)
        21 Q e 4      @e7            t h e main point.                                                        10 g3 and now Bangiev gives
    21 ... @g7 is no better. A t             28 gd8+ @h7                                                      10 ... Qc6! with a fully sat-
t h e board I was considering                29 g x h 8 + @xh8                                                isfactory game f o r Black.
the exchange sacrifice 22                    30 Qfxg31                                                        For example: 11 Q x f 4 (11
g x d 7 a s 22 ... Qxd7 loses t o        This removes Black's l a s t                                         Qg2 Q e 7 with t h e idea of ...
23 Q f 6 + @e7 24 @d3!; b u t        hope of counterplay.                                                     Qf5) 11  ...a    xf4 12 Qxf4 Q x f 4
22 ... @xd7 is a much                        30 ...        Qe6                                                13 gf Q e 7 with a good block-
tougher n u t t o crack: 23                  31 @c1        ge8                                                ade on t h e light squares.
&d3+ @c7 24 @d6+ @b6 25                      32 g f 4      Qc8                                                          7 ...           axe4
Q2c3 as! and I can't see any                 33 @d2        QeS                                                          8 Qd31
forced win f o r White.                      34 a d 4      @h7                                                    An improvement o n t h e
Therefore it's b e t t e r not t o           3s Qfi! cs                    Black launches a counter-          previously played 8 Q c 3 ,
'sac' t h e exchange and play                36 Qxd3+ @h8               attack against the white              which leads t o unclear play
instead 22 Q d 6 + @f8 23                    37 Q d f S Qe6             e-pawn and hopes t h a t this         a f t e r 8 ... Q x c 3 9 b c Q c 6 10
@a3! Black is forced t o play                38 - 6        Qf3+         will give him time t o de-            Qd3 Qe6!
23 ... c5, a s 23 ... @g8 loses              39 @c3        bS           fend with QhS.                                  8  ...          Be7
t o 24 Q x c 8 cd 25 Qe7+ @h7            Threatening mate!                      7 Qxf4!?                          Hebden - Psakhis, Mos-
26 @d3+.                                     40 b3         c4              I t looks s t r a n g e t o give   cow 1986, continued 8 ... fS
        22 E d 2      QgS                Black continues till the       up a central pawn f o r t h e         9 Q e 2 Qg7 10 Qxe4 f e 11QgS
        23 Qd6+ @f8                  bitter end. The remaining          one on f 4 , which might              Qf6 12 Q b c 3 QxgS 13 hg
        24 QfS!       Be6            moves were: 41 b c b c 42          drop off anyway, b u t a s al-        @xgS 14 a x e 4 @e3 15 Q f 6 +
        25 g f l      @g8(11)        Qxc4 ge3+ 43 @b2 Qxc4 44           ways in this type of pos-             @d8 16 @d2! @xd2+ 17 @xd2
    This allows White t o win        g x c 4 Q e 5 45 g c 8 + @h7 46    ition Black's e x t r a pawn is       Q c 6 18 g a f l and White
a piece, b u t there was             Q h f S g f 3 47 g c 7 a6 4 8 a3   virtually useless.                    eventually picked up the
nothing better.                      E f 4 49 g e 7 Q c 4 + SO @c3         White's main alternative           two kingside pawns and
                                     Q x a 3 51 Rxf7+ a h 8 52 Be7      is 7 e d 3 , a f t e r which Black    won a long ending.
                                     QbS+ 53 @d3 a5 54 Q h 4            should play 7 ... d 5 (of                       9 Qe2           a 7
                                     @g8 55 h6 g f 7 56 n e 4 @h7       course 7 ... a h 5 loses t o 8                   0
                                                                                                                        1 0-0           0-O(13)
                                     57 Q h f S g a 7 58 Exg4 a 4 59    @b5+) 8 eS Q h S (8 ... Q e 4
                                     Q e 4 Xa6 60 gg7+ @h8 61           occurred in Gallagher -
                                     Q g 5 Q d 6 62 Q e 7 1-0.          Westerinen, Metz 1987, and
                                                                        after 9 Q x f 4 cS 10 a d 2 Q c 6
                                               Game 4                   11Qxe4 d e 12 e x e 4 @xd4 13
                                                      -
                                            Hebden Borm                 e x d 4 Q x d 4 14 0-0-0, t h e
                                             Orange 1987                game was roughly level) 9
                                                                        &2 a h 6 ! ( 9 ... Qe7 10 Q x f 4
     26 Ed61       exes                                                       1
                                                                        cS 1 d c Q c 6 12 Q b c 3 Q x f 4
  Otherwise Black will                                                  13Qxf 4 a x e 5 14 $323 Q f 6 IS
quickly g e t mated.                                                    QcxdS 0-0 16 0-0-0 Qg7 17
 18 Fischer Defence                                                                                              Fischer Defence 19
          1
         1 Qxe4!                                                  his options open. Maybe he           Black is just asking f o r eS).
     After this White's lead in                                   will play a g e 2 o r perhaps a      9 Qdl!? (Recommended by
 development begins t o take                                      plan with @d3, Qd2 and               Bangiev) 9 ... Qa6 10 c 4 dS 11
serious proportions.                                              0-0-0. 7 Q e 2 is a l s o quite      ed cd 12 Be2+ B e 7 13 QfZ!?
         11 ...        Bxe4                                       playable and, a f t e r 7 ... @f6    Q f 6 14 @xe7+ a x e 7 15 Q e 2
         12 Qbc3 @c6                                              8 Q b c 3 Qe7, we transpose          Qxc4 16 Q x f 4 and White
         13 B d 2      dS                                         t o game 8.                          has just enough compens-
    Black has t o s t o p 14 Qh6.                                          7  ...         c6           ation f o r the pawn
         14 Q g 3      Bf6
    This move demonstrates
                                                                      Black secures his dS-                    8   ...       B f 6 (16)
                                                                  square in order t o b e able             8 ... f 3 9 Q g 3 (9 Q f 4 i s
t h e dire situation t h a t                                      t o defend t h e f-pawn with         a l s o possible) 9 ... @f6 10
Black is already in. Unable              29   Xxh7+   @xh7        his queen. 7 ... Qe6 will be         Qxh6 f2+ (10 ... Q x h 6 11 B d 2
t o find a satisfactory way              30   Re7+    @h8         seen in game 6; 7 ... Q c 6          is also pleasant f o r White)
of getting his pieces o u t ,            31   BhS+    eg8         and 7 ... Q f 6 in game 7.           11 e e 2 Qxh6 12 @d2 and
he decides t o indulge in a              32   @h7     mate                 8 Qge2                      White wins back the pawn
s p o t of pawn hunting in-                                           There a r e a couple of          with advantage.
stead.                                        Game S              interesting a1ternatives:
        IS QeS        @xh4                      -
                                      Gallagher S. Jackson            (a) 8 Qc4. White under-
        16 Qxg7 @xg7                  British Championshfp,       standably prefers t o devel-
        17 QxdS! fS                       Blackpool 1988          o p his bishop             before
    Of course the knight on                                       playing Q e 2 , b u t he does
g 3 is untouchable because                                        leave himself exposed t o
of mate in three moves.                                           counterplay on t h e queen-
          8
        1 Bf4         Qc6                                         side: 8 ... Q f 6 9 g3!? @e7?!
        19 Qxc7       Xb8                                         (I wonder what White in-
        20 Eae1                                                   tended a f t e r 9 ... bS!, a s 10
    I t is only a m a t t e r of                                  Qd3 Q h S 11 a g e 2 doesn't
time now.                                                         work in this position: 11 ...                9 g3!
        20 ...        @g8                                         Qxg3! 12 Q x g 3 f g 13 Qxh6            In this way, White takes
        21 dS         Qe7                                         g2 14 Xgl @xh4+) 10 a g e 2          control of all the dark
        22 QhS!       BxhS                                        bS 11 eS! d e 12 de BxeS 13          squares. True, he allows
   Black has l i t t l e choice                                   Q x f 4 Qxf4 14 gf B e 7 15 Qd3      Black a protected passed
because of the threat of 23                                       Q b d 7 16 @d2 with a good           pawn on f3, b u t his central
Bh6.                                                              game f o r White, Sanchez            control is s o great t h a t this
        23 Rxe7       bS                                          Almeyra - Anic, Lyon 1990.           is hardly relevant.
        24 Xfel       xb6                                             (b) 8 @d3 b6!?. White                    9  ...        f3
        25 d 6        Bh4                                         o f t e n has t o worry about           9 ... f g 10 Q x g 3 Qxcl 1  1
        26 g 3        B f 6 (14)                                  this move a f t e r a n early        x x c l doesn't help Black.
        27 Qe81                       This time Black wants t o   Bd3. The f- and t h e g-             After 11 ... @f4 (otherwise
   An elegant finale.               hang on t o t h a t f-pawn.   pawns take away a l o t of           White can develop harmon-
        27 ...        Bxb2               7 Qc3                    squares o n t h e third rank         iously) 12 a c e 2 B e 3 13 @d2,
        28 BgS+ @h8                   White develops, keeping     (8 ... B f 6 is l e s s good, a s    White achieved a b e t t e r
20 Fischer Defence                                                                                                       Fischer Defence 21
ending in Christiansen -            b e t t e r , b u t Black i s going   @a8 21 Qe4! Qc8 (21 ... Qc6             I remember feeling quite
Lobo, San Jose 1980, b u t 13       t o suffer. 16 e5 and 16 d 5          22 Q b 6 + a b 23 E d 3 o r 21 ...   disappointed a f t e r this a s I
c 4 followed by g c 3 t o expel     both look very dangerous,             g b 8 22 E d 3 with t h e won-       was itching t o play 23 ...
t h e lone intruder looks           o r White can even choose             derful t h r e a t of 23 Bxd7!!)     B d 7 24 QfS! a s now 24 ... f e
even s t r o n g e r t o me.        t o play in a quiet fashion.          22 E d 3 with a crushing a t t -     25 &6+ @f8 26 @f4+ @g7
         0
       1 Qf4             Be7                                              ack.                                 27 B f 7 + @h6 28 Qf4+ i s t h e
    Black h a s t o play with                                                    17 de            436          end. Black is therefore
extreme care. The slightest                                                      18 Q e 4         Qxe5         forced t o t a k e o n e6 with
slip and i t will all b e over.                                              Again Black is forced t o         his queen: 24 ... B x e 6 25
For example: 10 ... Q e 7 ? 11                                            open f u r t h e r lines.            Qxe6 fe. Now White has t h e
eS! d e 12 Q e 4 B g 7 13 a h 5                                                  19 a x e 6 Qxe6               very s t r o n g move 26 @e3!
e g 6 14 Q h f 6 + @f8 15 h5                                                 If 19 ... B x e 6 2 0 Q c 4 is    forcing 26 ... Eh6 (26 ... @f7
B g 7 16 d e Q d 7 17 B d 6 1-0                                           very strong.                         27 Qxe7 a x e 7 28 Eel) 27
Craig - Demps ter, Corr. 1985;                                                   2 0 QcS          Wc7 (18)     Qxe7 @xe7 28 @cS+! @e8 29
o r 10 ... Qxf4?! I1 Qxf4 bS?                                                20 ... B d 7 21 Q g 5 and         @gS! and wins.
(What i s Black doing?) 12                                                wins, f o r example: 21 ...                 24 g x d 6 Qxd6 (19)
B d 2 B e 7 13 0-0-0 Q d 7 14               16 e5          de             B d S 22 a x e 6 '&xi6 23 QfS!
QxbS! Qb7 15 Q c 4 a5 16 g h e l        That Black has little             @xfS 24 Exes+ B x e S 25 @d7         19
Q b 6 17 Q d 3 a d 7 1 18 a d 5     choice a p a r t from opening         mate.                                w
1-0 Hebden - Cantero, Spain         t h e centre i s confirmed by
1986. T h a t was certainly a       t h e following variations:
bad day a t t h e office f o r          (a) 16 ... d 5 17 QcxdS! cd
Senor Cantero. Basically,           18 Q x d S @d8 19 &5! B c 8
whatever Black does, White          (19 ... Qh6 20 Q f 6 + Q x f 6 21
i s going t o complete his          ef+ is very good f o r White)
development and then try            20 Q f 6 + Qxf6 21 e f + @d8 22
t o s m a s h open t h e centre.    ge7! (Now Black has t o
      1 Qd3
       1                            take t h e rook otherwise                                                            25 Qa61
    11 @f2 a l s o looks good,      White will simply munch                                                       It's amazing! This game
b u t I preferred to tuck my        his way through t h e sev-                                                 just seems t o s t u m b l e from
king away o n t h e queenside.      e n t h rank) 22 ... a x e 7 23             21 Qd6+!! Qxd6                 tactic t o tactic.
        11 ...       a 7            fe+ @e8 24 Qf6! g g 8 25                    22 Ex&+                                   ...
                                                                                                                         25          *
                                                                                                                                    *O
        12 Qe3       hS             ef-++ g x f 8 (The point of              I w a s r a t h e r enjoying         25 ... Qxg3 was a slightly
        13 @d2       Qd7            24 Qf6 i s revealed in t h e          myself here.                         b e t t e r chance.
        14 0         af8            variation 25 ... @xf8 26                    22    ...       Qe7!                     26 @c3!    Qe7
        15 g h e 1                  @b4+) 26 B b 4 and wins                  The only chance a s 22 ...                  27 Exd6 ba
    White's preparations a r e          (b) 16 ... 0-0-0 17 QcdS!         f e 23 &6+ @d7 24 Qxd6                         28 g f 6   Ehf8
complete and unfortunately          (White will pursue t h e              wins.                                          29 B c S   Ed7
f o r Black her king i s still in   black king wherever i t                      23 Qd6!                           Of course this game i s
t h e centre.                       runs) 17 ... cd 18 Q x d S e e 8         The pressure just keeps           n o t going t o finish in t h e
        IS ...       Qd7?! (17)     (18 ... B e 6 then 19BaS b 6 20       o n increasing.                      normal way. White now
    IS ... Q e 6 i s somewhat       @xa7) 19 @a5 @b8 20 @c7+                     23   ...       Bxd6           removes t h e black pawns in
22 Fischer D e f e n c e                                                                                                       Fischer Defence 23

artistic fashion.                    over 7 ... c6: t h e d6-square        10 Q x g 3 Q x c l 11 n x c l and, Qxf4 16 g f , I hadn't liked
        30 B x h S g f d 8           is n o t weakened, which              in s p i t e of his material def-       t h e kingside pawn struc-
   Threatening mate ...              means t h a t t h e dangerous         icit, White h a s t h e b e t t e r ture.
        31 B x g 4                   attacking           of eS and         chances (The position is                        12    ...           QxdS
   Pinning ...                       Q e 4 will lose a l o t of i t s      very similar t o t h e note t o                 13 @e4+?!
        31  ...    @b7               potency.                              Black's ninth move in Gall-
                                                                           agher - Jackson).
                                                                                                                       White's idea i s very risky.
                                                                                                                   More prudent was 13 c 4
        32 B x f 3                      White can, of course,
   And defending.                    gain time by attacking t h e                   8   ...          a6!           Q e 3 14 Q x f 4 Q x f 4 IS Qxe3
        32  ...    QdS               bishop with dS b u t t h i s i s          This looks like a l o s s o f B e 7 16 a d 2 @xe3+ 17 &xe3
        33 Rxf7 Q b 6                extremely anti-positional             time, b u t i t t u r n s o u t t h a t Qxe3+ 18 e x e 3 when t h e
        3 4 b3     aS                and should only b e played            without a possible B b S active king combined with
        35 hS      a4                if t h e r e i s a very s t r o n g   White's options a r e severe-           Black's         dubious          pawn
        36 e b 2   ab                follow up.                            ly limited. If instead 8 ... s t r u c t u r e should enable
        37 ab      aS                                                      Q c 6 then 9 a g e 2 B f 6 10 White t o hold t h e balance.
        38 h6      a4                                                      BbS! i s difficult t o meet.            If my c-pawn had been o n e
        39 h7      ab                                                              9 Qd2             Qc6           square f u r t h e r back, I
        4 0 cb     ea6                                                        9 ... @f6 i s a l s o possible. wouldn't               have       thought
        41 Rxd7                                                            If then 10 0-0-0 Q c 6 play twice a b o u t entering this
   T h e time control has                                                  transposes t o a position I ending.
been negotiated, so Black                                                  didn't feel like playing du-                    13    ...          age7
resigned.                                                                  ring t h e game. I t i s probab-                14 c 4
   This w a s awarded t h e                                                ly b e s t f o r White to play 10           Not 14 Q x f 4 fS!
b e s t game prize and cer-                                                Q d S QxdS 11 ed, whilst 10                     14    ...          af6
tainly made up f o r a miser-                                              dS Qc8 11 Q b S a l s o deserves            If 14 ... Q e 3 15 a x f 4 .
able tournament.                             8 Bd3                         attention.                                      IS B x b 7 (21)
                                         I decided t o play a plan                 10 Q d S                           A t t h i s s t a g e , I was n o t
          Game 6                     with Bd3, Qd2 and 0-0-0 a s              As already mentioned 10 altogether delighted with
                  -
     Gallagher HUbner                Black can no longer harass            0-0-0 B f 6 didn't appeal to my position, b u t by now i t
          Blel1991                   t h e queen with ... b6 and ...       me a s 11 eS d e 12 dS QfS 13 w a s too l a t e to change
                                     Qa6. However, if I g e t t h i s      Q e 4 Qxe4 14 @xe4 a d 4 i s track.
       I      e4     eS              position again I think 1              good f o r Black (15 c3 BfS).
       2 f4          ef              would prefer 8 Qge2, imm-             11 Q d S might b e playable
       3 Qf3         d6              ediately fighting f o r s o m e       b u t if I'm going t o d o t h i s I
       4 d4          gs              space o n t h e kingside. Play        prefer t h e black queen on
       S h4           g4             could continue: 8 ... U f 6 9         d 8 whilst 11 Q c e 2 leaves
       6 Qgi         Qh6             g 3 (9 BdZ!? f 3 10 Q f 4 Q x f 4     White extremely cramped.
       7 Qc3         Qe6 (20)        (or 10 ... f g 11 Qxg2 Q x f 4 12             10   ...         QxdS
   Black finds a novel way           g x f 4 B x d 4 13 eS! with good              11 ed            ace7
of protecting his dS-square          play f o r White) 11 B x f 4                  12 he217
(in o r d e r to play ... B f 6 if   B x d 4 12 gf with play f o r            12 c 4 s e e m s more logical,
necessary). The t e x t has          t h e pawn) 9 ... f g (9 ... f 3 10   b u t a f t e r 12 ... Q f 6 13 h e 2
one important advantage              Q f 4 i s pleasant f o r White)       Q h S 14 g 3 &d7 15 Q x f 4
24 Fischer Defence                                                                                              Fischer Defence 25
     Black assumed that the        Q e 4 22 a5 f3!, with the        $xcl!! 26 Q x g 3 @e3+ 27 @h2      Black has a slightly better
ensuing endgame was very           threat of 23 ... Qd2+ 24 @dl     a f 4 28 ug7 a h 5 29 @xf7+       ending. Better is 19 &3!
favourable for him and             &3 mate.                         Q e 7 and mate follows.           with a roughly level game,
didn't seriously examine 15           (d2) 18 @a4+ @f8 19 Q x f 4       (d32) 22 h5 with t h e idea   e.g. 19 ... h5 20 0-0-0 0-0 21
 ... ab8!. This seems t o give     Hbl 20 Xxbl @xbl winning,        of preventing ...@g6 meets        Qf2! a f e 8 22 g3!? ne3 23
him a winning attack after         a s 21 @dl loses to ... Qxf4     with a brilliant refutation:      E d 3 Hbe8 24 Qdl.
@xa6 n x b 2 and now:              and ...@e4+.                     22 ... @e7!! and White is                 19 b3        a&?
    (a) 17 Qc3 x b 6 18 @a4+          (d3) 18 @a3 n b l 19 Rxbl     powerless t o prevent ...             Black completely over-
@f8 19 d5 QfS! and White's         @xbl 20 @a8+ @d7 21 @xh8         @f8 and ... Qg7.                  looked White's reply. Bet-
days are numbered.                 (22).                                    16 @xb8+ nxb8             ter is 19 ... Q g 3 o r 19 ...QfS,
    (b) 17 Qxf4 nxe2+ 18                                                    17 axf4!                  but White is already over
Qxe2 Qxf4 19 Xf1 &3+ 20                                                White must liberate his        the worst.
@dlQ e 4 21 @bS+ c6 22 &hS                                          position immediately, n o t               20 QhS!          g3
Qf2+ 23 @c2 Q g 6 24 Qxg4                                           spending any time counting            Otherwise Bd3 will give
0-0 when Black has a dang-                                          pawns. 17 0-0-0 loses t o 17      White a clear advantage.
erous attack in addition t o                                        ...  Q e 4 18 Qxf4 Qxf4 19                21 Qe2           0-0
his material advantage.                                             &f4 Q f 2 20 Eel Q x h l 21           If 21 ... Q f 2 22 0-O!
    (c) 17 0-0-0 n x d 2 18 nxd2                                    a d 5 @f 8!                               22 0-0          %-rh
f 3 with a very strong att-
ack.
                                                                           17  ...     B f4               Here the peculiarities of
                                                                           1 Qxf4 (23)
                                                                             8                        club chess took over a s I
    (d) 17 Qcl. This is the                                                                           was informed by my captain
critical line, a s if t h e rook       White has won a rook,                                          that i t was in o u r team's
retreats White will have no        but his forces a r e totally                                       interest for me t o offer a
problems, e.g. 17 ... n b 6 18     disjointed and Black's next                                        draw. White, of course, has
@a4+ @f8 19 Q x f 4 with the       move is t h e nail in the                                          t h e better chances now,
idea of Qe6+. However,             coffin: 21 ... &g8! (21 ...                                                ...
                                                                                                      e.g. 22 fS 23 Qf3 Q x h 4 24
Black has a very strong            Q e 4 22 @xh7 and i t is un-                                       a x e 4 f e 25 Qf6+ (25 Qxg3!?)
reply, 17 ... @b8!!, after         clear if Black has anything                                        25 ... @g7 26 a x e 4 Q f S 27
which White seems de-              better than perpetual check                                        d5. Black has a large num-
fenceless:                         with 22 ... @b4+ and 23 ...                                        ber of weaknesses.
    (dl) 18 Qxb2 @xb2 19           @a4+; 22 ... f 3 is dangerous,
@bS+ @xbS 20 c b QedS. De-         but White should escape                18   ...     Qe4?!                    Game 7
spite being t h e exchange         with 23 $xh6 f2+ 24 @dl             I t seems very strange n o t                  -
                                                                                                           Bangiev Paclhaian
ahead White is completely          @d3+ 25 Qd2 Q f 5 26 @f4         t o take on b2 b u t in fact                Corr.1987
lost. I t i s impossible f o r     Q x d 4 27 @xe4! @xe4 28         after 18 ... Rxb2 19 Qd3 Q c 6
him t o untangle his pieces        Q x d 4 @xd4 29 h5). After 21    20 0-0 Q x d 4 21 gael+ @f8
and he is also in grave dan-       ... Q e g 8 White's queen will   22 hS!? White has ample
ger of getting mated. His          take no further part in the      compensation       for    the
only trump i s t h e passed        game, e.g.                       pawns.
a-pawn, b u t this i s not f a r       (d31) 22 @f2 g3+ 23 @gl         Black should instead play
enough advanced to cause           @g6 24 Q x f 4 (24 h5 @g4 is     18 ... Q g 6 immediately and
any problems, e.g. 21 a 4          no better) 24 ...@c2! 25 Q e 2   then if 19 Qxg6 hg 20 0-0-0
26 Fischer Defence                                                                                                        Fischer Defence 27
                                      White's winning.                     Gligoric, Ljubljana/Porto-
                                             8 QbS!?                       roz 1977). The German corr-
                                         White has a major alter-          espondence player Niemtz
                                      native in 8 a g e 2 a f t e r        has been responsible f o r
                                      which Black is forced t o            rehabilitating        this   line.
                                      advance: 8 ... f3 9 Q f 4 (9         Here a r e some examples
                                      Qg3!? f2+ 10 @e2! (10 @xf2          a f t e r 17 QcdS! 0-0-0 18 b4:
                                      @f6+) also deserves attent-             (a) 18 ... fS 19 bS. White's
                                      ion) 9 ... f2+!? (If 9 ... Bf6,     attack now arrives in time:
                                      then 10 QcdS B x d 4 11 @xd4         19 ... Q e 7 20 @a3 @b8 21
                                      Q x d 4 12 Qxc7+ @d8 13Qxa8         Q x e 7 @xe7 22 eS with a
    Black has one o t h e r alt-      Qxc2+ 14 @dl Q x a l 15 a d 5       slight advantage f o r White,
ernative, namely 7 ... Qf6.           and White's knight on a 8           Niemtz - Bodkov, Corr.
A complicated game arises             will now escape, whilst it          1983/84.
from 8 a g e 2 dS (After the          will take a miracle f o r               (b) In t h e game Niemtz -
immediate 8 ... a h S , 9 g3          B!ack's t o perform a similar       Skorpik, Corr. . 1983/84                         I2 ...        dS
promises White a good                 feat) 10 @xf2 g3+ 11 @xg3           rather than 18 ... fS, there              (a) 12 ... as!? 13 eS d e 14
game) 9 QxfB!? (9 eS Q h S 10         Q f 6 12 Qe2 (12 @f2!? x g 8 13     occurred 18 ... Q e 7 19 Qxe7+        Q e 4 gives good attacking
g3 leads t o a position               g3 Qg4 14 B d 3 @d7 15 QcdS         Bxe7 20 Q d S B e 6 21 Xael           chances.
where t h e inclusion of dS           Qg7 16 Qxf6+ Qxf6 17 c 3            Ede8 22 @c4 B d 7 23 bS @b8               (b) 12 ... 0-0 1 Q g e 2 as!?
                                                                                                                                      3
and eS is not unfavourable            0-0-0 18 Q d S Qg7 19 Q f 4 fS      24 Q f 4 with a b e t t e r game      14 eS d e 15 Q e 4 @g7 16 de
f o r Black) 9 ... Q x f 4 10         20 Qg2 &f7?! 21 ef QxfS 22          f o r White.                          Qa6 17 Q f 6 +@xf6 18 ef Qxd3
Q x f 4 de 11 Qc4! (This              @xfS+ B x f S 23 Qh3 with a             (c) 18 ... gde8! 19 bS Q d 8      19 f e Qxe2 20 ef%+ Qxf8!?
seems more logical t o me             clear advantage t o White,          20 c 4 (20 a4!?) 20 ... Q e 6 21      21 g d e l f 3 22 gf gf 23 Xhgl+
than Makarichev's suggest-            Naftalin - Selke, Corr. 1988)       cS! (21 n a e l fs, Dufraisse -       Qg7 24 Qc3 f2 25 Bxg7+ a f 8
ion in New in Chess of @d2            12 ... x g 8 + 13 @f2 Q g 4 + 14    Roos, Corr. 1987) 21 ... d c 22       26 g x h 7 f e e + 27Qxel with
followed by 0-0-0. Black is           Qxg4 Qxg4 15 B d 3 Qg7 16           dc Qxal 23 Exal Q x f 4 24            b e t t e r chances f o r White in
weak on t h e f-file s o t h e        Qe3 B d 7 (2.5)                     Q x f 4 with compensation.            the endgame (Bangiev).
good old-fashioned recipe                                                           8 ...         a6                      13 a g e 2
is called for: bishop on c4,                                                  8 ... Qd7 i s t o o passive a s       As usual, White will not
rook on fl. An eventual a d 5                                             Black n o longer has the              want t o advance his e-pawn
may a l s o cause problems).                                              possibility of ... a5 and ...         a s this would give Black a
Black can try:                                                            Qa6.                                  fine square on fS.
    (a) 11 ... Q c 6 12 0-0 @xd4+                                                  9 Qxc6+ b c                             ...
                                                                                                                          13             f3
13 @xd4 Q x d 4 14 Q f d S                                                         10 B d 3                               14 gf          gf
QxdS 1.5 QxdS Q e 6 16 Q f 6 +                                               The usual plan of cast-                      IS Bdfl       Sq?sd2+
@e7 17 n a e l and White has                                              ling long and then having a                     16 @xd2 hS!
more than enough compen-                                                  look t o s e e what's going               Black might want t o ex-
sation.                                                                   on.                                   change queens with ... e h 6
    (b) 11 ... Q b d 7 12 0-0 Q b 6   17 QcdS! (After 17 Qce2?!                    10 ...         @f6           a t an appropriate moment.
is t o o slow: 13 Qxf7+ @xf7          0-0-0 18 Q g 3 fS! Black had           10 ... Q e 7 leaves the f-                   17 Qgl!? &4
14 Q h S Q d 7 15 a x e 4 and         a s t r o n g attack in Planinc -   pawn devoid of protection,                        8
                                                                                                                          1 @e3         @h6
28 Fischer Defence                                                                                                    Fischer Defence 29
        19 e x h 6 a x h 6                                                  ,hing will now hinge on          look a t Black's position.
        20 Qxf3 f 6                                                        whether the f- and g-pawns         What a mess!) 10 ... b6
        21 eS?!                                                            are strong o r weak). 16 ...      doesn't help: 11 a 5 Qa6+ 12
    I t would have been bet-                                               fie6 looks like Black's best      @e3 Qh6 13e x g 4 .
t e r t o play 21 adz!. This                                               (If 16 ...Q f 5 17 0-0-0 Qxh4?            8 &e2         Qh6
both creates pressure on                                                   18 Exh4 Q x h 4 19 Qf6; Black         8 ... f3, a s usual, doesn't
the f-file and sends the                                                   could also try t o lock the       solve Black's problems: 9
knight off on a pleasant                                                   bishop o u t of the game          Q f 4 (9 Q g 3 also looks
journey towards cS. In t h a t                                             with 16 ... f6, but he would      good) 9 ... f g (Black should
case, White would have had                                                 then run into trouble along       have tried 9 ... f2+ 10 @xf2
the better chances.                                                        the a2-g8 diagonal and on         g3+, regardless of whether
    The rest of t h e game is            As we have already seen,          t h e e-file. However, 16 ...     it's good o r not) 10 Qxg2 c6
given in brief: 21 ... Q f S 22       Black has t o take special          Qd6 17 0-0-0 Qc7 is unclear)        1
                                                                                                             1 eS! with a crushing attack
Q e 2 0-0-0 23 @d2 Be8 24             care when he develops his            17 QeS (After other moves         in Bangiev - Mayr, Corr.
g f 2 f e 25 a x e 5 a d 6 26 Q c 3   queen t o f6, a s t h e advance      Black has good compensa-          1986.
cS?! 27 Q x g 4 Q c 4 + 28 @c1        e5 is always in t h e offing.       tion, e.g. 17 Q e 2 Q x f l 18            9 @d2
hg 29 d c Re3!? 30 QxdS                       7 Qc3          Qe7          @xfl Qd6; o r 17 0-0-0 Qd7)           This strange move is
g x h 4 31 Ed1 n e h 3 32 c6 g h 8       7 ... c6 is also playable         17 ... e f l ! 18 @xfl Qc4+ 19    seen from time t o time in
33 g f 4 Q e 5 34 Qe7+ @b8 35         and now everybody has re-           @el QcS! (Black is hanging         the King's Gambit, nor-
g b 4 + @a8 36 a d 5 g3h7 37          commended 8 eS de 9 Q e 4           onto his pawn by tactical          mally when White is in a
a e 4 Qxc6 38 g x g 4 @b7 39          @e7 10 de e x e s 11 @e2 with       resouces) 20 h e 2 (20 0-0-0       hurry t o retrieve the gam-
Q c 3 a h 1 4 0 Be4 a x d l + 41      a dangerous attack, e.g. 1      1   &e3+ 21 @bl Q d 7 or 20 Qhl       bit pawn. However, in this
@xdl g d 8 + 42 @cl Ed6 43            ...a 7 12 Qd6+ @f8 13 Qxf4          Qe3 are good for Black) 20        position i t doesn't seem t o
b3 Q b 8 44 @b2 Q d 7 45 a h 4        o r 11 ... Q d 7 12 Qd2 or 11 ...   ... g3! (20 ... f 3 is not s o    work too well. Bangiev also
@c6 46 b 4 @b7 47 EhS @c6             Qe6 12 a d 2 and Black has          good after 21 gf gf 22 a d 4      considers 9 g3!? fg! 10 Qxh6
48 @b3 @b7 49 &4 @c6 S           O    problems on t h e long diag-        a d 7 23 Qxf3! a x e 5 24         @xh6 (10 ... &f2+ 11 @d2 g2
Q b 2 Q b 6 51 a 4 g f 6 52 Q d 3     onal.                               a x e 5 a d 6 25 QgZ!) 21 Qh3     12 Qxg2 e x g 2 13 QgS with
Q d 7 53 a 5 Qd6 54 Eh8 Qf6              But what about 11 ... Qe7        (21 Bhl f3! 22 gf g2 with         active play for the pawn) 11
55 Ba8 @b7 56 Qd8 @c6 57              12 a d 2 Qf6!. I now can't          advantage t o Black) 21 ...       @d2 @xd2+ 12 @xd2 Qbc6 13
bS+ 1-0 (if 57 ... a b 58 a6          find any position that 1            &f2+ 22 @fl (22 @dl f 3 is        Qg2 Qd7 14 g a f l with a dis-
g f 8 59 Q b 4 + i s winning).        would feel like playing for         strong) 22 ... Qe3 23 @el         tinct initiative compensat-
                                      White, e.g.                         and Black has t h e pleasant      ing for the l o s t material.
           Game 8                         (a) 13Qxf6+ Qxf6 14 Qxf4        choice between 23 ... Qxe2            I think White would do
                  -
        Bangiev Figer                 e x e 2 + 15 a x e 2 Qxb2. White    o r 23 ...Qe6.                    best here t o play 9 &d3
          Corr. 1987                  has probably a good pawn's              So, instead of 8 eS?!, 8      with the usual idea of Qd2
                                      worth of compensation,              Qge2. Now Black can play 8        and 0-0-0.
                                      b u t unfortunately he is two       ... Qh6, transposing t o                  9  ...        abc61
                                      down.                               Gallagher - Jackson (and              Black puts d4 under
                                          (b) 13 Qc3 @xe4 14 @xe4         we don't mind that!), o r         immediate pressure. 9 ...
                                      a x e 4 15 Qxh8 &3 16 Qh2,          push with 8 ... f 3 9 Q g 3 f2+   Qd7 is rather passive; Plan-
                                      (For the exchange Black             10 @e2 (OK, we've had t o         inc - Portisch, Ljubljana
                                      has two pawns and every-            move our king, b u t take a       1973 continued: 10 g3 Qbc6
30 Fischer Defence                                                                                                     Fischer Defence 31
(10 ... fg? 11 @xh6 is good         gf=@+ 23 g x f l @h4+ 25 Q g 3             20 E x f 3    gf               b u t t h e t e x t has certain
for White) H gf 0-0-0 12            a d 7 26 @f6 Bg8 27 Xhl                    21 Qxe7       f2+              advantages:
Qg2 @g7 13 dS Q e S 14 @e3          @xgS 28 @xgS XxgS 29                       22 -2         @xe7                 (a) The knight has the
@b8 IS @f2 with t h e b e t t e r   nxh7 @e8 %-%.                                  0-1                        extra option of hopping
game f o r White.                           10 ...      LPg7                For those of you who              into d 4 in case of being
       1 g3?! (28)
        0                               The bishop switches di-          like t o stray from t h e            hassled by t h e g-pawn.
                                    agonals in order t o assist          beaten path, games 9 and                (b) S d3 offers some so-
                                    the attack on d4, whilst a t         10 offer an alternative way          lidity t o t h e white centre,
                                    t h e same time unpinning            of treating t h e Fischer De-        which can be quite useful if
                                    itself. To avoid losing a            fence.                              you're going t o play on the
                                    pawn, White i s forced into                                              wing.
                                    t h e extremely ugly ...                       Game 9                            S  ...
                                            1 dS?!
                                             1          fg!
                                        Well, i t turns o u t he
                                                                              Gallagher Lane-                        6 g31
                                                                            Hastings Masters 1990                The undermining process
                                    loses one anyway a s 12 dc                                               begins straight away.
                                    @f2+ followed by ... g2 is                                                       6  ...         Qh3!?
                                    disastrous.                                                                  Black has a number of
    This recommendation of                  12 Q x g 3 Q d 4                                                 a1ternatives:
ECO is not good. Instead,                   13 a 2      Qf3+!                                                    (a) 6 ... f g 7 hg. This
White should take advan-                    14 Qxf3 @xf3                                                     gives White excellent att-
tage of t h e one drawback                  l 5 a c e 2 QeS                                                  acking chances, e.g. 7 ...
created by Black's ninth                The full effects of 11 dS                                           Qg4 8 QxgS! hg 9 g x h 8 a h 6
move (i.e. t h e inability t o       are shown a s Black com-                                                10 Q c 3 @f6 11 g x f 8 + @xf8
defend c7 sensibly) and              pletely dominates the cen-                                              12 QdS!, Bhend - Issler, Corr.
play 10 QbS. After 10 ...            tre.                                                                   1970; o r 7 ... Qg7 8 QxgS hg
@d8 11 dS (Bangiev consid-                  16 n g 1                                                        9 g x h 8 Qxh8 10 &hS B f 6 11
e r s t h e complications after         16 B d 3 is probably a                                              Q c 3 c6 12 QxgS @g7 13
11 eS @fS 12 ed Q d S 13 dc+         slight improvement al-                                                 0-0-0 with a s t r o n g attack.
@d7 t o be in White's fav-           though after 16 ... fS! 17 g f l                                           (b) 6 ... Q c 6 7 gf g4
our, b u t he didn't suggest         f e 18 g x f 3 (or 18 a x e 4                                          (Bhend gives 7 ... Qg4 a s
a way t o beat off t h e black       @xd3) 18 ... ed 19 Bxd3 QfS,               4    ...        h6          leading t o rough equality
attack. I certainly can't see        Black stands clearly better.          4   ... gS i s inadvisable and   after 8 0-0 Q d 4 9 Q b d 2 gf
anything       resembling      a             16 ...      fS             the l a s t outing t h a t I know   10 c3 Qe6! although this is
White advantage) 11 ... QeS                  17 @h6                     *ofwas 143 years ago: S h4          very hard t o a s s e s s without
12 Q x f 4 a6! 13 Q d 4 g 3 with         The only way t o try t o       g4 6 Q g S Q h 6 7 d 4 f6 8         any practical experience.
an unclear position. The             develop.                           Qxf4 f g 9 QxgS (9 hg also          Maybe 8 c 3 is a n improve-
game Gallagher - G. Flear,                   17 ...      flf8           looks good) and White had           ment a s 8 ... gf 9Qxf4QeS?
Lenk 1992 continued 14                        8
                                             1 &S        f4!              very s t r o n g attack, Mor-     10 QxeS and 11 Qxf7+ wins
Q d e 2 E g 8 IS @d4 &4 16                   19 n f 1    fg             @hy - Tilghman, Philadel-           f o r White) 8 Q g l @h4+ 9
Qe3 Qxe2 17 a x e 2 Qf3+!? 18            Not really a queen sacri-      phia 1859.                          @fl Q f 6 10 @g2 Q h S 11 Q c 3
 gf @xf3 19 Qxh6 @xhl 20             fice b u t elegant neverthe-             S d3!                         g3 12 @el! g g 8 13 h3 with
&S! g2 21 @f2! ExgS! 22 hg            less.                               S d 4 is more common,             advantage t o White, a s his
32 Fischer Defence                                                                                                  Fischer Defence 33
 king i s perfectly safe.               9    ...      Qxd4           gn f2. Here, however, with            break up the black king-
    (c) 6 ... g4, see game 10.          1 cd
                                         0            Qg2             he black pawn back on gS             side.
        7 add?!                         11   mi                       o ~ s t e a d of g4) a knight
                                                                     &eck on g 4 could prove
                                                                                                                 18  ...   gxe1
    After half an hour's re-        I wasn't too attracted by                                                    19 Rxe1 QhS
 flection, I still managed t o    the endgame after 1 @e2+.
                                                      1              gxtremely embarrassing.                     20 Q e 4  gh
 overlook my opponent's                11    ...    f3!? (30)               12   ...
                                                                            13 Qc3
                                                                                          h f6
                                                                                           60
                                                                                                                 21 gh
reply. At first, 7 gf appeal-
ed t o me because of the                                                If 13 ... &4 14 @d2 @e7
variation 7 ... g 4 8 Q d 4                                          ~5 0-0-0 and Black can't
&2? 9 @xg4 Qxhl 10 Qxf7+                                             win a piece because of the
@xf7 11 @e6+ @g7 12 QfS+                                             pin on t h e e-file.
@h7 13 @f7+ and mate. But,                                                  14 @d2         Ee8
of course, 8 ... @h4+ is                                                    is 0-0-0 Q g 4
better when I was unable                                                      6
                                                                            1 Ege1
t o assess t h e position after                                         16 g d e l loses t o 16 ...
9 63e2 Qg2 10 @el! @h3 11                                            nxe3. For a while I was
Bgl. After the game Gary                                             tempted by a dubious queen
Lane said he had been most           A truly amazing position        -rifice:      17 g x e 3 f2 18               22 d6!
worried about 7 @d2!?. This       has arisen on the board.           g x g 2 (31) fl++ 19 Eel @fS             At long last, t h e bishop
prevents ... Qg2 and takes        Will White's powerful pawn         20 h3 Q f 6 21 n f 2 with some        comes into play and the
the sting o u t of ... @h4+,      centre prove triumphant, o r       w g u e attacking chances.            f7-square begins t o look
thereby threatening t o cap-      will Black's bishop on g2                                                vulnerable.
ture on f4. 7 @e2 also de-        have the last word?                                                             22 ...       cd
serves attention, a s 7 ... g 4      11 ... QxdS also came into                                                   23 Qxd6 f ?   2
8 Q h 4 f 3 9 @f2 doesn't         consideration, but after 12                                                 23 ... g f 8 was necessary,
really help Black.                Qc3, Black will have t o                                                 when the game is rather
       7    ...       dS!         straighten o u t White's re-                                             unclear, e.g.
   The only move, b u t a         maining d-pawns: 12 ...                                                     (a) 24 Qxf7 (This seems
good one.                         Qxc4 13 d c f g 14 hg. White                                             insufficient) 24 ... gxf7 25
       8 ed                       has sufficient play for the                                              Qxf7+ 63xf7 26 @f4+ Qhf6
    Unfortunately, 8 fexdS c6     pawn because of Black's                                                  27 @c7+ @g6 28 Ee7 @gS+
9 @hS cd 10 @xh3 de 11 c3         weak kingside, e.g. 14 ...                                               29 Qe3 (29 @c2 @hS) 29 ...
looks good f o r Black. After     Q f 6 (14 ... @e7+ 15 83f2) 15        Apart from 18 ... f i e + ,        @xe3+! 30 nxe3 Qxe3 and
8 ed Black has succeeded in       @f3! 0-0 16 Qe3.                   .@ack has another possib-             Black's f-pawn should d o
closing t h e a2 - g 8 diag-             12 Qe3                      #ity 18 ... f l e ! ! ? . After the   the rest.
onal, which gives him time           12 a d z ? @f6 is very men-     qkkat settles Black will be a            (b) 24 Be4 Qhf6 25 Bf4
t o complete his develop-         acing. White's main priority       $piece up: 3 knights (!I ag-          @g5 26 Q e 4 a x e 4 27 de f2!
ment and remove his king          is t o get his king o u t of the    ainst knight and bishop.             28 fexf2 Q x f 2 29 @xf2 Ec8
t o a safe haven.                 centre. In similar positions              16   ...           Qd7         is good for Black.
      8     ...    a 7            where Black has a pawn on                 17 Qg1             Qdf6           (c) 24 Qe4. This solid
      9     c3                    f3, there is normally a cosy              18 h4!                         move is probably the best;
  9 Qf3!?                         square for the white king             White     has    to   quickly      the position remains a
34 Fischer Defence                                                                                                         Fischer Defence 35
mess.                                    41   ...       Ed8              A r a t h e r s t r a n g e move t o          16 ace3 Q x f S
          24 Qxf2      Bxf2              42   $9~3      Bb6          play in t h e King's Gambit,                      17 Q x f S (34)
    If 24 ... Q x f 2 25 Qxf7+           43   EcS       QdS          b u t I f e l t pleased t o justify
@h7 (Otherwise 26 @xh6+)                 44   Qf5       Qe6          moving t h e d-pawn only
26 QxhS and wins quickly                 45   Qe3       Qf7          one square.
a s 26 ... Q x d 3 + 27 @xd3 i s         46   EfS       Qg8                  7     ...             Qg7
check.                                   47   EcS       Qf7             I t i s n o t clear whether
          25 Qxf7+ @ f 8                 48   Qc4+      @a7          this o r t h e immediate 7 ...
          26 QxhS                        49   b4!       Qg8          f 3 i s stronger. In t h e l a t t e r
    And n o t 26 @b4 as!                 SO  bs         Qd5          case, White could play
          26 ...       @xd2+             51  b6+        @b8          something like 8 Qe3, Q c 3 ,
          27 @xd2 Q f 6                  52  Bc7        Qg2          e d 2 a n d 0-0-0.
          2 8 Qdl!                       53  Qe5        Qhl?                 8 c3                  f3
    White i s a pawn up, b u t       53 ... Q h 3 would enable               9 @b3                 &d7              After this logical series
more importantly t h e ex-         Black t o l a s t a little lon-      This            clumsy-looking          of moves, we arrive in a
posed position of t h e black      ger. Now he is going t o g e t    move i s necessary, a s a f t e r          position where White has
king will be relevant right        mated.                            9 ... @e7 10 QfS! QxfS 11                  excellent play f o r t h e pawn.
i n t o t h e endgame.                   5 4 Q d 7 + @a8             e x b 7 Q f 6 12 QbS+! wins.               The white knight i s super-
           ...
          28           h5                55 EcS!        1-0                  10 Q f 4                           ior t o t h e black bishop and,
          29 Ee6       Qg4                                              10 Q f S i s interesting, b u t         a s well as lagging behind in
          30 Qb3       Ed8                   Game 10                 I didn't want to expose my-                development, s l a c k has
           1
          3 Xg6        @e7             Gallagher - G. Flear          self t o a dS-break, e.g.10 ...            chronic dark-square weak-
    The king heads f o r t h e              Paris 1990               Qf8 11 Qf4?! dS! 12 QxdS c6                nesses.
hills. W h a t followed can no                                       13 Q c 4 bS and White pro-                           17...            cS!
d o u b t b e improved upon,                                         bably won't have q u i t e en-                 Black has t o prevent e d 4
b u t b o t h players were in                                        ough f o r t h e sacrificed                a t a l l costs.
desperate time trouble.                                              material.                                             8
                                                                                                                          1 BbS!          @d8!
          32 Q f 5 + @d7                                                     10    ...            Qc6               The only way to save t h e
          33 Eg7+ @c8                                                   Now t h e a t t e m p t t o win         d6-pawn. After 18 ... @xbS
          34 Eh7       Qf6                                           material with 10 ... dS i s n o t          19 Q x d 6 + @e7 20 QxbS,
          35 E h 6     Ef8                                           so good: I1 QxdS Q x d 4 (11 ...           White's s t r o n g centre is
          36 Q g 7     ad5                                           c6 12 Q x b 8 cd (12 ... x x b 8 13        t h e dominant f a c t o r in t h e
          37 QxdS! QxdS                                              Qxc6) 13 Q f S with a s t r o n g          position.
          38 ExhS Qxa2                                               attack) 12 c d c6 13 Qc3! cd                        19 Bxd7+
          39 Bas       Qg8                                           14 Q x d S Q a 6 IS Ecl and                    19 B b 3 i s a l s o playable.
          4 0 E x a 7 @c7                                            Black i s struggling t o find                       19 ...           @xd7
          41 QaS                                                     a legal move.                                       2 0 h3!
     The time control has                                                    1 Qf5
                                                                              1                   QeS               Black's pawn chain be-
been reached and White is                                                    12 a d 2             QaS           gins to crumble. Of course,
t w o pawns up. Although                                                     13 @b4               Qxc4          2 0 ... hS is refuted by 21 hg.
 they a r e doubled, t h e out-                                              14 Q x c 4 Q x f 4                          20 ...           gh
come is n o t in doubt:                                                      15 gf                Qe7                    21 B f 2         @c7
36 Fischer Defence
     22 Qe3             fS                     25 nag1
  If White w a s allowed to               After t h e game I'd f e l t
play 23 f5, he would have             t h a t I'd missed my chance
been able to deal with t h e          by not playing 25 c 4 here.
                                      However, by 25 ... hS! Black
black kingside a t his con-
venience.                             g e t s a reasonable game.          2) Cunningham Defence
     23 @xf31!                                 25...       c4
  This s e e m s premature.               White's centre begins to
By 23 Q d S + @c6 24 Q e 7 +          creek. It's time to bail out.
@c7 25 Q x c 8 Xaxc8 26 @xf3                   26 Xg7      cd                    1    e4         e5              castle. On t h e o t h e r hand,
White g e t s a b e t t e r ending.            27 Q b 4 + @c7                    2    f4         ef              if t h e monarch has to
23 nag1 a l s o l o o k s good.                28 ads+ @c6                       3    433        Qe7 ( 5
                                                                                                      3)         bravely advance to e2, Black
     23     ...         Qd7                    29 Qb4+ &7                                                        usually can't resist t h e
     2 4 ads+ @c6                              30 ads+ %+                                                        check.
                                                                                                                    White has t w o main
                                                                                                                 choices o n his fourth turn:
                                                                                                                 4 Q c 4 and 4 Qc3. Even if
                                                                                                                 you intend to play t h e 4
                                                                                                                 Qc3 variation, you should
                                                                                                                 still familiarise yourself
                                                                                                                 with t h e lines arising from
                                                                                                                 4 Qc4, a s t h e r e are many
                                                                                                                 transpositional possibili-
                                                                             In practice, 3 ... Qe7 is           ties.
                                                                          flsually seen a s o n e of t h e
                                                                          most solid ways of meeting                        Game 11
                                                                          the King's Gambit. Black                              -
                                                                                                                     Gallagher P. Wells
                                                                          calmly s t a r t s to develop                 Islington 1990
                                                                          bis kingside whilst a l s o
                                                                         Biving himself t h e option                   1     e4       e5
                                                                         Of ...Qh4+. I t i s especially                  2 f4         ef
                                                                         W p u l a r a m o n g s t t h e well-           3 Qf3        Qe7
                                                                         Whooled ex-Soviet players.                      4 lpce
                                                                             To check o r n o t to                   One of my very f i r s t
                                                                         check? T h a t i s a much               King's Gambits w a s against
                                                                         Posed question in this vari-            Maya Chiburdanidze in a
                                                                         ation. The general opinion              London weekend tourna-
                                                                         @eems t o b e t h a t if t h e          m e n t in 1985. 3 ... Qe7 was
                                                                         White king has f l a t his              t h e end of my theoretical
                                                                         idisposal, Black's l o s s of           knowledge b u t I had a re-
                                                                         time i s a bigger problem               collection of t h e king
                                                                         khan White's l o s t right to           coming to e2, so I played 4
38 Cunningham Defence                                                                                                             Cunningham Defence 39

d4, assuming i t was t h e                t i t e f o r King's Gambits be-            QxdS fS 10 Qxh4 f e 11 @hS             14 @xe3 Q h 3 and White was
normal move. The game                     came insatiable.                            fie6 12 Qxf4 @xd4! with                in bad shape, Zweigberk -
continued 4 ... Qh4+ S @e2                          4  ...           Q f6             good attacking chances f o r           Oechslein, Corr. 1962.
dS (This i s why 4 Qc3 i s                      4 ... Qh4+ S @fl (Cunn-               Black.                                           s  ...         Qg4
stronger; i t covers t h e dS-            ingham used t o play S g 3 f g                 (c) 7 Qb3 Q g 4 8 d 3 0-0               S ... Q h S i s r a t h e r dubi-
square) 6 eS Q g 4 7 Q x f 4              6 0-0 gh+ 7 B h l . In previous             (37).                                  ous: 6 Qc3 d6 7 ed @xd6
Q e 7 8 h3 Qg6!? 9 hg!?                   centuries, many quick wins                                                         8 d 4 Q c 6 9 0-0 0-0 10 Qe2
Q x f 4 + 10 @e3! Q g 3 (36)              were scored with t h e s e                                                        Q g 4 11 Q e 4 followed by 12
                                          visual sacrifices, b u t mod-                                                     Q f 2 with good attacking
                                          e r n defensive technique                                                         chances f o r White (Estrin
                                          has rendered S g 3 harmless.                                                      and Glaskov) .
                                          These days, players don't                                                                    6 d4!?
                                          take          everything         that's                                               For 6 0-0 see game 12.
                                          offered a s a m a t t e r of hon-                                                     6 Q c 3 is t h e main alter-
                                          our, b u t r e t u r n t h e material                                             native, with play o f t e n
                                          - o r a t l e a s t s o m e o f it - a t                                          transposing to t h e t e x t . I t
                                          an appropriate moment t o                                                         is difficult to say which i s
                                          nullify t h e attack. So, in-               9 @d2!? (9 Q x f 4 allows 9 ... t h e more accurate move
                                          s t e a d of 6 ... gh+, 6 ... dS 7         a x e 4 and 9 Qc3 QhS! 10 order: 6 ... d 6 ( 6 ... dS?! 7
    What a baptism. I re-                 QxdS Q f 6 8 Qxf7+ (8 Q x h 4              Q d S @d6 11 @d2 Q x f 3 12 gf QxdS Qh4+ 8 @fl Q c 6 9
member            now    spending         Q x d S 9 ed @xh4 1 @e2+       0            c6 13 Qc3 @h8 14 @g2 led to Qxc6+ b c 10 d 3 0-0 11 Q x f 4
s o m e time looking a t 11               @d8 i s good f o r Black) 8 ...             a slight advantage f o r Black f6 12 e6 fS 13 Q x h 4 @xh4 14
Qgl!?, with t h e idea of                 @xf7 9 eS (9 Q x h 4 @d4+) 9                in J. Wells         - C o r k e t t , @el is good f o r White
winning t h e bishop with                  ... Q h 3 10 ef Q x f l 11 @xfl            Corr. 1989, although White ( ~ e r e s j ;o r 6 ... Qh4+?! 7
@f3 and @xg3 b u t 1 had t h e            gh+ 12 @hl Qxf6 with a                      should b e a b l e to improve @fl Q f 2 ? 8 @el winning)
feeling Black might be able               clear advantage f o r Black                o n 10 QdS) 9 ... Q x f 3 1 gf and now:
                                                                                                                  0
to g e t a s t r o n g a t t a c k , so   in Krejcik - Schlechter, Vi-               Q h S 11 @g2! Q c 6 12 @g4                 (a) 7 d 4 d e 8 d e @xdl+ 9
I played 11 Q c 3 and a f t e r 11        enna 1918) S ... dS (This is               @gS 13 n g l @xg4 14 fg! with Q x d l Qe6! 10 Qxe6 f e 11 h3
... f 6 12 Q e 2 a x e 2 13 @xe2           t h e only way f o r Black t o            a good g a m e f o r White.            Q h 6 12 Q x f 4 and although
f e I had to g o pawn grabb-               fight f o r t h e initiative) 6                  5 eS                            White has slightly t h e
ing with 14 @bS+. There                   QxdS (6 ed is interesting                     The only testing move:              b e t t e r of it, Black should
followed: 14 ... Q c 6 IS @xb7             and, in fact, transposes t o                 (a) S d 3 i s passive: S ... dS be a b l e to defend.
Q x d 4 16 Qd3! n b 8 17 @a6 e 4           t h e n o t e t o Black's fourth          6 ed Q x d S 7 QxdS @xdS 8                (b) 7 e d @xd6 (7 ... Qxd6
18 @g6+!! (This certainly                  move in Spassky - Bron-                   Qxf4 is a b o u t equal.               8 @e2+ i s similar to t h e
s t a r t l e d my opponent) 18 ...        stein, game 24) 6 ... Q f 6                  (b) S Qc3 has a justifi-            main game) 8 H e 2 (8 d 4 is
hg 19 Bxh8+ @d7 20 Exd8+                   and now White has:                        8bly p o o r reputation: S ... t h e n o t e to Black's s e v -
n x d 8 21 @xd4 e d 22 @xdS!                    (a) 7 Qxh4!? Q x d S 8 ed            %e4 6 Q e S (6 Qxf7+ @xf7 e n t h move) 8 ... 0-0 9 d 4
d c 23 n c l with a small ad-             @xh4 9 @el+ (9 d4) with a                  7 QeS+ @g8! 8 a x e 4 d6! 9 Q c 6 10 Q d S (10 Q b S is in-
vantage f o r White, although              favourable pawn s t r u c t u r e         a 3 dS i s bad) 6 ... Q g S 7 d 4 teresting              when          Black
t h e game w a s eventually                in t h e ending.                          a   8 Q d 3 f3! 9 gf 0-0 (9 ... should play 10 ... @h6! with
drawn in a blitz finish.                         (b) 7 Qc3 0-0 8 d4!? (8 d3          &3!?) 10 Qe3 Be8 11 @d2 an unclear game) 10 ... Qe3!
After t h i s game my appe-                i s more solid) 8 ... Q x d S 9                 12 @fl Q c 6 13 dS n x e 3 11 Q x e 3 f e 12 @xe3 Ee8 13
40 Cunningham Defence                                                                                                   Cunningham Defence 41
0-0- Gallagher - Vladim-               However, 9 dS doesn't                  and 13 Q g S promise White             Gambit endings.
irov, Hastings 1990/91.                really fit in with White's             a good game.                               (b) Good bishop against
        6   ...        dS              scheme of development.                           1
                                                                                       1 Qd3         Ed8             poorly placed black knight.
   6 ... Q h 4 + occurred in           Instead, 9 Qd3! would en-                  An attempt to hang o n to              (c) An active king.
Gallagher - Hebden, Has-               able White to fight f o r the          t h e f-pawn would prove                   (d) The opportunity to use
tings 1989/90. After 7 @fl             advantage; 9 ... Qe3 can be            unsuccessful, e.g. 11 ... h6           t h e semi-open g-file to
Qe3+ ( n o t 7 ... Q f 2 8 e e l ) 8   answered by 10 @e2.                    12 Q e 4 gS 13 h4!; 11 ... Qe3         cause Black some problems
a x e 3 f e 9 @d3 0-0 10 Q c 3             The game Hebden -                  a l s o leads to a good game          on t h e kingside.
d6 11@xe3 Q c 6 White could            Fassert, Guernsey 1988,                f o r White after 12 Q x e 3 f e           When you bear in mind
have obtained dangerous                followed a course more to              13 0-0 fS 14 QgS f 4 15 Qe2.          that, o n t o p of all t h e s e
attacking chances by 12                White's liking: 7 ... @xd6 8               However, a f t e r 11 ... E d 8   pure c h e s s reasons, Black
@e4! Qe7 13 h4.                        0-0 0-0 9 Q c 3 c6? (This is a         White can also steer t h e            was already desperately
       7    ed!                        serious mistake a f t e r which        game i n t o a favourable end-        s h o r t of time (not uncom-
   Previous         publications       White's a t t a c k soon be-           ing.                                  mon in t h e King's Gambit),
have usually condemned 6               comes irresistible) 10 h3                      12 Q e 4      QdS             one begins to appreciate
d4, b u t f o r s o m e reason         Qe3 (10 ... Q f 6 11 QeS) 1        1           13 Qxdb Exd6                  the full e x t e n t of his diffi-
they have only considered 7            Qxe3 fe 12 Q e S Q h 4 (This is                14 Qxf4       Ee6+            culties.
Qd3 here. That this i s a              r a t h e r optimistic, b u t 12 ...           1 s           af2                      19 c 4        'ad7
mistake can b e seen f r o m           Qe6 13 Q e 4 i s pretty terr-              Black has to exchange                      2 0 Exe6 f e
the continuation of t h e              ible) 13 Dxf7 Qe6 14 Qe4               t h e active white minor                   Black wants to contain
game Lutikov - Estrin, Len-            Qf2+ 15 @h2 e x e s + 16 de            pieces a s quickly a s poss-          White's centre but in doing
ingrad 1951: 7 ... Qh4+! 8             Qxf7 17 e6 1-0.                        ible.                                 so f u r t h e r weakens his
@e2 Q f 2 9 @el Qxd3 10                          8 @e2+!                              16 Ehel       Qxd3            kingside.
e x h 4 Q x c l + 11 Excl @xh4             A good moment to opt                       17 @xd3 Qxf3                           2i QeS        g6
12 Q x h 4 Q c 6 13 c 3 0-0 14         f o r an ending.                                8
                                                                                      1 gf          Q a 6 (38)               22 @e4        Qb4
@f2 f 6 with advantage to                        8 ...          @e7                                                          23 he!        Qc6
Black.                                     8 ... @f8 is n o t recom-                                                         24 hS         gh
       7    ...       Qx*              mended.                                                                               25 E h l      Ef8
   As this s e e m s to lead                     9 @xe7+ @xe7                                                                26 ExhS E f 7
into a bad endgame, 7 ...                        10 Qc3          Qe6                                                         27 Ehl!
e x d 6 i s more critical. The              It's not easy f o r Black to                                                White's rook is much
game Gallagher - Chibur-               find a path to equality. If                                                  more active on t h e f i r s t
danidze, Biel 1990, worked             t h e f-pawn is l o s t , then                                               rank, a s i t can easily switch
out badly f o r m e after 8            White's control in t h e cen-                                                t o t h e queenside where
Qc3 Qe6 9 dS?! Qd7 10 H e 2            tre should guarantee him                                                     White is a b o u t to open up a
0-0 11Q e 4 @b6 12 Qxf4 QfS            a t least a slight edge. 10 ...                                              second front.
13 Q g 3 &6 14 h3 a d 6 15             QfS i s an alternative, but                There are several f a c t o r s            27...         Qe7
Qxd6 @xd6 16 0-0-0 @f4+                a f t e r 11Qb3 (or 11QdS+ @d8         which, when p u t together,               Of course 27 ... Q x e S
17 @bl Qe3 18 E d 4 e x g 3 19         12 c3 Be8+ 13 @fl Q e 3 + 14           add u p t o a sizeable advan-         leads to a very depressing
e x e 3 @xg2 20 E h 2 @g3 21           Qxe3 fe 15 E e l with a good           t a g e f o r White:                  rook ending f o r Black.
Dg4 @d6 and White was a                game) 1 ... Ee8 12 0-0, the
                                                    1                             (a) E x t r a central pawn o n             28 b 4        c6
pawn d o w n with n o attack.          t h r e a t s of 13 a d s + , 13 QbS   d4, typical of many King's                     29 a 4        bS?
42 Cunningham Defence                                                                                                            Cunningham Defence 43
    Black had to wait pass-                                                         ing; (b) d r o p his knight              E d 8 17 Q d S White is over
ively and hope t h a t t h e re-                                                    back to e7 giving White                  t h e worst.
duced material would give                                                           time to s t a r t an a t t a c k ; o r         (b) 10 ... gS 11 h3. Bhend
him drawing chances. With                                                           (c) give u p t h e right to              now gives 11 ... Q h 6 12 Q e 4
t h e t e x t , he gains a nice                                                     castle and hope to hang o n              Qe7 13 dS a s slightly b e t t e r
o u t p o s t f o r his knight, b u t                                               to his e x t r a pawn.                   f o r White, whilst Estrin
t h e price paid i s too high.                                                               9   ...       @f8               and Glaskov a l s o consider
       30 ab             cb                                                             (a) 9 ... B e 7 10 @xe7+             11 ... hS!? 12 Q e 4 Qe7 13 B c 3
       31 cb             QdS                                                        @xe7 (10 ... a x e 7 11 QgS) 11          Eh7 14 Q f x g S QxgS 15 Q x g S
       32    Ed!         Qc3+                                                       Qc3 QfS 12 Q d S + with a                @xgS 16 Q x f 4 @d8 17 dS!
       33 @d3               QxbS                                                    slight advantage to White.               Q e 7 18 hg Qxg4 19 QgS
    33 ... Exf3+ 3 4 @c4 Q d S                                                         (b) 9 ... Q e 7 10 h3 Q h 6 ( o r     Q x d S 20 Exf7+ @xf7 21
looks dangerous, b u t a f t e r                                                    10 ... Q f 6 11 Q e S QxeS 12            Q x d 8 winning f o r White.
35 Exa7+ @c8 36 b6!,                                                                @xeS 0-0 13 @xf4 with a                              1
                                                                                                                                        1 Qh4        @gS
White's king is f r e e to                                                          clear advantage to White)                    After this, White ach-
s t r o l l i n t o t h e Black posit-                                              11 Q e S gS 12 h 4 f 6 and now           ieves a clearly b e t t e r end-
ion.                                          The        young          Spanish     Estrin and Glaskov consid-               ing, b u t t h e complications
           3 4 @c4          Q d 6 + (39)   grandmaster Illescas i s o n e           e r t h a t White h a s t h e bet-       don't look too good f o r
                                           of t h e very few s t r o n g            ter chances a f t e r 13 hg f g          Black. After 11 ... Q x d 4 ,
                                           players w h o employ t h e               14 Q f 3 .                               Freeman - Borwell, Corr.
                                           King's Gambit with any                           10 Qc3 (41)                      1970, continued 12 Q x f 4
                                           regularity.                                                                       Q e 6 13 Qxe6 Qxe6 14. Qg3
                                                    6   ...         Qc6                                                      Qxg3 15 B x g 3 Q f 6 16 QfS
                                               6 ... dS i s a l s o possible                                                 with good play f o r t h e
                                           and a f t e r 7 e d @xd6 8 d 4                                                    pawn. 14 Ed1 looks even
                                           we reach similar positions                                                        b e t t e r , e.g. 14 ... QcS+ 15
                                           to t h o s e in t h e n o t e to 7 ...                                            @hl B e 7 16 Q e 4 Qb6 17 h3
                                           Qxd6 in Gallagher - Wells.                                                        with a clear advantage to
                                                    7 d4            dS                                                       White.
                                                    8 ed                                                                               12 Q x f S @xfS
                                               8 Q b 3 would be a n e r r o r                                                          13 Be4!       Bxe4
                                           a s t h e blocked nature of                                                                 14 a x e 4
                                           t h e centre allows Black t o
                                           play 8 ... gS!
                                                                                              10 ...        QfS                 The f-pawn is now l o s t
                                                                                        Alternatively:                       and White's superiority is
                                                    8   ...         Qxd6                (a) 10 ... Q x d 4 11 Q x d 4        evident.
                                               Again 8 ... B x d 6 should           QcS 12 E x f 4 Qxd4+ 13 @hl                        14 ...        Ed8
                                           b e considered.                          was good f o r White in                      14 ... Q x d 4 15 Q x d 6 cd 16
             Game 12                                9 Be1+!                         Bhend - Muller, Basel 1963.              Qxf4 n d 8 17 Eadl leaves
                 -
      Illescas Fernandez                       This check gives Black               Instead of 12 ... Qxd4+, 12 ...          Black helpless.
         Las Palmas 1987                   t h r e e choices. He can (a)
                                           interpose his queen allow-
                                                                                    B x d 4 + l o o k s like fun, b u t             1s   c3        ass
                                                                                    a f t e r 13 E x d 4 Qxd4+ 14 @fl               16 Q x d 6     Exd6
                                           ing; White a pleasant end-               axh2+ IS @e2 Qg4+ 16 @d3                        17 Qe2         Qe3
44 Cunningham Defence                                                                                            Cunningham Defence 45
       1 gxf4
        8               Re6           White has a major alter-          and b e t t e r f o r White by       tinued 10 ... cd?! 11 Q x h 4
           19 Q f 3     c6        native here in 5 d 4 a f t e r        Estrin and Glaskov. My               e x h 4 12 e e l ! @gS+ 13 @f2+
                                  which 5 ... dS is Black's
    19 ... Q c 2 2 0 g b l g e l + 21                                   view leans t o w a r d s t h e       @d8 14 @gl Ee8 IS e f 2 He3
@f2 g h l 2 2 QdS! f 6 23 gxf6+!  only sensible reply. And              latter. Play could continue          16 e x e 3 g x e 3 17 a d 5 Be8 18
wins.                             now:                                  1 ... @h8 13 Q x h 4 e x h 4 14
                                                                         2                                   c 3 with the b e t t e r game f o r
           2 0 b31                    (a) 6 ed Q x d S 7 Q x d S        @g3 @hS IS @gl with t h e            White.
    Now White's queenside         B x d S 8 c 4 e e 4 + 9 @f2 Q g 4     idea of h3 and @h2 to con-                      7 axe3 f e
e n t e r s t h e game with dev-  10 Qd3 Qh4+ 11 g3 @xf3+ 12            nect t h e rooks) 8 a x e 4 Qd6                 8 Qc4        d6
a s t a t i n g effect.           e x f 3 Qxf3 13 g e l + Qe7 14        9 0-0 Q d 7 (9 ... 0-0 10 Q e S                9 0-0
           20...        QdS       @xf3 f g IS Q f 4 Q c 6 16 d5         gives White a n edge) 10                  9 e d 3 first, with t h e op-
           21 Qa3+ @g8            Q d 4 + 17 @xg3 @d7 18 QeS!          e d 3 (The immediate 10 c 4           tion of castling long, looks
           22 QxdS      cd        (The game Yuneev - Rosen-             occurred in Balashov - Ro-           more accurate.
           23 g f S     ga6       talis, USSR Ch 1989, saw 18           sentalis, Minsk 1983 and                       9 ...         0-0
           2 4 BxdS     g6        Qxc7? Qh4+ with advantage             a f t e r 10 ... c6 (10 ... cS i s             1 Bd3
                                                                                                                         0           Qc6
           25 E d 7     Qc6       to Black) 18 ... cS (or 18 ...       interesting) 11 Qc2 0-0 12                       1
                                                                                                                       1 ed          cd
           26 Q b 2     1-0       Qf6 19 Qxf6 gf 20 @f4) 19            Qel!? e h 4 13 e f 3 gS 14 &d3             Better was 11 ... Qxd6 b u t
                                  dc+ (19 Q x d 4 cd 20 QfS+ is        Q f 6 IS Q f 3 B h S 16 Qd2 Q g 4     White retains a n edge a f t e r
            Game 13               a l s o possible) 19 ...Q x c 6 20   17 g a e l g a d 8 18 Qc3, White      12 Q e 4 Qe7 13 Bxe3. H i s
                   -
       Spassky Holmov             QfS+ @e8 21 Qc3 with good            had reasonable compensa-              s t r o n g centre pawn and t h e
         Leningrad 1963           play f o r t h e pawn.               tion f o r t h e pawn) 10 ... h6      half-open f-file more t h a n
                                      (b) 6 Qd3 and Black has          11 c 4 cS 12 b 4 cd 13 cS Qe7         compensate f o r t h e t w o
                                  several moves:                       14 Q x f 4 and White held t h e       bishops.
                                      (bl) 6 ... cS 7 d c d e 8        advantage in Spassky - Naj-                          a 1 Qg4
                                                                                                                       12 g e
                                  a x e 4 a x e 4 9 a x e 4 @xdl+      dorf, Varna 1962.                               13 Exe3
                                  10 @xdl led to a n unclear                     s ...         Qg4               White's forces are har-
                                  ending in Udasina- Akhmil-                     6 d4!?                      moniously deployed.
                                  ovskaya, Kishniev 1983, b u t
                                  7 eS certainly s u g g e s t s it-
                                                                            6 Q c 4 would t a k e u s back              ...
                                                                                                                       13            @ha
                                                                       i n t o familiar territory (see                 14 Q d S      QgS
                                  self.                                notes to White's s i x t h move                  s
                                                                                                                       1 Q x g S BxgS
                                       (b2) 6 ... Q b 4 7 eS Q e 4 8   from g a m e 11).                               16 Bg3        BhS
                                  0-O! Q x c 3 9 b c Qxc3 10 g b 1               6 ...         Qe3                     17 he31 (43)
                                  Q c 6 11 Q x f 4 Q x d 4 12 Q g S        6 ... Qh4+ looks stronger:
                                  Q f S 13 Q x f 7 @xf7 14 g 4         7 @ e 2 Q e 3 (7 ... d 6 8 Q x f 4
                                  with advantage to White              Qf2 9 e e l Q g 4 10 ed! is
                                  (Glaskov).                           good f o r White) 8 a x e 3 (8
                                      (b3) 6 ...d e (The solid way     @d3 should b e considered)
        4    ...        Qf6       i s probably t h e b e s t ) 7       8 ... f e 9 a x e 3 d 6 10 ed and
   Of c o u r s e t h e check o n a x e 4 a x e 4 (7 ... Q c 6 8       now by 10 ... 0-0 Black
h 4 i s more critical and will Q x f 4 0-0 9 c 3 a x e 4 10            would g e t s o m e attacking
b e examined in g a m e s 14 Q x e 4 Qh4+ 11 @fl Q g 4 12              chances in r e t u r n f o r t h e
and 15.                           e d 3 i s considered good f o r      material. Instead, Bangiev -
        S eS                      Black by Korchnoi and Zak            Egin, Simferopol 1985, con-
46 Cunningham Defence                                                                                               Cunningham Defence 47
   This effective reposi-                 3   Qf3       Qe7               @f2 Q f 6 8 Qc4 Qg4+ 9 @gl play f o r Black. The game
tioning of t h e knight will              4   Qc3       Qh4+              0-0 10 h3 Qe3 11 Qxe3 f e 12 Hebden - Flear, Lewisham
force Black t o exchange his              S   @e2 (44)                   @h2 d6 13 E f l and, accord-         1982, continued: 9 h3 Qxf3+
main defender of t h e king-                                              ing t o Euwe, White has a 10 @xf3 f e 11 QxeS Q e 7 12
side. He will then b e a t t h e   44   HMQ;@*@4b@                        clear advantage.                    g3 0-0+ 13 @g2 Q f S 14 a h 2
mercy of White's rampant           B    gjzggz@zggz                          (c) S ... d6 6 d 4 Q g 4 7 Q e 3 with a clear advantage
                                                                         @f4 QgS (or 7 ... Q c 6 8 t o Black.
major pieces.
           ...                           @ @ @                                                                    (b) 7 Q x f 4 d e (7 ... Q g 4 8
        17               Qd7
    And n o t 17 ... Qe6 18 Qxe6        B @ BY,,<@                       e d 3 a g e 7 9 @d2 Q x f 3 10 gf
                                                                         @d7 11 Ed1 0-0-0 12 @cl B d 3 Q e 7 9 @d2! Qxf3 10
f e 19 E x f 8 + E x f 8 20 Eh3!         @ @2&                            with a slightly b e t t e r game B x f 3 Q g 6 11 Qe3 d e 12
        18 Q f S          QxfS          @   g @a@
                                             2                           f o r White in Planinc- Ivkov, B x e 4 + B e 7 13 g3 B x e 4 14
        19 E x f 5        Bh4           R@A;@e@Rq                        Yugoslav Ch 1976) 8 QxgS!? a x e 4 Qe7 15 E e l Q d 7 16 h4
        20 c 3            Be7
                                        , ,
                                        ,,,
                                         ,,
                                          4 gg~~,ag~                      (8 Ud2) 8 ... BxgS 9 B d 3 with a good game f o r White
        21 ne3!                                                          Q c 6 10 B e 3 B h S 11 a d 2 in Spassky - Meyer, Bun-
    The queen is driven t o an                S ...       c6             &h6?! 12 QdS 0-0-0 13 c3 desliga 1984/85) 8 a x e 4
inferior square.                       Black naturally wants t o         with t h e b e t t e r game f o r B e 7 9 e d 3 (9 QeS!? could
        21 ...            Bd7      create s o m e play in t h e          White in Ermenko - Kul-              lead t o a t o t a l mess a f t e r 9
        22 g e f 3        ad8      centre whilst t h e white king        manovsky, Corr. 1982/83.             ... f6 10 Q d 6 + @d8 11 Q x h 4
    22 ... f6 would lead t o       has taken up residence                          6 d4           dS          f e 12 Q h f S QxfS 13 Q x f S
disaster on t h e white            there. The immediate S ...                      7 Bd2!? (45)              U e 6 14 de+ @c8) 9 ... QfS 10
squares. After 23 EhS h6 24        dS is much sharper and is                                                 QeS Qxe4 11 e x e 4 Qf6 12
&6!, White threatens both          seen in game 15, b u t Black's                                            @d3!? Q d 7 13 Qd6 B x e 4 + 14
25 Qd3 and 25 g f h 3 , whilst     other moves a r e n o t s o                                               a x e 4 and White has a
24 ... Q e 7 and 24 ... B e 8      critical:                                                                 slightly b e t t e r endgame.
b o t h fail t o 25 gxh6+.              (a) S ... Qe7 (Black re-                                                     7     ...       de
        23 Be41                    t r e a t s his misplaced bishop,                                             7 ... gS? 8 @dl! led Black
    As well a s preventing         b u t t w o tempi is a heavy                                              into real trouble in Gall-
Q e 6 , t h e queen now has        price t o pay f o r White                                                 agher - Jacobs, Portsmouth
access t o t h e h-file.           having t o move his king)                                                 1986. The game continued 8
        23 ...            g6       6 d 4 gS (6 ... Q f 6 is pro-                                             ... Q f 6 9 ed Qg4 10 Qe2 Qxf3
        24 Bh4!           gg8      bably best. After 7 Q x f 4 d s                                           11 Qxf3 cd 12 g3! f g 13 &el+
    24 ... B x f S 25 XxfS gf 26   8 QxdS Q x d S 9 ed BxdS 10              This s t r a n g e move comes Q e 4 14 a x e 4 de 15 B x e 4 +
@f6+ is obviously hopeless         @f2 White had an edge in              from t h e fertile mind of @f8 16 B x b 7 @xd4+ 17 Qd2
f o r Black.                       Balashov - Agzamov, USSR              Mark Hebden. The white gh 18 @b4+ B x b 4 19 Qxb4+
        25 n x f 7        1-0      Ch 1983) 7 @f2 d6 8 Q c 4            queen will b e very active on @g7 20 Qxa8 and White's
                                   Q f 6 (If 8 ... Q h 6 9 h 4 g 4 10   'f4 and should b e able t o e x t r a rook dealt easily with
          Game 14                  Q g S QxgS 11 hg BxgS 12             control events in t h e cen-         t h e black pawns.
      Gallagher - Faure            QdS) 9 h 4 Q x e 4 + 10 a x e 4      tre. The alternatives are:                   8 a x e 4 Qf6
        Geneva 1989                        1
                                   dS 1 h g d c 12 Q x f 4 with a           (a) 7 eS?! (As usual, it's           8 ... Qe7 9 B x f 4 Q f 6 10
                                   very good game f o r White           rarely good t o block t h e Q x f 6 + Qxf6 11 @f2 0-0 12
                                   (Cheremisin).                        c e n t r e in t h i s manner) 7 ... Qd3 is pleasant f o r White.
                                        (b) S ... QgS 6 d 4 Qh6 7       &g4 8 Q x f 4 f6 with good                   9 Uxf4 a x e 4
4 8 Cunningham Defence                                                                                               Cunningham Defence 49

                                    ous.                                 26 f g hg 27 E e 7 and White            33 E h 8 @g7 34 E h e 8 @f7
                                            18 ...         Qf5           @houldb e able to hold t h e            with a repetition.
                                            19 QeS?!                    balance.                                       29 a d 7 1      Efe8
                                       19 @d2 was better.                      24     ...       axe6                29 ... E g 8 ? 3 0 Egl+ @h7
                                            19 ...         ads+?!              25 Xf6           @g7              31 Rxf7+ Q x f 7 (31 ... @h8 32
                                       19 ... Qxc2 s e e m s per-              26 Eef1          Qd8              Rxg8+ and 33 E f 8 + ) 32 Q f 6 +
                                    fectly s a f e f o r Black, e.g.       This i s passive, 26 ... Q f 4 !      @h8 33 x x g 8 mate, i s rather
                                    2 0 Rhfl @g7 (20 ... QdS+ 21        27 c3 E d 5 (27 ... Q d 3 + 28           pretty.
                                    QxdS cd 22 Ec1 (or 22 E f 6         @c2) 28 Qg4 Q g 6 leaves
                                    @g7 23 Ref 1 Qg6 24 Q x g 6 = )     White with insufficient
                                    22 ... E a c 8 23 @d2 (23 E f 2     compensation.                              White wins t h e exchange
                                    Qf5) 23 ... Q e 4 24 Q d 7 nxc1            27 h4!                            and t h e r e s t wasn't too
                                    25 nxc1 E d 8 26 Q f 6 + @g7           White m u s t try to prise            difficult.
                                    27 a x e 4 d e 28 @e3 fS 29         open t h e kingside before                     3 ...
                                                                                                                        1            E4e6
                                    Ec7+ is a very unclear rook         Black can consolidate.                         32 Q f 6 + E x f 6
    Like in t h e good o l d        ending) 21 n f 2 Qg6 22 E e f l            27     ...                              33 Rxf6      Be7
days, t h e monarch leads his       QdS+ 23 QxdS cd 24 n f b               If 27 ... Be8 28 Qxf7! g f 8                34 Ed6       Qe6
army in to battle. Although         and White threatens to              29 hg h g 30 Qd6! E x f 6 31                   35 Bgd1 @g7
Black may b e a b l e to gain       exchange to a drawn king            Qe8+ with equality. Maybe                      36 E d 7     @f8
s o m e time attacking t h e        and pawn ending (If 24 ...          Black can try 27 ... g4, b u t                 37 Bxe7 @xe7
king i t is, nevertheless, well     E f e 8 25 Exf7+!).                 White remains with suff-                       38 x f 1     f6
centralised f o r t h e end-                2 0 @d2        Bad8         icient play f o r t h e pawn.                  39 g f 3     Qg7
game.                                       21 E h f l                         2 8 gh          Be4? (47)               PO @d2       f5
       12  ...          Qf6             21 @cl Q b 6 22 n h f l (22                                                    41 Rb3       b6
       13 a c 4         0-0         c3) 22 ... Q x c 4 23 XxfS                                                         42 Ba3       aS
       14 QgS           Qd7         n x d 4 24 Q x c 4 Bxc4 25 Be7                                                     43 Bc3       @d6
       15 nae1          h6          and White's active rooks                                                           4 4 Bg3!     Qe6
       16 a x f 6                   compensate f o r t h e pawn.                                                       45 Bg6       e 5
    White could a l s o con-                21 ...         Qe6                                                         46 g x h 6 f 4
sider keeping t h e bishops                 22 @c1                                                                     47 c3        1-0
on.                                     If 22 c3 then 22 ... cS.
       16  ...          Qxf6+               22 ...         Q f 4!                                                         Game 15
       17 @f4!?                         Suddenly, White's posi-                                                      Arnason - Wedburg
    This i s r a t h e r provoca-   tion feels r a t h e r loose and                                                    Randers 1985
tive. 17 @d3 should guaran-         he i s now forced to sac-              Better i s 2 8 ... E d 5 29
tee White a n edge, e.g. 17 ...     rifice a pawn.                      g6fS f6 30 E g l + @h7 31 Q g 6                1    e4      e5
QfS+ 18 @d2 Q e 4 + 19 @cl                  23 g3!                      8 x f S 32 Q x f 8 + @h8 33 Q g 6 +            2    f4      ef
a d 6 20 Qb3.                           Not 23 Qxe6 fe! with a          with a draw by perpetual                      3     Qf3    Qe7
       17  ...           gS+!?      good game f o r Black.              check.                                         4    Qc3    Qh4+
       18 @e3                               23 ...         Ed41            28 ... n x h 4 a l s o s e e m s to        5     @e2     d 5 (48)
    Going t h e o t h e r way               24 Qxe6!?                   draw: 29 Q g 6 f g 30 E x f 8              Black   returns the extra
looked distinctly danger-               24 gf Qxc4 25 Q x c 4 n x c 4   &4 31 Be8 E d 7 32 Bfel @f7              pawn in   order to speed up
5 0 Cunningham Defence                                                                                                 Cunningham Defence 51

his development.                     centre enables him t o                      position.                          weaknesses give   Black just
                                     calmly improve t h e position                       I8 a a d l   a6            enough play t o    hold t h e
                                     of his king. Once t h e knight                      19 Qc4      Rc8            draw.
                                     on f 3 becomes unpinned,                            20 Ehel     gS!?                 26 Re3      Qxd4
                                     Black will face serious                         The b e s t chance t o g e t         27 nxd4     JJd6
                                     problems) 11 ... 0-0-0 12                   his rook into t h e game, b u t          28 Qb7      Ef6+
                                     @c2@h6 (12 ... Qxf3 13 gf is                of course t h e dark squares             29 @g3      JJc7
                                     clearly better f o r White) 13              a r e now terribly weak.                 30 Qf3      Qb6
                                     Q x h 4 (13 h3!? &3 14 hg is                        21 QeS                           31 Bed3     Qc4
                                     a n idea of Bucker's) 13 ...                    It could well have been             32 Ed5       h6
                                     @xh4 and now 14 g3! gives                   time to p a r t with t h e t w o         33 h4       gh+
                                     White t h e advantage.                      bishops. 21 Qd6 looks good              34 a x h 4   Be7
       6 QxdS Qf6                              10 dc           @e7               f o r White.                            35 g5        hg+
   In Gallagher - Jacobs,                      I1 HdS!                                  21  ...      Xg8                 36 ExgS      Be1
Calella 1985, Black tried a              Black has no time t o                          22 g4        Xg6                 37 Ed1       gf4+
more direct approach: 6 ...          profit from t h e exposed                          23 b4        bS                  38 Eg4       gxg4+
Qg4 7 d 4 fS!? 8 @d3 Q e 7 9         position of t h e queen, a s                       24 QdS       Qd7                 39 Qxg4      ge4
Q x f 4 Q b c 6 10 c 3 B d 7 11 eS   a f t e r 11 ... Q c 6 12 Q x f 4 g d 8 ,          25 Qd4       Qf61                40 Ed4       Be3
gS and I now blundered               White has 13Qd6.                               Now Black is able t o ex-            41 Qc8       axc3
with 12 g3? gf 13 g h a x e s .                11  ...         Qd7               change t h e bishops under              42 Qxa6      Qa3
Instead, t h e simple 12 Q h 3                 12 Qxf4 Qf6                       more favourable circum-                 43 e g s     gc2
would have given White a                       13 $eS          axe4              stances. Although White                 44 QdS       Qxa2
good game.                                     14 Be31         Qxf3              still has a n edge, his own            45 QxbS       %-%
        7 Qxf6+ Bxf6                           IS QbS+ @f8
        8 d4                                   16 Bxe7+ Qxe7
   8 d 3 deserves serious                      17 @xf3 QxcS (49)
consideration. By keeping
his c e n t r e more compact,
White rules o u t any sac-
rifices from Black. Bangiev
- Petrov, Simferopol 1985,
continued: 8 ... Qg4 9 @d2
@b6 10 @dl Qxf3+ 11 gf gS
and now 12 c3! would give
White t h e b e t t e r chances.
        8   ...          LEg4
        9 c3             cS!?
   9 ... Q c 6 has occurred              The complications are
more frequently, b u t by 10         over and White has em-
@d2! White obtains a pro-            erged with a clear advan-
mising position, e.g. 10 ...         t a g e d u e t o his active
gS 11 @dl! (White's s t r o n g      bishops and b e t t e r king
                                                                                                                              Kieseritzky Gambit 53
                                                                                                                        with a crushing attack f o r
                                                                                                                        White in Szewczak - Dona-
                                                                                                                        t o , Golden Knights 1980.
                                                                                                                             (a2) 6 ... d 6 7 Q x g 4 fS
3) Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                   ( a f t e r 7 ... @xe4+ 8 @e2 dS
                                                                                                                        (8 ... QfS 9 Q x f 4 @xe2+ 10
                                                                                                                       Qxe2 Qxc2 11 Q c 3 QfS 12
                                                                                                                       Q d S is a l s o good f o r White)
                                                                                                                        9 Q f 2 @xe2+ 10 Qxe2 Qd6 11
       1       e4        eS              sometimes have t o b e a                                                      Q d 3 with advantage t o
       2      f4         ef              little ruthless.                                                               White in Kieseritzky - Du-
       3      Qf3        gS                  4 h 4 has t h e advantage                                                 monch, Paris 1849) 8 Q f 2
         4 h4            g4              of forcing 4 ... g4, thereby                                                  Q f 6 9 Q x f 4 a x e 4 (9 ... f e 10
         S QeS                           weakening Black's kingside                                                    dS!) 10 @hS+ @d8 11Qe2 Q f 6
    Before dealing with t h e            pawns. Now, White has t o                                                     12 '@f3 Q c 6 13 c3 and White
Kieseritzky, I would just                consider S QgS. I have t o
                                         admit t h a t I have a certain
                                                                                       S  ...          hS              is clearly o n top.
like to comment a l i t t l e o n                                                 The       so-called       "Long           (b) S ... Q c 6 6 d4! a x e 5 7
t h e moves leading up t o t h e         weakness f o r t h e Allgaier        Whip" variation. The f a c t             d e d 6 8 Q x f 4 @e7 (8 ... LEg7
Gambit, a s t h e s e will n o t         Gambit, and i t i s with a           t h a t i t i s n o t seen very          9 Q c 3 d e 10 @xd8+ @xd8 11
b e examined elsewhere in                heavy heart t h a t I inform         often t h e s e days does n o t          0-0-0+ Qd7 12 Qe3 with a
t h i s book.                            you t h a t my a t t e m p t s to    need much explanation.                   clear advantage t o White) 9
    3 ... gS is, of course, o n e        rehabilitate t h e line have         Black f a l l s behind in dev-          QbS+ c6 10 e d @xe4+ 11 @e2
of t h e m o s t important re-           n o t been rewarded. How-           elopment and s o o n be-                  with a b e t t e r game f o r
plies t o t h e King's Gambit.           ever, t h e Hamppe-Allgaier         comes exposed t o a s t r o n g           White (Bhend).
Black isn't going t o play               Gambit can b e seen in chap-        attack.                                       (c) S ... Qe7 6 Qclt.! Qxh4+
half-heartedly; t h e sound-             t e r five of this book.                There a r e many o t h e r            7 @fl dS 8 QxdS Q h 6 9 d 4
n e s s of t h e gambit i s going            5 h e 5 is t h e Kieseritzky,   possibilities, of which S ...            LEgS 10 4 3 3 c6 11 Qb3 f 6 12
to b e t e s t e d . The t w o m o s t   a gambit which has been             dS, S ... d6, S ... LEg7 and S ...       Q d 3 @xd4 13 Q x f 4 Q x f 4 14
common f o u r t h moves f o r           known f o r over f o u r hun-       Q f 6 will b e seen in subse-            Q x f 4 @xdl+ 15 E x d l with a
White a r e 4 Q c 4 a n d 4 h4.          dred years. Strangely en-           q u e n t games. The o t h e r l e s s    clear advantage f o r White
In t h i s book, w e shall b e           ough, t h i s i s more than o n e   common alternatives a r e                 (Bilguer).
only examining t h e l a t t e r .       can say f o r Mr Kieseritzky.       d e a l t with below:                                6 Qc4        Eh7
Although 4 Q c 4 is un-                      Black now has many                   (a) S ... @e7 6 d 4 and now:             Black has fared n o b e t t e r
doubtedly of great interest,             ways to combat t h e gambit,            (a1) 6 ... fS i s b e s t m e t by   with 6 ... Qh6: 7 d 4 @f6 (7
b o t h historically and an-             which will b e studied in t h e     7 Q c 4 Q h 6 (7 ... Q f 6 8 Q c 3        ... d6 8 Q d 3 f 3 9 gf gf (9 ...
alytically (especially t h e             following games.                    d6 9 Qf7+ @d8 10 Q x f 4                 Qe7 10 Q e 3 Qxh4+ 11 @d2 is
famous Muzio o r Polerio                                                     Qbd7 11 Q b 3 @e8 12 Q f 7               good f o r White) 10 @xf3
Gambit), I feel t h a t t h e                      Game 16                   g g 8 13 Q g S E g 7 14 Q e 6            SPg4 11@f2 @d7 12 Q c 3 c6 13
b e s t White can hope f o r i s                          -
                                              Bronstein Dubinin              Winning i s Cozio's analysis             lPgS with a n excellent pos-
a n equal game. So, in a                        Leningrad 1947               from 1766) 8 Q x f 4 @b4+ 9              ition f o r White, Peev - At-
book t i t l e d Winning With                                                a c 3 d6 10 a3 @b6 11 Q d S              ansov, Bulgaria 1954) 8 0-O!
 t h e King's Gambit, w e                                                    e x b 2 12 Q x c 7 + @d8 13 Q b S        B x h 4 9 Xxf4 Qd6 10 Qf3!
54 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                Kieseritzky Gambit 55

@g3 11 e5 Qe7 12 a h 2 @h4                    14 e d 2   d6                                                   Q c 4 0-0 11 c3 Q d 7 12 a x f 7 !
13 Qc3 a d 8 14 Q e 4 Q c 6 15             White's attack will be                                             with a very s t r o n g attack in
Q f 3 with a winning position          finished long before Black                                             Lutikov - Shakh-Zade, Tash-
f o r White in Hebden - J.             can g e t his queenside into                                           k e n t 1950.
Benjamin, London 1987.                 t h e game.                                                                    9 @xd2 Q g 7
          7 d4                                IS g a f l Qd8                                                     Alternatives are:
    The immediate sacrifice                   16 Q d S   Q d 7 (51)                                               (a) 9 ...Qe6 10 0-0-0 Q d 7
o n f 7 is unnecessary.                                                                                       11 E e l Qg7 (11 ... Qe7 12 B e 2
          7 ...           ah6                                                                                 E g 8 13 Qxf7! Qxf7 14 Qxc7!
    After 7 ... d6 8 Q x f 7 E x f 7                                                                          was       rather      attractive,
9 Qxf7+ @xf7 10 Q x f 4 White                                                                                 Cleemskerk - Rhijn, Corr.
h a s a m o n s t r o u s attack;                                                                             1896. Relatively b e s t i s 11 ...
alternatively, 7 ... f 3 8 gf d6                                                                              Qd6 transposing to 'b') 12
9 Qd3! (Now t h a t Black has                                                The Bretano variation.           Q x g 4 0-0 13 QgS Q f 6 14
managed to keep t h e f-file                                                      6 d4!                       Q x f 6 + Qxf6 15 Q d 3 with a
closed t h e sacrifice o n f 7 i s                                           This secures t h e knight        winning position f o r White
n o t so clear) 9 ... Qe7 10                                              on e 5 and a t t a c k s t h e f-   in Caro - Schiffers, 1897.
Qe3 Qxh4+ 11@d2. Positions                                                pawn. As usual in t h e                (b) 9 ... Qd6 10 0-0-0 Qe6
of t h i s type arise q u i t e fre-         17 eS                        King's Gambit, when t h i s         11 Q d 3 (53)and now:
quently in t h e King's Gam-              Of course White is n o t        drops, Black's kingside re-
bit and a r e nearly always            interested in taking t h e c-      sembles s w i s s cheese.
favourable f o r White. This           pawn, and instead intro-                   6  ...        Qf6
o n e i s n o exception. The           duces t h e e-pawn i n t o t h e           7 Qxf4        axe4
game Kolisch - Anderssen,              attack.                               Very similar positions
Paris 1860, continued: 11 ...                17   ...     de              were encountered in game
QgS 12 f 4 Qh6 13 Qc3 Qg7 14                 18 d e       Qc6             4.
f.5 Q c 6 15 @gl Qd7 16 E e l                19 e6!       QxdS                    8 ad21
and White s t o o d clearly                  2 0 Ef7+     axf7               This is t h e key move, in-
better.                                      21 g x f 7 + @ha             troduced i n t o practice by
          8 Qc3            Qc6               22 @c3+ Q f 6                Caro. Once Black's only
          9 Qxf7! E x f 7                    23 E x f 6                   active piece is exchanged,              (bl) 11 ... f6 (This wins a
          10 Qxf7+ @xf7                   And instead of resigning,       he will have grave diffi-           piece b u t subjects Black to
          II Qxfr!                     Black staggered o n a few          culties in beating off t h e        a fearsome attack) 12 Edel!
     This neat tactical point          more moves.                        white attack.                       f e (If 12 ... QxeS, 13 QxeS!
 e n s u r e s t h a t Black will be                                              8 ...         Qxd2          @d7 14 Qxf6! @xf6 15 g h f l
 defenceless against t h e                      Game 17                      O t h e r moves don't help:      @g7 16 Exe6! @xe6 17 QfS+
 coming onslaught.                           Teschner - Dahl                 (a) 8 ... @f6 9 g 3 Qh6 10       @e7 18 @b4+ wins f o r
           I1...           Qxf 4               Berlin 1946                a x e 4 d e 11 Q x g 4 Q x g 4 12   White) 13 Q x e s @d7 14 @h6!.
           12 0-0          @xh4                                           a x g 4 Q x f 4 13 @xf4 @xf4 14     This is more efficient than
     This is just a w a s t e of                                          gf with a good ending f o r         taking t h e rook, and Black
 time.                                                                    White.                              now has no defence, e.g. 14
           13 g x f 4 + @g7                                                  (b) 8 ... Qg7 9 a x e 4 d e 10   ... a x e s IS E x e s Ee8 16 g x e 6
56 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                 Kieseritzky Gambit 57
Qxe6 17 QfS; o r 14 ... Qf8 15                                           game. Previous authors                @xe4 15 @d2 0-0-0 16 0-0-0
Qg7! @e7 16 Qxf8 Qxf8 17                                                 have only considered 7 d4,            ads.
Qxe6!; or 14 ... g e 8 15 Qxd6                                           after which Black can ach-
                                                                         ieve equality, e.g. 7 ...Qxh4+
                                                                                                                     7     ...     @xf6
@xd6 (15 ... cd 16 Qxe6) 16                                                                                          8 ac3         Qe61 (55)
QfS @d7 17 Qe3! with the                                                 8 Q f 2 @gS 9 @f3 Qc6! 10                This is clearly stronger
simple threat of 18 Qhel. 17                                            @xf4! Qxfa+ 11 @xf2 @xf4+              than t h e old 8 ... c6. As
... Q c 6 ( t o defend with                                              12 Qxf4 Q x d 4 13 a c 3 ! Qe6!       Korchnoi points out, White
...Q d 8 ) allows 18 @f4+.                                              14 Q b S QxbS 15 QxbS+ Qd7.            can then g e t a strong att-
   (b2) 11 ...ad7!. With this,                                          White has enough for the               acking position by 9 Qe2
Black should avoid getting                                              pawn, but no more. A corr-             Qg8 10 Qf3 Qh6 11 d4 a a 6 12
mated: 12 Qdel a x e 5 13                                               espondence game, Resseg-               eS! de 13 a e 4 @e7 14 0-0.
QxeS QxeS 14 QxeS @d7 15                                                nier - Letz, 1912, continued
BgS! @e7 16 QfS and, as                                                 16 Qe2 Q f 6 17 eS Q e 4 + 18
Keres points out, White                                                 @e3 dS 19 c 4 c6 20 Qadl Qe6
has a very good ending in                                               21 Qf3 fS! 22 ef Q x f 6 23
prospect.                          This line doesn't have a            a e s ! and a draw was soon
       10 Qh6                    very good reputation but,              agreed) 7 ... Qxh4+ 8 a f 2
   White doesn't waste any       along with S ... a f 6 , i t          @gS 9 @d2! (Now t h e queen
time in removing the de-         seems t o offer Black the              is better off here, a s on f 3
fender of the black squares.     best chances of reaching               there would be some risk
       10 ...        Qxh63       equality.                              of getting trapped) 9 ... Qg3
   Stronger is 10 ... 0-0 and          6 axg4 af6                       (The main advantage of 7
now 11 Qd3!? f6?! 12 Qxg7!           Black has several alter-          d3! is t h a t Black is unable                 9 Be213
@xg7 13 0-0-O! gives White       natives:                              t o counter-attack against                  With this move, White
a strong attack. Also poss-         (a) 6 ... fS? 7 a f 2 a f 6 8      the centre. Instead, he has             threatens @bS+ and pre-
ible are 11 0-0-0 and 11Qe2.     d4 f e 9 Qxf4 dS 10 g4 is             t o try t o hang on t o his f-          vents 9 ... Q c 6 (10 a d s ) . A
       1 @xh6 Qe6
         1                       better for White.                     pawn) 10 Q c 3 Q f 6 (if 10 ...         few months earlier the
       l 2 Qd3       Qd7            (b) 6 ... hS 7 Q f 2 a f 6 8 d 4   a c 6 11 a d 5 is strong) 11            same two players had met
       13 a d 7 1 Qxf7           Qh6 9 Qe2. White has a                a e 2 ! ( I t turns o u t t h a t the   in Salamanca where De La
   13 ... @xf7 loses t o 14      clear advantage because of            f-pawn cannot be held and               Villa chose instead 9 @f3
0-0+ @e7 (If 14 ... Q f 6 15     the weakened black king-              11 ... Q g 4 fails t o 12 a x g 3 )     b u t after 9 ... Qg8 10 @f2
Qf4 is simplest) 15 Qael         side. Keres gave the foll-            1 ... Qxf2+ 12 @xf2 Q g 4 + 13
                                                                        1                                             !
                                                                                                               Q c ~ 11 fibs 0-0-O! 12 Qxc6
@g8 16 QfS a f 8 17 Qxe6         owing line: 9 ... Q c 6 10 a c 3      @gl Q e 3 14 Q x f 4 Q x f l IS         bc 13 d3 Qh6, Black had a
a x e 6 18 Qf6 and wins.         Q g 4 11 Q x g 4 Qxg4 (11 ... hg      @xfl and Black is position-             good position (14 @xa7 f 3
        14 &O        aeS         12 Q d S QgS 13 g3!) 12 Qxg4          ally busted.                            15 gf Qxcl 16 Qxcl @xf3 17
         s
        1 gae1 1-0               (12 @d3 Qxe2 13 a x e 2 @f6                   7 Qd6+                          Qfl @h3 with a clear advan-
                                 14 Qd2 with a good game                   After 7 Q f 2 Qg8 8 d 4             tage t o Black).
         Game 18
  De La Villa - Femandez
                                 for White - Glaskov) 12 ...
                                 hg 13 a d 5 f 3 14 g3.
                                                                       a h 6 9 a c 3 Qc6! White can                   9   ...      Qd7
                                                                       Qnly achieve a roughly                         10 b3
      Barcelona 1990                (c) 6 ... Qe7 7 d3! (This          equal game with 10 a d 3                   The only sensible way
                                 new idea seems t o give               &4 11 Qe2 Qxe2 12 a x e 2               for White t o develop.
                                 White clearly the better              @e7 13 Qxf4 Qxf4 14 a d x f 4                  10  ...      Qg8
58 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                     Kieseritzky Gambit 59

       1 Qb2
        1                    Qg4!                21 B f 2        xg4                      Game 19                   a n analysis by Panov) and 11
    In t h i s way, Black makes                  22 @f3!?                           R Byrne - Keres                 ... fS can be m e t by 12 Q e 3
i t hard work f o r White t o                White o p t s f o r t h e fa-          USSR - USA 19SS                 with a good game f o r
castle. After 11 ... 0-0-0 12 vourable ending.                                                                      White. Black probably has
0-0-O! Q g 4 (of course if                       22...           Bxf3                                               t o play 11 ... Qxg4 12 Q x g 4
Black doesn't accept t h e                       23 gf           &3                                                Q f 6 , b u t a f t e r 13 QhS (13
offer, he is l e f t with a terr-                24Qf6           gf8                                               Qc8 Qd7 i s unclear) White
ible position) 13 B f 2 Q x d l              The rook ending a f t e r 24                                           has good play f o r t h e pawn.
14 B x a 7 Q g 4 15 Qa6! Q c S 16 ... g d g 8 25 Be7 Q d S 26 g x f 7                                                   (b) 10 ... Qxg4 11 cd Q c 6
QbS Q d 7 (16 ... c6 is a b e t t e r Q x f 6 27 g x f 6 g x f 3 28 Xf7                                             12 QbS! 0-0-0 13 Qxc6 bc 14
defence) 17 Q d S B e 6 18 Qc6! i s a very difficult o n e f o r                                                    0-0 f6 1S Qc3! (Keres) IS ...
wins.                                    Black.                                                                    E x d 4 16 g a e l . White has a
          l2 B f 2            dS!                 25 QgS?!                                                          considerable positional ad-
     Black m u s t play actively             25 c 4 would have been a n                                             vantage, and soon he will
t o compensate f o r his bad improvement, trying to                                                                be only o n e doubled (and
structure.                               keep t h e knight locked o u t                                            isolated) pawn down.
          13 Qe2!             QcS        of t h e game: 25 ... Q d 7 26                                                     6  ...           Q f 6 (57)
          14 B f 1                       Qb2 x x f 3 doesn't help be-                                                   6 ... d6 i s t h e alternative:
     This l o o k s more uncom-          cause of 27 x f l .                                                       7 Q x g 4 Q x g 4 8 e x g 4 Qxd4
f o r t a b l e t h a n i t actually is.           ...
                                                  25             QdS                                               and now 9 Qc3! gives White
          14...               Qxe2                26 c 4 ?                       This, t h e Paulsen varia-
                                                                              tion, w a s formerly consid-
                                                                                                                   a good game. If Black takes
          IS B x e 2          0-0-0          And this t h r o w s away                                             o n c3, t h e n t h e t w o bishops
          16 0-0-0 de                    t h e remaining advantage.           ered o n e of Black's b e s t        will f a r outweigh t h e ropey
          17 a x e 4 @g6                 After 26 XeS!. c6 27 BfS,           defences t o t h e King's             pawn s t r u c t u r e and a f t e r
          18 @c4!                        Black would still have had          Gambit, b u t recent analysis         9 ... Q f 6 10 &fS!? B e 7 11Q d 3
     18 Q x c S Q x c S 19 e f 2 a difficult task ahead of                   has c a s t d o u b t upon its        n g 8 12 Q x f 4 g x g 2 13 0-0-0,
o f f e r s Black a chance t o him.                                           viability.                           White had clearly t h e bet-
 solve his problems tactic-                       26 ...         Qb4                 6 d4                          t e r game in Gallagher -
ally with 19 ... &c6!                             27 @b1         Qd3            Schlechter's        move,      6   Sanchi, Paris 1989.
          18 ...              Qb6            In t h e l a s t three moves    Q x g 4 , a l s o deserves con-
     After this, White's ad-             this knight has performed           sideration: 6 ... dS 7 d 4 ( n o t
 vantage i s obvious. 18 ... miracles.                                       7 ed?? @e7+ and 7 Q f 2 d e 8
Qe7 19 Q g S a l s o gives                        2 8 Be7        axf3        Q x e 4 e e 7 9 B e 2 Q c 6 10 c3
 White t h e b e t t e r game. 18                 29 Oh6         Xd8         a h 6 11 Q g S Q e S 12 d 4 Q g 4
 ... Qb6 i s recommended by                                                  with advantage t o Black) 7
 t h e t w o players, b u t 19 Q g S                                         ... d e 8 Q x f 4 B x d 4 9 u x d 4
 still s e e m s t o o f f e r White                                         a x d 4 10 c 3 and although
 t h e b e t t e r chances.                       33 x f 8 +     Ed8         White h a s a pawn less, t h e
           19 B x c S B x e 4                     34 Xf7         %-%         ending i s by n o means
           20 a h e l         @dS            ( n o t e s based o n com-      worse f o r him, e.g.
     20 ... B x g 2 i s well m e t by m e n t s by De La Villa and              (a) 10 ... Qg7 11 Qe2 (only             7 Qc4
 21 @fS+ and 22 @xf4.                    Fernandez in Informator).           11 Q f 2 ? w a s considered in          7 Q c 3 is the strongest
6 0 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                         Kieseri tzky Gambit 61
and m o s t natural move in             commended, b u t a f t e r 9              Qxe6! 14 a x e 6 + @h8 15 B x g 4      may have a rook less, b u t i t
t h i s position. (I should just        0-0 White appears to have                 e x d 4 16 B x d 4 (16 B x g 3         feels like he's a f e w pieces
mention t h a t I have altered          t h e b e t t e r game, e.g.              QxeS 17 B e 3 B d 6 ) 16 ... c d 17    up) 25 g 3 QhS+ 26 B g 2 f3+
t h e move o r d e r of Byrne -             (a) 9 ... cS 10 dcS Q h S 11          Q f 7 + g x f 7 18 Qxf7 Q x h l .      27 @xfl Qhl mate) 19 ... g3+
Keres, s o t h a t we could use         Q x g 4 B x h 4 12 Qe2! with                      9   ...        exh4            20 @hi Qxc4 21 ef++ @xf8
i t to examine t h e variations         advantage t o White.                             10 eel!                         22 Qe8+ @g7 23 E x c 8 f 3 24
a f t e r S ... Qg7. The actual             (b) 9 ... Q x d S 10 QxdS               I t i s time to exchange             c 3 (24 gf Qxc2) 24 ... f 2 25
move o r d e r was 1 e 4 eS 2 f 4       B x d S 11 Q c 3 (For some                queens.                               QgS a f 6 26 Q e 8 + @g6 27
ef 3 Q f 3 gS 4 h 4 g 4 S QeS           reason, only 11Q x f 4 cS! had                  10    ...   exel                Q x f 6 @xgS and wins.
Q f 6 6 Q c 4 dS 7 e d Qg7 8            been considered here) 11 ...                     1
                                                                                        1 Qxel      0-0                     (b) 18 e f + @h8 19 a e 6 (19
d4).                                    B d 8 12 a x f 4 B x h 4 13 Q d S               12 Qc3                          Q e 6 Qxc4 2 0 Q x f 8 Q x f 8 21
     After 7 Q c 3 d6 (7 ... 0-0 8      with a very good game f o r                  12 c 3 i s n o t sufficiently      Qe8 @g7 with advantage to
hS i s awkward and 7 ... dS 8           White.                                    active.                               Black) 19 ... a x e 6 20 Q x e 6
Q x f 4 a x e 4 9 Q x e 4 d e 10            (c) 9 ... Q h S 10 Qxg4!                     12  ...        Qd7             Qxf7 and White is in
a c 4 i s very good f o r White)        B x h 4 11 Q h 2 Qd7!? (11 ...               12 ... cS? 13 Q b S Q d 7 14       trouble.
8 Q d 3 0-0 (Euwe gave t h e            @f6 12 B x h S B x d 4 + 13 @hl           Q c 7 Q b 8 15 d6! cd 16 Qxf7!            White d o e s b e s t t o main-
following variation a s good            B x c 4 14 a x f 4 a x b 2 15 a h 6              13 Q b S (58)                  tain t h e tension and safe-
f o r White: 8 ... Q h S 9 Q x f 4      with advantage to White) 12                                                     guard his bishop with 18
Q g 3 10 Qh2 0-0 11 &e2!                c 3 Q d f 6 13 @el!? (White                                                     &b3! leaving a very unclear
a x e 2 12 Q c x e 2 fS 13 c 3 f e      could a l s o consider keeping                                                  position o n t h e board.
 14 B b 3 + a h 8 15 Qe3) 9             t h e queens o n and play                                                               14  ...         cd!
Qxf4! (This i s much b e t t e r        something like 13 Q d 2 o r 13                                                      The exchange sacrifice is
 than 9 Q x f 4 which r u n s           Uf3. Now a very messy en-                                                       necessary a s 14 ... E b 8 IS
 into trouble against 9 ...             ding i s reached) 13 ... B x e l                                                d6! i s strong.
Q c 6 10 Q f 2 Q h S 11QgS f6 12         14 Qxel QfS 15 Be5 B f e 8 16                                                        15 Qxa81
a e 3 Q g 3 13 Bh2 fS) 9 ...            Q f 3 Qg6 17 Q d 2 Bad8 18                                                     This is very optimistic.
a x e 4 10 a x e 4 B e 8 11 @f2!        n x e 8 + Q x e 8 19 Q e S Q e f 6 2 0                                      Safer was 15 QxdS! Qb8 16
 g x e 4 12 c 3 B f 6 (After any        Qb3! with a slight advan-                                                   c 3 Q x e S 17 d e Qd8 (17 ...
 o t h e r move 13 a d 3 gives           tage t o White in Gallagher                      13 ...        c6          @h8 18 a d 2 a f S 19 c 4 is
 White t h e advantage) 13 g 3           - Macles, Dijon 1987.                            14 Q c 7                  good f o r White) 18 e6! f e 19
Qh6 14 a d 3 a x f 4 15 a x f 4                9 0-0                                  More critical i s 14 d c &xe6+ a x e 6 20 Q x e 6 Be8 21
 Bxf4+ 16 gf B x f 4 + , Black's           9 Q c 3 i s r a t h e r dubious        QxeS 15 d e (15 c b Qxb7 16 Q x f 4 with a b o u t equal
 a t t a c k l o o k s menacing b u t   here: 9 ... 0-0 10 Q e 2 cS! 11           d e Qac8 17 Q d 6 RcS! could chances (Glaskov).
 Rubinstein            demonstrated     Q x f 4 (11 ... Q x f 4 l o s e s a       prove dangerous f o r White)            1s       ...   dc
 t h e c o r r e c t way f o r White    piece to 11 ... bS, whilst 11             1S ... b c 16 Q c 7 Q b 8 17 e6         16 ad2        QxeS
 t o continue: 17 @e2! (17 @g2          c 3 cd 12 c d Q d 7 13 Q x d 7            Rb4!. The position is po-               17 de         fifs
 bS!) 17 ... g 3 18 Bd2! Q g 4 + 19     Qxd7 w a s b e t t e r f o r Black        sitively alive with tactical            18 Q c 7      axc211
 @el g2 20 B x g 2 Q c 6 21 a e 2       in Steinitz - Zukertort, Vi-              Possibilities, e.g.                  Keres     criticises   this
 Be8 22 Bfl! and wins.                  enna 1882) 11 ... &3 12 Q e 6                 (a) 18 e7? Qd4+ 19 @h2 (19 move and gives instead 18
            7...          dS            and, a s Glaskov points o u t ,           @hl Bxc4 2 0 ef++ @xf8 21 ... Q d 8 (taking dS away
            8 ed          QhS           Black can gain a clear ad-                g e 8 + @g7 22 n x c 8 Q g 3 + 23 from t h e knight) 19 Qc3
      8 ... 0-0 has been re-            vantage by 12 ... f e 13 d e                           l+
                                                                                 , $ ? h 2 ~ f 24 @hi BcS! {Black a x c 2 and with three pawns
62 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                               Kieseritzky Gambit 63
f o r t h e exchange, plus ac-                                                                                               7 d 4 d6 8Qxf7+@d89 Q x f 4
tive pieces, Black has a                                                                                                     d e 10 de+ Qd7 11 Q b 3 @b4+
clear advantage.                                                                                                             12 a d 2 a x e 4 13 c 3 Q x c 3 14
         19 Eacl          Qd3                                                                                               QgS+ with a clear advan-
         20 Q d S          bS                                                                                                t a g e to White ( E C O ) .
         21 Q x f 4        gd8                                                                                                        7 ed         Qd6
    Keres didn't like White's                                                                                                    7 ... Qg7 transposes to
counterplay a f t e r 21 ...                                                                                                 Byrne - Keres (game 19).
Q x f 4 22 Q x f 4 QfS 23 QhS.                                                                                                        8 d4
         22 Q e 7 + @f8                                                                                                          8 0-0 is t h e incredible
         23 QgS            ge8                                                                                               Rice Gambit, which was
         24 Q c 6          Qg3              b u t a s ever in t h e King's                                                  once so popular t h a t whole
    And here Keres t h o u g h t            Gambit, he has trouble mo-                                                      tournaments were devoted
24 ... a 5 s t r o n g e r , in o r d e r   bilising his kingside pawns.              The Berlin Defence i s t h e          to it. Basically, White sac-
to deprive t h e knight of t h e            Keres, with g r e a t skill,          m o s t popular answer to t h e           rifices a piece and c a s t l e s
b4-square.                                  eventually broke         down         Kieseri tzky.                             i n t o a raging a t t a c k , b u t
         25 ncdl           Ee6              White's resistance, and in-                     6 Qc4                           according to theory, he
         26 Q x a 7                         teresting though t h e end-               The main alternative 6 d 4            miraculously holds t h e ba-
    I t w a s b e t t e r f o r White       ing is, a detailed analysis           will be seen in games 22                  lance. Nevertheless, 1 s t i l l
to have played 26 Q b 4 and                 does n o t really belong in           and 23. White's o t h e r poss-           advise you to s t e e r well
a f t e r 26 ... Q e 2 + 27 Bfl!,           t h i s book: 31 @f2 Q d 3 32         ibility, 6 Qxg4, leads to very            clear of it.
although Black d o e s retain               Qc3 a d 7 33 @e3 Qh2 34 Q f 4         s h a r p play where Black                         8 ...        Q h S (61)
winning chances a f t e r 27 ...            &I+ 35 @d2 hS 36 g 3 Qf2 37           s e e m s to b e a t l e a s t able to
Q g 3 + 28             Qg6 29 Q c 6                                @&?! 39
                                            Q d l Q d 4 38 Q c ~ ? !              hold his own: 6 ... a x e 4 7
Q f 5 (Keres).                              b4! Qf6 4 0 bS+? @b7 41 a 4           d 3 Qg3 8 Qxf 4 Q x h l 9 @e2+
          26  ...          QxeS             Q d 8 42 Q d S Q e 4 43 Q c 3         (9 QgS w a s refuted in t h e
     Black has a wonderfully                Q f 3 44 @e3 Qb6+ 45 a d 2 f6!        game Hebden - Stean, Mar-
centralised position and                    46 Qd6 QaS 47 Q f 4 Q e 4 4 8         bella 1982: 9 ... Qe7 10 @e2
 White's king i s feeling t h e             Qd6 Qd3 49 Q f 4 Qb4! SO              hS! I1 @eS f6! 12 Qxf6 d 6 13
draught.                                    Qe3 h 4 51 g h g 3 52 h5 g2 53       @e4 Q x g 4 14 Q x h 8 @d7 15
          27 Q x b S Qe2+                   h6 f 5 5 4 Qf2 f 4 55 Qgl Qa5        a d 4 Qxh4+ and White re-
          28 Exe21                          56 Qh2 Qb6 57 h7 Qxh7 5 8            signed) 9 ... @e7 10 Q f 6 +
     White bails o u t , hoping             B e 2 gl=@ 59 Q x g l Q x g l 60               1
                                                                                 @d8 1 Qxc7+ @xc7 12 Q d S +
 f o r s o m e drawing chances              a d 5 Q d 4 61 Qxf4 Qc3 0-1.         @d8 13 a x e 7 Qxe7 14 @g4                    8 ... 0-O! i s game 21.
 in t h e ending.                                                              ' d6 IS &f4 E g 8 and Black's                   8 ... @e7 is d o u b t f u l be-
          28  ...           Qxe2                      Game 2 0                   pieces should prove strong-               cause of 9 Q x f 4 (I once
          29 Ed8+ Be8                             Gallagher - Hresc              er t h a n t h e queen (Hebden            played t h e r a t h e r s t r a n g e 9
          30 Exe8+ @xe8 (59)                         Royan 1989                 -    P. Littlewood, Hastings               h5 with t h e idea of prevent-
     At f i r s t glance i t s e e m s                                           1982/83).                                 ing t h e black knight from
 t h a t t h e t w o bishops and                                                           6 ...           dS              using t h i s square. After 9
 a n e x t r a pawn should en-                                                       Philidor recommended 6                ... Qxe5 10 d e @xeS+ 11 B e 2
 s u r e a trivial win f o r Black,                                              ...@e7 b u t this is n o t good:          @xe2+ 12 @xe2 f3+ 13 gf gf+
64 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                             Kieseritzky Gambit 65

14 @xf3 Qg4+ 15 @f4 {Gall-                 @d8!! (This brilliant retreat                                                   t h e long diagonal).
agher - Stevens, Hastings                  justifies all Black's pre-                                                                12 ...        f 67
1988) Black should now                     vious play, whilst also                                                             Black has t w o better
have played 15 ... QxhS, a s               showing t h e g r e a t power of                                                moves, though White has a
a f t e r 16 @gS? Q b d 7 17 ExhS          t h e queen) 18 @xa8 @b6+ 19                                                    fine position in any case:
Eg8+ he s t a n d s very well)             Ef2 (19 &)hiQb7 20Qe3 @c6!                                                          (a) 12 ... Q d 7 occurred in
9 ... Q h S 10 g3! with t h e              is a l s o terminal) 19 ... Qb7                                                 Gallagher - Boudre, Paris
idea of meeting 10 ... f6 by               20 Qe3 @xe3 21 @xb7 g 3 22                                                      1990, and White achieved a
11 0-0.                                    x f l g f + 23 Exf2 &xeS 0-1                                                    slight advantage a f t e r 1       3
          9 0-0                            Chernakov - Baluyev, Corr.                                                     Qxg4 (13 QbS a x e 5 14 de
     White has tried o t h e r             1977/78.                                                                       QcS+ IS @hl Qf2 16 Ed1
moves:                                          (b) 9 QbS+. This move has                                                  looks risky b u t could be
     (a) 9 Q c 3 i s b e s t met by 9      been frowned upon f o r over                                                    worth investigation by t h e
... @e7!. Here a r e a couple               a century, b u t i t could well             So, t h e queens a r e off         reader) 13 ... Q b 6 14 Qe2
of examples from practice:                 b e White's best. The reason             and White is a pawn down,             Qxg4! 15 Qxg4 Qf6 16 Q f 3
     (al) 10 @f2 (Against 10                for i t s bad reputation is             b u t t h a t i s f a r from being     Eae8 17 Efl! Q c 4 18 b3 Q e 3
QbS+, Glaskov gives 10 ... c6               t h e game Rosanes - And-               the whole story. The t w o             19 Qxe3 f e 20 Qe2 Q e 4 21
11 d c b c 12 Q d S B e 6 13 Q c 7 +        erssen, Breslau 1863, which             d-pawns control a large               a x e 4 Exe4 22 c4.
Qxc7 14 Q c 4 B e 7 15 Qxf7+                went 9 ... c6 10 d c b c 11             number of central squares                 (b) 12 ... QfS is often re-
B x f 7 16 Q x f 7 a s b e t t e r f o r   Q x c 6 Q x c 6 12 Qxc6+ &)f8 1    3     and White's knight can only           commended, b u t White has
Black) 10 ... QxeS 11 E e l                Q x a 8 Q g 3 with a very                be removed from i t s fine            a t l e a s t t w o ways t o g e t a
Q d 7 12 QbS @xh4+ 13 @gl                   s t r o n g attack f o r Black.         o u t p o s t by making serious       good position:
0-0 14 d e g 3 15 B d 4 cS! 16                   However, 11 Q x c 6 is ex-         positional concessions. Al-               (bl) 13 Qd3 QxeS (13 ...
d c b c 17 Qd3 (White dare                  tremely greedy. Instead,                though Black has a f o u r t o        Qxd3 14 Q x d 3 Q d 7 15 Q b S
 n o t leave t h e fl-a6 diag-              t h e game C a r t e r - Sarfati.      one majority o n t h e king-           E f e 8 16 Qd2 Q b 6 17 b3! is
onal) 17 ... Be8 18 b4 QxeS!                Wellington 1985, saw 11Qc4!             side, i t is rather s t a t i c and   good f o r White) 14 Exes!
 19 E x e s E x e s 20 B x e S Q g 4        and a f t e r 11 ... QxeS 12 d e        the f4-pawn is very weak.             (Alapin only considered 14
 21 B c S Be8 22 Q e 4 Exe4! 23             @as+ 13 Q c 3 Q g 3 ? 14 @d6            ff this point falls, then             d e with an equal game) 14
Qxe4 B h 2 + 24 @fl @hl+ 25                 Q e 4 15 @d4 White had a               Black's game will probably             ... Qxd3 15 ExhS Qxc2 16
B g l Qe2+ and Black won,                   very good game. Black                  be in ruins. White will be             EgS+ Qg6 17 x x g 4 Q a 6 1        8
 Murey - Hebden, Paris 1988.                should have played 13 ...              able t o increase t h e press-         Q x f 4 Bad8 19 a 3 with an
      (a2) 10 0-0 QxeS 11 QbS+              0-O!, leaving t h e situation          ure by exchanging t h e bish-          edge f o r White (Mikhal-
 (11 d e loses a piece and 11                very unclear.                         op o n d6 ( h e 4 o r QbS), and        chishin).
 Q b S 0-0 12 d e a6! is good                         9 ...          Bxh4          then retreating t h e knight              (b2) 13 Q e 4 Q x e 4 (In De
 f o r Black (Keres)) 11 ... c6 12               This is a l m o s t univer-       to d3. This position i s more          La Villa - Izeta, Salamanca
 d c b c 13 Q d S (an ingenious              sally played, b u t s t r o n g e r   favourable f o r White than            1990, Black tried 13 ... Q d 7
 idea) 13 ... @xh4! 14 d e (14               is 9 ... 0-O! transposing t o         t h e very similar one reach-          b u t a f t e r I4 Qxd6 cd 15 Qd3
 @el B x e l 15 n x e l f6 16 d e c b        game 21.                              ed in Byrne - Keres (game              Qxd3 16 Q x d 3 g f e 8 17 Q x f 4
 17 Q c 7 + @f7 18 Q x a 8 Qa6 19                      0
                                                      1 @el!         Bxe1            1
                                                                                   8 , where Black's bishop               Q x f 4 18 Q x f 4 his pawns
 a 4 b4 20 ef Ed8! is good f o r                 After 10 ... @e7, Keres           h a s b e t t e r placed on g7         were firmly blockaded) 14
 Black) 14 ... 0-0 15 Q x f 4                considers 11 @f2! a s good            b u t of harm's way and ex-            Exe4 f6 15 Qxg4 f5 16 Qh6+
 Q x f 4 16 Q x f 4 cb! 17 B d S             f o r White.                          &ting s o m e pressure o n             @g7 17 Ee6 Ef6 18 Xxf6
                                                                                   2
                                                                                   !
                                                                                   A
66 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                      Kieseritzky Gambit 67

                                      This i s a terrible con-      a x e 4 f e 23 g3? Q x g 3 24
                                   cession t o make, b u t there    g x f 4 Qe2+.
                                   w a s little choice.                     22...      Qf e8
                                            s
                                          1 Qxd3 fS                         23 Qxe4 f e
                                      Otherwise White will                  24 g3!
                                   play 15QfS.                         But now they can be
                                          16 Q x d 6 c d            blockaded. If 24 ... e3, then
                                          17 Be7                    pimply 25 gf.
                                      Black can hardly move                 24...      f3
                                   any of his pieces.                       25 @f2     Qf6
                                          17 ...        aS                  26 c 4     Qbd7
                                          1 Qxb7 Q a 6
                                            8                          And now Black's knights
    Glaskov a s s e s s e s this          19 a3         nae8 (64)   are back in t h e game, b u t
position a s equal, b u t a t                                       be is t o o much material
t h e very least Black has a                                        down.
hard time in f r o n t of him,                                              27 Q f 4   Bc8
e.g. 19 ... Q g 7 20 c4 cS 21                                               28 b3      a4
b4!? c d (Lines like 21 ... b6                                              29 Qxd6 ab
22 d c bc 23 Qb2+ @g6 24                                                    30 CS      b2                    9 0-0
Qxg7 o r 21 ... c b 22 cS leave                                             31 Qxb2 Q x d S              The     only      alternative
White clearly better) 22                                                    32 E x e 4 Q 7 f 6      worth considering is 9
Qb2 QeS! (If 22 ... Qxb4 23                                                 33 QeS     Qc3          Qxf4, although i t is certain-
Qxd4+ @g6 24 Q g 4 o r 22 ...                                               34 QgS+ @h8             ly of a dubious nature, e.g.
B g 6 23 Qg4! a r e very good                                               3s QeS!                 9 ... Q h S and now:
f o r White) and now White             Black has managed t o           Offering Black a choice           (a) 10 g 3 f6 11 Q d 3 Q x g 3
can repeat with 23 Q g 8 + ,       bring his queen's rook into      4f useless knight forks.        12 Qxg3 (12 Qgl could be a
b u t more enterprising i s 23     t h e game whilst White has           35 ...       Qe4+          try t o keep t h e variation
g4!? and a f t e r 23 ... f g 24   been restoring t h e material         36 @e3       Qe8           alive) 12 ... Qxg3+ 13 @fl
Qfl. The position is very          balance. The key factor               37 Qxf6+     Qxf6+         @e8 with advantage t o
hard t o judge, b u t I would      now i s t h e rather tragic           38 QeS       Qd8           Black, Pillsbury - Chigorin,
certainly t a k e t h e white      placing    of   the    black          39 @f4       Qf8           Vienna 1903.
pieces in a t e s t case.          knights.                              40 Be3       @g7                (b) 10 0-0. The only the-
       13 Qd3                            20 Qd2       Qb8                41 c6        Qe8           ory I've seen o n this posi-
    With his careless twelfth            21 Qf1                          42 QgS+      @h8           tion is a n incredibly in-
move, Black drove t h e              21 Qel is more accurate.            43 Qxg4      Qd6           accurate piece of analysis
knight t o i t s ideal square.           21  ...       Qe4!              44 Q f 4     1-0           by Levenfish which runs 10
      13   ...      Qfs              The only chance.                                               ...Q x f 4 11 n x f 4 f6 12 n x g 4 +
     14 Q b S                            22 Qel!?                             Game 21               @ha! winning f o r Black.
   White threatens 14 Q x c 7         Taking o n e 4 gives Black    be La Villa - Am. Rodriguez     However, a f t e r 13 Q g 6 + it is
a s well a s capturing t h e       some counterplay a s White              Bayamo 1991              White w h o wins a s 13 ... hg
bishop.                            is unable t o blockade the                                       14 Qxg6 leads t o mate. In-
     14    ...   Qxd3              pawns immediately, e.g. 22                                       s t e a d of 12 ... @ha, Black
6 8 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                Kieseritzky Gambit 69
  had t o play 12 ... Qxg4 even        10 Qxf4 transposes t o               much trouble. Previously 12 to connect his rooks and
  though a f t e r 13 @xg4+ @h8      the previous note.                     ... Q d 7 with t h e idea of hopes t h a t t h e advance of
  14 Q f 3 White has good                  10   ...     uxh4               quickly transferring t h e his c-pawn might disturb
  compensation f o r t h e ex-             11   ah2                         knight t o g 4 had been Black's smooth progress.
' change.                               Up until now, this posi-           played, b u t a f t e r 13 Qd2! As this plan doesn't really
     Unfortunately, t h e o n e      tion has been thought of as           Q f 6 14 Q d f 3 @hS 15 EeS!, work out, White should
  thing Levenfish appears to         good f o r White. Of course.          or 14 ... @h6 1s QeS, the look f o r a n improvement
  have g o t right i s his con-      Black has attacking chan-             complications favour White. here, possibly 15 Q f l o r 15
  clusion: Black i s winning,        ces, b u t his structural                 By playing 12 ...QfS Black Qd2, b u t Black m u s t stand
  b u t by playing 10 ... @xh4!      problems were deemed to               intends t o calmly develop well.
  (66).                              be more important. As we
                                     shall see, t h e play of Rod-
                                                                           his pieces, whilst a t the                  IS   ...       Em8
                                                                           same time ensuring t h a t his              16 c 4         Ee41
                                     riguez c a s t s serious doubts       knight will remain on d7 t o            This s t r o n g move pre-
                                     on t h a t assessment.                hinder any White counter-            vents 17 cS o n account of 17
                                        11 Q e S is certainly not an       play based on something to ... Efe8.
                                     improvement: 11    ...  &3 12         eS.                                         17 a d 2       Efe8
                                     E e l f6 13 Q f 3 @hl+ 14 @f2             I should just mention                    8
                                                                                                                       1 Qd3          Exel
                                     Q e 4 + 15 a x e 4 @xdl 16 Qc3        t h a t t h e a t t e m p t t o mate        19 Qxel
                                     @hi and White was a queen             White by brute force is in-             If 19 a x e l then 19 ... Qe2+
                                     down in Hebden - Lima,                sufficient: 12 ... f 3 13 Q x f 3 or 19 ... f 3 are dangerous.
                                     Hastings 1988/89.                     @hi+ 14 @f2 Q e 4 + 15 @e3                  19  ...        Qxd3
                                            11  ...        Qg3!            @h6+ 16 @d3 @g6 17 Exe4                              d
                                                                                                                       20 w 3 Qe2+
    At f i r s t I held o u t some      Alapin considered the              &fS 18 Q b d 2 Qe8 19 @c3!                  21@fI          Re31
hope f o r 11 Qh6, checking                             ...
                                     position a f t e r 11    Ee8 12       a x e 4 20 a x e 4 e x e 4 21 @hi!      There are still sufficient
variations such a s 11 ...           Q c 3 a6 13 @f3 Q g 3 14 Qxf4         and White has some dan-              pieces f o r a very strong
fixes 12 d e g 3 13 Ef3! u h 2 +     Q x f l 15 Exfl to be in              gerous attacking chances attack.
(13 ... @xc4? 14 Q x f 8 @xf8        White's favour.                       a s well a s a relatively safe              22 @dl         Qf6
15 nxf7+! and White should                  12 Eel (67)                I
                                                                           king (Pliester - Korning,                   23 Q f 2       Qg3+
win) 14 @fl @hi+ 15 @e2                                                    London 1983).                               24 @gl         Qe2+
@xg2+ 16 @e3 when t h e                                                             13 Q d 2                       The professional app-
outcome i s unclear. But the                                           I       White decides on the roach.
feeling t h a t I was trying to                                            normal plan of bringing his                 25 @fl         &3+
defend a l o s t cause never                                               knight t o f 3 in order to re-              26 @gl (68)
deserted me, and indeed                                                    inforce t h e kingside: 13 Qd3              26  ...        Qg41
a f t e r H Qh6 t h e simple 11...                                         Qd7 14 c 4 Eae8 o r 14 QxfS             This forces White t o ex-
Ee8 seems decisive. There                                                  QxfS 15 Q f 3 WhS 16 c 4 E a e 8 change off into a bad end-
a r e numerous threats: 11 ...                                             a r e b e t t e r f o r Black.       ing as a f t e r 27 Qxe3 f e t h e
E x e s 12 d e QcS+; 11 ... Qg3;                                                    13 ...            Qd7       threat of ... Qe2+ o r ...
H ... g3; and 11 ... QxeS fall-                                                     14 Q d f 3 @hS              Q x h 2 followed by ... Qe2
             ...
owed by 12 g3.                            12    ...   QfSl                          15 Qe2                      gives Black a mating att-
          9 ...         QhS            This is t h e new move
                                     which causes White so
                                                                               White tries to close t h e ack.
          10 Q w 4                                                         e-file until he has managed                 27 &xg3 f g
70 K i e s e r i t z k y Gambit                                                                                            Kieseritzky Gambit 71
                                       allow QfS.                            itional approach to t h e Ber-           This s e e m s t h e m o s t log-
                                              38 g f 1         Qg7           lin Defence t h a n 6 Qc4. ical. Black plans to dev-
                                              39 g f 4         gd2!          White i s happy to exchange elop his queenside a s quick-
                                          Now t h e d-pawn can't b e         his e-pawn f o r Black's f-            ly a s possible and t h e n
                                       defended ( 4 0 Q f S g d l + and      pawn in o r d e r to obtain c a s t l e long.
                                       ... e2). White t r i e s a l a s t    classic King's Gambit s t y l e          8 ... Qg7 has a l s o been
                                       trick.                                compensation.                          seen      quite      frequently.
                                              40 gg4+ Bf7                             6  ...         d6             White now has:
                                              41 g f 4 +       Bg8               This i s t h e normal move,          (a) 9 Qc3?! (This occurred
                                              42 g g 4         hS!           b u t 6 ... dS t r a n s p o s e s to in t h e famous f i r s t encoun-
                                          42 ... g x d 4 ? ? 43 gxg7+!       game 17 and 6 ... Qg7 to t e r between Spassky and
      28 Q x g 4 B x g 4                      43 QxhS                        game 19.                               Fischer, Mar del Plata 1960).
   Black i s in control of t h e          If 43 g g 5 h4 is similar.                  7 Qd3                         After 9 ... Q x c 3 10 b c cS!
only open file and his bish-                  43   ...         Bd1+             Q x f 7 sacrifices never (nibbling a t t h e c e n t r e -
o p will become very active                   44Bh2            e2            really work in t h e Kieserit-         Fischer) 11 Qe2 cd 12 0-0
once i t arrives a t f4.                      45 d6            cd            zky, a s Black hasn't had to Q c 6 13 Q x g 4 0-0 14 Qxc8
      29 gc1                                  46 cd            el*           w a s t e time o n h6.                g x c 8 15 H g 4 fS ( o r 1.5 ...
   29 U d 2 B e 4 30 g e l Qf4!               47 d7            @g1+                   7  ...        axe4           B h 8 ) Black had t h e b e t t e r
illustrates t h e s t r e n g t h of               0-1                                8 Qxf4                       game.
Black's position.                                                               8 B e 2 H e 7 9 Q x f 4 trans-        (b) 9 c 3 H e 7 ( I t would be
      29     ...      @e4!                         Game 22
                                                         -
                                               Hellers E r n s t
                                                                            p o s e s back to t h e main dubious to c a s t l e s h o r t , for
                                                                             lines, b u t by adopting t h i s example 9 ... 0-0 10Q d 2 a e 8
   Centralisation.
      30 H c 2        fS!                     Swedish C h 1985              move o r d e r White misses 11 a x e 4 g x e 4 + 12 B f 2 B f 6
      31 H x e 4 f e                                                        o u t o n t h e chance to play 9 13 g 3 Qh6 14 &d2! with ad-
      32 Q e S                                                              Qe2!?                                  vantage to White) 1 He2     0
   32 E e l i s refuted by 32 ...                                               You may have been won-             (10 Qe2!?) 10 ... hS 11 a d 2
                                                                            dering what this classic Q x d 2 12 @xe7+ (12 @xd2!?)
                                                                            compensation actually is? 12 ... a x e 7 13 B x d 2 and
          33 CS                                                             The a n s w e r is Black's             White has good play for
    At l a s t White finds time                                             dreadful pawn s t r u c t u r e o n t h e pawn.
to get t h i s advance in, b u t                                            t h e kingside which will                      9 He2
a f t e r ...                                                               make i t very difficult f o r             This move has usually
          33  ...       Qf8                                                 him to utilise his e x t r a been t h e automatic res-
     ...Qh6 - e 3 i s in t h e air.                                         pawn. Meanwhile, White ponse here, but 9 Qe2 is
          34 Q g 4                                                          has s o m e fine o u t p o s t s certainly deserving of a t t -
     After 34 Q c 4 bS! is                                                  (especially f4) and poten-             ention. Due to t h e current
strong.                                                                     tially s t r o n g pressure o n s t a t e of t h e main line (see
          34  ...       e3                                                  t h e f-file. White i s a l s o n o t game 23) I have decided t o
                                                                            bothered by a n exchange of examine this in s o m e detail.
          35 Q f 6 + @f7
          36 Q e 4      ExbZ                                                queens a s this by n o means After 9 Qe2 Black h a s a
          37 Qxg3 @g6!                                                      lessens t h e pressure.                large number of replies, of
     Of c o u r s e Black doesn't         This i s a f a r more pos-                 8  ...         Be7            which t h e m o s t important
72 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                                Kieseritzky Cambit 73
a r e seen below:                            (a4) I t should also be                     White; 14 ... @e7 1S Q d 4                  9    ...     Qc6
     (a) 9 ... hS. Black secures         mentioned t h a t 13 ... g3                    @h4 (IS ... Qg6!?) 16 Qxg3!                  10 c3        QfS
his g-pawn once and f o r                only serves to worsen t h e                    (White i s n o t obliged to                   1
                                                                                                                                     1 Qd2        Qxd2
all, b u t in doing so neglects          black position. Either t h e                   repeat) 16 ... Qxg3 17 Q x f S           For 11 ... 0-0-0 s e e game
his development. 10 Q d 2                simple 14 Q h 3 or 14 Qxg3                     @hl+ 18 @f2 Qxfl and now               23.
(The knight o n e 4 i s imme-            @xg3 1S a x e 4 @e3+ 16 @hl                    19 @a4+ @d8 2 0 Qg4! looks                  12 @xd2 @xe2+
diately challenged) 10 ...               @xe4 17 QbS+ should win                        bone-crus hing.                             13 a x e 2 (70)
QfS 11 0-O! (One of t h e main           f o r White.                                       (b2) 13 ... Q x d 2 14 @xd2
ideas behind 9 Qe2 is to                     (b) 9 ... Q c 6 10 c 3 (10 dS             Qe7 1S g a e l Qd7?! 16 g3!
c a s t l e kingside, and o f t e n      Q d 4 ) 10 ... QfS 11 dS (The                 @f6 (16 ... @h3 17 g f 2 or 16
t h i s has to b e done even a t         natural move 11 Q d 2 fails                    ... @hS 17 g f 2 @g6 18 Q f l
t h e c o s t of a n o t h e r pawn)     to 11 ... Qxc3! 12 b c Qxd3; 11                with t h e idea o f doubling
11 ... @xh4 (Black could                 0-0 i s a l s o interesting, b u t
                                                                                  1    o n t h e e-line) 17 Qxg4! and
conceivably decline t h e                I feel t h a t by playing 11 dS               a s 17 ... Q x g 4 i s m e t by 18
o f f e r with 11 ... Q d 7 , b u t      White reduces Black's op-                     lPgS! Black i s in deep
White can obtain good                    tions. For example, a f t e r 11              trouble.
chances with 12 a x e 4 Qxe4             0-0 @xh4 12 Q d 2 Black                           (c) 9 ... a f s 10 Q c ~ ! ? (10
13 @d2) 12 a x e 4 Qxe4 13               could consider giving back                   Q d 2 ? Qc6! causes White
Qf2!. White's lead in devel-             o n e of his pawns with 12 ...                problems with his d-pawn                  We have reached a n end-
o p m e n t a s s u r e s him of a       0-0-0, in o r d e r to reduce
                                                                                 I     - 11 dS Q d 4 or 11 c 3 Qxc3.          ing typical of t h e Kieserit-
powerful attack. Black's                 White's initiative) 11 ... Q b 8              10 c 3 can b e considered a s          zky, with t h e sort of com-
f i r s t problem i s to find a          (Other squares look worse.                    a n alternative to t h e t e x t )     pensation outlined above.
good r e t r e a t f o r t h e bishop:   If 11 ... Q e S then 12 QxeS d e              10 ... Q x c 3 11 bc. This pos-        White's rooks are now
     (al) 13 ... Qc6 14 dS!? Qd7         13 Qxg4) 12 0-0 (12 Q d 2 still               ition i s very similar t o t h e       ready to occupy t h e t w o
1S @d4 g g 8 16 g 3 followed             fails to 12 ... Qxc3!; how-                  Spassky - Fischer game (ex-             open files.
by 17 g a e l l o o k s very men-        ever, 12 @b3!? is a n alter-                 amined above in variation
acing .                                  native a s 12 ... b6 1 Q d 2
                                                                    3                 'a' to Black's eighth move)
     (a21 13 ... QfS 14 Qd3!?            looks fine f o r White and 12                with t h e important differ-
     (a31 13 ... Qg6 14 QbS+ c6           ... Qg3!? 13 Qxg3 Qxd3 14                   ence t h a t Black has devel-                   16 Qdl!
 (14 ...Q d 7 i s more resilient)        0-0 Qxe2 1s g e l Qh6 16 @c2                 oped his queen's bishop to                   White's bishop heads f o r
 1S @d2!. Now t h e bishop                (16 @xb7!? can b e investig-                fS, r a t h e r t h a n his king's      i t s m o s t attractive diag-
 cannot b e taken: 1S ... c b 16         ated by t h e reader) 16 ...                 bishop to g7. This means                onal, whilst simultaneously
QgS @g3 17 g a e l + and 18              0-0 17 g x e 2 @f6 (17 ...                   t h a t counter-attacking ag-           unblocking t h e e-file f o r
 g e 3 n e t s t h e queen, whilst       @d7!?) 18 g e 4 @g6 19 @e2                   ainst t h e c e n t r e with ... cS,    t h e rook.
 15 ... g 3 16 Q h 3 c b leads to a       gives good compensation
                                          f o r t h e pawn) 12 ... @xh4 13
                                                                                      as Fischer did, will b e l e s s                16 ...        'ad7
 similar conclusion a f t e r 17                                                      productive. Also t h e bishop                   17 Qb3        gaf8
 g a e l + @d7 18 QgS @g4 19             Q d 2 and now:                               o n fS could find itself in a n                 18 QgS
 g f 4 ; Black can try 1S ... @f6             (bl) 13 ... g 3 14 Q f 3 .              exposed         position       after         White i s willing to invest
 b u t a f t e r 16 g a e l + @d7 17      Where does t h e queen go?                  White brings a rook to t h e            s o m e time to force Black
lPgS @g7 18 Q a 4 h e will d o            If 14 ... @hS then 1S @a4+                  f-file.                                 to advance his f-pawn,
 well to survive t h e coming            Q d 7 16 g a e l with t h e t h r e a t          Practical t e s t s a r e await-    thereby weakening e6.
 onslaught.                               of Q d l l o o k s good f o r               ed o n 9 Qe2.                                   18 ...        f6
74 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                      Kieseritzky Gambit 75
          19 Q f 4      &6?!            He knows where he is                                                 56 Qf8+ @e7
    Black l e t s t h e white       going.                                                                   57 Bb8       @f6
pieces        in     without    a             ...
                                             27          Qe7?!                                               58 @h4       e4?
struggle. 19 ... Q g 6 2 0 Qg3          27 ... a h 6 was more sen-                                        After this, White has no
Qh6+ 21 @c2 Qxd3+ 22 @xd3           sible. After 28 Bxh6 Qxh6+                                        trouble     containing   the
is a l s o good f o r White;        29 @d3 @e7 30 Q e 4 a draw                                        pawns. Better was 58 ...
Black had to wait and play          seems very likely although                                        Qc5, followed by pushing
something like 19 ... Be8.          White might b e able to                                           t h e d-pawn. White should
White then has a number             create s o m e slight prob-                                       still win, however.
of ideas (for example, 20           lems f o r Black by advanc-                                              S9 Qg4+! @e7
E f 2 to prepare t h e doubling     ing his queenside pawns.                                                 6 0 Qe3      EcS
of rooks o r 2 0 &3!?                        28 Q e 4
                                             29 b 4
                                                         @e8               38   ...     Bf3                  61 @g4       dS
threatening Bxe7+) b u t it's                            @d7              38 ... @d8 39 Bh8+ wins            62 afS+      @d7
n o t clear if they will be                  30 Bg6      c6           a t least a pawn.                      63 @f4       @c7
s t r o n g enough to break                  31 E g 7    Ef8                  39 a x h S ab3                 6 4 aa8      b4
down t h e black position.              Black realises t h a t he             4 0 Qh7    Bxb6                65 Qal      @b6
          20 Qe6+ @d8               cannot leave his rook pass-               41 Qf6+    @d8                 66 g 4       EcZ
          21 dS?!                   ively on h 8 f o r ever, so he            42 Q x g 4                     67 Qe3       Ed2
     21 Qe3, with t h e idea of     switches to t h e fS-square,          Black has managed to               6 8 gS      @bs
Q f 4 , was a n interesting         from where he might have         activate his rook, b u t                69 g6        QfZ+
alternative. The t e x t un-        a chance of active counter-       White has won back his                 70 @eS       Qf8
necessarily weakens eS.             play one day.                    pawn and his kingside                   71 O d S b3
      n ...             Qf7                  32 Qh7      cd          pawns a r e about to s t a r t          72 @xe4 @cS
          22 c 4        &6                   33 cd       Bfs         marching.                               73 Qc1+     -6
          23 g3         Qxe6                 34 a4!
                                        Although Black is tied
                                                                             42 ...      Qb2+                74 Q f 4    Qe8+
          24 g x e 6 Q e S                                                   43@f3       bs                  75 @fS      EeS+
          25 QxeS! f e              down on t h e kingside,                  4 4 hS      Qb3+                76 @f6      Qe4
          26 g x f 8 + Qxf8         White will be unable to win              4 s @g2     Qb2+                77 Qd1+ @cS
     With s o m e exchanges         without opening another                  46 @h3      Qbl                 7 8 Qe6+ @b4
Black has relieved m o s t of       f r o n t which will make his            47 h6       fif8                79 g7       Qg4
t h e pressure from his posi-       greater mobility tell.                   4 8 Qh8     @e7                 80 Q g S    Qf4+
tion, b u t he is still l e f t               ...
                                             34           a6                 49 h7       !a7                 81 @eS      1-0
with t h e inferior minor                    35 bS        ab                 SO ag8      Ehl+
piece and weak king side                     36 ab       @d8?                s1 Qh2 @f7                        Game 23
pawns. On t h e o t h e r hand,         36 ... b6! would have
                                    offered drawing chances.
                                                                             52 h8=Q Q x h 8                        -
                                                                                                         D. Holmes Hebden
he does still have a n e x t r a                                             53 Qxh8 Qdl                British Championship,
pawn, which should be                        37 b6! (71)                     S4 Eb8      ExdS               Plymouth 1989
enough to hold t h e balance.            Black is beginning to run           ss @g4?!
     26 ... g x f 8 27 Qg6 Qf7 28   o u t of space.                      I t would have been bet-
@e3 intending @e4 would                       ...
                                             37          @d7         t e r to play 55 @h4, leaving
have given White good play.                  38 @e2                  t h e g-pawn's route free.
          27 Q f 2                      Zugzwang.                            ss ...      @f6
76 Kieseritzky Gambit                                                                                                  Kieseritzky Gambit 77
      S      QeS      436            mate. An absolute scandal!           0-1 Hajek - Bures, Corr.                   (d) 13 a x e 4 (This is rela-
      6      d4        d6                Instead of 13 Qc4?!               1962.                                tively best) 13 ... B x e 4 14
      7      Qd3      m e 4          White can play 13 dS. After              (b) 13 dS?. Glaskov and Es-       e x e 4 Qxe4 IS Q f 2 fS and i t
      8      @e2      Be7            13 ... Q x d 2 14 B x d 2 (14 d c    trin considered this to lead          will b e very difficult f o r
      9      Qxf4 Q c 6              e x e 2 IS Qxe2 Q e 4 is fine        to a good game f o r Black            Black to convert his mate-
        10 ~3         Qfs            f o r Black) 14 ... Q e S 1s e f 2   a f t e r 13 ... Q x d 2 14 e x d 2   rial advantage into a full
        U ad2          0-0-0         (IS Qb4!? deserves atten-            Q e S IS QxeS d e 16 @f2 e d 7 .      point.
        12 0-0-0                     tion) IS ... Qxd3+ 16 Qxd3           This is a very s t r a n g e ass-               13 ...          @e6!
    Bangiev considers t h a t 12     Qxd3 17 g x d 3 @b8 18 QgS           essment a s a f t e r 17 e x a 7           This attack o n a2 proves
a x e 4 e x e 4 13 @d2 deserves      f6 19 g e 3 (19 g e l e d 7 is       Qh6+ (17 ... e x d S 18 Qf4!) 18      rather embarrassing as 14
atten tion.                          about equal) 19 ... @d7 (19          @bl e x d S 19 @al! Black is in       @bl fails to 14 ... Qxd2+ IS
        12  ...       ge8 (721       ... e f 7 20 g e 6 with good         deep trouble. 19 ... e 4 is met       Qxd2 e x e 2 16 Qxe2 gxe2.
    12 ... Qg7 is an alterna-        compensation f o r t h e pawn)       by 20 e a 8 + @d7 21 QcS+!                      14 a3
tive, with t h e idea of bring-      20 Qxf6 Qxf6 (20 ... g h f 8 21      and 19 ... c 6 20 Qe2 e d 6 21             14 a x e 4 e x a 2 .
ing t h e king's rook to e8.         g e 6 ) 21 @xf6 g h f 8 22 @gS       Qf2!? @c7 (21 ... @b8 22                        14 ...
Gallagher - Bachmayr, Zug            (22 @e6) 22 ... g f 2 23 g e 7       e a 4 ) 22 Q x g 4 Q x g 4 23              White is suddenly in all
1991 continued: 13 Qc4?! hS!         e b S 24 ge2! g f f 8 2 s g h e l    Q x g 4 Q f 4 (23 ...Qg7 2 4 Q e 3    s o r t s of trouble.
14 g e l g h e 8 1s @c2?! e d 7 16   with an edge f o r White. Of         is good f o r White) 24 Q f 6                    s
                                                                                                                         1 1              hS
g 3 Qxd4! 17 c d Q x d 4 18 @dl      course there may be im-              Ed8 25 Qd7!! g x d 7 26 e a 8 +           This move emphasises
@c6 (Black has tremendous            provements f o r either side         @b8 27 e x b 8 + @xb8 28              White's helplessness, b u t
compensation f o r t h e piece)      a s this analysis is untested.       g x d 7 with a winning ending         t h e immediate IS ... Qg7
19 Q b 4 @cS 20 Qe3 @xb4 21                                               f o r White.                          was probably more precise.
Qxd4 Q x g 3 22 a x e 8 g x e 8                                               Unfortunately, a f t e r do-               16 g3            a 7
23 a 3 @el 24 g g l Q x f l 2s                                            ing this analysis t h e t r u t h              17 Xh2           Qxc31
g x f l @e4! 26 Q e 3 ? @bl+ 27                                           was discovered. White does                This neat sacrifice ends
@d2 @d3+ 28 @el (28 @cl                                                   indeed lose, and very quick-          t h e game.
gxe3) 28 ... cS (28 ... gxe3+                                             ly. If you have read 'a' you                   1 bc
                                                                                                                           8              @xa3+
wins easily) 29 @a4 (Up to                                                should have no problem                         19 @c2
this point, my opponent                                                   working o u t t h e solution:             19 @bl g x e l 2 0 B x e l B x c 3
had played a fantastic                                                    13 ... Qxc3! 14 @xe7 Qxa2+            wins.
game, b u t fortunately f o r                                             IS @bl a x e 7 16 @xa2 Q x d S                 19  ...          Qxd4
m e he had l e s s than a min-                                            and White m u s t lose a                       20 @a1
u t e to reach move 40) 29 ...              13 gel?!                      piece, leaving him a t least              If 20 cd Q b 4 + 21 @bl Exel
@e4? (29 ... Qd7! wins a t              This i s just one of sever-       three pawns behind.                   22 @xel e a 2 + 23 @cl &c2 is
once) 30 nf4! @e6 31 @d2             al mistakes White can make               (c) 13 Q c 4 i s well m e t by    mate. Now, it's almost a s
c d 32 @xd4 Q e 4 33 @xa7 (I         in this position. For ex-            13 ... e d 7 14 Q e 3 hS when         strong.
began to have s o m e hope)          ample:                               White does n o t have                          20  ...          Qb4+
33 ... Qc6 3 4 Qc4! (The b e s t        (a) 13 g3? (13 @e3? meets         enough f o r t h e pawn.                           0-1
move under t h e circum-             a similar accident) 13 ...
stances) 34 ... @el+ 35 @c2          Qxc3! 14 @xe7 Qxa2+ 1s
@e6?! 36 @c3! g3? 37 nxf7!           @bl n x e 7 16 @xa2 Qxd3 17
@el+ 38 @b3 @e6 39 @a8               Qxd3 Q b 4 + 18 @b3 Q x d 3
                                                                                                                          Modern Defence 79
                                                                             different s o r t of game, b u t 7 a d 3 is a l s o interesting.
                                                                             one in which he will have to
                                                                             be careful to avoid being
                                                                             steam-rollered by t h e white
4) Modern Defence                                                            centre.
                                                                                Apart from 4 ... Q f 6 (the
                                                                             subject       of     subsequent
                                                                             games), there a r e a number
                                                                             of o t h e r rarely played al-
      1    e4         eS              fied White often maintains             ternatives:
      2    f4         ef              a slight, b u t persistent ad-            (a) 4 ... @xdS (This can't
      3    Qf3        dS (73)         vantage. This can usually              be good) S Q c 3 @e6+ (Other
                                      be attributed to t h e extra           queen moves a r e no better,               s Qc3
73                                    central pawn in his poss-              e.g. S ... @hS 6 a e 2 ; o r S ...     Spassky has a liking f o r
w                                     ession, or to t h e activity of        @a5 6 a c 4 Q f 6 7 @e2+ a e 7 an early Q c 3 in many lines
                                      his major pieces o n t h e             8 d4; S ... &d8!?) 6 a e 2 a d 6 of t h e King's Gambit, b u t
                                      open files of t h e kingside.          7 0-0 Q e 7 8 d 4 0-0 9 Q g S here i t only serves to limit
                                          After 4 ed Q f 6 , I have          with a clear advantage to White's options by blocking
                                      selected t w o of t h e m o s t        White.                             t h e c-pawn.
                                      interesting lines for White               (b) 4 ... a e 7 S a c 4 (or S       After t h e natural S d4,
                                      ( a t least in my opinion): S          &bS+ c6 6 d c b c 7 a c 4 a h 4 + Black normally chooses
                                      a c 4 and S abS+. The latter           8 @ f l with a good game f o r from S ... Q f 6 o r S ... Qe7:
                                      i s normally regarded a s t h e        White) S ...ah 4+ 6 @fl. This          (a) S ... Q f 6 6 c 4 (Against
    Black makes no a t t e m p t      main line, b u t recently              position could a l s o be 6 @e2+ Black should play 6
to keep t h e gambit pawn             Black has been finding life            reached via t h e Cunning-         ... ae7!. I t would then be
and concentrates o n open-            more difficult against S               ham. I t seems to me t h a t dangerous for White to try
ing lines f o r his pieces and        a c 4 . Let's have a look a t          Black h a s wasted too much and win a pawn a s Black
joining in t h e battle f o r t h e   some games.                            time. The game Blaess - can create awkward threats
initiative.                                                                  Schoppmeyer, Bundesliga on t h e e-file, e.g. 7 c4 0-0
    As a King's Gambit                         Game 24                       1986/87, continued: 6 ... a f 6 8 a x f 4 g e 8 9 Q c 3 a d 6 10
player, you should make                             -
                                          Spassky Bronsteln                  7 d 4 Q e 7 8 Q c 3 0-0 9 a x f 4 Q e S cs!) 6 ... 0-0 (6 ... Q g 4 7
s u r e t h a t you a r e thorough-
ly acquainted with t h e lines
                                            Leningrad 1960              I)   bS 10 Q x b S &a6 11 d6! c d 12 a d 3 0-0 8 0-0 and White's
                                                                             a 4 and Black has no com- central pawns a r e strong).
arising from t h e Modern                   1 e4       eS                    pensation f o r t h e pawn.        In this position, 7 Q e S is
Defence, n o t least because                2 f4       ef                       (c) 4 ... c6 S d 4 a d 6 (After normally           recommended,
i t has been recommended                    3 Qf3      dS                    S ... cd 6 a x f 4 White's fa- b u t with t h e r e s t of his
by several publications a s a               4 ed      a d 6 (74)             vourable pawn s t r u c t u r e pieces still a t home, this
                                                                                        '



simple way to equalise ag-               Normally in this varia-             will guarantee a slight ad-        knight foray looks premat-
ainst t h e King's Gambit.            tion, Black captures t h e             vantage). Now 6 Q c 3 leads ure, e.g. 7 ... g e 8 8 a x f 4
But of course this i s n o t          pawn on dS and White t h e             to t h e Nimzowitsch Coun- Q b d 7 9 a e 2 (9 @e2 Q x e S 1         0
t h e case, even when t h e           one on f4. With 4 ... a d 6 ,          ter-Gambit (which we con- d e Q g 4 ) 9 ... Q x e S 10 d e
position becomes simpli-              however, Black intends a               sider later), b u t 6 d c Q x c 6 a x e 5 11 a x e 5 (or 11 0-0
80 Modern Defence                                                                                                              Modern Defence 81
Qxb2) 11 ... E x e s 12 0-0 @e7            Preparing t h e advance of          remove t h e lone intruder
 13 Q c 3 @cS+ 14 @hl Qd7 and          t h e c-pawn.                           with 15 ... Qxd6. After 16
 Black c o n t r o l s t h e dark              9   ...        QxdS            @h7+ @f8 17 cd ef-*+             18
 squares and t h e e-file.                     1 c4
                                                0             Qe3             g x f l cd 19 @h8+ @e7 20                        Game 25
     Instead of 7 QeS, 7 Qe2                   1 Qxe3 f e
                                                1                             g e l + QeS 21 @xg7 E g 8 22                             -
                                                                                                                          Gallagher Ferretti
 looks better. After 7 ... Be8                 12 cs          Qe7             e x h 6 @b6 23 @hl Qe6 24 d e                  Chlasso 1991
 8 0-0 cS 9 Q c 3 (9 b4!?) 9 ...               1 Qc2!
                                                3                             dS; White has s o m e play
Q g 4 10 @hl White has t h e               This s t r o n g move is t h e     f o r t h e exchange, b u t t h e
b e t t e r chances.                   point behind White's play.             outcome is f a r from clear.
    (b) S ... Q e 7 6 c 4 Q g 6 7      If instead 13 @e2, then 13 ...                 16 &d7!
Qe2!? (7 Q d 3 0-0 8 0-0 CS 9          Q f 6 gives Black satisfac-                This m u s t have been t h e
b 4 b6 10 b c bc 11 Q c 3 Q g 4        tory play, e.g. 14 @xe3 Q d S          reason t h a t Spassky could
Hebden - Johansen, London                                                     n o t r e s i s t t h e risky com-
 1982, and now 12 Qxg6!? f g                                                  bination.
13 Q e 4 is a recommenda-
                                       -


                                              13   ...        Re8                     16 ...            ef=@+
tion of Bangiev's) 7 ... 0-0 8           Black vacates f 8 f o r his                  17 Exf1           QfS
0-0 b6 9 Q c 3 c6 10 d c Q x c 6       knight.                                    17 ... @xf7 18 QeS++ @g8
11 Q b S Qe7 12 dS QcS+ 13                  14 @d3      e2 (751               19 @h7+! Qxh7 20 Qb3+ @h8
@hl a c e 7 14 Q f d 4 a6 15 Q c 3                                            21 &6 m a t e is why Black
a d 6 16 Q e 4 QeS 17 Q f 3 Q b 8                                             can't t a k e t h e knight. 17 ...
18 b 4 with a clear advan-                                                   @dS is another try, b u t 1       8
t a g e t o White in Gallagher                                               a b 3 is very s t r o n g , e.g. 18
- Boulard, Paris 1990.                                                        ... @hS 19 Q x h 6 + @h8 20
          S ...         Qe7                                                  Qf7+ @g8 21 QgS+ a h 8 22
                                                                             a f 7 ! and wins. 18 ... @xf7
                                                                                                                        S QbS+ will be seen in
    S ... Q f 6 6 Q c 4 trans-                                                                                      games 29-31.
poses t o t h e notes of game                                                doesn't save Black either:                 Although S Q c 4 is less
26.                                                                          19 Qxf7+ @xf7 20 @c4+ a g 6            forcing than S QbS+, i t cer-
          6 d4          *O                                                   21 @g8 and Black is de-                tainly doesn't contain less
          7 Qd3         Qd7                                                  fenceless.                             venom. White calmly deve-
          8 *  O        h63                      IS a d s ! ?                    After 17 ... QfS White has         lops his bishop, anticipa-
    This move i s a serious                 Whilst probably n o t t h e      only a minimal material                ting t h e opening of t h e a2-
w a s t e of time and serves           s t r o n g e s t move in t h e po-   deficit, b u t his a t t a c k is      g 8 diagonal a f t e r S ... Q x d S
merely t o weaken t h e king-          sition (1.5 Rf2 gave White            still raging.                          (games 27-28). In this game,
side. Spassky demonstrated             t h e b e t t e r game with no                  8
                                                                                     1 @xfS @d7                     however, we shall be exam-
t w o ways f o r Black t o ach-        risk), i t certainly came a s a               19 @f4             Qf6         ining various alternatives
ieve rough equality:                   shock f o r his opponent,                       0
                                                                                     2 Q3eS @e7                     f o r Black a p a r t from S ...
    (a) 8 ... Q f 6 9 Q e S QexdS      who was already s h o r t of              If 20 ... QxeS, 21 a x e s         Qd6, which is game 26.
10 Q x d S Q x d S 11Q x f 4 Q x f 4   time.                                 e e 7 22 @e4! is very strong.                 S    ...        Qbd7
12 E x f 4 @gS;                                  15...         Q f83                21 Qb3                              Black borrows a plan
    (b) 8 ... Q g 6 9 Q e 4 Q f 6          And immediately Bron-              Black has           disastrous        from t h e Caro-Kann Panov
10 Q x d 6 e x d 6 11 c 4 Qg4.         stein makes a decisive mis-           white squares.                         Attack, b u t he will s o o n
         9 he41                        take. It was essential t o                  21    ...       QxeS             realise t h a t White has a
82 Modern Defence                                                                                                                  Modern Defence 8 3
c-pawn (instead of just                                                                 17 gael?!
doubled isolated d-pawns).                                                        This extremely natural
Another dubious move i s S                                                    move gives Black a chance
... @e7+ which is answered                                                    to complicate. Instead, 17
by 6 Qe2! leaving t h e black                                                 Q e S would have l e f t White
queen very badly placed.                                                      a pawn up f o r nothing.
The game Gallagher - Orlov,                                                             17 ...         Exel
Royan 1988, continued: 6 ...                                                            1 Exel
                                                                                          8            cS!
Q x d S 7 0-0 @f6 8 c 4 Q e 7 9                                                         19 QgS!
d 4 cS? (I m u s t admit t h a t                                                  The main point is t h a t
around a b o u t here I was                                                   a f t e r 19 dS Black plays 19 ...
finding i t hard to believe           play c4. After 10 Q c 3 @xe2+           QfxdS! 2 0 c d c 4 with good              was to try and survive t h e
my opponent's 2400 rating)            11a x e 2 Q f 6 (or 11 ... Qd6 12       drawing chances. With 19                  coming onslaught. I think I
10 Q c 3 c d 11 Q x d 4 Q g 6 12      Q e 4 with a n edge) 12 Q x f 4         QgS, White gives back t h e               would have preferred 24 ...
a d 5 @d8 13 E e l QcS 14 Qf3+        Q b x d S 13 Q x d S Q x d S 14         pawn b u t seriously weak-                as, although 25 g x d 4 leaves
Qe6 15 b 4 Qb6 16 cS 0-0 17           Qg3, White has preserved a              e n s t h e black kingside.               White a pawn up.
Q x f 4 and Black l o s t o n         slight advantage.                                 19 ...         cd                         25 g x h 6 Qxd2
time (fortunately).                      For t h e more adventu-                        20 Qxf6        gf                         26 a d 2 @e6
        6 d4            Qb6           rous, 9 Q e S i s a l s o worth                   2l Ee4!                             Black had to meet t h e
   6 ... Qd6 occurred in t h e        looking a t .                               White i s n o t interested            t h r e a t s of @h7+, @h8+ and
game Hebden - Boudre, Le                      9 Qxd7+ @xd7                    in entering i n t o s o m e               @xf6+.
Touquet 1987, which con-                      10 c4!                          cross-pins by capturing o n                         27 Q e 4     @g7
tinued: 7 0-0 0-0 8 Q b 3 bS             White's pawns a r e secure           d4.                                                 2 8 Qh7+ @g8
(otherwise 9 c4) 9 Q c 3 a6           and s t r o n g , whilst t h e r e is             21 ...         @c8                  After 28 ...@xh7 29 QgS+
10 a 4 b 4 11 Q e 2 Q b 6 12          nothing Black can d o to                    The only move a s Black               @g7 30 Qxe6+ fe, White
Q x f 4 Qb7 13 Q e S Q b x d S 14     save his f-pawn.                        had to m e e t t h e t h r e a t of       wins with 31 @a3!. Well, he
Q f d 3 Q d 7 15 @g4 Q S f 6 16              10 ...           0-0             g x d 4 whilst keeping g 4                saw through t h a t one, so
@h4 QxeS?! (Black's posi-                     1
                                             1 0-0            cs              covered.                                  it's over to 'plan B'.
tion was already difficult,              11 ... g e 8 i s answered by                   22 g h 4       h6                         29 g h 6     @g7
b u t a f t e r t h e coming ex-      12 @d3 and 11 ... c6 loses to                     23 Q b d 2                                30 g x f 6 @g4
changes his queenside will            12 d6!                                      I s p e n t s o m e time con-             This loses a t once. 30 ...
b e too weak) 17 d e Q e 4 18                12 dc6          bc               sidering 23 cS, b u t a f t e r 23        @eS caused me s o m e con-
@xd8 g a x d 8 19 Q e 3 a s ? 20             13 Q x f 4 g f e 8               ... Qa4! couldn't s e e a way             cern, until I found t h e fol-
e6 f e 21 Qxe6+ 1-0.                         14 @d3          QcS              to a clear advantage.                     lowing variation: 31 @f3 d 3
        7 QbS+ Q d 7                     Obviously Black has to                         23 ...         Q a 4 (78)       32 g x f 7 + @g8 33 Q f 6 + @xf7
        8 @e2+ (77)                   seek s o m e s o r t of compli-                   2 4 b4!                         3 4 Q g 4 + @e6 35 a x e 5 d2
    In o r d e r to cover t h e c4-   cations.                                    White m e e t s t h e t h r e a t s   (35 ... a x e 5 i s b e t t e r b u t
square.                                      15 Qbd2!                         of ...Q x b 2 and ...QcS.                 White will win) 36 @f7+!
        8   ...         Qe77             From b 3 t h e knight will                     24 ...         Qxb471           @d6 37 @dS+ @c7 38 @c6+
    Black had to play 8 ...           take t h e pressure off d4.                 Black came to t h e con-              @b8 39 Q d 7 + g x d 7 4 0 @xd7
@e7, and a f t e r 9 Qxd7+, 9 ...            15    ...        gad8            clusion t h a t he was l o s t            and t h e pawn is stopped.
Q f x d 7 so t h a t White can't             16 Qb3          Qf8              and decided his b e s t chance                      31 gf3!      Qb27
8 4 Modern Defence
                                                                                                                                 Modern Defence 85
                                        (c) 7 ... Q g 4 8 d 4 Q b d 7 9     Qe4! 0-0 13 Q e g S QxgS 14               QxeS and if Black plays ...
                                    @d3 QhS (9 ... g e 8 10 Qb3             Q x g S g e 8 1S @d3 (1s @hS              Qbd7 he has t o contend
                                    QhS 11 Q g S Qg6 12 @f3 is              w a s a l s o s t r o n g a s 1s ... h6   with Qc6. Meanwhile, t h e
                Game 26             b e t t e r f o r White; 9 ... Q b 6    loses t o 16 QeS hg 17 @xgS               f-pawn is under attack.
                 -
      Gallagher Metzger             10 Q b 3 transposes t o 'b') 10         f6 18 Bxf6!) 1s ... QfS? (The                   11    ...       QU
               Lenk 1989            Q g S &6 11 @h3 h6 12 Qe6!              l a s t chance w a s 1s ... g6)              11 ... gS 12 h4.
                                    f e 13 d e @h8 14 ed Q x d 7            (79).
                                    (Heuer - Uusi, Tallinn 1964)
                                                                                                                            12 0-0          f6
          1 e4          eS
          2 f4          ef          1S Qd3! with a good game                                                                13 Q c 6 +       f
                                                                                                                                            @7
                                                                                                                          Taking o n c6 would lib-
          3 Qf3         dS          f o r White.
          4 ed         Qf6                    6  ...        @e7
                                                                                                                      e r a t e White's queenside
                                                                                                                      pieces - a long diagonal f o r
          S Qc4        Qd6              Black has been known t o
                                                                                                                      t h e bishop and a beautiful
    This move i s slightly ill-     give up t h e right t o c a s t l e
                                                                                                                      o u t p o s t o n dS f o r t h e
ogical a s White's dS-pawn          in this position with 6 ...
                                                                                                                      knight.
should b e s t r o n g e r than @f8. After 7 d 4 Q g 4 8 Q c 3
                                    a6 I found t h e wrong plan
                                                                                                                            14 Qd2          Be8
Black's f4-pawn.                                                                                                            1s Bae1         Qd7
          6 @e2+                    in t h e game Gallagher -
                                                                                                                            16 a4!
    Black's main chances lie Cladouras,                  Luxembourg
                                                                                                                        White w a n t s t o lure t h e
in s o m e s o r t of kingside 1989, which continued 9                          16 @b3 Be7 17 Qd6 Qe6 (17             black pawn to b 4 s o t h a t he
attack, therefore White 0-O? Q b d 7 10 a 4 h6 11 Qd2                       ... E d 7 l o s e s t o 18 Qb4) 18        can play c 4 and create a
o f f e r s t o exchange queens.    gS 12 x a e l @g7 13 @d3 xe8           Q x e 6 Bxe6 19 @xe6! 1-0.                 mobile pawn mass.
    6 Q c 3 i s a n interesting 14 Bxe8 @xe8 1s E e l and a
alternative, e.g. 6 ... 0-0 7 draw w a s agreed.
                                                                                      7 @xe7+                              16    ...       b4
                                                                                7 Q c 3 i s a l s o possible.               17 a d 1        aS
0-0 and now Black has sev-              Much b e t t e r would have         Hebden - Lein, New York
                                    been 9 Qd2 followed by
                                                                                                                            1 Bxe8
                                                                                                                             8              @xe8
eral ways to try and com-                                                   1983 continued 7 ... a6 8
                                    castling long, which would                                                              19 c4           Qb8
plete his developement:                                                    $xe7+ (8QeS!?) 8 ... @xe7 9                    Black i s in a desperate
    (a) 7 ... c6 8 d 4 cd (8 ... enable White t o a t t a c k o n          0-0 B e 8 10 d 4 bS 11 Q b 3               s t a t e with his knight and
&4 should b e m e t by 9 t h e kingside.                                   Qbd7, and now 12 Q g S                     rook tied down defending
@d3 with ideas of QeS; 8 ...            6 ... Qe7 w a s played ag-         would have given White t h e               weak pawns.
bS is dubious, e.g. 9 Q d 3 c d ainst me in t h e game Gall-               b e t t e r game.                                   20 gel+ @d7
10 Q x b S Q c 6 11 Q x d 6 @xd6 agher - Chudinovski, Lenk
12 QeS! Q x e S 13 Qxf4! with 1991. Play continued 7 d4!?
                                                                                     7  ...          axe7                   a      cs     Q f 8 (80)
                                                                                     8 d4            Qfs
advantage to White) 9 (7 Q c 3 could well be b e s t ,                               9 Qb3           bS?! \
QxdS! Qe6 10 Q x f 6 + H x f 6 b u t I w a s hoping t o s t e e r              Naturally, Black i s worr-
and, according to ECO, 11 t h e game i n t o familiar lines                ied a b o u t White playing c4,
Qe2 gives White t h e edge.         with an e x t r a tempo) 7 ...         but ... bS seriously weakens
    (b) 7 ... Q b d 7 8 d 4 Q b 6 9 Q x d S 8 QxdS @xdS 9 Q x f 4          t h e queenside.
Q b 3 &4 10 @d3 aS 11 a 3 a 4 c6 (9 ... @d8? 10 @eS!) 10                          10 Qc3           a6
12 fPa2 Q x f 3 13 @xf3 with a 0-0 (10 Q c 3 @e6!) 10 ... Qe6                      1
                                                                                  1 QeS
good game f o r White, 11 Q c 3 @as? ( I t w a s b e t t e r                   This i s a beautiful s q u a r e
Spielmann - Fahrni, Baden t o play 11 ... H d 8 in order t o               f o r t h e knight. Of c o u r s e i t
1914.                               defend his bishop o n e7) 12           i s unthinkable to play ...
8 6 Modern Defence                                                                                                               Modern Defence 87
       22 QxaS!?                              3    Qf3        dS                Q x f 7 ) IS Q x f 4 0-0-0 16 Qg3    a s s a u l t on t h e black king.
    This l i t t l e combination is           4    ed         Q f6              e h 3 17 Qxc6 n x g 3 18 Q x e 7 +   If now 14 ... B x b 2 IS Qc3!)
n o t strictly necessary, b u t               S    Qc4        Q x d S (81)      @b8 19 @f2 with a clear              14 ... Q d 7 IS Q c 3 B c S 16 E h 3
i t d o e s lead to an endgame                                                  advantage f o r White (Glas-         g6 17 Qxg6 f g 18 Be6+ E f 7
where White's queenside                                                         kov).                                19 Exh7! and White wins.
pawn majority will be de-                                                                6 ...          Qe7              (c) 9 ...a  c6!. White seems
cisive.                                                                             The main alternative, 6 ...      to have nothing b e t t e r than
       22   ...        Bxas                                                     Qe6, will b e seen in g a m e        10 QxdS QxdS 11 Q x d S e x d S
        23 Q x b 4 ga8                                                          28.                                  12 Q x f 4 Qd6! 13 Qxd6 (13
        24 c6+          Qxc6                                                            7 d4                         c4? Q x d 4 ) 13 ... @xd6 14 c 3
        25 dc+          @xc6                                                        Again White should con-          with only t h e slightest of
        26 Qxf8         Exf8                                                    sider taking o n dS: 7 QxdS          edges.
        27 Qc3!                                                                e x d S 8 d 4 0-0 9 Q x f 4 and                8 QxdS @xdS
    White       threatens       to                                              we have transposed to t h e                   9 Q x f 4 (82)
transfer his bishop to t h e               Black's     m o s t popular          text. However, Black d o e s
long diagonal, a f t e r which         choice.                                  have t h e e x t r a possibility
his a-pawn will become t h e                    6 0-0                           of 8 ... gS!?
s t a r of t h e show. Mean-               I t i s quite possible t h a t               7  ...          0-0
while, Black's knight on hS            White can achieve a n edge                   Black can a l s o play 7 ...
continues to look r a t h e r          with t h e na'ive-looking 6             Qe6. Plans with Q b 3 and c 4
sad.                                   QxdS B x d S 7 Qc3. Black               a r e n o t so effective when
        27  ...                        has a number of squares                  White h a s already played
    If 27 ... E d 8 t h e n 28 Q d l   f o r his queen:                        d 4 as Black will b e a b l e to
i s strong.                                (a) 7 ... @hS 8 d 4 Qd6 9           answer c 4 with Q e 3 . 8 @e2
        2 8 QdS+ @d7                   we2+ @d8 10 Q e S (10 0-O!?)            looks b e s t and a f t e r 8 ...
        29 Q f 3        g6             and White had t h e advan-              0-0 9 Q c 3 Black has several                    9  ...         cs3
       30              Qd3             t a g e in Leonhardt - Szekely.         moves:                                     I t i s natural f o r Black to
       31 Q a 4        Qc4             Abbazia 1912.                               (a) 9 ... Q x c 3 10 bc Q x c 4   w a n t to open t h e c e n t r e f o r
       32 a4           1-0                 (b) 7 ... B d 8 8 d 4 Qd6 9         11 w x c 4 Qd6 12 wbS b6 13           his         two    bishops, b u t
                                       @e2+ @e7 10 @xe7+ @xe7 11               &S! with a good g a m e f o r         White's lead in develop-
            Game 27                    QdS+ and White has a pro-               White.                                ment will prove too much
                  -
    Gallagher Balashov                 mising ending.                              (b) 9 ... c6 10 Q x d S Qxd?      to cope with.
            Lenk 1991                      (c) 7 ... @fS 8 @e2+ Qe7 9          11 Qd3! (This is Glaskov's                In t h e game Bangiev -
                                       d 4 c6 (9 ... Qe6 10 dS! QxdS           improvement o n t h e o l d 11        Aleksandrov, Minsk 1987,
    (One might b e forgiven            11 Q d 4 w d 7 12 Q x f 4 0-0 13        a x d 5 cd 12 Q x f 4 with rough      Black played 9 ... c6, b u t
f o r thinking t h a t Lenk i s a      0-0-0 i s dangerous f o r               equality. I should just men-          a f t e r 10 Q c 3 @hS 11 wd2 h6
modern day t h e m e tourna-           Black) 10 0-0 (also good is             tion t h a t 10 ... c d is n o t so   12 gael Qe6 13 Q e S g e 8 14
ment f o r t h i s variation, b u t    10 dS!? cd 11 Q d 4 ) 10 ... Qe6        good a s Black remains with           Q e 4 a d 7 IS Q g 3 B h 4 16
I a s s u r e you i t is just a nor-   11Q e S g 5 12 g 3 g g 8 ( o r 12 ...   t h e bad bishop) 11 ... Q x f 3      Qg6! f g 17 Exe6 White had
mal international open!)               Q d 7 13 gf g 4 14 Q e 4 ) 13 gf        12 g x f 3 w x d 4 + 13 @hl Qd6       clearly t h e b e t t e r chances.
         1 e4             eS           g f + 14 a h 1 Q d 7 (14 ... Q b 4      14 QdZ! (White's bishops              Maybe 9 ... B d 8 is Black's
         2 f4             ef           IS gxf4! w h 3 16 g f 3 B h S 17        a r e lining up f o r a direct        b e s t , b u t White has t h e
88 Modern Defence                                                                                                                 Modern Defence 89
freer game.                           13 ... @e6. After 14 a x f 8            @e4+ @g7 21 @g4+ and                     @d8+ with a draw by per-
        0
       1 Qc3             @c4          @xel 15 g a x e l @xf8 16               mate; 17 ... @xd4 18 Q f 6 + gf           petual. If Black tries to win
    This suspicious-looking           Q x d 4 cd 17 Q b S Q c 6 18 Q c 7      19 g e 8 + @h7 2 0 @g3 mating;            with 2 0 ... @h8, White g e t s
move i s virtually forced a s         he resigned (Gallagher -                17 ... g x d 4 i s a little               a very s t r o n g attack, e.g. 21
any o t h e r queen move (ap-         Morris, Hastings 1990/91).              tougher b u t 18 Q f 6 + i s             QgS h6 22 Q f 7 + @h7 23
art f r o m t h e horrible ...              13    ...       Ed8 (83)          again good: 18 ... gf 19 g e 8 +         @e4+ @g8 24 g f l &cS 25
@fS) would allow 11 dS with                                                   @h7 2 0 @xf6 @xfl+ 21 @xfl               Qxh6+.
a marked positional super-                                                    Be6 22 h3 @g7 and now 23                      (a32) 16 Q x d 6 @xd6 and
iority.                                                                       @el! i s very s t r o n g .               White has several tries:
          1 @ell
           1                                                                      (a22) 16 ... f6. If you've                (a321) 17 Q g 5 @g6! and
    The main idea behind t h i s                                              studied t h e above variat-              now b o t h 18 g x f 7 (18 Q x f 7
'creeping' queen move i s to                                                  ions, t h e f i r s t move s h o u l d   a f 6 ) 18 ...Q c 6 19 c 3 (19 g a f l
defend t h e knight o n c3,                                                   be obvious: 17 Qxf6+! gf 18              a e 6 ) 19 ... a f 6 2 0 @c4 Q e S
thereby creating t h e t h r e a t                                            g e 8 + @f7 19 @hS+ (19 QeS+             and 18 Rae1 a d 7 (18 ... f6 19
of 12 b3. Instead, in t h e                                                   wins t h e queen, b u t White            @xh7+!) 19 g x f 7 h6 2 0 g e f l
g a m e Wall - Morris, British                                                will have virtually n o pieces           Qc6 21 g x d 7 hg lead no-
Ch 1989, White played 11                                                      left. 19 g f e l @fl+!! i s n o t so     w here.
Q e 5 and a f t e r 11 ... @xd4+             14 Q e 4                         clear) 19 ... @g7 2 0 @g4+                    (a322) 17 g a e l a d 7 18
12 @xd4 c d 13 Q b 5 Q a 6               The f i r s t t i m e I had this    @h6 21 Qd2! @f7 22 g g 8 !                @d8+ @f8 19 @c7 a c 6 and
White's s l i g h t initiative        position (Gallagher - Cam-             and Black h a s to play 22 ...            Black h a s no worries.
never really troubled Black.          pora, Biel 1990) I t h o u g h t       @xg8 to avoid m a t e (22 ...                  (a323) 17 gad1 @f6! 18
          11...          af6          over a n hour here. I was              @g6 23 @h4+! @hS 2 4 g x f 6 +            Q g S a f S 19 c 3 (19 g 4 @c6+)
    Forced, as 11 ... c d 12          fascinated by t h e variations         a x f 6 25 @xf6+ u g 6 26 @f4+            19 ... h6 2 0 Q f 3 @xh4! (20 ...
u x e 7 d c 13 a d 6 Q d 7 14 QeS!    arising f r o m 14 @h4!? gxd6.         @hS 27 g4+ @h4 28 Q f 3 +                 a e s ? 21 Qd8+ @h7 22 E d 5
i s decisive.                         White can now play 15 Q e 4            @h3 29 @g3 mate). After 23                Qc6 23 @xf6 gf 24 a x e 5 f e
          12 a d 6       axd4+        or 15 gael:                            e x g 8 Q c 6 24 g f 4 g g 7 25           25 g x f 5 winning) 21 Q x h 4
    12 ... E d 8 13 d c i s clearly      (a) 15 Q e 4 . Black has to         g h 4 + @g6 26 @e8+ White                 Q g 4 22 c d a x d l 23 g x d l cd
b e t t e r f o r White.              stay defending d 8 so he has           has a winning attack.                     24 g x d 4 Q c 6 25 E d 7 gd8!
          13 @hi                      a choice of 15 ... g d 5 , 15 ...          (a3) 15 ... @dS!. This i s a          with a winning ending.
    This game against Bala-           E d 7 or 15 ...@dS:                    f a r superior defence to                     So, 15 Q e 4 only s e e m s to
shov w a s in f a c t t h e third        (al) 15 ... gd5. This ugly          either of t h e rook moves                o f f e r equality (Line a31).
time I'd reached t h i s posi-        move m e e t s with a s w i f t        and, in f a c t , I can't find any        Returning to t h e position
tion. O n e of t h e previous         refutation: 16 @e7!                    way f o r White to obtain t h e           a f t e r 14 ... g x d 6 (84):
occasions w a s against t h e            (a2) 15 ... E d 7 i s more          advantage.                                    (b) 15 gael! and now
very s a m e Morris who               resilient b u t a l s o loses: 16          (a31) 16 Qxd4!? (16 @e7               Black has:
drew with s u c h consumate           gael!. Black is now faced              g e 6 ) 16 ... c d ( n o t 16 ...             (bl) 15 ... h6? 16 Qd2! @b4
e a s e against Wall (see             with t h e t h r e a t of 17 Q e g S   @xd4? 17 c3! g h 6 (17 ... @eS            (or 16 ... @a6 17 g e 8 + @h7
above). However, o n coming           and has 16 ... h6 or 16 ... f6.        18 Q x d 6 @xd6 19 gad11 18               18 g x c 8 ) 17 a 3 @xb2 18 Q c 4
 face to face with t h e t r u t h       (a21) 16 ... h6 17 Q x d 4 and      e x h 6 @xe4 19 @d6 @h4 2 0               @xc3 19 g e 8 + @h7 20 Q x d 6
a b o u t his position, Morris        now each of t h e three re-            g f 4 @gS 21 h 4 winning) 17              and White has a crushing
decided n o t to p u t u p any        captures lose: 17 ... c d 18           e e 7 g d 8 18 gxf7! e x f 7 19           attack.
resistance at a l l and played        Q f 6 + gf 19 g e 8 + @h7 2 0          $xd8+ @f8 2 0 @dS+ @f7 21                     (b2) 15 ... f6 16 g e 8 + @f7
90 Modern Defence                                                                                              Modern Defence 91
                                   Qf6+ wins.                         tried t o simplify a s much          28 @b4!
                                                                      a s possible (almost t o o       The s t a r t of a fine se-
                                                                      much). The game went: 21       quence of moves leading t o
                                                                      Efdl f 4 22 Exd8+ Exd8 23      victory.
                                                                      Qe7 f 3 24 gf Qc4 25 e x e s         28   ...      Qd4
                                                                      QxeS 26 Qxd8 Qxb2 27 Ebl         The bishop does not have
                                                                      Qd4 28 Exb7!? QdS 29 Eb3       the f6-square a t its dispo-
                                                                      Qxb3 30 a b @g8 31 @g2 @f7     sal, a s White could then
                                                                      32 f 4 @e6 33 @f3 @fS 34       sacrifice an exchange with
                                                                      Qc7 &l 35 h3 Qh2 36 c4 g5      a mating attack.
                                                                      37 Qb8 a6 38 b4! gf 39 bS ab         29 Ee4!       aS
17 QeS+ QxeS 18 @xc4+                                                 40 ab @e6 41 b6 @dS 42               30 @d2
@xe8 19 @g8+ @d7 20 Q e 4                 16 QeS!!                    Qxf4 1-0.                        White's queen eyes up
with advantage t o White.             It's rare that one gets a             21 Qe7      Qxe7         the kingside.
   (b3) 15 ... Qe6 16 @e7 (a       chance t o play such a move,             22 exes Qf6                    30   ...      Qb2
strange way t o win a rook)        but t o play the same one                23 e c 7                       31 EhS!       Ec6
16 ... Q c 6 17 e x d 6 E d 8 18   twice against grandmasters            Occasionally, two bish-       Black tries t o s t o p
@c7 and although Black has         is really too much.                ops can make life difficult    nxh6+. But ...
some compensation for the                 16 ...        QxeS          for a queen, but here White          32 Exc4I Exc4
exchange, White's chances             The best practical chance.      is very active.                      33 nxh6+! g h
are t o be preferred.              Of course, 16 ... QxeS all-              23 ...      h6                 34 @xh6+ @g8
   Let's return t o t h e game     ows 17 @xd8+ and 16 ...                  24 Rae1     Qa6                35 @e6+ 1-0
after 14 Qe4.                      @xfl+ 17 Exfl f e 18 @xd8+               25 nxfS     Qxb2
       14  ...       fS?!          Q x d 8 19 E f 8 is mate. 16 ...         26 h3!                            Game 28
   This is an understand-          @e6 17 Qxc6 Exd6 1 Qe7+ 8             Playing safe.                     Hebden - Geller
able reaction a s Black            @h8 19 QgS also wins. Dur-               26 ...      Edc8                Moscow 1986
wasn't t o o keen on having        ing the game I actually saw              27 Be71
his kingside shattered after       19 ... @g6 20 @xh7+! e x h 7          Now Black can't take on           1   e4       eS
14 ... Q c 6 IS c3 Qf6 b u t       21 Q f 7 mate without notic-       c2 because of 28 Ef8+ Exf8          2    f4       ef
nevertheless this is his           ing that the queen on g6 is        29 @xf8+ @h7 30 @fS+.                3   Qf3      dS
best course. In fact i t is        en prise.                                27 ...      Qc4 (86)           4 ed         Q f6
not s o easy for White t o                17 Qf6+ Qxf6                                                     S Qc4        QxdS
win and maybe his best line               1 @xc4+ @h8
                                           8                                                               6 0-0        Qe6 (87)
is 16 Qfd2!? @e6 17 Qxf6+                 19 QxcS QeS                                                   By defending his knight
gf 18 @g3+ e g 4 (18 ... @h8              20 @e2        b6                                           with t h e bishop, Black
19 Eael e x d 6 20 Ee8+) 19           At last the twin games                                         makes i t less attractive for
@xg4+ Qxg4 20 Exf6 and             g o their separate ways a s                                       White t o capture on dS, as
Black's     weakened       dark    Campora played 20 ... Qe6                                         there is no longer any time
squares give White t h e ad-       here. In that game, due t o                                       t o be gained by pushing
vantage.                           my long think on move 14, I                                       around the 'black queen.
        s
       1 @h4! Q c 6 (8.5)          had only a few minutes un-                                              7 Qb3
   IS ... Ee8 16 Q f g S h6 17     til the time control s o I                                           White gives up any idea
94 Modern Defence                                                                                                               Modern Defence 9.5
       13 a4!                                                                             Game 29                     i t s e e m s inferior to 6 ...
   The queenside is now                                                                         -
                                                                                   Spassky Sakharov                   Q x c 6 (see g a m e s 3 0 and 31).
under heavy pressure a s 13                                                           Leningrad 1960                          7 Q c 4 (91)
... c 6 fails to 14 a b cb 15                                                                                             7 Qe2 is a n alternative
QxbS. Black h a s no choice                                                                                           which leaves White f r e e t o
b u t to seek counterplay                                                                                             advance his central pawns,
against d4.                                                                                                           e.g. 7 Qe2 Qd6 8 d 4 0-0 9 c 4
       13   ...    Qc6                                                                                                ge8 10 Qc3 Q b d 7 (There i s
       14 ab       Qxd4                                                                                               nothing to b e gained by 10
       1S Q x d 4 @xd4+                                                                                               ... Q g 4 11 0-0 Qe3 12 Qxe3
      16 1           gab8                                                                                             f e 13 cS Qc7 14 dS with ad-
   16 ... a b i s bad because of                                                                                      vantage to White) 1 c5 Qc7  1
17 g x a 8 g x a 8 18 Q x b S @xb2                                                                                    12 0-0 and Black's position
(otherwise 19 Q x c 7 wins) 19                                                                                        i s very passive: 12 ... a d 5 is
Qxc4.                                                                                                                 bad because of 13 QxdS cd
   The point of 16 ... g a b 8 is                                                                                     14 QbS!; so Black can try 12
to pin t h e b-pawn so t h a t                                                                                        ... Q f 8 , b u t a f t e r 13 QeS!
White can't achieve a po-                                                                                             QxeS 14 d e Q 6 d 7 15 b 4 a 5 16
werful passed pawn o n a6.              This endgame is of                                                            Q e 4 E x e s 17 Q d 6 E d 5
       17 g x a 6 Q d 6              c o u r s e clearly b e t t e r f o r                                            White could gain t h e ad-
   18 g x e 6 w a s threatened.      White although in t h e end                This i s o f t e n t h o u g h t of   vantage by 18 @a4!
       1 ga4!
         8                           Hebden had t o f i g h t f o r t h e    as t h e critical test of t h e
   18 Qxd6 w a s a n alterna-        draw: 32 @g2 @f7 33 g f S +             Modern Defence.
tive: 18 ... c d l o s e s to 19     (Why n o t 33 @f3?) 33 ...                      S    ...       c6
gdl!; a f t e r 18 ... Q x d 6 19    @g6 34 g 4 g e 3 35 gh.5 h6 36             O t h e r moves a r e inferior:
Qxe6 f e 2 0 @xe6+ White             @f2 g d 3 37 B e 2 E d 4 38 h3             (a) 5 ... Q b d 7 6 c 4 (6
h a s s o m e advantage b u t        B b 4 39 Q d l @f6 4 0 @d3 Qe5          0-O!?) 6 ... a6 7 Qxd7+! Qxd7
Black        maintains        good   41 Qc3 a x b 2 42 Q e 4 + B e 6         8 0-0 and White is clearly
drawing chances.                     43 g 5 g6 4 4 Bxh6 B f S 45             better.
   The t e x t sets in motion a      g h 7 XxbS 46 x f 7 + @e6 47               (b) S ... Q d 7 6 Qxd7+
series of forced moves               g h 7 g d S + 4 8 @e3 Ea5 49            (This i s t h e simplest, al-
which leads to a position            @d3 g a 3 + SO @c4 @fS 51               though 6 Q c 4 deserves a t t -
where White has a n e x t r a        Q c S g c 3 + 52 @b4 g c i 53           ention) 6 ... Q b x d 7 (6 ...                 7     ...     QdS
pawn.                                Q d 7 Qg3 54 Q f 6 g b l + 5.5          u x d 7 7 c 4 c6 8 @e2+ Qe7 9              This move w a s prepared
        18  ...         Qxf 4        @c4 g h l 5 6 @d3 Qe5 57 Q g 4          &S e c 7 10 d 4 c d 11 Q x f 4 i s       by Botvinnik f o r t h e World
        19 Q x c 4 @d6!              Qg3 5 8 Q f 6 g a l 59 h 4 g a 3 +      good f o r White) 7 0-0                  Championship tournament
        2 0 gd1         @eS          6 0 @e2 x a 4 61 g f 7 Qh2 62           a x d 5 8 gel+ Qe7 9 c 4 Q b 6           of 1948, b u t he had t o wait
        21 Qxe6 f e                  @f3 g f 4 + 63 @g2 g x h 4 64           10 @e2 with advantage to                 until 1952 before having a
        22 Be4          @gS          Q h 7 + @g4 65 Q f 8 Qd6 66             White.                                   chance to test his novelty.
        23 g 3          Qd6          Q x g 6 g h 2 + 67 @fl @xgS 68                 6 dc            bc                  The alternative is 7 ...
        24 a x e 6      BfS          Q e 7 x d 2 69 Q f S Qf 4 7 0 Q g 7        This c a p t u r e i s quite          Qd6, a f t e r which White
        25 @g2          QcS          $4.                                     commonly played although                 should play 8 @e2+!. This
96 Modern Defence                                                                                                    Modern Defence 97
move typifies t h e modern         b e t t e r game f o r White in       Q x c 3 12 bc Qxc4 13 &xc4          Xf2! with advantage to
treatment of the King's            Glaskov - Poromsnyuk,                 a d 6 14 QeS! White is ass-         White.
Gambit, where White is not         Moscow 1972.                           ured of t h e better game) 11              0
                                                                                                                    1 Qe4        Qe7
afraid t o exchange queens                   8 0-0 (92)                  d 4 gS 12 QxdS cd 13 QxgS!!            Understandably,      Black
when t h e situation demands                                              (A beautiful refutation of        want t o keep his bishop,
SO.                                                                      Black's plan) 13 ... QxgS (13      but this retreat means that
   The endgame (I have t o                                               ... d c 14 a x e 6 f e IS @hS+     he will only be able t o de-
admit to being one of those                                              @f8 16 Qxf4 gives White a          fend f 4 with drastic meas-
people who regard virtually                                              winning attack) 14 QxdS            ures. 10 ... Qc7 is also un-
everything after a queen                                                 0-0 (If 14 ... g c 8 , then 1s     attractive: 11QegS 0-0 (The
exchange a s an endgame)                                                a x e 6 f e 16 @hS+ @f8 17          complications arising from
after 8 ... @e7 9 @xe7+ a x e 7                                         Qxf 4) IS Qxa8 @xa8 16 Qxf 4        11 ... Q e 3 favour White) 12
is better f o r White a s                                                with a clear advantage f o r       a x e 6 f e 13 @e2 (13 d4!?) 13
several examples              from                                       White in Votova - Rantanen,        ... @f6 14 g e l Be8 IS QeS
practice have illustrated:                                               Warsaw 1989.                       with a good game for White
   (a) 10 0-0 Qe6 11 gel!               It i s possible that 8 Q c 3            8  ...         Qd6          in Kuznetsov - Zhuravlev,
(Stronger than t h e 11 Qxe6 is t h e m o s t accurate move,                Against 8 ... Qe6, White        Kalinin 1970.
played in Illescas - Smyslov, a s Black is then prevented                should play 9 Qb3 with the                 1
                                                                                                                   1 Qb3
Spain - USSR 1987) 11 ... from developing his bishop                     idea of c 4 and d4.                   This rules o u t any tac-
Q b d 7 12 d 4 g h e 8 13 a x e 6 f e to d6, thereby rendering                  9 Qc3                       tical tricks based on ... Qe3.
14 Q b d 2 h6 1s Q c 4 and the f-pawn even weaker                           In t h e s t e m game of the           11  ...       0-0
Black i s positionally bus-           than usual. Black has a           variation, Bronstein - Bot-            In the radio game Tal -
ted, Bhend - Barcza, Zurich n u m b e r of replies:                      vinnik, USSR Ch 1952, White        Winter, 1960, Black omitted
1959.                                   (a) 8 ...Q x c 3 9 dc! Qd6 (9   played t h e inferior 9 d4.         castling, but was soon in
   (b) 10 Q c 3 g e 8 11 0-0 a f 8 ... @xdl+ 1 a x d l Qd6 11
                                                   0                    After 9 ... 0-0 10 Q c 3 Q x c 3    trouble: 11 ... Q d 7 12 d 4
12 d 4 h6 13 QeS! QxeS 14 de Bel+ is good f o r White) 10               11 b c Qg4 (11 ... Qd7!?) 12        Q7f6? 13 QegS Qg4 14 @d3
4&4 IS Qxf4 Qe6 16 Qxe6 @d4! 0-0 11 Qxf4 &e7+ 12                        @d3 Q d 7 White could have          Q d 7 IS QxdS cd 16 Qxf4 h6
g x e 6 17 gad1 gS 18 h3 a x e 5 a d 2 Qd8 13 Qd3 cS 14 Qxd6            obtained equal chances              17 Qxf7!
19 QxeS a x e s 20 gd6! with g x d 6 15 g a e l Qe6 16 @e4              with 13 Qd2, b u t instead                 12 d 4       Qd7
advantage to White, Tripol- 1-0 Krustan - Endre, Corr.                  played t h e reckless 13 g3                 3
                                                                                                                   1 @e2 (93)
sky - Tsayek, 1987.                   1970.                             and was duly punished: 13
   After 8 @e2+, Furman                 (b) 8 ... Qe7 9 d 4 is good     ... Q b 6 14 Qb3 cS IS c 4 @f6
has recommended 8 ... @f8, f o r White, e.g. 9 ... Q x c 3 10           16 QeS a x e s 17 d e @xeS 18
but here t o o White can gain bc ad6 1 @e2+.    1                       a x f 4 @hS 19 g f e l g f e 8 20
the advantage: 9 d 4 Qg4 10             (c) 8 ... Qe6 9 @e2 (This       a4 Qe2 21 @c3 Qd7! 22 aS
0-0 Q b d 7 11 Qb3! (White prevents ...Qd6 again, but 9                 a f 6 23 Qa4 g e 6 24 @g2?
vacates t h e c4-square f o r Qb3 i s a n interesting alter-            &4 25 @b3 gS 0-1.
his queen's knight) 11 ... native) 9 ... Qe7 10 0-0 Q d 7                       9  ...         Qe6
@c7 12 Q a 3 Qe8 13 @d3 gS (Black leaves his king in                        If Black plays 9 ... 0-0,
14 Qc4! Qxf3 1s @xf3 Xg8 the c e n t r e a s he intends t o             White can safely take on
16 Q x d 6 @xd6 17 c3 Q d S 18 s u p p o r t t h e f-pawn with          dS: 10 QxdS cd 11QxdS QcS+
Qd2 Q7f6 19 g a e l with the gS. A f t e r 10 ... 0-0 11 d 4              2
                                                                        1 d 4 @xdS 13 d c @xcS+ 14            White is now threatening
98 Modern Defence                                                                                                         Modern Defence 99
t o win a pawn by 14 c4.               allow him t o feed more                                                  pany with his d-pawn. But
        13  ...         gs?            pieces into t h e attack than                                            a f t e r 11 Q c 4 @xd4 12 Q x d 6
    S o Black defends f 4 , b u t      Black can into the defence.                                              @xd6 13 0-0 gS 14 Qd2 @cS+
i t is indeed a rare event                       ...
                                                17          Qxgs                                                15 @hi Q g 4 there was a dis-
when you can g e t away with                     8
                                                1 Q x f 4 Qf6                                                   tinct lack of compensation.
moves like this. There is, in              Exchanging          bishops                                          However, all of White's
fact, a reasonable defence             would leave t h e black king                                             difficulties can be traced
here, 13 ... ge8! a s a f t e r 14     completely naked.                                                        back t o t h e unnecessary 9
c 4 Black has t h e surprising                  19 gadl!                                                       Qxc6. After t h e simple 9
move 14 ... Qf8!. Kuznetsov                The d-pawn is given pro-                                             0-0 White's position looks
- Holmov, Smolensk 1981,               tection and the rook is                                                  preferable t o me.
cdntinued: 15 c d QxdS 16              ready t o swing.                                                                   9 Qg5
Q f d 2 fS 17 g x f 4 f e 18 a x e 4            19...        Qf5                                                    This looks risky, b u t in
Q f 6 and Black has s o m e                     20 QeS!                     This i s t h e b e s t way f o r    reality White hasn't much
compensation f o r t h e pawn,             White is happy t o ex-         Black t o recapture, deve-           choice. If he didn't feel like
although White's chances               change all t h e minor pieces      loping a piece and n o t             playing this move, he
remain preferable.                     around t h e black king a s        messing up his queenside.            shouldn't have played 8
        14 c 4          QSb6           t h i s will leave t h e way       In fact, even t h e time             @e2+ in t h e f i r s t place.
        15 h4!                         clear f o r his major pieces      gained by 6 ... b c is illusory            The a1ternative a t t e m p t
    White begins to open up            t o come and finish t h e job.    as t h e bishop is n o t well         t o g r a b material, 9 QeS, is
t h e kingside.                                 20...        Qxe4        placed o n bS.                        dubious a s can b e seen from
        15  ...         h6                      21 @xe4 a x e 5                 7 d4            lid6           t h e course of t h e game
    15 ... g 4 16QfgS.                          22 d e       @I55           7 ... @as+ has a l s o been        H a r t s t o n - Spassky, Hast-
        16 hg           hg (94)                 23 BfS       @g7         seen. After 8 Q c 3 Q b 4 9 0-0       ings 1965/66, which contin-
                                                24 @f4                   Qxc3 10 @e2+ Qe6 11 b c               ued: 9 ... 0-O! 10 Qxc6 bc 11
                                            It's all over now.           White s t o o d clearly b e t t e r   Q x f 4 Q d S 12 Qg3 f6 13 Q f 3
                                                24...        n f e8      in Pachmann - Vymetal,                Qxg3+ 14 hg Re8 with a very
                                                25 g g S     QxeS        Prague 1953.                          good game f o r Black.
                                                26 Bxg7+ @xg7                   8 @e2+                                   9 ...          0-O!
                                                27 g d 6     Qg6            8 0-0 is game 31.                            10 a x e 6 f e
                                                28 @f6+ @g8                     8    ...        Qe6                 In t h e game Petrovic -
                                                29 Qc2       Qxc4           8 ... @e7 walks s t r a i g h t    Petran, Novi Sad 1981, Black
                                                30 Ed7       1-0         into a bad ending: 9 @xe7+            played 10 ... @b6 and a f t e r
                                                                         @xe7 10 0-0 &4 11 Qxc6 bc             11 Q x f 8 ? Q x d 4 12Q d 7 Q x d 7
                                                 Game 30                 12 QeS.                               13 Qxd7 a x e 2 14 @xe2 E d 8
         17 QfxgS!                                      -
                                             Frances Cornell                8 ... @f8 was tried in             had a clear advantage. In-
    For t h e piece, White re-                New Jersey 1986            Iilescas - Murey, Holon               s t e a d of 11 Q x f 8 , White
ceives t w o pawns and per-                                              1986, and Black soon ach-             should play 11 Qxc6 a s a f t e r
manently damages Black's                                                 deved a good position a f t e r       11 ... bc 12 0-0 (even 1 2 Q x f 8
king position. Although                                                  9 Qxc6? b c 10 Q e S @b6! and         can be considered) 12 ...
t h e r e is n o immediate win,                                          Rhe t h r e a t of ... Qa6 per-       g f e 8 13 @d3 Be6 14 a d z ! he
his greater mobility will                                                Buaded White t o p a r t com-         has t h e b e t t e r chances
100 Modern Defence                                                                                                       Modern Defence 101
(Glaskov).                           16 @hl a d 5 17 B e 4 Glaskov                                              best) 19 ... @xd4+ 20 @hl
      1
     1 Qxc6          bc (96)         considers the position to                                                   (20 @e3 gxf4!) 20 ... a d 2 21
                                     be in White's favour. How-                                                  c3 @d8 and Black wins the
                                     ever, after 17 ... QcS Black's                                             exchange.
                                     activity should compensate                                                         18  ...       @xd4+
                                     f o r his positional weak-                                                         19 @hi        ge2
                                     nesses.                                                                            20 @fS        gfe8
                                            13   ...     @h8                                                        This gives White the
                                            14 a d 2                                                            respite he needed. Either 20
                                         White hurries his knight                                               ... Q d 7 o r 20 ... @h4 would
                                     t o the kingside.                                                          have kept up t h e pressure.
                                            14   ...     E-l8                devastating effect. Pre-                   21 QgS        @xb2
                                            15 Bh3                           viously, t h e position had                22 Bacl       @b8
          12 0-0                         15 @c4 led t o swift def-           been considered as unclear:                23 Q f 4      @b7
    I t i s f a r too dangerous to   e a t in Hahn - Class, Bun-                (a) 16 ... Q e 4 17 d 5 QeS 18          24 @xcS
take t h e pawn a s a f t e r 12     desliga 1984: 1S ... f3! 16            a x e 5 @xeS 19 @d3 and                 White i s clearly over the
@xe6+ @h8 13 0-0 f3! Black           Q x f 3 Q g 4 17 h3 Qh2+ 18             White should be able t o worst. The remaining moves
has a very s t r o n g attack.       @hl n x f 3 19 gf @g3 (or 19 ...        defend.                            were: 24 ... Q d S 25 B d 4 @f7
    With t h e text, White att-      &I) 20 f g @xh3 21 @e2                     ( b ) 16 ... Re2 17 @f3 g f e 8 26 Qd2 Q e 3 27 a x e 3 g 8 x e 3
acks t w o pawns.                    Qd6+ 0-1.                               18 Qd2 cd 19 b3 with a n un-       28 @d8+ g e 8 29 @gS h6 30
           ...
          12             @c7                1s ...          cs              clear position in Hay - @g3 @xa2 31 c 4 g8eS 32 Egl
    Of course, Black defends             Naturally, Black wants              Hamil ton, Australia 1971.         g g S 33 B b 8 + @h7 34 gxgS
his f4-pawn (rather than             t o open up t h e position a s                  17 Q x d 6                 hg 35 @g3 @d2 36 g g l @e3
t h e e6-one) and threatens          soon as possible. 15 ... g e 2            17 gf Re2 is very un-            37 g f l a5 38 h4 g 4 39 @xg4
t o push ... f3; 12 ... a d 5 is     looks a little premature a s           pleasant, a s is 17 Bxf3 Eel+ &eS 40 f 4 @e4+ 41 @f3
well m e t by 13 c4!                 a f t e r 16 c 4 g f e 8 17 c5 Q f 8   18 g f l &xh2+.                     @xf3+ 42 g x f 3 Bc2 42 Ea3
           3
          1 @xe6+?!                  18 Q f 3 Black's bishop is no                   17...         @xd6         $42.
    White finally succumbs           longer able t o participate               Black has no time to play
to t h e temptation. The al-         in t h e attack. White will be         17 ... f g because of 18 gxf6.                   Game 31
ternative is 13 Q d 2 , with         able t o diffuse t h e attack                    8
                                                                                     1 gf                                         -
                                                                                                                         Kinlay Nunn
t h e idea of blockading t h e       with moves such a s g f 2 o r             18 @xf3 occurred in Car-                New Malden 1977
weak pawns instead of                a d 2 and gael.                        roll - Cornell, Corr. 1986
capturing them. Unfortu-                       16 Q c 4 (97)                and t h e t w o players agreed             1 e4           eS
nately, Black doesn't have                With t h e imminent op-           to a draw. This was rather                 2 f4           ef
t o fall in line with White's        ening of t h e @-a7 diagonal,          a strange decision a s a f t e r           3 Qf3          dS
noble intentions and can             White sees his first task a s          18 ... Qe4! Black has a win-               4 ed           Q f6
play 13 ... eS!. After 14 d e        removing t h e dangerous               ning attack, e.g.                          S QbS+ c6
QxeS IS Q c 4 (15 Q f 3 Qd6 16       bishop.                                   (a) 19 @dl g x f l + 20 @xfl            6 dc          Qxc6
Qd2 g a e 8 17 B c 4 + @h8 18                  16...          f3!           $xh2 o r 20 @xfl@xd4+.                     7 d4          Qd6
Rae1 was about equal in                   Black's rook on f 8 is               (b) 19 d c @xcS+ 20 @e3                 8 0-0          0-0 (98)
Gross - Plachetka, Stary             brought into t h e game with           Rxfl+ 21 @xfl @xc2.                        9 Qbd2
Smokovec 1973) 15 ... Qd4+           what could prove t o be                   (c) 19 Q f 4 (relatively            The white knight heads
102 Modern Defence                                                                                                          Modern Defence 103
                                             Black has a number of            siek, Corr. 1985/86.                 White's material advantage
                                         alternatives:                            (b) 9 ... Q e 7 . This leaves    is n o t t o b e underestimated,
                                             (a) 9 ... @b6? 10 Q c 4          t h e bishop stranded o n bS,        e.g. 14 Q x c 6 B e 8 15 Q6eS f6
                                         @xbS (I would like t o con-          b u t i t is r a t h e r slow and    16 Q d 3 (16 B f 3 E d 8 17 a d 3
                                         gratulate a certain Mr But-          gives White time t o man-           Qe4) 16 ... B g 6 17 Q c 5 g 4 18
                                         ler who found t h e courage          oeuvre his knight t o es: 10        Qd2 and i t will not prove
                                         t o play 10 ... B c 7 here) 11      Q c 4 Qc7 11a c e 5 Q e d S 12 c 4    easy f o r Black to break
                                         Q x d 6 @b6 12 Qxf 4 B x b 2 (12     (Bangiev considers 12 Qc4,           through.
                                         ... Q g 4 w a s probably better,    with t h e idea of Qb3 and                    10 Q c 4      Qc7
                                         although a f t e r 13 Q c 4 B b 4   c4, a s stronger) 12 ... a6 13            In t h e game Renet - van
                                         14 @d3! Qxf3 IS g x f 3 bS! 16      Q a 4 bS 14 c b Q g 4 (Bangiev       d e r Sterren, Budel 1987,
f o r c4, f r o m where i t will         a d 6 @xd4+ 17 B x d 4 Q x d 4      - Bezman, Simferopol 1985)           Black played 10 ... Qxf3 11
help t o e x e r t pressure o n          18 a f 2 White has a clearly        and now 15 Q x g 4 Q x g 4 16        a x f 3 QcS with t h e idea of
t h e black f-pawn by either             b e t t e r ending according t o    ba Exa6 17 Qb3 with t h e            12 c3 Qxd4!. But a f t e r 12
capturing t h e bishop o n d6            Bangiev) 13 dS Bb6+ 14 @hl          b e t t e r game f o r White         Qxc6! @xd4+ 13 B x d 4
o r hopping i n t o eS at an             Q e 7 15 c 4 Q g 6 16 Qg3 g d 8     (Bangiev).                           Qxd4+ 14 @hl bc 15 Q x f 4
aopropriate        moment.          9    17 @d4! QhS?! (99)                      (c)9 ... a d 5 can b e m e t     White's b e t t e r pawn struc-
&3, k i t h t h e s a m e idea, is                                           by 10 Q e 4 Qc7 11 c4.               t u r e gave him a slight b u t
a l s o playable.                                                                (d) 9 ... Qc7. This pro-         persistent edge.
    9 Q c 3 i s bad because of 9                                             phylactic r e t r e a t      keeps           1
                                                                                                                         1 c3
... @b6! and White i s al-                                                   Black's options open: 10 c 3             It's quite possible t h a t
ready feeling s t r o n g press-                                             (10 Qc4 Q g 4 transposes t o          White should remove the
ure against d 4 ( a s c 3 is n o                                             Kinlay - Nunn) 10 ... QfS 11          knight on c6 before i t runs
longer possible). Wester-                                                    Qc4 Q d S 12 Qxc6 bc 13Q f e S        away. After 11 Qxc6 bc 12
inen - Boey, Skopje 1972                                                     gs (100).                            @d3 Q x f 3 (otherwise the
continued: 10 @hi Q g 4 11                                                                                        knight will come t o eS) 13
Qxc6 Bxc6! 12 @d3 n a d 8 13                                                                                      Bxf3 a h 5 (13 ... a d 5 was
Qd2 g6 with advantage t o                                                                                         played in Arnason - Kris-
Black.                                                                                                            tiansson, Reykjavik 1984,
     I t is surprising t h a t 9 c 4     20 d 6 (White shows ad-                                                  b u t this i s l e s s good a s i t
has never been played.                   mirable restraint in keeping                                             interferes with Black's play
There is, however, a s h o r t           his discovered check in re-                                              on t h e d-file. White should
analysis by Muchnik which                serve) 20 ... Qxg3+ 21 hg                                                have replied 14 Qd2) 14 Qd2
runs 9 c 4 Q g 4 10 Q c 3 n c 8 11       Q f 8 22 QgS++ @g8 23 Ef7!                                               &dS IS &l, t h e position is
Q e 2 a6 (11 ... fle8 1 2 Q x f 4 ; 11   Q e 6 24 a x e 6 @xf7 25                                                 difficult t o assess and re-
 ... Q h S 12 cS fib8 13 dS) 12          &xg7+! (And t o cap i t all,                                             quires practical testing.
Qa4!. Unfortunately, a s I               we have a classic chase) 25           This position has been             White has t o aim f o r ex-
don't read Russian, I can't              ... @xe6 26 Eel+ @dS 27             considered t o be clearly in         changes in order t o make
 understand his assessment,              g d l + @xcS 28 @d4+ @c6 29         Black's favour, b u t this           pawn s t r u c t u r e s t h e do-
b u t anyway i t looks w o r t h         n c l + @d7 30 n c 7 + @e6 31       seems a l i t t l e excessive t o    minant factor in t h e posi-
 a try!                                  g e 7 + @fS 32 g4+ @gS 33           me. Whilst Black d o e s have        tion. Thus IS ... g a d 8 is met
          9  ...       Lk4               &7+ 1-0 Bangiev - Mglo-             good attacking chances,              by 16Qb4!
104 Modern D e f e n c e
       11   ...        Qe71                    17  ...         Qe3!
        I2 p a 4                           Black has timed t h e a t t -
    There is very little else          ack t o perfection.
t o d o against t h e t h r e a t of           1 Qxe3 f e
                                                8
... a 6 a n d ... bS.                          19 hg?
        12  ...       bs!?                 This l o s e s by force. Bet-
    Black sacrifices a pawn            t e r was 19 a c e 5 a f t e r which
with t h e worthy idea of              Black could speculate with
transporting his queen t o             moves like 19 ... Qxh3. How-
t h e kingside a s quickly a s         ever, 19 ... QxeS! assures                        Game 32                  enna Game (1 e 4 eS 2 Q c 3
possible.                              him of s o m e advantage, e.g.                         -
                                                                                    Glaskov Soloviev              Q c 6 3 f 4 ef 4 Qf3). The
        1 QxbS @dS
          3                                (a) 20 hg? Q x g 4 21 de                    Moscow 1971                King's Gambit move order
        14 Qa3        HhS              ne6! and t h e r e is nothing to                                           o f f e r s White an additional
       15 Qd3                          be done a b o u t ... n h 6 and ...                                        possibility, namely 4 d4. In
     This is o n e of t h e posi-      @hi mate.                                                                  fact, this move has been
tions where we can s e e t h e              (b) 20 d e Qxf3 21 B x f 3                                            frowned upon by theor-
s t r e n g t h of t h e pawn on f4,   &xeS and Black's advanced                                                  eticians, b u t I decided t o
which           severely     cramps    pawn gives him a good                                                      look a t i t in s o m e detail, a s
White and gives Black a big            game.                                                                      I found i t hard t o believe
space advantage on t h e                       19  ...         Qxg4                                               t h a t such a natural move
kingside.                                      20 Q c e S                                                         leads t o a good game f o r
     With t h e t e x t , White            20 Eel is no defence                                                   Black. My conclusion is
tries t o g e t his queenside          either a s 20 ... Qg3! wins.                                              t h a t i t leads t o rough
pieces back into play, b u t i t               20  ...          Exes!                                            equality ( o r unclarity) and 1
t u r n s o u t t h a t he has n o             21 d e           e2!                                              present my analysis in
time f o r this. 15 h3 would                Black's l a s t t w o moves                                          order t o open t h e debate o n
have been a more critical              have cleared t h e a7-gl dia-                                             4 d4:
t e s t of Black's sacrifice.          gonal which, in combina-                  This variation has never             4 ... dS ( 4 ... gS S dS) S ed
       15    ...       Qed5            tion with t h e open h-file,            really caught on, probably        (S Q c 3 i s bad because of S
       16 Q c 4        gae8            give a decisive attack.                 because i t d o e s nothing t o   ... d e 6 Q x e 4 &e7! 7 @e2
       17 h 3 (101)                            22 Qxe2 Qb6+                    address Black's immediate         QfS 8 Q c 3 e x e 2 + 9 Qxe2
                                               23 &d4                          problems. In fact, i t is         0-0-0; and S eS can be m e t
                                            Black's next move dest-            rather similar t o t h e idea     by S ... gS 6 h4 g 4 7 Q g l Qh6
                                        roys any lingering hopes               behind t h e Fischer Defence      and t h e early closing of t h e
                                        White might have had.
                                                23  ...         @h6!
                                                                              -   a waiting move. Black          centre is n o t in White's
                                                                               wants t o s e e White's n e x t   favour) S ... &xdS 6 Q x f 4 (6
                                                24 nae1         Xd8!          'move before he makes his          Q c 3 Q b 4 7 Qxf 4 Q g 4 trans-
                                                25 Q c 4                       mind up.                          poses, b u t maybe Black can
                                            O r 25 B x b 6 Bxb6+ and                4    Qc3                     try 7 ... &as) 6 ... Qg4 7 Q c 3
                                        t h e white king is t o o weak.           I should just mention          (This is b e t t e r than taking
                                                25  ...         nxd4!         t h a t t h e position is more     on c7. Glaskov gives 7 Qxc7
                                                     0-1                      o f t e n reached via t h e Vi-    Qxf3 8 &xf3 @xf3 9 gf
Q x d 4 a s good f o r Black.         a s t r o u s (11 QeS) and 10 ...           Q x c 6 + b c 1.5 bc! (1.5 Qxc7+?            White) 16 Qxf6 gf 17 g x f 6
This i s n o t t r u e a s 10 Qc3!    Qxf3 11 Qxf3 QcS+ 12 @hl                    is m e t by 15 ... @c8!) 15 ...             with approximate equality.
gives White a dangerous               Q d 4 13 Qe3 o r 13 Q g 4 fS 14             Q x f l 16 E x f l and a draw is                (e) 12 ... @b6+ 13 @hl
attack. Unfortunately, how-           Qe3 a r e clearly b e t t e r f o r         t h e likely outcome.                       Qxe2 (13 ... Qe6!? 14 Qd3!
ever, Black can play instead          White) 11 dc @xc6 (103) ( I t                    (c3) 13Qxc6! and now:                  Qf6 1s a 4 gives White a
7 ... gc8! a n d then 8 ... Q x f 3   would b e wrong f o r Black                      ( ~ 3 1 )13 ... Qxdl. White            dangerous initiative. Black's
which d o e s o f f e r him good      t o exchange queens, e.g. 11                now has a m o s t elegant                   queen is rather awkwardly
chances of a n advantage) 7           ... e x d l 12 Exdl Qf6 (Black              way t o achieve an advan-                   placed; 13 ... Bxdl? is the
... Q b 4 ( b e t t e r than 7 ...    has l i t t l e choice a s a f t e r 12     tage: 14 Q x a 7 + (14 Q x d 8              same a s in 'd') 14 a x e 2
@e6+ 8 @e2! and White re-             ... Zqxdl 13 n x d l , 14 Ed7 is in        Qd4+ 1S @hl QhS! is good                    QxeS IS @g4+ @e6 16 @xe6+
tains an edge, e.g. 8 ... Q x f 3     t h e air) 13 cb+ @xb7 14 E x d 8           f o r Black) 14 ... @b8 1s QbS!             f e 17 QxeS Q f 6 18 nxf6! gf
9 @xe6+ f e 10 gf 0-0-0 (10 ...       Qxd8 1SQc4 with a clear ad-                 (The black pieces remain en                 19 Qxf6 g h f 8 20 Q x d 8 g x d 8
Q x d 4 11 0-0-01 11 0-0-0            vantage to White).                         prise and White will collect                 (20 ... @xd8 21 @gl is a
Zqxd4 (11 ... Q x d 4 12 Q h 3 is                                                in t h e m o s t favourable                  little b e t t e r f o r White) 21
s t r o n g ) 12 E x d 4 Q x d 4 13                                              fashion) 15 ... Qe2 (15 ...                 g f l . A difficult rook ending
Qh3 a n d White will win                                                         Qd4+ 16 Q x d 4 g x d 4 17 QeS!             has arisen in which White's
back his pawn with a good                                                        wins) 16 Qxc7+ @c8! 17Qxc3                  chances shouldn't be infer-
game; o r 8 ... @xe2+ 9 Qxe2                                                     (17 b c QxbS) 17 ... Qxf1 18                ior. A straight race seems
Q x f 3 10 Q x f 3 Q x d 4 11 Qxb7                                               Q x d 8 Qxg2 19 @xg2 (19                    inadvisable f o r Black, e.g. 21
n b 8 12 0-0-0 with advant-                                                      Qb6!?) 19 ... @xd8 2 0 Edl+                 ... Bd2 22 h4 (22 g 4 is also
age) 8 Qe2 (8 a 3 a l s o de-                                                   @c8 21 Q d S and White is                    good) 22 ... Exc2 23 g f 7
serves attention. Although                                                       very active.                                g x b 2 24 g x h 7 cS 25 hS c4
slightly time consuming, i t                                                          ( ~ 3 2 13 ... g x d l 14 Q x a 7 +
                                                                                               )                             26 h6 c 3 27 g h 8 + a d 7 28 h7
does force Black t o ex-                                                        @b8 1S Zqfxdl Qxdl (If IS ...                and wins: if 28 ... c2 then
change o n c3, thereby con-              12 QeS. Suddenly, t h e                63xa7 then 16 E d 8 i s s t r o n g )        29 Ed8+ @c7 30 &8+; o r 28
siderably bolstering t h e            board is ablaze. If Black                  16 QbS!? (16 Exdl @xa7 17                   ... g b l + 29 e h 2 c2 30 n d 8 +
defences of d 4 ) 8 ... 0-0-0         now manages t o avoid a                    bc Q f 6 18 Qxc7 leads t o a               @xd8 31 h8#+ @c7 32 @h7+
9 0-0 @d7 (Other squares              few nasty traps he can                     s l g h t edge) 16 ... Qxc2 17 bc          and @xc2.
a r e n o t s o good, e.g. 9 ...      reach a roughly level game:
                                          (a) 12 ... QxeS?? 13 &xg4+.
                                                                                and White will r e s t o r e mat-                     4 ...            gs
@a5 10 Q g S Qxe2 11a x e 2 o r                                                 erial equality whilst re-                        Now t h a t ... dS has been
9 ...@hS 10 h3 in b o t h cases           (b) 12 ... Zqxdl?? 13 Qxg4+           taining a sizeable initiative.              ruled o u t , Black's m o s t
with advantage t o White)             @b8 14 Qxc6+.                                  (d) 12 ...@cS+ (Along with             obvious plan is t o hang on
10 dS!? (10 Q e S a x e 2 11              (c) 12 ... Qxe2. This gives           variation 'e', Black's b e s t              t o his f-pawn.
@xe2!? is a pawn sacrifice            rise t o s o m e fascinating              choice) 13 @hi Qxe2 (13 ...                      4 ... Q f 6 has a l s o been
Black shouldn't accept. In-           complications. White now                  g x d l l o s e s t o 14 Qxg4+ @b8          played, b u t by replying S
stead, a f t e r 11 ... a x e s 12    has:                                        S
                                                                                I g a x d l Q f 6 16 bc; and 13             Qc4 t h e game has trans-
QxeS f6 13 &g3 Qxc3 (13 ...               (cl) 13 @xe2 QxeS 14 QxeS             ... Qe6 is m e t by 14 Q d 3 ) 14           posed into a variation of
@xd4+ 14 Qf2! i s s t i l l very      (14 @g4+ @d7) 14 ... f6. I t              Uxe2 QxeS (14 ... Qxb2 15                   t h e Bishop's Gambit known
 dangerous f o r Black) 14 b c        s e e m s unlikely t h a t White's        $d3! and t h e r e is n o time              t o b e favourable f o r White.
Q e 7 , t h e position is roughly     slight initiative will fully              f o r IS ... Exd3: 16 c d Qxal 17           e.g. S ... Q b 4 6 QdS! 0-0 7
 level) 10 ... a x c 3 (Moving        compensate for the pawn.                  @e8 mate!) IS QxeS Q f 6 (IS                0-0 a x e 4 ( o r 7 ... Q x d S 8
 t h e knight is obviously dis-           (c2) 13 @xd8+ @xd8 14                 ... f6 16 @g4+ is good f o r                ed Q e 7 9 Q g S h6 10 Q e 4
Q g 6 11 c 3 QaS 12 d 4 with                                       f o r White than t h e normal       Qxh4 16 d c a x d l 17 Baxdl
advantage t o White) 8 d4.                                         version ( t h e inclusion of         E d 8 18 g x d 8 Qxd8 19 cb
White will soon win one of                                         Qc3 means t h a t White is          Qxb7 20 Q x g 4 with a clear
his pawns back and Black's                                         one s t e p nearer t o evacua-       advantage t o White in Trig-
development looks parti-                                           ting his king t o the queen-         uda - Tarasov, Corr. 1982/83.
cularly ineffective. Here                                          side, whilst t h e knight o n               9 Qxf4!
a r e a couple of examples                                         c6 can sometimes b e att-               White doesn't waste any
from practice:                                                     acked by dS o r edS). Of             time before opening the
    (a) 8 ... Qe7 9 Qxf4 d 6 10                                    course, Black does have             f-file.
@d3 Q f 6 I1 Q g S g6 12 Qxe7+                                     defensive resources, in-
                                                                   cluding suddenly switching
                                                                                                               9  ...       Qb4
a x e 7 13 Qxf7! g x f 7 14                                                                                There a r e a number of
Qxf7+ @xf7 IS QgS Q e g 8 16 a d s + @f7 11Q c 4 (Chigorin).       to a n attack against the           other defensive tries:
gxf6+ Q x f 6 17 g f l with a       (b) 6 ... dS 7 d 4 h6 8 ed     white king if circumstances             (a) 9 ... @g7 10 QxdS Qd6
winning position f o r White with a good game f o r                permit.                             11 eS @e8 12 @d2 with ad-
in Spielmann - Griinfeld, White.                                          8    ...      dS (105)       vantage t o White.
Innsbruck 1922.                         7 Q x f 7 @xf7                                                     (b) 9 ... Qg7 10 Qe3 Qf6 11
     (b) 8 ... Q f 6 9 QgS!? (9         8 d4!                                                          g3 d e 12 Qc4+ @g7 13 0-0
Q x b 4 and 10 Q x f 4 also        This is t h e strongest,                                            Qxd4 14 Bf7+ @g6 IS hS+
looks good) 9 ... h6 (Ag- opening more lines and                                                       @xhS 16 gg7! with a mating
ainst 9 ... QxdS, Bogoljubov holding t h e check a t c 4 in                                            attack. This occurred in a
recommended 10 Q x f 7 with reserve. The f i r s t time I                                              blindfold simultaneous ex-
a crushing attack) 10 Qxf7! came across Allgaier-type                                                  hibition of Pillsbury's in
Bxf7 11 Q x f 6 + gf 12 @hS positions, I could n o t take                                              1900.
with a winning attack them seriously. White gives                                                         (c) 9 ... Q f 6 10 Qd3 (10
Khlusevich - Verkhovtsev, up a piece f o r a pawn and                                                  QeZ!? o r 10 a x d s QxdS 11
USSR 1973.                      then calmly continues a s if                                           Qc4 deserve attention) 10
        S h4                    nothing had happened. But             For 8 ... f 3 s e e game 33.     ... d e (or 10 ... Q b 4 11 0-0
     With this move White after a little (in fact a l o t             8 ... d 6 has also been          Qxc3 12 bc @g7 13 e d @xdS
signals his intention of of) study, I began t o un-                played, b u t i t does little t o   14 @d2 Qd7 IS gabl! g a e 8 16
playing an Allgaier (or a derstand t h a t Black's de-             hinder        White's    smooth     RbS @xa2 17 Qxh6+! with a
 Hamppe-Allgaier a s i t is fensive task is by no means            development, e.g. 9 Q x f 4         winning attack) 11 Qc4+
known with t h e queen's easy.                                     Q f 6 ( o r 9 ... Qg7 10 Qe3 Qf6    @e8 12 dS Q a S (12 ... Q e 7 13
knights already out). S d 4         Black's main problem is        11 g 3 a g e 7 12 Qc4+ @g7 13       QbS) 13 Qe2 Qd6 14 @d2 hS
can b e seen in game 34.        t h a t his king will never find   @d2 Qd7 14 0-0-0 with ex-           1S 0-0 and White has a
        s  ...         g4       a s a f e haven and if White       cellent attacking chances)          strong attack. In Romash-
        6 Q g S (104)           manages t o complete his           10 Qc4+ @g7 11 a3!? (White          kevich - Shabelsky, Corr.
        6  ...         h6       development, picking up a          waits t o s e e where the           1895, Black l o s t his extra
     Black naturally forces pawn o r t w o along t h e way,        black pieces are deployed           piece a f t e r IS ... @e7 16
 t h e sacrifice o n f7. Other he will have very good              before deciding o n t h e con-      Qxd6 cd 17 @d4!
 continuations are dubious:     compensation.                      tinuation of t h e attack) 11              10 Qe2        Qxc3+
     (a) 6 ... f6 7 @xg4 f g 8      The Hamppe-Allgaier is         ... Qe7 12 0-0 Qxe4?! 13                   1 bc
                                                                                                               1            Q f6
@hS+ @e7 9 @xgS+ Q f 6 10       probably more favourable           a x e 4 dS 14 Q f 2 d c 1S dS              12 0-0        @g7
                                        t h e t h r e a t of Eel-es.                           Game 33                           0
                                                                                                                                1 QxdS*
                                                 14 dS           Qe7                                -
                                                                                           Gallagher Hresc                  10 ed is inadvisable, off-
                                                 IS QeS          g f 8 (107)                 Geneva 1991               ering Black t h e pleasant
                                                                                                                       choice of 10 ... Q a S o r 1 ...
                                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                       fg!?
                                                                                                                                10...         @g7
                                                                                                                            By placing his king on g7,
                                                                                                                       Hresc o p t s f o r t h e m o s t
                                                                                                                       common way. The main
                                                                                                                       problem with 10 ... a e 8 is
                                                                                                                       that, with t h e king stuck in
                                                                                                                       t h e centre, White will have
    Now Black is unable t o                                                                                            long-term         compensation
maintain a foothold in t h e                                                                                           f o r t h e piece, even if his
c e n t r e and t h e opening of                                                                                      attack may b e initially less
t h e position will give added              Keres considered this                                                     strong. I t is quite probable
power t o t h e white bishops.          position t o b e favourable                                                   t h a t , theoretically speak-
       13    ...       de               f o r Black, b u t Glaskov's                                                  ing, White doesn't have
   13 ... Q x e 4 l o s e s in spec-    forceful play s h o w s t h a t                                               enough f o r t h e piece, b u t
tacular fashion: 14 cd Q c 3            t h e opposite is in f a c t true.                                            over t h e board ( o r even
(14 ... e x h 4 1S d c g 3 is t o o            16 @d4!       Qg6                                                      through t h e post) t h e po-
slow: 16 QeS+ @g6 17 QhS+                      17 Qxf6+ n x f 6                                                       sition is very hard t o de-
                           s
wins; 14 ... B x d S 1 c 4 fol-                18 hS         Q f8                                                     fend, e.g. 11 gf Qe7 (Chig-
lowed by 16 dS gives White                     19 Ef4!                             The main purpose of t h i s        orin considered t h a t a f t e r
a s t r o n g a t t a c k ) 15 dc!!         White calmly prepares t o          move i s t o ensure t h a t t h e      11 ...Q f 6 12 f 4 Q b 4 13 Qxc6+
Q x d l 16 QeS+ @g6 (16 ...             double o n t h e f-file. Black         f-file s t a y s closed f o r a s      b c 14 @d3 {with t h e threat
@g8 loses t o 17 Qc4+ @h7               is unable t o untangle his             long a s possible. The move            of eS) White has a s t r o n g
18 g f 7 + @g6 19 g g 7 + @fS (19       pieces in time.                        a l s o has disruptive quali-          attack) 12 Qe3 Qxh4+ 13 @d2
... @hS 20 Qf7+ @xh4 21                        19   ...      Qh7               ties which could especially            QgS 14 f 4 Qf6 1.5 Bgl! and
@h2) 20 g x d l g f 8 21 g f l +               20 Eaf1       Qd7               be seen a f t e r 9 gf Qe7.            Black has a difficult de-
@e4 22 g e l + @fS 23 dS and                   21 Qxg4 Qxg4                            9 ace+                         fence in f r o n t of him (don't
White wins) 17 Qd3+ @hS 18                     22 g x g 4 + @f7                    White can a l s o consider         forget he can't castle!).
cb! Qd7 19 ba=@ e x a 8 20                  On 22 ... QgS, Glaskov             various o t h e r moves, such                    1
                                                                                                                               1 gf          Qb4
g a x d l B f 8 21 g x f 8 e x f 8 22   intended 23 @eS! followed              as 9 Q e 3 o r 9 Qf4, b u t t h e           11 ... Qe7 looks like the
g f l e b 4 . S o f a r all this        by Ex@+.                               t e x t is t h e m o s t logical.      critical t e s t , e.g. 12 0-0
analysis w a s carried o u t by                23 w x e 4 Exfl+                Black is forced t o make t h e         Qxh4 13 f 4 (13 f g Q f 6 ) and
a character named Trum-                        24 @xfl       QgS               difficult decision between             t h e position is very hard t o
berg in 1893. Here he went                     25 @g6+ @e7                     ... @g7 o r ... @e8, b u t f i r s t   assess.
astray with 23 g 3 b u t Glas-                 26 &g7+ Q f 7                   ...                                        Against 11 ... Q f 6 , Tarr-
kov has pointed o u t t h e                     27 Ee4+ a d 6                        9        ..:  dS                 asch gave t h e following
way t o victory: 23 &3! and                     28 e g 3 + @cS                       ...
                                                                                     lines a r e opened f o r         variation: 12 Q f 4 Q e 7 .13 QeS
Black is powerless against                      29 @f2+       1-0              his undeveloped pieces.                Q g 6 14 f4! with a danger-
o u s attack.                          defended and I didn't wish              to provide t h e move with               way of meeting t h e t h r e a t
       l 2 Qe3 (109)                   to have my knight on c3                 i t s legality.                          of dS, e.g.
                                       still pinned a f t e r I castled.                 19 ...          QcS?              (a) S ... &7 6 dS Q e S 7
                                                 14...         gf                   Black         overlooks     the     d6! with t h e advantage.
                                          Black needs t h e g4-               t h r e a t , b u t his position w a s       (b) S ... d 6 6 d S (6 h 4 g 4 7
                                       square f o r his minor pieces.         p r e t t y hopeless anyway,              Q g S h6 8 Q x f 7 @xf7 9 Q x f 4
                                                 1s @xf3 a 4 7                e.g. 19 ... g a d 8 (19 ... Qxc3          with a Hampe-Allgaier pos-
                                          But this is t h e wrong             20 b c @xc3 21 Qh6+) 20                   ition favourable f o r White)
                                       one. 15 ... Q g 4 offered              a d s ! followed by Q d 4 will            6 ...Q e S 7 QbS+ Qd7 8 Qxd7+
                                       b e t t e r chances. Of c o u r s e    prove decisive.                           @xd7 (8 ... Q x d 7 i s clearly
                                       IS ... @xe4 loses t o ,Qgl+.                     20 Ed?+! Q x d 7                weaker, e.g. 9 @d4 f 6 10 h4
                                                 16 Egl        hS                   Obviously t h i s i s n o t t h e   g 4 11&S! Qc.5 12 Q e 6 a x e 6
                                                 17 eS!                       b e s t , b u t 20 ... Qe7 21 Qd4!        13 d e c6 14 Q x f 4 @b6 15 @d3
    I s p e n t a long time here          Now Black realises t h a t          or 2 0 ... @ f 8 21 QxcS+ @e8             0-0-0 16 0-0-0 hS 17 @g3
wondering a b o u t t h e b e s t      if he moves t h e knight t h e         22 Ee7+ ( t h e r e a r e a l s o         @c7 18 E d 3 @e7 19 g h d l
s q u a r e f o r t h e bishop. I      exchange sacrifice o n g 4             o t h e r ways e.g. 22 @f2!?) 22          @xe6 20 Qxd6 Qxd6 21 g x d 6
eventually s e t t l e d f o r t h e   will be murderous (pro-                ... @xe7 23 Qxe7 Q x f 3 24               with a clear advantage, Ar-
solid Qe3. My reasoning                bably White should castle              a x f 6 win f o r White.                  nason- Adams, Manila (01)
w a s along t h e following            first). There is little choice                   21 @f7          mate            1992) 9 h 4 Q x f 3 + 10 @xf3 gh
lines: I've g o t t w o pawns          b u t to give back t h e piece.                                                  11 Q x f 4 and White i s better.
f o r t h e piece, a big c e n t r e             17...         QxeS                        Game 3 4                             6 Qc4          gf
a n d my opponent's king is                      18 de        B x e S (110)           Motwad- Kula                         We a r e now in t h e so-
n o t too happy. All t h a t re-                                                       Berlin 1991                      called Pierce Gambit.
mains to b e d o n e is to de-                                                                                                  7 *o (112)
fend t h e d-pawn s o t h a t I
can r e t r e a t my        light-
squared bishop, c a s t l e long
and m a t e will follow short-
ly. I t is, of course, necess-
ary to think positively
when you play t h e King's
Gambit!
          12...         Q f6
          13 Q c 4      @e7                   19 0-0-0
    13 ... Ee8 could well b e             This was a m o s t enjoy-
better. My opponent didn't             able move to play f o r t w o                                                       I t has been known f o r a
like i t because i t weakened          reasons. Firstly, i t was                                                        long time t h a t 7 B x f 3 Q x d 4
his h6-pawn.                           pleasant t o have my king                                                        is good f o r Black, b u t may-
          14 @e2                       o u t of t h e centre; and sec-                                                  be White can try 7 Qxf4!?
    14 @d2 a l s o came i n t o        ondly, because I found i t                                                       here. One important point
consideration b u t I pre-             very artistic t o use my                     S      ...    g4                    being t h a t 7 ... f g 8 Qxf7+
ferred to keep my f-pawn               queen a s a shield in o r d e r           Black has n o o t h e r good           @xf7 9 @hS+ @g7 10 Xgl
wins f o r White. 7 ... Qg7 8 pical way of strengthening                                                           b e s t is 12 @xg4 with a very
0-0 t r a n s p o s e s to t h e n o t e t h e attack) 10 ... @xf7 11                                              s t r o n g attack) 12 riel+ (Le-
to Black's seventh move, @dS+ @e8 (11 ... @g7 is                                                                   peshkin has shown t h a t 12
whilst avoiding t h e 7 ... dS worse: 12 g x f 3 Q f 6 13 eS                                                       Q e 4 &7! i s good f o r Black,
variation.                               Qe7 14 g g 3 + @f8 IS Rxg8+                                               e.g. 13 Q d 6 + @f8 14 gf QhS
          7 ...               @gS3!      1-0 i s Keres - Wilkins, Corr.                                            with every chance of a suc-
     Of course, Black has a 1933) 12 @hS+ B e 7 and now                                                            cessful defence o r 13 Q x f 6 +
large number of alterna-                 Glaskov's       and     Estrin's                                          @xf6 14 @xg4 @xd4+) 12 ...
tives. I would just like to              suggestion of 13 eS looks                                                 @d7 13 Q e 4 (114)
remind t h e reader t h a t i t very s t r o n g .
will b e of m o r e benefit to               (c) 7 ... d6 8 @xf3 Qe6 9
s t u d y t h e variations in or-        QbS! Qd7 10 @xf4 @f6 11              @xe2 f 6 and now White's
d e r to g e t a feel f o r t h e @xf6 Q x f 6 12 Xxf6 Qg7 13                 b e s t i s to force a draw with
a t t a c k , r a t h e r t h a n to re- QgS 0-0 14 g a f l with ad-          15 gxf6! Q x f 6 (15 ... @xdS?
member t h e m in rote fash-             vantage to White (Tseitlin).         16 @hS+ @d8 17 Ed1 wins) 16
ion. If t h e l a t t e r approach           (dl 7 ... Qxd4!? 8 Qxf4!        Qxf6 E f 8 17 @hS+ E f 7 (17 ...
i s adopted, you will find               (Not 8 @xd4?? B g S and             @d7 18 @fS+ i s a l s o a draw)
yourself a t sixes and sevens White can resign) 8 ... QcS!                    18 gel @f8 19 @h6+ @e8 20
when faced with a novelty (An improvement o n t h e old                      @hS.
o r , heaven forbid, when you 8 ... @f6 9 Q d S B g 7 10                         (e2) 9 @d2. White wishes
f o r g e t t h e theory.                Q x c 7 + @d8 11 g3 with a           to c a p t u r e with t h e queen       Here Lepeshkin gives 13
     (a) 7 ... f g (This i s suici-      winning position f o r White).      on f4, hoping t h a t t h i s will    ... f2+ a s clearly b e t t e r f o r
dal) 8 Qxf7+ @xf7 9 @hS+ After 8 ... QcS, Polaksek -                         create decisive t h r e a t s o n     Black. This a s s e s s m e n t
@g7 10 @g4+ @f7 11 Bxf4+ Karolyi, Prague 1988, con-                          t h e f-file. Black has a num-       doesn't seem correct, e.g.
Q f 6 12 Q d S (Analysis by tinued: 9 Qxf7+ @xf7 10 Qe3                      b e r of defensive tries, e.g.        14 @xf2! (14 Q x f 2 i s l e s s
Lange, 1856).                            @e8! 11 Q x d 4 Q x d 4 12 @xd4         (e21) 9 ... Q g 7 10 @xf4!       good, o n account of 14 ...
     (b) 7 ... Qg7 8 Q x f 4 Qxd4+ @f6 13 @d3 Q e 7 14 g x f 3               Qxd4+ 11 @hl f g + 12 @xg2           Qd6!) 14 ... a x e 4 (After 14
(Against 8 ... @f6 9 Qe3 i s @eS and Black eventually                        e h 4 13 d c (Estrin a l s o gives   ... Qe7, t h e simple 15 dc+ bc
s t r o n g as 9 ... Q x d 4 10 Q d S b e a t off t h e attack and           13 @xf7+ @d8 14 @f8+ @d7             16 Q d 3 leaves White with
@g6 11 Exf3! Q x f 3 + 12 @xf3 converted his material ad-                    IS d c + b c 16 @f4 Qh3+ 17          excellent play f o r t h e piece,
@c6 13 QbS @d6 14 g f l wins; vantage. A b e t t e r try f o r               a h 1 @xf4 18 g x f 4 Qxc3 19        whilst IS Q g S could a l s o be
8 ... Q x d 4 9 Q e 3 (9 Qxf7+ White would have been 9                       bc Q e 7 2 0 Qa3! with advan-        worth       investigation) 15
deserves a t t e n t i o n ) 9 ... cS @hl!                                   tage to White) 12 ... 0-0-0          Bxe4 (IS @xf7+ B e 7 16 dc+
10 Q b S Q x b S 11QxbS @b6 12                (e) 7 ... d 5 (This is t h e   14 cb+ @xb7 15 @g3 &xg3+             b c 17 @dS+ @c7 18 Q f 4 + Egb6
@xf3 f 6 13 @hS+ @d8 14 m o s t common move) 8 ed                            16 hg Q e 6 17 Qxe6 f e 18 Xf7       i s a false trail, although 18
QxcS and White has a very Q g 4 (113).                                       with advantage to White.             @xe4 may n o t b e complete-
s t r o n g a t t a c k ) 9 @h1 Qxc3          Now White has t w o pos-          (e22) 9 ... Q a S 10 QbS+ c6      ly hopeless) IS ... fS 16 ge6!
 (As usual in t h i s variation sibilities:                                  (Weaker i s 10 ...Qd7 11 @xf4        c b 17 h3!
capturing on g 2 only serves                  (el) 9 @el+ Qe7! (9 ...        Qxb5 12 Q x b S Qd6 13 @xf3              Now Black will lose o n e
 t o open f u r t h e r lines f o r a c e 7 10 QbS+ Qd7 11 @eS) 10           @d7 14 Q x d 6 + cd 15 b 4 and       of his e x t r a pieces (17 ...
 White) 10 Qxf7+ (The sec- Q x f 4 Q x d 4 11 QeS Q e 2 + 12                 White i s b e t t e r ) 11 @xf4      QhS or 17 ... Q d l lose t o 18
 ond piece sacrifice is a ty- a x e 2 f e 13 Qxe2 Qxe2 14                    a6f (After 11 ... c b probably       @xfS) and o n t o p of this he
                                                                                                                 3 ... ac6 117
                                               1
will be unable t o prevent 1985/86) 1 d6! &6 (Lep-                 knight.
the infiltration of the eshkin considers 11 ... 0-0-0                    14 ...      @eS (115)    1 1   &         1
                                                                                                                  %     $
white queen t o f5. In the t o be better for Black, b u t                15 Qg81                  w     #t#   ;a'Q@'?
game Gallagher - Kamber, after 12 dc! g e 8 (12 ...@xd4+
Olten 1992, Black ran away loses t o 13 Qe3 B x f 4 14
                                                                     If Black takes the bishop,
                                                                   mate follows very shortly.
                                                                                                         mgF g@ @ @
                                                                                                        @&@ $ &
with his king, b u t after 17 cd++!l 13 a x f 7 and White's              1s ...      @cS
...@c8 18 hg b6 19 @xfS @b7 position is clearly prefer-                                                     @ @A@ g
20 &S, White had an over-          able) 12 @e4+@d8 13 h3 Qe6
                                                                         16 @hi      ad7
                                                                         17 g x f 8 &6                  @    ;
                                                                                                             aa  @
whelming position.                 14 Qxe6 @xe6 15 @xb7 g c 8            1 Bd8+ &6
                                                                          8                             &@a@
   17 ... Qxh3 fares no 16 dc+ Xxc7 17 @a8+ g c 8 18
better: 18 g h Xg8+ (or 18 ... e x f 3 and White has more
                                                                         19 QdS+ 1-0
                                                                                                        m a @EE
@c7 19 @xf5! @g3+ 20 @hl) than enough for the piece.
19 @hl g g 6 20 e x f 5 g x e 6 21   Let us return t o Motwani
@xe6+ (21 de+ is also better - Kula after 7 ... @gS.
for White) 21 ... @c7 22                 8 axf3 Qxd4
Qf4+ Qd6 23 gfl! Q c 4 24 b3             9 Qxf7+!
Qxf4 25 bc @h4 26 d6+ and            Of course not 9 Bxd4
White wins. Relatively best Qc5. Now Black is unable
for Black i s t o bring his t o take t h e bishop, e.g. 9 ...
knight back into play. After @xf7 10 g x f 4 + Q f 6 11 QdS
17 ... Q c 4 18 hg Q d 6 19 gf @eS 12 gxf6+ @g8 13 @g4+
White's position remains and wins.
clearly preferable.                      9  ...        W8
   Instead of 13 ... f2+ Black            0
                                         1 Rf2
can play 13 ... Qxe4. There          10 g x f 4 is also possible
could then follow 14 @xg4+ but Motwani's move threat-
@c7 15 @xe4 c b 16 Qf4+ @b6 ens t o take the knight.
(16 ... Qd6 loses t o 17 @e7+!)          10 ...        @g7
and White obviously has                   1
                                         1 Qxf4 Q e 7
some compensation f o r the          11 ... QcS could also be
piece b u t i t i s difficult t o met by 12 @hS.
say how much. 17 a4 looks                12 BhS
a tempting continuation.             White's attack is already
   (e23) 9 ... a c e 7 10 @xf4 decisive.
@d7 (10 ... Q h 6 is well met            12 ...        d6
by 11 Qe4! Q e g 8 (11 ... Qg7?          13 QgS        Qxc2
12 #&xh6) 12 QbS+ Qd7 13             Faced with the threat of
@eS+ @e7 14 Qxd7+ @xd7 15          Qf6, Black plays a move
QcS+ @c8 16 e x h 8 f g 17 g d l reeking of desperation.
b6 18 Qxh6 Qxh6 19 Qel and               14 Qafl
White had the advantage in           White is not going t o be
Zuckerman - Markov, Corr. side- tracked by a mere
                                                                                                                                  Becker Defence 119
                                                                                 However, all i s n o t d o o m        0-0-0 13 QbS! causes Black
                                                                              and gloom. White has a                   serious problems.
                                                                              very interesting possibility                b) 11 ... 0-0 12 0-0-0 @d7
                                                                              on his seventh move: 7 h g               (12 ... @e7 13 Edel (13
6 ) Becker Defence                                                            (117). instead of 7 h4.                 QxgS!?) 13 ... Rae8 14 Q x g S
                                                                                                                      hg 15 QxgS Qe6 16 Q b 3 ( o r
                                                                                                                      16 QdS!?) with excellent
                                                                                                                      compensation          for     the
                                                                                                                      piece) 13 g f 2 and White
          Game 35                    Black f r o m playing ... gS, is                                                 plans to double r o o k s o n
     Gallagher - Spyrsl              interesting, and can be seen                                                     t h e f-file. Black has diffic-
       Frlbo~rg 1987                 in g a m e 36; w h i l s t 4 Q c 4 g5                                            ulties in countering t h i s
                                     leads to t h e Classical which                                                   plan, e.g. 13 ... E a e 8 14 a3!
      i    e4        eS              i s n o t p a r t of o u r repertoire                                            and now 14 ... Q x f 3 1S g x f 3
      2    f4        ef              (5 Q e S g h 7 ! doesn't disturb                                                 @g4 16 g d f l Q x e 4 17 E x f 7
      3    Qf3       h6 (116)        Black).                      -                                                   is good f o r White.
                                            4     ...        gs                   Now 7 ... d 6 l o o k s normal              6 g3!
                                             5 Qc3                           f o r Black. 8 Q c 4 (White can              White h a s to t a k e action
                                        S h4 Qg7 6 g 3 i s another,          even consider t h e specula-             against t h e pawn chain be-
                                     b u t l e s s promising, met-           tive 8QxgS!?, e.g. 8 ... h g 9           fore Black has time t o con-
                                     hod.                                    g x h 8 Q x h 8 10 @hS Q x d 4 11        solidate.
                                             S    ...        d6              QxgS! @d7 (11 ... Qf6 12 @h7                     6    ...        fg
                                         S ... Qg7 c a u g h t me            QxgS 13 @xg8+ a d 7 14                       6 ... g 4 doesn't f i t in with
                                     napping a l i t t l e in the game       $xf7+ &Ye7 1.5 Qh3+) 12 Q c 4            t h e Becker s y s t e m (3 ... h6
                                     Gallagher - Nunn, Islington             followed by 13 0-0-0 a n d               w a s played to hold t h e
                                     1990. I just continued in t h e         Qfl with a dangerous                     kingside): 7 Q g l f 3 8 h3 is
                                     normal fashion: 6 g 3 f g 7             a t t a c k ) 8 ... Q f 6 (Black h a s   good f o r White, whilst 7
  T h e Becker Defence sig-          h 4 g 4 8 &l b u t w a s then           t o watch his s t e p . For              Q x f 4 i s a l s o highly t e m p t -
nals Black's intention t o           very surprised by 8 ... dS!.            example, 8 ... Q c 6 ? 9 Q x g S         ing, e.g. 7 ... gf 8 @xf3 Q c 6
hold on t o t h e gambit             Previously t h i s idea hadn't          hg 10 g x h 8 Q x h 8 11 @h5; o r        9 0-0-0 with a s t r o n g
pawn, b u t w i t h o u t t h e      been considered at all,                 8 ... Q e 7 9 QxgS! hg 10                attack.
weaknesses inherent in t h e         theory normally stating                 g x h 8 + Q x h 8 11 @hS a g 6 12            More critical i s 6 ... Qg7
Kieseritzky. By playing ...          t h a t whether Black plays 5           QxgS @d7 (12 ...Q f 6 13Qxf7+            7 gf g 4 8 Q g l @h4+ 9 B e 2
h6 f i r s t , Black won't b e       ... d6 o r S ... Qg7 doesn't            @xf7 14 @h7+) 13 0-0-0 with              g3 10 Q f 3 Qg4, b u t a f t e r 11
forced i n t o playing ... g 4 if    make any difference as play             a crushing a t t a c k ) 9 @d3           Qe3 White has t h e b e t t e r
White decides to under-              simply transposes. After 8              &6 10 Q e 3 Q g 4 11 g f l . This        game, e.g. 11 ... g h 12 B d 2
mine t h e pawn chain with           ... dS!, 9 Q x d S i s bad be-           s
                                                                             i a l i t t l e inconvenient, b u t      @g3 13 Qe2 Q c 6 14 Q x h 2 o r
h4. But, a s w e s h a l l s e e ,   cause of 9 ... c6, s o play             w h i t e maintains a firm grip          1 ... Q c 6 12 a d z ! @hS 13 Qe2
                                                                                                                       1
White has o t h e r ways t o         continued: 9 e d Q e 7 10               on t h e centre. Black now               g2 14 E g l @h3 15 dS Q e 7 16
develop his initiative.              h e 2 c6! 11 Q g 2 cd 12 Q f 4          has to decide which way to               Q d 4 (Bhend).
       4   d4                        Q c 6 13 @d2 @a5 with ad-               :astle.                                          7 h4
   4 b3, in o r d e r t o dissuade   vantage t o Black.                          a ) 11 ... @d7 12 0-0-0                 This i s t h e normal way of
120 Becker Defence                                                                                                    Becker Defence 121

continuing t h e a t t a c k b u t ,       Black m u s t have over-        attack; White's bishop o n        attractive, and          thereby
in view of t h e analysis              looked t h a t a f t e r 11 a d 5   g2 comes forcefully i n t o       leaves 3 ... h6 looking like a
above, 7 hg can also be                e f 3 t h e bishop o n e 3 would    t h e game.                       waste of time.
considered.                            be defended by t h e knight.                 2 ...       Qh7              White's plan is to devel-
         7  ...           g4           10 ... Q f 6 looks best, b u t
                                       a f t e r 11 Qg2 (11 hS!?) 11 ...
                                                                                Unpleasant though i t
                                                                           may be, Black should have
                                                                                                             o p his queenside pieces as
     7 ... Q g 4 is n o t good be-                                                                           quickly as possible, castle
cause of 8 hg Q c 6 (8 ... Qg7         Q x h 4 12 e d 2 with 0-0-0 to      taken on e5. After 21 ... d e     long, and then play g 3 to
9 g h Qxh6 10 &2!) 9 QdS!              follow is similar t o 8 ...         22 d e @xeS (22 ... Q x e S 23    open lines o n t h e kingside.
Q x f 3 10 e x f 3 Q x d 4 11 @c3      Qe7 in t h e note to Black's        QcS e d 8 2 4 @b4! wins f o r     He should then receive t h e
Q g 7 12 Q x c 7 + @f8 13 Q x a 8      eight move.                         White) 23 Qa7+ a x a 7 24         s o r t of compensation o n e
e x a 8 14 gh with a clear                       I1 a d s    Bd8           a x e 5 Q x e S 25 @xc7 White     normally associates with
advantage f o r White (Glas-                     12 Q x g 3 Q f 6          has a clear advantage b u t       t h e Benko Gambit, with t h e
kov).                                            13 Q f 4                  Black can soldier on.             added bonus of having t h e
     If 7 ... gh, 8 Q x h 4 and             White avoids exchanges                  22 Qxc6                  black king to aim at. Ne-
White will soon pick up t h e          and has t h e option of play-           22 Q d S @f8 23 Q x c 7 is    vertheless, a quick m a t e is
g-pawn and remain with                 ing QhS.                            a l s o good.                     unlikely a n d i t is t h e long
excellent compensation f o r                      ...
                                                 13          ee7                    22...       Qxf 47       lasting pressure           which
t h e o t h e r one sacrificed.                  14 Bd3      Qd7               The final error. T o avoid    should make Black suffer.
         8 Qgl           &7?!                    IS 0-0-0 hS               immediate          capitulation
     8 ...Qe7 9 a 2 (9 hS!?) 9                   16 Qg2                    Black had to play 22 ... b c
... Q x h 4 10 Q f 4 @f6 11 $d2             White is in no rush and        (22 ... Qxc6 23 Q f S wins
and Korchnoi considers                 calmly continues develop-           quickly).
t h a t Black's t h r e e e x t r a    ing.                                         23 Q x f 4 Qxc6
pawns are n o match f o r                         ...
                                                 16           0-0-0                 24 e d      Bxh4
White's s t r o n g centre and                   17 @a3!? a6                        25 dS       QxdS
lead in development.                             18 n h e l   gde8                  26 dc+      Bc8
     8 ... g2 9 Qxg2 Q e 7 lo h s                19 Bbl      Qh6                    27 Q f S    1-0
Qh4+ 11 @e2 i s a l s o plea-                    2 0 @c3!    @b8 (118)
s a n t f o r White, e.g. 11 ...                                                    Game 36
&S 12 QxgS HxgS 13 e d 2                                                        Bangiev - Karolyi                  4 ...         d6
@xd2+ (13 ... Q f 6 14 Hfl                                                      Kecskemet 1987                 After this, White has no
Q x h S 15 RxhS $xhS 16 QdS                                                                                  difficulty in carrying o u t
i s good f o r White) 14 @xd2                                                     I     e4       eS          his plan.
Q e 7 1S a g e 2 and White has                                                    2 f4           ef             4 ... Q f 6 is interesting,
t h e b e t t e r ending in spite                                                 3 Qf3          h6          when White has normally
of Black's e x t r a pawn.                                                        4 b3 (119)                 played S H e 2 (S e5 could
         9 Qe3                                                               Over t h e p a s t few years,   well be stronger when w e
     Black has n o counterplay                                             this has become an in-            arrive in a strange s o r t of
and i s suffering terribly                                                 creasingly popular way of         Schallop Defence. Admitt-
 f r o m a lack of space.                   21 eS!                         dealing with t h e Becker         edly, 3 ... h6 is marginally
          9 ...           Qc6            The preparation is over -         Defence. White prevents
                                                                           gS, o r a t least makes it un-
                                                                                                             more useful than 4 b3, b u t
                                                                                                             then again I'm s u r e t h a t
          10 &e2          @f6?         now i t is time for t h e
122 Becker Defence                                                                                                      Becker Defence 123
God would never choose                t h e pawn                                   19 @bl       Qe7
t h e Schallop against t h e                                                       20 d4!
King's Gambit) 5 ... dS!. By                                                   Black's knights a r e dri-
t h e opening of t h e centre,                                             ven back and, a f t e r t h e
White's development is                                                     exchange of dark-squared
made to look r a t h e r clum-                                             bishops, t h e open files o n
sy. Hebden - Pein, London                                                  t h e kingside look even
1987 continued: 6 ed+ Qe7 7                                                more menacing.
Qb2 (7 c 4 is t o o slow) 7 ...                                                    2 0 ...      a g 6
0-0 8 Qc3 Be8 9 0-0-0                                                              21 Qcl!      Qxcl
Q x d S 10 B e 5 Q x c 3 11 d c Qd6                                                22 @xcl      dS
12 @hS Qd7?! (This i s where                                                   Black should probably
Black s t a r t s going down-                   9 g3!       Qg4            try to complicate t h e issue
hill. The knight is fated                 Black aims to simplify           with something like 22 ...            32 E l f 3 i o o k s even stron-
never to arrive a t i t s destin-     t h e position b u t this won't     @a5 23 @b2 cS, although            ger.
ation, leaving behind i t an          relieve t h e pressure. 9 ... f g    White should still b e bet-               32   ...           @g8
undeveloped            queenside.     10 @g2 a l s o gives White a        ter. After 22 ... dS t h e situ-           33 Rxf8+ g x f 8
Better was 12 ... Q c 6 , a f t e r
which White i s hard pressed
                                            -
                                      s t r o n e attack.
                                                10 H f 2    he5
                                                                          ation is close to being                    34 Rxf8+ @xf8
                                                                          beyond repair.                         Black fought well in t h e
to justify his pawn minus,                      I1 Qe2      fg                     23 eS        Qxf5         coming endgame, b u t he
e.g. 13 Qc4 @f6 14 g h e l Qd7;                 12 B x g 3 Q h S                  2 4 *fS       Qe7          eventually had to bow to
o r 13 c 4 @e7 14 Q d 3 Qa3 IS             Black's activity is of a           24 ... @c8 25 e6!              t h e inevitable. The remain-
g h e l Qxb2+ 16 e x b 2 @f6+)        temporary nature.                            25 @g4       g6           ing moves were: 35 @d2
13 Q c 4 @f6 14 g h e l g e 3 15                13 B f 2    Qxf3              Now t h e kingside pawns       Q e 6 36 @e3 @f7 37 c 4 Q c 7
a x e 3 f e 16 g f l g 6 17 H a 5               14 Q x f 3 Q h 4          have been fatally weak-            38 Qf4 bS 39 @d3 a5 4 0 c d
@fS 18 @a4 c6 19 Q d 4 e2 20                    I s y f l   Qf4           ened.                              cd 41 a 4 b 4 42 @e3 Be8 43
QxfS Q b 6 21 Qxe2 1-0.                         16 &l                             26 E d f l   @c8           Q d 3 Q e 6 44 Q c S Q d 8 45
         5 Qb2          Qf6               The open g-file and long                27 @h4       QfS           Qd3 Q c 6 46 Q f 4 Q e 7 47
         6 Qc3          Qe7           diagonal a r e t h e m o s t                2 8 @f6      ah7           Qe2 @f7 4 8 a f 4 @g6 49
         7 @e2          0-0           important a s p e c t s of t h e            29 he21                    &l Qc6 SO Q f 3 @f7 51 B f S
         8 0-0-0 Q c 6 (120)          position. White also has, in            I t just remains f o r t h e   Qe7+ 52 @g4 @e6 53 Q h 4
    In t h e game Hebden -            reserve, t h e option of play-      knight to be transferred t o       Q c 8 5 4 Q f 5 Q b 6 5.5 Q d 6
Romanishin, Moscow 1986,              ing d 4 a t a good moment.          t h e kingside.                    Q d 7 56 Q b S Q b 8 57 @f4
Black chose instead 8 ... c6.                   16 ...      c6                    29 ...       @e6 (121)     Q c 6 58 h 4 4327 59 &I6 Q c b
Play continued 9 g3! f g 10                     17 Qg4!                       What can Black do?             60 Q f 5 h5 61 @g5 a x e 5 62
E g l ge8 (Of course, taking               The bishop sets off for        Waiting passively is o u t of      Qg7+ a d 6 63 de+ @xeS 64
a n o t h e r pawn i s incredibly     t h e active fS-square and          the question and 29 ... @d8        Q x h 5 @d4 65 Q f 4 @c3 66
risky) 11 Exg3 Q f 8 12 d 3 (12       Black's minor pieces begin          allows 30 Exfs.                    h5 @xb3 67 h6 @a2 6 8 h7 b3
@e3 looks more precise) 12            to look a s if they are in a                30 Exg6! @xf6              69 Q d 3 1-0.
... Q b d 7 13 @d2 Q e S 14 Qe2       tangle.
g6 a n d now IS g d g l would                   17 ...      afg6
have given good play f o r                      18 QfS      QgS
                                                                                                                      Schallop Defence 125
                                                                         from f3, thereby causing             a d 3 and White wins back
                                                                         embarrassment            to   the    the f-pawn with a good
                                                                         knight o n hS. S d 4 is game         game a s 9 ... g5 10 b3! is
                                                                         38.                                  strong.
7) Schallop Defence                                                              s ...           gs              c2) 7 ... QcS+ 8 @hl Q f 6
                                                                            There are a number of             (The a t t e m p t t o play f o r a
                                                                         a1ternatives:                        snap mate fails, e.g. 8 ...
                                                                            a) S ... dS 6 0-0 gS 7 QxgS!      Qg3+ 9 hg fg 10 QbS+ (10
                                                                            b) S... g 6 6 d 4 Q g 7 7 0 - 0   Qf3) 10 ... c6 11 BhS g 6 12
      1    e4         eS                     3 Qf3        Qf6            d6 8 Q c 3 0-0 and, a s Chi-         Qxc6 Q x c 6 13 $eS+ He7 14
      2    f4         ef                     4 eS                        gorin pointed o u t , 9 ed! cd       @xh8+ @d7 15 @xh7) 9 c3
                                         Obviously this is the cri-      (9 ... $xd6 10 QeS) 1 Q e l .
                                                                                                   0          Qd6 (9 ... Q b d 7 10 Qxd7
                                      tical continuation. 4 a3 is
                                                               c            C) 5 ... d6 6 0-0 (In t h e       Qxd7 11 d 4 Qd6 12 QxF4
                                      met by 4 ... dS. If now 5 ed,      game Camarra - Sayed, Lu-            Qxf4 13 Qxf4 0-0 14 Qd3 is
                                      play has transposed into a         cerne 1982, White decided            clearly in White's favour. In
                                      variation of the Modern            t o throw t h e kitchen sink         the game Verdikhanov -
                                      Defence, where White has           a t his opponent and won in          Ilyin, Corr. 1982, Black tried
                                      little hope of gaining the         spectacular fashion: 6 d4?!          9 ... gS b u t after 1 d 4 Qd6
                                                                                                                                      0
                                      advantage, whilst 5 e5 QhS         d e 7 0-0 e d (7 ... e 4 8 Q e S     11 QdZ! Qbd7 12 Q d f 3 h6
                                      is less favourable than the        f 3 9 gf ef 10 Qc4 Qe6 11            13 Qc4 @e7 14 @b3 White
                                      text.                              Qxe6 f e 12 fie3 gives White         stood clearly better) 10 d 4
                                             4   ...      QhS            good compensation) 8 Q c 4           QxeS 11 d e e x d l 12 Qxdl (12
                                         Averbakh's move 4 ...           Qe6 9 Qxe6 f e 10 $e2 Qc6?           g x d l Q e 4 is unclear) 12 ...
   Black intends to hold on           &4 is seen from time t o           {Here Black could have c a s t       QdS 13 Qf3! Q e 3 14 Qxe3 fe
t o his f-pawn, defending i t         time, a recent example be-         serious d o u b t s upon t h e       1.5 Qa3! and White's chan-
with his knight from h5. In           ing Illescas - Motwani,            correctness of White's idea          ces are t o be preferred. The
this way he avoids weaken-            Thessaloniki 1988: S d 3 QgS       with 10 ... a d s ! ) 11 $xe6+       e-pawn is not long for this
ing his kingside pawns, b u t         6 Qxf4 Q e 6 7 Qg3 d6 8 d 4        @e7 12 @h3 @cS (12 ... @f7           world and the bishop
hS i s hardly t h e sort of           d e 9 dS (9 QxeS) 9 ... Q f 4 10   13 g e l + Qe7 14 &S @g6 15          exerts strong pressure on
o u t p o s t t h a t knights dream   a x e 5 QxdS 11 Qc4 Qe6 12         Qe6, with the threat of              the long diagonal.
about. Apart from having              @e2 Qe7 13 Q c 3 with an un-       $xh5, is good f o r White) 13                6 0-0 (123)
very little mobility, i t s           clear position.                    b4! Q x b 4 (13 ... @dS 14
exposed position offers                  White does better t o           c4!) 14 g e l + Q e 7 15 Re5 @xc2
White some tactical possi-             follow t h e recommendation       16 @xhS+ g6 17 nxe7+ @xe7
bilities.                             of Keres and play 5 d4.            18 @eS+ @I7 19 @xd4+ B e 7
                                       After 5 ... dS 6 Qxf4 c5 7        20 @xb4+ c5 21 @xb7+ B e 6
          Game 37                     Q b d 2 Q c 6 8 Qd3 he has the     22 QgS+ @eS 23 Qb2+ @fS
                -
     Glaskov Shapoval                  better game.                      24 @dS+ @g4 25 h3+ 1-0) 6
       C n 1985/86
         o.                                  S Be217                     ... d e 7 QxeS and Black's
                                         White prepares t o castle       t w o main choices don't
                                       quickly which will enable         seem t o give him equality:
                                       him t o move his knight              cl) 7 ... @d4+ 8 @hl Q f 6 9
128 Schallop Defence                                                                                                         Schallop Defence 129
 than Black's pawns.                   g6 15 g4! f g 16 hg Q x g 3 17                 10 h3                          this.
        6 c4                           Qxh7! and White won, Gla-                    By holding t h e g4-point                16   a3        W
                                                                                                                                            L
    Again       we     have the        skov - Malyuzhinets, Mo-                 White seriously restricts                    17   Qe4       Qxd2+
 'Queen's Gambit' variation            scow 1950.                               t h e mobility of Black's mi-                18   Q f x d 2 @e7
of t h e King's Gambit. White              C) 6 ... c6. White can now           nor pieces.                                  19   d6 (127) 1-0
can a l s o consider 6 Qe2             e x e r t s t r o n g pressure with              10 ...           dc?!
when a f t e r 6 ... gS 7 0-0          Qc3 and wb3.                                 It is, however, inadvis-
R g 8 play h a s transposed to             d) 6 ... Qe7 7 Qe2 Qh4+ 8           able to give up t h e c e n t r e
t h e seventh move n o t e of          @fl Q g 4 (8 ... Qe7 9 cd               in t h i s fashion; Black
Glaskov - Shapoval. After 6            @xdS 10 Qc3 @d8 11 dS and               should have prepared to dig
Qe2, t h e game S. Bucker -            t h e t h r e a t of Q d 4 gives        in f o r a s t u r d y defence with
S. Nikolic, Biel 1984, took            White t h e advantage, e.g. 11          10 ... c6.
a n independent course: 6 ...          ... Q g 4 12 Q d 4 a x e 2 13 B x e 2             1
                                                                                        1 Q x c 4 CS
Q g 4 7 0-0 g 6 8 E e l Q e 7 9 c 3    g6 14 @e4) 9 c d 0-0 10 Q c 3                In f o r a penny ...
c 5 10 @b3 b6 with a com-              and         White's       powerful               12 d5            Qd7
plicated s t r u g g l e ahead.        centre is more important                         13 Q d 2         Qb6
Instead of t h e s t r a n g e 8       than his misplaced king.                         14 H e 2         hg
g e l , 8 Q e l s e e m s more to                                                       1 hg
                                                                                         s               Qd7            Black, rather premature-
t h e point, and a f t e r t h e ex-                                                White's pawns control            ly, decided to call it a day
change of bishops White                                                        t h e whole board and Black           (although o n e can sympa-
can play Q d 3 and Q x f 4 .                                                   i s reduced to moves like             thise with him).
        6   ...          gS (126)
    Black has a large number
of alternatives:
    a) 6 ... Qb4+ 7 Q c 3 Q c 6 8
Qe2 0-0 9 0-0. ECO consi-
d e r s White to be slightly
better, e.g. 9 ... Q x c 3 10 b c
Q g 4 11 Q e l Qxe2 12 @xe2 g6                 7 g4!
13 Q x f 4 with advantage to              This incredible looking
White in Muchnik - Dzha-               move guarantees White a
lalov, Moscow 1952.                    clear advantage.
    b) 6 ... Q c 6 7 c d @xdS 8                7   ...     ag7
Qc3 Q b 4 9 Qe2 (9 @f2!?) 9               If 7 ... Qxg4 8 g g l gives
... @a5 ( 9 ... g 6 10 0-0 Qxc3        White a good game, e.g. 8
11 b c Q g 4 12 h3 Q f 5 13 Q h 4      ... O x f 3 9 @xf3 Q g 7 10 cd;
was slightly b e t t e r f o r         o r 8 ... wd7 9 cd.
White in Gragev - Cherna-                      8 Qc3       Qb4
kov, Corr. 1972) 10 Q d 2 Q g 4               9 Egl
11 a 3 Q x c 3 12 bc 0-0 13 QgS!          9 c d allows Black coun-
(White s t a r t s a lethal            terplay with 9 ... h5!
attack) 13 ... Qxe2 14 @xe2                   9    ...      hS
128 Schallop Defence                                                                                                         Schallop Defence 129
 than Black's pawns.                   g6 15 g4! f g 16 hg Q x g 3 17                 10 h3                          this.
        6 c4                           Qxh7! and White won, Gla-                    By holding t h e g4-point                16   a3        W
                                                                                                                                            L
    Again       we     have the        skov - Malyuzhinets, Mo-                 White seriously restricts                    17   Qe4       Qxd2+
 'Queen's Gambit' variation            scow 1950.                               t h e mobility of Black's mi-                18   Q f x d 2 @e7
of t h e King's Gambit. White              C) 6 ... c6. White can now           nor pieces.                                  19   d6 (127) 1-0
can a l s o consider 6 Qe2             e x e r t s t r o n g pressure with              10 ...           dc?!
when a f t e r 6 ... gS 7 0-0          Qc3 and wb3.                                 It is, however, inadvis-
R g 8 play h a s transposed to             d) 6 ... Qe7 7 Qe2 Qh4+ 8           able to give up t h e c e n t r e
t h e seventh move n o t e of          @fl Q g 4 (8 ... Qe7 9 cd               in t h i s fashion; Black
Glaskov - Shapoval. After 6            @xdS 10 Qc3 @d8 11 dS and               should have prepared to dig
Qe2, t h e game S. Bucker -            t h e t h r e a t of Q d 4 gives        in f o r a s t u r d y defence with
S. Nikolic, Biel 1984, took            White t h e advantage, e.g. 11          10 ... c6.
a n independent course: 6 ...          ... Q g 4 12 Q d 4 a x e 2 13 B x e 2             1
                                                                                        1 Q x c 4 CS
Q g 4 7 0-0 g 6 8 E e l Q e 7 9 c 3    g6 14 @e4) 9 c d 0-0 10 Q c 3                In f o r a penny ...
c 5 10 @b3 b6 with a com-              and         White's       powerful               12 d5            Qd7
plicated s t r u g g l e ahead.        centre is more important                         13 Q d 2         Qb6
Instead of t h e s t r a n g e 8       than his misplaced king.                         14 H e 2         hg
g e l , 8 Q e l s e e m s more to                                                       1 hg
                                                                                         s               Qd7            Black, rather premature-
t h e point, and a f t e r t h e ex-                                                White's pawns control            ly, decided to call it a day
change of bishops White                                                        t h e whole board and Black           (although o n e can sympa-
can play Q d 3 and Q x f 4 .                                                   i s reduced to moves like             thise with him).
        6   ...          gS (126)
    Black has a large number
of alternatives:
    a) 6 ... Qb4+ 7 Q c 3 Q c 6 8
Qe2 0-0 9 0-0. ECO consi-
d e r s White to be slightly
better, e.g. 9 ... Q x c 3 10 b c
Q g 4 11 Q e l Qxe2 12 @xe2 g6                 7 g4!
13 Q x f 4 with advantage to              This incredible looking
White in Muchnik - Dzha-               move guarantees White a
lalov, Moscow 1952.                    clear advantage.
    b) 6 ... Q c 6 7 c d @xdS 8                7   ...     ag7
Qc3 Q b 4 9 Qe2 (9 @f2!?) 9               If 7 ... Qxg4 8 g g l gives
... @a5 ( 9 ... g 6 10 0-0 Qxc3        White a good game, e.g. 8
11 b c Q g 4 12 h3 Q f 5 13 Q h 4      ... O x f 3 9 @xf3 Q g 7 10 cd;
was slightly b e t t e r f o r         o r 8 ... wd7 9 cd.
White in Gragev - Cherna-                      8 Qc3       Qb4
kov, Corr. 1972) 10 Q d 2 Q g 4               9 Egl
11 a 3 Q x c 3 12 bc 0-0 13 QgS!          9 c d allows Black coun-
(White s t a r t s a lethal            terplay with 9 ... h5!
attack) 13 ... Qxe2 14 @xe2                   9    ...      hS
                                                                                                                       Rare Third Moves 131
                                                                                                                       The queen has n o square
                                                                                                                   a s c7 m u s t remain de-
                                                                                                                   fended.
                                                                                                                          1 ...
                                                                                                                           8             Exf4
8) Rare Third Moves                                                                                                       19 @bS+ @a8
                                                                                                                          20 @c6+ @b8
                                                                                                                          21 a x e 7 Qxe7
                                                                                                                          22 Ed1        Qf6
                                                                                                                      22 ... QxcS 23 @xcS Qb7
          Game 39                    Q c 3 Qe7 7 Q d S Q x h 4 (7 ...                                             24 Ed3! is very strong.
     Spassky - Seirawan              Qxh4+ 8 Q x h 4 Q x h 4 9 Qxf4                                                       23 Qd7+       Qxd7
      Montpellier 1985               d6 10 Qg3 Q g 6 11 ExhS is            8 ... @xe4 9 QbS+ and 10                       24 @xd7 Q d 8
                                     good f o r White) 8 Q x f 4           net.                                       24 ... QcS+ would p u t up
      1    e4         eS             with a clear advantage.                                                      a little more resistance,
      2    f4         ef                    S Qc3
                                                                                   10 Q x f 4
                                                                                                -                 b u t t h e ending is techni-
                                                                                                                  cally lost.
                                        Blocking t h e c e n t r e with
                                     S e5 unnec%ssarily concedes               S o White has regained                    25 @bS+ @c8
                                     control     of    the        white    t h e pawn and his well-cen-                  26 Exd8+ axd8
                                     squares, e.g. S ... Q g 6 6 Q d 3     tralised position gives him                   27 @a4
                                     Qe7 7 Qxg6 f g 8 Q x f 4 gS 9        a clear advantage.                          If    Black's     queenside
                                     Q g 3 g 4 and Black already                  10  ...                         pawns were united he
                                     had t h e upper hand in Naf-                  1
                                                                                  1 QbS!                          might have some slight
                                     talan - Martiroshan, Corr.                This e n s u r e s t h a t Black's drawing chances.
                                     1985/87.                             king will find n o sanctuary.
                                                                                     ...
                                                                                                                          ...
                                                                                                                         27             gs
                                           S     ...      de                      11                  0-0-0              2 8 Hxa7 E f 4
                                                                                  12 Q x c 6          bc             28 ... g 4 fails to 29 @a8+
                                                                                  13 @d3                          and 30 $9a4+.
   T h e so-called Bonsch-             Spassky's improvement                   Unpinning           and       also        29 @a6+ @b8
Osmolovsky            variation.     on his game against Novo-            threatening @a6+.                              30 @d3        Qe7
Black plans to bring his             pashin, 23 years earlier,                    13 ...             Qxf3                 1
                                                                                                                         3 exh7 g4
knight around to g 6 in              where h e played 7 Qc4.                  13 ... Qxf3 is o u t of t h e              32 @g3        1-0
order to give protection to                7     ...    e e 7 (1,791      question a s Black m u s t re-
his e x t r a pawn. But 3 ...          7 ... Qe7 8 hS Q h 4 9 Q x f 4     tain t h i s bishop to t r y to                     Game 4 0
Q e 7 doesn't really p u t any       &4 10 h6! with advantage             plug t h e holes around his
                                                                          king .
                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                    Schlechter Telchrnann
pressure o n White's posi-           to White in Kuznetsov -                                                                Vienna 1903
tion and g6 t u r n s o u t t o be   Bonsch-Osmo!ovsky, Mos-                    14 gf          Qfs
not s u c h a solid base.            cow 1964.                                  1S Ha6+ &b8                        1 e4        eS
        4 d4          dS                   8 @f2!                               16 Q c S    Qc8                    2 f4        ef
   Black has to s t a k e a            A wonderful move, a f t e r              17 @xc6 E x d 4                    3 af3       f S (130)
claim in t h e centre. After 4       which Black's pieces seem              If Black doesn't take t h e         This only serves t o wea-
... Q g 6 5 h4! gives White a        to b e o n silly squares. Of         pawn he is totally lost.            ken Black's kingside and
good game, e.g. S ... hS 6           course t h e knight is taboo:              1 Baei!
                                                                                 8                            even in 1903 i t wasn't
132 Rare Third Moves                                                          Rare Third Moves 133
thought of very highly.            Black has gained a mo-               not surprising that White
                                 ment's breathing space, but            now has a decisive blow.
                                 is unable t o d o anything                     25 gg8!    1-0
                                 with it.                                  An elegant finish. 25 ...
                                       9    ...    Qc6                  g x g 8 26 $f6+ @e8 27 @f7+.
                                       10 Qe2      &g6
                                        1
                                       1 Qc3       Qb4
                                       12 ds!
                                    Forcing one of Black's
                                 few developed pieces t o re-
                                 treat.
                                        12  ...       ad8
          4 eS!                         13 0-0-0 h6
   4 ef d5 would justify                14 g4!
Black's third move.                 White opens lines on the
          4 ...         gs       kingside, which provide
   Other moves also lead t o
a bad game:
   a) 4 ... d5 5 h4!? followed
                                 added fuel for the attack.
                                        14  ...
                                        1s d6
                                                      Qe7
                                                      Qe6
                                                                    !
by d4 and Qxf 4.                    If the knight had moved,
   b) 4 ... d6 5 $e2 Qe7 6 d 4   White could have won eas-
Q c 6 7 Qxf4 d e 8 d e Q d 4 9   ily by 16 gf o r 16 QdS.
$c4 Q e 6 (9 ... Qxf3+ 10 gf            16 d e        QcS
Qh4+ 11 B e 2 is good for               17 $g3        Qxe7
White) 10 Qd3 with the              Material equality has
b e t t e r game f o r White.    been restored, b u t Black
          5 d4          g4       hasn't solved any of his
   5 ... dS 6 c4 Qe6 7 Q c 3     problems.
Q b 4 8 h4 was good for                 18 gf         $xfS
White in Glaskov - Yaro-                19 Qe3        QgS
shevsky, Moscow 1971.                   20 Q d S      Qxe3+
          6 Qxf41                       21 $xe3       @d8
   This traditional piece           21 ... @gS+ is a little bet-
sacrifice is given added ven-    ter. After 22 $xgS hg 23
om by t h e fact t h a t Black   &4! n b 8 24 Qxe6 de 25
has played ... fS.               Qxc7+ White is a pawn up
          ...
          6             gf       with a good position.
          7 e x f 3 $h4+                22 g h g l    $f8
   This is the only sensible            23 gdfl       $cS
way t o s t o p @h5+.                   24 $f3        g f 8 (131)
          8 g3          eg4         Black is playing without
          9 @e3                  his queenside and s o it is
                                                                                                                Falkbeer Counter-Gambit 135
                                                                            This is feeble and simply            E d 4 16 Qe3 g b 4 17 Q x f 7
                                                                         contributes towards White's             flg8 18 0-0-0 with a clear
                                                                         development. There a r e t w o          advantage f o r White) 8 gf
                                                                         serious alternatives, one of                              0
                                                                                                                 e3 9 Q e 4 Qe7 1 Qxe3 a h 5
                                                                         which, 4 ... 4 f 6 , will be t h e
9) Falkbeer Counter-Gambit                                               subject        of      subsequent
                                                                                                                 (Keres considers t h a t a f t e r
                                                                                                                 10 ... 0-0 White can gain
                                                                         games.                                  t h e advantage with 11 Qg2
                                                                            4 ... B x d S is a l s o insuffi-                   1
                                                                                                                 and 12 0-0) 1 Q c 3 @fS 12
                                                                         cient f o r equality, b u t             0-0-0 Q x f 4 13 @d2 (133)
                                  continuations, b u t in this           White m u s t play carefully.
                                  book we shall only be exa-             For example, S B e 2 a f 6 6
                                  mining 4 d3!. Modern prac-            Qd2! (6 a c 3 Q b 4 is not s o
                                  tice has shown t h a t t o free       clear) and now:
                                  his position White has t o               a) 6 ... QfS 7 d e Q x e 4 (7 ...
                                  exchange Black's strong               a x e 4 8 g4) 8 g 4 gives
                                  e-pawn a s quickly a s pos-           White a clear advantage
                                  sible.                                e.g. 8 ... Qe7 9 a x e 4 @xe4
                                                                        (According t o Keres 9 ...
                                           Game 41                      a x e 4 10 a 2 @as+ 11 B f l
                                         Murey - Nikitfn                a d 6 12 Qd2 is very good f o r
                                             USSR 1970                  White) 10 &2! @xe2+ 11                        Black has fallen serious-
                                                                       a x e 2 c6 12 gS and White                ly behind in development.
                                           1 e4            eS           has a considerable advan-                13 ... &S (13 ... Q e 6 14 f4;
  Instead of accepting t h e               2 f4            dS           tage due to his bishop pair             o r 13 ... Q d S 14 Qh3! are
pawn on offer, Black de-                   3 ed                         and active development.                 both good for White) 14 h4
cides to sacrifice one him-           1 should just mention in             b) 6 ... Qg4 7 Q g f 3 Q x f 3       Qh6 1S Qh3! Q x h 3 16 Qxhb
self. In return, he hopes t o     passing t h a t declining t h e       (If 7 ... 4 3 6 , analysis by           gh 17 @e3+ and Black is un-
be able to develop swiftly        Falkbeer with 3 Q f 3 has a          Glaskov shows how White                  able t o defend, e.g. 17 ...
and easily, whilst a l s o de-    number           of    supporters.   can retain t h e advantage: 8            @dB 18 @d4+; o r 17 ... @eh
monstrating how o u t of          However, this idea sprang            de B h S 9 B b 5 0-0-0 10                18 &d4 0-0 19 Exh3! wins
place t h e advance f2-f4         t o prominence when Black            $xhS QxhS 11 Q c 4 Q b 4 (11             quickly; 17 ... @f8 18 gxh3!
now is. At one s t a g e this     was scoring well, and now            ... Q x f 3 12 gf Q d 4 13 Q d 3         (18 @xh6+ i s a l s o good) 18
counter-gambit was scor-          t h a t White seems able t o         QxfS+ 14 B f 2 i s good f o r            ... @xh3 19 @cS+. If Black
ing s o well        that     it   prove an advantage in                White) 12 Qd3! {Previously               goes t o t h e g-file he g e t s
prompted Rudolf Spiel-            practically every variation,         only 12 Q a 3 1 had been con-            mated and if he goes t o the
mann to write his tragic          there is no need t o decline         sidered, which allows Black              e-file he loses his rook.
article "From t h e deathbed      t h e gambit.                        a s t r o n g a t t a c k in return                5 Qxd3
of t h e King's Gambit". As                 3 ...          e4          for t h e pawn) 12 ... Qxd3+                 S @xd3 is equally good,
we shall see, this was cer-            3 ... c6 i s the Nimzowitsch    13 cd. Black cannot win                  a f t e r which Black has very
tainly a trifle premature.        Counter-Gambit (see chap-            back his pawn, a s t h e fol-            little play f o r t h e pawn, e.g
   On his f o u r t h move         t e r ten).                         lowing variation shows: 13               S ... Q f 6 6 Q c 3 (6 c4) 6 ...
White has tried several                  4    d3!       ed?!           ... Qxf3 14 gf Exd3 15 QeS!              Qe7 ( o r 6 ... Qc5 7 Qd2 0-0
136 Falk beer Coun ter-Gambit                                                                      Falkbeer Counter-Gambit 137
8 0-0-0 Qbd7 9 g3! with a                                                                           43 and 44.
good game for White in                                                                                     6   ...     @h4+
Stoltz - Marshall, Folke-                                                                              Black has t o take up the
stone 1933) 7 Qe3 followed                                                                          challenge o r he will end up
by 8 0-0-0.                                                                                         in an inferior position, e.g.
        S ...         @xdS                                                                          6 ... Qd6 7 Q f 3 0-0 8 Qd3
    Black grabs his chance t o                                                                      Xe8 9 0-0 Q f 6 10 QeS!?
restore material equality,                                                                          Qbd7 11 Q c 4 Q f 8 12 @hl
realising t h a t if he doesn't                                                                     with t h e better game for
do s o now he probably nev-                                                                         White (Glaskov).
er will. But there i s a price
t o b e paid f o r bringing o u t          8  ...     QxfS
t h e queen s o early. When                9 0-0       Qe3                    Game 42                   Of course, when Mikhail
you look a t the alternative,               0
                                           1 Qxe3 @xe3+                  Spaaeky - Matanovic        Tal had this position he
though, i t is hard t o criti-              1
                                           1 @hl       Qd6                  Belgrade 1964           was unable t o resist the
cise Black's choice: S ... Q f 6            2
                                           l Qf4!                                                   exchange sacrifice, but
6 Q c 3 Qe7 (6 ... QxdS 7              Combinations flow nat-                                       even he couldn't generate
Qb5+ is strong) 7 Q f 3 0-0 8       urally when you are far                                         enough compensation: 8
0-0 Q b d 7 9 Qc4 Q b 6 10          ahead in development and                                        hg?! @xhl 9 @e2 Qb4+ 10 c3
Qb3. The only way for               the opponent's king is still                                   Qd6 11 Qg2 @h6 12 Qd4+
Black t o g e t his pieces o u t    in the middle.                                                 @d8 13Qf3 Qg4 and Black's
is by 10 ... Qb4 b u t after 11            12 ...      0-0                                         play along the e-file and
Q e S Qxc3 12 bc Qbxd.5 13                 13 @hS      g6                                          extra      exchange      clearly
Qa3 Be8 14 @d4 White                    After 13 ... h6 14 nael                                    outweigh       any      random
stood clearly b e t t e r in        gives White a massive pos-                                     attacking chances White
 Keres - Lilienthal, Moscow         ition.                                                         might have (Tal - Trifu-
 1941.                                     14 Qxg6!                                                novic, Havana 1963).
        6 Qc3         @e6+              The    attack     crashe                                          8 ...         @e7
    Of course, 6 ... @xg2 7         through whilst the blacl                                           Of course, now that
Qe4 @g4 8 w x g 4 Qxg4 9            pieces stand and watch.                                        White has an extra tempo,
Qxb7 wins for White.                       14 ...      hg                                          i t would be quite foolhardy
         7 Q g e 2 Q h 6 (134)             IS Qxg6     fg                 S de!                    t o allow him to sacrifice
     Black also g o t into great           16 @xg6+ @h8                Experience has shown        the exchange by playing 8
 difficulties after 7 ... Q f 6 8          17 Q d S    gxfl+         this capture t o be t h e     ... @hS.
 0-0 @b6+ 9 a h 1 Qe7 10 @el,              18 E x f l  Be2           strongest in this position.          9 hg          %e3+
 Keres - Vidmar, Corr. 1936.               19 @h6+ Bg8                    S   ...       b e 4             10 @e2        @xe2+
         8 fS1                             20 Qf6+ (135)                  6 Qe3!?                      1 ... Qc.5 11 Q c 3 doesn't
                                                                                                        0
     This simple pawn sacrif-           Mate follows shortly: 20       White takes immediate       change t h e assessment.
 ice opens up further lines          ... @f7 21 @h7+ B e 6 (21 ...   control of the sensitive              1
                                                                                                          1 Qxe2 (137)
 and diagonals a s well as          @f8 22 B g 8 + @e7 23 Be8)       a7-gl diagonal, not even          So Black has managed t o
 gaining even more tempi             22 @g8+ and mate follows.       worrying about ... @h4+. 6    exchange       queens       and
 f o r the attack.                                      1-0          Qf3 can be seen in games      obtain the bishop pair. One
138 Falkbeer Counter-Gambi                                                                                        Falkbeer Counter-Gambit 139
would think he is over t h e                                                       17 ...         ad               s t a t e , e.g. 24 ... a x e 6 25 fe+
w o r s t - b u t t h i s i s by n o                                               1 gad+ a d 7
                                                                                    8                              @e7 26 Q e 3 E h 8 27 g 4 and
means t h e case f o r a num-                                                      19 c 4             f6           White's          knight is t h e
b e r of reasons:                                                              Black was, of course,               s t r o n g e s t piece o n t h e
     a) White has a useful                                                  worried a b o u t t h e e5-            board.
lead in development which                                                   square, b u t now he has ser-                    2 4 ...          b e 6
means t h a t he should g e t                                               iously weakened e6. He is                        25 fe+           Ex&!
f i r s t use of t h e open e-file.                                         relying o n his knight t o                       26 de+          he6
Note t h a t t h e rook o n hl i s                                          cover t h i s square from cS.
already well developed.                                                           2 0 @I4
     b) His dynamic pawn                                                       With t h e t h r e a t of 21 c5.
s t r u c t u r e gives him a firm                                                2 0 ...            b6
grip o n t h e centre.                     Now Black h a s t h e diff-            n fs!              QCS
     C) White's knights have           icult decision o f whether to              22 a h 4
s o m e fine s q u a r e s in t h e    leave his king in t h e centre         Black's position i s full of
c e n t r e to occupy, which           o r castle.                          holes.
means t h a t they a r e in n o                 16...         Ef8                 22 ...             gfe8 (139)
way inferior to t h e bishops.             This move w a s strongly
                                       criticised a f t e r t h e game,
                                       when i t was suggested t h a t
                                       by 16 ... 0-0 17 &4 E d 8
                                                                                                                      And now t h e point of
                                       Black could achieve an eq-                                                  Black's little trick is re-
                                       ual game. This does n o t                                                   vealed:        t h e knight      is
                                       seem to b e t h e case, how-                                                trapped and ... i3g7 i s going
                                       ever: 18 c 4 c6 19 EhS!                                                     to win back t h e piece.
                                       (It is always enjoyable t o
                                       develop a rook in this fash-                                                      28 QeS+ fe+
                                                                                                                         29 @xeS cS
                                       ion) 19 ... &6 20 d6 b6 21                                                     White still has slightly
                                       g d l a c 5 + 22 Ex&! b c 23                                               t h e b e t t e r of it, b u t t h e
                                       $ 3 ~ with a very good end-
                                               3                                The      culmination    of        weakness of his queenside
                                       game f o r White in Listen-          White's strategy. Taking              eases Black's defensive
a 4 p a 7 14 Qf3! gave                 garten - Kozlov, Baku 1977.          t h e rook would leave Black          task.
White t h e b e t t e r game in                 17 Q f 3                    in a near hopeless position:                 30 W S           Ege7
Vilner - Shukmann, Mos-                     With t h e black king in        23 ... a x e 6 24 fe+ $e7 25                 31 (gxgS g f 8
c o w 1977.                             t h e centre, t h i s is much       a f S + @f 8 26 c5!                          32 Xh2
    11 ... QcS! would have              stronger than Q e 4 . From                  23 ...        gS!                 This is passive, b u t 32
k e p t Black's disadvantage            f3, t h e knight has the                The b e s t chance.               Eh7+ @d6 33 Exa7 doesn't
to a minimum.                           choice of several good                      2 4 &6?                       really o f f e r any chances,
        12 Qc3         Qb4              squares and in f a c t t h e mai-       This i s careless, throw-         e.g. 33 ... E f 3 34 g 4 E c 3 35
        13 QgS!        me2              or p a r t of White's advan-        ing away m o s t of t h e             @fS E x c 4 36 g 5 n x c 2 37 gb
        14 axe2 Qxc3                    t a g e can be attributed to        advantage. Instead, 24 Qg2!           c 4 and Black has a dange-
        IS bc          h6               his superior minor piece.           leaves Black in a sorry               rous passed pawn of his
140 Falkbeer Counter-Gambit                                                                              Falkbeer Coun ter-Gambit 141
own.                               White's most popular                   Black's position is much        ( t o block the e-file) 13
      32   ...       @d6        and probably strongest                t o o loose to try t o exploit      ... Qxe3 14 @c4+ (Black-
      33 g 4         &@+        move in this position. 6 ...          the weak dark squares:              burne - Marco, Berlin 1897).
      34@f4          Ef8+       @h4+ is stopped and White                 a) 7 ... Qf2+ 8 @dl @xdS+
      35 @g3         @eS!       judges that the play on the           9 Qfd2 fS 10 Qc3 @d4 11
      36 Qe2+ @d4               a7-gl diagonal is not too             a x e 4 f e 12 c3 @e3. White
      37 gS          @xc4       dangerous.                            has a pawn if he wants i t ,
      38 @g4         @c3               6 ...        Qd                but 13 @hS+ promises much
   Black has enough count-         Other moves don't really           more.
erplay o n t h e queenside.     meet the demands of the                   b) 7 ... @xdS 8 Qfd2! is
      39 g6          c4         position:                            similar to 'a', and also very
      40 @gS         bS            a) 6 ... c6 7 Qbd2! Qxd2 8        good for White.
      41 g7                     Qxd2 @xdS 9 Qd3 with a                   C) 7 ... 0-0 should be
   And a t this point the       strong initiative for White.         answered by 8 @xe4 g e 8 9
players agreed to a draw,          b) 6 ... QfS 7 Qe3 c6 8           Q e S f6 10 Qd3 g6 1 @c4! 1                 9 Qe3!       Qxc3
a s after 41 ... g g 8 42 @g6   Qc4 b5 9 Q b 3 cS 10 d6! c4 11       and White's position is                 9 ... Qxe3 is the subject
a5 43 @f7 nxg7+ 44 @xg7         @dS Q d 7 12 &xfS Q x d 6 13         clearly preferable.                  of the next game.
b4 45 @f6 a 4 the outcome       @dS and White stands                     d) 7 ... fS has a l s o been        The attempt to avoid
is apparent.                    clearly better, Alekhine -           seen, b u t after 8 Qe3 @xdS         simplification with 9 ... Qb4
                       Wh       Tarrasch, S t Petersburg             9 QxcS @xcS 10 Q c 3 White           isn't very good for Black.
                                1914.                                had obtained t h e b e t t e r       e.g. 1 Q d 4 (10 Qd2 also
                                                                                                                  0
          Game 43                      7 @e2 (142)                   position (Spielmann - Wolf,          gives White some advant-
                   -
       Bronsteln Tal               7 Qd3 was recommended             Dusseldorf 1908).                    age) 10 ... 0-0 11 0-0-0 g e 8
           Riga 1968            long ago by Tartakower                   e) 7 ... @e7 is also well        (11 ... Qxc3 12 Qxc3 @c5
                                and although i t seems good          met by 8 Qe3!. White                 meets an elegant refutat-
       1   e4          eS       for White, nobody appears            achieved a clear advantage           ion: 13 Qxg7! @xg7 14 Q h 4 )
       2   f4          dS       t o have heard him. After 7          in t h e game Arnason - D'           12 a x e 4 (12 @bS also looks
       3   ed          e4       ... Q f 2 8 @e2+ @e7 9 E f l         Arnore, Groningen 1980/81,           good) 12 ... Qxe4 13 QeS Qg6
       4   d3          Q f6     Qxd3+ 10 cd @xe2+ 11 a x e 2         after 8 ... Qxe3 9 @xe3 Q d 7        14 @c4 and White is a pawn
       S   de          axe4     White has the better game.           10 Q b d 2 Qdf6 I1 Q x e 4           up (Sembukhov - Brichkor,
       6   Q f 3 (141)                                               a x e 4 12 0-0-0 0-0 13 Qd3.         USSR Corr. 1985/86).
                                142
                                                                 I
                                                                             8 Qc3                               10 QxcS QxeZ
141                              B                                       In t h e game t h a t s o de-           1 Qxe7 Qxf4
                                                                                                                  1
B                                                                    pressed        Spielmann,      he           12 Qd!       Qd7
                                                                     played 8 g 4 ? against Tar-             After 12 ...Q xdS 13 0-0-0
                                                                     rasch in Ostrau 1923. After          c6 14 &S!, the threat of
                                                                     8 ... 0-0 9 gf Be8 Black had         Eel+ is very hard t o meet.
                                                                     an enormous attack.                         13 0-0-0 a e 4
                                                                             8  ...       @a7 (143)          Unfortunately for Black,
                                                                         8 ... 0-0 is unsound: 9          13 ... 0-0-0 comes up
                                                                     Q x e 4 E e 8 10 Q e S Qxe4 11       against a strange refuta-
                                                                     &xe4 f6 12 d6! @xd6 13 Qe3!          tion: 14 Ed4! Q g 6 IS g4!
142 Falkbeer Counter-Gambit                                                                                                Falkbeer Counter-Gam bit 143
                                                                                                                             position       of   his      king,
                                                                                                                             White's advantage begins
                                                                                                                             t o look serious.
                                                                                                                                    12   ...      fie4
                                                                                                                                O r 12 ... Qxc2 13 @d2 &6
                                                                                                                             (or 13 ... QfS 14 Eel+ @f6 15
                                                                                                                            a d 4 Qd7 16 h3 with king-
                                                                                                                            side expansion to follow)
                                                                                            Game 44                         14 Eel+ a d 6 15 a d 4 (15
                                                                                       Banglev - Gutgarch                   QgS!? looks interesting).
                                                                                       USSR Corr. 198S/87                   Black's position is m o s t
                                                                                                                            unsatisfactory. The only
           s
          1 g3!7                                                                                                            t w o pieces he has suc-
    15 gel+ looks simple and                                                                                                ceeded in getting off t h e
s t r o n g (15 ... Q e 6 16 c4), b u t             24 Qc77                                                                 back rank are both in ser-
Bronstein was dreaming of                     Incredibly,         Bronstein                                                 ious trouble: IS ... @xdS
t h e brilliancy prize.                   fails to play 24 E e l which                                                      fails to 16 f 5 Qh5 17 g4, 18
          IS ...          Qxhl            wins o n t h e s p o t (24 ... Q f 6                                              &2+ and 19 Qxb7; 15 ... Q d 7
          16 gf            cS             25 QxcS) .                                                                        allows 16 Qb5+, so Black
    To stave off immediate                          24...          d
                                                                  a8                                                        has to try something like 15
disaster, Black has to close                        25 Qxg7+ @f6                                                            ... h5, b u t then 16 f 5 Qh7 17
t h e a348 diagonal.                                26 gf7+       @g6                                                       xbl! forces ... b6 which
          17 Q c 4        Qc6                       27 Be7        Qf6                                                       makes i t extremely difficult
           8
          1 axf7           bS                        28 Q e 6     Ec8                                                       for Black to develop.
          19 Qd6+                                   29 b31                                                                         13 QgS!
     Of course, White should                   Of course, with t w o                                                            13 c4? Q x f 3 14 gf Q d 7
n o t b e side-tracked by 19              pawns f o r t h e exchange                                                        only leads to equality.
Qxh8.                                     and a strong attack, White                                                                1 ...
                                                                                                                                     3            Qxc~!   7
          19 ...           @e7            s t i l l has an extremely good                                                       Black i s willing t o waste
          20 Q x b S Ehf871               position.                                                                         a tempo in order to play
     Black's b e s t choice was                      29...        QhS                                                       lines similar t o t h o s e in t h e
 probably 2 0 ... QxbS 21                            30 Q g S     QdS                                                       twelfth move note b u t with
QxbS g h d 8 . White doesn't                         31 Qd3+ a h 6                                                          White's knight o n t h e infe-
 have to cash in with Qxd7                           32 Qb2                                                                 rior gS-square.
 and Qxc5+ which gives                         White's pair of bishops                                                          The alternative is 13 ...
 Black         decent        drawing      are truly dominant. Tal                    This is a critical posi-               QxdS, a f t e r which 14 0-0-O!
 chances; instead he can                  could have resigned here.              tion f o r t h e a s s e s s m e n t of    gives White t h e b e t t e r
 keep u p t h e pressure, per-                       32...        c4             t h e Falkbeer. Although                   game, e.g.
 haps with 22 b3!?. The t e x t                      33 QfS       c3             Black is s u r e to g e t his                  a) 14 ... Qxa2 15 c 4 b5 16
 allows White to improve                             3 4 Qxc8 cb+                pawn back, he will w a s t e               c b a6 17 Qd3!? (Glaskov re-
 t h e position of his knight,                       35 @xb2 g x h 2             time in doing so and when                  commends 17 @b2) 17 ...
 with devastating effect.                            36 Exa7      gf2            you add t h i s to t h e weak              ab?! 18 g h e l + Qe6 (There is
144 Falkbeer Coun ter-Gambit                                                                                 Falkbeer Coun ter-Gambit 145

no s q u a r e f o r t h e king) 19    C) 15 ... a d 7 16 Q d 3 f6 17     venting any ideas of g5 a n d        his attacking chances.
fS@f6 20 f e @xgS 21 ef g f 8      h e 6 with a clear advantage.          @g6; o r 27 a h e l , with t h e           27   ...    @xf 6
22 Be8 a n d White s o o n won               16 QbS!?                     idea of a e 8 , b o t h look               2 8 J3c7    Ehc8
in Foune - Mathieu, Corr.              White finds an interest-           strong.                                    29 Xfl+     @eS
1985.                              ing way to create attacking                 25 a e 7 (148)                    29 ... @g6 30 gcf7! leaves
   b) 14 ... Qe6 15 Q x e 6 (IS    chances. 16 g 4 a l s o looks                                               Black in a-mating net.
Q d 3 a l s o l o o k s tempting,  good.                                                                             30 Qd3+ @6
but t h e t e x t does guarantee             16 ...        c6                                                         1
                                                                                                                     3 Bh7       gf8
a c l e a r advantage) 15 ... f e            17 fS!                                                                  32 cS+      @dS
16 Q c 4 g f 8 (16 ... Q d 7 17        This i s t h e point behind                                                   33 ge7!        gae8
Qxe6) 17 a h e l g f 6 18 fS!      White's previous move. The                                                       34 g f e l        Bxe7
with a g o o d g a m e f o r       black bishop i s forced t o                                                      35 E x e 7 Qe6
White.                             hS, as a f t e r 17 ... Q x f 5 18                                           Black h a s just managed
   C ) 14 ... c6 15 c 4 Q e 6 16   Hhfl g6 19 g 4 White should                                                to avoid g e t t i n g mated, b u t
Q d 3 with t h r e a t s of g h e lwin.                                                                       now h e i s going t o lose all
and fS.                                      17 ...        Qhs                                                his pawns.
   d ) 14 ... Hd8 IS c 4 Qe6 16              18 dc         Qxc6                 25   ...        ah717               36 Qb4+           @eS
g x d 8 @xd8 17 Q x e 6 + f e 18             19 Qxc6       bc               25 ... Q h 5 26 h 4 i s very            37 Qxc6+ @f6
Q d 3 h6 19 Eel! 83d7 20 Be3                 20 c 4                       bad so Black preferred to                 38 a x a 7 QdS
a c 6 21 g g 3 a n d White wins        White c r e a t e s a s a f e      connect his r o o k s and hope            39 E a 6         Qxg2
(Korchnoi and Zak).                s q u a r e f o r his king. His        to survive t h e coming                   40 Qd4+ B e 7
         14 @d2          Leg6      advantage s p r i n g s from           onslaught.                                41 n x h 6 Ba8
         15 gel+(147)              Black's t o t a l lack of co-                26 g x f 7 + @g6                    42 Xg6
                                   ordination.                                  27 &7+!                             43 g x g S Qh3
                                             20 ...        g6               White f o r c e s Black t o             4 4 Qc2          @f6
                                       Black's bishop will now            take t h e f-pawn with his                45 EhS           QfS
                                   r e t u r n to t h e game, b u t his   king, in o r d e r t o improve            46 Q b 4          1-0
                                   kingside remains in a
                                   tangle. if instead 20 ... h6,
                                    White gains a clear advan-
                                   t a g e by 21 h e 4 f 6 22 @c3
                                   Q f 7 23 QcS.
                                              21 f 6       h6
                                              22 h e 4     a 4
        is      ...  af8                      23 &c3       F8g
   O t h e r moves s e e m t o b e            24 Qc5       g5
even worse:                             Bangiev recommends 24
   a) 15 ... @d6 16 fS!             ... @h7 25 Xe7 g h f 8 26 h3
   b) 15  ... @f6 16 g4! B d 8 17 &8 as being only slightly
c 4 c 6 18 Q h 3 and Black is in b e t t e r f o r White. This
serious danger of being s e e m s very generous to-
mated.                              wards Black: 27 h4!?, pre-
                                                                                                         Nimzo witsch Coun ter-Gambit 147
                                                                           0-0 0-0 9 Q a 3 Q g 4 10 Q c 4           away with 8 ... a x e s ) 9 Q c 4
                                                                           Qc7 with a n unclear posi-              H a 5 10 Qf3 Q g 4 11a d 6 + and
                                                                           tion, very similar t o game              White had t h e advantage,
                                                                           31.                                      Opocensky - Johner, Ba-
10) Nimzowitsch Counter-Gambit                                                 4 H e 2 leads to a roughly
                                                                           level game a f t e r 4 ... cd! S f e
                                                                                                                   den-Baden 1914.
                                                                                                                              6 d4
                                                                           (5 Hxe5+ Q e 7 6 H x g 7 Q f 6               6 Q f 3 i s sensible a f t e r
                                                                           wins t h e queen; 6 Q f 3 is            which 6 ... d 4 7 Q e 4 tran-
                                                                           b e t t e r when Black h a s            s p o s e s t o t h e above note.
                                     identical pawn structure.             s o m e compensation f o r t h e                  6   ...             @h4+
                                     This pawn s t r u c t u r e is, of    pawn) S ... Q c 6 6 Q f 3 Q g 4 7                  7 g3                $xd4
                                     course, what compensates             '&f2!? Q x f 3 8 gf Qe7 (8 ...                      8 Qf4!              Qb4!
                                     f o r Black's active pieces.         a x e s 9 d 4 Q c 6 10 Q c 3 Q e 7            Black, correctly, doesn't
                                     White's 4-2 majority on t h e         11 Q f 4 with good play f o r           try to keep his weak d-
                                     queenside should guarantee            White) 9 H e 2 Qh4+ 10 @dl              pawn b u t instead makes
                                     him a large advantage in             a h 6 and, according t o Ban-            s u r e t h a t White's pawn
                                     any endgame.                         giev, t h e position is level.           s t r u c t u r e is n o t t o o healthy.
                                         I should mention t h a t                4    ...        cd                          9 Bxd4
                                     t h e sudden rise in popular-            More common is 4 ... e f ,               9 Qe2 is dubious, e.g. 9
                                     ity o f this variation coin-          which will b e t h e subject of         ... @e4! 10 Bgl a x e 5 11 &2
                                     cided with t h e publication          subsequent games.                      Qf3+ 12 Q x f 3 (12 @f2 QcS+)
                                     of a couple of good wins                    S fe           Qd!?              12 ... B x f 3 13 H d 2 Q e 7 with
                                     f o r Black in t h e trend-              More usual i s S ... d 4 6          a t least equality f o r Black.
   In recent times, t h i s de-      setting Informator (so you           Qe4 HdS ( 6 ... Q c 6 7 Q f 3                      9  ...              &d4
fence h a s risen f r o m            know what you have t o               H d 5 8 Q f 2 QfS 9 Q d 3 Qg6                      10 0-0-0 Qxc3
obscurity to virtual poll            study if you s p o t wins for         10 0-0 and Black had noth-                        1 bc
                                                                                                                               1                 4361
position a m o n g s t t h e de-     Black in there). Let's have a         ing to show f o r t h e pawn                For s o m e reason, 1 had
fences to t h e King's Gam-          look at s o m e games.                in Teichmann - Marshall,               expected 11 ... Q e 6 , b u t t h e
bit. This is n o t so surpris-                                            Baden-Baden 1914) 7 Q d 3 (7            t e x t i s much better. From
ing as t h e Nimzowitsch is                   Game 45                     d 3 is interesting. The game            c6 t h e knight attacks t h e
very modern in outlook:                Gallagher - Milovanovic            Boudre - Flear, Pau 1988,               e-pawn,               prevents         an
Black i s n o t interested in a          Liechtenstein 1990               continued: 7 ... Q c 6 8 Q f 3          annoying check o n bS and
pawn b u t prefers active                                                 Q x e S 9 Qe2 fS?! 10 Q e d 2           doesn't g e t in t h e way of
piece play. After t h e moves               1    e4        eS             &4 11 Q c 4 b 5 12 h 3 b c 13           t h e bishop.
4 Qc3 ef S Q f 3 Qd6 6 d 4                  2    f4        dS             hg f g 14 d c H d 6 15 0-O! with                  12 g x d S a g e 7
Q e 7 7 d c Q b x c 6 w e arrive              3  ed        c6             good attacking chances f o r                        3
                                                                                                                            1 ad6                Qe6
in t h e main line of t h i s var-            4 Qc31                      White; 7 H e 2 has a l s o been                   14 Qf3
iation. If you have already             4 d c falls in with Black's       suggested b u t a f t e r 7 ...              The e x t r a pawn isn't so
studied t h e chapter o n t h e      plans. The game Ree -                Qc6 8 Q f 3 Q g 4 9 c 4 H a 5           important, b u t Black does
Modern Defence you will              S h o r t , Wijk aan Zee 1986,       Black h a s a good game) 7 ...          have s o m e weak squares in
notice certain similarities          continued 4 ... Q x c 6 S Qb5        a c 6 8 H e 2 Q h 6 (maybe              his camp f o r White to
including, sometimes, an             ef 6 Q f 3 Qd6 7 d 4 Q e 7 8         Black should try t o g e t              occupy. Nevertheless, with
148 Nimzowitsch Counter-Gambit                                                                              Nimicowitsch Counter-Gambit 149
accurate play Black should             t h e question: 21 ... Q x d 4 22               36   ...      @d8?7       met 1990 continued: 6 ...
be a b l e to hold t h e balance.      Qb4+ @d7 23 g f 7 + @c6 24                      37   Qxc6                 Qd6 7 QxdS @as+ 8 Q c 3
         14 ...        h67                                                        ... and   Black can't recap- Qf6? (8 ... Q e 7 is better) 9
   This gives White t h e                                                       .ure.                            QbS+ Qd7 10 @e2+ a d 8 (10
time h e requires to launch                    23 Qb4?
                                          I missed a very simple
                                                                                      37    ...      Exd6        ... S f 8 is more solid) 11 0-0
a s t r o n g attack.                                                                 38    ed       bc          E e 8 12 QeS! Qxe5 (Black
         1s Q d 4 l Q x d 4            win here. After 23 QxfS                        39    Exc6     Xxh2        can try 12 ... Qc6, b u t a f t e r
         16 cd         QfS             ExfS 24 XxfS ef 25 Qb4! the
                                                               ..
                                                                                      40    nxa6     gS          13 a x f 7 + @c7 14 @c4 Qe6
   Black had l i t t l e choice        pawns a r e unstoppable.                       41    Ea7      hS          White h a s a dashing queen
b u t to accept t h e offer.                   23 ...        Qe7                      42    Eg7      g4          sacrifice: 15 Qxd6! Q x c 4 16
         17 QbS+ Bf8 (150)                     24 de+        axe6                     43    a4       Eh3        a x c 4 @b4 17 Qxf4+ @d8 18
   If 17 ... B e 7 t h e n 18 dS!              2S Qc4+ @d7                            44    as       Exg3       Qd6!) 13 d e Qc6 14 Qxf4.
Qc8 19 g e l with very good                    26 g d l +    Be8                      45    a6       Ee3         My opponent glanced a t his
play f o r White.                              27 E d 6                               46    a7       1-0        watch and decided to call it
                                          White still has fine com-                                             a day.
                                       pensation f o r t h e exchange,                     Game 46                       6 d4            Qf6
                                       b u t Black can now a t least                 Ermenko - Kurguz               6 ... Q e 7 is t h e subject of
                                       play actively with his                           Corr. 1982/83           games 47-50.
                                       rooks.                                                                            7 @e2+
                                               27 ...        gc8                                                    This check comes a t an
                                               28 Qe6        Qfl+                                               awkward           moment        for
                                               29 @b2        Ed8                                                Black. As in o t h e r var-
                                               30 Qc4!                                                          iations of t h e King's Gam-
                                           If 30 Ebb Q d 5 .                                                   bit, Black has to choose
                                                30 ...       Xf2                                               between a slightly unpleas-
          18 g x e 6                            31 m 6       gd7                                               a n t endgame, o r losing t h e
     White could a l s o leave             31 ... Qd5 would have                                               right to castle.
t h e rook o n d6 and g e t a          l o s t now to 32 Ee6+ e f 7 33                                                  7     ...        @e7
s t r o n g passed pawn in re-         gd6!                                                                         After 7 ... @f8, White
t u r n f o r t h e exchange, b u t             32 Qb3       Qc6                                               should play 8 QeS! and
t h e a t t a c k along t h e f-file            33 Qa4                                                         now:
looked even better.                        White threatens 34 Exb7                                                 a) 8 ... c d 9 Q x f 4 a c 6 10
          18...         fe                                                                                     @f2 (10 0-0-0 Qxe5 11 d e
          19 Efl!                                                                                              Q g 4 12 @d2 Qxdl 13 ef QhS
     Indirectly defending t h e                                                                                14 fg+ a x g 7 15 Qh6+ &g8 16
d-pawn and threatening g4.                                                           S ...          Qd6        $xd5 Qg6 17 Q c 4 with
          19...         a6                      36 &a4                           S ... Q f 6 6 d 4 Qd6 trans- advantage             to      White,
     Black makes e8 available              I was in extreme            time    poses; 5 ... cd 6 d 4 leaves according to Glaskov) 10 ...
 f o r his king.                        trouble here, which             ex-    Black unable t o defend his &4?! (10 ... @e7 H 0-0-0
          20 Qd3        @e7             plains my opponent's            att-   f-pawn in a satisfactory a x e 5 12 d e QxeS 13 Qxe5
          21 Qd21 a d 7                 e m p t t o play f o r a win   with    manner (6 ... g5 7 h4). Gal- @xe5 14 Q x d S a x d S 15 @cS+
     Taking o n d 4 was o u t of                                               \agher - Barczay, Kecske- @e7 is only a little b e t t e r
150 Nirnzowitsch Counter-Ga rnbit                                                                 Nirnzo witsch Counter-Gambit 151

f o r White) 11 Q x g 4 Qxg4 12     Black now has:                         The respective pawn            Qd3. White has the super-
Qd3 (The simple 12 Qe2                 a) 9 ...QfS 10 0-0 (10 Q e 5    structures offer        White      ior bishop.
would have emphasised the           is interesting and led t o an      slightly t h e better chances,               13 c3
frailty of Black's position,        extremely quick win in             but he has t o take care n o t         White defends d 4 in
e.g. 12 ... Qxf 4 13 e x f 4 Qxe2   Gallagher - Schmutz, Bern          t o exchange off t h e wrong       order t o develop his bishop
14 a x e 2 @e7 IS 0-O! and          1990, after 10 ... ge8?! 11        pieces. For example, in a          to d3.
Black has a weak d-pawn             0-0 Qxc2 12 Qxf7! bS 13            rook     endgame,      Black's              13...           aac8
and a misplaced king) 12 ...        Q x d 6 @xd6 14 Qxf4+Qd7 1.5       pawn would be hardly weak              13 ... QxeS 14 de Qc5 15
Qxf4 13 e x f 4 h5 14 0-0 and       dc+ 1-0) 10 ... Qxc2 (10 ... cd    a t all and h e would have a      &S+ causes Black pro-
White has t h e b e t t e r game,   11QxdS+ QxdS 12 QxdS a c 6         ready-made minority a t t -        blems, a s after IS ... f6 16
Gallagher - Nemet, Suhr             13 c 3 left Black with a very      ack. White should try t o          ef+ gf 17 Qf4, White has
1990.                               weak f-pawn in Cheremisin          ensure t h a t the light-          two pawn islands against
    b) 8 ... QxdS occurred in       - Abelman, Moscow 1956) 11         squared bishops remain on          four f o r Black.
Gallagher - Fedorov, Sa-            Eel+ @f8 12 dc! Qxc6 and           the board as his is clearly                 14 Qxc6+
Verne 1990. After 9 Q x d S cd      now either 13 Q b S Qb8 14         the superior piece.                    White decides that it is
10 Qxf4 e c 7 11 e f 2 Q c 6 12     Q e S o r 13 Q e 5 QxeS 14 de                                         time t o clarify the situa-
Q d 3 Qxf4 13 Q x f 4 Qg4 14        QcS+ 15 @fl lead t o a                                                tion.
Qe2! E e 8 15 0-0 Qxe2 16           White advantage (Glaskov).                                                     14...           bc
a x e 2 an almost identical            b) 9 ... bS! (Black imme-                                             14 ... nxc6 1s Qxd6+ Bxd6
position t o t h e twelfth          diately attacks those pieces                                         16 Qd3 is another possibili-
move note in 'a' had arisen.        which exert control over                                             ty -
White has a clear advan-            dS) 10 Qb3 b4 11 Q e 2 QxdS                                                    1S Qxd6+ Qxd6
tage.                               12 QxdS cd 13 Qxf4 Qa6 14                                                      16 Qd3          cS?!
       8 @xe7+ @xe7 (152)           Qxd6+ @xd6 15 &3 (15 Q f 4                                               Black          was    obviously
                                    would have offered better                                            worried about White fixing
                                    chances of an edge) 1S ...                                           his pawns on light squares,
                                                                                                                                -
                                    Ee8+ 16 @d2 Q c 6 17 Rae1 g6               11 ...         Qc6        b u t - a f t e r 16 ... c5 white's
                                    18 g x e 8 Exe8 19 g e l a x e l       11 ... f 6 is also known to   advantage becomes even
                                    20 @xel f6 with an equal           tournament practice. After        more marked.
                                    endgame in J. Polgar -             12 a d 3 Q c 6 13 0-0-0 Qxf4+              17 dc+           QxcS
                                    Breim, Reykjavik 1988.             14 Q x f 4 @d6, White can                  18 Qc2
                                            9  ...      QxdS           obtain t h e better chances          The d4-square is very
                                       9 ... QfS can be met by 10      with IS Qe2 QfS (otherwise        suitable f o r a white rook,
                                    Qc4 transposing t o 'a' in         this bishop will remain           from where i t will be able
                                    the previous note, o r by 10       passive) 16 Qf3 Qe4 17 c4!        t o keep an eye on all parts
      9 QeS                         Qxf 4 Qxc2 11 @d2! Qe4 12 dc       a x f 3 18 cS+.                   of the board. The bishop is
  9 Qc4, with t h e idea of         Q x c 6 13 Eel Qb4 14 QgS and              12 0-0-0 Qe6              also well placed on c2
preventing    Black    from         Black       loses     material        The game Skrobek - Sy-         where it has the option of
obtaining a pawn in the             (Korchnoi). The text is            dor, Polish Ch 1978 led t o       switching diagonals t o b3,
centre and t o create some          more logical.                      a slight edge f o r White         increasing the pressure on
threats against f7, is an                   10 QxdS+ cd                after 12 ... f 6 13 Qxc6+ bc 14   d5.
interesting     alternative.                1 Qxf4 (153)
                                             1                         g e l + Qe6 15 Qxd6+ @xd6 16            18   ...        aS
152 Nimzowitsch Counter-Ga                                                                            Nimzowitsch Counter-Gambit 153
          19 E d 4      Qd7                                                                                    more critical.
    Black manoeuvres his                                                                                                7...        Qbxc6
bishop around to c6 in                                                                                                  8 dS?!
order to create s o m e count-                                                   Game 47                           Although this advance is
erplay o n t h e e-file.                                                   Spassky - Zsu. Polgar              extremely         tempting,   if
          20 g h d l    Qc6                                                    Wellington 1988                Black plays accurately s h e
          21 b4+?l                                                                                            should b e able to exploit
     Of course, if Black takes                                                                                t h e weakness of t h e dark
o n b4, t h e connected                                                                                       squares.
passed pawns will decide                                                                                           8 Q c 4 will be seen later
t h e outcome. However, 21                                                                                    and 8 Q e 4 should trans-
b4+ d o e s rather r u s h things                                                                            pose (to 8 Qc4). 8 Q d 3 is a
and a more measured                         29 @?a31                                                          speciality of t h e Canadian
approach, involving soft-               White creates mating                                                  master ~ a w r e n c e Day. In
ening u p t h e black king-         chances by covering t h e                                                his game against Schulte,
side, would probably have           b4-square, and if 29 ... Ea8+                                            Toronto 1988, Black found
been better.                        t h e n 30 B b 4 and White                                               an interesting queen man-
           ...
           21            ebb        hopes t h a t t h e pin on the
                                    c-file combined with t h e
                                                                                                             oeuvre: 8 ... Q g 4 9 Q e 2
           22 ba+        @xaS                                                                                                       1
                                                                                                             Qxf3 10 gf @as+ 1 c 3 Bg5.
           23 Qb3                   outside passed pawn will                                                 Now White decided to eva-
     Black h a s now l o s t his    give him s o m e winning                                                 cuate his king to t h e
d-pawn, s o it's time t o           chances.                                                                 queenside with 12 @d2!?.
activate.                                   29 ...         fS                                                The position is very comp-
           ...
           23            nhe8           This blunders away a                                                 licated b u t Black's chanc-
           2 4 Bid2                 pawn. Black should have                 In t h i s way Black rules       e s shouldn't be worse.
     Not 24 QxdS Qa4!, b u t 24     played 29 ... f6.                   o u t t h e annoying check o n                 8...        Qb4
@b2 looks b e s t as i t should             30 n b 4 + @a7             e2 - his advantage i s on t h e                9 Q c 4 (156)
 save a tempo o n t h e text.            30 ... @?a6 31 g c S threa-   kingside, so i t i s natural t o          9 QbS+ looks logical, b u t
           ...
           24            Be3        t e n s Qc4.                       avoid t h e queen exchange            a f t e r 9 ... Qd7 10 Qxd7+
     Black keeps in t h e game              31 BcS         Qb7         t h a t normally occurs a f t e r     B x d 7 11 0-0 Rd8! Black has
 by counter-attacking ag-                    32 Has+ Qd                this check.                           a good came.
 a i n s t t h e white pawns.                33 BxfS                             7 dc
           25 @b2        @b6             With an e x t r a pawn and        7 Q c 4 will b e seen later.
           26 c4!?                   t h e more active rooks, the      7 Q d 3 i s interesting and
     White gives u p trying t o      win is assured. The re-           a f t e r 7 ... 0-0 8 0-0 Q x d S 9
 win t h e d-pawn and instead        maining moves were: 33 ...        Q x d S cd 10 Q e 5 Q c 6 11
 hopes to take advantage of          BcS 34 Ef7+ B8c7 35 n b f 4       a x c 6 b c 12 &f4 White had
 t h e exposed position of t h e    Qb7 36 g 3 gxf7?! 37 Exf7          t h e upper hand in J. Polgar
 black king. 26 a b 4 + was          g g 5 38 Qc2 @b6 39 Qxh7          -   S. Jackson, Thessaloniki
 l e s s committal.                  gas+40 @b4 x x a 2 41 h4 g5       1988. I t is quite possible
            ...
            26            dc         42 hS Qc6 43 QfS Ra4+ 44
                                     @b3 BcS 45 h6 g a 8 46 Xc7
                                                                       t h a t Black's play can be
                                                                       improved; 7 ... cd looks
            27 g x c 4 Be7
154 Nimzowitsch Counter-Ga                                                                              Nimzowitsch Counter-Gambit 155

       9    ...         QfS            is well met by 10 ... QcS!.           has t h e b e t t e r game.      @g6!. I t turns o u t t h a t
   9 ... 0-0 i s a l s o very sen-     e.g.                                         14  ...          Qc7      a f t e r t h e queen is captured
sible and after 10 a3 Black               a) 11 a3 Qxd4 12 ab @b6 13           14 ... Q h 4 IS @d3!           White's knight is trapped
has t h e fascinating poss-            Q x f 4 0-0 and White's king                 IS QfZ!                   and t h a t 29 g h 8 + @xh8 30
ibilty 10 ... bS!. This has            won't be able t o find a safe           This forces some fa-          Qxg6 g d 8 31 Q e S e2 wins
been extensively analysed              haven.                                vourable exchanges.              f o r Black.
by t h e American master                  b) 11 a x f 5 Q x f 5 12 Qxf4            IS   ...          Qxf 3              20 ...        e2!?
Mike Valvo and he employ-              (12 @e2+ Qe3!) 12 ... @e7+!                 16 @xf3 Q e 3                        21 g x e 2    gxe2
ed this move t o beat Deep             with good attacking chan-                   17 Qxe3           fe                 22 @xe2 @xdS
Thought (maybe computers               ces.                                        18 Qg4            @gS                2s ~ b s
aren't s o terrible if they                                                         19 xael                       White's pieces are b e t t e r
play t h e King's Gambit!): 11                                                  Of course 19 a x e 3 is bad co-ordinated and he has
Qb3 (Gone a r e t h e days                                                   because of 19 ... Qb6.          attacking chances against
when a computer used t o                                                            19  ...     A
                                                                                                -a e 8        f7.
g r a b everything t h a t was                                                      20 @hi                              23 ...        @d7
offered. The game Hoyes -                                                       If Black defends her                    24 QeS        QxeS
Gild. Garcia, New York 1987,                                                 pawn with 20 ... Qb6 then 21               25 @xeS Qc7
saw t h e human take t h e                                                  Qa4! i s annoying, e.g. 21 ...             26 h3?!
bait with 11 Qxb5 (11 Q x b S                                               Be7 22 d6 g e 6 23 Q b 3 g x d 6     26 Ed1 was more accur-
Q b x d 5 i s very dangerous                                                 (1S8).                          ate.
f o r White) 11 ... Q b x d 5 12                                                                                       26 ...         @c8?
Q x d 5 Qxd.5 13 Qc6 Qa6 14                  10    ...        0-07                                               This move is quite in-
@xdS g e 8 + 15 @dl Qe2+ 16                Black misses her chance;                                          explicable. 26 ... Q e 6 had t o
@d2 Qc4 17 Qxa8 Qxd5 18                unfortunately "the doc" did                                           be played with good draw-
Qxd5 Qb4+ 0-1. However,                not do s o against me: 1 ...  0                                       ing chances.
this game i s not a s smooth           @b6! 11 a 3 Q a 6 12 @d4 QcS!                                                   27 @e7!       93h8
a s i t appears. In f a c t 17         13 0-0 0-0 14 a h 1 Qd3! with                                             Now it's t o o late f o r 27
Q x a 8 is a dreadful blunder          t h e b e t t e r game f o r Black                                    ... Q e 6 a s 28 g x f 7 wins.
as 17 @d4! QeS 18 gel!! wins           in Gallagher - Nunn, Bays-                                                      28 x x f 7     axf7
f o r White. Therefore Black           water 1987.                                                                     29 Qxf7
should have played 14 ...                      1
                                              1 0-0                                                              Often queen and knight
@e7+ 15 H e 4 @xe4+ 16 Qxe4                White is now ready t o              Now 2 4 Q x e 3 gives work b e t t e r than queen and
a a e 8 with t h e b e t t e r game)   play moves s u c h a s Q d 4 ,       White a slight advantage; bishop in t h e ending, b u t
11 ... a a 6 12 Q x b 5 B a s + 13     and then t o try t o pick up         24 @xf7+!? is dangerous, this is certainly not the
Q c 3 Q c S 14 Qa2 Qa6! IS b 4         t h e f4-pawn.                       b u t Black appears t o have case here. Apart from
$3~7 16 bc g f e 8 17ae2@xcS.                  11  ...     a 4              adequate defensive resour-       Black's chronically weak
 Black has sufficient com-                     12 Q e 4    QfS              ces, e.g. 24 ... Hxf7 25 n x f 7 back row, her knight is tot-
 pensation f o r t h e piece and               13 c3       0 6              g d S 26 Ref1 hS! ( t h e only ally dominated by the bish-
 he eventually won on move                     14 Qc2                       way t o avoid mate) 27 Ef8+ op.
 48.                                       Now t h a t White's bishop       (27 g7fS @xg4 28 QxdS+                     29 ...        b6
        10 Qb3 (157)                   has been re-routed t o a             Qh7 29 h3 @e2 g e t s no-                  30 b 4        aS
     10 Qd4 looks natural b u t        more pleasant diagonal, he           where) 27 ... @h7 28 Qc2+                  3 bS!
                                                                                                                        1            h6
156 Nimzowitsch Counter-Gambi t                                                                    Nimzowitsch Counter-Gambit 157
  Not 31 ... QxbS 32 Qe8!      pin is the only way for               solidify d 4 by playing c3.            kingside will be reduced
     32 a 4       ad           Black to put any real pres-           However, 10 Q e 2 also de-             and eventually         White's
     33 Qe6        @b8         sure on the white position.           serves attention, e.g. 10 ...          queenside pawn majority
  Black has almost been        Other moves lead t o a bet-          Q g 6 11 c 3 Qce7?! (11 ... @c7         will come into its own.
pushed off t h e edge of the   t e r game f o r White:               looks better) 12 &S! @c7                       13 ...       Be8
board.                             a) 9 ... Qf5 10 Qh4! (This        13 @b3 Q c 6 14 Qxf7+! Xxf7                Illescas considered this
     34 QdS        Qc7         emphasises the weakness              15 @xf7+ @xf7 16 Q x f 7 @xf7           t o be a serious error,
     35 Qc6        $9~8        of f4) 10 ... g c 8 (10 ... Bb6       17 Q x f 4 with advantage t o          offering instead 13 ... g5 as
     36 c 4       ad           can be met by 11 QdS! as
                               after 11 ... @xd4+ 12 e x d 4
                                                                     White, Podgorny - Sevecek,
                                                                    Corr. 1986.
                                                                                                            unclear. However, Mikhal-
     37 @b7        exb7                                                                                    chishin pointed o u t in his
     38 Qxb7 Q c 7             Q x d 4 13 Qxe7+ Qxe7 14                    10   ...         Qc7            article in New in Chess that
     39 cS         bc          Q x f S QxfS 1s Qxf4, t h e two         10 ... x c 8 is a possible           White has two interesting
     40 b6         Qe6         bishops       and      queenside     alternative when 11 Q x d 6            ways t o continue:
     41 QdS        Qf8         pawn majority give White             e x d 6 leaves White facing                a) 14 QxgS @xg5 15 Q e 4
     42 Qca        1-0         t h e better game, o r 11 ...        problems with his d-pawn               e f 5 16 Qxd5 n b e 8 17 @f2
                               QxdS 12 QxfS!) 11 @hl (Si-           and o n t h e c-file. Better is        a x e 4 18 Qxe4 @xe4 19 Qxf 4
          Game 4 8             destepping         any     Qxd4      11 c 3 and a f t e r 11 ... Q b 8 12   Qxf4 20 g x f 4 @xf4 21 Xxf4
      Illeacas - Nunn          tricks) 11 ... Q b 8 12 Qxf4         Qb3 looks best. This pos-              Qe6 22 b 3 b5 23 g d l with
         Dubai 1986            Q x d 4 13 Q x f 5 QexfS 14 Qd3      ition has n o t yet occurred           a clear advantage t o White.
                               (Black's knights are sus-            in practice, but experience                b) 14 QxdS BxdS 15 Q e 4
                               pended unhappily in the              would suggest t h a t White            Q d 8 16 QfxgS!? QxgS 17
                               middle of t h e board) 14 ...        has good chances.                      Qxf4 (17 axf4!? QhS 18
                               Q e 7 15 Qxb8 g x b 8 16 B h 5               1
                                                                           1 c3                            eg3!) 17 ... g b e 8 18 $g3
                               f 5 17 gad1 with advantage              White       bolsters          his   Xxe4 19Bxg4 h6 20 h4 with
                               t o White in Hellers - Val-          centre, considering t h a t an         a mess.
                               kesalmi, Thessaloniki 1988.          advance of his d-pawn                          14 @h4       exh4
                               Black only lasted another            would b e premature.                       14 ... Qxf3 IS @xd8 Ebxd8
                               few moves: 17 ... e b 6 18                  11   ...        QdS?!           16 g x f 3 leaves White clear-
                               Qc4+ a h 8 19 Q a 4 @f6 20              This       natural-looking          ly on top.
                               Q c 5 e c 6 21 b4 Q x c 2 22 g e 2   move leads Black into ser-                     IS -  4      Qe3
                               H e 4 23 a x e 4 1-0.                ious difficulties. 11 ... Q g 6                16 Qxe3 Xxe3
                                    b) 9 ... Q g 6 occurred in      is similar to games 49 and                     17 gael      Xxel
                               t h e game Popovych - Shah-          so.                                            18 Exel (160)
                               ade, Philadelphia 1989, but                12 QcS!       gb8                    After a series of exchan-
                               after 10 Q e 4 QfS 11 Qxd6              12 ... b6 13 Q a 6 is good          ges the position has clari-
                               @xd6 12 c3 a6?! 13 p 3 Qxd3          for White.                             fied and we can now see
                               14 e x d 3 g f e 8 15 Iqp2 White           13 e e l !                       t h a t Black is in trouble. I t
                                had a clear advantage.                 This shows very good                is apparent that White has
                                       10 Q e 4                     understanding of t h e pos-            a mobile pawn majority,
                                    This is the m o s t natural,    :tion. White aims f o r a              but hard t o imagine that
     9    ...   I$B4            threatening t o take the t w o        ueen exchange after which            Rlack has a similar four
  This slightly annoying       bishops and preparing t o               xck's chances o n t h                       a t t w o on the king-
158 Nimzowitsch Counter-Gam bit                                                                    Nirnzowitsch Counter-Gambit 159
side. White's rook is also         Q x b 8 22 g e 7 Qd6 23 Bxb7.         Qxc6 31 Qd3 White's queen-              3    ed       c6
proudly patrolling t h e only      Black's pawns are useless.            side pawns will decide t h e            4    Qc3      ef
open file, whilst Black's                 20 ...       a 6               issue.                                  S    Qf3      Qd6
has t h e miserable task of               21 Qe7+
                                          22 Qxc6 bc
                                                       @g7                      29 ...        @f7
                                                                                              -                  6    d4       he7
defending a pawn.                                                               30 b 4        @e6
                                          23 Q a 6     Xc8                      31 a 4       @d6
                                          24 Q x c 7 Bxc7                       32 a5         hs?
                                          25 EeS (161)                      Time trouble has arrived
                                                                         and Black seriously wea-
                                                                         kens his kingside. The h-
                                                                         pawn has t o stay back in
                                                                        order t o be able to meet h 4
                                                                        with h6. Better was 32 ...
                                                                        Qxc6 as t h e king and pawn
                                                                        ending should be a draw.

      18   ...      gs
                                                                               33 h4!        -x c 6
                                                                                             LPxc6
                                                                               34 Qxc6       g                This is probably the
    It's only here t h a t t h e                                               3S hg         fg            most accurate move order
game Gallagher - Davidov-                                                      36 BxgS n x c 3             a s it makes Black think
ic, Haringey 1988 went its            Another group of ex-                     37 g x h 5                  about whether he should
separate way with 18 ... @ f 8     changes and a very favour-              Black might have s o m e        take on dS o r not.
19 Q f 3 Qbb? (19 ... h6 was
better) 20 Q g 5 h6 21 Q x f 7
                                   able ending for White has
                                   arisen.
                                                                        drawing chances if his f-                 7   ...         cd
                                                                        pawn       wasn't     so    far       It could well be t h a t
Qc7 (Black had assumed                     25 ...         f6            advanced, b u t on f 4 it is       Black should n o t make this
t h a t the knight would be in             26 g c S      Qe4            too exposed.                       capture. After 7 ... 0-0 8
trouble, but forgot about             26 ... n b 7 was better.                 37 ...        Ec4          0-0 Qg4 White has nothing
one critical square) 22 Qh8!               27 dS!         xd7                  38 bS         Ecs          better than 9 dc transpos-
g5 (The only move) 23 Qe6+            Black gives u p a pawn               38 ... E a 4 39 b6 takes a     ing t o Illescas - Nunn,
a x e 6 24 gxe6. With an           and pins his hopes on                little longer, but still wins.    whilst after 7 ... cd we
extra pawn and a strong            blockading the queenside,                   39 gxcs *cs                arrive a t t h e same position,
attack, White is n o t f a r       a s he realises t h a t 27 ... @f8          40 b 6        1-0          but with White's bishop
 from victory. The remain-         28 b 4 B e 7 29 bS is hope-             After 40 ... a b 41 ab @xb6    arguably better placed on
ing moves were 24 ... h a 5        less.                                42 @f2 $c6 43 @f3 @d6 44          b3.
2s Q g 6 + @f7 26 QdS E d 8 27             28 d c         Ec7           @xf4 @e6 45 @gS White                     8 QX~S
c 4 Qb6 28 gxb6+! Exd5 29             Of course, after 28 ...           wins.                                 Of course 8 QxdS??
cd a b 30 QeS+! B e 7 31 b4!       g d l + 29 @f2 Black's checks                                          loses a piece.
 1-0.                              will run out.                                  Game 49                         8  ...         0-0
         19 h31      QhS?!                 29 QbS?                        Westerinen     - Motwad             The a t t e m p t t o justify
     19 ... Qc8 was better.           This falls in with Black's                London 1988               his seventh move with 8 ...
         20 QfS?                   plan. I t would have been                                              QxdS 9 QxdS @as+ LO Q c 3
     White could have won          stronger t o play 29 b4! as                                            is n o t attractive for Black.
 with 20 Qd7! gh 21 Q x b 8        after 29 ... gxc6? 30 gxc6                                             The weakness of his f-
160 Nimzowitsch Counter-Ca                                                                         Nim rzowitsch Coun ter-Gambit 161
pawn is f e l t more than          introducing the possibility         25 Qc6! fS 26 Qf6+!) 25 QcS!      21 @xfS+ @g8 22 g3 @dS!
ever. For example, 10 ... 0-0      of &bS a t an appropriate           f 3 26 g x e 7 Exe7 27 Qxf3       and Black has a winning
11 0-0 Qg4 12 Q e 4 (12 Q e 2      moment.                             a f 5 28 g 4 and White soon       position.
looks strong) 12 ... Qc7 13              14 QfgS! (163)                converted      his  material         b) 18 c d @xd4+ 19 Q f 2
Q f 2 QhS 14 Qh3!? &f5 15             From nowhere, White              advantage.                        Qd3 20 Ed1 Qb6 21 @f3 ne8!
&d2! and White has the             whips up a nasty attack.                    s
                                                                              1 &hS!                     and Black has a strong
b e t t e r game, Gallagher -                                             Taking o n f7 would n o t      attack.
Brito, Las Palmas 1990. 15 ...                                         have offered       sufficient        C) 18 ag3!!. This incred-
Qxf3 16 g x f 3 gS fails t o 17                                        play.                             ible move seems to give
Q x g 5 &xgS 19 gg3.                                                          is  ...      hs            White t h e advantage:
          9 0-0     abc6                                                 Black has one other very          cl) 18 ... Qd3 19 Qxf4!
          10 Qb3    Qg4                                                interesting try, IS ... Qxd4. Qxfl 20 g x f l and White
          ll Qe4    Qc7                                                Now 16 cd &xd4+ is good will eventually emerge with
    11 ... a c 8 makes less                                            for Black, and if 16 a d 1 hg 17 an extra pawn.
sense with the bishop                                                  Exd4 (Or 17 QxgS Qe2+! and          c2) 18 ... f g 19 cd &xd4+
already a t b3.                                                        wins) 17 ... Qb6, e.g. 18 20 @hi @g8 21 @xfS g f 8 22
          12 c3                                                        QxgS Qxd4+ 19 cd @xd4+ 20 Qe3! with a good game f o r
    White could consider                  14  ...      h6              @hl Qe5 21 Qxf7 Q x f 7 22 White, e.g. 22 ... &d6 23
trying t o blow Black away            This is obviously the cri-       @xfS &f6        and      White &c2 nf2?! 24 Qxf2 gf 25
with 12 dS, b u t after 12 ...     tical move, b u t in the game       doesn't have quite enough &b3+ @h7 26 g3 and White
Qb6+ 13 @hl Q d 4 14 d6 Q g 6      Gallagher - Almada, Chias-          for t h e exchange; s o White defends.
he seems overextended.             s o 1991, Black avoided the         has to play 16 Q x f 7 g x f 7 17   c3) 18 ... &h4 19 cd!
      12   ...      Qgs            complications and chose
                                   instead 14 ... Qxe4 15 Q x e 4
                                                                       Qxf7+ @xf7 (164).                       16 Q x g S a h 8 (165)
    The knight is more se-
curely placed here than on         Ee8. Black's idea is that if
d5.                                he can force White t o move
         13 h3!?                   his knight from e4, he may
    For 13 Q f 2 , see game 50.    be able t o g e t a dangerous
    I should just note here        attack with ... f 3 followed
t h a t if t h e bishop had been   by ... &d6. However, he was
on c4, rather than b 3 (i.e. if    unable t o carry out his
Black had n o t played 7 ...       plan: 16 @f3! (Luring Black's
cd), then this continuation        knight t o a dubious square)
would n o t be possible: 13        16 ... Q h 4 17 &d3 Q e S (17 ...
h3 Qxf3 14 &xf3 (14 g x f 3        B e 7 is met by 18 Qxf4) 1     8       A fascinating position               17 axf7!    x7
                                                                                                                           af
Q(either1eS) 14 ... Qxd4! 15       &bS! a6 (18 ... Q g 6 19 QgS!)      has arisen where White has             18 &xfS      &f6
UhS h e 5 16 &S h6 17 Q x f 7      19 &dS @xdS 20 QxdS Q d 3           several possibilities:                   19 &xf6!?
Q x f 7 18 Qxf4 Qxf4 19 n x f 4    21 g d l ! Q x c l 22 gaxcl            a) 18 Qxf4. Opening t h e         19 &g4 leaves White with
Qe6! and Black defends.            (White just has t o avoid           f-file should normally be         a strong attack, but West-
      13   ...      Qfs            some tricks t o gain the full       decisive, b u t Black has a       erinen judged that the
  13 ... QhS!? should be met       point) 22 ... g e 7 23 Eel          tactical defence: 18 ... Qxf4     pawns and the continuing
by 14 &d3, unpinning and           g a e 8 24 @f2! @f8 (24 ... b6?     19 g x f 4 Qe2+! 20 @hl Q x f 4   problems of t h e black king-
162 Nimzowitsch Counter-Gs                                                                              Njmzowitsch Counter-Gambit 163
side, even a f t e r t h e queen                                         have been placing all King's            pawn.
exchange, were more than                                                 Gambit theory under t h e                       18 ...           Qxf 4
enough f o r t h e piece.                                                microscope, considers t h a t                   I9 Q x f 4
      19   ...        gf                                                 White has t h e b e t t e r chan-           Black's bishops offer
      20 Qxf4 Qxf4                                                       ces a f t e r 19 Q x f 4 Q x f 4 (19   partial compensation f o r
   20 ... Q d 8 21 E f 3 looks                                           ... @xb3 2 0 Qed3 i s a little          t h e pawn.
good f o r White.                                                        b e t t e r f o r White) 2 0 Q x f 4            19 ...           Qe4
      21 E x f 4 @g7                                                     Qe2 21 c 4 @e8 22 Qd6 Q x f l                   2 0 @hS          @d8
      22 Eg4+! @h6                                                       23 @xfl Q e 7 2 4 H e 2 Q f 5 25                21 g3
      23 E f l                                                           Q x f 8 @xf8 26 Qc2 @d6 27                  21 Exa7 would have m e t
   There i s n o respite f o r                                           @gl Q x d 4 2 8 Qd3.                   with a s a d end: 21 ... @b8!
Black.
      23    ...       at$
                                                                                   16 ab         @h4 1167)      Now White is threatening
                                                                                                                to t a k e t h e pawn.
                                                                                                                                                  -
       24 h4          0 7                                                                                                21 ...           a671
       25 QcZ!        Qe7                                                                                            Even s o , Nunn considers
       26   ael                                                                                                 i t necessary t o have played
    There is n o defence.                    13 4 3 2                                                           21 ... f5, a f t e r which h e
       26   ...       Ef7                White a d o p t s a different                                          assesses t h e position a s
       27 Qb3         Eaf8            strategy to t h e previous                                                slightly b e t t e r f o r White.
       2 8 Qxf7       Exf7            game. With this knight                                                            22 b4?!
    With rook and three               manoeuvre h e plans to lay                                                    I t would have been more
pawns against t w o knights,          siege to f 4 with every                                                   accurate to have completed
t h e rest is just a m a t t e r of   means at his disposal.                                                    his development with Q e g 2
technique: 29 a g e 4 Q g 6 30               13  ...        Qfs              Nunn gives s o m e var-            and Hael at once.
g 3 fS 31 Be6 a f 6 32 c 4 @h5               14 Q d 3       QaS
                                         Black is hard-pressed t o
                                                                         iations in Informator to
                                                                         s h o w t h a t 16 ... @g5 is in-
                                                                                                                        22  ...           fS
33 E f l Q g 4 34 dS f 4 35 d6                                                                                          23 Q e g 2 x f 6
f 3 36 cS Q 6 e 5 37 Ee7 g f 8 38     find any counterplay so he         sufficient: 17 @f3! Rae8 18                    24 nael          ah6
d7 f2+ 39 E x f 2 Q x f 2 4 0         gives himself t h e option of      Qxf4 Qg4 19 @g3! E x e l 2 0                   25 @e2            gS
Exes+ @g4 41 a g S + @h3 42           removing White's potent-           n x e l Q x f 4 21 g e 4 Qe2+ 22               26 Q d 3         Qc6 (168)
d 8 e 1-0.                            ially dangerous bishop. IS         Exe2 @xcl+ 23 Xxcl Qxg3
                                      Qc2 would allow 15 ... Q c 4 .     24 E e 7 with a clear advan-
          Game SO                            IS Q f e l                  tage to White.
        Hebden - Nunn                    White's play is n o t parti-            17 @f3
         London 1987                  cularly subtle, b u t t h e f-        The f-pawn is l o s t and
                                      pawn is certainly beginning        it's just a question of
                                      to feel t h e pressure.            whether Black can d r u m up
                                             IS  ...        Qxb3         enough counterplay o r not.
                                         Nunn criticised t h i s move            17 ...          Eae8
                                      and gave 15 ... @gS 16 @f3                 18 Q x f 4
                                      Q g 4 17 @f2 Q x b 3 18 a b @b5       Obviously i t would be
                                      a s unclear. However, Mik-         very risky f o r White t o help             27 @f2?
                                      halchishin, who s e e m s t o      himself t o a queenside                  This throws away all of
164 Nimzo witsch Counter-Gambit
White's advantage. Better          g x f 2 32 Q x d 3 Exfl+ 33 n x f l
was 2 7 U d 2 a s 27 ... Exel 28   bc 34 g x f 8 + @xf8 3s g 4
Exel f 4 can be met by 29          with a drawn endgame.
Q e S f 3 30 Q x c 6 bc 31 Qe3             29  ...       gf
with a winning position.
       27  ...        gf8l
                                           30 Q d x f 4 QxgZ!
                                            1
                                           3 W g 2 + @ha                  11) Classical Defence
   Now i t is clear t h a t the        White can't deal with all
white queen is on a potent-        t h e threats t o his kingside,
ially embarrassing square.         e.g. 32 @e4 Hh4.
       28 c 4                              32 Q e 6      Qxh2+                  I   e4        eS            ing o u t t h e minor pieces
   And now 28 QeS would                    33 @hi                               2   f4             (169)    quickly, and maybe playing
allow 28 ... QbS.                      33 B x h 2 a g 8 + 3 4 @g2
                                                                                                            Qa4, t o remove lack's
       28 ...         f4           Bxg2+ 35 @xg2 axe6! 36                                                   strong bishop.
       29 gf7                      Bxe6 @g8+ is rather ele-
                                                                                                              In my opinion, both sys-
   And a f t e r this White is     gant.                                                                    tems offer White reason-
losing. He could still have                33  ...       QeS+                                               able chances of obtaining
held t h e balance with accu-              34 @gl        Qxd4+                                              the advantage.
rate play. Nunn gives the                  35 Ef2        Qxf2+
following variation: 29 dS!                36 B x f 2    gxe6                                                            Game 51
j3xh2! 30 dc Uxd3 31 Qxf4!                      0-1                                                                  Larsen - Joyner
                                                                                                                     Blrmlngham 1951

                                                                             Black is n o t interested in            I
                                                                                                                     e4     e5
                                                                         t h e complications arising             2 f4       Qc5
                                                                         from t h e King's Gambit                3 Qf3      d6
                                                                         Accepted and declines in             There are also a couple
                                                                         classical form, immediately        of rarely played alterna-
                                                                         bringing his king's bishop         tives:
                                                                         t o i t s best square.                a) 3      ... Qc6   4 fe ( 4 QxeS
                                                                             There are now two main         is recommended by Zaitsev,
                                                                         schemes of development a t         a s after 4 ... QxeS S d 4
                                                                         White's disposal. The first        Qxd4 6 B x d 4 @h4+ 7 e f 2
                                                                         involves a quick c3 and d4,        White's t w o bishops give
                                                                         so as t o build a strong           him the better game. Black
                                                                         pawn centre as quickly a s         should try 4 ... Q f 6 and
                                                                         possible. This can be rather       after S Q c 3 0-0 6 fie2 Be8
                                                                         doubled-edged a s White            he has some compensation
                                                                         may well fall behind in dev-       for t h e pawn. 4 Q c 3 looks
                                                                         elopment and have his              good a s a f t e r 4 ... d6 S QbS
                                                                         centre subjected t o strong        White has transposed into
                                                                         pressure. The second, quiet-       a favourable line (see game
                                                                         er, method involves bring-         54)) 4 ... d6 ( 4 ... QxeS
166 Classical Defence                                                                                                   Classical Defence 167
doesn't work: S Q x e S @h4+             Now Black has no time            t h e option of removing t h e         Qxd8 g x d 8 14 d 4 is good
6 g3 a x e $ + 7 He2 H x h l 8 d 4   f o r 9 ... Q e 4 10 0-0 Qxc3        annoying bishop. The g a m e            for White, a s is 11 ... @e7 12
(Korchnoi and Zak give 8             because of 11 Qc4! and a f t e r     Arnason - I. Sokolov, Han-             Qxe6. After 11 ... 0-0 12
&6+) 8 ... Q e 7 9 Q f 3 Black       9 ... Q x c 3 10 b c @e4 11 @d3      inge 1989 continued: S ...             Qxe6 f e White does n o t
is in serious trouble, e.g. 9        Q x e S 12 f e @xg2 13 0-0-0         Qf6 6 d 3 Q g 4 7 d 4 fS with          take t h e pawn, b u t plays 13
... d6 10 Qe3 QfS 11 Q b d 2         White has a considerable             a complex s t r u g g l e in           Qc4! with a good game.
Qxc2 12 Ecl QfS 13 g x c 7 ) S       advantage.                           which Black managed to                     C) 4 ... He7. White can
e d B x d 6 6 c3!. This enables                4 c3                       hold t h e balance. Instead            now follow t h e recommen-
White t o take s h e l t e r be-         4 Q c 4 will be t h e subject    of 6 d3, White can try 6 fe.           dation of Greco's: 5 d 4 e d 6
hind a big pawn centre until         of subsequent games.                 Now Black has t w o possi-             cd Qb4+ (6 ... @xe4+ 7 Q f 2
he h a s completed his devel-                  4 ...       a 4            bilities (of course 6 ...              wins for White, e.g. 7 ...
opment. Khavsky - Ivanov,                With this pin. Black joins      a x e 4 loses to 7 $a4+):              Qb6 8 QbS+ followed by
Leningrad 1971 continued: 6          in t h e struggle f o r d4.               a) 6 ... Q g 4 7 d 4 d e 8 h3     Eel) 7 Qc3! (If 7 @f2 Qf6! is
... Q g 4 7 d 4 0-0-0 8 Q e 3 fS     However, a s w e shall see,         Qf6 9 Q x e S Q x e 4 10 HhS!           rather unclear) 7 ... Qxc3+ 8
9 B c 2 Q x f 3 10 gf Qb6 11 Q d 2   White is able to gain t h e          g6 (After 10 ... $f6, White            bc @xe4+ 9 @f2 with good
with a clear advantage t o           advantage. There a r e a             has t h e s t r o n g reply 11         attacking chances in return
White.                               number of alteratives, of           QbS+. Now 11 ... c6 12 g f l is         f o r t h e pawn.
    b) 3 ... dS. This position       which 4 ... fS and 4 ... Q f 6       good and a f t e r 11 ... Q d 7                 S fe
can a l s o arise f r o m t h e      can b e seen in games 52 and         White m u s t be careful to                S h3 should be good
Falkbeer Counter-Gambit              53 respectively. The others         avoid 12 Qxd7+ Q x d 7 13 JJfl         enough f o r an edge.
Declined: 4 Q x e S Q f 6 ( 4 ...    a r e examined below.               because o f 13 ... @xfl+. 12                     5...        de
de? S @hS H e 7 6 Q c 4 i s very         a) 4 ... Q c 6 S QbS Qd7 6      E f l immediately is again                       6 @a4+!
good f o r White) S d 4 Qb6 6        d 4 e d 7 cd Qb6 8 0-0 Q f 6 9      s t r o n g ) 11 $h6 and White             This idea was discovered
e d @xdS 7 Qe3 Q c 6 8 Q c 3         Q c 3 0-0 10 @hl. I t is clear      s t a n d s clearly better.            by Frank Marshall and guar-
QaS. Black hopes t h a t his         t h a t White's centre is very           b) 6 ... d e 7 Q c 4 Q x e 4 (7   antees a pleasant middle-
control of t h e central             s t r o n g and Black always        ... Q c 6 can b e m e t by 8 d 3       game.
white squares will offer             has to be o n t h e look o u t
                                     against a possible eS.
                                                                         0-0 9 Q x b 6 a b 10 Qe2 with                    6...        Qd7
sufficient         compensation                                          an edge) 8 Q x b 6 a b 9 @e2               This is t h e only move as
f o r t h e pawn. However,                b) 4 ... Qb6. This prophy-     Q f 6 10 e x e s + (How is Black       6 ... @d7 7 QbS c6 8 a x e 5
White's next move dashes             lactic move is not without          to escape t h e check?) 10 ...         and 6 ...Q c 6 7 a x e 5 $h4+ 8
t h e s e hopes: 9 Qe2! (170).       s o m e danger f o r White,         @e7 11 $xe7+ a x e 7 12 Qc4!?          g 3 Qf2+ 9 @xf2 @f6+ 10 @gl
                                     especially if he nai'vely           (White relinquishes t h e bi-          BxeS 11 &2 are very good
170                                  continues with S d4. After          s h o p pair in o r d e r to alle-     for White.
 B                                   S ... e d 6 cd either 6 ... Qg4     viate t h e pressure o n a2) 12                  7 @c2      Qc6
                                     o r 6 ... Q f 6 gives Black         ... Qe6 13 Qxe6 a x e 6 14 d 4             After 7 ... @e7 White can
                                     good play. White has to             (White h a s t h e b e t t e r pawn    play 8 d4. Reti - Barasz, Ti-
                                     play more slowly. S Qd3             s t r u c t u r e a n d t h e black    misoara 1912, continued: 8 ...
                                     merits attention, b u t my          king might find itself a               Qd6 8 Q b d 2 Q c 6 10 Q c 4
                                     preference is f o r S Qa3.          little exposed).                       0-0-0 11 0-0 with advan-
                                     The knight is bound f o r c4.            The m o r e active 10 ... Qe6     tage to White.
                                     from where i t will e x e r t       is m e t by 11 QgS. Now 11 ...                  8 b4!       Qd6 (171)
                                      pressure o n eS, and have          Q b d 7 12 a x e 6 a x e 5 13                   9 QeZ
168 Classical Defence                                                                                                    Classical Defence 169
                                      turn his attention towards                  25 Rae1         @h6             with a b e t t e r ending f o r
                                      t h e a3-f8 diagonal.                    25 ... u x a 3 26 E x e s f e 27   Black.
                                              16  ...       Qxd67            Qg6+ a x h 7 28 Q x f 8 + +wins.            S    ...       de
                                          Black should have played                26 Qg6+ Q x g 6                    5 ... f e allows 6 $a4+ 4 3 6
                                      16 ... c d although 17 Qa3 and              27 Qxg6 Qe8                     7 @xe4 d e 8 QbS with a
                                      18 g a d 1 will still cause him             28 QfS          cb              good game.
                                      s o m e problems.                           29 c6           b4                     6 d4           ed
                                              17 Qa3        Q 8 f 7 (172)         30 Qcl          gS                     7 Qc4! (174)
                                          Black is not very alert. 17             32 c 7          Qc6                White hurries to occupy
                                      ... b 6 was necessary in                    33 Be7          1-0             this crucial diagonal. There
                                      order to take t h e sting o u t                                             is certainly no time f o r 7
    9 Q c 4 is a decent alter-        of t h e coming advance.                         Game 52                    cd, b u t Glaskov has sug-
native, e.g. 9 ... Q f 6 10 d 3                                                                 -
                                                                                   Gallagher Costa                gested 7 eS!? as a n alterna-
@e7 H 0-0 0-0-0 12 a 4 with                                                              Be11990                  tive.
good attacking chances,
Bronstein - Panov, Moscow
1947.
    Larsen prefers t o keep
t h e c4-square           f o r his
knight.
         9  ...          He7
         10 Qa3          as
          1
         1 bS            ad8
    Larsen gives t h e follow-               18 c4!             ed
ing variation: 11 ... Q x a 3 12                19    CS        $xe4
Qxa3 $xa3 13 b c Qxc6 14                        20 Qd3          @e3+                                                     7   ...        fe!
a x e 5 &a4 IS $xa4 Q x a 4 16                  21 a h 1        QxbS                                                 This is t h e only way f o r
Qc4 Q h 6 17 0-0 with                     "Desperation. The point                                                 Black to justify his pre-
advantage to White. He                of t h e white combination is                                               vious play. If i t is not
a l s o points o u t t h a t if       t h a t t h e knight can only                                               sound h e m u s t accept his
White wants t o avoid t h e           r e t r e a t to c 8 o r e8, in both       This is obviously t h e          fate. O t h e r moves have
queen exchange he can play            cases disconnecting t h e              s h a r p e s t choice a t Black's   been tried though:
9 Q a 3 and 10 Q c 4 .                black rooks. 22 c6 would               disposal a n d f r o m now o n          a) 7 ... d 3 8 &S! Q f 6 9 e5
         12 Q c 4        f6           then threaten Qxh7+ foll-              t h e game will b e balanced         h6 10 Q h 4 gS 11 ef g h 12 h e 5
     Black has to try and hold        owed by Qxf8. After, f o r             on t h e edge of a precipice.        and White had a very good
t h e eS-point at all costs.          instance, 21 ... Qc8 22 c6                      S fe                        game in Spielmann - Ru-
         13 0-0          ah6          E d 8 23 c d t h e situation is            S ef $e7! is difficult f o r     binstein, Trieberg 1921.
         14 d 4          ahf7         not l e s s hopeless f o r Black       White; S d 4 is also dubious.           b) 7 ... Q c 6 8 b4! Qb6 9
         15 a 4          0-0          than in t h e game" (Larsen).          Keres gives 5 ... ed 6 Q c 4 f e     $b3 Q h 6 (Black has t o def-
         16 Qxd6!                                22 ab          c6           7 Q g 5 d5! (S f e prevents          end f7. If 9 ... Q f 6 10 b5
     A t f i r s t sight a strange               23 Qxh7+ @h8                this defence) 8 Q x e 4 d c 9        Q a S 11 Qf7+ @f8 12 Qa3+; o r
 move b u t White w a n t s t o                  24 Q h 4       QeS          @h5+ @f8 10 $xcS+ @e7                9 ... Q g e 7 10 QF7+ @f8 11
170 Classical Defence                                                                                                             Classical Defence 171
0-O!) 10 lEg5 (10 0-0 f e 11             play t h e King's Gambit! A             of 13 ... Q c 2 , Black can t r y       9 ... Q x d 4 10 c d a c 6 . The
QgS! also gives                  good    new idea was necessary; s o              13 ... n b 8 , b u t then 14 @xa7      drawback of White's ninth
attacking chances) 10 ...                my a t t e n t i o n t u r n e d to 8   and Black s t i l l can't play 14       move i s t h a t he can't de-
@d6 11 Q b d 2 . Black is going          Q x d 4 ! (175).                         ... Q c 2 (15 @a4+) whilst his         fend his d-pawn (Obviously
to c o m e under heavy fire                                                      king remains s t u c k in t h e         we're n o t going to r e t r e a t
f r o m White's raging bish-                                                     centre.                                 t h e bishop) and 11 d 5 Q e 5 is
o p s which keep his king                                                             a2) 11 ... Q a S 12 Exfb! (12      n o t very attractive.
locked in t h e centre, e.g. 11                                                  Qc3!?) 12 ... Q x c 4 13 @h5+                b1) 11 Q x f 6 comes into
... d c 12 @xc3 Q d 4 13 Q x d 4                                                 (13 )3f2?! is n o t m e t by 13 ...     consideration and is quite
@xd4 14 @xd4 Q x d 4 15                                                          Qxe3? 14 @h5+ winning b u t             likely t o e n d in a draw a f t e r
0-0-0 a n d t h e exchange of                                                    by 13 ... Qe6!) 13 ... g6 14            11 ... @xf6 12 @h5+ g6 13
queens has hardly dimi-                                                          g x g 6 h g 15 @xg6+!. White            @dS! Q b 4 (13 ... Q x d 4 14
nished White's attack.                                                           undoubtedly h a s a very                nfl!) 14 @bS+ (14 @xe4+ B e 7
    C) 7 ... Q f 6 . This has been
                                                                                 dangerous             attack,     for   i s a b o u t equal) 14 ... Q c 6 15
Black's         most         popular                                             example:                                @dS.
choice here, b u t White can                  White removes Black's                   a21) 15 ... @ f 8 16 Qh6+              b2) 11 Qc3!. From the
obtain a clear advantage                 potentially dangerous d-                n x h 6 17 @xh6+ @e7 18 @g7+            above variations, it has be-
w i t h o u t any g r e a t difficul-    pawn and, in r e t u r n f o r t h e    and a f t e r 18 ... @e8 o r 18 ...     come apparent t h a t White
ty: 8 e5 Q e 4 9 c d Q b 4 + (9 ...      s l i g h t material deficit, has       @d6 19 Qc3! brings t h e re-            has t o invest f u r t h e r mater-
Qb6 10 Q c 3 Q c 6 11 Q e 3 i s          g r e a t attacking chances.            maining white pieces i n t o            ial to fuel t h e a t t a c k . I t is
good f o r White) 10 Q d 2 (10           Black i s especially weak on            t h e attack.                           very dangerous f o r Black t o
B e 2 h a s a l s o seen t h e light     t h e a2-g8 diagonal as well                 a22) 15 ... @d7 16 @f7+            t a k e t h e pawn.
of day f o r s o m e s t r a n g e       as having difficulties on               @e7 17 @xc4. White has very                 b21) 11 ... e x d 4 12 @xd4!
reason) 10         ...     Q x d 2 11    t h e f-file. The immediate             g o o d play f o r t h e exchange       Q x d 4 13 0-0-0 Q e 6 ( o t h e r
Q b x d 2 a n d White i s clearly        t h r e a t i s @hS+ and Black          with his queenside pieces               moves a r e n o b e t t e r , e.g. 13
better.                                  has t w o ways to avoiding              a b o u t to e n t e r t h e game. 17   ... Q f S a l l o w s 14 Q x e 4 and
         8 QgS                           this:                                   ... @h4 i s b a d because of 18         13 ... c5 14 Qxf6 gf 15 a x e 4
    I played t h i s a u t o m a t -          a) 8 ... Q x d 4 9 c d 4326 10     @d5+ @e8 19 @eS+ followed               is very g o o d f o r White) 14
ically as I knew t h a t White           Q e 3 (10 dS Q e S 11 @hS+ can          by 20 Qc3.                              Qxf6 gf 15 Q x e 4 and White
was supposed t o take the                a l s o b e considered b u t 10             a3) Maybe Black s h o u l d         is close to winning.
rook a n d a f t e r a few ner-          Q e 3 is more flexible) 10 ...          t r y 11 ... &e7, b u t a f t e r 12        b22) 11 ... Q x d 4 i s well
vous m o m e n t s b e a t o f f t h e   Q f 6 11 0-0 Black h a s prob-          Q c 3 Q g 4 13 &a4 w e can s e e        m e t by 12 0-0 with nasty
attack. As w e shall see, t h e          lems completing his devel-              t h a t Black's king will n o t         t h r e a t s of 12 Qxf6 and 12
g a m e didn't g o exactly               opment, e.g.                            be very s a f e o n t h e queen-        Qxe4.
according to plan. After-                    al) 11 ... Q g 4 is well m e t      side a n d 13 ... Qd7 14 QbS!               I t i s a l s o difficult to find
wards, I f e l t quite down-             by 12 @b3. Now 12 ... Q a 5 is          looks s t r o n g .                     a good move f o r Black if he
hearted (and n o t only be-              bad because of 13 @b5+ cb                    b) 8 ... Q f 6 9 &S (This          doesn't t a k e on d4. 11 ...
cause i t c o s t a big prize). I t      14 @e5+; 12 ... Q x d 4 13 B x b 7      t h r e a t e n s to t a k e o n f6,    Q a 5 and 11 ... Q g 4 , f o r
somehow didn't feel right                Q c 2 1 loses to 14 gxf6! e.g.          followed by @h5+ a n d is               example, b o t h l o s e at once
to b e grabbing pieces and               14 ... gf 15 @xe4+ o r 14 ...           more precise than 9 0-0,                t o 12 Qxf6.
then fending off a massive               @dl+ IS g f l o r 14 ... a x e 3 15     which a f t e r 9 ... Q c 6 10 Q e 3        1 think t h a t we can con-
attack. That's n o t why you             @c6+ Qd7 16 @xe4+. Instead              QeS! s e e m s good f o r Black)        clude t h a t 8 Q x d 4 o f f e r s
172 Classical Defence                                                                                                 Classical Defence 173
White good chances f o r t h e     Q c 6 17 c 4 &d7 18 gS Q g 4 19                                                 b) 11 ... &4! 12 @b3 Qb6!.
advantage, whilst eagerly          &fl! and White is winning,                                                  Black calmly takes a time
awaiting s o m e practical          S t o l t z - Spielmann, Stock-                                            o u t in order t o protect b7.
tests.                              holm 1932.                                                                 In doing s o , he has also
      8    ...    Qf6                   b) 10 ... &4 11 @b3 Q b d 7                                            created t h e annoying t h r e a t
  8 ... e 3 is refuted by 9         12 H x b 7 E b 8 13 @c6 d 3 14                                             of ... Qa5. If Black can win
Qf7+ &f8 10 Q x g 8 @xgS 11         b4! (Korchnoi).                                                            t h e knight o n f7, he will
0-0+ QfS 12 cd!
      9 Qf7       @e7
                                              s
                                              a
                                              11
                                        This looks very natural,
                                                                                                               clearly have very good play
                                                                                                               f o r a mere exchange.
      1 Qxh8 (176)
       0                           preventing 11 ... &4, b u t                                                 Moves s u c h as 13 0-0 and
                                   a f t e r Black's n e x t move                                              13 LEgS can b e discarded be-
                                    White i s in s o m e trouble.       away t h e cS-square f r o m           cause of ... &5, e.g. 13 0-0
                                   Probably t h e b e s t move is       Black. The importance of               d3+ 14 @hl Qa5 1s @a4+ Qd7
                                   11 Q f 7 . This was pointed          t h i s can be seen from t h e         16 QbS c6 with advantage t o
                                   o u t to m e by my wife! As I        following            variation:   12   Black. 13 Q g S can also be
                                   s a t huddled           over   the   &S?! Qf2+! 13 @xf2 @cS+ 14             met by 13 ... QaS!. This
                                   chessboard,           desperately    Qe3 (14 @g3) 14 ... @xc4               leaves White with:
                                   trying t o repair t h e var-         with a dangerous a t t a c k               bl) 13@bS!?. Black should
                                   iation, s h e strolled by, baby      f o r Black. After 12 b4!              now play 13 ... d3! (178) (13
                                   on o n e arm, and remarked           Black has:                             ... a6 14 e g 5 Q a 5 15 QeS!).
                                   "Why don't you take t h a t              all 12 ... Q x b 4 . This fails
   S o White has won his           knight o u t of t h e corner?"       to 13 c b Qxb4+ 14 Qd2 e3 15
rook, b u t Black's pieces a r e   And indeed, t h e move does          @a4+ Q d 7 16 Qxb4!. White is
very active and his central        have i t s points: firstly, and      now so many pieces up t h a t
pawns menacing. Neverthe-          m o s t importantly, i t covers      he will hardly notice re-
less, theory considers t h e       t h e eS-square; secondly, it        turning a few to defuse t h e
position as very good f o r        prevents Black from cast-            attack.
White, b u t I think this          ling; and thirdly, t h e knight          a2) 12 ... Q g 4 13 @b3 Qb6
game will change t h a t ass-      may b e able t o hop o u t one       14 a4!. After studying t h i s
essment.                           day, leaving White a whole           position f o r s o m e time, I
   It is worth noting t h a t if   rook up.                             came to t h e conclusion
White plays 10 cd, Black               On t h e minus side how-         t h a t White can't really dev-            How is White to contin-
can achieve a good game by         ever, time is being s p e n t        elop very effectively a n d            ue? One of t h e main worr-
10  ...  Qb4+ 11 Qc3 Qf8 12        which could have gone to-            is b e t t e r o f f creating a few    ies is t h a t Black is now
QeS Qg4!                           wards development, and               t h r e a t s of his own o n t h e     threatening to play e3, a s
        10 ...      ad             t h e knight is a l s o much         queenside. White has taken             Qxd3 l o s e s t h e knight on
   O t h e r moves seem to         more vulnerable to immed-            over t h e initiative which            f7. 14 Qe3 i s an interesting
lead t o a good game f o r         iate capture o n f7. Let's           ensures t h a t Black doesn't          a t t e m p t to blockade t h e
White:                             have a look a t s o m e con-         have enough play f o r t h e           pawns, b u t a f t e r 14 ... b e 3
   a) 10 ... d 3 11 &S Qf2+ 12     crete variations.                    rook. 14 ... a6 15 aS Q a 7 16         15 Hxb7 E b 8 16 &xc6+ Qd7
@xf2 @c5+ 13 Qe3 H x c 4 14            a) 11 ... d 3 12 b4! (177)       bS confirms this assess-               17 Hxc7 Exb2 Black's attack
h3 Q e 6 IS Q d 2 &dS 16 g 4           This crucial move take:          ment.                                  is w o r t h at Least a draw,
174 Classical Defence                                                                                                     Classical Defence 175
e.g. 18 Q b 3 g e 2 + 19 @dl (19                                               open files. But even a f t e r 16   20 @xc3 @e2+ 21 @gl is an-
@fl) 19 ... &4! with a mur-                                                    @d2 Q c S 17 @dl 0-0-0              other false trail: a f t e r 21 ...
derous attack; 14 Q g S all-                                                   Black has a tremendous              Q e 4 White can defend with
o w s Black t o c a s t l e with                                               attack.                             22 @el and a f t e r 21 ... Qc6
a good game; 14 @gS e3 15                                                             16  ...       ed+            with 22 @d2.
Qxd3 (15 @xg7 d2+ 16 Q x d 2                                                          17 @fl                               20 Q e 4       Xxf7
ed++ 17 @xd2 Qe3+ 18 @c2                                                          Forced, a s 17 @d2 Qxc3+            Even if Black had fallen
QfS+ 19 @b3 &S+ and Black                                                      18 b c Q e 4 + wins.                into my trap, he would
i s winning) 1s ... @xf7 and                                                          17  ...       0-0-0          probably still win: 20 ...
t h e attack will continue;                                                           18 Q f 7 (180)               @xe4 21 Q d 6 + @b8 22 Q x e 4
another idea i s 14 Q f 4 e 3 15                                                  Only now 1 realised t h a t      Q x e 4 + 23 @el Qf2.
Q e 5 b u t 15 ... d2+ 16 Q x d 2        White) 13 ... g6 14 @xh7 (14          my intended 18 E e l l o s t to             21 Qd6+
ed+ 17 @xd2 0-0-0+ is                    Qf7+ doesn't work; 14 ...             1 ... @cS!
                                                                                8                                     A quicker exit would
strong. S o 13 @bS doesn't               @e7 15 Qxg6 and now not 15                                                have been 21 Qxf6 g x f 6 + 22
seem to solve White's prob-              ... hg 16 @xeS+ b u t 15 ... dc!)                                         Q x f 6 @e2 mate.
lems.                                    14 ... dc! 15 x f l (15 Q x c 3                                                   21  ...        @xd6
    b2) 13 @a3! appears t o b e          @f2+ 16 @dl &4+ 17 @cl                                                            22 @xf7 @cS!
White's s t r o n g e s t , with t h e   0-0-0 is crushing) IS ...                                                    The r e s t i s a massacre.
idea of 13 ...QcS 14 @b3 and             Q f 3 + (Even IS ... c b 16 x x f 6                                               23 Q h 4       @fS+
a draw by repetition (Not 14             ba=@ probably gives White                                                         24 @el         @e4+
b4? Q x b 4 ) . Black can play           no more than perpetual                                                            25 @d2         Q&+
f o r a win with 14 ...@d7 b u t         check) 16 gf (16 a x f 3 ef isn't                                                      0-1
this would b e risky because             better) 16 ... cb. White has
White's position has clearly             no mate, e.g. 17 Qf7+ @d8                                                          Game 53
been improved by t h e t w o             1 @g8+ @d7 19 @e8+ @d6
                                           8                                         18   ...       Bf8!                             -
                                                                                                                       Gallagher Dzevlan
little queen moves.                      20 @fa+ B e 7 and Black                   Very logical, b u t there               Royan 1989
        11   ...         QeS             wins.                                 were a couple of ways t o
        12 cd                                    12  ...       &4!             g o wrong, e.g. 18 ... @cS 19
    I certainly underestim-                  12 ... Qb4+ 13 Q c 3 Q x c 4      Qxd8! @f5+ 20 @el @f2+ 21
ated Black's reply when I                14 0-O! clearly favours               @dl Qg4+ 22 @cl and White
played this, b u t t h e Keres           White.                                is in t h e game; 18 ... Qe6 19
recommendation (12 Qxf6)                         13 @a4+ Qd7                   gel! was t h e other trick.
doesn't look s o h o t either:                   14 @b3        Qxd41                     19 @c4
12 Qxf6 and now:                             There is now no way t o               Unfortunately, exchang-
    a) 12 ... g f ? 13 @h5+ @fa          prevent ... Qd3+ and 15               ing queens by 19 Eel @xf7
14 Q g 6 + Q x g 6 1.5 @dS! with         @xb7 Qc6 16 QbS @b4+ wins             20 @xf7 g x f 7 only acceler-
a good game f o r White.                 f o r Black.                          a t e s t h e end.
    b) 12     ...  @xf6 (Keres                   15 Q c 3      Qd3+                       ...
                                                                                         19        Qb61
didn't consider this natural                     16 Qxd311                         The final nail in t h e cof-
move) (179).                                 After this capture the            fin. 19 ... @xf7 would b e a
     13 @hS+ (13 E f t @h4+ 14           white king is left stranded           serious mistake on account
g3 @xh2 looks terrible f o r             in t h e centre surrounded by         of 20 @xd4 and 19      ... Qxc3
176 Classical Defence                                                                                                           Classical Defence 177
    The m o s t popular way of          8 Q f 3 Q x e 4 9 Q d 3 g e 8 10                                                    b) 14 ... h6 IS @b3+ @ha 16
combatting t h e c3-system.             0-0 h6 11 Q b d 2 Q f 6 12 Q c 4                                                Qxf8+ B x f 8 17 Q f 7 + @g8 18
The e-pawn is pressurised,              (Tartakower - Schlechter,                                                       Q x h 6 + + a h 8 19 Qfl @e8 20
b u t w i t h o u t t h e risk in-      St. Petersburg 1909) and                                                        &6! Qe6 21 @xe6! winning.
volved with 4 ... fS.                   now 12 ... Q c 6 would have                                                         C) 14 ... g 6 15 @b3+ @g7
        S d4                            given Black an equal game.                                                      (IS ... a h 8 16 E x f 8 + @xf8 17
    White h a s a major alter-                    S ...          ed                                                     n f l QfS (17 ... @e8 1 Xf7)  8
native here; S f e d e and                  S ... Qb6?! 6 f e d e 7 Q x e S                                             18 QxfS gf 19 @e6 i s crush-
now:                                    0-0 i s a dubious sacrifice,                                                    ing) 16 Qxf8 @xf8 17 a f l
    a) 6 d 4 e d 7 c d Q b 4 + (7 ...   a s t h e continuation of t h e                                                 winning.
a x e 4 8 d c @xdl+ 9 @xdl              game J. Polgar - Sharif,                                                            d) 14 ... Bxfl+ 15 Wxfl h6
Q f 2 + 10 @c2! Q x h l 11 Q e 3 i s    Brussels 1987, showed: 8               it probably l o s e s by force.          (or 15 ... &16 Q c 4 + a n d 17
good f o r White) 8 Q d 2 @e7           &S! cS 9 d c @xdl+ 10 @xdl             Better is 11 ... @dS b u t               @f6+ wins; IS ... Qe6 of
9 Qd3! (An improvement o n              QxcS 11 Qxf6 gf 12 Q f 3 and           White s t i l l has a g o o d            course a l l o w s 16 a x e 6 and
9 eS Q d S 10 Q c 3 Qe6 when            Black's bishops d o n o t fully        game, e.g. 12 Q d 3 h6 13 c4!            17 Qc4; 15 ... @e7 can b e m e t
Black h a s a firm grip o n             compensate for t h e pawn.             a n d White's c e n t r e i s very       by 16 Qc4+ (16 Qxh7+!? @h8
t h e c e n t r e ) 9 ... Q x e 4 10              6 cd           Qb4+          s t r o n g o r 12 ... Q g 4 13 @c2!)    17 Qg6 a l s o looks s t r o n g )
Qxe4 @xe4+ 11 @f2 Qxd2 12                   Also possible i s 6 ... Qb6,       12 Q d 3 f 6 (183).                      16 ... a h 8 17 @f7 B x f 7 (17 ...
Q b x d 2 @d3? (This i s a ser-         maintaining pressure o n d 4                                                    @d8 18 @hS wins) 18 Q x f 7 +
ious error: 12 ... @dS would            and offering s o m e tactical                                                   @g8 19 Q d 6 + and White is
have l e f t a n unclear situa-         possibilities against the                                                       winning) 16 Qc4+ a h 8 17
tion o n t h e board) 13 g e l +        white centre. Play can con-                                                     Q f 7 + a h 7 18 @d3+ g6 19
Qe6 14 @a4+ c6 15 @b4! Q d 7            tinue 7 Q c 3 0-0 8 es!                                                         @e3! @ f 8 (If 19 ... g 5 20 n f l
16 @xb7 0-0 17 @xc6 a n d               (White has t o play t h i s                                                     with t h e idea of E f 6 wins)
Black didn't have enough                advance now, a s otherwise                                                      20 Q f l @g7 21 Qxh6! and
for t h e pawn in S. Polgar -           every o n e of Black's natural                                                  White wins.
Flear. Brussels 1987.                   developing moves, ... Q c 6 ,                                                      Black doesn't f a r e much
    b) 6 a x e 5 0-0 (6 ... @e7 7       ... Qg4 a n d ... Ee8, will                                                     b e t t e r if he declines t o t a k e
d 4 Qd6 8 Q f 3 a x e 4 9 Qe2           bring         further     pressure                                              o n ~ 5 e .z . 13 ... f e 14 LhxeS!
0-0 10 0-0 c5 a n d now Gla-            against t h e centre, forcing             Previous c o m m e n t a t o r s      e x & ' 15- g x f 8 + axfY8 16
skov's suggestion of 11 Q d 3           him forward under l e s s fav-         have only given 13 Q f 4 Q g 4           @fl+! @g8 17 Qel! and White
was tried o u t in t h e g a m e        ourable circumstances) 8               with a g o o d g a m e f o r             wins. Maybe Black can try
Thinat - Garie, Corr. 1990.             ... d e 9 f e Q d S 10 Q g 5 Q x c 3   Black, b u t a f t e r 13 0-O!           13 ... h6 b u t his kingside is
After 11 ... cd 12 E e l f 5 13 c d     (10 ... f 6 11 Qc4! c6 12 ef gf        White's a t t a c k is decisive,         in t a t t e r s , e.g. 14 &f4 f e 15
Q d 7 14 Q c 3 Q d f 6 15 Q g 5         13 Q h 6 ge8+ 14 @f2 was                        ...
                                                                               e.g. 13 f g 14 Q x g 5 . White           Q x e S E x f 4 loses t o 16 n x f 4
@f7 16 Qxf6 Q x c 3 17 b c              clearly b e t t e r f o r White in     has s t r o n g t h r e a t s on t h e   @xeS 17 Ee4! with t h e idea
@xf6 18 @b3+ a h 8 19 Q e 5             S u t t l e s - Addison, USA Ch        a2-g8 diagonal, along t h e              of ne8+.
b6, W h i t e could have                1965) 11 b c (182).                    f-file a n d a g a i n s t h7. Black               7 Qd2            Qxd2+
gained a clear advantage                    11 ... @e8 (This move has          has several defensive tries:                       8 Q b x d 2 (184)
with 2 0 @dS! e.g. 20 ... g b 8         been awarded a n exclama-                 a) 14 ... Qe6 15 Qxh7+ @h8                      8  ...           @e7
21 Q c 4 Q b 7 22 Q f 7 + @g8 23        tion mark in a number of               16 @hS!! a n d Black can re-                In t h e game J. Polgar -
@xd6 winning) 7 d 4 Qd6                 previous books, b u t in f a c t       sign.                                    Djuric, Adelaide 1986187,
178 Classical Defence                                                                                                                 Classical Defence 179
                                         would give White a clear                Black w a s n o t enamoured                  serving t h e right to develop
                                         advantage.                              with 16 ... g6, b u t neverthe-              the king's bishop to a
                                                                                 l e s s t h i s w a s t h e only way         square o t h e r than c4.
                                                                                 t o s t a y in t h e game (16 ... f 5
                                                                                 17 Q e 3 @as 18 b 4 i s very
                                                                                 s t r o n g ) . 17 f 5 l o o k s like a
                                                                                 g o o d way to develop t h e
                                                                                 a t t a c k , whilst 1 7 Q e 3 s h o u l d
                                                                                 a l s o c o m e i n t o considerat-
                                                                                 ion.
                                                                                           17 Qe3            @xa2
Black played 8 ... 0-0 and                                                            17 ... @a5 18 b4! will c o m e
a f t e r 9 Q d 3 Q c 6 10 0-0 Q b 4                                             to t h e s a m e thing.
11 Q b l cS 12 a 3 Q c 6 13 dS                10      ... QdS!                             1 gal!
                                                                                             8
Q e 7 14 a 4 t h e players have            This move, which I'd                      The queen is forced f r o m                         4 ...           Qc6
arrived in a s t r a n g e sort of       completely overlooked, was              c o n t r o l of dS.                              4 ... Q f 6 i s t h e subject of
Benoni. The position fav-                played instantly by my                            18   ...          @xb2             games 55 and 56; and 4 ...
o u r s White as Black will              opponent.                                         19 QdS!           g6               Q g 4 has a l s o been tried,
find i t difficult to achieve                    1
                                                1 ed                                 A very s a d move to have                b u t S Q a 4 looks promising
any queenside counterplay.                   Owing to t h e t h r e a t s of     to play.                                     f o r White. In t h i s variation
          9 Qd3                          ... Qe3 and ... Q x f 4 , t h i s is              2 0 Q x f 6 + Egg7                 i t i s very common f o r
    9 e c 2 i s an interesting           forced.                                           21 gab1                            White to exchange o f f
alternative, e.g. 9 ... Q f S 10               11     ...     @e3+                   Now driving t h e queen                  Black's bishop in t h i s fash-
Q d 3 Q x e 4 11 Q x e 4 dS 12                 12 Eghl        &cd3               off t h e long diagonal.                     ion. Hebden - Schaerer.
0-0-0 a x e 4 13 a x e 4 d e 14                 13 Bcl          Qd7!                       21  ...          @a2               Lugano 1984 now contin-
Hhel fS (Hay - Shaw, Aust-                   Now 14 Bxc7 Q f 6 leaves                      22 dS             1-0              ued: 5 ... ef 6 d 4 Q x f 3 7 gf
ralia 1970). Estrin now gives            White in bad shape. Sud-                    After 22 ....@xf6 23 @c3+                @h4+ 8 B e 2 Qb6 8 Q x b 6 a b
15 g4! g 6 16 gf gf 17 dS! with          denly, 1 had to look f o r a            B e 7 (23 ...B f S 24 g4+ B x g 4            10 e d 2 gS I! @dl a n d
a d a n g e r o u s initiative f o r     way to hold my position                 25 @h3 m a t e ) 24 g f e l + @d7            White's t w o bishops and
White.                                   together.                               25 e f 6 .                                   s t r o n g c e n t r e compensate
          9  ...         0-0                       14 Qc41 B e 4 7                                                            f o r t h e pawn. If White
    9 ... Q d S leads nowhere                Black's s e n s e of danger                       Game 5 4                       doesn't wish to play in s u c h
a f t e r 10 g3; 9 ... Q x e 4 10        had d e s e r t e d him. A f t e r 14                         -
                                                                                             Hebden Lane                      a way, then S h3 is to b e re-
a x e 4 d 5 11 0-0 d e 12 Q x e 4        ... @xdl IS n f x d l Q f 6 16 Q e 3                London 1987                      commended.
0-0 13 H c 2 i s p l e a s a n t f o r   E e 8 17 E d 3 Be7 t h e chances                                                               s QbS!
White, b u t t h i s might b e           a r e a b o u t equal. White's                  1     e4        eS                       This s h o w s up Black's
Black's b e s t c o u r s e of           p r e s s u r e on t h e queenside              2     f4       QcS                   f o u r t h move a s inaccurate.
action.                                  compensates f o r his bad                    3 Qf3              d6                             s ...            19P7
          10 0-011 (185)                 pawn s t r u c t u r e .                     4 Qc3 (186)                                  If Black allows his pawn
    This        careless      move                 iS QgS!        @xdS             This i s t h e m o s t a c c u r a t e     s t r u c t u r e t o be ruined then
allows Black to complicate                         16 @d3         Qf67           move o r d e r if White plans                White would have a com-
t h e issue. Instead, 10 @e2                 I t i s understandable t h a t      to avoid playing 4 c3, re-                   f o r t a b l e advantage, e.g. 5 ...
180 Classical Defence                                                                                                 Classical Defence 181
Q g 4 6 Qxc6+ b c 7 f e d e 8 h3   his king.                                                                  12 Q x b 6 a b 13 0-0 Q c 6 (13
Q x f 3 9 @xf3 with a clear               I1 @el          0-0-O?!                                             ... Q x e 4doesn't work this
advantage f o r White in               Wherever he g o e s he will                                            time because of 14 a d 4 ! ;
Schlechter - Tietz, Carls-         be followed, b u t there were                                              maybe 13 ... Q b d 7 is best)
bad 1906.                          more chances of with-                                                      14 bS Q e 7 15 @b3 @d7 16
        6 Qa4       Qb6            standing a kingside on-                                                    Q d 4 dS and now according
        7 Q x b 6 ab               slaught.                                                                   to Kavalek 17 &S! would
        8 d 3 (187)                          12 a 4       ef                                                  have given White a clear
                                             13 Q x f 4 ab8                                                   advantage (comments based
                                       Black wasn't very keen                                                 on notes by Speelman in
                                   o n 13 ... Q e S 14 QxeS d e 15                                            Informator).
                                   @c3.                                     the        recent     Candidates'       6 d3          &4
                                             14 Q d 4     c6                match between S h o r t and         There are a large nunber
                                             IS @c3       Qe8              Speelman, London 1991, of alternatives, but t h e
                                             16 aS        ba               Black preferred 5 ... c6 text, along with 6 ... a6
                                             17 BxaS Q c 7                 here. After 6 d 3 bS!? 7 Q b 3 (game 561, is t h e m o s t com-
                                             I8 Qc4                        @e7 8 @e2 Q b d 7 9 g f l Q b 4 mon:
                                       Although Black h a s man-           10 f e (10 @f2!?) 10 ... d e 11      a) 6 ... 0-0 7 fS! (White
                                   aged to surround his king               g4?! Q c S 12 gS Q f d 7 13 Qd2 seals off t h e centre in
    White h a s a small advan-     with his pieces, White is               a5 14 Q h 4 Q x b 3 t h e players order to concentrate on t h e
tage, b u t also a simple pos-     b e t t e r on every p a r t of t h e   agreed to a draw in a n un-        kingside) 7 ... h6 8 QdS!
ition to play. The advance         board. However, Black's                 clear position. The game Q d 4 (Or 8 ... Q a S 9 Q x f 6 +
f2-f4 is responsible f o r t h e   next move is responsible                Chigorin - Mieses, O s t e n d @xf6 10 g4!) 9 Q x d 4 Q x d 4
larger p a r t of this advan-      f o r hastening t h e end.              1905, is a l s o noteworthy: S 10 Q x f 6 + @xf6 11 c 3 Qb6 12
tage, giving White more                      18 ...       bS?              ... c6 6 f e d e 7 B e 2 Q b d 7 8 @hS with a clear advantage
space and           pressurising             19 QxbS! cb                   d 3 bS 9 Q b 3 a5 10 a4! b 4 11 for White in Hebden -
Black's centre.                              20 g a 7     1-0              Q d l Qa6 12 Q e 3 with t h e Martinovsky, London 1986.
       8   ...        @e7?!            If 20 ... Qe8 21 Q f S o r 20       b e t t e r game f o r White.        b) 6 ... Q g 4 is bad be-
    Black s t a r t s to think     ... Qe6 21 QxbS E d 7 22                   S ... Qe6 6 Q x e 6 f e 7 d 3 cause of 7 QgS!. For ex-
about castling long, b u t his     Qxd6.                                   transposes to t h e f o u r t h ample, 7 ... 0-0 (7 ... h6 8
king will never b e s a f e o n                                            game of t h e same S h o r t - fS!) 8 f5 Qf2+ 9 @fl Qe3+ 10
t h e queenside. I t was bet-                Game SS                       Speelman match. Play cont- Qxe3 Qxe3 11 h 4 with a
ter to play 8 ... a g e 7 9 0-0        Balashov - Matanovic                inued: 7 ... ef (7 ... 0-0 8 dangerous attack.
0-0 10 fS f6 11 Qc4+ @h8 12                 Skopje 1970                    a a 4 is good f o r White) 8         C) 6 ... Q a S 7 @e2!? (7
c3 with an edge for White                                                  Q x f 4 0-0 9 Qa4! Qb4+!? Qb3) 7 ... 4 3 x 4 8 d c
in Capablanca - Molina,                   I     e4        eS               (Black makes s u r e t h a t if (White's pawn s t r u c t u r e
New York 1906.                            2     f4        QcS              White is to g e t t h e bishop has quite a cramping effect
       9 0-0          Qf6                 3     Qf3       d6               he'll have to weaken his o n t h e black position) 8 ...
       1 ah1
        0              h6                 4     Qc3       Qf6              queenside in t h e process. @e7 (maybe 8 ... ef is b e s t )
    White is playing useful               s   Qc4 (188)                    Of course, 9 ... Q x e 4 10 d e 9 fS Q b 4 10 Qd2 Qd7 11
moves, whilst Black is dith-              5     ...  Qc6                   g x f 4 11 Q x c S wins f o r 0-0-0 with advantage to
ering over w h a t t o d o with       In t h e second game of              White) 10 c 3 Qa5 11 b 4 Qb6 White in Alekhine - Grin-
182 Classical Defence                                                                                                 Classical Defence 183
berg, Odessa 1916.                @hl Q x c 4 15 Qxf8 Q e 3 16                                                         19 @xfl         ad8
   d) 6 ...Qe6 7 QbS!. This is    &l @f4 17 Qxg7! Q x g 7 18                                                           20 e6           Qf6
not really a waste of time        @e2) 11QxeS! Qxdl 12 Qxf7+                                                      I t is t o o late t o contem-
a s Black's bishop is poorly      B e 7 13 QxcS+ @f6 14 0-O+                                                   plate giving back the piece
placed on e6. One possible        @xeS 1.5 g f S mate, Alekhine                                                with 20 ... a x e 6 a s the
variation i s 7 ... 0-0 8 fS      - Tenner, Cologne 1907.                                                      black king will be stuck in
Qd7 9 QgS Q d 4 10 Qxd7               C) 7 ... Qb6 (The m o s t so-                                            the middle.
e x d 7 11 Qxf6 with a good       lid) 8 Q x b 6 a b 9 c3 0-0 (9 ...                                                   21 Qcl
game f o r White (ECO).           dS 10 ed Q x d S 11 h3! gives                                                   Threatening 22 QcS.
        7 Qa41 (189)              White an edge; 9 ... ef also                                                         21 ...          axe4
   7 h3 has a l s o been seen,    fails t o equalise, e.g. 10                                                          22 @xbS+ c6
b u t it's much b e t t e r to re-Q x f 4 a h S 11 Qe3 Q e S 12Qb3!       Black decided not t o t e s t           22 ... @f8 looks better.
lieve t h e pressure o n t h e    Qxf3 13 gf @h4+ 14 @d2 with             t h e validity of t h e sacrifice            23 gxc6! a f 8
a7-gl diagonal immediately.       t h e advantage) 10 0-0 (10             and played 11 ... ef. After 12               24 gc1          @g8?
                                  h3 Qxf 3 11 @xf3 Qa.5 12 QbS            Q b 3 Q e 6 13 0-0 gS 14 g3!            This loses a t once. 24 ...
                                  is m e t by 12 ... Qb3!) 1 ...  0       fg? 15 QxgS! White had a             a d 6 would p u t up a little
                                  Q a 5 H QbS with an edge.               crushing attack.                     more resistance.
                                          8 @xf3 Q d 4                           12 f e          Qd7                   25 Ec7!        @d6
                                          9 @dl!?                                13 c 3         Qe6                    26 @e8+ @f8
                                      9 B g 3 is probably stron-                 14 0-O+                               27 a x g 7 + 1-0
                                  ger, f o r example:                         White has very good
                                      a) 9 ... Qxc2+ 10 @dl Qxal          play f o r t h e piece, a s his               Game 56
                                  11 e x g 7 g f 8 12 QxcS d c 13         central pawn phalanx takes               Bangiev - Malaniuk
                                  f e a x e 4 14 g f 1 B e 7 (if 14 ...   away nearly all t h e useful                Tallinn 1986
                                  B d 7 15 Qxf7+!) 15 Qh6 with            squares from t h e knights.
        7   ...       fixf 3?!    the b e t t e r game f o r White               14  ...        Be8
   Again, there are a whole (Keres).                                          14 ... @g8 1.5 d 4 cd 16 cd
h o s t of alternatives:              b) 9 ... ef 10 e x g 7 g f 8 11     h6 17 @b3 looks dangerous
   a) 7 ... Q d 4 8 Q x c S d c 9 QxcS d c 12 Qxf4 bS 13                  a s well.
c3! Q x f 3 + 10 gf QhS. Analy- QxbS+ QxbS 14 SqgS g g 8 1.5                     IS d 4          cd
sis by Bogoljubov now @xf6 Exg5 16 @c6+ @f8 17                                   16 cd          Be77
shows White's b e s t course: @xbS with advantage t o                         Black misses his chance
11 @e2 @d6 12 fe! e x e s 13 White in Honfi - Salm, Corr.                 t o escape into an ending.
f4! @e7 14 @g2 with a good 1958.                                          After 16 ... a x e 5 17 de e x d l
game f o r White.                         9     ...        bS (190)       18 Exdl @e7 White has only
   b) 7   ...  ef 8 Q x c S d c 9         10 Qxf7+!                       a slight advantage.
Q x f 4 Q h S 10 Qe3 QeS?             This is t h e only way t o                 17 Qe3
(Better i s 10 ... 0-0 11 0-0     fight f o r t h e advantage.                Now Black can d o little
Q e S and Glaskov now                     10     ...       @xf 7          against t h e coming pawn
points o u t t h a t White can             1
                                          1 QxcS dc                       mass.
obtain t h e advantage by 12          In the game Lane - S.
QxcS Qxf3 13 gf @gS+ 14           Jackson, British Ch 1989,
184 Classical Defence                                                                                                                   Classical Defence 185

    Black i s willing t o w a s t e             7 ... Q g 4 has a l s o been                     23 Q e 3                       struggling t o defend all his
a tempo, in o r d e r to give a             tried, b u t a f t e r 8 h3 Q x f 3 9           Both s i d e s have very            weaknesses. The position
r e t r e a t s q u a r e to his bish-      B x f 3 B e 7 10 @g3 Q d 4 11 f e          s t r o n g knights, b u t White         i s now a b o u t equal. As
OP                                          d e (Bangiev - Weigend, Corr.              has t h e edge d u e t o his             Black winning a long end-
          7 Rfl!?                           1985/86) 12 @xg7! White                   superior king position.                   ing i s n o t really w h a t t h i s
    There i s something very                could have gained a clear                            23...            Be7           book i s a b o u t , t h e remain-
unaesthetic              about      this    advantage.                                           2 4 @3           bS            ing moves a r e given in
move, b u t nevertheless i t i s                     8 Qxf4 QaS                                  25 @.I4          gac8          brief: 3 0 ... BcS?! 31 E d 2
an        interesting           novelty.            9 Qgs            Qxc4                  Black doesn't w a n t to s i t       @e6 32 E d 5 E h c 8 33 RxcS
White a c c e p t s t h e f a c t t h a t           10 d c           h6               and wait, so he s e e k s s o m e         g x c S 34 n f S Qc6 35 Q d 5
a f t e r 6 ... a6 he h a s l i t t l e             1 Qh4
                                                      1              Qe6              counterplay on t h e queen-               Qe5 36 a b 3 ? ! (Better was 36
hope of castling kingside,                      After 11 ... c6, Bangiev              side.                                     g f 6 + @d7 37 Qe3) 36 ... a 5
b u t he s t i l l w a n t s early          intended 12 Q d 4 with a                            26 c 4            cS+           37 a 4 h 4 38 Q e 3 B c 8 39 EQc3
play o n t h e f-file. There a r e          g o o d game.                                       27 d c                          g b 8 40 Q c 2 Qbl 41 g h S Xgl
several alternatives:                                12 @d3                                If White doesn't make                42 g x h 4 Rxg2 4 3 Q e 3 Ea2
    a) 7 fS!? h6 (7 ... Q d 4 8                 Once again we can s e e               t h i s c a p t u r e , he will b e un-   44 Q x g 4 n a 3 + 45 a c 2 Q x c 4
&S (8 a d s ! ? ) 8 ... c6 9                t h a t t h e pawn s t r u c t u r e is   able to p e n e t r a t e t h e black     46 g h 6 + a d 7 47 E f 6 @e7 4 8
Q x d 4 Q x d 4 10 @f3 with a               favourable f o r White.                   position.                                 g f S g h 3 49 RgS @e6 SO 8 g 8
p l e a s a n t g a m e f o r White) 8               12 ...          XI58                       27 ...            Qxc6+         Q e S 51 a x e 5 a x e 5 52 g g S +
a d 5 Q a S 9 @e2 bS 10 Q b 3                   Black is d e s p e r a t e to                   2 8 @c3           QeS           @xe4 53 BxaS f 5 54 Qa8 f 4
Q x b 3 11 Q x M + @xf6 12 a b              break t h e pin a n d t h e                         29 b3             bc            SS aS g x h 2 + 56 @dl? @d3 57
Q b 7 13 Qe3 Qxe3 14 @xe3                   immediate 12 ... g5 allows                       30 bc                              @el Be3 58 ne8+ a f 3 59 a6
0-0-0 15 c4! with a n edge                  13 QxgS!                                     30 Q x c 4 l o o k s b e t t e r as    Ea2 6 0 B a 8 dS 61 a7 n e 2 + 62
f o r White in Gallagher -                           13 0-0-0 gS                      a n exchange of minor                     &dl Re7 6 3 a d 2 @e4 6 4 B e 2
Davidovic, Szolnok 1987.                             14 Q f 2                         pieces would leave Black                  d 4 0-1.
     b) 7 &S!? (The s t a r t of a              Bangiev criticises t h i s
r a t h e r c r u d e a t t a c k ) 7 ...   move, preferring 14 Qg3
0-0 8 fS bS 9 Qxf7+ (Consi-                 with t h e idea of e5.
s t e n t ) 9 ... g x f 7 10 Qxf7                    14   ...        Qxf 2
@xf7 11 &S (11 g 4 ) 11 ... Q e 7                    is E x f 2 g4!
12 B f 3 Qb7 13 0-0-0 c6 14                          16 a d 4        Qd7
g 4 @g8 1.5 @bl Qb6 16 Qcl                           17 Q d S        @gS+
g f 8 w i t h a n unclear posit-                     18 @d2!? QxdS?
ion, H e r g o t t - Reyes, Dubai               This leaves Black t o o
1986.                                       weak on t h e kingside. Ban-
     C ) 7 f e d e 8 Q g S h6 9 Q x f 6     giev gives 18 ... 0-0-0 19
(Glaskov points o u t t h a t 9             QfS n h 8 20 Q f e 3 Bde8 a s
Q h 4 i s m e t by 9 ... Q e 6 and           unclear.
a f t e r 10 Q d S gS!) 9 ... @xf6                   19 c d          QeS
 10 Q d S @d6 11 @d2 Q e 6 with                      20 Q f S        Xh8
a roughly equal game.                                21 E d f l      @xd2+
           7   ...           ef                      22 a x d 2 hS
                                                                                                                      Second Move Alternatives 187
                                                                               QxgS         with     a    better       Q c 6 14 Qxh7+! winning.
                                                                               endgame f o r White.                              7 c41
                                                                                       3    ...       Qxe4                  It's important to gain
                                                                                   Black can play 3 ... dS              some space o n t h e queen-
                                                                               and a f t e r 4 f e Qxe4 ( 4 ... d e
12) Second Move Alternatives                                                   5 ef ef 6 e x f 3 Qc6 7 QbS
                                                                                                                        side and to place dS under
                                                                                                                        s o m e pressure.
                                                                               H x f 6 8 @xf6 gf 9 d4! gives                     7 ...         Qb4+
                                                                               White a good game) 5 d 3                     7 ... c6 8 Q c 3 Qe7 9 Qe3
                                                                               Qc5 w e transpose back to               0-0 10 @d2 b6 11Q d 3 Q a 6 12
         Game 57                       examples a f t e r 3 Qf3:               t h e game.                             c d cd 13 Ed1 led to a good
    Bronstein - Yusupov                   a) 3 ... Q d 7 4 d 4 Q g f 6 S           3 ... ef i s t h e Schallop         game f o r White in Brons-
        USSR 1981                      f e a x e 4 6 Qd3 d5 7 Qc3!?            Defence.                                tein - Holmov, Vilnius 1975.
                                       Q x c 3 8 b c Qe7 9 0-0 0-0 10                  4 fe                                      8 Qd2         Qxd2+
       I    e4         eS              @el n e 8 11 H g 3 Qf8 12 &S                After 4 @e2, Black                            9 @xd2 c6
       2    f4         Q f 6 (192)     f6 13 ef Qxf6 14 Qd2 cS 15              should avoid 4 ... Q c 5 5 d 4                   10 Qc3         0-0
                                       gxf6! @ i f 6 16 n f l He7 17           Q e 6 6 fS! winning. Better is                   I1 Ecl         Qc77
                                       g x f 8 + @xf8 18 @f3+ @g8 19           4 ... d5.                                   Black has s p e n t five
                                       Qxh7+ a h 8 20 @hS Q g 4 21                     4   ...        dS               moves wandering around
                                       @h4 @f6 22 &6+ a g 8 23                        S d3            QcS              with t h i s knight only to
                                       Qf7+ S f 8 24 e x g 4 B e 4 25                 6 d4            Qe6 (193)        end up o n c7. 11 ... b6 fol-
                                       Q h 7 + @xf7 26 Q x f 6 g x g 4                                                 lowed by ...Qa6 would have
                                       27 Q x g 4 with a winning                                                       been a b e t t e r try.
                                       endgame f o r White in                                                                   12 c d         cd
                                       Vritsky - Lepman, Simfe-                                                            12 ... Q x d S seems more
                                       ropol 1986.                                                                     logical, b u t a f t e r 13 Q x d S
                                          b) 3 ... Q c 6 4 d 4 e d 5       I                                           @xdS 14 Q c 4 @e4+ 15 B e 2
    This counter-attacking             Q x d 4 Q f 6 a c 3 Q d 7 7 Qe3                                                 @xe2+ 16 a x e 2 White has a
move h a s never a t t r a c t e d a   Qe7 8 @d2 0-0 9 0-0-0 a6                                                        very active position.
great following, a s t h e b e s t                      1
                                       10 Qe2 @a8 1 h3 Q x d 4 12                                                               13 Q d 3
t h a t Black can hope f o r is        Qxd4 Qc6 13 Q f 3 g d 8 14 g 4                                                      Black's kingside is be-
transposition t o t h e Schal-         with a clearly b e t t e r posi-                                                ginning t o look decidedly
lop Defence.                           tion f o r White, Shikova -                6 ... Q e 4 is dubious a s           shaky.-
    2 ... @h4+ is t h e subject        Honfi, Plovdiv 1980.                    Black would soon b e forced                      13 ...         &4
of game 58.                                    3 433                           to exchange i t o f f , a t t h e                14 QgS!        fS
    2 ... d 6 is extremely pas-           3 f e is also playable. The          same time assisting White's                 This is forced as 14 ... h6
sive and is only likely t o be         game Fischer - Wade, Vin-               development, e.g. Rohde -               loses to IS Qh7! n e 8 16
played by devotees of t h e            kovci 1968, continued: 3 ...            Martz, Lone Pine 1977, con-             0-0 intending Qf6+.
Philidor Defence. White has            Qxe4 4 Q f 3 QgS S d4                   tinued: 7 a d 3 (7 c4) 7 ... Qe7                 IS h3
no particular difficulty in            Q x f 3 + 6 @xf3 @h4+ 7 @f2             8 0-0 0-0 (8 ... c5 9 c 4 i s               15 0-0 would have been
achieving a pleasant posit-            @xf2+ 8 @xf2 Q c 6 9 c 3 d6             good f o r White) 9 QbdZ!               even stronger, f o r example:
ion with a space advan-                1 e d Qxd6 11 a d 2 Qe6 12
                                        0                                      Q x d 2 10 Qxd2 cS?! 11 d c             15 ... h6 16 QxdS! Q x d S 17
tage. Here a r e a couple of           Q e 4 Qe7 13 Q g S QxgS 14              QxcS+ 12 @hl &4 13 @el                  Q e 6 @e7 18 Q x f 8 @xf8 I9
188 Second Move Alternative                                                                               Second Move Alternatives 189
h3 QhS 20 BxfS+, winning.                                                  The d-pawn is taboo. 42                  4 fe
       IS ...          Qhs                                           ... @xd6 43 Ec6.                          This leads t o an endgame
       16 0-0          Qg6                                                  43 hg      $xg4                with only a small advan-
   16 ... h6 17 QxdS! is sim-                                               44 QeS!    &gS                 tage. If White feels like
ilar to t h e previous note.                                                45 $e7!                        punishing Black for his
       17 QbS!                                                          White avoids t h e l a s t         cheeky check, then 4 Qc3!
   White's knight forces his                                         trap: 45 Qf7+ Exf7 46 $xf7            is the move. Black now has
way into the fine outpost                                            Q f 5.                                a choice of taking o n f 4 o r
on d6, a s 17 ... a x b 5 18 Qe6!                                           4 s ...    Elf6                playing the solid ... d6:
wins, e.g. 18 ...$b6 19 Q x f 8                                             46 Rc7     xe8                     a) 4 ... ef 5 d 4 f g 6 Qf4!.
$xd4+ 20 @hl @xf8 21 @gS!                                                   47 Q f 7 + Exf7                White has a very dangerous
$xd3 22 $d8+ @f7 23 e6+                With the idea of $d3.                4 8 $xgS   1-0                 initiative and the black
@xe6 24 gfel+.                             27 ...     Qac7                                                 queen is looking rather silly.
       17 ...          Qba6                28 $d3      g6                                                  Relatively best for Black
       1 Qd6
         8             h6                  29 Qb3     ah8                   Game S8                        is 6 ... dS (6 ... Q f 6 7 eS d6 8
       19 Q f 3        Qe6                 30 Qa4                     N. McDonald - Bachmayr               @e2!) and now 7 hg! looks
       20 @hi!         m8              Over the next ten moves               Zug 1991                      b e s t (Glaskov recommends
       21 Qgl!                      o r s o , White slowly im-                                             7 QxdS, b u t I believe t h a t
   White threatens t o win          proves his position, not                 I e4             eS           Black has sufficient defen-
the f-pawn and gives him-           wishing t o undertake any-               2 f4             $h4+         sive resources after the
self t h e possibility of re-       thing drastic until t h e time       About a n hour before t h e       exchange of queens). White
routing the knight t o a            control has been neg-            game McDonald decided to              is only a pawn down with a
more effective square (c3           otiated.                         play t h e f i r s t King's Gambit    big lead in development
o r f4).                                   30 ...      ng8           of his life. I hurriedly gave         (Note t h a t t h e rook on hl is
       21  ...         @gS                 31 $d2      Eg7           him a few tips in some of             already developed). I'm
       22 $f2          Qb4                 32$f2       Ef8           t h e critical lines, but when        looking forward t o a prac-
   More solid would have                   33 gc3      gs            he enquired about 2 ...$ h4+          tical testing.
been 22 ... Q a c 7 and 23 ...             34 g f c l Qg6            I replied "Oh don't worry                b) 4 ... d6 S Q f 3 (5 d 4 is
Qe8.                                       35 Qc2     Qe8            Neil, nobody ever plays               interesting and S QdS $d8
       23 QbS!         f4                  36 Qxg6     Exg6          that!".                               6 d 4 c6 7 Qc3 deserves
   23 ... Q x a 2 24 Eal.                  37 $c2      Egg8                 3 g3              $e7 (195)    attention. If you count the
       24 Qf3!                             38 Qc8     $f7                                                  useful moves White is
   Times have changed, s o                 39 $b3     Q6g7           195                                   about one and a half up) S
the knight returns.                        40 Qd6! Q x d 6           w                                     ... Qg4 6 h3 Qxf3 7 $xf3
       24  ...         $e7                 41 e d                                                          Q f 6 8 d3. After this calm
       2 s $d2         Qa6             With a strong passed                                                move, White's superiority
       26 Qd3          QhS (1941    pawn, control of the c-file                                            becomes apparent: the bish-
   An exchange of bishops           and a beautiful outpost on                                             op pair and a kingside
would have enabled White            e5, White has a decisive                                               space advantage can be
t o penetrate on t h e king-        advantage.                                                             added t o the awkward
side white squares.                        41 ...      Be6                                                 placing of the black queen.
       27 Qc2!                             42 $xb7     g4                                                          4  ...          d6!
190 Second Move Alternativ                                                                                     Second Move Alternatives 191
         S ed           *e4+              I t was more accurate t o
         6 ee2          @xe2+          have played 13 ...QcS. After         to         occupy       menacing    36 ... fS fails to 37 Q a x c 5
         7 a x e 2 Qxd6                14 b 4 Q e 6 15 a x e 6 Qxe6 16      squares,         harassing   the    QdxcS 38 Q x c S f 4 39 Qxe6!
         8 Qbc3 c6                     bS Q d S 17 Q x d S QxdS 18          queenside pawns, whilst             f 3 4 0 a d 4 f 2 41 a f 5 + and
    Black is worried a b o u t 9       QxdS c d 19 @d2 White has a          t h e more active position of       t h e pawn is stopped just in
Q b S and 8 ... Q d 7 can be           slightly better endgame,             his king will add to his            time.
m e t by 9 Qd4!, b u t t h e t e x t   b u t with careful defence           advantage.                                  s
                                                                                                                       3 @cS         QxcS
does hinder Black's deve-              Black should be assured of                    27...         Ed                  36 Q x c S Qxa3
lopment. A b e t t e r equalis-        a draw.                                       28 ga4        axe4                37 c 4        Qc2+
ing try would have been 8                     14 b4!                                 29 Q x a 4 Q e d 7                38 @i2        Qb4
... a6 and a f t e r 9 &2, simp-          White finds a very good                    30 Q c 4      QdS                 39 @c3        as
ly 9 ...Q c 6 .                        plan ... Q c S i s prevented                  31 a3         Qc7                 4 0 d4       ad
        9 d3                           and t h e b-pawn can be                   This knight manoeuvre                 41 dS         QeS
    This is t h e m o s t natural      advanced further in order            was Black's b e s t way to t r y           42 @d4        f6
b u t White h a s an interest-         to soften u p t h e long diag-       to hold t h e queenside.                   43 d 6        hS
ing alternative: 9 b3 Q f 6 10         onal.                                         32 Qd6        @f8                 4 4 @dS       Be8
Qb2 &4 11 1Eg2 Q b d 7 12 h3                  14 ...         Ee8+                    33 @e3        a6                  4s a e 6      1-0
Q f 5 13 0-0-0 0-0-0 14 g h f l               IS @d2        QeS                      34 Q b 7      abS              McDonald          certainly
Qg6 1S Q f 4 with a n edge                    16 bS         &4                  The alternative 34 ... Q e 6    hadn't expected his first -
f o r White, Murey - Eng,                     17 bc          bc             35 B e 4 @e7 36 @dS is un-          King's Gambit to provide
Beersheeva 1985.                          Black has a temporary             attractive f o r Black. T h e       one of his b e s t positional
         9  ...         Qf6            initiative, b u t his weak           a t t e m p t to complicate with    games!
          0
        1 QgS           Qbd7           queenside is n o t going to
        1 Qg2
          1             h6             g o away.
          2
        I Qf4                                 18 h3         Qf3
    White i s          happy    to            19 g h f l    Qxg2
exchange t h e s e bishops a s                2 0 Q x g 2 ?lad8
8 ... c6 a l s o weakened t h e               21 Bael        CS
d a r k squares.                              22 BfS!
        12  ...         Qxf 4             The only move b u t a
         13 Q x f 4 0-0 (196)          good one.
                                              22   ...      Qc4+
                                              23 @dl         Exel+
                                              24 @xel        Ee8+
                                              25 @f2        QeS
                                              26 Q e 3       ge6
                                              27 g f 4 !
                                          Because of t h e t h r e a t of
                                       Ba4, Black has little choice
                                       b u t to allow an exchange
                                       of rooks. After this, the
                                       white knights will be able
                                                                 Index o f Variations 193



                                                3     a f 3 and now:
Index of Variations   A) 3 . . . d 6
                      B) 3 ...Qe7
                      C) 3 ... g s
                      D) 3 ... d5
                      E) 3 ... Q c 6
                      F) 3... h6
                      G) 3 ... Q f 6
                      H) 3 ... Others
A) 2 ... dS 3 ed e4
B) 2 ... d5 3 ed c6   A)
C) 2 ... QcS          3...d64d4g55h4g46Qglf37gf                                          11
D)2 ... Others                                            7 Qg5 Qe7 8 '&d2 f6            13
                                                                      8 ... h6           14
                                              6 ... Q f 6                                17
                                              6 ... Qh6 7 Q c 3 c6                       19
                                                          7 ... Qe6                      22
                                                          7 ... Q c 6                    2.5
                                              6 ... @f6                                  28
                            4Qc4 h 6 5 d 3 g S 6 g 3 Q h 3                               31
                                               6 ... g 4                                 34

                      B)
                      3 ... Qe7 4 Qc4 Q f 6 5 e5 &4 6 d4                                 39
                                                    6 0-0                                42
                                4 Qc3Qf6                                                 44
                                4 ... Qh4+ 5 @e2 c6                                      46
                                           5 ... dS                                      49

                      C)
                      3 . . . g S 4 h 4 g 4 5 Q e S h5                                   53
                                            5 ... d5                                     55
                                            5 ... d6                                     56
                                          ...
                                            5 Qg7                                        59
                                            5 ...Q f 6 6 Qc4 d5 7 ed Qd6 8 d4 Q h 5      63
                                                                            8 ... 0-0    67
                                                       6 d4 d6 7 Q d 3 a x e 4 +
                                                                           1
                                   8 Qxf 4 He7 9 We2 Q c 6 10 c3 Qf5 1 Q d 2 Qxd2        73
                                                                          11 ... 0-0-0   76
194 Index of Variatlons
   Coverage of Black's major defences
Grandmaster Joe Gallagher is one of Europe's most aitack-
minded players. His aggressive style of play is ideally suited to
the international Swiss tournament circuit, where he has won
numerous events over the last few years. This is his first book for


                        .
Other Winning With.. books from Henry Holt include:




Winning With the English            Winning With the Bishop's Opening
Zoltan Ribli and Gabor Kallai       Gary Lane

For a list of other titles in the
Batsford Chess Library, write to:
Henry Holt and Company, Inc.,
1 15 West 18th Street, New York,
New York 10011.

				
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