SPRING 2009 CASTLE VETERINARY SURGEONS Montalbo Road, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham Branch Surgery: 34 Maude Terrace, St. Helen Auckland, Co. Durham NEWS Practice Facilities • Ample Parking The battle of the bulge! • Modern Surgical Facilities The long winter months are often a time of inactivity and weight gain for many pets. Hypothyroidism • Separate Wards for Dogs & Cats however, keeping our pets fit and trim is just The thyroid glands, as important for pets as it is for ourselves, since found in the neck, • Qualified Nursing Staff produce thyroid obesity is known to cause or worsen a number of • In-house Laboratory hormone which conditions including arthritis, heart disease, regulates your • Pet health Counsellor for and diabetes mellitus – to name just three! pet’s metabolism. advice on all aspects of pet If you suspect that your pet has become a little Under production health from birth to old age. too “cuddly”, the first thing to do is to arrange of thyroid hormone is called • Reception Offices open for us to weigh him or her. We will also give hypothyroidism and is a relatively common condition 0 from 8.15am - 6.00pm your pet a thorough physical examination to in older dogs. Lower levels 0 Monday to Friday for: check for any medical conditions that can also of thyroid hormone result in • Making of Appointments result in weight gain (such as hypo- a decrease in the metabolic throidism – see panel right). rate, usually leading to weight • Pet Food & Accessories gain and generalised lethargy. • Routine Worming and Although conditions such as hypothy- Other signs often include coat Flea Treatments roidism can be an issue for some pets, problems and recurrent ear in the majority of cases there are no and skin infections. Consulting Times underlying medical problems and here Diagnosis of hypothyroidism barnard Castle Surgery we can advise you on the best form of can be tricky, but in confirmed X-ray of an arthritic By Appointment hip joint in a dog. The weight loss programme for your pet. cases, daily treatment with monday - Friday symptoms of arthritis So, if your pet is looking a little podgy oral thyroid supplements are 8.30 - 10.30am, are often much worse in usually very successful in get in touch since weight loss can make treating the condition. 1.30 - 3.00pm, 4.00 - 6.00pm overweight pets. a huge difference to your pet’s health! Saturday 9.00am - 12.00 noon Emergencies seen at any time Rabbiting on..... (Please phone first if possible) WiTh The onset of warmer spring weather, now is the time to protect your rabbit from the risk of infectious diseases – specifically Myxomatosis and Viral haemorrhagic Disease. 01833 637700 (Office Hours) Myxomatosis is a very distressing viral disease that affects both wild and domesticated rab- St. Helens Surgery bits. The virus is spread by blood sucking insects such as rabbit fleas and mosquitoes. The By Appointment virus multiplies on the skin of affected rabbits, causing puffy swellings of the eyes, usually monday & Friday leading to blindness. Affected rabbits become very ill, often suffering from pneumonia and sadly most will die over a period of 10-14 days. 8.30 - 11.00am, 2.00 - 6.00pm Viral Haemorrhagic Disease is another highly contagious and very deadly viral tuesday - thursday disease. The virus is spread both by direct contact between rabbits, or via contami- 8.30 - 10.00am, 2.00 - 6.00pm nated hutches, bedding or food and sometimes inadvertently by humans. Symp- Saturday toms include loss of appetite, lethargy, nose bleeds and sudden death. 9.00 - 11.00am happily we are now able to offer you protection against both of these deadly infec- Emergencies seen during tious diseases – please contact us now to arrange a health check and vaccination. normal surgery hours. While we’re on the subject of rabbits, don’t forget that another danger they (Please phone first) face comes from flies. if your rabbit is allowed to get at all soiled around the 01388 450700 (Office Hours) bottom area, flies can lay eggs there which develop into flesh eating maggots within hours causing pain and sometimes death. So don’t forget to check, and if necessary clean, your rabbit’s bottom area daily and to seek veterinary advice if 01833 695695 their droppings are too loose or too hard and predispose to soiling. And if you do (Out of Hours Emergencies) see any signs of fly eggs or maggots – please call us straight away. Rabbit photo: Jane Burton For further information on any of the topics covered in this newsletter, please contact the practice on 01833 637700. The heart of the matter! The heart as a pump In a healthy heart, the right side of the heart receives deoxygen- ated blood from the tissues of the body. As the chambers of the right side contract, they pump the blood to the lungs where the blood is reoxygenated. The oxy- gen rich blood then flows back Down the DID you know that the heart disease, and this can be into the left side of the heart. As the chambers of the left side con- microscope! is the most vital muscle in the gradual or sudden in onset. tract, the blood is then pumped IT’s A worrying thought that there body? The key function of the There are many possible caus- to the tissues of the body. This is are a large number of parasites just illustrated diagramatically below. heart (see box right) is to es of heart disease, however itching to live on your pet! Here we pump de-oxygenated blood to the two most common causes As the heart muscle squeezes look at a few of them: and pumps, valves within the the lungs where it is reoxygen- are due to either heart valve heart prevent back flow of blood. Fleas are 2-3mm in length and ated and pump reoxygenated problems, or a problem with Oxygen-rich need little introduction to most pet blood back to the tissues of the heart muscle itself. Blood to the lungs blood from the lungs owners! They feed on your pet’s the body – delivering oxygen Heart disease is commonly Oxygen depleted blood causing intense irritation and Blood to and vital nutrients for life. associated with a range of blood from the body the body sometimes allergic skin reactions. Whilst most of us (and our symptoms including: Moving down in size, fur mites Left atrium pets!) thankfully take all this • Reluctance to exercise Right atrium (Cheyletiella) are just about for granted, heart disease is • Tiring more easily visible with the naked eye, nevertheless surprisingly com- • Coughing Right ventricle Left ventricle but require microscopic mon; around 10% of older • Laboured breathing Right side Left side examination for positive dogs suffer from • Pale or blueish gums Oxygen-depleted blood identification. sometimes x30 heart disease • Fainting or collapse Oxygen-rich blood called creeping dandruff, and it can affect If you are concerned that your these mites infest dogs, cats and younger dogs pet is showing any of these The good news however is that rabbits. They cause a varying degree and other pets signs, please come and see us new methods of diagnosis and of irritation and (like fleas) may as well. for a full clinical examination novel forms of treatment are also bite owners of affected pets. Any loss of normal heart – as with many illnesses, early now transforming the lives of Ear mites (Otodectes cynotis) function is called heart detection is the golden rule! many pets with heart disease. affect dogs and cats, infesting the external ear canal – see A word in your ear! article left. The mites are visible to the naked eye DO yOu notice your pets scratching their ears? Are there any and lead to excessive wax x75 signs of redness or discharge? Ear problems are surprisingly common and in order to understand them better we need to production and great irritation. know a little about the anatomy of the ear. Moving down further again in size, The ear is a complex structure protected externally by a pinna Sarcoptes scabiei is the mite (or flap). A narrow external ear canal carries which causes mange in dogs and sound down to the ear drum, where it passes foxes. In contrast to Cheyle- onto the middle and inner ear. tiella, this is a burrowing Most of the ear problems seen in dogs and cats occur mite – living below the in the external ear canal – a condition called otitis externa (or canker). Symptoms commonly include ear rubbing, head surface of the skin where it x100 Pinna shaking and reddened skin lining the ear canal. This is often causes very intense irritation. accompanied by a discharge which may be foul smelling. Please contact us if you would like There are several underlying causes of otitis externa including Labrador photo: Jane Burton. Ear diagram: Jenny Hole any further information on any of Inner ear ear mite infestation (common in puppies and kittens – see External the parasites mentioned above. ear canal article right), trapped foreign bodies (such as grass seeds) and Finally, with the warmer spring localised inflammation of the skin lining the ear canals – often Ear drum seen as part of a more generalised allergic skin condition. weather here (at last!), it is essential Middle ear The key to success with otitis externa is early diagnosis of the to keep one jump ahead of fleas! The ear in cross section. Most ear problems underlying cause and effective treatment. Please come and Please let us advise you on the best occur in the external ear canal see us if you are at all worried about your pet’s ears. form of flea control for your pets! This Newsletter is provided as an education service to our clients. All news and other items in this newsletter are for information only and should not be treated as a substitute for specialist veterinary advice. For all images, the copyright is the property of the photographer.
Pages to are hidden for
"The battle of the bulge! Hypothyroidism"Please download to view full document