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The American Puritans

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					The American

Puritans

The American Puritans
The Religious Background Protestant Reformation

John Calvin

The Institutes of the Christian Church
Election/Predestination/

The American Puritans
John Winthrop and the City on a Hill

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The American Puritans
John Winthrop and the City on a Hill

The Idea of Community Multiple Members Rights, Duties, Obligations What holds the community together

The American Puritans
Anne Hutchinson and the Antinomian Controversy

The Covenant of Works vs. Faith Alone
November 1637 Hutchinson charged with “traducing the ministers and their ministry”

Meetings John Cotton Trial: the necessity of good behavior? Works? Victory: claims of revelation? Blasphemy. Exile

The American Puritans
The Rise of Cromwell in England

The Civil War to the "Glorious Revolution" (1642-1688) •1642: Civil War in England (-1646). Parliament revolts against Charles I's authority. Hostilities break out between Royalist forces and troops loyal to the Parliamentarian ("Roundhead") cause. •1643: Confederation of New England formed by Connecticut, New Haven, Plymouth and Massachusetts.

•1645: Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army inflicts a decisive defeat on Royalist forces at the Battle of Naseby.
•1646: English Civil War ends with Charles I's surrender to Parliament; English occupy Bahamas.

The American Puritans
The Rise of Cromwell in England

•1647: Charles I arrested and imprisoned; Episcopacy abolished and Presbyterian Church established in England.

•1648: Cromwell renounces King's authority; Parliament votes to try Charles I for treason; George Fox founds the Society of Friends (Quakers).
•1649: Charles I tried and executed in London; Scotland proclaims Charles II King of Scots; England declared a Commonwealth; Cromwell invades Catholic Ireland; Maryland passes act of toleration, professing belief in the Holy Trinity; Puritans exiled from Virginia settle Providence, Maryland. •1650: Dutch and English agree N. American frontiers. •1651: Charles II crowned in Scotland. Invades England with Scottish force and is defeated by Cromwell at Worcester; English Navigation Act establishes monopoly of N. American trade routes.

The American Puritans
The Rise of Cromwell in England

•1653: Cromwell made Lord Protector of English Commonwealth. •1655: Anglican services prohibited in England; English capture Jamaica. •1657: Cromwell rejects title of "King." •1658: Oliver Cromwell d. Succeeded as Lord Protector by his son, Richard Cromwell.

•1659: Robert Cromwell resigns; Constitutional crisis between Army and Parliament in England.
•1660: Parliament invites Charles II to return to England. •1661: Restoration of English monarchy under Charles II; John Eliot translates the Bible into Algonquin (the first American edition of the Bible)

The AmericanPuritans
The Cambridge Platform: 1649 The doors of Christ's churches on earth do not stand so wide open that all sorts of people, good or bad, may freely enter as they desire. Those who are admitted to church membership must first be examined and tested as to whether they are ready to be received into church fellowship or not. … These things are required of all church members: repentance from sin and faith in Jesus Christ. Therefore repentance and faith are the things about which individuals must be examined before they are granted membership in a church, and they must profess and demonstrate these in such a way as to satisfy rational charity that they are genuinely present.

The AmericanPuritans
The Halfway Covenant: 1662 Children of Baptized members can become active members of the church without parents undergoing a saving work of grace.

Power?

Authority?

The AmericanPuritans
The Open Communion: Solomon Stoddard (1643-1729) Decline in number of conversions
Importance of Northampton Stoddard’s family ties Son of wealthy Anthony Stoddard and mother was niece of John Winthrop

Graduated from Harvard in 1662, time in Barbados, and calling to Northampton in Connecticut River Valley

The American Puritans
The Open Communion: Solomon Stoddard (1643-1729) 1677
Stopped practice of double book entries Accusations of chaos, heathenism, etc.

The American Puritans: Salem, 1692
Pastor Samuel Parrish "THE DEVIL hath been raised amongst us, & his

Rage is vehement & terrible, & when he shall be silenc'd the Lord only knows." So wrote Samuel Parris, the pastor of Salem Village, in his church record book in late March 1692 when confronted with what was discovered to be a diabolical occurrence taking place in this small Massachusetts hamlet.
. 150 examined; 50 falsely accused

Judge Samuel Sewall

The American Puritans: The Great Awakening
Links to Stoddard George Whitefield (down to PA
Animated preaching Appeals to the unchurched

New ideas of churched

The American Puritans: The Great Awakening
Jonathan Edwards

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God


				
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