Velvet Antler Science Substantiates New Hope for Arthritis Suffers - DOC by eib63834

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									    Velvet Antler: Science Substantiates New
           Hope for Arthritis Suffers
                                                           by P. S.
                                                           McNeary
                                                           reprinted with
                                                           permission of
                                                           North American
                                                           Elk Breeders
                                                           Association

                                                           Velvet Antler
                                                           For more than
                                                           2000 years, a
                                                           remarkable
                                                           natural remedy
                                                           called velvet
                                                           antler has been
                                                           prized by
                                                           healers in
                                                           various cultures
                                                           around the
                                                           world.

In China, Korea, Japan and Russia, velvet antler has reportedly been used
to prevent, heal and relieve ailments and injuries. Today, a vast body of
research conducted in those countries is now revealing an impressive
array of reported abilities of velvet antler to reduce inflammation,
influence body metabolism, support immune function, protect damaged
tissues and affect blood, liver and kidney function and more. In fact,
laboratory analyses now show that velvet contains an amazingly
comprehensive nutritional profile including collagen, amino acids,
essential fatty acids, minerals, trace minerals, and other functional
proteins, all vital components for human metabolic function.

Remarkably, velvet has gone virtually unnoticed by western nutritional
supplement marketers…until now.

What is Velvet?
Velvet or velvet antler is harvested annually from naturally farmed elk
livestock. Male elk grow and naturally shed a set of antlers every year.

When elk antlers are "in velvet" it is the most "nutrient abundant" phase
of the antlers' incredibly prolific growth cycle. It is at this time every
spring, that breeders of elk collect the velvet antler under hygienic
supervision. This process is not harmful to the elk and the velvet antler is
an annually renewable resource. Once the antler is removed, it is then
processed, analyzed at a laboratory, encapsulated and ultimately
packaged for the consumer as a nutritional supplement.

North Ame rican Elk Breeders Association and Nature's Velvet
Since its inception in 1990, the North American Elk Breeders Association
(NAEBA) has sought to bring this highly renowned supplement to the
American consumer. Nature's VelvetTM is the name used to describe
velvet antler products marketed by members of the North American Elk
Breeders Association. NAEBA's express purpose is to support the
production of the highest quality elk and elk velvet products, and the
processing and marketing of all North American velvet antler products.
Best practices for management of North American elk and Quality
Assurance Standards for elk products has been developed and published
by the international, non-profit organization.

Osteo-Arthritis Breakthrough
Osteo-arthritis, also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common
form of arthritis. Many factors can initiate osteo-arthritis, including injury
to cartilage, as well as the aging process with or without injury. Osteo-
arthritis occurs when the cartilage, which acts as a cushioning shock
absorber between the bones in the joints of hands, hips, knees or back,
begins to break down, leading to significant pain and disability.

Recently, the ability for Nature's Velvet TM to "support and restore joint
structure and function" (as a result of osteo-arthritis) was substantiated by
scientific evidence in compliance with FDA regulations. This means that
validated scientific studies from around the world prove that velvet antler
is a significant anti- inflammatory agent for the symptoms of osteo-
arthritis and possibly other types of acute chronic inflammation as well.

Within the comprehensive network of velvet's nutrients, some, such as
glycosamino glycans, calcium, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids,
certainly contribute to joint support and relieving inflammation. Recently
however, research has established that the high level of chondroitin
sulfate found in velvet antler acts like a "liquid magnet" attracting fluid
into the proteoglycan molecules to ultimately help support human and
animal cartilage. This is critical because this fluid acts as a spongy shock
absorber and attracts nutrients into the cartilage. Without this fluid,
cartilage becomes malnourished, drier and more fragile. In fact, there
appears to be a correlation between joint cartilage affected by osteo-
arthritis and reduced levels of chondroitin sulfate. Therefore, studies have
definitively confirmed that the chondroitin sulfate in velvet antler actually
"helps restore joint function" in people with osteo-arthritis. At the time of
the writing of this publication, researchers are also evaluating of velvet
antler will also be awarded additional health claim status for "supporting
joint structure and function" resulting from rheumatoid arthritis. It is no
wonder that health consultants are referring to velvet as a "comprehensive
arthritis complex" of nutritional components.

A Bright Future for Nature's Velvet
Biochemical testing for native collagen in antler is expected to further
verify that velvet "supports joint structure and function" resulting from
common symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Collagen constitutes more
that a quarter of the total fibrous protein which works together with the
connective tissues of the human body. These tests could well validate
velvet as one of the most scientifically substantiated nutritional materials
associated with the treatment of symptoms of arthritis.

What is Nature's Velvet?
The unique health benefits associated with Nature's VelvetT M are
attributed to the biochemicals that regulate its cell physiology and make it
the most rapidly growing organ in the adult animal kingdom. When the
elk antler is "in velvet", it contains the maximum possible levels of
healing properties. Nature's VelvetTM is humanely and hygienically
removed in late spring. If it is not removed at this time, the antler will
begin to harden and calcify. In the fall, during rutting season, the antler, if
it has not been removed, can actually become dangerous to the livestock
animal and the herd.

North American elk antlers are shed naturally every winter and begin the
growth process all over again in early spring. In fact, within the first 70
days of growth, the antlers of North American elk can grow to over 40
pounds.

Elk have the ability to rapidly heal their own broken bones, torn muscles
and severed tendons. The elk is the only animal that is known to utilize
self-healing powers to regenerate bone, muscle and tissue. It is these
properties that, in fact, produce the antlers annually.

Nature's Velvet and Research
It is noteworthy that velvet antler has historically been the subject of
numerous studies conducted at universities, hospitals, and institutes, etc.
Currently, researchers are investigating the role of Nature's VelvetTM in
studies associated with anti-aging, immune support, mood disorders,
blood enrichment, chronic joint pain of osteo-arthritis, the side effects of
chemotherapy, bone and muscle growth, joint restoration, healthy sexual
function in men and women, and increased energy levels. The following
represent a sampling of research studies associated with the potential
health benefits of velvet antler:

       Increased IGF studies in England - Nature's VelvetT M is high in
       IGF-1, an insulin- like growth factor. A study at Oxford University
       has linked this rapid growth to increased medicinal value in
       humans for promoting muscular development, preventing
       muscular atrophy, and slowing the deteriorating effects of aging.

      Anti-tumor effects studied in New Zealand - studies on mice
       have shown anti-tumor activity in velvet antler.

      Blood benefits studied in China - studies with velvet antler have
       shown positive results in improving blood parameters and an
       increase in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in
       blood.

      Heart benefits reported - various studies report an increase in
       heart strength and the volume of blood pumped through the heart.

      Improved circulation studies in China - the polysaccharides in
       velvet antler have been linked to biological activities, such as
       improving circulation, reducing the blood's tendency to clot,
       decreasing risk of stoke, and improving general cardiovascular
       heath.

      Improved mood support widely studie d - the inhibitory effect
       of velvet antler on monoamine oxidase activity has been
       associated with an increased availability of neuro-transmitters to
       the brain, resulting in enhanced mood.

      Steroidal tende ncies studied in Canada - recent clinical studies
       from the University of Alberta in Canada with the Alberta Police
       Department and the University of Alberta football team have
       shown the levels of testosterone in certain dosages of velvet build
       and tone muscle.

      Increased energy studies in Russia - the velvet extract pantocirn
       has been shown to increase the work capacity in mice.

Good Ne ws for U.S. Consume rs
Until recently, the Korean and Chinese markets were consuming the
world supply of Nature's VelvetTM. Producers of Nature's VelvetT M have
known its powerful abilities and have been attempting to introduce it to
the Western world but the Asian market was insatiable. The recent Asian
financial crisis has caused the foreign market to collapse, leaving, for the
first time, an opportunity for this extraordinary product to be processed
here in North America. The fact that elk antler is used to treat a wide
variety of health conditions does not mean it is a wonder cure. However,
because many illnesses are the result of nutritional deficiencies, it appears
that the wide spectrum of nutritional components in velvet positively
address these imbalances in a save, gentle manner, with no side-effects.

Nature's VelvetTM is an all- natural, regenerative, sustainable resource and
a comprehensive nutrient. Nature's VelvetT M supplements are currently
marketed as encapsulated, 100% whole velvet antler, liquid extracts and
powdered extracts. As Nature's VelvetT M marketers expand their product
lines, consumers will find velvet antler sold in a variety of other health-
related products.

The North American Elk Breeders Association, the American Elk
Products Board, and the Elk Research Council are supporting further
research in the United States into the extensive reported health attributes
of Nature's VelvetTM.


References

   1. Ahn, B.H. Study on the nutritive value of velvet antler by major
       producing districts. Kor. J. An. Nutr. 18(3), 173-178, 1994.
   2. Chen et al. Inhibitory effects of the extract of pilose antler on
       monoamine oxidase in aged mice. Ch. J. Chin. Mat. 17(2), 107-
       128, 1992.
   3. Clifford et al. Can an extract of deer antlers alter cardiovascular
       dynamics? Am. J. Ch. Med. 7(4), 345-350, 1979.
   4. Conte et al. Biochemical and pharmacokinetic aspects of oral
       treatment with chondroitin sulfate. Arzneim. Forsch. 45, 918-925,
       1995.
   5. Huang, et al. A new monitoring system of cultured myocardial
       cell motion effect of pilose antler extract and cardioactive agent
       on spontaneous beating of myocardial cell sheets. Chem Phar.
       Bul. 39(2), 383-387, 1991.
   6. Ivankina et al. Prostaglandin- like activity, fatty acid and
       phospholipid composition of sika deer (Cervus nippon) antlers at
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   7. Kim et al. Anti-tumor activity of fermented antler on sarcoma 180
       in mice. Yakhak Hoeji 38(6), 795-799, 1994.
   8. Morreale et al. Comparison of the anti- inflammatory efficacy of
       chondroitin sulfate and diclofenac sodium in patients with knee
       osteo-arthritis. J. Rheumatol. 23, 1385-1391, 1996.
   9. Palmiera et al. Metabolic fate of exogenous chondroitin sulfate in
       the experimental animal. Arzneim. Forsch. 40, 319-323, 1990.
   10. Price et al. Cells cultured from the growing tip of red deer antler
       express alkaline phosphatase and proliferate in response to
       insulin- like growth factor-I. Jour. End. 143(2), 9-16, 1994.
   11. Sentikar et al. Pharmacokinetics of glucosamine in the dog and
       man. Arzneim. Forsch. 36, 729-735, 1986.
12. Sentikar et al. Antiarthritic effects of glucosamine sulfate studied
    in animal models. Arzneim. Forsch. 41, 542-545, 1991.
13. Sentikar et al. Pharmacokinetics of glucosamine in man. Arzneim.
    Forsch. 43, 1109-1113, 1993.
14. Sunwoo et al. Chemical composition of antlers from wapiti
    (Cervus elaphus). J. Agric. Food Chem. 43, 2846-2849, 1995
15. Sunwoo et al. Glycosaminoglycans from growing antlers of wapiti
    (Cervus elaphus). Can. J. Animal Sci. 77, 715-721, 1997.
16. Sunwoo et al. Isolation characterization and localization of
    glycosaminoglycans in growing antlers of wapiti (Cervus
    elaphus). Comp. Biochem. Phusiol B 120, 273-283, 1998.
17. Sunwoo et al. Isolation and characterization of proteoglycans from
    growing antlers of wapiti (Cervus elaphus). Comp. Biochem.
    Physiol B, in press, 1998.
18. Suttie et al. The New Zealand Velvet Industry: Background and
    research findings. 1994.
19. Zhang et al. Purification and partial characterization of anti-
    inflammatory peptide from pilose antler of Cervus nippon
    Temminch. Acta Phar. Sin. 27(5), 321-324, 1992.
20. Zhang et al. Anti- inflammatory effects of pilose antler peptice.
    Acta Phar. Sin. 15(3), 282-284, 1994.

								
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