[...] talks should aim to attract these countries to participate in the international division of labor surrounding the development of peaceful nuclear technology in exchange for strict adherence to the Non- Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Additional Protocol. The article establishes the necessity of strengthening scientific and technical cooperation to fight nuclear terrorism, controlling the reduction of nuclear weapons and materials, and detecting undeclared nuclear activities, as well as supporting physical security, materials control and accounting of nuclear materials, and increased safety at nuclear reactors.
FORUM U.S./Russia nuclear lowing: information exchange, dialogue, joint situation analysis, open and frank sides had several thousands of nuclear warheads, that principle was justified. cooperation discussion of differences in threat per- But today, there is a new task: to go to ceptions, and a desire to understand even lower levels. Linton F. Brooks’s “A Vision for U.S.- one another. In this case, it would be reasonable Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Secu- In addition to these fundamental to adhere to principles of equal secu- rity” (Issues, Fall 2009) is devoted to one considerations, one must add missile rity, including nuclear and non-nuclear of the most important issues between defense, because its specific bound- elements and the positioning of for- Russia and the United States, the res- aries have yet to be defined. Where is ward-base capabilities along the bor- olution of which is essential to our missile defense necessary to address ders of nonfriendly countries. joint future and the future of the world the defense of Europe and the United With respect to the nuclear threat in general. States from the potential launch of bal- from Iran and North Korea, it would The article correctly underscores listic missiles by certain countries, and be wise to hold direct talks with them, the replacement of Cold War prolifer- where might it be the catalyst for a starting with a guarantee by the United ation threats with an increased threat new arms race? States that no steps would be taken from radiological terrorism, because The article provides a positive eval- toward regime change if they do not act knowledge about nuclear technologies uation of the developing Russian-U.S. as aggressors. Such talks should aim allows their quick development by a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty dis- to attract these countries to partici- significant number of countries at min- cussions, which speaks to the fact that pate in the international division of imal expense. But this widening circle both sides will support having nuclear labor surrounding the development of of countries developing peaceful nuclear forces of nearly equal size. When both peaceful nuclear technology in exchange activities is also able to create the sci- for strict adherence to the Non-Prolif- entific and technical precursors to eration Treaty (NPT) and the Addi- accessing nuclear weapons. tional Protocol. The NPT played, and The article also notes that the collec- continues to play, a positive role, but it tive experience with cooperation between has deficiencies. Russia and the United States over more The steps proposed to strengthen than a half century allows one to speak the nonproliferation regime should be of the possibility of creating a long- supported, and we should jointly con- term partnership to strengthen global
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