anti-nuclear-weapon by absences

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									                                                    June 15, 2009 Vol. 66
                                                  by Theodore Pigott, special correspondent

                            North Korea at It Again
        The world’s attention turned to the Korean peninsula this spring as tensions
between North and South Korea began to rise. With North Korea talking tough and
claiming that it had tested another nuclear bomb, the relationship between the two
sides is at its lowest, and perhaps most dangerous, point in recent years.
        Korea was a single country until the end of World War II. Then, a brutal
civil war broke out. The North was supported by China while the South was backed
by the United States. The two sides fought until 1953, when a temporary peace
agreement was signed. In the years that followed, there were no further major military
outbreaks, but the two sides kept a careful eye on one another. Even today, both
North and South Korea still have troops located on the border that separates the two
countries.
        This spring, however, North Korea began to take actions that would threaten
the peace between the two sides. In April, it launched a long-range missile. The rest
of the world, including the United Nations, condemned North Korea for this move.
In response, North Korea announced on May 25 that it had successfully completed a
second nuclear weapons test. The country’s first test had taken place in 2006. It also
stated that the temporary peace agreement that had stopped the Korean War in 1953
would no longer be followed.
        Why is North Korea now acting in such an unpredictable and risky way?
Some say that it is because South Korea recently joined a US-led effort to stop the
spread of nuclear weapons. For years, the United States has been trying to get North
Korea to end its nuclear weapons program. Others say that North Korea’s leader, the
mysterious Kim Jong-Il, is just looking for attention. Experts also say the North
Korea badly needs economic assistance, and these recent moves might be an attempt
to bargain for help.
        In any case, with its recent actions, North Korea is certainly threatening to
upset more than fifty years of relative peace between North and South Korea.
Reading Comprehension
(   ) 1. Two Koreas ______.
         (A) separated after World War II      (B) became one after World War I
         (C) were never one country            (D) are going to be one country
(   ) 2. What best describes the relationships between two Koreas?
          (A) They are working closely together on many aspects; for example, military.
          (B) They are at war ever since the end of World War II.
          (C) They both have troops stationed on the border which separates two
          Koreas.
          (D) The two countries are at peace for a long time, and they want to be one
          country again.
(   ) 3. What broke the fragile peace between two Koreas?
         (A) North Korea launched a missile.
         (B) North Korea tested its nuclear weapons.
         (C) South Korea troops went across the border.
         (D) South Korea tested its nuclear bomb.
(   ) 4. According to the article, which of the following is NOT a possible reason for
         the North Korea to test the nuclear weapons?
         (A) South Korea joined a anti-nuclear-weapon program.
         (B) The leader of North Korea wants attention.
         (C) North Korea needs economic assistance.
         (D) North Korea is seeking peace between the two countries.
(   ) 5. When did a civil war break out in Korea?
         (A) After World War I.
         (B) After World War II.
         (C) After 1953.
         (D) In 2006.
Vocabulary and Phrases

1.    Korea [] n. 大韓民國
      通稱韓國或南韓,首都首爾。位於東北亞朝鮮半島南端,三面環海,西
      南、東南和東邊分別面對黃海、朝鮮海峽、與日本海。北面隔著三八線非
      軍事區與北韓相鄰。
      Korean adj. 韓國的
2.    be at it again …又來了 (表不贊同某人做某事)
      Tommy is at it again. Every time he is late for school, he makes excuses.
3.    peninsula [] n. 半島
      A peninsula is a long piece of land, which has three sides facing the ocean or
      lake, and one side sticks to the land.
4.    tension [] n. 緊繃,緊張
      Exercise can help relax and reduce tension.
5.    tough [] adj. 強硬的
      It's time to get tough with drunk drivers.
6.    nuclear [] adj. 核子的
      People in Taiwan were debating whether they should build another nuclear
      power plant or not.
7.    World War II [] n. 第二次世界大戰
      部份學者認為第二次世界大戰的起迄時間為從 1939 年 9 月 1 日德國入侵波
      蘭開始,到 1945 年 9 月 2 日日本向同盟國投降結束。戰火遍及歐、亞、
      美、非及大洋洲五大洲;大西洋、太平洋、印度洋及北冰洋四大洋,造成
      了約 7 千 2 百多萬人死亡,為目前規模最大的全球性戰爭。交戰雙方為同
      盟國與軸心國,前者由中華民國、美國、英國、自由法國、蘇聯等為主的
      政府組織組成,後者由納粹德國、日本帝國、義大利王國等為軍國主義國
      家。最後同盟國贏得勝利。
8.    brutal [] adj. 殘忍的
      It's brutal to abuse the cat like that. Please don’t pull its tail anymore!
9.    outbreak [] n. 爆發
      Racial problems led to the outbreak of the American Civil War.
10.   keep an eye on… 盯著 (某人) ,注意 (某人的) 行動
      You should keep an eye on Terry. I found that she stole people’s things from
      time to time.
11.   launch [] v. 發射
      NASA will launch a new satellite tomorrow morning.
12.   United Nations [] n. 聯合國
      為一由主權國家組成的國際組織。1945 年 6 月 26 日,50 個創始會員國在
      美國加州舊金山簽定《聯合國憲章》。該憲章於於 1945 年 10 月 24 日生
      效,聯合國正式成立。1946 年 1 月 10 日舉行第一次會員國大會,51 個國
      家出席。到 2008 年為止,聯合國共有 192 個成員國。
13.   condemn [] v. 譴責
      The factory was condemned for releasing toxic gas into the air.
14.   unpredictable [] adj. 無法預測的,出乎意料的
      Some people say that the weather in Taipei is unpredictable. Sometimes it is
      humid, and sometimes it is sunny.
15. risky [] adj. 冒險的,大膽的
    It’s very risky to go to the beach when typhoon’s coming.
16. recently [] adv. 最近
    I am reading Amy Tan’s novel Joy Luck Club recently. I am almost finishing it.
17. mysterious [] adj. 神秘的
    Several people reported that they have seen mysterious lights in the sky.
18. Kim Jong-il n. 金正日
    目前北韓最高領導人,北韓建國者金日成的兒子。
19. assistance [] n. 協助
    Government should offer financial assistance to the students who cannot pay the
    tuition.
20. bargain [] v. 討價還價,談條件
    Wang bargained with the real estate agent for a lower price.
21. certainly [] adv. 必定,一定
    Ben works so hard that I believe he will certainly succeed in the future.
Translation

                北韓又來了


     今年春天,南北韓緊張情勢升高,全球將關注焦點轉向朝鮮半島。北韓
態度強硬,聲稱其已測試另一枚核彈,雙邊關係處於近年來最低迷的時刻,也
可能是最危險的時刻。
     第二次世界大戰結束前,韓國都還是個統一的國家。第二次世界大戰結
束後爆發激烈內戰,北方有中國的支持;南方有美國當靠山,雙方戰至 1953
年才簽訂暫時和平協定。接下來這些年間,並未爆發進一步的大型戰爭,但雙
方互相嚴密監視。即使到了今天,南北韓都仍有軍隊駐守在分隔兩國的邊界
上。
     然而,北韓今春開始進行威脅雙邊和平的行動。四月時,北韓發射一枚
長程飛彈,全世界其他國家,包括聯合國在內,均譴責北韓的舉動。北韓的回
應竟是在 5 月 25 日宣稱已成功完成第二次核武測試。該國的第一次測試是於
2006 年進行。北韓還表示將不再遵守讓韓戰於 1953 年終止的暫時和平協定。
     為何北韓目前的行事如此危險而無法預測?有人認為,是因為南韓近來
在美國帶領下,加入阻止核武擴散的行動。長年以來,美國即已不斷試著要讓
北韓終止其核武計畫。也有人認為,只是北韓神祕領導人金正日想引人注意罷
了。專家也認為,北韓亟需經濟援助,而最近的這些舉動,可能是嘗試爭取協
助的籌碼。
     無論如何,北韓近來的行動,確實對南北韓五十餘年來的相對和平造成
了威脅。

閱讀測驗解答:
A, C, A, D, B

								
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