Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Botswana - FAO FAO Home

VIEWS: 28 PAGES: 53

									      Forestry Department
      Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations




          GLOBAL FOREST RESOURCES
              ASSESSMENT 2010


                    BOTSWANA

                     COUNTRY REPORT

                           VERSION #, D ATE




Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010        Country Report 2010/027
                                                           Rome, 2008
                      The Forest Resources Assessment Programme

Sustainably managed forests have multiple environmental and socio-economic functions important at
the global, national and local scales, and play a vital part in sustainable development. Reliable and up -
to-dat e information on the state of forest resources - not only on area and area change, but also on
such variables as growing stock, wood and non-wood products, carbon, protected areas, use of
forests for recreation and ot her services, biological diversity and forests’ contribution to national
economies - is crucial to support decision-making for policies and programmes in forestry and
sustainable development at all levels.


FAO, at the request of its member countries, regularly monitors the world’s forests and their
management and uses through the Forest Resources Assessment Programme. This country report
forms part of the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010 (FRA 2010).

The reporting framework for FRA 2010 is based on the thematic elements of sustainable forest
management acknowledged in intergovernmental forest-related fora and includes variables related to
the extent, condition, uses and values of forest resources, as well as the policy, legal and institutional
framework related to forests. More information on the FRA 2010 process and the results - including all
the country reports - is available on the FRA Web site (www.fao.org/ forestry/fra ).

The Global Forest Resourc es Assessment process is coordinated by the Forestry Department at FAO
headquart ers in Rome. The contact person for matters related to FRA 2010 is:

Mette Løyche Wilkie
Senior Forestry Officer
FAO Forestry Department
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome 00153, Italy

E-mail: Mette.LoycheWilkie@fao.org

Readers can also use the following e-mail address: fra@fao.org


                                              DISCLAIMER

         The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not
imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agricult ure Organization
of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its
authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

          The Global Forest Resourc es Assessment Country Report Series is designed to document
and mak e available the information forming the basis for the FRA reports. The Country Reports have
been compiled by officially nominated country correspondents in collaboration with FAO staff. Prior to
finalisation, these reports were subject to validation by fores try authorities in the respective countries.




                                                      2
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana



Contents

INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5
1        TABLE T1 – EXTENT OF FOREST AND OTHER WOODED LAND.............................................................. 6
2        TABLE T2 – FOREST OW NERS HIP AND MANAGEMENT RIGHTS .......................................................... 11
3        TABLE T3 – FOREST DESIGNATION AND MANAGEMENT ........................................................................ 15
4        TABLE T4 – FOREST CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................................... 19
5        TABLE T5 – FOREST ESTABLIS HMENT AND REGENERATION .............................................................. 22
6        TABLE T6 – GROWING STOCK ................................................................................................................................ 24
7        TABLE T7 – BIOMASS STOCK ................................................................................................................................. 27
8        TABLE T8 – CARBON STOCK................................................................................................................................... 29
9        TABLE T9 – FOREST FI RES ....................................................................................................................................... 32
10       TABLE T10 – OTHER DISTURBANCES AFFECTI NG FOREST HEALTH AND VITALITY ............... 35
11       TABLE T11 – WOOD REMOV ALS AND VALUE OF REMOV ALS ............................................................... 38
12       TABLE T12 – NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS REMOVALS AND VALUE OF REMOVALS ...... 40
13       TABLE T13 – EMPLOYMENT ..................................................................................................................................... 43
14       TABLE T14 – POLICY AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.3
15       TABLE T15 – INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK ................................................................................................... 47
16       TABLE T16 – EDUCATION AND RES EARCH ..................................................................................................... 49
17       TABLE T17 – PUBLIC REVENUE COLLECTION AND EXP ENDITURE ................................................... 51




                                                                                         3
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana



Report preparation and contact persons

The present report was prepared by the following person(s):


 Name
 (FAMIL Y NAME, First      Instituti on / address       E-mail   Fax   Tables
 name)




                                                    4
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




Introduction

(Optional)




                                      5
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




1       Table T1 – Extent of Forest and Other wooded land


1.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                        Definiti on
 Forest                          Land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 meters and
                                 a canopy cover of more than 10 percent, or trees able to reach these
                                 thresholds in situ. It does not include land that is predominantly under
                                 agricultural or urban land use.
 Other wooded land               Land not classified as “Forest”, spanning more than 0.5 hectares; with trees
                                 higher than 5 meters and a canopy cover of 5-10 percent, or t rees able to
                                 reach these thresholds in situ; or with a combined cover of shrubs, bushes
                                 and trees above 10 percent. It does not include land that is predominantly
                                 under agricultural or urban land use.
 Other land                      All land that is not classified as “Forest” or “Other wooded land”.
 Other land with tree cover      Land classified as “Other land”, spanning more than 0.5 hectares with a
 (Subordinated to “Other         canopy cover of more than 10 percent of trees able to reach a height of 5
 land”)                          meters at maturity.
 Inland water bodies             Inland water bodies generally include major rivers, lakes and water
                                 reservoirs.



1.2     National data

1.2.1   Data sources

 References to sources of        Quality     Vari able(s)       Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                    (H/ M/ L)
 Land Utilization                    H           Land            1990     Primary Data source
 Di vision, Ministry of                        Systems
 Agriculture, Republic of                        Map
 Bots wana. 1990. Land
 Systems Map of the
 Republic o f Botswana.
 FRA 2000. Botswana                  H          Rate of          2005     Secondary data source
 country report                              deforestation
 FAOSTAT                             H        Land area          2005     Secondary data source



1.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass              Definiti on




1.2.3 Original data
Reference year: 1990


                                                            6
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


 National Classification                           Area (‘000) ha
 FL Forb land                                                 170
 GR Grassland                                               2 796
 GR/ SA Grassland/ Savanna                                    662
 GR/ ST Grassland/ Tree savanna                               224
 SS/ GR Shrub savanna / grassland                              93
 GR/ SA/W Grassland/ Savanna / woodland                     1 304
 SA Savanna                                                20 965
 SS Shrub savanna                                           2 277
 SA/SS Savanna / Shrub savanna                              3 608
 SS/SA Shrub savanna / Savanna                             20 106
 ST Tree Savanna                                            1 736
 SS/ST Shrub savanna / Tree Savanna                            76
 ST/SA Tree Savanna / Savanna                                  76
 SA/ST Savanna / Tree Savanna                                 693
 SS/W Shrub savanna / woodland                                272
 W/SA Woodland / Savanna                                      520
 SA/W Savanna / Woodland                                    1 296
 S/SS/SA Swamp / Shrub savanna / Savanna                      216
 S/SA/W Swamp / Savanna / Woodland                            625
 Total                                                     57 715

Reference year: 2000

FRA 2000 estimated the annual net change rate in Botswana to be -118345, primarily based
on rates from neighbouring countries.


1.3      Analysis and processing of national data

1.3.1    Calibration
                     From FAOS TAT
Total Country Area ('000)ha                           58173
Inland water ('000)ha                                  1500
Land area ('000)ha                                    56673

Reference year: 1990

Total country area according to source ('000) ha            57715
Calibrat ion factor                                   1.007944277

On calibration , the original data becomes:

 National Classification                           Area (‘000) ha
 FL Forb land                                                 171
 GR Grassland                                                2818
 GR/ SA Grassland/ Savanna                                    667
 GR/ ST Grassland/ Tree savanna                               226
 SS/ GR Shrub savanna / grassland                              94
 GR/ SA/W Grassland/ Savanna / woodland                      1314
 SA Savanna                                                 21132
 SS Shrub savanna                                            2295



                                                        7
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


SA/SS Savanna / Shrub savanna                           3637
SS/SA Shrub savanna / Savanna                          20265
ST Tree Savanna                                         1750
SS/ST Shrub savanna / Tree Savanna                        77
ST/SA Tree Savanna / Savanna                              77
SA/ST Savanna / Tree Savanna                             699
SS/W Shrub savanna / woodland                            274
W/SA Woodland / Savanna                                  524
SA/W Savanna / Woodland                                 1306
S/SS/SA Swamp / Shrub savanna / Savanna                  218
S/SA/W Swamp / Savanna / Woodland                        630
Total                                                  58173



1.3.2 Estimation and forecasting
Due to lack of further information, estimation and forecasting has been done using the
calibrated areas from 1990 and the estimated net change rate from FRA 2000. This was done
after reclassification.


1.3.3 Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories
Reference year: 1990

                                                                 Other
                                                                 wooded
National Classification                        Forest            land           Other l and
FL Forb land                                                                          100%
GR Grassland                                                                          100%
GR/ SA Grassland/ Savanna                                  10%          20%             70%
GR/ ST Grassland/ Tree savanna                             30%                          70%
SS/ GR Shrub savanna / grassland                                        60%             40%
GR/ SA/W Grassland/ Savanna / woodland                  40%                             60%
SA Savanna                                              15%             65%             20%
SS Shrub savanna                                        15%             85%
SA/SS Savanna / Shrub savanna                           25%             75%
SS/SA Shrub savanna / Savanna                           25%             75%
ST Tree Savanna                                        100%
SS/ST Shrub savanna / Tree Savanna                      50%             50%
ST/SA Tree Savanna / Savanna                            50%             50%
SA/ST Savanna / Tree Savanna                            50%             30%            20%
SS/W Shrub savanna / woodland                           40%             30%            30%
W/SA Woodland / Savanna                                 80%             20%
SA/W Savanna / Woodland                                 50%             20%            30%
S/SS/SA Swamp / Shrub savanna / Savanna                 10%             30%            60%
S/SA/W Swamp / Savanna / Woodland                       30%             30%            40%

After reclassification, we get:
                                          Forest            Other wooded        Other
National Classification                   (‘000 ha)         land (‘000 ha)      land(‘000ha)
FL Forb land                                                                             171
GR Grassland                                                                            2818
GR/ SA Grassland/ Savanna                             67                  133            467



                                                 8
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


GR/ ST Grassland/ Tree savanna                              68                              158
SS/ GR Shrub savanna / grassland                                             56              37
GR/ SA/W Grassland/ Savanna / woodland                  526                                 789
SA Savanna                                             3170               13736            4226
SS Shrub savanna                                        344                1951
SA/SS Savanna / Shrub savanna                           909                2727
SS/SA Shrub savanna / Savanna                          5066               15199
ST Tree Savanna                                        1750
SS/ST Shrub savanna / Tree Savanna                       38                  38
ST/SA Tree Savanna / Savanna                             38                  38
SA/ST Savanna / Tree Savanna                            349                 210             140
SS/W Shrub savanna / woodland                           110                  82              82
W/SA Woodland / Savanna                                 419                 105
SA/W Savanna / Woodland                                 653                 261             392
S/SS/SA Swamp / Shrub savanna / Savanna                  22                  65             131
S/SA/W Swamp / Savanna / Woodland                       189                 189             252

On re-arranging:


 FRA Categ ories                   Area (1000 hectares)
                                           1990
 Forest                                             13718
 Other wooded land                                  34791

Forest area in a reporting year X= Forest area in 1990- (rate of deforestation* (X-1990))
The same value is reported for Other wooded land in all three reporting years.


1.4       Data for Table T1

                                                       Area (1000 hectares)
FRA 2010 categories
                                          1990          2000         2005           2010
Forest                                      13718         12535        11943
Other wooded land                           34791         34791        34791
Other land                                   8164          9347         9939
  ...of which with tree cover
Inland water bodies                          1500            1500          1500
Total for country                           58173           58173         58173




1.5       Comments to Table T1

 Vari able / category           Comments related to data,                 Comments on the reported trend
                                definitions, etc.
 Forest                         The classification is based on the Land
                                Systems Map of the Republic of
                                Botswana for the year 1990 wh ich was
                                used or FRA 2000. There are a two
                                biomass studies undertaken by



                                                        9
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


                              Millington et al ( for reference years
                              1984 and 1986); however, the exact
                              forest area is not easily quantified fro m
                              these studies. Use of the Land Systems
                              Map has been preferred since the
                              informat ion for 2000 was validated by
                              the country before publication.
                              Reference for 1986: Millington, A. ,
                              R. Critcheley, T. Douglas & P Ryan
                              1994. Estimat ing woody bio mass in
                              sub-saharan Africa. Washington,
                              IBRD / World Bank
                              Reference for 1984: Millington, A.,
                              and Towsend, J. (eds.) 1989. Bio mass
                              assessment: Woody biomass in the
                              SADC reg ion. Earth scans Publication
                              Ltd. London. UK
 Other wooded land



 Other land



 Other land with tree cover



 Inland water bodies




 Other general comments to the table




 Expected year for completion of ongoing/ planned nati onal forest inventory and/ or RS survey / mapping
 Field inventory
 Remote sensing survey / mapping




                                                       10
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




2        Table T2 – Forest ownership and management rights


2.1      FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                           Definiti on
 Public o wnership                  Forest owned by the State; or administrative units of the public
                                    administration; or by institutions or corporations owned by the public
                                    administration.
 Private ownership                  Forest owned by individuals, families, private co-operatives, communit ies,
                                    corporations and other business entities, religious and educational
                                    institutions, pension or investment funds, NGOs, nature conservation
                                    associations and other private institutions.
    Individuals                     Forest owned by individuals and families.
    (sub-category of Private
    ownership)
    Private business entities and   Forest owned by private corporations, co-operatives, companies and other
    institutions                    business entities, as well as private non-profit organizations such as NGOs,
    (sub-category of Private        nature conservation associations, and religious and educational institutions
    ownership)                      etc.
    Local co mmunit ies             Forest owned by a group of individuals belonging to the same co mmunity
    (sub-category of Private        residing within or in the vicinity of a forest area. The co mmunity members
    ownership)                      are co-owners that share exclusive rights and duties, and benefits contribute
                                    to the community development.
   Indigenous / tribal              Forest owned by communities of indigenous or tribal people.
   communit ies
   (sub-category of Private
   ownership)
 Other types of ownership           Other kind of o wnership arrangements not covered by the categories above.
                                    Also includes areas where ownership is unclear or d isputed.


 Categories related to the hol der of management rights of public forest resources

 Public Ad ministration             The Public Administration (or institutions or corporations owned by the
                                    Public Ad ministration) retains management rights and responsibilities
                                    within the limits specified by the leg islation.
 Individuals/households             Forest management rights and responsibilities are transferred fro m the
                                    Public Ad ministration to individuals or households through long -term
                                    leases or management agreements.
 Private institutions               Forest management rights and responsibilities are transferred fro m the
                                    Public Ad ministration to corporations, other business entities, private co-
                                    operatives, private non-profit institutions and associations, etc., through
                                    long-term leases or management agreements.
 Co mmunit ies                      Forest management rights and responsibilities are transferred fro m the
                                    Public Ad ministration to local communities (including indigenous and
                                    tribal co mmun ities) through long-term leases or management agreements.
 Other form of management           Forests for which the transfer of management rights does not belong to any
 rights                             of the categories mentioned above.




                                                      11
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


2.2     National data

2.2.1   Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality     Vari able(s)    Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




2.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




2.2.3   Original data



2.3     Analysis and processing of national data

2.3.1   Calibration


2.3.2   Estimation and forecasting


2.3.3   Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories




                                                      12
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




2.4      Data for Table T2

Table 2a - Forest ownership

                                                                         Forest area (1000 hectares)
 FRA 2010 Categories
                                                                        1990        2000        2005
 Public o wnership
 Private ownership
  ...of which o wned by individuals
  ...of which o wned by private business entities and institutions
  ...of which o wned by local co mmun ities
  ...of which o wned by indigenous / tribal commun ities
 Other types of ownership
 TOTAL                                                                     13 718     12 535     11 943
Note: If other types of ownership is reported, please specify details in comment to the table.


 Does ownership of trees coincide with ownership of the               Yes
 land on which they are situated?                                     No
 If No above, please describe below how the two d iffer:




Table 2b - Holder of management rights of public forests

                                                       Forest area (1000 hectares)
 FRA 2010 Categories
                                                      1990        2000        2005
 Public Ad ministration
 Individuals
 Private corporations and institutions
 Co mmunit ies
 Other
 TOTAL




                                                         13
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




2.5     Comments to Table T2

 Vari able /         Comments related to data, defini tions,   Comments on the reported trend
 category            etc.
 Public o wnership



 Private
 ownership


 Other types of
 ownership


 Management
 rights




 Other general comments to the table




                                                     14
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




3        Table T3 – Forest designation and management


3.1      FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

Term                        Definiti on
Primary designated function The primary function or management objective assigned to a management unit
                            either by legal prescription, documented decision of the landowner/ manager, or
                            evidence provided by documented studies of forest management practices and
                            customary use.
 Protected areas             Areas especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological
                             diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through
                             legal or other effect ive means.
 Categories of pri mary designated functions
 Production                     Forest area designated primarily for p roduction of wood, fibre, b io-energy
                                and/or non-wood forest products.
 Protection of soil and water   Forest area designated primarily for p rotection of soil and water.
 Conservation of                Forest area designated primarily for conservation of biological diversity.
 biodiversity                   Includes but is not limited to areas designated for biodiversity conservation
                                within the protected areas.
 Social services                Forest area designated primarily for social services.
 Multiple use                   Forest area designated primarily for more than one purpose and where none of
                                these alone is considered as the predominant designated function.
 Other                          Forest areas designated primarily for a function other than production,
                                protection, conservation, social services or mu ltip le use.
 No / unknown                   No or unknown designation.
 Special designation and management categories
 Area of permanent forest       Forest area that is designated to be retained as forest and may not be converted
 estate (PFE)                   to other land use.
 Forest area within             Forest area within formally established protected areas independently of the
 protected areas                purpose for which the protected areas were established.
 Forest area under sustain-     To be defined and documented by the country.
 able forest management
 Forest area with               Forest area that has a long-term (ten years or more) documented management
 management plan                plan, aiming at defined management goals, wh ich is periodically rev ised.




3.2      National data

3.2.1    Data sources

 References to sources of       Quality     Vari able(s)    Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                   (H/ M/ L)




                                                       15
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


3.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass        Definiti on




3.2.3   Original data




3.3     Analysis and processing of national data

3.3.1   Calibration


3.3.2   Estimation and forecasting


3.3.3   Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories




                                           16
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




3.4    Data for Table T3

Table 3a – Primary designated function

                                                                Forest area (1000 hectares)
FRA 2010 Categories
                                                           1990      2000        2005       2010
Production
Protection of soil and water
Conservation of biodiversity
Social services
Multiple use
Other (p lease specify in comments below the table)
No / unknown
TOTAL



Table 3b – Special designation and manage ment categories

                                                                  Forest area (1000 hectares)
FRA 2010 Categories
                                                           1990        2000        2005       2010
Area of permanent forest estate
Forest area within protected areas
Forest area under sustainable forest management
Forest area with management plan




                                                      17
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




3.5      Comments to Table T3

 Vari able /          Comments related to data, defini tions,   Comments on the reported trend
 category             etc.
 Production



 Protection of soil
 and water


 Conservation of
 biodiversity


 Social services



 Multiple use



 Other



 No / unknown
 designation


 Area of permanent
 forest estate


 Forest area within
 protected areas


 Forest area under
 sustainable forest
 management

 Forest area with
 management plan




 Other general comments to the table




                                                    18
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




4       Table T4 – Forest characteristics


4.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Term / categ ory                           Definiti on
 Naturally regenerated forest               Forest predominantly co mposed of trees established through natural
                                            regeneration.
 Introduced species                         A species, subspecies or lower taxon, occurring outside its natural range
                                            (past or present) and dispersal potential (i.e. outside the range it occupies
                                            naturally or could occupy without direct or indirect introduction or care
                                            by humans).
 Characteristics categories
 Primary forest                             Naturally regenerated forest of native species, where there are no clearly
                                            visible indications of human activit ies and the ecological processes are
                                            not significantly disturbed.
 Other naturally regenerated forest         Naturally regenerated forest where there are clearly visible indications of
                                            human activities.
 Other naturally regenerated forest         Other naturally regenerated forest where the trees are predominantly of
 of introduced species                      introduced species.
 (sub-category)
 Planted forest                             Forest predominantly co mposed of trees established through planting
                                            and/or deliberate seeding.
 Planted forest of introduced species       Planted forest, where the planted/seeded trees are predominantly of
 (sub-category)                             introduced species.
 Special categories
 Rubber plantations                         Forest area with rubber tree plantations.

 Mangroves                                  Area of forest and other wooded land with mangrove vegetation.

 Bamboo                                     Area of forest and other wooded land with predominant bamboo
                                            vegetation.




4.2     National data

4.2.1   Data sources

 References to sources of       Quality        Vari able(s)     Year(s)    Addi tional comments
 informati on                   (H/ M/ L)




4.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




                                                           19
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




4.2.3   Original data



4.3     Analysis and processing of national data

4.3.1   Calibration


4.3.2   Estimation and forecasting


4.3.3   Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



4.4     Data for Table T4

Table 4a

                                                  Forest area (1000 hectares)
FRA 2010 Categories
                                      1990           2000           2005        2010
Primary forest
Other naturally regenerated forest
...of which of introduced species
Planted forest
...of which of introduced species
TOTAL




Table 4b

                                                     Area (1000 hectares)
FRA 2010 Categories
                                      1990           2000           2005        2010
Rubber plantations (Forest)
Mangroves (Forest and OWL)
Bamboo (Fo rest and OWL)




                                             20
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




4.5     Comments to Table T4

 Vari able /       Comments related to data, defini tions,   Comments on the reported trend
 category          etc.
 Primary forest



 Other naturally
 regenerating
 forest

 Planted forest



 Rubber
 plantations


 Mangroves



 Bamboo




 Other general comments to the table




                                                     21
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




5       Table T5 – Forest establishment and reforestation


5.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Term                                      Definiti on
 Afforestation                             Establishment of forest through planting and/or deliberate seeding on
                                           land that, until then, was not classified as forest.
 Reforestation                             Re-establishment of forest through planting and/or deliberate seeding on
                                           land classified as forest.
 Natural expansion of forest               Expansion of forests through natural succession on land that, until then,
                                           was under another land use (e.g. forest succession on land previously
                                           used for agricu lture).



5.2     National data

5.2.1   Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality        Vari able(s)    Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




5.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




5.2.3   Original data



5.3     Analysis and processing of national data

5.3.1   Calibration


5.3.2   Estimation and forecasting




                                                         22
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


5.3.3   Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



5.4     Data for Table T5

                                                                                                                    1)
                                               Annual forest establishment      ...of which of introduced species
 FRA 2010 Categories                                (hectares/year)                       (hectares/year)
                                              1990         2000       2005        1990        2000         2005
 Afforestation
 Reforestation
 ...of which on areas previously planted
 Natural expansion of forest
Note:   The figures for the report ing years refer to the averages for the 5-year periods 1988-1992, 1998-2002
        and 2003-2007 respectively.




5.5     Comments to Table T5

 Vari able /          Comments related to data, defini tions,      Comments on the reported trend
 category             etc.
 Afforestation



 Reforestation



 Natural expansion
 of forest




 Other general comments to the table




                                                      23
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




6       Table T6 – Growing stock


6.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                         Definiti on
 Growing stock                    Vo lu me over bark of all living trees more than X cm in diameter at breast
                                  height (or above buttress if these are higher). Includes the stem fro m ground
                                  level or stump height up to a top diameter of Y cm, and may also include
                                  branches to a minimu m diameter of W cm.

 Growing stock of co mmercial     Growing stock (see def. above) of co mmercial species.
 species



6.2     National data

6.2.1   Data sources

 References to sources of     Quality      Vari able(s)     Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                 (H/ M/ L)
 Millington, A. , R.          M              Woody           1986     Primary Data source
 Critcheley, T. Douglas &                    biomass
 P Ryan 1994. Estimating
 woody biomass in sub-
 saharan Africa.
 Washington, IBRD /
 World Ban k




6.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




6.2.3 Original data
Total woody biomass = 463.603 million tonnes. This refers to all land categories.



6.3     Analysis and processing of national data

6.3.1   Calibration



                                                       24
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


6.3.2 Estimation and forecasting
It is assumed that the woody biomass as presented by Millington mainly refers to forest and
Other wooded land. It is further assumed that the data from 1986 is valid for 1990.

   Growing stock 1990 (m3/ha) = Total woody bio mass/(basic density* (Area of forest+other wooded land))
   Where basic density = 0.58

This is then applied to the areas in T1 to give values for 2000 and 2005 reporting years.

All calculations refer to Forest and Other wooded land together.


6.3.3    Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories


6.4      Data for Table T6

Table 6a – Growing stock

                                                 Volume (million cubic meters over bark)
 FRA 2010 category                            Forest                           Other wooded l and
                               1990       2000     2005      2010      1990      2000     2005                 2010
 Total growing stock             799        780      770
 ... of wh ich coniferous
 ... of wh ich broadleaved
 Growing stock of
 commercial species



Table 6b – Growing stock of the 10 most common s pecies

                                                                                        Growi ng stock in forest
 FRA 2010 category / S pecies name
                                                                                         (million cubic meters)
 Rank          Scientific name                   Common name                          1990        2000       2005
 1st
 2nd
 3rd
 4th
 5th
 6th
 7th
 8th
 9th
 10th
 Remaining
 TOTAL

Note: Rank refers to the order of importance in terms of gro wing stock, i.e. 1 st is the species with the highest
growing stock. Year 2000 is the reference year fo r defining the species list and the order of the species.


Table 6c – Specification of threshold values


                                                         25
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




    Item                                             Value        Complementary informati on
    Minimu m diameter (cm) at breast height 1 of
    trees included in growing stock (X)
    Minimu m diameter (cm) at the top end of
    stem for calculat ion of growing stock (Y)
    Minimu m diameter (cm) of branches included
    in growing stock (W)
    Vo lu me refers to “above ground” (AG) or
    “above stump” (AS)




6.5        Comments to Table T6

    Vari able /         Comments related to data, defini tions,   Comments on the reported trend
    category            etc.
    Total growing       The above estimates refer to the
    stock               combined area o f forests and other
                        wooded land.

    Growing stock of
    broadleaved /
    coniferous

    Growing stock of
    commercial
    species

    Growing stock
    composition




    Other general comments to the table




1
  Diameter at breast height (DBH) refers to diameter over bark measured at a height of 1.30 m above ground
level or 30 cm above buttresses if these are higher than 1 m.


                                                       26
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




7       Table T7 – Biomass stock


7.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                      Definiti on
 Above-ground biomass          All living bio mass above the soil including stem, stump, branches, bark, seeds,
                               and foliage.
 Below-ground bio mass         All bio mass of live roots. Fine roots of less than 2mm diameter are excluded
                               because these often cannot be distinguished empirically from soil organic matter or
                               litter.
 Dead wood                     All non-living woody biomass not contained in the litter, either standing, lying on
                               the ground, or in the soil. Dead wood includes wood lying on the surface, dead
                               roots, and stumps larger than or equal to 10 cm in diameter or any other diameter
                               used by the country.



7.2     National data

7.2.1   Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality     Vari able(s)     Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




7.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




7.2.3   Original data



7.3     Analysis and processing of national data

7.3.1   Calibration




                                                       27
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


7.3.2   Estimation and forecasting


7.3.3   Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



7.4     Data for Table T7

                                           Biomass (million metric tonnes oven-dry weight)
FRA 2010 category                           Forest                           Other wooded l and
                           1990         2000     2005      2010      1990     2000     2005       2010
Above-ground biomass
Below-ground bio mass
Dead wood
TOTAL




7.5     Comments to Table T7

 Vari able /      Comments related to data, defini tions,       Comments on the reported trend
 category         etc.
 Above-ground
 biomass


 Below-ground
 biomass


 Dead wood




 Other general c omments to the table




                                                     28
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




8        Table T8 – Carbon stock


8.1      FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                                 Definiti on
 Carbon in above-ground biomass           Carbon in all liv ing bio mass above the soil, including stem, stump,
                                          branches, bark, seeds, and foliage.
 Carbon in below-ground bio mass          Carbon in all b iomass of live roots. Fine roots of less than 2 mm diameter
                                          are excluded, because these often cannot be distinguished empirically fro m
                                          soil organic matter or litter.
 Carbon in dead wood                      Carbon in all non-living woody biomass not contained in the litter, either
                                          standing, lying on the ground, or in the soil. Dead wood includes wood
                                          lying on the surface, dead roots, and stumps larger than or equal to 10 cm in
                                          diameter or any other diameter used by the country.
 Carbon in litter                         Carbon in all non-living biomass with a diameter less than the minimu m
                                          diameter for dead wood (e.g. 10 cm), lying dead in various states of
                                          decomposition above the mineral or organic soil.
 Soil carbon                              Organic carbon in mineral and organic soils (including peat) to a specified
                                          depth chosen by the country and applied consistently through the time
                                          series.



8.2      National data

8.2.1    Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality         Vari able(s)     Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




8.2.2    Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




8.2.3    Original data




                                                           29
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


8.3     Analysis and processing of national data

8.3.1   Calibration


8.3.2   Estimation and forecasting


8.3.3   Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



8.4     Data for Table T8

                                               Carbon (Million metric tonnes)
FRA 2010
                                        Forest                           Other wooded l and
Category
                         1990       2000     2005    2010       1990       2000     2005      2010
Carbon in above-
ground biomass
Carbon in below-
ground biomass
Sub-total: Living
biomass
Carbon in dead
wood
Carbon in litter
Sub-total: Dead
wood and litter
Soil carbon

TOTAL


Soil depth (cm) used for soil carbon estimates




                                                  30
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




8.5      Comments to Table T8

 Vari able /        Comments related to data, defini tions,   Comments on the reported trend
 category           etc.
 Carbon in
 above-ground
 biomass

 Carbon in
 below-ground
 biomass

 Carbon in dead
 wood


 Carbon in litter



 Soil carbon




 Other general comments to the table




                                                     31
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




9       Table T9 – Forest fires


9.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                Definiti on
 Nu mber of fires        Average number of vegetation fires per year in the country.
 Area affected by fire   Average area affected by vegetation fires per year in the country.
 Vegetation fire         Any vegetation fire regard less of ignition source, damage or benefit.
 (supplementary term )
 Wildfire                Any unplanned and/or uncontrolled vegetation fire.
 Planned fire            A vegetation fire regardless of ignit ion source that burns according to
                         management objectives and requires limited or no suppression action.



9.2     National data

9.2.1   Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality     Vari able(s)    Year(s)    Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




9.2.2   Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




9.2.3   Original data



9.3     Analysis and processing of national data

9.3.1   Calibration


9.3.2   Estimation and forecasting




                                                      32
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


9.3.3    Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



9.4      Data for Table T9

Table 9a

                                                            Annual average for 5-year period
 FRA 2010 category                              1990                     2000                      2005
                                         1000       number         1000       number        1000      number of
                                       hectares      of fires    hectares      of fires   hectares      fires
 Total land area affected by fire
 ... of wh ich on forest
 ... of wh ich on other wooded land
 ... of wh ich on other land



Table 9b

                                            Proporti on of forest area affected by fire (% )
  FRA 2010 categ ory
                                               1990               2000            2005
 Wildfire
 Planned fire

Note: The figures for the reporting years refer to the averages of annually affected areas for the 5-year periods
1988-1992, 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 respectively




9.5      Comments to Table T9

 Vari able /         Comments related to data, defini tions,        Comments on the reported trend
 category            etc.
 Area affected by
 fire


 Nu mber of fires



 Wildfire /
 planned fire




                                                       33
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




 Other general comments to the table




                                       34
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




10      Table T10 – Other disturbances affecting forest health and
        vitality


10.1    FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Term                             Definiti on
 Disturbance                      Damage caused by any factor (biotic or abiotic) that adversely affect s the
                                  vigour and productivity of the forest and which is not a direct result of
                                  human activit ies.
 Invasive species                 Species that are non-native to a particular ecosystem and whose
                                  introduction and spread cause, or are likely to cause, socio-cultural,
                                  economic or environ mental harm or harm to human health.
 Category                         Definiti on
 Disturbance by insects           Disturbance caused by insect pests.

 Disturbance by diseases          Disturbance caused by diseases attributable to pathogens, such as bacteria,
                                  fungi, phytoplasma or virus.
 Disturbance by other biotic      Disturbance caused by biotic agents other than insects or diseases, such as
 agents                           wildlife browsing, grazing, physical damage by animals, etc.
 Disturbance caused by abiotic    Disturbances caused by abiotic factors, such as air pollution, snow, storm,
 factors                          drought, etc.




10.2    National data

10.2.1 Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality     Vari able(s)     Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




10.2.2 Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




                                                       35
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


10.2.3 Original data



10.3     Analysis and processing of national data

10.3.1 Calibration


10.3.2 Estimation and forecasting


10.3.3 Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



10.4     Data for Table T10

Table 10a – Disturbances

                                                       Affected forest area (1000 hectares)
 FRA 2010 category
                                                      1990              2000              2005
 Disturbance by insects
 Disturbance by diseases
 Disturbance by other biotic agents
 Disturbance caused by abiotic factors
 Total area affected by disturbances


Notes: The figures for the report ing years refer to the averages of annually affected areas for the 5-year periods
       1988-1992, 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 respectively.
         The total area affected by disturbances is not necessarily the sum of the individual disturbances as these
         may be overlapping.



Table 10b – Major outbreaks of insects and diseases affecting forest health and vitality

                                                                                           Area
                                      Tree species or genera affected    Year(s) of      affected       If cyclic,
 Descripti on / name                         (scientific name)             latest          (1000      approx. cycle
                                                                         outbreak        hectares)       (years)




                                                        36
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


Note:   Area affected refers to the total area affected during the outbreak.




Table 10c – Area of forest affected by woody invasive species

                                                                     Forest area
 Scientific name of woody invasi ve species                         affected 2005
                                                                   (1000 hectares)




 Total forest area affected by woody i nvasi ve species

Note:   The total forest area affected by woody invasive species is not necessary the sum of the values above, as
        these may be overlapping.




10.5    Comments to Table T10

 Vari able /           Comments related to data, defini tions,        Comments on the reported trend
 category              etc.
 Disturbance by
 insects


 Disturbance by
 diseases


 Disturbance by
 other biotic agents


 Disturbance caused
 by abiotic factors


 Major outbreaks



 Invasive species




 Other general comments to the table




                                                       37
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




11      Table T11 – Wood removals and value of removals


11.1    FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                   Definiti on
 Industrial roundwood       The wood removed (volu me of roundwood over bark) for production of goods and
 removals                   services other than energy production (woodfuel).
 Woodfuel removals          The wood removed for energy production purposes, regardless whether for
                            industrial, co mmercial or do mestic use.



11.2    National data

11.2.1 Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality     Vari able(s)    Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




11.2.2 Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




11.2.3 Original data


11.3    Analysis and processing of national data

11.3.1 Calibration


11.3.2 Estimation and forecasting


11.3.3 Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories




                                                      38
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


11.4     Data for Table T11

                                               Industrial roundwood
                                                                                      Woodfuel removals
 FRA 2010 Category                                   removals
                                             1990       2000     2005             1990        2000          2005
                       3
 Total volu me (1000 m o.b.)
 ... of wh ich fro m fo rest
 Unit value (local currency / m3 o.b.)
 Total value (1000 local currency)

Note:    The figures for the report ing years refer to the averages of annually affected areas for the 5-year periods
         1988-1992, 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 respectively.

                                                   1990                    2000                      2005
 Name of local currency




11.5     Comments to Table T11

 Vari able /          Comments related to data, defini tions,      Comments on the reported trend
 category             etc.
 Total volu me of
 industrial
 roundwood
 removals
 Total volu me of
 woodfuel
 removals

 Unit value



 Total value




 Other general comments to the table




                                                          39
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




12      Table T12 – Non-wood forest products removals and value of
        removals


12.1    FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Term                            Definiti on
 Non-wood forest product         Goods derived fro m forests that are tangible and physical objects of
 (NWFP)                          biological orig in other than wood.
 Value of NWFP removals          For the purpose of this table, value is defined as the market value at the site
                                 of collect ion or forest border.



NWFP categories

 Category
 Plant products / raw materi al
 1. Food
 2. Fodder
 3. Raw material for medicine and aro matic products
 4. Raw material for colorants and dyes
 5. Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction
 6. Ornamental p lants
 7. Exudates
 8. Other plant products

 Ani mal products / raw material
 9. Living animals
 10. Hides, skins and trophies
 11. Wild honey and bee-wax
 12. Wild meat
 13. Raw material for medicine
 14. Raw material for colorants
 15. Other edible animal products
 16. Other non-edible animal products




12.2    National data

12.2.1 Data sources

 References to sources of    Quality      Vari able(s)      Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                (H/ M/ L)




12.2.2 Classification and definitions



                                                      40
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


 National cl ass             Definiti on




12.2.3 Original data



12.3     Analysis and processing of national data

12.3.1 Calibration


12.3.2 Estimation and forecasting


12.3.3 Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories


12.4     Data for Table T12

                                                                 NWFP removals 2005
                                                                             Value
                                                                                        NWFP
 Rank     Name of product                  Key s pecies   Unit               (1000
                                                                 Quantity              category
                                                                              local
                                                                           currency)
 1st
 2nd
 3rd
 4th
 5th
 6th
 7th
 8th
 9th
 10th
 All other p lant products
 All other animal products
 TOTAL


                                             2005
Name of local currency




                                                     41
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


12.5    Comments to Table T12

 Vari able / category         Comments related to data, defini tions, etc.
 10 most important products



 Other plant products



 Other animal products



 Value by product



 Total value




 Other general comments to the table




                                                    42
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




13      Table T13 – Employment


13.1    FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                      Definiti on
 Full-time equivalents         A measurement equal to one person working full-time during a specified
 (FTE)                         reference period.
 Emp loy ment                  Includes all persons in paid employ ment or self-emp loy ment.
 Paid emp loyment              Persons who during a specified reference period performed so me wo rk for
                               wage or salary in cash or in kind.
 Self-emp loyment              Persons who during a specified reference period performed so me wo rk for
                               profit or family gain in cash or in kind (e.g. emp loyers, own-account workers,
                               members of producers' cooperatives, contributing family wo rkers).




13.2    National data

13.2.1 Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality     Vari able(s)     Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




13.2.2 Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




13.2.3 Original data



13.3    Analysis and processing of national data

13.3.1 Calibration




                                                       43
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


13.3.2 Estimation and forecasting


13.3.3 Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



13.4    Data for Table T13

                                                                       Empl oyment (1000 years FTE)
 FRA 2010 Category
                                                                1990               2000             2005
 Emp loy ment in primary production of goods
 ...of which paid employ ment
 ...of which self-emp loyment
 Emp loy ment in management of protected areas




13.5    Comments to Table T13

 Vari able /          Comments related to data, defini tions,     Comments on the reported trend
 category             etc.
 Emp loy ment in
 primary
 production of
 goods
 Paid emp loyment
 / self-employ ment


 Emp loy ment in
 management of
 protected areas


 Other general comments to the table




                                                     44
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




14       Table T14 – Policy and legal framework


14.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Term                     Definiti on
 Forest policy            A set of orientations and principles of actions adopted by public authorities in
                          harmony with national socio-economic and environ mental policies in a given
                          country to guide future decisions in relation to the management, use and
                          conservation of forest and tree resources for the benefit of society.
 Forest policy            A document that describes the objectives, priorit ies and means for implementation
 statement                of the forest policy.
 National forest          A generic expression that refers to a wide range of approaches towards forest policy
 programme (nfp)          formulat ion, planning and imp lementation at national and sub -national levels. The
                          national forest programme provides a framework and guidance for country-driven
                          forest sector development with part icipation of all stakeholders and in consistence
                          with policies of other sectors and international policies.
 Law (Act or Code)        A set of rules enacted by the legislative authority of a country reg ulating the access,
 on forest                management, conservation and use of forest resources.




14.2     Data for Table T14

Indicate the existence of the following (2008)

                                                                          Yes
  Forest policy statement wi th national scope
                                                                          No
                                Year of endorsement
     If Yes above, provide:
                                Reference to document
                                                                          Yes
  National forest programme (nfp)
                                                                          No
                                Name of nfp in country
                                Starting year
                                                                          In formu lation
                                                                          In imp lementation
     If Yes above, provide:     Current status
                                                                          Under revision
                                                                          Process temporarily suspended
                                Reference to document or web
                                site
                                                                          Yes, specific forest law exists
                                                                          Yes, but rules on forests are incorpo-
  Law (Act or Code) on forest wi th national scope                        rated in other (broader) leg islation
                                                                          No, fo rest issues are not regulated by
                                                                          national legislat ion
                                Year of enactment

     If Yes above, provide:     Year of latest amend ment

                                Reference to document




                                                        45
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




In case the res ponsibility for forest policy- and/ or forest law-making is decentralized, please indicate
the existence of the following and explain in the comments below the table how the responsi bility for
forest policy- and law-making is organized in your country.

                                                                                     Yes
  Sub-nati onal forest policy statements
                                                                                     No
     If Yes above, indicate the number of regions/states/provinces with forest
     policy statements
                                                                                     Yes
  Sub-nati onal Laws (Acts or Codes) on forest
                                                                                     No
     If Yes above, indicate the number of regions/states/provinces with Laws
     on forests




14.3    Comments to Table T14

 Vari able / category          Comments related to data, defini tions, etc.
 Forest policy statement
 with national scope


 National forest programme
 (nfp)


 Law (Act or Code) on
 forest with national scope


 Sub-national forest policy
 statements


 Sub-national Laws (Acts or
 Codes) on forest




 Other general comments to the table




                                                      46
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




15       Table T15 – Institutional framework


15.1     FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Term                            Definiti on
 Minister responsible for        Minister holding the main responsibility for forest issues and the formu lation of
 forest policy-making            the forest policy.
 Head of Forestry                The Head of Fo restry is the Govern ment Officer responsible for imp lementing
                                 the mandate of the public ad ministration related to forests.
 Level of subordination          Nu mber of ad min istrative levels between the Head of Forestry and the Minister.
 University degree               Qualification provided by University after a minimu m of 3 years of post
                                 secondary education.



15.2     Data for Table T15

Table 15a – Institutions

 FRA 2010 Category                                        2008
 Minister responsible for forest policy formulat ion :
 please provide full title


 Level of subordination of Head of Forestry within               1st level subordination to Minister
 the Ministry
                                                                 2nd level subordination to Minister
                                                                 3rd level subordination to Minister
                                                                 4th or lo wer level subordination to Minister
 Other public forest agencies at national level



 Institution(s) responsible for forest law enforcement




Table 15b – Human resources

                                                Human resources wi thin public forest institutions
 FRA 2010 Category                             2000                  2005                      2008
                                         Number % Female Number % Female Number % Female
 Total staff

   ...of which with university
   degree or equivalent

Notes:
1. Includes human resources within public fo rest institutions at sub -national level
2. Excludes people emp loyed in State-owned enterprises, education and research, as well as temporary /
    seasonal workers.



                                                         47
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




15.3     Comments to Table T15

 Vari able / category          Comments related to data, defini tions, etc.   Comments on the
                                                                              reported trend
 Minister responsible for
 forest policy formu lation


 Level of subordination of
 Head of Forestry within the
 Ministry

 Other public forest
 agencies at national level



 Institution(s) responsible
 for forest law enforcement



 Hu man resources within
 public forest institutions




 Other general comments to the table




                                                     48
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




16      Table T16 – Education and research


16.1    FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Term                        Definiti on
 Forest-related education    Post-secondary education programme with focus on forests and related subjects.
 Doctor’s degree (PhD)       University (or equivalent) education with a total durat ion of about 8 years.
 Master’s degree (MSc) or    University (or equivalent) education with a total durat ion of about five years.
 equivalent
 Bachelor’s degree (BSc)     University (or equivalent) education with a duration of about three years.
 or equivalent
 Technician certificate or   Qualification issued from a technical education institution consisting of 1 to 3
 diplo ma                    years post secondary education.
 Publicly funded forest      Research centers primarily imp lementing research programmes on forest
 research centers            matters. Funding is mainly public or channelled through public institutions.



16.2    National data

16.2.1 Data sources

 References to sources of    Quality     Vari able(s)     Year(s)   Addi tional comments
 informati on                (H/ M/ L)




16.2.2 Original data



16.3    Analysis and processing of national data

16.3.1 Estimation and forecasting




                                                     49
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




16.4     Data for Table T16

                                       Graduation 1) of students in forest-rel ated educati on
 FRA 2010 Category                  2000                      2005                           2008
                             Number    % Female      Number        % Female        Number       % Female
 Master’s degree (MSc)
 or equivalent
 Bachelor’s degree
 (BSc) o r equivalent
 Forest technician
 certificate / diplo ma
                                Professionals working in publicly funded forest research centres 2)
 FRA 2010 Category                  2000                      2005                        2008
                             Number    % Female      Number        % Female      Number      % Female
 Doctor’s degree (PhD)

 Master’s degree (MSc)
 or equivalent
 Bachelor’s degree
 (BSc) o r equivalent

Notes:
1. Graduation refers to the number of students that have successfully comp leted a Bachelor’s or higher degree
    or achieved a certificate or diplo ma as forest technician.
2.   Covers degrees in all sciences, not only forestry.




16.5     Comments to Table T16

 Vari able / category            Comments related to data,              Comments on the reported trend
                                 definitions, etc.
 Graduation of students in
 forest-related education


 Professionals working in
 public forest research
 centres


 Other general comments to the table




                                                          50
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana




17      Table T17 – Public revenue collection and expenditure


17.1    FRA 2010 Categories and definitions

 Category                      Definiti on
 Forest revenue                All govern ment revenue collected fro m the domestic production and trade of
                               forest products and services. For this purpose, forest products include:
                               roundwood; sawnwood; wood-based panels; pulp and paper; and non-wood forest
                               products. As far as possible, this should include revenue collected by all levels of
                               government (i.e. central, regional/provincial and municipal level), but it should
                               exclude the inco me of publicly owned business entities.
 Public expenditure            All govern ment expenditure on forest related activit ies (further defined below).
 Operational expenditure       All govern ment expenditure on public institutions solely engaged in the forest
 (sub-category to Public       sector. Where the forest admin istration is part of a larger public agency (e.g.
 expenditure)                  department or ministry), this should only include the forest s ector component of
                               the agency’s total expenditure. As far as possible, this should also include other
                               institutions (e.g. in research, train ing and market ing) solely engaged in the forest
                               sector, but it should exclude the expenditure of publicly owned busin ess entities.
 Transfer payments             All govern ment expenditure on direct financial incentives paid to non-
 (sub-category to Public       government and private-sector institutions, enterprises communities or
 expenditure)                  individuals operating in the forest sector to imp lement forest related activ ities.
 Do mestic funding             Public expenditure funded fro m do mestic public financial resources, including:
                               retained forest revenue; forest-related funds; and allocations from the national
                               budget (i.e. fro m non-forest sector public revenue sources).
 External funding              Public expenditure funded fro m grants and loans from donors, non -governmental
                               organisations, international lending agencies and international organisations,
                               where such funds are channelled through national public institutions.



17.2    National data

17.2.1 Data sources

 References to sources of      Quality     Vari able(s)     Year(s)    Addi tional comments
 informati on                  (H/ M/ L)




17.2.2 Classification and definitions

 National cl ass            Definiti on




                                                       51
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


17.2.3 Original data



17.3    Analysis and processing of national data

17.3.1 Calibration


17.3.2 Estimation and forecasting


17.3.3 Reclassification into FRA 2010 categories



17.4    Data for Table T17

Table 17a - Forest revenues

                                                    Revenues
FRA 2010 Categories                            (1000 local currency)
                                               2000            2005
Forest revenue



Table 17b - Public expenditure in forest sector by funding source

                                           Domestic fundi ng        External fundi ng                  Total
FRA 2010 Categories                      (1000 local currency)    (1000 local currency)        (1000 local currency)
                                           2000         2005        2000         2005            2000         2005
Operational expenditure
Transfer payments
Total public expendi ture
If transfer pay ments are made for forest                Reforestation
management and conservation, indicate for what
                                                         Afforestation
specific objective(s) - Please tick all that apply.
                                                         Forest inventory and/or planning
                                                         Conservation of forest biodiversity
                                                         Protection of soil and water
                                                         Forest stand improvement
                                                         Establishment or maintenance of protected areas
                                                         Other, specify below




                                                       52
FRA 2010 – Country Report, Botswana


17.5    Comments to Table T17

 Vari able / category       Comments related to data,   Comments on the reported trend
                            definitions, etc.
 Forest revenue



 Operational expenditure



 Transfer payments




 Other general comments to the table




                                                53

								
To top