# Population Density and Distribut

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```					Population Density and Distribution

Name:_____________________

Lab: The purpose of this lab is to understand how the distribution of people in a
country differs from the population density. As well, students will compare
arithmetic densities to physiologic densities in order to understand population
pressures on the land.

What is the difference between population distribution and population
density?

arithmetic population distribution physiologic population distribution

1) Complete the chart. (10 marks)

Country       Population    Total Area   Cultivated    Arithmetic    Physiologic
(2006)                     Area (km2)    Density       Density
(km2)
Botswana      1 639 833     566 730      4 200
Chad          9,944,201     1 259 200    32 560
Egypt         78,887,007    995 450      32 650
Kenya         34,707,817    569 140      45 200
Yemen         21,456,188    527,970      5,500
Iceland       299,388       100 250      60
Italy         58,133,509    294 060      111 430
Switzerland   7,523,934     39 550       4 340
Ukraine       46,710,816    579 350      343 570
Canada        33,098,932    9 220 970    455 000
United        298,444,215   9 159 120    1 877 760
States
Mexico        107,449,525 1 908 690      247 300
2) Which 3 countries have the lowest percentage of total area
cultivated? Give one good reason why they have such a small
proportion of cultivated land. (3 marks)

3) What do you notice about all the physiological density values in your
chart compared with their corresponding arithmetic density values?
(1 mark)

4) Explain why countries such as Egypt, Iceland, Switzerland, Japan,
Israel and China have a special challenge in trying to provide
sufficient amounts of food for their populations. Suggest two
strategies that these countries might use to keep their populations
well fed. (3 marks)

5) When we think of countries where there is chronic hunger, African
countries such as Chad and Botswana come to mind, yet the number of
people depending on each square kilometer of cultivated land in these
countries is not nearly as high as in question 6. What does this say
about the quality of land in the African countries? (1 mark

6) Based on the physiologic densities suggest at least 3 countries in the
world that might be food exporters. (3 marks)

7) a) Find an example of a country with a high population but a relatively
low physiologic population density. (1 mark)

b) Find an example of a country with a low population but a relatively
high physiologic population density. (1 mark)

c) Does a high population necessarily lead to a high physiologic
density? What relationship determines the physiologic density? (1
marks)

8) Explain one problem in only using arithmetic population density to
determine how dense the population of a country is. (1 mark)

Total = 25 marks

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 views: 11 posted: 8/24/2010 language: English pages: 2