AIM How did Chinese Nationalism develop in Twentieth Century

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					AIM: How did Chinese Nationalism
  develop in Twentieth Century?
   DO NOW: 4.22.2009
   1. Set up notes titled “Mao Zedong & Rise of
    Communism”
   2. Take out 1st Draft of Research Paper
   3. Quiz Thursday on Cold War
        Chinese Nationalism
 Treaty of Versailles 1919:.
 Chinese Nationalists “sold out” at
  Versailles
 TOV gave Chinese land to Japan

 In reaction …
                Chinese Nationalism
   May 4th Movement:
   Students protested TOV
       Upset at Japan
   Births the Nationalist
    Movement.




                             Chinese Protestors in
                             May Fourth Movement
           Chinese Nationalism
   Two powers emerged,
   Chinese Communist
    party (C.C.)
   Chinese Nationalist
    (C.N.) party or
    Guomindang.
   Chiang Kai Shek led
    C.N.
   Mao Zedong led C.C.
   Civil War broke out
                          Chiang Kai-Shek
            Chinese Nationalism
   Long March (pg.754)
   100,000 Communists
    retreated
   Over 6,000 miles
   20,000 survive
   Long March: rally cry for
    Mao & Communists



                                A young Mao in 1935
              Chinese Nationalism
   WWII provides hiatus for Civil War
   Resumes after Japanese defeat in 1945
   People’s Republic of China (1949):
   Communists win in 1949. Why?:
   Support of peasantry
       Promises to redistribute land back to them
   Support the equality of women
   Guerilla warfare hit & run tactics
   Control countryside – surround cities
   Guomindang was corrupt
People’s Republic of China
Speech to Long March Survivors
            Chinese Nationalism
   Mao & Communism:
   Builds similar Gov’t to
    Soviet Union
   Great Leap Forward
    1958:
   Increase agricultural &
    industrial output
   Lived & worked on
    collectivized farms called
    communes
   Command Economy
    Chinese Nationalism




"Take steel as the key link, leap forward in all fields".
                  Chinese Nationalism
   Results of GLF:
   Failed miserably
   Mass starvation occurs.
       20-43 million
        die!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
   Low output of industrial
    goods.
              Chinese Nationalism
   Cultural Revolution:
   Purge China of its non-
    revolutionary elements
       Intellectuals
       Gov’t officials
   Students form Red
    Guards, attack anti-
    revolutionaries
   Gov’t sanctioned
    violence
            Chinese Nationalism
   “Smash the old world.
    Establish a new world."
   How is this an example
    of Propaganda
DO NOW: prepare for quiz on Cold
            War
   Have a separate sheet of paper out write your …
     Name
     Period

     Date: 4/23/2009
                Quiz: Cold War
   1. Define only two of the following terms. Be
    sure to relate your answers to the Cold War
       Truman Doctrine
       Berlin Airlift
       Nuremberg Trials
       Satellite Nations
       Cuban Missile Crisis
   2. Describe the Potsdam Conference. Be sure
    to explain what each side wanted and how this
    led to the division between the Soviet Union
    and the United States.
      AIM: How did China become
    modernized under Deng Xiaoping?
   DO NOW: 4. 23.2009
   1. Continue notes from Wednesday
   2. Students that did not hand in 1st drafts, you
    should do so ASAP
   3. Formalized Works Cited Page due Monday
            Chinese Nationalism
   China was a Cold War
    enemy to the U.S.
   1972 – Pres. R. Nixon
    made a surprise visit to
    China
   Normalizes relations
    between countries
   Mao died in 1976
1972 – Pres. Nixon meets with
   Chairman Mao Zedong
              Chinese Nationalism
   Moderates temper Mao’s
    strict policies
   Deng Xiaoping comes
    to helm in 1978
   Denounced Cultural Rev.
       Mao was "seven parts
        good, three parts bad."
   Improves relations w/
                                  President Jimmy Carter &
    U.S.
                                       Deng Xiaoping
             Chinese Nationalism
   Four Modernization’s:
   1. Modernized farming methods
       Sell crops on open market
   2. Industrial modernizations
   3. Science & technology promoted
   4. Military Defense improved
   5. Open trade w/ world
   6. Foreign investment
Growth of China – Shanghai
            Beijing –
literally changing in decades
             Chinese Nationalism
   Tiananmen Square May 1989:
   Gov’t not willing to make political reforms
   Educated classes demanded democratic reforms
   Protests broke out in Beijing.
   Deng gov’t put down protests.
       Over 2,600 were killed and 30,000 injured.
Tank Man at Tiananmen Square Massacre




       How is this a symbol of protest?
          Cambodian Genocide
   Cambodia & Khmer
    Rouge (1975-1979):
   Khmer Rouge:
    communist party from
    Cambodia
   Came to power 1975
   Overthrew Cambodia’s
    pro U.S. government
    Led by Pol Pot
           Cambodian Genocide
   Pol Pot’s Plan:
   Transform Cambodia
    into agrarian farmers.
   Mass evacuations of
    cities to countryside
   Civilians forced to work
    on collective farms
   Wants to purge all
    western influence
            Cambodian Genocide
   Educated & skilled
    workers killed through
    starvation, execution, &
    forced labor
   1.5 million died?
Cambodian Genocide
            Chinese Nationalism
   Guomindang retreated to the island of Taiwan
   Nat.’s created own government called Republic
    of China
       Democratic
   Controversy between mainland China & Taiwan
Taiwan
AIM: Why did China transform from
  a command economy to a Free
      Market Capitalist one?
   DO NOW: 4.15.2008
   1. Set up your notes titled “Chinese
    Communism”
   2. Quiz Tomorrow on Monday & Today’s notes
   3. Absentees on Exams: Your last day to make it
    up is Today after school.