Oliver Twist and Christian Scripture by wuj11310

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									Oliver Twist and
Christian Scripture




 By: Tara, Chris, Tyler, and Keith
Janet Larson attempts to prove:
 The time in which Dickens wrote had a
 direct correlation with the references
 and allusions to Christianity!

  These correlations and relations can
 be found, portrayed both overtly and
 covertly.
Presences in the Novel include:

 “The church”
 Christian Works
 Biblical Passages
 Christian ideologies
Oliver Twist
 Does not only explode with religious
 categories, but also demonstrates a
 parable of its own kind!
Christianity Overtly Portrayed

Mr. Bumble
Oliver himself
The Church itself
Mr. Bumble, even though he is an
employee of the church, he abuses his
power

Dickens uses this character to show
what true Christianity is not.
 Oliver prays, which shows that Dickens
meant to portray a Christian character
through Oliver.
Christianity Covertly Portrayed

Dickens’ allusion to Christian works:
 •Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress
 •A Morality Play
       Pilgrim’s Progress




Bunyan writes in parables like “his
master” did.
Dickens announces from the beginning
a similar intention with the title
  Oliver Twist, A Parish boy’s Progress
 Dickens also makes a reference from
 Bunyan’s work with the line:
Oliver was nearly “dead upon the king’s
 highway”

 “…such robberies are done on the
King’s highway.” was the original line from
Bunyan.
Dickens invites us to read his story a little
  deeper in order to compare:
The struggles of good and evil in Pilgrim’s
  Progress and Oliver Twist.

Such as -
Christian’s Burdens to
         Oliver’s illegitimacy and poverty
Hell to
         Urban crime and poverty
Heaven to
         Physical survival and family identity
       Both Heroes go through

“Sloughs of Despair”
“Valleys of the Shadow of Death”
“ Valleys of Humiliation
        and in the end Oliver like
Christians is saved!
         A Morality Play

Oliver Twist is categorized in English
morality plays and homiletic tales.

 Although Dickens does not name his
characters by their traits, such as
“Doubt” in Everyman – still each of
Dickens’ characters are given qualities
which are then judged.
Christianity Covertly Portrayed

Dickens’ references to Biblical Passages

  Concept of a Millstone (Matt. 18:6)
  The Good Samaritan
     The Good Samaritan

 Oliver is like the man being beaten up
Fagin, Nancy, and Sikes are the people
who stood by and watched
Mr. Brownlow is the Samaritan who
saves the beaten man’s (Oliver) life
    Oliver is beaten by his

Poverty
Social status/Family
  The People who stood by

Fagin takes Oliver in, but does not solve
the problems Oliver has!
Nancy leads him back to Sikes, which
shows here unwillingness to help Oliver
until its too late, after which her own life
is taken!
Sikes even leaves Oliver in the ditch to
Die, just as the parable.
         The Samaritan

The Samaritan in Oliver’s story is Mr.
Brownlow.
He saves Oliver from poverty and gives
him a family.
This shows that the poverty resembles
hell while Mr. Brownlow heaven!
            In Conclusion
Be it through
  References to passages of Scripture
  Allusions to works such as Pilgrim’s
 Progress
  Or simply the presence of prayer in the
 novel -
Dickens makes it evident that:

  He is – at the least – writing in a time
 full of “substantial pressure of the
 Christian sentiments and language
 which were the received culture of
 Dickens’ time.”
 If Dickens was not trying to make a
parabolic point as Larson attempts to
prove -
Then at least we can see the Biblical
references and concepts.
         Questions?
What are the four presences Larson
proposes Dickens has in his novel?

The church, Biblical Passages,
Christian works, and Christian Ideology
         Questions?
Who is the “Samaritan” in Oliver’s life?

Mr. Brownlow
         Questions?
“Dead on the king’s highway” shows
Dickens’ use of which book?

Pilgrim’s Progress
Any Questions?

								
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