PULMAN-XT RTD Seminars

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					                  PULMAN-XT IST research seminar


                         Introduction and objectives


PULMAN-XT is a Thematic Network for public libraries funded by the European
Union under IST FP5. It aims to extend the benefits of the PULMAN Network of
Excellence, which currently covering 26 EU member and candidate states, to
neighbouring countries.

PULMAN and PULMAN-XT are targeted at policy makers, service managers and
researchers. The goals of the network are to strengthen the performance and
help achieve the potential of public libraries in a number of ways. Comprehensive
information on everything which PULMAN is doing can be found on
www.pulmanweb.org

One of the goals of PULMAN-XT is to encourage future joint actions involving
public libraries, museums and archives operating at local level and to identify the
agenda for wider international co-operation.

To assist this process, PULMAN-XT would like to support people in each
participating country working in and with public libraries, local museums and
archives to take part in future IST research programmes.

Therefore, the aim of today‘s seminar is to bring together a potential RTD
Support Group, consisting of key players from the policy, practitioner, teaching
and research sectors to ensure that they are well-briefed on the opportunities for
involvement in IST FP6, which begins in 2003.




                                         1
                        Programme (Duration 2-3 hours)
Part 1 – Background information

1 The European Union Research Framework Programmes (RFP)
  – Action Lines/Key actions etc
  – Projects, consortia, co-ordination and funding
  – Support actions

2 Libraries, museums and archives in EU FP 3-5
   – Telematics for Libraries
   – Projects involving public libraries (see page 3)
   – IST – Cultural Heritage Applications (see pages 7-8, 11-19)
   – PubliCA and PULMAN (see page 8)
   – Participation of ‗third countries‘ (see page 10)

3 Finding out
   – CORDIS
   – Newsletters (see page 20)
   – DIGICULT study (see page 21)

4 Cultural heritage in FP6
   – e-Europe (see pages 22-28)
   – Calls and priorities (see page 29)
   – The European research area (see page 30)
   – Prospects for involvement of non-EU member states (see pages 31-42)
      – eligibility
      – new funding mechanisms
   – Prospects for local services (see pages 42-46)
   – Draft workprogramme (see pages 47-92)

5 Proposals and negotiation (overview only)
   – Structure and objectives
   – Workpackages
   – Milestones
   – Deliverables
   – Duration
   – Evaluation and review
   – Contracting and negotiation

Part 2 – Defining the local IST national research agenda for local services

Discussion and exercise




                                           2
http://www.cordis.lu/libraries/en/publib.html

       Updated: 08 MARCH 2000


                                         Public Libraries
                                information, projects and services
          Introduction
       In connection with the PubliCA concerted action in support of the development
       and enhancement of public library services throughout the European Union, we
       have collected a number of links for those who wish to research background
       material or simply examine more closely what Telematics for Libraries has been
       doing in area:
          Studies and support actions

             Something for everyone: Public Libraries and the Information Society.
              First Pan-European Conference on Public Libraries in the Information
              Age, 4-15 October 1999, Copenhagen. Organised by PubliCA: the
              European Commission's Concerted Action for Public Libraries.
             Concertation Meeting on Public Libraries: Luxembourg, 8 March 1999. A
              report of this meeting is available from:
              http://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/digicult/en/activity/concrep.html.
             Conference on "Public Libraries in a New Europe", Budapest, Hungary,
              25-27 September 1997. Some of the papers given at this conference are
              available on the web.
             Seminar on Public Libraries in the Information Society - Proceedings of a
              workshop on know-how transfer of EC initiatives for public libraries to
              Central and Eastern European countries held in Bad Münstereifel,
              Germany, 9-11 April 1997.
             Public libraries and the information society - Key background reading. A
              new series of documents based on a recently completed study and
              workshop.
             Knowledge Models for Library Services - Report by the NBBI (Project
              Bureau for Information Management) in which special consideration is
              given to the networked public library as a knowledge resource in the
              Internet environment.
             Open Distance Learning in Public Libraries - Study report prepared for
              Telematics for Libraries by the University of Central Lancashire
              highlighting the need for libraries to become gateways for lifelong
              learning.

          European Projects involving public libraries

             CHILIAS, Children in Libraries: improving multimedia virtual library access
              and information skills.

                                         3
   DERAL, Distance Education in Rural Areas via Libraries - Emphasing the
    mediating role of librarians in public libraries.
   ILIERS, Integrated Library Information Education and Retrieval System
    With special emphasis on local information services and on access by
    various groups of users including children.
   HERCULE, Heritage and Culture through Libraries in Europe.
   LIBERATOR, Libraries in European Regions - Access to Telematics and
    Other Resources.
   LISTED, Libraries Integrated System for Telematics-based Education.
    Follows on from the work done by PLAIL - see below.
   MOBILE, Extending European Information Access through Mobile
    Libraries. Innovative mobile library services using mobile phones, CD-
    ROM and video.
   MUMLIB, Multimedia Technology in Libraries. A CD-ROM presenting 45
    modern authors from Denmark, Ireland and Portugal.
   PLAIL, Public Libraries and Independent Learners. Recommendations on
    training public librarians to give proper assistance to adult independent
    learners.
   REACTIVE TELECOM, Residential Access to Information via Everyday
    Telecommunications Tools. Use of the telephone and the television to
    provide home access to information.
   SPRINTEL, Speedy Retrieval of Information on the Telephone. Use of
    voice technology to improve user access to library services.
   VERITY, Virtual and electronic sources for information skills training

Public library information and projects

   ARIADNE article - Sarah Ormes presents an extensive report on Public
    Libraries in the Information Society
   Ask a Librarian - An effective new service under the UK's EARL project
   Bibnet - The Flemish public libraries network in Belgium
   BINE - Coordinated by Bremen Public Library, the project is designed to
    provide free access to the Internet in conjunction with current public
    library services
   EARL homepage - UK initiative for connecting public libraries to the
    network
   Finnish list of public libraries - Finland is making rapid progress in
    networked services
   Folkbiblioteken på nätet - Forum för debatt, information och frågor.
    Swedish public libraries site
   LibraryNet helps to encourage Canadian libraries to connect to the
    information highway and to one another in support of community
    devleopment, electronic information services and lifelong learning.
   Net Notions for Librarians - Bright ideas and resources for public libraries
    interested in making the most of their WWW services
   Public Libraries of Europe - An excellent site from Sheila and Robert
                              4
    Harden providing comprehensive access to public libraries on a country-
    by-country basis
   Public libraries in Denmark - Jubii has a good library page with links to
    public libraries
   Public libraries in the Netherlands - A comprehensive list maintained by
    Koninklijke Bibliotheek
   Public Libraries Pages - Interesting data from UKOLN
   Public Libraries with Internet Services - Site maintained by St Joseph
    County public library
   Road Ahead programme - A Microsoft initiative, providing software, Web
    access, training and support to libraries and schools in disadvantaged
    areas of Europe on the basis of considerable U.S. experience of public
    library needs
   Spanish State Public Libraries - public library catalogues are accessable
    from this central location
   Stories From the Web: Development of a children's library Internet
    service model
   Wisconsin Public Library Resource List - A well presented series of links of
    relevance to libraries, education and technology

Individual public libraries - some interesting sites

   Ballerup children's library - A site specially for children, now in Danish but
    soon to be in English too
   BPI - The Bibliothèque Publique de l'Information at the Pompidou Centre
    in Paris
   Cologne - One of the most enterprising German sites
   Databiblioteket - Copenhagen's computer library offering access to the
    Internet and guidance in its use.
   Dublin - The first Irish public library on the Web
   Fredrika - A Finnish site in Swedish
   Helsinki - The oldest European public library on the Web and a good
    example of Finnish expertise.
   Husavik - An interesting site in Iceland - in pure Icelandic.
   London - An excellent starting point to investigate the libraries of London
    and their services.
   Maastricht - An attractive site from the Netherlands
   New York Public Library - An enterprising US public library site
   Oslo - A good Norwegian site with a number of interesting links, some in
    English
   Ronneby - A Swedish site with a range of features
   Silkeborg - A Danish site with English-language information including a
    case study of the library
   St. Joseph County Public Library Home Page - In South Bend, Indiana,
    the first public library on the Web
   Turin - This well-designed Italian site includes a virtual visit around the
                               5
    library.

Other documents maintained at this site of interest to public
libraries

   European Libraries enter the Internet - Progress report on recent
    developments with many pertinent links to the public library sphere
   National strategies - Links to national programmes and initiatives on
    libraries in the Information Society. Contains many national policy
    documents covering the role of public libraries

Policy support

   EBLIDA's declaration on the European Parliament's resolution on the role
    of libraries in modern society.
   The Leuven Communiqué highlighting four key roles for public libraries in
    the Information Society:
   Regional Information Services - a Role for Public Libraries in Europe:
    Keynote report from the Liberator project

Task force on educational multimedia

   Report from the European Comission's Task Force on Educational
    Software and Multimedia which includes a recommendation that all public
    libraries should offer free access to multimedia resources so that citizens
    can benefit from information services, arts and cultural activities and
    education and training facilities.

Other public library reports

   National Survey of Public Libraries and the Internet: Progress and Issues:
    1997 report from the US National Commission on Libraries and
    Information Sciences
   Centre for the Public Library in the Information Society - An initiative of
    the Department of Information Studies at the University of Sheffield
   Virtually New - Creating the Digital Collection - A ground clearing report
    from the UK, reviewing digitisation projects in local authority libraries and
    archives and calling for an agency to be established to coordinate public
    library digitisation.




                              6
http://www.cordis.lu/fp5/about.htm




                                     7
http://www.pulmanweb.org/




                            8
       http://www.cordis.lu/fp5/src/key.htm
                List of "Key actions" under the Fifth Framework Programme
                                      (EC and Euratom)
                                     Thematic Programmes
Quality of life and management of living resources

      Food, nutrition and health
      Control of infectious diseases
      The "cell factory"
      Environment and health
      Sustainable agriculture, fisheries and forestry and integrated development of rural areas
       including mountain areas
      The ageing population and disabilities

User-friendly information society

      Systems and services for the citizen
      New methods of work and electronic commerce
      Multimedia content and tools
      Essential technologies and infrastructures

Competitive and sustainable growth

      Innovative products, processes, organisation
      Sustainable mobility and intermodality
      Land transport and marine technologies
      New perspectives for aeronautics

Energy, environment and sustainable development

      Sustainable management and quality of water
      Global change, climate and biodiversity
      Sustainable marine ecosystems
      The city of tomorrow and cultural heritage
      Cleaner energy systems, including renewables
      Economic and efficient energy for a competitive Europe
      Controlled thermonuclear fusion (Euratom)
      Nuclear fission (Euratom)

                                     Horizontal Programme
Improving human research potential and the socio-economic knowledge base

      Improving human research potential and the socio-economic knowledge base


                                                 9
http://www.cordis.lu/fp5/src/3rdcountries.htm

             Participation from non-EU countries in FP5
The following tables, which are part of the Guide for Proposers Part 1, are updated
to take account of the evolving situation with regard to the participation of non-EU
legal entities in the Fifth Framework Programme.
                        Further details on Third Country Participation
                        in FP5 available on the INCO II Web Service

            Box 4 - Participation from non-EU countries in FP5 (1)
                              (Version 30.10.2001)
   ASSOCIATED              CANDIDATES              BULGARIA, REPUBLIC OF
     STATES                                        CYPRUS, CZECH REPUBLIC,
                             FOR EU-
                           MEMBERSHIP              ESTONIA, HUNGARY, LATVIA,
   may participate                                 LITHUANIA, MALTA(2), POLAND,
      WITH                                         ROMANIA, SLOVAKIA, SLOVENIA:
   COMMUNITY                                       in force.
    FUNDING
                                                   For TURKEY, please see footnote
                                                   (3).

                              EFTA-EEA                  ICELAND, LIECHTENSTEIN,
                                                             NORWAY: In force.

                               OTHERS              ISRAEL:     In force.




 THIRD STATES(6)        OTHER EUROPEAN             ALBANIA, BOSNIA-
  may participate                                  HERZEGOVINA, CROATIA,
                                                   FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF
    WITHOUT                                        YUGOSLAVIA, FORMER
   COMMUNITY                                       YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF
    FUNDING                                        MACEDONIA, SWITZERLAND(4)
(exceptionally with                                TURKEY(3) is also shown under
Community funding                                  Mediterranean Partnership.
when duly justified
                                                   MICROSTATES AND TERRITORIES
 as being essential
                                                   IN EUROPE(5)
 for achieving the
  objectives of the
      project)               EUROPEAN              ARMENIA, AZERBAIJAN,
                                NIS                BELARUS, GEORGIA, MOLDOVA,
                                                   RUSSIA, UKRAINE



                                             10
                                 MEDITERRANEAN              ALGERIA, EGYPT, JORDAN,
                                  PARTNERSHIP               LEBANON, MOROCCO, WEST
                                                            BANK AND GAZA STRIP, SYRIA,
                                                            TUNISIA, TURKEY(3).
                                                            All above countries may participate project by
                                                            project if in conformity with the interests of the
                                                            Community and on a self financing basis.


                                   COUNTRIES                ARGENTINA, AUSTRALIA,
                                     WITH                   CANADA, CHINA, RUSSIA, SOUTH
                                  COOPERATION               AFRICA, USA: in force.
                                   AGREEMENT                INDIA: agreement signed
                                                            BRAZIL, CHILE: negotiations under way.
                                                            UKRAINE: negotiation mandate given by the
                                                            Council
                                                            The above countries may participate in the fields
                                                            covered by the Co-operation Agreement, once in
                                                            force, and on a self financing basis.

                                    ANY OTHER               May participate project by project if in conformity
                                     COUNTRY                with the interests of the Community and on a self
                                                            financing basis, only if its participation is also of
                                                            substantial added value for implementing all or
                                                            part of the specific programmes in accordance
                                                            with its objectives.

                                INTERNATIONAL   May participate project by project if in conformity
                               ORGANISATIONS(7) with the interests of the Community and on a self
                                                            financing basis.

Participation from third States and of International Organisations must take place
together with the minimum number of legal entities from the Community and
any Associated States.
1. Different rules apply for the specific programme 'Confirming the international role of Community research'
(except for Associated States) and the EURATOM Framework Programme
2. Association agreement with Malta entered provisionally into force on 1st March 2001. For latest
information, please also consult http://europa.eu.int/comm/enlargement/pas/ocp/ocp_index.htm.
3. Turkish research entities participate to the activities of FP5 as "other European" as well as candidate
countries non associated in FP5. They are still also shown under Mediterranean Partnership. For latest news
see also http://europa.eu.int/comm/enlargement/pas/ocp/ocp_index.htm.
4. This association agreement is expected to enter into force sometimes in 2002. Once associated, that
status shall take precedence over any other and Switzerland shall not be considered as an "Other European"
country anymore. For more information on Swiss participation, http://www.cordis.lu/inco2/src/p-swiss.htm.
5. Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City State (Holy See), Faeroe Islands (DK), Channel Islands (GB),
Isle of Man (GB), Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (NO).
6. In the case of a country becoming associated to FP-5, that status takes precedence over any other.
7. Community funding may also be granted if it is foreseen to use the facilities of an international
organisation that are based in a third country, should this use be essential for achieving the objectives of
the project.

                                                      11
              http://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/home.html




Welcome to Multimedia, Content, Tools, eContent and Internet Action Plan


      KA3's objectives
      KA3's activities and priorities
      Who does ISTweb serve?
      Multimedia in modern society

   Multimedia: Enriching the Information Society
Propelled by an ever-present and ever-expanding internet, the world is undergoing a rapid
transformation from an industrial to an information-based society. Central to this evolution is a
repository of 'multimedia content and tools' that enlivens the Net and makes information-rich
applications and ideas a reality. As the technology behind this evolution continues to evolve and
improve, the foundations for ubiquitous multimedia throughout Europe are steadily being laid.

Pioneering Research and Development
Research and development is needed to reinforce Europe's position as a pioneer in multimedia
technologies. Key Action 3 (KA3) combines applied research, especially in the area of digital publishing,
e-culture and e-learning, with generic technology development to support more intelligent and user-
friendly provision, access and management of content. And, by exploring the multicultural and
multilingual aspects of IST, the research and demonstration activities emanating from this Key Action
reinforce the 'access for all' premise within the information society.
   KA3's Objectives
The objective of this domain is to foster research and technological development which:

      Improves the functionality, usability and acceptability of future information products and services;
      Enables linguistic and cultural diversity;
      Stimulates creativity; and
      Encourage lifelong learning through a special focus on education and training systems.

   KA3's Activities and Priorities
The activities and priorities of the Multimedia Content and Tools Key Action are as follows:

      New models, methods, technologies and systems for creating, processing, managing, networking, accessing and exploiting
       digital content, including audio-visual content;
                                                                  12
      New technological and business models for representing information, knowledge and know-how, thus augmenting the
       research dimension within KA3;
      Work to addresses both applications-oriented research - focusing on publishing, audio-visual, culture, as well as education
       and training - and generic research in language and content technologies for all applications areas; and
      Work should cover all project types, including validation, take-up, 'concertation' and standards.

For a more detailed description of KA3's activities and priorities, refer to the Actions Line descriptions for
2002.
   Who does ISTweb serve?
Key Action 3, Multimedia Content and Tools provides information via the IST web for:

      Researchers;
      Project participants & new applicants;
      Industry and business partners (esp. information services, publishers, content creators, media and entertainment services,
       e-commerce operators);
      Experts;
      Universities;
      Private and public user organisations (schools, libraries, museums and other educational and cultural establishments)
      General-interest groups,...

   Multimedia in modern society
Multimedia is not a new concept. In fact it has existed in different guises for well over 20 years - think
of those slideshow evenings with accompanying music and light snacks. But it was in the 1990s that
the term began to take on the richness of meaning we in Europe understand. Today, the
technology landscape has expanded to encompass all facets of our daily lives - at work, at home and on
the move - and it is reaching ever-widening segments of society.
The internet, e-mail, mobile phones, etc. are becoming standard features for Europe's information
society to communicate, gain access to new services and to learn new skills. Entrepreneurs are using
IST to improve their competitiveness and create new business. Researchers are exploiting IST
applications to gain new insight into complex scientific problems. But these developments are just the
beginning of the 'digital revolution' resulting from the convergence of computing, communications and
content.
Given the liberalisation of telecommunications, growing internet use, and the globalisation of
information communication technologies (ICT), technological development should continue its upward
trend over the next few years. In this context, research and technological development (RTD) in IST is
essential to maintain Europe's competitiveness and social cohesiveness.
'Multimedia Content and Tools' or Key Action (KA3) of the IST Programme has been created to manage
research projects aimed at fostering and stimulating these all-important technologies of the future.
Implemented together with other non-research programmes (eContent and Internet Action Plan) KA3 is
part of the Information Society Directorate-General of the European Commission. KA3, or Directorate D,
is based in Luxembourg
KA3 and the website it manages should be a primary information source and support environment for
all parties interested in emerging and converging ICT and multimedia content, which can be taken to
include:

      Interactive electronic publishing;

                                                                 13
      Digital heritage and cultural content;
      Education and training;
      Human language technologies;
      Information access, filtering, analysis and handling.

See below for a more detailed definition of 'multimedia'. For more information about the IST, FP5 or
other Commission activities, we recommend you visit our Useful Links page ...

Definition: Multimedia
Using computers and/or digital features to present visual and audio content in a meaningful context.
Elements include: animation, audio components, CD-ROM, computer entertainment, convergence
media, data compression, DVD, graphics and graphics interfaces, hypermedia, text, video,
videoconferencing, virtual reality, … and an ever expanding list of technologies in this growth area.
For more information consult the multimedia glossary available on this site.




               Systems &




                                                               14
                  http://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/digicult/calls.htm
                                                                  From policy to practice
                                                                    DigiCult in IST calls
                                                                  Calls in related sectors
                                                           Help to prepare your proposal?
     From policy to practice
Calls launched at regular intervals in the EU Research and Development domain under successive
Framework Programmes and published in the Supplement to the Official Journal of the European
Communities invite interested parties to submit for evaluation and selection proposals for various types
of projects eligible for funding.
Calls are linked with certain Action Lines which address research topics and priorities in each of the
five interrelated ''Multimedia Content and Tools" (KA3) areas. Projects submitted in response to the
same action line share common research goals and can thus be grouped together.
Action Lines for which calls are issued form the basis of annual Work Programmes. These contain
plans for research activities to be undertaken in the Information Society Technologies (IST) sector each
year.
In the course of the Fifth Framework Programme (FP5) for research, technological development and
demonstration activities (1998-2002), eight calls for proposals have been published in the IST sector,
from which a total of 110 DigiCult projects were selected and received funding.
- Click here to access all calls launched in the IST programme under FP5.
- Download Workprogramme 2002 which supported Call 8, the last IST call published under FP5.
Back to top
     DigiCult in IST calls
Calls for proposals of relevance to the DigiCult sector are now closed. New calls for proposals will be
launched under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6). To help Europe's research community prepare
for the first calls of FP6, a call for Expressions of Interest was published which closed in June 2002.

Past IST Calls and Action Lines relevant to DigiCult
- 8th Call for Proposals: Last call under FP5.
Opened: 16 November 2001
Closed: 21 February 2002
Action lines of interest to the DigiCult sector were:
IST-2002-III.5.1: KA3 Specific support measures
This action line aimed to provide opportunities for aggregating the results emerging from KAIII actions launched in FP5 and to document and disseminate them widely
so as to improve knowledge and best practice sharing, and accelerate technology take-up and roll-out, across Europe.

IST-2002-III.5.2: Preparing for future research activities
In an effort to prepare for future research activities under the 6th Framework Programme and to support RTD activities that link the current and future research
priorities, this action line intended to initiate a number of activities to prepare for RTD roadmaps and explore collaborative schemes that could be implemented using
the new instruments proposed by the Commission for the next Framework Programme.
Projects adopted: ORION, FIRST, E-CULTURENET

                                                                                  15
IST-2002-III.5.3: KA3 Pioneering Research
In an effort to prepare for future research activities under the 6th Framework Programme and to support RTD activities that link the current and future research
priorities, this action line aimed at future paradigms for next-generation knowledge and interface technologies.

IST-2002-V.1.15 CPA15: Technology platforms for cultural and arts creative expressions
This action line aimed to develop future generic platforms and tools for improving creative expression and facilitating access to inspirational material for artistic and
cultural content creation. Applications included creative work in media production, cultural assets exploitation, artistic design, and facilitate contemporary arts and
performance. Work will take advantage of, and develop technologies for virtual, augmented and mixed realities, new displays, and multisensory and multimodal
interfaces.

Projects adopted: MUSICNETWORK, ART-E-FACT
IST-2002-VIII.1.2: Network of excellence and working groups
Project adopted: PULMAN XT
IST-2002-VIII.1.6: Enabling RTD cooperation with newly associated states
Project adopted: HEREIN 2E
Back to top
- 7th Call for Proposals

Opened: 7 July 2001

Closed: 17 October 2001
Action lines from which DigiCult projects resulted:

IST-2001-VIII.1.2: Network of excellence and working groups
Project adopted: MINERVA
IST-2001-VIII.1.8: Dissemination and awareness of IST programme results
Project adopted: DIGICULT FORUM
- 6th Call for Proposals
Opened: 27 January 2001
Closed: 25 April 2001

IST-2001-III.1.2: Heritage for all
Projects adopted:CHIMER, CIPHER, COINE, MEMORIAL, ERPANET, DHX
IST-2001-III.1.3: Next Generation of Digital Collections
Projects adopted:VIHAP3D, CHLT, SCIX, ORIEL, OMNIPAPER
IST-2001-III.5.1: x-content futures
Project adopted: D-LIB CENTER
IST-2001-VIII.1.3: Channelling of standardisation and interoperability initiatives
Project adopted: MUSENIC
IST-2001-VIII.1.6: Enabling RTD cooperation with Newly Associated States
Project adopted: DELOS
Back to top
- 5th Call for Proposals
Opened: 14 October 2000
Closed: 15 January 2001


                                                                                    16
Action line from which DigiCult projects resulted:

IST-2000-VIII.1.1: Project clusters
Projects adopted: EMII-DCF, OAF, TRIS
- 4th Call for Proposals
Opened: 25 July 2000
Closed: 31 October 2000
Action lines from which DigiCult projects resulted:

IST-2000-III.1.5: Trials on new access modes to cultural and scientific content
Projects adopted: See our take-ups cluster

IST-2000-III.1.6: Virtual representations of cultural and scientific objects
Projects adopted: ARCO, MULTIMOD, PURE-FORM, VITRA, VS
IST-2000-III.1.3:Trials and test-beds for digital content authoring and personalising
systems
Project adopted: ARCHIVIEW
IST-2000-III.1.3: Working groups and dissemination and awareness actions
Projects adopted: BIONET, CLEF, CULTIVATE-RUSSIA, HEREIN2
IST-2000-VIII.1.6: Enabling RTD cooperation with third countries
Project adopted:HERITAGENET 2
Back to top
- 3th Call for Proposals
Opened: 10 February 2000
Closed: 10 May 2000
Action line(s) from which DigiCult projects resulted:

IST-2000-III.1.4: Access to digital collections of cultural and scientific content
Projects adopted:ARION, CHIOS, CYCLADES, EVAN, LEAF, LIBECON, MESMUSES, MIND,
OPENHERITAGE, PULMAN, REGNET, TEL
- 2nd Call for Proposals
Opened: 1 October 1999
Closed: 17 January 2000
Action line(s) from which DigiCult projects resulted:

IST-1999-III.2.4: Digital preservation of cultural heritage
Projects adopted: 3DMURALE, AMICITIA, CELIP, COLLATE, CRISATEL, META-E, PAST, PRESTO
- 1st Call for Proposals
Opened: 19 March 1999
Closed: 16 June 1999
Action line(s) from which DigiCult projects resulted:

IST-1999-III.2.3: Access to scientific and cultural heritage
Projects adopted: ASH, ARCHEOGUIDE, ARTISTE, BRAVA, COVAX, CULTIVATE-EU, REYNARD,
TOURBOT, VAKHUM


                                                        17
IST-1999-III.2.2: Content management and personalisation
Projects adopted:ECHO, ETB, DELOS
IST-1999-III.2.1: Authoring and design systems
Project adopted:RENAISSANCE
Back to top
   Calls in related sectors
- In other Multiledia Content and Tools (KA3) Units:
      Interactive electronic publishing
      Education and Training
      Language Technologies
      Information, Access, Filtering, Analysis and Handling (IAF)
- In eContent
- In other European Commission programmes with a cultural dimension
   Help to prepare your proposal?
- For calls under FP5:
      Follow these links for general information and guidance to make a proposal.
- For calls under FP6:
      If you are interested in preparing a proposal for submission under FP6, now is the time to start
      looking for partners:
      the CORDIS Partners Service will help you establish a partnership!
Back to top




                                                   18
http://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/digicult/newsletter.htm




                                       19
20
eEurope 2005
Executive summary
The objective of this Action Plan is to provide a favourable environment for
private investment and for the creation of new jobs, to boost productivity, to
modernize public services, and to give everyone the opportunity to participate in
the global information society. eEurope 2005 therefore aims to stimulate
secure services, applications and content based on a widely available
broadband infrastructure.
I.
The Barcelona European Council called on the Commission to draw up an
eEurope action plan focussing on ―the widespread availability and use of
broadband networks throughout the Union by 2005 and the development of
Internet protocol IPv6 …. and the security of networks and information,
eGovernment, eLearning, eHealth and eBusiness‖1

This action plan will succeed the eEurope 2002 action plan endorsed by the Feira
European Council in June 2000. eEurope is part of the Lisbon strategy to make
the European Union the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based
economy with improved employment and social cohesion by 2010.
eEurope 2002, with the joint effort of all stakeholders, has already delivered
major changes and has increased the number of citizens and businesses
connected to the Internet. It has reshaped the regulatory environment for
communications networks and services and for e-commerce and opened the
door to new generations of mobile and multimedia services. It is providing
opportunities for people to participate in society and helping the workforce to
acquire the skills needed in a knowledge-driven economy. It is bringing
computers and the Internet into schools across the Union, bringing governments
on-line and focusing attention on the need to ensure a safer online world.

II.
The information society has much untapped potential to improve productivity
and the quality of life. This potential is growing due to the technological
developments of broadband and multi-platform access, i.e. the possibility to
connect to the Internet via other means than the PC, such as digital TV and 3G.
These developments are opening up significant economic and social
opportunities. New services, applications and content will create new markets
and provide the means to increase productivity and hence growth and
employment throughout the economy. They will also provide citizens with more
convenient access to information and communication tools.
Most services are provided by the market. Developing new services needs
significant investment, most of it from the private sector. But there is a problem:
funding more 1 Barcelona European Council, Presidency Conclusions, paragraph
40(http://ue.eu.int/en/Info/eurocouncil/index.htm) advanced multimedia services
depends on the availability of broadband for these service to run on, while
funding broadband infrastructure depends on the availability of new services to

                                        21
use it. Action is needed to stimulate services and infrastructure to create the
dynamic where one side develops from the growth of the other. Both
developing services and building infrastructures are mainly tasks for the private
sector and eEurope will create a favourable environment for private investment.
This means not only developing an investment friendly legal framework but also
taking actionthat stimulates demand and so reduces uncertainty to private
investors.

eEurope 2005 applies a number of measures to address both sides of the
equation simultaneously. On the demand side, actions on e-government, e-
health, e-learning and e-business are designed to foster the development of new
services. In addition to providing both better and cheaper services to citizens,
public authorities can use their purchasing power to aggregate demand and
provide a crucial pull for new networks.

On the supply side, actions on broadband and security should advance the roll-
out of infrastructure. The Lisbon strategy is not just about productivity and
growth but also about employment and social cohesion. eEurope 2005 puts users
at the centre. It will improve participation, open up opportunities for everyone
and enhance skills. eEurope contains measures regarding e-inclusion in all action
lines. One important tool to achieve this is to ensure multi-platform provision of
services. It is generally accepted that not everyone will want to have a PC.
Making sure that services, especially online public services, are available over
different terminals such as TV sets or mobile phones is crucial to ensuring the
inclusion of all citizens.

III.
The eEurope action plan is based on two groups of actions which reinforce each
other. On the one hand, it aims to stimulate services, applications and
content, covering both online public services and e-business; on the other hand
it addresses the underlying broadband infrastructure and security matters.

The action plan comprises four separate but interlinked tools Firstly, policy
measures to review and adapt legislation at national and European level; to
ensure legislation does not unnecessarily hamper new services; to strengthen
competition and interoperability; to improve access to a variety of networks; and,
to demonstrate political leadership. eEurope 2005 identifies those areas where
public policy can provide an added value and therefore focuses on a limited set
of actions in priority areas. Some key targets are:
· Connecting public administrations, schools, health care to broadband
· Interactive public services, accessible for all, and offered on multiple platforms
· Provide online health services
· Removal of obstacles to the deployment of broadband networks
· Review of legislation affecting e-business
· Creation of a Cyber Security Task Force

                                        22
Secondly, eEurope will facilitate the exchange of experience, of good practices
and demonstration projects, but also of sharing the lessons from failures.
Projects will be launched to accelerate the roll-out of leading edge applications
and infrastructure.

Thirdly, policy measures will be monitored and better focussed by enchmarking
of the progress made in achieving the objectives and of the policies in support of
the objectives.

Fourthly, an overall co-ordination of existing policies will bring out
synergies between proposed actions. A steering group will provide a better
overview of policy developments and ensure a good information exchange
between national and European policy makers and the private sector. This
steering group would also make an early participation of candidate countries
possible.

By 2005, Europe should have:
– modern online public services
e-government
e-learning services
e-health services
– a dynamic e-business environment
and, as an enabler for these
– widespread availability of broadband access at competitive prices
– a secure information infrastructure

IV.
This action plan is a proposal to Member States to take some far-reaching
commitments. It is an invitation to the private sector to work with the
Commission and Member States to realise the eEurope objectives. It sets out the
initiatives the Commission will or is willing to take. Overall the action plan sets
the scene for a coordinated European policy approach on information society
issues. The eEurope action plan should be confirmed as a key element in the
Lisbon strategy. If successful, this plan will have a significant impact on growth
and productivity, employment and social cohesion in Europe.
The European Council in Sevilla is expected to endorse an Action Plan
and invite Council and Parliament to adopt as quickly as possible the
necessary legal and budgetary instruments to implement it.




                                        23
eEurope: creating cooperation for digitisation
INTRODUCTION
   "Europe's cultural and scientific knowledge resources are a unique public
   asset forming the collective and evolving memory of our diverse societies and
   providing a knowledge basis for the development of our content industries in
   a sustainable knowledge society." - Lund Principles
   The challenge is to unlock these resources for the present and the future. As
   part of meeting this challenge the European Commission and the Member
   States have been working together on creating co-operation for digitisation.



INDEX
      Digitisation and the eEurope Action Plans http:/// - digitisation
      Why coordinate?
      Lund Principles - a shared activity
      Lund Principles - in summary
       http://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/digicult/eeurope-overview.htm -
       3lprinchttp://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/digicult/eeurope-overview.htm -
       3lprinc
      National Representatives Group 4
      An evolving agenda 5
      Policies


Digitisation and the eEurope Action Plans
Digitisation is a key staging post if Europe is to exploit in the new digital world
the rich cultural and scientific resources it holds. Digitisation contributes to the
conservation and preservation of heritage and scientific resources; it creates new
educational opportunities; it can be used to encourage tourism; and it provides
ways of improving access by the citizen to their patrimony.
The critical role that it plays was recognised in the eEurope 2002 Action Plan
(http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/action_plan/index_en.htm)
endorsed by the EU Member Sates at the Feira European Council in June 2000.
Amongst the objectives of the Action Plan is that of stimulating European content
in global networks in order fully to exploit the opportunities created by the
advent of digital technologies.
One specific action invited Member States and the Commission jointly to:
…’create a co-ordination mechanism for digitisation programmes
across Member States’...
^back to top


Why co-ordinate?
There is considerable financial and human effort invested in projects and in a
variety of digitisation campaigns across Europe but these activities are heavily

                                        24
fragmented and there are many obstacles to making such initiatives successful,
economic and sustainable over time.
These hurdles include: the diversity of approaches to digitisation; the risks
associated with the use of inappropriate technologies and inadequate standards;
the challenges posed by long term preservation and access to digital objects;
lack of consistency in approaches to Intellectual Property Rights (IPR); and the
lack of synergy between cultural and new technology programmes.
Better awareness of what is going on in other countries (and within countries) at
policy and project level, guidelines, development of best practice, promoting the
use of standards which support interoperability - these all contribute to providing
better access to digitised resources and to improving the effectiveness of
digitisation initiatives.
^back to top


Lund Principles - a shared activity
The Cultural Heritage Applications Unit of the Information Society Directorate
General has been actively working since late 2000 with Member States on how to
co-ordinate approaches to digitisation, with the encouragement and support of
successive Presidencies.
The framework for the actions was launched at an experts meeting of
representatives from all countries, held in Lund on 4 April 2001. The conclusions
and recommendations of this meeting were agreed as the ‗Lund Principles‘
(http://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/digicult/lund_principles.htm) developed into the
‗Lund Action Plan‘ (http://www.cordis.lu/ist/ka3/digicult/lund_ap_browse.htm)
both of which are now available in all EU languages.
These established an agenda for actions to be carried out by Member States, by
the Commission, and by Member States and Commission jointly. The approach is
one of collaborative inputs and shared responsibilities across the different actors
involved, ranging from bottom-up involvement of the cultural institutions
themselves, for example in determining cases of best practice, to top-down
initiatives on policies.
^back to top


Lund Principles - in summary
The main conclusions were that the Member States could make progress on the
eEurope objective if they:
    established an ongoing forum for coordination;
    supported the developing of a European view on policies and
      programmes;
    developed mechanisms to promote good practice and consistency of
      practice and skills development;
    worked in a collaborative manner to make visible and accessible the
      digitised cultural and scientific heritage of Europe.
The Commission could help achieve the eEurope objectives by:
                                        25
      supporting coordination activities;
      enabling the creation of centres of competence;
      fostering the development of benchmarking standards for digitisation
       practices;
     encouraging a framework that would enable a shared vision of European
       content
     and assisting Member States to improve access and awareness for citizens
       through enhancing trhe quality and usability o content and the
       development of models to enable eCulture enterprises.
'An Open Method for Benchmarking Digitisation Policies - Objectives,
Methodology and Indicators' has been proposed by European Commission to the
Member States representatives as a tool to exchange good practices and to
improve national practices, coordination and investments. Member States have
adopted the model, included benchmarking approach as a basis tool in the Lund
Principles and they have established a Benchmarking Workgroup with experts
nominated officially by national authorities.
^back to top


National Representatives Group
A National Representatives Group (NRG), made up of officially nominated experts
from each Member State, has been established to act as "a steering group for
the activities related to the co-ordination of digitisation policies and programmes,
with special emphasis on cultural and scientific resources and on the contribution
of public cultural institutions." Its stated mission is to monitor progress regarding
the objectives encapsulated in the 'Lund Principles'.
The NRG held its first meeting in Brussels on 11 December 2001, the second
meeting took place in Alicante, Spain on 16-17 May 2002. These meetings, will
continue to take place every 6 months under the chairmanship of the current
Presidency. The 3rd NRG meeting will take place in Copenhagen on 10-11
December 2002 under the Danish Presidency.
The NRG will share national experiences and create a common platform for
cooperation and coordination of national activities across the European Union, as
well as for their follow up at national level. It provides a stable, continuing focus
for consensus building between Member States, for promoting good practice,
and for encouraging initiatives to support the visibility of quality cultural sites. As
conclusion of that important meeting an important progress of the digitisation
agenda has been reported and 'Terms of Reference' have been produced.
^back to top


An evolving agenda
Since Lund, work has progressed through a series of meetings, again involving
national experts from across the EU and with the aim of putting into place
practical co-operation schemes. These are supported by smaller working groups,
which have initially focussed on national policy profiles, on sharing national
                                          26
inventories and on metadata, on benchmarking, and on quality in cultural web
sites. Progress is reflected in updates to the Lund Action Plan.
Each plenary meeting often further develops a specific focus: the Lund meeting
paid special attention to policy profiles and to benchmarking; the next meeting
held in Brussels on 17 July 2001 introduced the topic of quality and the proposal
to develop the Brussels Quality Framework. The meeting planned under the
Spanish Presidency will discuss digital preservation aspects. Each National
Representative has produced a 'Status Report', in which the extent of
dissemination and consensus building about 'Lund Principles' and 'Terms of
reference' are summarized. On the second meeting day the Spanish Presidency
organised a 'workshop on good practices on digitisation';
Further support comes from MINERVA, a Network of Excellence funded under
the IST Programme. MINERVA, with an initial membership of seven Ministries or
related national bodies, provides a collaborative framework for the Lund Action
Plan and its working groups. MINERVA aims to extend its network to all Member
States in the short term.


Policies
National policy profiles have been created on the basis of an initial common
questionnaire and all Member States have undertaken to publish these on an
appropriate national site to which these pages will link.
The exchange of information and best practice on digitisation policies is
supported by the work on developing a Framework for benchmarking digitisation
policies.
At European level, these activities have been lent added support from recent
Council Resolutions of 21st January 2002 on Culture in the knowledge society
(2002/C 32/01) and Role of culture in the development of the European Union
(OJ, 2002/C 32/01). Both were published in the Official Journal 5 February 2002,
Series C.
^back to top




                                       27
http://www.cordis.lu/rtd2002/fp-debate/fp.htm




                                  28
The European Research Area (ERA)

European Research Area developments

The creation of a European Research Area was proposed by the European Commission
in January 2000 in its communication "Towards a European Research Area".

"The aim of this communication is to look at how to progress towards a better
organisation of research in Europe and to put forward suggestions for consideration and
debate. The idea is to create a European research area. This is not a new idea, but the
conditions required to progress towards achieving this now seem to be in place.

How should this idea of a European research area be defined? It should embrace in
particular the following aspects:

      Networking of existing centres of excellence in Europe and the creation of virtual
       centres through the use of new interactive communication tools.
      A common approach to the needs and means of financing large research facilities
       in Europe.
      More coherent implementation of national and European research activities and
       closer relations between the various organisations of scientific and technological
       cooperation in Europe.
      Better use of instruments and resources to encourage investment in research
       and innovation: systems of indirect aid (within the Community rules on State
       aid), patents, risk capital.
      Establishment of a common system of scientific and technical reference for the
       implementation of policies.

More abundant and more mobile human resources:

      Greater mobility of researchers and introduction of a European dimension to
       scientific careers.
      More prominence to the place and role of women in research.
      Stimulating young people‘s taste for research and careers in science.
      Greater European cohesion in research based on the best experiences of
       knowledge transfer at regional and local levels and on the role of the regions in
       the European research efforts.
      Bringing together the scientific communities, companies and researchers of
       Western and Eastern Europe.
      Improving the attraction of Europe for researchers from the rest of the world.
      Promotion of common social and ethical values in scientific and technological
       matters."

extract from the Commission's Communication "Towards a European Research Area"




                                           29
http://www.cordis.lu/rtd2002/era-
developments/world.htm




                                    30
Extracts from:

DECISION No 1513/2002/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
of 27 June 2002 concerning the sixth framework programme of the European Community for research,
technological development and demonstration activities, contributing to the creation of the European
Research Area and to innovation (2002 to 2006)
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, Having regard to the Treaty
establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 166(1) thereof, Having regard to the
proposal from the Commission (1), Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social
Committee (2), Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions ( 3), Acting in accordance
with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty ( 4)

Whereas:
(1) For the fulfilment of the tasks laid down in Article 2 of the Treaty, Article 163 of the Treaty
provides that the Community is to have the objective of strengthening the scientific and technological
bases of Community industry and encouraging it to become more competitive at international level,
while promoting research activities deemed necessary by virtue of other Community policies.
(2) Article 164 of the Treaty enumerates the activities the Community is to carry out in pursuing these
objectives, complementing the activities carried out in the Member States.
(3) The Treaty provides for the adoption of a multiannual framework programme setting out all
Community research, technological development and demonstration (RTD) activities. This framework
programme fully respects the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty.
(4) Pursuant to Article 165 of the Treaty, the Community and Member States are to coordinate their
research and technological development activities so as to ensure that national policies and
Community policy are mutually consistent.
(5) In 2000 the Commission submitted two communications, respectively on the prospects for and
the objectives of creating a European Research Area, and on making a reality of the European
Research Area and guidelines for European Union research activities in the period 2002 to 2006. In
2000 the Commission also submitted a communication on innovation in a
knowledge-driven economy.
(6) The European Councils in Lisbon in March 2000, Santa Maria de Feira in June 2000 and Stockholm
in March 2001 adopted conclusions aimed at the rapid establishment of a European research and
innovation area with a view to sustainable economic growth, more employment and social cohesion
with the ultimate goal of enabling the Union, by 2010, to become the world's most competitive and
dynamic knowledge economy.
Building upon the obligation of Article 6 of the Treaty, the Gˆteborg European Council in June 2001
agreed ona strategy for sustainable development and added a third, environmental dimension to the
Lisbon strategy. In particular, the European Council in Lisbon underlined the importance of the
Commission's e-Europe initiative, which aims at an information society for all, while the Stockholm
European Council also stressed the need to make particular efforts in new technologies, especially
biotechnology…………………..
 (7) The European Parliament (1) (2), the Council (3) (4), the Economic and Social Committee (5) and
the Committee of the Regions (6) have also supported the creation of the European Research Area.
(8) On 19 October 2000 the Commission submitted the conclusions of the external assessment of the
implementation and results of the Community activities carried out in the five years preceding that
assessment, accompanied by its observations.
(9) The sixth framework programme should have a structuring effect on research and technological
development in Europe, including the Member States,associated candidate countries and other
associated countries and make a significant contribution to the establishment of the European
Research Area and to innovation.
(10) In accordance with Article 166(1) of the Treaty, it is necessary to establish the scientific and
technological objectives and to fix the relevant priorities for the activities envisaged, the maximum
overall amount, the detailed rules for Community financial participation in the sixth framework
programme, as well as the respective shares in each of the activities envisaged, and to indicate the
broad lines of the activities in question, which will be implemented in compliance with the objective of
protecting the Community's financial interests. It is important to ensure sound financial management
of the sixth framework programme.
                                                   31
(11) It is appropriate to place special emphasis on the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises
(SMEs), bearing in mind the European Charter for Small Enterprisesendorsed by the Feira European
Council, whose principles and eighth line for action aim to strengthen the technological capacity of
small enterprises, and to facilitate access to the best research and technology.
(12) The sixth framework programme should provide an important contribution, covering the full
spectrum from basic to applied research, to the development of scientific and technical excellence and
to the coordination of European research. The framework programme should stress the importance of
involving associated candidate countries in the Community's research policy and in the European
Research Area.
(13) Specific targeted projects and coordination actions may also be used as a ëstairway of excellenceí
to facilitate the access of smaller research actors of scientific excellence, including SMEs, as well as
research actors from associated candidate countries, to the activities of this framework programme.
(14) The participation of the outermost regions in Community RTD actions through appropriate
mechanisms adapted to their particular situation should be facilitated.
(15) The international and global dimension in European research activities is important in
the interest of obtaining mutual benefits. The sixth framework programme is open to the
participation of countries having concluded the necessary agreements to this effect, and
is also open on the project level, and on the basis of mutual benefit, to the participation of
entities from third countries and of international organizations for scientific cooperation.
Specific activities will be undertaken in support of participation of scientists and
institutions from developing countries, Mediterranean countries including the western
Balkans as well as Russia and the new independent states (NIS).
(16) The Joint Research Centre should contribute to the implementation of the framework programme,
where it can provide independent, customer-driven support for the formulation and implementation of
Community policies, including the monitoring of implementation of such policies, in the areas of its
specific competence.
(17) Research activities carried out within the sixth framework programme should respect fundamental
ethical principles, including those which are reflected in Article 6 of the Treaty on European Union and
in the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union.
(18) Following the Commission communication ëA mobility strategy within the European Research
Areaí, the mobility of researchers will be promoted, with a view to the successful creation of the
European Research Area.
(19) Following the Commission communication ëWomen and Scienceí and the Resolutions of the
Council of 20 May 1999 [etc]………, an action plan is being implemented in order to reinforce and
increase the place and role of women in science and research, and further enhanced action is
needed.
(20) The Commission should submit regular progress reports to the European Parliament and the
Council on the implementation of the sixth framework programme. It is also appropriate that the
Commission, in good time and before submitting its proposal for the seventh framework programme,
has an independent assessment carried out of the implementation of the activities undertaken,
bearing in mind the contribution of the sixth framework programme to the creation of the
European Research Area, which should be done in a spirit of openness with respect to all the relevant
actors.
(21) Implementation of the sixth framework programme may give rise to the participation of the
Community in programmes undertaken by several Member States or to the setting up of joint
undertakings or other arrangements within the meaning of Articles 169 to
171 of the Treaty.
(22) The Scientific and Technical Research Committee (CREST) has been consulted,

HAVE DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:
Article 1
1. A multiannual framework programme for Community research, technological development and
demonstration activities, hereinafter referred to as the ësixth framework programmeí is hereby
adopted for the period 2002 to 2006.
2. The sixth framework programme shall comprise all Community activities envisaged in Article 164 of
the Treaty.
3. The sixth framework programme shall contribute to the creation of the European Research Area
and to innovation.

                                                  32
4. Annex I sets out the scientific and technological objectives and the related priorities and indicates
the broad lines of the activities envisaged.
Article 2
1. The maximum overall amount for Community financial participation in the entire sixth framework
programme shall be EUR 16 270 million. The proportion assigned to each of the activities is fixed in
Annex II.
2. The detailed rules for financial participation by the Community shall be governed by the Financial
Regulation applicable to the General Budget of the European Communities, supplemented by Annex
III.
Article 3
All the research activities carried out under the sixth framework programme must be carried out in
compliance with fundamental ethical principles.
Article 4
In the context of the annual report to be submitted by the Commission pursuant to Article 173 of the
Treaty, the Commission shall report in detail on progress with implementing the sixth framework
programme, and in particular progress towards achieving its objectives and meeting its priorities as set
out under each heading of Annex I;information on financial aspects and the use of the instruments
shall also be included.
Article 5
The sixth framework programme shall be implemented through specific programmes. These
programmes shall establish precise objectives and the detailed rules for implementation.
Article 6
1. The Commission shall continually and systematically monitor, with the help of independent qualified
experts, the implementation of the sixth framework programme and its specific programmes.
2. Before submitting its proposal for the next framework programme, the Commission shall have an
external assessment carried out by independent highly qualified experts of the implementation and
achievements of Community activities during the five years preceding that assessment.
The Commission shall communicate the conclusions thereof, accompanied by its observations, to the
European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the
Regions.


of the European Communities EN
ANNEX I
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL OBJECTIVES, BROAD LINES OF THE ACTIVITIES AND PRIORITIES
INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL OUTLINE
The sixth framework programme (ëthis programmeí) will be carried out to further the objective set out in Article
163(1) of the Treaty, ëof strengthening the scientific and technological bases of Community industry and
encouraging it to become more competitive at international level, while promoting all the research activities
deemed necessary by virtue of other Chapters of this Treatyí.
In order to achieve this more effectively, and in order to contribute to the creation of the European Research Area
and to innovation, this programme will be structured around the following three headings, under which the four
activities as set out in Article 164 of the Treaty will be undertaken:
ó focusing and integrating Community research,
ó structuring the European Research Area,
ó strengthening the foundations of the European Research Area.
The activities under these three headings will contribute to the integration of research efforts and activities on a
European scale as well as contributing to the structuring of the various dimensions of the European Research
Area.
Coordination of activities carried out under these headings will be ensured.
In order to help the development of SMEs in the knowledge society and the use of the economic potential of SMEs
in an enlarged and better integrated European Union, SMEs, including small and micro enterprises as well as craft
enterprises, will be encouraged to participate in all areas and all instruments as set out in Annex III of the sixth
framework programme, in particular in the context of the activities carried out in the priority thematic areas in the
spirit of ëstairway of excellenceí. A smooth transition from the modalities used in the fifth framework programme
to those used in the sixth framework programme will be ensured.
International participation in these activities will be assured. Participation will be open to all countries having
concluded association agreements with the Community to this effect. Other third countries may participate in this
programme via bilateral cooperation agreements.
Researchers and organisations from third countries may also participate on a case by case basis in
projects. The detailed conditions under which entities from third countries and international

                                                         33
organisations involved in research activities may participate in this programme, including the
financial arrangements, are specified in the decision which will be adopted
pursuant to Article 167 of the Treaty.
Participation in the activities of this programme will be encouraged through publication of the necessary
information on content, conditions and procedures, to be made available in a timely and thorough
manner to potential participants, including those from the associated candidate and other associated
countries.
During the implementation of this programme and in the research activities arising from it, fundamental ethical
principles including animal welfare requirements, are to be respected. These include, inter alia, principles reflected
in the
Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union, protection of human dignity and human life, protection of
personal data and privacy as well as the environment in accordance with Community law and, where relevant,
international conventions, such as the Declaration of Helsinki, the Council of Europe Convention on Human Rights
and Biomedicine signed in Oviedo on 4 April 1997 and the Additional Protocol on the Prohibition of Cloning Human
Beings signed in Paris on 12 January 1998, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Universal
Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights adopted by UNESCO, and the relevant World Health
Organisation (WHO) resolutions, the Amsterdam Protocol on Animal Protection and Welfare; and current
legislation, regulations and ethical guidelines in countries where the research will be carried out.

L 232/4 29.8.2002 Official Journal of the European Communities EN
1. FOCUSING AND INTEGRATING COMMUNITY RESEARCH
The activities carried out under this heading, which will represent the major part of the efforts deployed under
this programme, are intended to integrate research efforts and activities on a European scale. They will be
focussed primarily on seven clearly defined thematic priority areas, while further specific measures will be
undertaken across a wider field of scientific and technological research.
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) will provide independent customer-driven support for the formulation and
implementation of Community policies, including the monitoring of implementation of such policies, within its
areas of specific competence.
1.1. Thematic priorities
Seven priority thematic areas are identified, namely:
1. life sciences, genomics and biotechnology for health;
2. information society technologies;
3. nanotechnologies and nanosciences, knowledge-based multifunctional materials, and new production
processes and devices;
4. aeronautics and space;
5. food quality and safety;
6. sustainable development, global change and ecosystems;
7. citizens and governance in a knowledge-based society.
1.2. Specific activities covering a wider field of research
1.2.1. Supporting policies and anticipating scientific and technological needs
Activities in support of Community policies and research responding to new and emerging scientific
and technological needs
1.2.2. Horizontal research activities involving SMEs
These specific activities are intended to help European SMEs in traditional or new areas to boost their
technological capacities and develop their ability to operate on a European and international scale.
1.2.3. Specific measures in support of international cooperation
In support of external relations and the development policy of the Community, specific measures
aimed at encouraging international research cooperation will be undertaken. In principle, the following
three groups of third countries will be involved:
(a) developing countries;
(b) Mediterranean countries, including the western Balkans;
(c) Russia and the new independent states (NIS).
1.3. Non-nuclear activities of the Joint Research Centre
Two specific research areas have been selected for JRC activities, namely:
(a) food, chemical products and health;
(b) environment and sustainability.
29.8.2002 L 232/5 Official Journal of the European Communities EN

2. STRUCTURING THE EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA
Activities in this area will cover the following:
2.1. Research and innovation
Activities to stimulate technological innovation, utilisation of research results, transfer of knowledge and
technologies and the setting up of technology businesses in the Community and in all its regions will be carried
out under this heading to complement the activities relating to innovation under the heading ëfocusing and
integrating community researchí.
                                                         34
2.2. Human resources and mobility
Activities to support the development of world-class human resources in all the regions of the Community by
promoting transnational mobility for training purposes, development of expertise or transfer of knowledge
between different sectors, supporting the development of excellence and helping to make Europe more
attractive to the best of third country researchers. The potential offered by all sectors of the population,
especially women, should be developed through appropriate supporting measures.
2.3. Research infrastructures
Activities to promote the optimum use of, including access to, research infrastructures and to support the
identification, planning and, in duly justified cases, setting up of advanced research facilities of European
interest.
2.4. Science and society
Activities to encourage harmonious relations between science and society and the awareness of society in
respect of innovation, as a result of new relations and informed dialogue between researchers, industrialists,
political decision-makers and citizens.

3. STRENGTHENING THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA
Activities to step up the coordination and support the coherent development of research and development
policies in Europe. They would provide financial support for measures such as the opening up of national
programmes.

1. FOCUSING AND INTEGRATING COMMUNITY RESEARCH
Thematic priorities
1.1.2. Information society technologies (IST)

O b j e c t i ve
The activities carried out in this area, pursuant to the conclusions of the Lisbon European Council and the
objectives of the e-Europe initiative, are intended to stimulate the development in Europe of both hardware and
software technologies and applications at the heart of the creation of the information society in order to
increase the competitiveness of European industry and allow European citizens in all Union regions the
possibility of benefiting fully from the development of the knowledge-based society. Concentration on the
future generation of IST will bring IST applications and services to everyone and enable the development of the
next generation of technologies to be more userñcentered.

J u s t i f i c a t ion o f t h e e f f o r t and European added v a l u e
At the dawn of the 21st century, information and communication technologies are revolutionising the
functioning of the economy and society, and are generating new ways of producing, trading and
communicating.

This has become the Union's second most important sector of the economy, with an annual market of EUR
2 000 billion and employing more than 2 million persons in Europe, a number that is steadily rising.
Europe is well positioned to lead and shape the future development not only of technologies but also of their
impact on our life and work. The future competitiveness of all European industry and the living standards of
(1) See also Section 1.2.1. ëPolicy support and anticipating scientific and technological needsí and Heading III (Strengthening the
foundations of the European Research Area) for other health-related topics.
Europe's citizens depend largely on future efforts in IST research in order to prepare the future generation of
products, processes and services.

Industrial and commercial successes of the kind that Europe has achieved in mobile communications as a result
of the global system for mobile communication (GSM) standard will not be repeated unless a concerted effort is
made to invest a critical mass of research resources in this area, by integrating public and private sector efforts
on a European scale.

With a view to exerting maximum impact in economic and social terms, effort should focus on the future
generation of those technologies in which computers, interfaces and networks will be more integrated into the
everyday environment and will render accessible, through easy and ënaturalí interactions, a multitude of services
and applications. This vision of ëambient intelligenceí (interactive intelligent environment) seeks to place the
user, the human being, at the centre of the future development of the knowledge-based society.
Community actions will concentrate on the technological priorities that will make it possible to realise this
vision. They will aim at mobilising the community of researchers around targeted initiatives, such as the
development of the next generations of mobile communication systems, so as to achieve medium and
long-term objectives while being able to react to the new needs and demands of markets as well as those of
public policy and citizens.

Actionsenvisaged
The actions undertaken will therefore address the following technological priorities:

                                                                35
Integrating research into technological areas of priority interest for citizens and businesses
Completing and building on progress expected in the development of basic technologies, research aimed at
finding solutions for major societal and economic challenges, faced by an emerging knowledge-based society
including the consequences for work and the workplace environment, and, accordingly, focusing on:
(a) research on technologies addressing the key security challenges posed by the ëall-digitalí world and the need
to secure the rights and privacy of citizens;
(b) ambient intelligenceí systems offering access to the information society for all, regardless of age and
situation (such as disability or other individual circumstances), as well as interactive and intelligent systems
for health, mobility, security, leisure, tourism, access to and preservation of the cultural heritage, and
environment;
(c) electronic and mobile commerce, as well as technologies for secure transactions and infrastructures, new
tools and new methods of work, technologies for learning (such as e-learning) and systems for corporate
knowledge management, for integrated business management and for e-government taking account of user
needs;
(d) large-scale distributed systems and platforms, including global resource information database (GRID) based
systems that provide effective solutions to complex problems in areas such as the environment, energy,
health, transport and industrial design.
Communication and computing infrastructures
Mobile, wireless, optical and broadband communication infrastructures and computing and software
technologies that are reliable, of wide application and can be adapted to meet the growing needs of
applications and services. Work will focus on:
(a) the new generations of wireless and mobile communications systems and networks; satellite
communications systems; all-optical technologies; integration and management of communication
networks, including interoperable network solutions; capacity-enhancing technologies necessary for the
development of systems, infrastructures and services, in particular for audio-visual applications. Work will
also lead to the development of next Internet generation;
29.8.2002 L 232/9 Official Journal of the European Communities EN
(b) software technologies architectures, distributed and embedded systems supporting the development of
multifunctional and complex services that involve multiple actors engineering and control of complex and
large-scale systems to ensure reliability and robustness.
Components and microsystems
Miniaturised and low-cost components based on new materials and integrating extended functionalities, with
the effort focusing on:
(a) the design and production of nano-, micro-, and opto-electronic and photonic components, including
those used for information storage, pushing the limits of miniaturisation and minimising the costs and
power consumption of micro-electronic and micro-system components, and taking account of the
environmental impact of IST systems;
(b) nano-electronics, micro-technologies, displays and micro-systems, and multi-disciplinary research into new
materials and quantum devices; new computing models and concepts.
Information management and interfaces
Research into information management tools and interfaces, with a view to enabling easier interaction
everywhere and at all times with knowledge-based services and applications, addressing:
(a) knowledge representation and management systems based on context and semantics, including cognitive
systems, as well as tools for creating, organising, navigating, retrieving, sharing, preserving and
disseminating digital content;
(b) multi-sensorial interfaces capable of understanding and interpreting the natural expression of human beings
through words, gestures and the various senses, virtual environments, as well as multilinguistic and
multicultural systems indispensable to the establishment of the knowledge-based society on a European
scale.

ANNEX II
MAXIMUM OVERALL AMOUNT, RESPECTIVE SHARES AND INDICATIVE BREAKDOWN
The maximum overall financial amount and the respective indicative shares of the various activities as referred to
in
Article 164 of the Treaty are as follows:
(EUR million)
First activity (1) 13 800
Second activity (2) 600
Third activity (3) 290
Fourth activity (4) 1 580
Maximum overall amount 16 270
(1) Covering the activities carried out under the heading ëFocusing and integrating Community researchí, with the exception of
international cooperation activities; research infrastructures, and the theme ëScience and societyí carried out under the heading
ëStructuring the European Research Areaí and activities carried out under the heading ëStrengthening the foundations of the
European
Research Areaí.
                                                               36
(2) Covering the international cooperation activities carried out under the heading ëFocusing and integrating Community research
í, in
the thematic priority areas and under the heading ëSpecific activities covering a wider field of researchí.
(3) Covering the specific activities on the theme ëResearch and innovationí carried out under the heading ëStructuring the
European Research Areaí in addition to innovation activities carried out under the heading ëFocusing and integrating Community
researchí.
(4) Covering the activities concerning human resources and support for mobility carried out under the heading ëStructuring the
European Research Areaí.
These activities will be carried out under the following headings (the indicative financial breakdown is set out):
(EUR million)
1. Focusing and integrating Community research 13 345
Thematic priorities (1) 11 285
Life sciences, genomics and biotechnology for health (2) 2 255
= Advanced genomics and its applications for health 1 100
= Combating major diseases 1 155
Information society technologies (3) 3 625
Nanotechnologies and nanosciences, knowledge-based
multifunctional materials and new production processes and
devices 1 300
Aeronautics and space 1 075
Food quality and safety 685
Sustainable development, global change and ecosystems 2 120
= Sustainable energy systems 810
= Sustainable surface transport 610
= Global change and ecosystems 700
Citizens and governance in a knowledge-based society 225

L 232/26 29.8.2002 Official Journal of the European Communities EN
Specific activities covering a wider field of research 1 300
Policy support and anticipating scientific and technological needs 555
Horizontal research activities involving SMEs 430
Specific measures in support of international cooperation 315
Non-nuclear activities of the Joint Research Centre 760
2. Structuring the European Research Area 2 605
Research and innovation 290
Human resources 1 580
Research infrastructures (4) 655
Science and society 80
3. Strengthening the foundations of the European Research Area 320
Support for the coordination of activities 270
Support for the coherent development of policies 50
TOTAL 16 270
(1) Of which at least 15 % for SMEs.
(2) Including up to EUR 400 million for cancer-related research.
(3) Including up to EUR 100 million for the further development of GÈant and GRID.
(4) This amount of EUR 315 million will fund specific measures in support of international cooperation involving developing
countries,

Mediterranean countries including the western Balkans, and Russia and the New Independent States (NIS).
Another EUR 285 million is earmarked to finance the participation of third-country organisations in the ëhematic
Prioritiesí and in the Specific activities covering a wider field of researchí, thus bringing the total amount devoted
to international cooperation to EUR 600 million.

Additional resources will be available under section 2.2 ëHuman resources and mobilityí to fund research training
for third-country researchers in Europe.



ANNEX III
INSTRUMENTS AND RULES FOR FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION BY THE COMMUNITY
The Community will contribute financially, under the specific programmes, and subject to the rules for
participation, to research and technological activities, including demonstration activities, of this programme.
These activities, which will incorporate measures to encourage innovation, will be implemented by means of a
range of instruments described below, and referred to as ëIndirect RTD actionsí, to which the Community will
contribute financially. In addition, the Community will undertake activities implemented by the JRC, and which are
referred to as direct actions.

1. INSTRUMENTS

                                                               37
I n t roduc t ion
An instrument implementing an action must be commensurate with the scope and objectives of the research
activity concerned, and will take into account, as appropriate, the views of the research community. Accordingly,
the size of an action may vary in relation to the themes and subjects it covers, depending on the critical mass of
expertise necessary to obtain European added value and achieve the expected results. In some cases, this may be
achieved by the clustering of actions dedicated to different aspects of one and the same objective.
All instruments should involve, as appropriate, universities or institutions of higher education of a similar level,
research organisations and industry, including SMEs. They could entail activities relating to dissemination,
transfer and exploitation of knowledge as well as analysis and evaluation of the economic and social impact of
the technologies concerned and the factors involved in their successful implementation.
As a general rule, selection of actions will be based on open calls for proposals and independent peer review,
except in duly justified cases. All research activities will be reviewed regularly and this will, in particular, involve
monitoring of the level of research excellence. The participation of SMEs including enterprise groupings of SMEs
and smaller entities will be encouraged.

Concerning research in the priority thematic areas (under Heading I as defined in Annex I):
ó the importance of the new instruments (integrated projects and networks of excellence) is recognised as
being an overall priority means to attain the objectives of critical mass, management simplification and
European added value contributed by Community research in relation to what is already undertaken at
national level, and of the integration of the research capacities. However, the size of projects is not a
criterion for exclusion, and access to new instruments is ensured for SMEs and other small entities,
ó the new instruments will be used from the start of this programme in each theme and, where deemed
appropriate, as a priority means, while maintaining the use of specific targeted research projects and
coordination actions,
ó in 2004 an evaluation will be undertaken by independent experts of the effectiveness of each of these three
types of instruments in the execution of this programme.
Research activities in areas involving ëSpecific activities covering a wider field of researchí (under Heading I) will
take the form of specific targeted research projects and specific research projects for SMEs. Networks of
excellence and integrated projects may, however, be used in certain duly justified cases, where the objectives in
question can be better achieved by these means.
Activities referred to under Heading II (Structuring the European Research Area) and Heading III (Strengthening
the foundations of the European Research Area), will take the form of specific targeted research and innovation
projects, integrated infrastructure initiatives and actions to promote human resources and mobility.
In addition, specific support actions, coordination actions and participation of the Community in programmes
undertaken by several Member States pursuant to Article 169 of the Treaty may be applied throughout this
programme.


1.1. Networks of excellence
The purpose of networks of excellence is to strengthen and develop Community scientific and technological
excellence by means of the integration, at European level, of research capacities currently existing or emerging at
both national and regional level. Each network will also aim at advancing knowledge in a particular area by
assembling a critical mass of expertise. They will foster cooperation between capacities of excellence in
universities, research centres, enterprises, including SMEs, and science and technology organisations. The
activities concerned will be generally targeted towards long-term, multidisciplinary objectives, rather than
predefined results in terms of products, processes or services.
A network of excellence will be implemented by a joint programme of activities involving some or, where
appropriate, all of the research capacities and activities of the participants in the relevant area to attain a critical
mass of expertise and European added value. A joint programme of activities could aim at the creation of a
self-standing virtual centre of excellence that may result in developing the necessary means for achieving a
durable integration of the research capacities.
A joint programme of activities will necessarily include those aimed at integration, as well as activities related to
the spreading of excellence and dissemination of results outside the network.
Subject to conditions to be specified in the specific programmes and in the rules for participation the networks
of excellence will have a high level of management autonomy including, where appropriate, the possibility to
adapt the composition of the network and the content of the joint programme of activities.

1.2. Integrated projects
Integrated projects are designed to give increased impetus to the Community's competitiveness or to address
major societal needs by mobilising a critical mass of research and technological development resources and
competences. Each integrated project should be assigned clearly defined scientific and technological objectives
and should be directed at obtaining specific results applicable in terms of, for instance, products, processes or
services. Under these objectives they may include more long-term or ëriskyí research.
Integrated projects should comprise a coherent set of component actions which may vary in size and structure
according to the tasks to be carried out, each dealing with different aspects of the research needed to achieve

                                                           38
common overall objectives, and forming a coherent whole and implemented in close coordination.
The activities carried out as part of an integrated project should include research and, as appropriate,
technological development and/or demonstration activities, activities for the management and use of knowledge
in order to promote innovation, and any other type of activity directly related to the objectives of the integrated
project.

Subject to conditions to be specified in the specific programmes and in the rules for participation, the integrated
projects will have a high level of management autonomy including, where appropriate, the possibility to adapt
the partnership and the content of the project. They will be carried out on the basis of overall financing plans
preferably involving significant mobilisation of public and private sector funding, including funding or
collaboration schemes such as Eureka, EIB and EIF.

1.3. Specific targeted research or innovation projects
Specific targeted research projects will aim at improving European competitiveness. They should be sharply
focussed and will take either of the following two forms, or a combination of the two:
(a) a research and technological development project designed to gain new knowledge either to improve
considerably or to develop new products, processes or services or to meet other needs of society and
Community policies;
(b) a demonstration project designed to prove the viability of new technologies offering potential economic
advantage but which cannot be commercialised directly.
29.8.2002 L 232/29 Official Journal of the European Communities EN
Specific targeted innovation projects are designed to test, validate and disseminate new innovation concepts and
methods at the European level.

1.4. Specific research projects for SMEs
Specific research projects for SMEs may take either of the following forms:
(a) cooperative research projects undertaken for the benefit of a number of SMEs on themes of common
interest;
(b) collective research projects carried out for industrial associations or industry groupings in entire sectors of
industry where SMEs are prominent.

1.5. Actions to promote and develop human resources and mobility
Actions to promote and develop human resources and mobility will be targeted at training, development of
expertise or transfer of knowledge. They will involve support to actions carried out by natural persons, host
structures, including training networks, and also by European research teams.

1.6. Coordination actions
Coordination actions are intended to promote and support the coordinated initiatives of a range of research and
innovation operators aiming at improved integration. They will cover activities such as the organisation of
conferences, meetings, the performance of studies, exchanges of personnel, the exchange and dissemination of
good practices, setting up information systems and expert groups, and may, if necessary, include support for the
definition, organisation and management of joint or common initiatives.

1.7. Specific support actions
Specific support actions will complement the implementation of this programme and may be used to help in
preparations for future Community research and technological development policy activities including
monitoring and assessment activities. In particular, they will involve conferences, seminars, studies and analyses,
high level scientific awards and competitions, working groups and expert groups, operational support and
dissemination, information and communication activities, or a combination of these, as appropriate in each case.
They may also include actions in support of research infrastructure relating to, for instance, transnational access
or preparatory technical work (including feasibility studies) and the development of new infrastructure.
Specific support actions will also be implemented to stimulate, encourage and facilitate the participation of SMEs,
small research teams, newly developed and remote research centres, as well as those organisations from the
candidate countries in the activities of the priority thematic areas, in particular via the networks of excellence and
the integrated projects. The implementation of these actions will rely on the specific information and assistance
structures, including the network of national contact points, established by the Member States and the associated
countries at local, regional and national level and will aim at ensuring a smooth transition from the fifth to the
sixth framework programme.

1.8. Integrated infrastructure initiatives
Integrated infrastructure initiatives should combine in a single action several activities essential to reinforce and
develop research infrastructures, in order to provide services at the European level. To this end, they should
combine networking activities with a support activity (such as relating to transnational access) or research
activities needed to improve infrastructure performance, excluding, however, the financing of investment for new
infrastructures, which can only be financed as specific support actions. They will include a component of

                                                          39
dissemination of knowledge to potential users, including industry and in particular to SMEs.

1.9. Participation of the Community in programmes undertaken by several Member States (Article 169)
Pursuant to Article 169 of the Treaty, this instrument will cover clearly identified programmes implemented by
governments, national or regional authorities or research organisations and may be used in all the activities of
this programme (1). The joint implementation of these programmes will entail recourse to a specific
implementation structure. This may be achieved by means of harmonised work programmes and common, joint
or coordinated calls for proposals.

2. DETAILED RULES FOR FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION BY THE COMMUNITY (2)
The Community will implement the financial instruments in compliance with the Community framework for
state aid to research and development, as well as international rules in this area, and in particular the WTO
Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures. In compliance with this international framework, it will
need to be possible to adjust the scale and form of financial participation under this programme on a case by
case basis, in particular if funding from other public sector sources is available, including other sources of
Community financing such as the EIB and EIF.

In the case of participation of bodies from regions lagging in development, when a project receives the
maximum intensity of co-financing authorised under this Programme or an overall grant, an additional
contribution from the Structural Funds, pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 1260/1999 of 21 June 1999
laying down general provisions on the Structural Funds (3), could be granted.

In the case of participation of entities from the candidate countries, an additional contribution from the
pre-accession financial instruments could be granted under similar conditions.

In the case of participation of organisations from Mediterranean or developing countries, a
contribution of the MEDA programme and of the financial instruments of the Community's aid to
development could be envisaged.
Financial participation by the Community will be granted in compliance with the principle of co-
financing, with the exception of financing for studies, conferences and public tenders.

Financial participation by the Community will, except in duly justified cases, be decided following open calls for
proposals or invitation to tender procedures. Selection of projects will be based on independent peer review.
The Commission will carry out the research activities in such a way as to ensure the protection of the
Community's financial interests by means of effective controls and, if irregularities are detected, by means of
dissuasive and proportionate penalties.

In the decisions adopting the specific programmes implementing this programme, there can be no derogations
from the rules set out in the table below.
(1) It is recalled that national programmes to be carried out jointly pursuant to Article 169 of the Treaty are subject to decision by
the
European Parliament and the Council under the procedure provided for in Article 251 of the Treaty.
(2) It is recalled that, pursuant to Article 167 of the Treaty, the rules for the participation of undertakings, research centres and
universities and for the dissemination of research results for the implementation of the framework programme are to be adopted
by the European Parliament and the Council subject to the procedure provided for in Article 251 of the Treaty. These rules will
cover, inter alia, minimum number of participants, the participation of bodies from candidate and third countries, criteria for
evaluation and selection of RTD actions, management of RTD actions, liability issues and intellectual property rights.
.



RTD activities and Community financial contribution according to type of instrument
Type of instrument RTD activities Community contribution (*) (1)
Networks of excellence
ó Priority thematic areas
ó Policy support and anticipating scientific and technological needs
Grant for integration: maximum of 25 % of the value of the capacity and resources proposed for
integration by participants as a fixed amount to support the joint programme of activities (2)

Integrated projects
 ó Priority thematic areas
ó Policy support and anticipating scientific and technological needs
Grant to the budget of a maximum of:
ó 50 % for research
ó 35 % for demonstration
ó 100 % for certain otheractivities such as training of researchers and consortium management (3)


                                                                 40
 (4)Specific targeted research or innovation projects
ó Priority thematic areas
ó Policy support and anticipating scientific and technological needs
ó Specific international cooperation activities
ó Promoting interaction between research and innovation
ó Developing harmonious relations between science and society
Grant to the budget of a maximum of 50 % of the budget (3) (4)

Participation in programmes undertaken by several Member States (Article 169)
ó All activities of the sixth framework programme To be defined in subsequent decisions taken on the basis of
Article 169

Specific research projects for SMEs ó Specific research activities for SMEs
Grant to the budget of a maximum of 50 % of the budget (3) (4)

Actions to promote and develop human resources and mobility
ó Promotion of human resources and mobility
Grant to the budget of a maximum of 100 % of the budget (3), if necessary as a lump sum

Coordination actions
ó In all the activities of the sixth framework programme Grant to the budget of a maximum
of 100 % of the budget (3)

Specific support actions ó In all the activities of the sixth framework programme
Grant to the budget of a maximum of 100 % of the budget (3) (6), if necessary as a lump sum
L 232/32 29.8.2002 Official Journal of the European Communities EN

Integrated infrastructure initiatives
 ó Support for research infrastructures
Grant to the budget: depending on the type of activity, of a maximum of 50 % to 100 % of the
budget (3) (4) (5)

Direct actions ó Non-nuclear activities of the Joint Research Centre
100 % (7)

(*) In this column budget means a financial plan estimating all the resources and expenditure needed to carry out the action.
(1) As a general principle, the Community financial contribution cannot cover 100 % of the expenditure of an indirect action
with the exception of proposals covering a purchase price governed by the terms applicable to public procurement
procedures or taking the form of a pre-defined lump sum pre-set by the Commission.
However, the Community financial contribution may bear up to 100 % of the expenditure of an indirect action if they
complement those otherwise borne by the participants. Also, in the specific case of coordination actions, it covers up to
100 % of the budget necessary for the coordination of activities funded by the participants themselves.
(2) This rate varies for different areas.
(3) Subject to specific conditions specific legal entities, particularly public bodies, will receive funding of up to 100 % of their
marginal/additional cost.
(4) The rates of assistance may be differentiated in accordance with the rules of the Community framework for State aid for
research and development depending on whether activities relate to research (maximum 50 %) or demonstration (maximum
35 %) or to other activities implemented, such as training of researchers (maximum 100 %) or the management of the
consortium (maximum 100 %).
(5) The activities of an integrated initiative relating to infrastructure must include one networking activity (coordination action:
maximum 100 % of the budget) and at least one of the following activities: research activities (maximum 50 % of the
budget) or specific service activities (specific support action, for example, transnational access to research infrastructures:
maximum 100 % of the budget).
(6) For actions in support of research infrastructure relating to preparatory technical work (including feasibility studies) and the
development of new infrastructure, sixth framework programme participation is restricted to maximum of 50 % and 10 %
of the budget respectively.
(7) In addition, the JRC will be entitled to participate in indirect actions on the same basis as entities established in Member
States.
29.8.2002 L 232/33 Official Journal of the European Communities EN




                                                                  41
DELICE - Delivering e-Europe through Local Information, Cultural and
Educational services

This Expression of Interest is submitted on behalf of the Consortia for the PULMAN and
PULMAN-XT Thematic Networks, funded under FP 5

Objectives
    Establish and participate in a broad-based Network of Excellence under FP6
      reaching across the Cultural Heritage Sector

      Develop the work of PULMAN in the areas of policy, standardisation, networking,
       awareness raising and information exchange) into a fully-fledged ‗local services‘
       strand within this broad-based network.

      Strengthen partnerships between the cultural heritage sector and industry e.g.
       software and telecom companies to develop networks more suited to the needs
       of the average citizen in connection with education, local culture, business
       opportunities – the creation of a "literate" information society.

      Provide a stronger Europe-wide support for institutions and services with less
       developed IST strategies (in particular the local archives sector), including
       advisory and information services, guidelines, support for the development of
       research and exploitation strategies, analyses and roadmaps across cultural
       sectors and related economic sectors e.g. cultural tourism.

      Strengthen this role by creating an environment for the effective development
       delivery of real services (web-based and ‗in situ‘) in the context of a Europe-wide
       and international market.

      Capitalise upon and strengthen the work done by PULMAN-XT in enlarging the
       European Research Area to neighbouring countries, extending benefits and co-
       operation to strategically important partner countries elsewhere in the world,
       also creating a vehicle for collaboration and joint funding of research with
       agencies such as NSF, Mellon, Bertelsmann and OSI

      Develop a model to assure standards 'compliance' and the quality of web
       services for the cultural sector.

      Mobilise and add value to the contribution of national programmes already
       funded at national level e.g. the Peoples‘ Network in the UK.

      Initiate and support a wide range of targeted trial measures actively involving local
       service providers across Europe in take-up and testing of IST technologies, helping them
       to develop implementation and business plans.

      Identify, train and motivate and involve the cultural heritage research community
       across Europe

      Ensure effective promotion and showcasing of results within and outside Europe.

NEED AND RELEVANCE
                                              42
Europe‘s public libraries currently stand at a crossroads of opportunity brought about by
a confluence of social and economic challenges (expressed within the e-Europe
agenda on the one hand) and the potential offered by developments in Information
Society Technologies (IST) which are increasingly becoming available to implement
new services, on the other.

The 122 million registered users of public libraries in 29 countries of Europe attest to the
importance and impact of public libraries in society. However, to realise their full
potential in the digital era, public libraries must be prepared to offer new and innovative
digital services that empower citizens to successfully achieve their personal goals and
contribute to a cohesive society and a successful knowledge-based economy in Europe

In response, public libraries are changing fast: but they will need to change even faster
during the coming decade by re-engineering their services and institutional character in
response to a variety of phenomena including: access to information via the Internet; an
ever-expanding quantity of cultural media forms and content; and a decline in demand
for some traditional services.

It is essential that such developments are seen in the context of the broad range of
cultural, education and information services provided at local level. The context for
partnership between public libraries and other local cultural institutions is rapidly
becoming clearer. There are important gains to be made by actions which:

      help unlock, disclose and make accessible local digital content, including that
       currently held by archives and museums;
      develop friendly on-line services which meet user needs and which are accessible
       to all;
      support a sense of localisation and personal engagement in an increasingly
       globalised world;
      develop interoperability across a wider range of domains and provide seamless
       searching and retrieval of cross-domain content.
      enhance citizens‘ ability to link up the satisfaction of their present needs and
       interests with an awareness of their historical context, whether in an
       environment of education, e-government, recreational, domestic life or work.

Public libraries and their partner organisations are well-placed to play an important role
in their development and provision, addressing the challenges of the digital divide by
improving the delivery of services, tackling educational disadvantage and helping deal
with demographic changes.

Public libraries are a key centre for informal learning and one of the most frequented
institutions for de-institutionalised learning, offering content, training and support to
every citizen as an integrated delivery point. They have an important role to play in
equipping people with skills in line with European Employment Strategy and the
eLearning Action Plan. By co-operating effectively with museums and archives and a
wide range of other local and national partners they can promote social and cultural
inclusion e.g. through access to local, ethnic and linguistic cultural heritage and to family
history.


                                             43
Although some EU countries are developing forward-looking cross-domain agendas and
strategies for culture and education, there remain substantial disparities in terms of:
administrative responsibility, policy formation, professional awareness and acceptance -
and in the development of service applications. Public libraries in countries where
economies are still in transition (e.g. the candidate countries of Central and Eastern
Europe and Europe‘s other neighbours) often face these problems with relatively few
resources.

There remain many excluded adults and children who have neither access nor skills to
make use of the Internet or online services. Digital exclusion is experienced increasingly
as a real barrier for people's lives. The digital divide will not disappear on its own. A
market-led expansion of the Information Society alone will not be enough to attract all
citizens. Work on the e-Europe Action Plan has identified public libraries as the most
used existing form of Public Internet Access Points PIAP. eInclusion is an essential
dimension of the eEurope+ Action Plan, the Information Society roadmap launched by
the candidate countries in June 2001

The e-Europe Action Plan 2005 will aim to achieve the widespread availability and use of
broadband networks and of more interactive services throughout the EU. It is expected
to focus on issues such as network and information security, e-Government, e-Learning,
e-Health, e-Business and e-Content. Advanced mobile communications such as 3G and
digital TV are likely to play an increasing role in the delivery of access to information,
content and services. Public libraries, by giving access to their services through new
channels, can help to ensure this.

Archives
Archives are fundamental to democracy, cultural diversity and good governance, Better
access to digital archival content is fundamental to a common European heritage,
through the exploitation of Europe‘s cultural patrimony.

But archives remain the ‗poor relations‘ of the cultural heritage sector, although this
position is gradually beginning to change through initiatives such as DLM and Open
Archives Forum. Under FP 5, some key ‗networking‘ initiatives in the cultural heritage
sector involved the archives sector e.g. CULTIVATE and PULMAN, although archives
were in the main the smallest player among the participating sectors.

In order for archives to be able to participate on equal terms in FP6, further network
building, awareness raising, problem analysis and consensus building around a strategic
IST agenda. This applies particularly to the very large number and wide range of
archives and record offices, public, private, general and specialised (film, sound etc)
operating at regional and local level.


EXCELLENCE

PULMAN is in itself a wide Network of Excellence covering 26 member and through
PULMAN-XT 9 neighbouring countries e.g. Russia. Its participants come not only from
public libraries but also from the museums and archives domains and from a wide range
of practitioner, policy maker and research organisations. It has already had a strong
impact on the promotion of excellence in this area throughout Europe.
                                            44
A significant output has been produced in the form of Guidelines to assist policy makers
and practitioners in developing policies and strategies for an e-Europe and in meeting
national economic and social policy goals. These Guidelines identify a host of examples
of good practice and highlight the scope for further Take-Up and innovation under FP6.
The work of PULMAN will culminate with a Policy Conference in Oeiras, Portugal during
March 2003.

By joining together with existing networks of excellence and research centres under one
umbrella, it will be possible for DELICE and its partners to make substantial inroads into
the need for effective critical mass in the Cultural Heritage sector. DELICE envisages –
and is seeking – partnership and integration with key organisations within the following
networks and organizations under FP6, such as:

      The Minerva action under FP 5 led Amitie (Italy) and actively involving Resource
       (UK) and a number of other Ministries of Culture.
      TRIS: the Trials action, led by F2, under FP5 which has had a strong impact in
       supporting and showcasing a pilot range of Take-Up Actions and in supporting
       dissemination and economic results.
      The CURE initiative to develop cultural service-provision, led by CSC Austria, and
       providing a link with bottom-up sectoral development through the Eureka
       programme.
      CULTIVATE and its extensions to CEE and Russia (in which both Resource and
       MDR are participants, together with other innovative players in cross-sectoral
       work such as RBT (Norway), DEN (Netherlands).
      EVA led by Vasari (UK) a key model provider in the dissemination of results
       under FP6.
      The DLM-Forum: a multidisciplinary forum dealing with problems of
       management, storage, conservation and retrieval of machine-readable data.
      The OSI Archives Programme, operating in Central and Eastern Europe and the
       NIS, which actively supports joint working with the EU in this area.
      A range of European Level bodies, associations and projects with
       important and relevant networks, including Eblida (a partner in PULMAN) and:

           -   ECPA (The European Commission on Preservation and Access)
               established in 1994 to promote activities aimed at keeping collections in
               European archives and libraries accessible over time
           -   EFAH (European Forum for the Arts and Heritage) a forum for policy
               monitoring and discussion which aims to maintain continuous dialogue
               between the cultural sector in Europe and policymakers.
           -   EMII a consortium established to generate use, knowledge and
               inspiration from Europe's cultural heritage information.
           -   ERPANET (Electronic Resource Preservation and Access NETwork) an
               expandable European Consortium, in the area of digital preservation of
               cultural heritage and scientific objects involving museums, libraries and
               archives, ICT and software industry, research institutions, government
               organisations (including local ones), entertainment and creative
               industries, and commercial sectors.



                                            45
            -   NAPLE (National Authorities for Public Libraries in Europe) currently an
                informal network of such authorities with potential for greater impact in
                developing and delivering strategies.
            -   NEMO (Network of European Museum Organisations) an independent
                network providing representation and information for the museum
                community of Europe.
            -   Open Archive Forum which provides a Europe-based focus for
                dissemination of information about European activity related to open
                archives and, in particular, to the Open Archives Initiative.

INTEGRATION AND STRUCTURING EFFECT

The impact of the development proposed, within which DELICE will be the key local services
strand will be to bring about a number of cross-sectoral structuring and integrative benefits
including improvements in the sector‘s capacity and capability to:

       develop convergence and cross-fertilisation between sectors (and between
        applications and digital contents);
       extend knowledge of the cultural heritage and improve its integration into life
        experience, research and learning processes;
       liaise with National research bodies in order to exchange results and to
        encourage complementarity;
       extend co-operation and benefits to candidate countries and other parts of the
        world, as part of the enlargement of the European Research Area;
       extend co-operation with those working in closely-related domains, such as e-
        government ;
       develop the capacity of the sectors to contribute to local economic development.

The outputs of the Network of which DELICE forms a strand will improve greatly:

       disclosure and value-added repurposing of locked up content (e.g. in archives);
       seamless search and retrieval for users;
       access through new channels of access;
       wider interoperability providing better opportunities for the application of
        'semantic web' applications and the eventual emergence of an ‗ambient
        environment‘ within the Information Society.




                                                46
                    EUROPEAN COMMISSION




                Information Society Technologies


                        A thematic priority
   for Research and Development under the Specific Programme
“Integrating and strengthening the European Research Area” in the
             community sixth framework programme




              2003-2004 Workprogramme
                     Draft version of 16-09-2002




IST priority; WP 2003-2004           47                draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Table of Content




1     Introduction ....................................................................................... 49
2     Objectives, Structure and overall approach ....................................... 50
    2.1     IST in FP6: the overall vision ....................................................... 50

    2.2     IST in FP6: Coverage and main targets ....................................... 51

    2.3     Workprogramme 2003-2004: Focus on a limited set ..................... 52

    2.4     Focus on the fields that need to be addressed at a European level 53

    2.5     An integrated approach ............................................................... 53

    2.6     Budget and planning for the four years ........................................ 54

    2.7     Instruments ............................................................................... 55

3     Detailed description of the WP Content ............................................. 56
    3.1     Detailed description of the Strategic objectives ............................. 56

    3.2     Future and Emerging Technologies .............................................. 78

    3.3     Research Networking .................................................................. 83

4     Implementation plan ......................................................................... 84
    4.1     Calls in 2003 an 2004 ................................................................. 84

5     Selection criteria ................................................................................ 87
6     Glossary ............................................................................................. 88




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                                 48                                 draft v160902 - 16/09/02
               IST Workprogramme for 2003 and 2004


Introduction

This Workprogramme covers the activities of the IST thematic priority in the
Specific Programme ―Integrating and Focussing the European Research Area‖
for two years, 2003 and 2004. It defines the priorities for the calls for
proposals in these two years, the implementation plan and the criteria that
will be used for evaluating proposals responding to these calls.
The priorities reflect the input received from the Programme Committee and
the IST Advisory Group1 (ISTAG), the response to the Expressions of Interest
and from the preparatory activities launched in 2001 and 2002 including
workshops and roadmapping exercises. This has led to a strong focus of
the Work programme on a limited set of strategic objectives that
need to be addressed at a European level.
The Workprogramme will be updated every year.




1
  The ISTAG report on the recommendations for the Workprogrammes in FP6, the
reports on the analysis of Expressions of Interest as well as other reports on the
preparation workshops and Commission internal Groups are available on the IST
Web page www.cordis.lu/ist.


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 49                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Objectives, Structure and overall approach

IST in FP6: the overall vision

The IST thematic priority will contribute directly to realising European policies
for the knowledge society as agreed at the Lisbon Council of 2000, the
Stockholm Council of 2001, the Seville Council of 2002, and reflected in the e-
Europe Action Plan.
The strategy adopted in Lisbon 2000 is for an accelerated transition to a
competitive and dynamic knowledge economy capable of sustainable growth,
with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion. This requires a wider
adoption, a broader availability and an extension of IST applications and
services in all economic and public sectors and in the society as a whole. IST
are the key underlying technologies for easier and efficient knowledge
creation, sharing and exploitation.


The objectives of IST in FP6 are therefore to ensure European leadership in
the generic and applied technologies at the heart of the knowledge economy.
It aims to increase innovation and competitiveness in European businesses
and industry and to contribute to greater benefits for all European citizens.
The focus of IST in FP6 is on the future generation of technologies in which
computers and networks will be integrated into the everyday environment,
rendering accessible a multitude of services and applications through easy-to-
use human interfaces. This vision of "ambient intelligence"2 places the user,
the individual, at the centre of future developments for an inclusive
knowledge-based society for all.
This research effort will therefore reinforce and complement the
eEurope 20053 objectives and look beyond them to the 2010 goals of the
Union of bringing IST applications and services to everyone, every home,
every school and to all businesses.

eEurope2005 aims at a wider deployment of IST including to modernise
further the public services including egovernment, ehealth and elearning and
to create a dynamic business environment. It also aims at ensuring a higher
security of the information infrastructure and a wider availability of broadband
access.
eEurope will therefore contribute to the adoption of the research results as
they emerge. It will also provide feedback about their acceptance and the
problems related to their use. This close articulation between the research
and policy initiatives is a key component of the Union strategy to achieve the
Lisbon goals.

2
    ISTAG report: Ambient Intelligence scenarios for 2010, www.cordis.lu/ist
3
    eEurope 2005 at: http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/index_en.htm




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                     50                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
The Community support for IST in FP6 will help mobilise the industrial and
research community around high-risk long term goals. It should facilitate the
aggregation of public and private research effort on a European scale and
enable the development of a European Research Area (ERA) in IST.

IST in FP6: Coverage and main targets
Realising the vision requires a massive and integrated research effort that
addresses the major societal and economic challenges and ensures the co-
evolution of technologies and their applications.
The FP6 instruments, such as Integrated Projects, will enable the integration
of various research activities from knowledge generation and technology
development to their application and transfer. They provide an opportunity to
combine, as appropriate, the applied and the generic technology research.
This will help pull the technology developments with applications and services
addressing the socio-economic challenges and will help focus the applied
research on the development of the relevant innovative technology platforms.
The main societal and economic challenges to be addressed are :
-   solving ―trust and confidence‖ problems so as to improve dependability of
    technologies, infrastructures and applications. These should ensure
    security, privacy and protect property and individual rights. Improving
    trust in the knowledge society is a key requirement for its development.

-   Strengthening social cohesion by providing efficient, intelligent and easy to
    use systems for health, transport, inclusion, risk management,
    environment, learning and cultural heritage.
-   Enabling sustainable growth and improving competitiveness both of large
    and small businesses as well as the efficiency and transparency of
    governments. This includes the development of mobile eCommerce and
    business and ework processes and will provide for more and better jobs.
-   Supporting complex problem solving in science, society, industry and
    businesses. The aim is to harness the computing and knowledge
    management resources across Europe and bring them to the desktop of
    any researcher, engineer or other end user.
This requires progress in three main technology building blocks:
-   Pushing the limits of miniaturisation and minimising the costs and power
    consumption of microelectronic components and micro-systems. This
    includes breaking new barriers with current CMOS technology below the
    10 nano-meter. It also includes the exploration of alternative materials
    allowing further miniaturisation or organic flexible materials for displays,
    sensors and actuators so that they can be placed anywhere, even in the
    human body, and take any shape.
-   Developing mobile, wireless, optical and broadband communication
    infrastructures as well as software and computing technologies that are
    reliable, pervasive, interoperable and can be adapted to accommodate
    new applications and services. Europe‘s strengths both in communication
    technologies and in embedded software and systems provide a clear

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 51                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
    opportunity to lead and contribute to the development of the next
    generation of products and services.
-   Developing user friendly interfaces which are intuitive, can interpret all our
    senses such as speech, vision and touch and that understand our gestures
    and various languages. This should be coupled with more powerful and
    flexible knowledge technologies that are semantic-based and context-
    aware. They should prepare for the next generation Web and make access
    to, and creation of digital content more effective and more creative.


        IST today                             The IST in FP6 vision
        PC based ………………………………. “Our surrounding” is the interface
        “Writing and reading”…………….…. …Use all senses, intuitive
        “Word” based information search……….Context-based knowledge handling
        Low bandwidth, separate networks…. ….Infinite bandwidth, convergence, ..
        Mobile telephony (voice)………….. ……Mobile/Wireless full multimedia
        Micro scale………………………………Nano-scale
        Silicon based……………………………..+ new materials
        e-Services just emerging……………….. Wide adoption (eHealth, Learning,..)
        < 10% of world population on-line….. …World-wide adoption




Workprogramme 2003-2004: Focus on a limited set of Strategic
  Objectives

In order to ensure concentration of effort and critical mass, the
Workprogramme for 2003-2004 is focussed on a limited set of Strategic
Objectives that are essential to realise the IST in FP6 goals. They have been
defined so as to mobilise researchers Europe-wide and bring together the
effort necessary to address the relevant challenges.
The Strategic objectives have been selected following an intensive
consultation process that included SWOT4 analyses exploring Europe‘s
options at the economic, social and technology levels. They cover technology
components, integrated systems and pull-through applications that have been
carefully identified so as:
-   to reinforce European strengths in areas where it has established
    industrial and technology leadership: This is the case for example in
    mobile and wireless communications, in microelectronics and
    microsystems, in embedded systems, in applied IST for health, transport
    and business support tools.
-   to overcome weaknesses in areas which are critical for European
    competitiveness and for addressing societal challenges: This is the case
    for the area of generic software and computing systems and in content
4
  Europe’s SWOT analysis in IST are part of the reports of ISTAG, Expressions of
Interest and other workshops. They are all present on www.cordis.lu/ist

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                       52                                draft v160902 - 16/09/02
    development tools. The development of ambient intelligence provides an
    opportunity for Europe to reposition itself for the next generation of
    generic products and services building on a large user industry and service
    providers .
-   to exploit new opportunities and respond to emerging needs: Examples
    include advanced interaction techniques, new sensors and Microsystems,
    context-aware knowledge handling and Grid based systems to solve
    complex problems in environment, health or engineering .
-   to ensure the co-evolution of technology and applications so as
    technology advances are exploitable in innovative products and services.
    The IST priority seeks to promote integrated approaches to address the
    overall programme vision. This is reflected in the definition and selection
    of the set of objectives as explained in the following paragraph
Focus on the fields that need to be addressed at a European level:
realising the objectives of ERA in IST
Experience has shown that the development of common visions and
consensus building is a key element of European successes in IST. This will
require different types of sustained efforts and timescales according to the
field. Links and articulation of Community contribution with member states
activities and EUREKA, including in particular the funding of complementary
research, will be therefore sought in all activities.
For each of the objectives, the Community support will focus only on the
work that is essential to be done at European level and that requires a
collaborative effort involving the research actors across the Union and
associated states. The Community effort will be therefore considered
systematically as part of a wider European approach to address these
objectives.
The detailed description of the objectives in the next chapter is organised in a
way that highlights this approach. It clearly identifies for each objective, the
specific focus of the research that will be supported with Community funding
and the coordination mechanisms that need to be established with member
states and other private efforts in Europe.
It also provides indications on how the instruments will be used to attain the
objectives including higher integration and structuring of European research.
The aim is to ensure the incremental build up of Europe-wide approaches for
research in the key IST fields and help establish an IST European Research
Area.

An integrated approach associating generic and applied technology
   development

The objectives address technology components, the integration into systems
and platforms as well as the development of innovative applications and
services. They are therefore interlinked and should not be seen as separate
isolated activities. A proposal addressing a specific objective, would cover all
the research that is necessary to achieve its goals. This could span across the
value chain from technology components to applications and services.

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 53                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
A key component of this integrated approach is the need to bring together
different types of constituencies from the IST user and supply industry, from
academic research labs and from large and small companies. IST in FP6 will
therefore help establish solid frameworks for collaboration both within and
across industrial and technology sectors.
Socio-economic dimensions including the impact of research and technology
on the development of the information and knowledge-based society should
be addressed as an integral part of each project.
In addition to the above, IST in FP6 supports research to investigate and
experiment with future visions and emerging technologies (FET) at the
frontier of knowledge in the IST field. This will help new IST-related science
and technology fields and communities to emerge, some of which will
become strategic for economic and social development in the future and will
feed into the mainstream IST activities in the future.

The participation of SMEs in IST in FP6

The participation of SMEs in the IST research activities is essential given their
role in promoting innovation in this field. SMEs play a vital role in the
development of new visions in IST and transforming them into business
assets. This is illustrated by the level of participation of SMEs in the IST
programme in FP5 with more than 70 % of contracts involving at least one
SME, about 25% of total funding is taken by SMEs and about 27% of all
participating contractors are SMEs.
The IST priority on FP6 will aim at keeping a similar level of participation of
SMEs. This can only be achieved by ensuring a significant participation of
SMEs in the new instruments and in particular in Integrated Projects. Projects
in IST should therefore seek to build partnerships including SMEs and other
organisations. This might require specific actions within the projects to
ensure appropriate SMEs involvements.

Budget and planning for the four years

The estimated distribution of the budget commitments over the four years, as
well as the deadlines for the calls are given in the table below. The present
Workprogramme describes the content of the calls drawing on 2003 and 2004
budgets which will be around 1.725 Billion Euro.



 Year                   2003          2004             2005             2006
 Indicative            835,000       891,000          935,000          964,000
 Budget
 Calls per             2 calls,       One call,     Not Specified    Not Specified
 year               covering 2003    drawing on
                      and 2004      2005 budget
                       budgets



IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 54                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Two calls for proposals are foreseen to cover the 2003-2004 budget. Each of
the calls will target a subset of the strategic objectives. In addition, one call
with fixed deadline is foreseen for mid 2004 and will draw on the 2005
budget. The details of this call will be provided in the yearly update of the
WP.
The detailed content of the calls for 2005 and 2006 will be defined in a way
that ensures also concentration and focus. It should enable the coverage of
the Specific programme whilst taking into account the evolution of needs,
markets and technologies.
Instruments
The new instruments, Integrated Projects and Networks of Excellence, will be
used as a priority means to realise the FP6 objectives when deemed
appropriate. The IST thematic priority will also use the other instruments
including Specific Targeted Research Projects, Coordination actions and
Support measures.
The use of the new instruments will help integrate and structure research
activities, bringing together European and national actions in the context of
creating the European Research Area. It will also help ensure, in IST, the co-
evolution of technologies and their integration in application contexts. The
flexibility and adaptability is also an important feature of the instruments.
It is expected that for each strategic objective, a limited number of
Integrated Projects and Networks of Excellence are supported (on average
two to three). Several Specific Targeted research projects and other actions
are also foreseen in most objectives.
The budget of an integrated project can vary from several MEuro to several
tens of millions. The budget of a Network of Excellence can go up to several
MEuro per year.
The calls for proposals in the first two years will be open to all instruments
but it is expected that 70 % of the budget will be devoted to
Integrated Projects and Networks of Excellence.
The detailed definition and objectives of the FP6 instruments are provided in
annex.




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 55                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Detailed description of the WP Content

The detailed descriptions of the strategic objectives is provided in the next
paragraphs. The order of the presentation of these objectives follows the
integration track from components to systems and applications.
Detailed description of the Strategic objectives
Objectives covered in the first call : (drawing on 2003 budget)
The table below shows the objectives that will be covered in the first call that
will draw mainly on the 2003 budget. The second call will draw on the 2004
budget.

Strategic objectives addressed in Call 1

    Pushing the limits of CMOS, preparing for post-CMOS           Technology
    Micro and nano-systems                                        components


    Broadband Access for All
    Mobile and wireless systems beyond 3G
    Towards a global dependability and security framework
                                                                   Integrated
    Multimodal interfaces                                         systems
    Semantic-based knowledge systems
    Networked audiovisual systems and home platforms
    Networked organisations, businesses and governments
                                                                   Sectorial
    eSafety of road and air transports                            applications
    e Health
    Technology-enhanced learning and access to cultural
    heritage




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                   56                     draft v160902 - 16/09/02
    Pushing the limits of CMOS and preparing for post-CMOS
Objective: To develop, ahead of the ITRS international roadmap,
semiconductor devices shrunk by an order of magnitude down to the 5 nm
size, and alternative devices for the post-CMOS era. Research will also aim at
enabling the design in-time and at cost, of reliable 1 billion gate systems-on-
chip or systems-in-package, improving productivity by a factor of 10 by 2010.
This will help prepare for the electronic components of 2010 and beyond.
For technologies, the focus is on
-    integration of advanced and non-CMOS devices into the basic silicon
     technologies and new on-chip wiring and related packaging technologies
     to minimise signal propagation delays at nanoscale;
- driving the performance of silicon-based and of compound semiconductor
     devices to facilitate ultra high frequency and high power applications and
     to accelerate integration of micro and opto-electronics;
- pushing the limits of lithography including mask-less pattern transfer
     technologies, and mask making technologies ;
- acquisition of knowledge and control of emerging nanoelectronics
     technologies, with potential of high device performance and low cost of
     mass production for future applications, and provision of better
     environmental, safety and health conditions;
It is expected that work on the above topics would crystallise around
Integrated Projects on e;g. ―nano-CMOS‖ or ―lithography‖. these may include
equipment assessment actions. Networks of Excellence should help structure
research in ―new devices‖ and ―advanced lithography‖. It might be necessary
to complement major investments by industry in advanced research
infrastructure, to achieve the ambitious research goals above.
For design methods and tools, the focus is on:
-   providing novel approaches to design better and faster at system level.
    The major challenges are to maintain or improve system performance and
    reliability, to specify and verify at system level, to stimulate IP reuse, to
    optimise power consumption, and to enhance flexibility and
    reconfigurability;
-   devising methods to improve the use of large systems by including
    redundancy or to improve the testability, in particular with self-test
    circuits;
-   addressing specific challenges in design with new methods and tools.
    These include mixed-signal design, low power design, RF circuits and
    packaging;
-   supporting the industry in the change from board electronics to system-
    on-chip and complementing the design activities with education and
    training in modern design practice. Developing, demonstrating or
    standardising architectures and methods improving the design productivity
    is also needed.


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 57                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
It is expected that work on the above topics would crystallise around
Integrated Projects on e.g. ―system-level SoC design‖ or ―reconfigurable
systems‖. The IPs are expected to include complementary user involvement.
Networks of excellence should help structure the European research effort in
―SoC design standardisation and training‖.
For both, technologies and design tools, topics complementing this overall
strategy could come forward through the other instruments but should strictly
be focused on promising alternative approaches.
Work should, where appropriate, enhance and complement work
implemented under EUREKA/MEDEA and in initiatives at Member State level.
It should also fit with the major industrial investments in the field. Activities
should be seen in the light of contributing to the intellectual property portfolio
and to the knowledge that will enable Europe to compete internationally.
    Micro and nano systems
Objective: To improve the cost-efficiency, performance and functionality of
micro and nano-systems and to increase the level of integration and
miniaturisation allowing for improved interfacing with their surrounding and
with networked services and systems. This should foster their integration into
a wide range of intelligent products and applications.
Focus is on :
-   the technology, design and industrialisation of sensors, actuators, other
    devices, MST components, microsystems and the integration technology
    so as :
        i) to integrate sensing, actuating, computing, processing and power
        optimisation in a wide range of materials (such as plastic, textile, paper,
        wood and concrete) for a wide set of applications in particular for flexible
        and/or portable applications.
         ii) to allow systems to miniaturise to very small form factors (small
        sizes, low weight, less connections and low power consumption) opening
        a wide set of new applications.
        iii) to improve and to intensify the interaction between man, machine,
        ambient, and device, integrating very different ‗properties‘, sciences,
        environments and technologies.
        iv) to add functions and intelligence to a wide range of applications and
        their interfaces, including multi-sensory concepts.
        v) to improve the performance and lower the cost of systems /
        products.
-   vi) to increase the density and performance of system level packaging and
    interconnect of micro-electronic, optical, opto-electronic and photonic
    components, subsystems and microsystems. The demonstrations and
    validation of the concepts should be in different application fields and
    prove their industrialisation potential.


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                    58                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
vii) to explore the application potential of micro-nano technology and the
    integration of nano dimensions in macro and micro systems; to research
    the interconnect and integration technologies required to establish the
    nano to macro interface and to have ‗nano‘ interacting with their ambient.

viii) to demonstrate the feasibility and capabilities of large area systems
    integration covering the integration of sensing, actuating, processing in
    very large systems (including the related system approach) not restricted
    to one or the other material, environment, or purpose.

It is expected that work on topics i) to vi) will crystallise around Integrated
Projects, stimulating multidisciplinary applied research for visionary
applications. They should, when needed, cover also innovation and take-up
activities, access to research infrastructures so as to facilitate cooperation and
the involvement of SMEs. They may simultaneously address one or more of
the different foci above and can be built incrementally starting from the first
call.

Networks of Excellence, in particular for i), iii) and vi) are expected to
complement the Integrated Projects for further structuring the ERA in these
fields. Additional Specific Targeted Research projects and specific support
actions will be restricted to explore highly promising alternative approaches to
prepare new technological fields and will cover systems at the nano scale, in
particular for areas (vii) and (viii)

Work should were appropriate, enhance, complement and be complemented
by work implemented under priority 3, EUREKA/EURIMUS and other initiatives
at Member State level and be positioned in an international context.
Coordination mechanisms will be established.
    Broadband Access for All
Objective: To develop the network technologies and architectures allowing a
generalised availability of broadband access to European users, including
those in less developed regions. This is a key enabler to the wider
deployment of the information and knowledge-based society and economy.
Focus is on
-   Low cost access network equipment, for a range of technologies
    optimised as a function of the operating environment, including optical
    fibre, fixed wireless access, interactive broadcasting, satellite access, and
    power line networks.
-   New concepts for network management , control and protocols, to lower
    the operational costs, provide enhanced intelligence and functionality in
    the access network for delivery of new services, and end-to-end network
    connectivity.
-   Multi-service capability, with a single access network physical
    infrastructure shared by multiple services allowing a reduction in capital
    and operational expenditures for installation and maintenance;

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                  59                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
-   Increased bandwidth capacity, in the access network as well as in the
    underlying optical core/metro network (including in particular optical burst
    and packet switching), commensurate with the expected evolution in user
    requirements and Internet-related services.
These research objectives are framed in a system context and are required to
address the technological breakthroughs in support of the socio-economic
evolution towards availability of low cost and generalised broadband access.
This should therefore lead to:
-   Optimized access technologies, as a function of the operating
    environment, at affordable price allowing for a generalized introduction of
    broadband services in Europe and in less developed regions;
-   Technologies allowing the access portion of the next generation network
    to match the evolution of the core network, in terms of capacity,
    functionality and Quality of Service available to the end users.
-   A European consolidated approach regarding regulatory aspects, and for
    standardized solutions allowing the identification of best practice, and
    introduction of low cost end user and access network equipment;
Consortia are encouraged to secure support from other sources as well and
to build on related national initiatives. Widespread introduction of broadband
access will require the involvement of industry, network operators and public
authorities, through a wide range of public-private initiatives.
Satellite parts of the work should be clearly placed in the context of related
ESA efforts. Activities on satellite communications is done in coordination with
the activities in the thematic priority on ―aeronautics and space‖.
    Mobile and Wireless Systems Beyond 3G
Objective: To realise the vision of "Optimally Connected Anywhere, Anytime".
Early preparatory work has characterized Systems beyond 3G as an horizontal
communication model, where different terrestrial access levels and
technologies are combined to complement each other in an optimum way for
different service requirements and radio environments. They may include the
personal level (Personal/Body Area/Ad Hoc Network) the local/home level (W-
LAN, UWB) the cellular level (GPRS, UMTS) the wider area level (DVB-T,
BWA).
The resulting access landscape is complemented by a satellite overlay
network, providing notably a global multicast layer (e.g. S-DMB).
Reconfigurability is a key enabler to support such an heterogeneous and
generalised wireless access.
Focus is on:
-   A Generalised Access Network based on a common, flexible and seamless
    all IP infrastructure supporting scalability and mobility.
-   Advanced resource management techniques for the Generalised Access
    Network allowing optimum usage of the scarce spectrum resource
    enabling dynamic spectrum allocation.

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 60                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
-   Global roaming for all access technologies, with horizontal and vertical
    hand-over and seamless services provision, with negotiation capabilities
    including mobility, security and QoS.
-   Inter-working between access technologies and with the core network at
    both, service and control planes, including advanced service and
    composite network management.
-   Advanced architectures that enable reconfigurability at all layers (terminal,
    network and services)
Research is expected to be placed in a system context and to address the
technological breakthrough in support of this conceptual evolution. It should
open new social and economic opportunities by allowing full seamless and
nomadic user access to new classes of feature rich applications, and new
classes of person to person, device to device and device to persons
applications.
Outcome expected from this work is:
-   A consolidated European approach to technology, systems and services,
    notably in the field of future standards (e.g. for access), in the
    international fora (WRC, ITU, 3GPP-IETF, ETSI, DVB…) where the issue of
    systems beyond 3G is addressed;
-   A consolidated European approach regarding the spectrum requirements
    (terrestrial and satellites) in the evolution beyond 3G and a clear
    European understanding of the novel ways of optimizing spectrum usage
    when moving beyond 3G;
-   A consolidated European approach to reconfigurability and to the
    associated new regulatory problem (notably in terms of security/privacy)
    entailed by this novel technology.
    Towards a global dependability and security framework
Objective: To strengthen security and enhance dependability of the
information and communication systems and infrastructures and to ensure
trust and confidence in the use of IST by addressing new security and
dependability challenges. These are resulting from higher complexity,
ubiquity of computing and communications, mobility, and increased
dynamicity of content. Integrated and comprehensive approaches involving
all relevant stakeholders of the value chain should address security and
dependability at different levels and from different perspectives.
Focus is on:
–   Development of integrated approaches, architectures and technologies for
    security and mobility, virtual identity management, privacy enhancing
    both at application level and at infrastructure level. Aspects of usability as
    well as socio-economic and regulatory issues would have to be taken into
    account.
–   Development of integrated interdisciplinary approaches and ensuing
    technologies for the provision of dependable network and information
    systems that underpin our economy and our society.

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 61                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
–   Development of modelling-, and simulation-based management decision
    support tools for critical infrastructure protection addressing ICT-related
    interdependencies of critical infrastructures and aiming at prevention of
    threats and reduction of vulnerabilities.
–   Development, testing and verification of underlying and novel crypto
    technologies for a wide spectrum of applications. Development, testing
    and verification of technologies for protecting, securing and trustable
    distribution of digital assets. Due consideration should be given to
    implementation and standardisation issues and to security policy
    development and consensus building among the relevant key players.
–   Research, development, testing and certification on next generation
    secure smart devices (e.g. smart cards) and their components. This
    includes design, production and automated verification of smart devices.
–   Multidisciplinary research on biometrics and its applications with due
    consideration also of the social and operational issues. Strengthening
    European competence on security certification leading to mutual
    recognition as well as network and computing forensic technologies to
    combat cybercrime.
Work should link to Member State research initiatives and policies. Related to
dependability and critical infrastructure protection, targeted international
collaboration with complementary research communities and programmes
should be fostered.
    Multimodal interfaces
Objective: To develop natural and adaptive multimodal interfaces, that
respond intelligently to speech and language, vision, gesture, haptics and
other senses.
Focus is on:
– Interaction between and among humans and the virtual and physical
  environment, through intuitive multimodal interfaces that are autonomous
  and capable of learning and adapting to the user environment in
  dynamically changing contexts. They should recognise emotive user
  reaction and feature robust dialogue capability with unconstrained speech
  and language input.
– Multilingual systems facilitating translation for unrestricted domains,
  especially for spontaneous or ill-formed (speech) inputs, in task-oriented
  settings.
Work can span from basic research in areas such as machine learning and
accurate vision and gesture tracking, to system level integration with proof of
concept in challenging application domains, including wearable interfaces and
smart clothes, intelligent rooms and interfaces for collaborative working tools,
and cross-cultural communications.
IPs are expected to address the objectives within a holistic approach
enabling, where justified, competition within and across projects. NoEs should
aim at lowering barriers between hitherto split communities and disciplines
and advance knowledge in the field. They should help establish and reinforce

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                62                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
shared infrastructures, including for training and evaluation, annotation
standards and appropriate usability metrics and benchmarks. STRPs are
expected to bootstrap research in identifiable or emerging sub-domains and
to prepare associated communities.
    Semantic-based Knowledge Systems
Objective: To develop semantic-based and context-aware systems to acquire,
organise, process, share and use the knowledge embedded in multimedia
content. Research will aim to maximise automation of the complete
knowledge lifecycle and achieve semantic interoperability between Web
resources and services.

Focus is on:
- Semantic-enabled systems and services facilitating multimedia content
    mining on the Web and across distributed computing platforms. They
    should be self-organising, robust and scaleable and enable better mastery
    of complex information spaces through improved analysis, interpretation
    and visualisation of high-dimensional objects and content.
- Knowledge-based adaptive systems, combining semantically enriched
    content with "anytime-anywhere inferencing" in support of knowledge-
    intensive, time-critical tasks, especially for modelling and optimisation,
    automated diagnosis and decision-support.
Projects will cover all research aspects needed to achieve the above,
including:
-   Foundational research: new formal models, methods and languages for
    knowledge representation and reasoning under uncertainty, including
    learning models from data and multilingual and multimedia ontology
    infrastructure for the semantic Web.
-   Component-level research addressing the functionality of knowledge
    systems: new generation of tools to support automatic acquisition,
    analysis, annotation, (re)organisation, browsing, filtering, processing and
    visualisation of multimedia content.
-   System-level integration with proof of concept of knowledge technologies
    and components into novel semantic-based services and applications.
Projects will maximise cross-fertilization between several different areas,
including knowledge technologies and engineering, database technology,
agent technology, natural language processing, etc. IPs will aim at
addressing, within an end-to-end approach, all stages of the research,
covering foundational, component-level as well as system-level research.
Component-level research may be the subject of focused STRPs. NoEs will
provide a channel for fostering longer-term foundational research, developing
shared ontologies and data infrastructures, including metrics for system
training and evaluation, and promoting standards and open reference
architectures.
    Networked Audiovisual systems and home platforms


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 63                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Objective: To develop end-to-end networked audio-visual systems and
applications, and open trusted and interoperable multimedia user platforms
and devices, notably for broadcasting and in-home platforms with full
interactivity capacity.
Focus is on:
-   Trusted free choice environments for more intuitive access and interaction
    with hybrid 3D multimedia signals and objects. Rich media objects
    representation, identification, location and description.
-   Seamlessly co-operating IP audiovisual (AV) networks, new middleware
    protocols and architectures for real time and consistent multimedia
    routing and distribution, load and balancing control mechanisms, P2P,
    datacasting and streaming of audio-visual rich media. Adaptive Quality of
    Services for scalable audio-visual flows on heterogeneous networks, AV
    internetworking, network traffic engineering, interactive AV service
    management, and simulation.
-         Home server portals, interoperability between home networking
    technologies and their integration with global networks, as a means for
    access to, and generation of combined applications and services. AV
    portals with storage, management and repackaging appliances, including
    extended home distribution. Advanced retrieval methods and business
    models to support access to streamed and stored audiovisual media from
    anywhere in the home and car environment from any device.
Research will strongly concentrate on enabling technology for error-resilient
representation, slicing and handling of rich audio-visual signals. This concerns
basic research, structuring and federating the best groups in Europe from the
communication areas. It also concerns research in high potential, industry-
driven domains such as next generation 3D-TV, electronic cinema, virtual &
tele-presence and future mixed-reality-based mobile personal communication
services. A strong requirement will be that these activities should be centred
around a communication infrastructure and should aim at exploiting the
outstanding European potential developed over several Programmes in this
area. Active contribution to world-wide standard setting will be a prerequisite.
    Networked organisations, businesses and governments
Objective: To develop ICTs supporting organisational networking, process
integration, and sharing of resources. This shall enable networked
organisations, private and public, to build faster and more effective
partnerships and alliances, to re-engineer and integrate their processes, to
develop value added products and services, and to share knowledge and
experiences.
Focus is on:
– Management of dynamic collaborative networks through the development
    of harmonisation frameworks, open platform specifications, models and
    ontologies. Multi-disciplinary research into complex adaptive and self-
    organising systems and modelling, representing, tracking and measuring
    distributed work and knowledge flows.


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                64                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
–   Technologies for interoperability through open networks of intelligent,
    autonomous, self-adaptive, self-configurable, and scalable software
    components for networked organisations including SMEs. Novel reference
    architectures working in dynamic networks using ontologies, agent and
    grid technologies, web-services, semantic web and peer-to-peer
    computing. Open e-government architectures based on European
    standards and national initiatives supporting secure infrastructures of
    open source software solutions for all aspects of the government
    operation, including electronic democracy systems and interaction with
    citizens.
–   Managing knowledge to support innovation through sharing, brokering
    and trading knowledge across the value chain, supporting value-adding
    processes and business strategies. Emergent innovation-friendly
    collaborative spaces and working environments that facilitate leveraging of
    tacit knowledge, creativity and resource productivity. Measurement and
    management of intellectual capital and knowledge modelling from multiple
    perspectives/levels.
–   IST as driver for small businesses and government re-organisation
    through local economic development processes including small business
    ecosystems and their interactions with local government. Evaluation and
    measurement of e-government models at all levels.
–   Socioeconomic research in the governance of networked organisations,
    legal issues and corporate social responsibility.
IPs shall follow an integrated and multidisciplinary approach bringing together
a critical mass of effort and favouring the development of partnerships with
business and government organisations, academic research labs,
standardisation organisations and technology transfer centres. NoEs shall
integrate the different research communities and build up new knowledge,
while STRPs and other measures should support emerging sub-domains.
Work will build on and complement the Member State activities in the field.

    eSafety for Road and Air Transport
Objective: To develop an integrated and global approach to intelligent road
vehicles and aircraft which offers higher safety and value added services,
where interactions between the person in control, the vehicle and the
information infrastructure are addressed in an integrated way.
Focus is on:
        -   Research on advanced sensors and communication systems as well
            as highly dependable software and interfaces to integrate on-board
            safety systems that assist the driver in road vehicle control;
            advanced airborne collision avoidance systems for aircraft.
        -   For road transport, research in distributed intelligent agents, secure
            communications and advanced positioning and mapping
            technologies and their integration for supporting the provision of
            location based value added services.

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                  65                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
        -    For road and air transport, work on vehicle and information
             infrastructure management systems with emphasis on safety and
             efficiency.
Proposals will describe how relevant results and funding from non-EU
programmes (e.g. PREDIT, Mobilitaet und Verkehr, EUREKA etc) will be
combined to contribute to this task. National and regional test infrastructure
should also be incorporated where appropriate.
Projects should aim at fostering partnership between advanced research
laboratories from the road or air transport industry, telecommunication
industry, infrastructure operators, equipment and service providers and users.
It is likely that the research domains will be covered mainly with IPs as well
as a few STRPs.

    eHealth
Objective: To develop an intelligent environment that enables ubiquitous
management of citizen‘s health status and to assist health professionals in
coping with some major challenges, risk management and the integration into
clinical practice of advances in health knowledge.
Focus is on:
 Research and development on key technologies such as biosensors and
  secure communication and their integration into wearable or implantable
  systems that provide citizens and their health professionals with
  ubiquitous management of health status. The expected outcome include
  intelligent and communicating clothing and/or implants that interact and
  communicate securely when appropriate with other health systems and
  points-of-care.

 Research on new reliable software tools supporting health professionals in
  taking promptly the best possible decision. Specific focus will be given to
  research on user-friendly, fast and reliable browsing tools providing access
  to heterogeneous health information sources, and also new methods for
  decision support and risk analysis. The use of GRID technology and open
  source is encouraged where appropriate.

 Networking of researchers in the areas of medical informatics,
  bioinformatics and neuroinformatics with the objectives of leading to new
  health knowledge and new generation of eHealth systems assisting in
  individualisation of disease prevention, diagnoses and treatment.

Proposals will describe how relevant results and funding from non-EU
programmes will be combined to contribute to this task. International,
national and regional test infrastructure should also be incorporated where
appropriate.
Projects should aim at enhancing European industrial competitiveness by
building partnerships between advanced R&D laboratories from relevant
sectors relating to health and healthcare e.g. medical devices, eHealth,


IST priority; WP 2003-2004               66                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
telecommunication, specialised software providers, infrastructure operators,
equipment and service providers, and users.
It is likely that the two first domains will be addressed by IPs and the third
one by NoEs. Some STRPs are expected in all domains.

    Technology-enhanced learning and access to cultural heritage
Objective: To develop advanced systems and services that help improve
access to Europe's knowledge and educational resources (including cultural
and scientific collections) and generate new forms of cultural and learning
experiences.
Focus is on :
– Improving the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of learning, for individuals
  and organisations, independent of time, place and pace, through the
  development of open systems and services in support of ubiquitous,
  experiential and contextualised learning and virtual collaborative learning
  communities. Work combines advanced cognitive and knowledge-based
  approaches with new media, including virtual and augmented reality,
  virtual presence and simulation, takes account of technological,
  pedagogical as well as organisational aspects, and aims at demonstrating
  next-generation learning solutions in sizable field experiments.
– Improving accessibility, visibility and recognition of the commercial value of
  Europe's cultural and scientific resources, by developing: advanced digital
  libraries services, providing high-bandwidth access to distributed and
  highly interactive repositories of European culture, history and science;
  environments for intelligent heritage and tourism, re-creating and
  visualising cultural and scientific objects and sites for enhancing user
  experience in cultural tourism; advanced tools, platforms and services in
  support of highly automated digitisation processes and workflows, digital
  restoration and preservation of film and video material, and digital memory
  management and exploitation.
IPs will be the main vehicle for R&D and demonstration of learning systems
and services, while NoEs will contribute to exploratory, longer-term research
enhancing human learning and cognitive processes. All instruments, including
STRPs, will help promoting best practice, take up and dissemination.
The digital libraries field is open for both NoEs and IPs, developing shared
test-beds and resources and seeking to connect scientific and cultural actors.
NoEs and STRPs will be the prevailing instruments for intelligent heritage and
tourism. Work in Preservation aims at structuring new research communities
round emerging agendas and platforms for research, through IPs and NoEs.




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                67                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Objectives covered in the second call : (2004 budget)
The table below shows the objectives that will be covered in the second call
that will draw on the 2004 budget.

Objectives covered in Call 2

    Advanced displays
                                                                   Technology
    Optical, opto-electronic, & photonic functional               components
    components
 Open development platforms for software and
 services
 Cognitive systems
                                                                   Integrated
    Embedded systems                                              systems

    Applications and services for the mobile user and
    worker
    Cross-media content for leisure and entertainment
 GRID-based Systems and solving complex
 problems                                                          Applications
 Improving Risk management

    eInclusion


    Product design and manufacturing 20105


      Advanced displays
Objective: To develop, demonstrate and prepare for industrialisation
emerging display technologies related to polymer materials, lightweight near-
to-the-eye information terminals and large size displays for the consumer like
wall paper TV displays in order to improve their performance, cost efficiency,
their integration in any system and their interfacing with the user.

Focus is on:

-     i) mastering stable and light efficient polymer display technologies, and
      advancing polymer electronics. The aim is also to make their mass
      manufacturing compatible with printing techniques, to build on flexible
      technologies so as to demonstrate conformable displays (e.g. e-paper,
      wearable or woven displays) and to demonstrate these technologies for
      small hand-held and for affordable large size applications.

-     ii) developing display solutions for small form factor high information
      content communicators (like for lightweight transparent eyeglasses with

5
    This will be the subject of a joint call with Priority 3


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                         68              draft v160902 - 16/09/02
    microdisplay / direct retina writing or micro-projectors) and achieving their
    integration and demonstration in complete systems.

-   iii) overcoming today‘s 3D multi-viewer dynamic visualisation complexity
    and limitations (volumetric, holographic)

It is expected that research activities on topics i) and ii) crystallise around
Integrated Projects; and are         organised either vertically - combining
materials, components, equipment, display RTD, integration and
customisation for some applications - or are clustered around major
technology strands with a view to spin out results in different innovative
applications. Networks of Excellence in particular for i) are expected to
complement the Integrated Project activities. Additional Specific Targeted
Research Projects and Specific Support Actions will be restricted to highly
exploratory and promising alternative approaches to prepare new
technological fields and to cover research objective iii.

Work should where appropriate build upon existing networks and activities in
the Member States and be positioned in an international context.
Coordination mechanisms are expected to be established.

    Optical, opto-electronic, and photonic functional components
Objective: To develop advanced materials, micro- and nano-scale photonic
structures and devices, solid-state sources and to realise optoelectronic
integrated circuits (OEIC). In the last 20 years, optics and photonics have
become increasingly pervasive in a wide range of industrial applications. It
has now become the heart of a new industry, building on microelectronics
with which it will be increasingly linked.

Projects are expected to address research challenges for 2010 and beyond in
one or more of the following application contexts: ―telecommunication and
infotainment‖ (components for ―low-cost high-bandwidth‖ and ―Terabyte
storage‖), ―health care and life science‖ (minimally invasive photonic
diagnostics and therapies, biophotonic devices),and ―Environment and
Security‖ (photonic sensors and imagers)

Research includes:
-          advanced materials, microoptics and micro-nano-photonic
    structures: passive and active photonic materials and heterostructures,
    and their integration with microelectronic main stream processes. This
    includes compound semiconductors, organic and polymers and glass;
-          advanced devices and integrated photonic circuits implementing
    functional requirements of telecommunication (e.g, electro-optic and all-
    optical processing), of medical (e.g, biophotonics and imaging) and of
    environment applications (e.g, sensors).



IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 69                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
-          advanced solid-state light sources to increase compactness,
    tunability and brightness. Work will also include ultra-short pulse,
    microcavities and source array technologies.
It is expected that work on the above topics would crystallise around
integrated projects on ―sources‖, ―photonic devices‖, and ―opto-electronic
integrated circuits‖. Networks of excellence should help structure in ―micro-
nano scale structures and devices‖ and ―polymer/organic components and
fibers‖. Topics complementing this overall strategy could come forward
through the other instruments but should strictly be focused on promising
alternative approaches. Proposals for Coordination Actions to support the
development of roadmaps in the field are encouraged.
    Open development Platforms for software and services
Objective: To build open development and run-time environments for
software and services providing the next generation of methodologies,
interoperable middleware and tools to support developers - through all
phases of the software life-cycle, from requirements analysis until deployment
and maintenance - in the production of networked and distributed software
systems and services, embedded software and value-added user services.
Focus is on:
– High level methods and concepts (esp. at requirements and architectural
   level) for system design, development and integration, addressing non-
   functional aspects, complexity, autonomy and composability.
– Open and modular development environments, enabling flexibility and
   extensibility with new or sector-specific tools (e.g. intelligent decision
   support), supporting different adaptable development processes and
   methodologies and ensuring consistency and traceability across the
   development lifecycle.
– Light/agile methodologies and adaptive workflow providing a dynamic and
   adaptive environment, suitable for co-operative and distributed
   development.
– Open platforms, middleware and languages supporting standards for
   interoperability, composability and integration. (incl. e.g. P2P, GRID,
   autonomy, agents, dynamic adaptability and evolvability, context
   awareness, customer profiles). Open source middleware layers can
   facilitate rapid and broad adoption.
Priority will be given to projects in which strong industrial users join forces
with software and service suppliers in building common platforms with
support of academic research partners.
In addition, related foundational research, to be implemented by Specific
Targeted Research Projects and Coordination Actions, should focus on
fundamental design concepts, systematisation of domain specifications,
concurrency, distribution and timing, formal and quantitative analysis and
testing tools, and future database and information system concepts.
Work should where appropriate, enhance and complement work implemented
under EUREKA/ITEA and in software initiatives at Member State level. The


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                70                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
IST programme will seek active co-operation with ITEA in software intensive
systems.
    Cognitive Systems
Objective: To construct physically instantiated or embodied systems that can
perceive, understand (the semantics of information conveyed through their
perceptual input) and interact with their environment, and evolve in order to
achieve human-like performance in activities requiring context-(situation and
task) specific knowledge.
Focus is on:
- methodologies and construction of robust and adaptive cognitive systems
   integrating perception, reasoning, representation and learning, that are
   capable of interpretation, physical interaction and communication in real-
   world environments for the purpose of performing goal-directed tasks.
   Research will aim at realising complete systems with real-time
   performance and/or bounded rationality, have well developed memory
   capacities (e.g. short term, long term, iconic, associative) with efficient
   representation, and that acquire representations as needed to realise
   performance goals. The emphasis is on closing the loop in realistic test
   cases.
A main target of this research is interdisciplinarity, i.e., to carefully consider
the integration of different disciplines including computer vision, natural
language understanding, robotics, artificial intelligence, mathematics and
cognitive neuroscience and its impact on overall system design. IPs are
expected to leverage these communities to integrate methods and insights
towards the objective of realising entire systems and to promote community
building. NoEs will provide a channel for fostering foundational research, for
developing and maintaining common resources, specifically, of open systems
and training environments to study learning and evolving systems.
    Embedded systems
Objective: To develop the next generation of technologies and tools for
modelling, design, implementation and operation of hardware/software
systems embedded in intelligent devices. An end-to-end systems vision
should allow to build such systems with optimal performance, high confidence
and reduced time to market and faster deployment.
Focus is on:
- Middleware and platforms for building Networked Embedded Systems that
  aim to hide the complexity of underlying computing, communications,
  sensing and control while, at the same time, providing efficient and
  effective distribution of resources at low cost. Emphasis will be on
  middleware for small wireless devices, e.g. mobile phones or PDAs, that
  makes design, programming, verification and maintenance of systems
  including such devices easier. It will also be on scalable and self-
  organising platforms that offer services for ad-hoc networking of very



IST priority; WP 2003-2004                  71                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
  small devices and for mastering complexity through perception techniques
  for object and event recognition and advanced computing and control.
- Concepts, methods and tools for Hardware-Software Co-design and
  implementation of systems, with emphasis on correct handling of complex
  Real-Time constraints. Work includes unification of computational models
  and composition methods, holistic design addressing event and time
  constraints, and techniques and integrated validation tools to ensure ultra-
  stable, embedded systems.
- Advanced Controls for Real-Time systems with emphasis on hybrid systems
  theories including non-linear processes with both constraints and
  switching modes. Advanced controls for Networked Embedded Systems
  with emphasis on networked autonomous and fault adaptive control and
  management, as well as on reasoning, behaviour, global performance
  and robustness.
It is expected that work on Networked Embedded Systems and on Hardware-
Software Co-design would crystallise around Integrated Projects which would
also address the relevant parts of work on Advanced Controls. These IPs are
expected to create critical mass by covering: basic and foundational research
(e.g. methods, models, languages), component-based research (e.g. new
generation of tools) and systems integration. Projects must stimulate
innovation in business and industrial systems by incorporating leading-edge
users with visionary application problems and also users with mid-term issues
and SMEs to ensure a wider take-up. An incremental approach starting with a
group of core partners is recommended.
Networks of Excellence are expected to complement the IPs, in particular for
Advanced Controls where activities with a longer term horizon are needed for
further structuring the ERA in this field. Additional Specific Targeted Research
Projects and Specific Support Actions are encouraged to explore emerging
technologies or alternative approaches so as to pave the way for additional
new technological advances in the field.
Work should, where appropriate, strengthen and complement research
implemented under EUREKA and in national initiatives.
    Applications and Services for the Mobile User and worker
Objective: To ensure the availability of innovative applications and services
for the mobile user and worker and to support the use and development of
new work methods and collaborative business platforms. These should be
based on interoperable mobile, wireless technologies and the convergence of
fixed and mobile communication infrastructures. Such applications and
services will enable new business models, new ways of working, improved
customer relations and government services including voting.
The target applications and services will be capable of being seamlessly
accessed and provided anywhere, anytime and in any context.
Focus is on:



IST priority; WP 2003-2004                72                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
–   The integration of technologies into a wide range of innovative mobile and
    multimodal applications and services including workplace designs that
    enhance creativity and productivity:
       Intelligent, adaptive and self-configuring services, including location
        based services, that provide access to corporate and government
        resources and deploy wearable interfaces. They should enable
        automatic context-sensitivity, user profiling and personalisation in a
        trusted and secure environment, multi-lingual and multi-cultural
        presentation, and multiple modes of interaction;
       Novel workplace designs and methods of work organisation that
        enable collaboration of multi-location and mobile workers and can
        increase participation in, and access to work by women, disabled and
        older workers and in remote and rural areas.

–       Addressing the major hurdles for the deployment of applications and
    services for the mobile user so as to ensure:
                  openness and interoperability of service development and
        provision environments, including location-based services compatible
        with existing and emerging satellite infrastructures (e.g. Galileo),
                 interoperability of service roaming across heterogeneous
        networks, service environments and fixed and wireless environments
        including billing, payment, ticketing and accounting services,

Projects shall cover research, development, testing and uptake activities with
emphasis on multiservice large scale systems in several sectoral settings.
They shall aim at integrated and multidiscipline approaches, covering socio-
economic, regulatory and policy issues and the analysis of economic drivers,
including intangible value creation, and foster partnerships between industrial
and academic actors including service providers, operators in different
European countries, content providers and equipment manufacturers.
    Cross-media content for leisure and entertainment
Objective: To improve the full digital content chain, covering creation,
acquisition, management and production, through effective multimedia
technologies enabling multi-channel, cross-platform access to media,
entertainment and leisure content in the form of film, music, games, news
and alike. It will accelerate take up in B2B, B2C and C2C, currently hampered
by insufficient productivity, convergence and high cost.
Focus is on:
– developing technologies supporting the creation of new, compelling forms
  of content for interactive, creative or artistic consumption. Research should
  aim at advancing imaging technologies and audio-visual representation,
  multi-dimensional immersive environments and experience portals, as well
  as virtual, augmented and mixed reality technologies featuring higher
  levels of quality and accuracy. Device adaptivity and contextualisation,


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                73                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
   personalisation and (emotive) feedback, and ability to capture real-time,
   multimodal and multisensorial input will be embedded as needed.
– developing integrated content programming environments allowing to
   retrieve content from different sources, types and locations, and to store,
   compress and categorise it, with a view to realising programming
   appropriate to a particular audience and delivery channel, including
   interactive TV, e-cinema, radio, online games and music.
IPs will address the full RTD spectrum outlined above, also covering workflow
issues, versioning and re-purposing, user needs and acceptance, business
models, DRM, security and privacy. NoEs are expected to explore radically
new forms of content and associated experience models. All instruments
should aim to mobilise relevant media value chain players, in particular
content creators and aggregators, and broadcasters and publishers.
    GRID-based Systems for solving complex problems
Objectives:
– To expand the potential of the GRID approach to solving complex
  problems which can not be solved with current technologies in application
  fields such as, but not limited to, industrial design, engineering and
  manufacturing, health, genomics and drug design, environment, critical
  infrastructures, energy, business and finance, and new media.
– To overcome present architectural and design limitations hampering the
  use and wider deployment of computing and knowledge GRIDs and to
  enrich its capabilities by including new functionalities required for complex
  problem solving. This should help the larger uptake of GRID type
  architectures and extend the concept from computation Grids to
  knowledge GRIDs, eventually leading to a ―semantic GRID‖.
Focus is on:
– Architecture, design and development of the next generation GRID beyond
   extensions of existing technologies, based on open standards, including
   security built-in at all levels, programming environments, resource
   management; economic and business models for new services,
   customisable middleware, interoperability with existing GRID and
   Webservices. An integrated and comprehensive approach including stake
   holders from all relevant levels is required.
– Enabling application technologies for the solution of complex problems in
   domains requiring a GRID-based approach, including next generation tools
   and environments for modelling, simulation, datamining, visualisation,
   process control, remote operation; and collaborative working in dynamic
   virtual organisations. To exploit synergies and avoid duplication,
   communities in different application domains having similar requirements
   shall join forces and share common layers.
Co-operation with research activities in the Member States is necessary for
building critical mass, avoiding duplication of efforts and strengthening
European leadership. A multi-disciplinary approach across the relevant levels
of the value chain is required. For the first focus it is a priority to foster



IST priority; WP 2003-2004                74                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
international collaboration with complementary research communities and
programmes.
    Improving Risk management
Objective: To develop open platforms, integrated systems and components
for improved risk management, improved civil security applications (including
threats from anti-personnel landmines) and environmental management. To
foster the emergence of a European info-structure and service platforms
which will foster the use of interoperable components and sub-systems.
Focus is on:
– Research on key IST technologies, notably: robust and/or low cost smart
   sensors with communication and location capabilities, advanced modelling
   and simulation software, data mining and visualisation, GRID technology to
   be integrated in improved decision support systems for the prevention and
   the management of emergencies. When appropriate, applications should
   seamlessly integrate data from earth observation to contribute to the
   GMES action plan.
– Research on new concepts and IST technologies to enhance Civil Security
   in the prevention and the management of industrial and terrorist threats.
   Work will also cover technologies for Humanitarian De-mining with a focus
   on Area Reduction, and methods for the reliable detection of safe areas,
   and multi-purpose sensors for risks including mine and explosive detection.
   A special emphasis will be put on the co-ordination of humanitarian de-
   mining research at a European level.
– Actions to help the emergence of a European info-structure and associated
   services for environmental and natural resources management. In
   particular, actions to improve co-ordination towards the harmonisation and
   standardisation of: data access, meta-data, and open architectures.
In the first focus area, Integrated projects shall help develop, principally,
common open platforms for software and services supporting a distributed
information and decision systems for risk and crisis management. The main
expected result is a common risk management architecture capable of
supporting a wide range of applications covering the five risk cycles: risk
assessment and planning, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
Such generic architectures are to support any type of risk (environmental,
industrial or terrorist) in a common approach. In the second focus area, in
addition to some research projects (IPs or STRPs), Networks of Excellence
and/or co-ordination actions will help structure research in the field of
humanitarian de-mining.
Proposals will describe how objectives, project work, results and funding from
international, national and regional programmes will contribute to the EU
funded programmes.
    eInclusion
Objective: To develop intelligent systems that empower persons with
disabilities and ageing citizens to play a full role in society and to increase
their autonomy. eInclusion is a core building block in the establishment of the
Information Society for all in Europe. Research activities will also be

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                75                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
conducted in two others priorities: ‗Citizens and Governance in a Knowledge
Society‘ and ‗Support to EU policies‘.
As far as the IST priority is concerned, focus is on:
– Research on advanced interfaces, information modeling, low cost sensors
    and possibly robotics to be integrated in assistive devices and services for
    persons with special needs.
– Research on intelligent housing for persons with special needs to be
    addressed in an integrated approach.
– Networking of researchers, on one hand in the domain of assistive
    technologies to provide significant improvements in the quality of life of
    users with physical, sensory or cognitive impairments and on the other
    hand in the domain of design-for-all for mainstream products and services
    for example by developing new knowledge about cognitive demands and
    new multimodal platforms.
Socio-economic, regulatory and policy dimensions should also be addressed
within the projects. Proposals will describe how objectives, project work,
results and funding from international, national and regional programmes will
contribute to the EU funded programmes.
Projects should aim at fostering partnership between advanced research
laboratories in the key IST domains from the industry, system integrators,
service providers and relevant users.
It is likely that the 2 first domains will be covered by STRPs and IPs and that
the third domain will be covered by NoEs.
    Services and Products engineering in 2010 (This is the subject of
    a joint call with Priority 3)
Objective: To further strengthen Europe‘s competitive position by developing
collaborative technologies and methodologies for extended service and
product development approaches, including associated services and
distributed global manufacturing organisation. Community funding should
help integrate, in a global context, fragmented European and IMS RTD efforts
in product and process design, and to focus on new holistic product/service
concepts.
Focus is on:
– technologies, engineering methodologies, novel tools and work
  environments and methods that facilitate creativity, resource use efficiency
  and collaboration, as well as holistic approaches for products and
  associated services. Work will consider all product stages, from conception,
  design, configuration, to production, delivery, maintenance, and disposal,
  as well as, work organisation and the work environment,and will include
  customer-centric approaches such as customisation, fulfilment, logistics,
  maintenance.

– emerging technologies for the development of products and associated
  business and work models able to create, enrich, deliver and secure
  related intangible assets and goods such as human and social capital,
  digital content and related rights, supporting knowledge and information


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 76                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
    flow between suppliers and users as well as context-aware product
    configuration and adaptation.

– demonstrating the feasibility and applicability of holistic product design,
  development and distribution tools and methods in a rich variety of
  sectoral settings (e.g. automotive, aerospace, construction, industrial
  textiles, furniture, agriculture and food, transport and delivery, maritime,
  electronics, content).

– global standardisation initiatives in the area of inter-enterprise business
  processes management and integration (e.g. planning, scheduling and co-
  ordination), heterogeneous virtual business and manufacturing networks
  (e.g. for assuring process transparency and traceability of produced parts),
  shop floor automation as well as knowledge management and security.

Work will build on and help aggregate Member States‘ efforts6. In addition,
collaboration with the Eureka Factory initiative is being explored. This
description constitutes the Priority 2 part of activities to be called in common
with Priority 3 and the Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) initiative.




6
 e.g. initiatives such as the e-Manufacturing initiative in the UK, SPIN Software product industry and Presto-
Future Products in Finland and the IT 2006 initiative in Germany


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                                77                                 draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)
FET complements the other objectives of IST with research from a more
visionary and exploratory perspective. Specifically, FET‘s purpose is to help
new IST-related science and technology fields to emerge and mature, some
of which will become strategic for economic and social development in the
future. The research typically supported by FET is of a long-term nature and
involves high risks that are compensated by the promise of major advances
and large potential impact. It aims at opening up new possibilities and setting
trends for future research programmes, making FET a ‗nursery‘ of novel
research ideas and the IST‘s pathfinder activity. FET builds on the experience
and achievements made during the 5th Framework Programme
FET uses two complementary approaches: one pro-active, the other
receptive and open:
-   The pro-active scheme has a strategic character, setting the agenda for a
    limited number of specific areas that hold particular promise for the
    future; for example ‗quantum information processing & communication‘.
-   The open scheme employs the inverse approach – it has no ‗top-down‘
    prescription whatsoever and is open, at any time, to the broadest possible
    spectrum of ideas as they come directly ‗from the roots‘.
The overall budget for WP-year 2003 is expected to be of the order of 90
million €, and tentative budget for WP-year 2004 would be around 135 million
€.
More information on FET is provided at the web site
www.cordis.lu/ist/fethome.htm.
    FET Open
This scheme is open at any time to the widest possible spectrum of research
opportunities that relate to information society technologies as these arise
bottom-up. It supports: research on new ideas involving high risk; embryonic
research and proof-of-concept; and high quality long term research of a
foundational nature.
Instruments to be used
FET-Open is implemented mainly through Specific Targeted Research Projects
(STRPs). Proposals for support measures and coordination actions may also
be submitted (covering what in FP5 were called thematic networks and
working groups). The Open scheme will not be open to proposals for
Networks of Excellence or Integrated Projects in 2003.
Proposal submission and evaluation modalities
The call for proposals for the FET-Open scheme will be open throughout the
6th framework programme (continuous submission). Proposals have to be
submitted in two steps: first a short proposal of maximum 5 pages is
submitted, at any time, describing the key objectives and motivation for the
proposed work. This short proposal is evaluated by FET with the help of
referees (independent experts working remotely at their premises) and the
proposers are informed either that their short proposal is successful and they
may therefore submit a full proposal, or that it has been rejected.


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                78                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Once a short proposal has been retained7, its consortium may submit a full
proposal at any time within the following 6 months.. There are however cut-
off dates published in the Call (normally two to three per year) that
correspond to the evaluation sessions planned per year. FET will evaluate a
full proposal at a given evaluation session if it has been received before the
corresponding cut-off date. In 2003, two cut off dates are foreseen (13 May
and 16 September). In 2004, three cut off dates are foreseen (13 January, 11
May and 14 September).
The evaluation of full proposals is carried out through a combination of
refereeing and panels of experts that convene in Brussels to consolidate the
referees‘ individual assessments of full proposals and recommend a proposal
ranking.
    Proactive Initiatives
Proactive initiatives aim at focusing resources on visionary and challenging
long-term goals that are timely and have strong potential for future impact.
These long-term goals are not necessarily to be reached during the lifetime of
projects but provide a common strategic perspective for all research work
within the initiative and a focal point around which critical mass can be built
and synergies developed. Calls for proposals for proactive initiatives may be
preceded by invitations to submit ‗expressions of interest‘.
Instruments to be used
Each proactive initiative will typically consist of one or more integrated
projects and, in some cases, a Network of Excellence (NoE). In the context of
a proactive initiative, NoEs would have a specific role: they would bring
together the broader community active in the research domain of the
initiative in order to provide a framework of coordination for research and
training activities at the European level, and allow the progressive and lasting
integration of these activities around pre-specified themes. This may include
the establishment of ―distributed‖ centres of excellence, shared fabrication or
experimental facilities, testbeds etc.
NoEs in the proactive initiatives will help elaborate and maintain a research
roadmap for the area, in cooperation with the integrated projects, and they
will also ensure a broad dissemination of research results emanating from the
proactive initiative, stimulate industrial and commercial interest, and enhance
the public visibility of the research. In addition to the above activities, the
Joint Programme of Activity (JPA) of a NoE may provide support to research
of a limited scale that is within the subject area of the initiative; such
research may be of a more exploratory nature than that supported by the
integrated project(s) or can test the credibility of new research ideas and
concepts.


7
  In order to preserve continuity between FP5 and FP6, assessment projects
contracted under FP5 that are successful, but that did not have the opportunity to
submit a follow-up full proposal within FP5, will be allowed to submit directly a full
proposal to FET-Open in FP6.


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Coordination actions (similar to the thematic networks employed in FP 5) may
also be used where they are thought to provide added value. In exceptional
cases, proactive initiatives can be implemented as clusters of ‗specific
targeted projects‘.
Proactive initiatives to be called in 2003
(i) Beyond robotics
Incorporation of information technology into physical mobile artefacts
("robots") poses a wide range of interdisciplinary research challenges and has
the potential to lead to a large variety of new applications. Proposals should
address one or more of the following long term objectives:
- The development of cognitive robots whose ―purpose in life‖ would be to
    serve humans as assistants or ―companions‖. Such robots would be able
    to learn new skills and tasks in an active open-ended way and to grow in
    constant interaction and co-operation with humans.
- Hybrid bionic systems that would augment human capabilities such as
    perception of the environment, motion, interaction with other humans etc.
    This would involve smooth integration of sophisticated robotic and
    information systems with human perception-action systems using bi-
    directional interfaces (invasive or non-invasive) with the human nervous
    system.
- The development of autonomous microrobot groups ('robot ecologies'),
    consisting of many heterogeneous members exhibiting collective
    behaviour and intelligence. The robots would be able to self-organise,
    adapt, co-operate and evolve in order to attain a global objective.
Proposals should have ambitious objectives at the level of a complete system
and aim at breakthroughs that go well beyond the state of the art. Research
should seek new approaches and address and integrate topics such as
multisensory perception, learning, scalability, integration, task and
environment adaptation, interaction with humans, and rigorous evaluation.
Existing state-of-the-art solutions for robotic sub-systems may be adopted
where appropriate. The work would partly build on the ongoing FET
neuroinformatics (NI) and life-like perception systems (LPS) initiatives with
augmented scope for integration and systems research.
(ii) Complex systems research
The extreme scale and dynamism of information systems poses fundamental
challenges to their design and control. Conventional engineering methods will
soon hit a complexity barrier due to the exponential growth of
interconnections among a rapidly increasing number of system components.
The objective is therefore to create a new generation of scale-free,
autonomously evolving IT systems building on design and control paradigms
derived from complex system analysis. Such systems — large scale networks,
societies of simulated or embodied agents, electronic circuits, information
repositories, etc. — must incorporate adaptive and stable self-regulatory
mechanisms that guide their growth and lead to autonomous self-
organisation. They must be able to operate on multiple spatial and temporal
scales and continue operating reliably in dynamic environments.
To address the above objective it will be essential to study real-world systems
— living organisms, eco- and social systems, or even the man-made internet

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                80                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
— and understand how these scale-up and organise the information flow
between their parts. In addition, beyond studying real-world systems as
computational systems in order to develop tools to ―engineer emergent order‖,
ultimately only a general conceptual framework for complex systems would
enable a leap from ad-hoc solutions to a scientifically-rooted paradigm shift.
Essential for this are concepts from statistical physics, evolutionary and
developmental biology, immunology, neuroscience, game theory, etc.
Possible research goals / challenges include:
 Monitor, visualise and simulate the dynamics of large, rapidly evolving
    networks in real-time. Characterise and classify their structural properties
    and develop local algorithms taking advantage of these properties.
    Enhance their capacity of self-monitoring and self-management.
 Extract meaning from huge, unstructured, dynamically evolving sets of
    data. Guide societies of heterogeneous agents — simulated or embodied —
    to develop shared knowledge systems or languages.
 Create scale-free computational structures composed of self-assembling
    building blocks that are capable to develop - through spontaneous
    differentiation - organised structures and greater capabilities. Identify new
    languages for 'programming' such structures via local rules.
(iii) The Disappearing Computer
The designs of future ambient systems - that is, IT systems intimately
integrated with everyday environments and supporting people in their
activities - are likely to be quite different to those of current computer
systems. Instead they will have to be based on radically new architectures
comprising an unbounded set of ―building blocks‖ – where these blocks may
be embedded in everyday objects, be it stand-alone objects or software
entities.
The key aim of this research is to develop such open architectures and
supporting frameworks (tools, languages, ontologies etc.) that could become
universally applicable. The building blocks would be heterogeneous entities
with different functionalities (e.g. processors, controllers, protocol modules,
agents, tags, human interaction modules, sensors etc, embedded in everyday
objects or ―stand-alone‖). The architectures should allow their arbitrary
combination to produce an unbounded range of configurations giving rise to
functionalities that can be neither pre-programmed nor foreseeable.
In order to meaningfully bridge the distance between low-level architectures
and high level ambient systems interacting with people, the research effort
should span the entire spectrum ranging from low level architectural design
through to development of representative scenarios of use. The scenarios
should provide realistic contexts of use and interaction, inspired by
observations of people and their activities. They need to be diverse enough
to ensure that the architectures could indeed become universally applicable.
Work on the development of architectures should be done in conjunction with
building research prototypes where the architecture is evaluated against the
scenarios applied in a diversity of real-world settings.
Planning for proactive initiative calls in 2004 and beyond
The following tentative areas are being considered for launching proactive
initiative calls in 2004. They will mostly build on successful work carried out

IST priority; WP 2003-2004                81                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
within proactive initiatives launched during the 5th framework programme.
The list is not exclusive nor is it certain that all the areas listed below will be
called:
- Quantum information processing and communication: This initiative
    explores novel computing and communication systems that exploit the
    properties of quantum mechanical operations. The main focus would be
    on scalable solid-state and atom-based approaches to quantum
    processors.
- Molecular computing: This would be the follow-up to the Nanotechnology
    Information Devices (NID) initiative and would focus on molecular and
    biomolecular approaches to information processing systems, including
    devices, computational architectures and bottom-up nanofabrication.
- Global computing: This would build on successful work under the Global
    Computing initiative that started in 2001. The central challenge would be
    to establish solid foundational principles for the analysis and design of
    systems composed of extremely large numbers of autonomous, mobile
    and interacting computational entities, so that the global system is
    dependable, secure, robust and efficient.
Life-like perception and cognition systems would build on successful work
undertaken in the ―neuroinformatics for living artefacts‖ and ―life-like
perception systems‖ initiatives that were launched in 2000 and 2001. The
scope would cover both subsystems as well as complete autonomous
artefacts that are inspired by the sophistication of perception-decision-action
architectures adopted by living organisms.




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                   82                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Research networking test-beds
This work is complementary to and in support of the activities carried out in
the area of Research Infrastructures on high-capacity and high-speed
communications network for all researchers in Europe (GÉANT) and specific
high performance Grids.
Objectives:To integrate and validate, in the context of user-driven large scale
test-beds, the state-of-the-art technology that is essential for preparing the
future upgrades in the infrastructure deployed across Europe. This should
help support all research fields and identify the opportunities that such
technology offers together with its limitations. The work is essential for
fostering the early deployment in Europe of Next Generation Information and
Communications Networks based upon all-optical technologies and new
Internet protocols and for incorporating the most up-to-date middleware.
Focus is on:
– integrating, testing, validating and demonstrating new networking
   technologies - including disruptive technologies - and services (e.g. IP over
   photonics, GMPLS, new routing and protocol schemes, access
   technologies, photonic networks, lambda and terabit networking, global
   networking, distributed architectures, storage, configuration, security,
   billing and charging mechanisms, QoS, autonomous administration) in real-
   world settings and production environments.
– developing roadmaps and strategic guidance for infrastructure
   development in Europe, promoting specialised training and education on
   related advanced topics, promoting centres of excellence (e.g. GRIDs
   technology centres) and technology and know-how transfer, thus
   contributing towards strengthening and enhancing the European initiatives
   on Research Infrastructures.
– fostering interoperability of solutions across different scientific and
   industrial disciplines in an effort to achieve broader-scale up-take of new
   state-of-the-art infrastructure technology and promoting the creation of
   standards and a continued effort to strengthen contributions to open-
   source objectives.
The RTD, taking place in the context of large scale experimentation in real
settings, is expected to promote interoperability across heterogeneous
technology domains, facilitate interoperability of solutions across different
scientific and industrial communities, support the creation of standards,
promote economies of scale during the validation phase and achieve broader-
scale up-take of technology across numerous user communities. Involvement
of demanding user communities is crucial.
Work should, where appropriate, enhance, complement and exploit synergies
with the relevant national and international initiatives.




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                83                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Implementation plan
Calls in 2003 an 2004
Two calls for proposals with fixed deadlines are foreseen for 2003 and 2004.
These are open for all instruments but at least 70% of the budget is
expected to be devoted to the new instruments Integrated Projects
and Networks of Excellence.
In addition, one Call for continuous submission is foreseen for the FET open
scheme. Details on the iplmentation of this call are given in the paragraph
3.1.24 , in the FET section.
The indicative timetable of the fixed deadline calls for proposals based on the
WP2003-2004 is as follows:
Fixed deadline:
-   Call 1 drawing mainly on 2003 budget - opening 1/12 2002, closing 24/4
    2003 – would have an indicative budget of around 850 MEuro.
-   Call 2 on 2004 budget – opening 15/6 2003, closing 15/10 2003 – would
    have an indicative budget of around 850 MEuro.
-   A third call is also foreseen for 2004 with a more limited budget than the
    two first calls. The details of this call will be part of the first update of the
    Workprogramme. It will draw on the 2005 budget .
Continuous submission:
-   Only for the FET open scheme. Call open in December 2002 and ending in
    December 2004.
The table below presents the calls, the objectives that are open in each call
and the type of instruments that are foreseen.




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                    84                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
                                                         Call 1       Call 2       Continuou
                                                         ~850         ~850         s
                                                         M€           M€
                                                                                   STRPs,
                                                         2003         2004         SSA, CA
                                                         budget       budget

                                                         All          All
                                                         instrument   instrument
                                                         s            s
Pushing the limits of CMOS, preparing for post-              X
CMOS
Microsystems                                                 X
Broadband Access for All                                     X
Mobile and wireless systems beyond 3G                        X
Towards a global dependability and security                  X
framework
Multimodal Interfaces                                        X
Semantic-based knowledge systems                             X
Networked audio-visual systems and home                      X
platforms
Networked organisations, businesses and governments          X
e Safety of road and air transport                           X
eHealth                                                      X
Technology-enhanced learning and access to                   X
cultural heritage
Advanced displays                                                         X
Optical, opto-electronic, photonic functional                             X
components
Embedded systems                                                          X
Open development platforms for software and                               X
services
Cognitive systems                                                         X
Applications and Services for the Mobile User and                         X
worker
Cross-media content for leisure and entertainment                         X
GRID-based Systems and solving complex problems                           X
Improving Risk management                                                 X
eInclusion                                                                X
                                        8
Services and Product engineering 2010                                     X
FET proactive                                                X            X


8
    The subject of a coordinated call with priority 3


IST priority; WP 2003-2004                          85                             draft v160902 - 16/09/02
FET open                                   X
RN                                X




IST priority; WP 2003-2004   86       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Evaluation and Selection criteria
A number of evaluation criteria are common to all the programmes of the
Sixth Framework Programme and are set out in the European Parliament and
the Council Regulations on the Rules for Participation (Article 10).
The work programme defines, in accordance with the type of instruments
deployed or the objectives of the RTD activity, how the criteria set out in the
rules for participation will be applied. It determines any particular
interpretations of the criteria to be used for evaluation and any weights and
thresholds to be applied to the criteria.
As each instrument has its own distinct character and its own distinct role to
play in implementing the programmes, each instrument has its own distinct
basic set of evaluation criteria, organised into blocks. These are explained in
Annexes 2 to 8 of the Workprogramme and will apply in a similar way to all
strategic objectives with the exception of the FET open scheme. The
selection criteria for the FET open scheme are provide as a separate set.
The calls‘ ―Fiches‖ provided also in annex define the weighting and thresholds
that will be used for the different instruments in the strategic objectives that
are foreseen in each call.




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                87                        draft v160902 - 16/09/02
ANNEX 1: INSTRUMENTS
(To be added later)




IST priority; WP 2003-2004   88   draft v160902 - 16/09/02
ANNEX 2 : EVALUATION CRITERIA

(to be completed later..)




IST priority; WP 2003-2004      89   draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Annex 3: Call fiches (to be completed later)


Liste des éléments à inclure dans la fiche « appel »

1) Programme spécifique:
2) Activité/domaine thématique
3) N° identifiant :
4) Date de publication :
5) Date de clôture :
6) Budget total disponible (indicatif) :
7) Restriction à la participation : [types d‘organisation/type d‘activité/pays
tiers]
8) Critères A (167) :
                              [note éliminatoire – x/y]    [coefficient]
[critère A2]                  [note éliminatoire – x/y]    [coefficient]
[critère An]                  [note éliminatoire – x/y]    [coefficient]

9) Critères B (programme de travail) :
    [critère B1]        [développements]
[critère B2]              [note éliminatoire – x/y]       [coefficient]
[critère Bn]              [note éliminatoire – x/y]       [coefficient]




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 90                         draft v160902 - 16/09/02
    10) Descriptif/contenu de l‘appel : [texte complet ou référence à des points
    du Programme de travail – e.g. I.A.1.c)

    [11) Domaines, critères, nombre de participants et budget par instruments :
    (exemple)
Instruments     Domaines         Critères A       Critères B         Nbre de               Budget
                                                                  participants            indicatif
Réseaux        Tous             A1, A4, An       Néant           5, dont 3 EM
d‘excellence                                                     ou AS
                                                                 différents           X Mio EUROS
Projets        Tous             A1, A2, An       B1, B2          3 EM ou AS
intégrés
Projets de
recherche
                                                    Pas sollicité
spécifique
ciblée
Actions de        I.B.1.a)       A1, An            Bn               3 EM ou AS        X Mio EUROS
coordination      I.B.1.c)




    IST priority; WP 2003-2004                91                       draft v160902 - 16/09/02
Glossary
IPs             Integrated projects
NoEs            Networks of Excellence
STRPs           Specific Targeted Research Projects
CA              Coordination actions
SSA             Specific Support Actions
…..
To be
completed




IST priority; WP 2003-2004                 92         draft v160902 - 16/09/02

				
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