Soviet politics Political Constitution of the Soviet Union under Article VI of the Soviet Union, Soviet Communist Party and its 20 million members is the country&#39;s center of government. Factories and collective farms have each set up Party branches. The core of the system of the Soviet Union Communist Party Central Committee. After the Stalin era, in order to avoid concentration of power in the hands of the Soviet Communist Party to implement the principle of collective leadership, who can control a majority of the Central Committee, who will be able to control the party and state leadership. Party Political Bureau member belonging to the State of the privileged class. They enjoy specialized medical care, can go to special stores for duty-free imports of cheap Western luxury goods, live on state-provided apartments and villas, a dedicated team and a dedicated fast lane in middle of the road, there is a dedicated hunting forest the beach area and convalescence. Their children can easily join the party, into the international relations institute such a famous college and in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade Department and foreign embassies to find the best work in these places. This class also includes the military, KGB&#39;s chiefs, and leading officials of the former republics. Inferior class for the factory manager, bank manager, local leaders and the party branch secretary of this figure. They control the distribution of goods and local privileges. Ordinary people in Stalin&#39;s times the minimum standard of living. This is the situation at home and abroad, and then the Soviet Union. Khrushchev, the Soviet Union and the United States launched a peace and improving living standards of the competition, began to improve people&#39;s lives. Brezhnev proposed a &quot;National Party&quot;, &quot;National State&quot; concept, the domestic political struggle is no longer involved in the general population, and improve people&#39;s living standards. Government to provide free medical care and free education. Rent is very cheap, only a few rubles a month, which includes heating costs, telephone charges and water charges. Many people can go to the Black Sea resort, or led government subsidies in the nursing home recuperating. This is the concept of the Soviet-style welfare state. Although not many consumer goods to sell, but prices are relatively low. But the Nordic welfare state with different welfare policies and the Soviet Union&#39;s economic foundation is not strong as its financial security, and therefore the post-Brezhnev era of economic difficulties. Constitution of the Soviet Union has provided a guarantee for employment, so people do not think to go to work can not. Corruption, theft, and the widespread phenomenon of appropriation of state property, bribery has become a trend, the production efficiency is low. The latter part of the Brezhnev era is known as the Soviet Union&#39;s &quot;stagnation&quot; and &quot;rigid period.&quot; Struggle within the party after Stalin adopted a more civilized manner. Failure is no longer executed, but Zuoqian to remote areas as insignificant positions. The dissidents also no longer take physical elimination of the measures, but depending on the level of its influence, to take off into exile abroad or special psychiatric hospital punishment. Political prisoners in the general population is the same as criminal offenders to prison and labor camps. KGB is the Soviet reign of terror &quot;KGB&quot; a synonym, which has more than 70 million employees, and almost an equal number of informants. KGB infiltration of the forces in the country to various levels and various departments. In fact, &quot;KGB&quot; Now the word has become synonymous with secret police, reign of terror. Soviet politics in the mid eighties the twentieth century, Mikhail Gorbachev as general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union after the significant changes proposed by Gorbachev to reform and new thinking, trying to fundamentally examine the use of new ideas the socialist road, and left out of the Soviet Union, Stalin mode all unreasonable heritage. Gorbachev in the Soviet Communist Party Central Committee in 1987 report of the plenary session in January that &quot;the essence of reform is to combine socialism and democracy,&quot; &quot;comprehensive social democratization&quot; of the Soviet Union, &quot;a program change the existing political system&quot;; purpose of the reform is to &quot;socialism with the most modern forms of social organization, most fully revealed the humanitarian nature of our system.&quot; July 1990 twenty-eight by the Soviet Communist Party &quot;programmatic statement&quot;: &quot;to the humane and democratic socialism.&quot; Is generally believed that Gorbachev&#39;s political thought is very close with the democratic socialism, and in principle abandons Stalinism. With the Soviet Union, Gorbachev&#39;s political reforms ultimately failed, but it marked the final out of the Soviet Communist Party&#39;s shackles of Stalinism, and the reality of socialist countries for other political reforms can learn from the lessons learned . During its existence the Soviet Union, a strong military power, is the only World War II in the world to compete against countries the United States, 1988, the Soviet Red Army&#39;s total strength to reach 5.13 million (excluding security and internal security forces). Soviet armed forces top leadership of Soviet Central, the Supreme Soviet and Council of Ministers. Introduction of universal compulsory military service, the Navy three years, other branches of the military for 2 years. Soviet divided into five military services: Army, Navy, Air Force, Defense Force while the Soviet strategic rocket forces, border guards and Interior Ministry forces formed. Warsaw Pact, the Soviet Union was a founding member of the former East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Mongolia and other countries have troops stationed. In Vietnam, Cuba and some other Asian and African and Latin American countries are also stationed in the military or military advisers and technicians. In the Brezhnev era, Soviet Union, the implementation of foreign policy of expansion, in addition to the Eastern European Group and of Mongolia, the again in Vietnam, South Yemen, Cuba, Angola, Ethiopia and other countries into the Soviet camp, or to establish military bases in these countries. Brezhnev made a &quot;limited sovereignty&quot; that the socialist state&#39;s sovereignty is limited, and he proposed this theory in fact is to deny the sovereignty of other socialist countries, the other countries into the Soviet client states. 1980 Moscow Olympics as the Soviet Union was a socialist showcase to the world, but because of the invasion of Afghanistan, has become the largest ever against an Olympic country. In 1985, the Communist Party Mikhail Gorbachev took office, the reformist figures. He changed a lot of stereotypes of old concepts. Gorbachev tried to improve the political and economic governance methods, internal reform and open policy of liquidation of the historical errors. He tried to build in the Soviet Union, &quot;a democratic and humane socialism.&quot; On the other hand, the reforms he has brought unexpected results. With the decentralization of central power, the republic&#39;s leaders began to seek greater autonomy. With the &quot;open&quot; and more in-depth, historical issues and the history of the Soviet Communist Party&#39;s crimes will be exposed at the same time, leading to loss of popular support. In particular, in 1989, the communist political and economic aspects of the total accumulated error occurred the outbreak of the Communist Party and its political objectives increasingly unpopular in Eastern Europe, Eastern European countries, the fall of the communist regime. Soviet Union, Eastern European countries to follow the Government have the intention of independence from the Soviet Union. August 19, 1991, the Soviet Communist Party in the conservative launched a failed coup attempt to recover the powers delegated to the republics, while termination of unsuccessful economic reforms. But in people, the army and most of the members of the joint Soviet opposition, the coup only 3 days it failed to maintain. Russian President Boris Yeltsin ordered the Soviet Union declared an illegal organization, and to limit its activities in the Soviet Union. In late 1991, he and the president of Belarus and Ukraine in Belarus capital Minsk signed an agreement setting up Commonwealth of Independent States, the Commonwealth with a similar structure to replace the Soviet Union. Other countries have joined the Soviet response, leaving the Soviet Union, the Soviet Union at this time existed in name only. December 25, 1991, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev announced his resignation, the state handed over power to the Russian President. In 1991, the Kremlin&#39;s red quietly down, the red rings in the stage of the rise of great powers carved the 74 laps. The Soviet Union as a sovereign nation officially ceased to exist. In the former Soviet Union, now distributed in 15 independent countries, these countries are: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia and Moldova. One addition to the three Baltic countries abroad formed the &quot;Commonwealth of Independent States&quot;, that the CIS.