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CHAPTER I.doc TOEFL

VIEWS: 34 PAGES: 7

									                                       CHAPTER I
                                 INTRODUCTION


A. Baground


       Today more than 6,000 colleges, universities, and licensing agencies in 110
countries accept TOEFL scores as admission. Different colleges and universities have
different score demands. If we want to study in one of the most popular and respected
establishment. To prepare to the test well, test-takers have to practice reading,
complete many written assignments, papers and projects, and also deliver oral
presentations, since all the skills tested on the TOEFL are real skills which we will
need in our future studying and career in English-speaking society.


       In this paper I attempt to offer some ways to improve our listening in learning
toefl, 10 Tips to Improve TOEFL Essays, and 4 easy trick to get score 110 in toefl.


B. Purpose

       My purpose in compiling this paper is that students know how we improve our
listening in toefl. And after read this paper I hope we can learn toefl with easyly, so
we get high score in learning toefl.




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                                   CHAPTER II
                                   DISCUSSION


1. HOW TO IMPROVE ENGLISH SKILLS FOR TOEFL TEST




1.1 Improve our listening for TOEFL


       To complete TOEFL listening, a test-taker should know well how English
words sound.Listen more speech spoken by real human native speakers To know what
English words sound like, use dictionaries with audio addition Learn to recognize
English words while listening to To remember words better, read them in context


1.2 Improve our writing for TOEFL


       Learn the words and expressions we will need for TOEFL essays Read and
practice writing words in use (in context) Practice spelling words and test our spelling
Improve our memory for English words


1.3 Improve our speaking for TOEFL
        Listen more speech spoken by real human native speakers Practice delivering
conversation by ourself Learn how we can remember English words easily Be
confident while speaking


1.4 Test ourself Improve our reading for TOEFL


       Practice our English everywhere Read newspapers, advertisements, signboards
Practice English accent and reduce our native oneImprove our reading Communicate
more easily Have the English confidence to take the TOEFL test.




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2.1 10 Tips to Improve TOEFL Essays

           There are many ways to improve our TOEFL writing, and a lot of these don't
involve studying at all. Here's our top ten list:


2.1.1 Ans wer the question


           Our grammar may be perfect and our ideas may be great. Even so, if we don't
answer the TOEFL question, none of that matters. If the question asks for our opinion,
be sure to write about what we think--don't write about what other people think. On
the other hand, if the question is about what other people think or do, don't write about
ourself.


2.1.2 Use short and simple sentences


           Good writers can express complex ideas in a very simple way. If we are able
to do this, we will demonstrate strong writing skills. More importantly, short and
simple sentences mean fewer grammatical mistakes.


2.1.3 Give our essays a beginning, middle, and end


           Learn the TOEFL essay structure. Our essay should have an introduction, a
body, and a conclusion. This structure helps organize your thoughts and makes it
easier for readers to understand.


2.1.4 Have a thesis statement


           The thesis statement is the most important sentence in the essay. It is last
sentence in the first paragraph (the introduction), and it tells the reader exactly what
our opinion is. Not writing a thesis statement is one of the biggest mistakes we can
make.




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2.1.5 Use topic sentences


          A topic sentence is the first sentence of each paragraph in the essay's body. It
gives the reader two things:
    1. a summary of what will be in the paragraph,
    2. one reason that supports our thesis statement.


2.1.6 Learn the conditionals: first, second, and third


          Learning the conditionals may actually help we more than studying the tenses.
Conditionals are especially useful when expressing opinions and giving reasons, two
things that we must do in the TOEFL independent writing tasks.
Each conditional, however, has a slightly different meaning. This depends on reality,
possibility, and time. Learn how to use the conditionals, and practice them often. Not
using the conditionals correctly is one of the most common mistakes in TOEFL
essays.


2.1.7 Never begin a sentence with a conjunction


          The words and, but, and because are all conjunctions. In English, we only use
conjunctions to connect sentences--we almost never begin a sentence with one.
.
2.1.8 Learn how to use the comma (,) in Englis h


          Using the comma correctly will bring our writing to life. The good news is that
many languages use the comma. The bad news is that the rules for using the comma
are often different in each language! Learn the rules for using them in English-- it will
make our writing much easier to understand.


2.1.9 Use the active voice


          There are two "voices" in English: active and passive. Here they are:




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  ACTIVE:        Cats eat birds.

  PASSIVE: Birds are eaten by cats.

The active voice is much stronger than the passive voice. Use the active voice as
much as possible.


2.1.10 Use transitional words and phrases


        Transitional words and phrases make our writing easier to understand. They
connect ideas and present them to the reader in a logical order. Here are some
examples: First of all..., In addition..., More importantly..., In closing..., In
conclusion....


3.1   4 easy trick to score 110 in toefl


        Scoring at least a 110 for Testing of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
is not an impossible task. We simply need to start preparing early by first coming up
with an effective study plan that will help we ace the test on our first try. But what
exactly is the most effective way to prepare for our TOEFL? Read on for 4 easy tricks
to score well for our TOEFL test.


3.1.1 Choose the best TOEFL self-help guides for us


        If we are unfamiliar with TOEFL, it's important that we start becoming
familiar with the test questions and structure. The best way to achieve this is simply
by practising. Although this step might sound easy, we might initially feel
overwhelmed by the sheer number of TOEFL self- help guides available these days.
We can choose to get self- help books, CD-ROMs and even tapes. Don't be easily
swayed by advertising or nice covers. Take some time to think about which met hod
will best help we absorb information. For example, if we get motion sickness easily
from reading books on the bus or train, we might want to consider getting tapes so we
can listen to them when we are travelling from one place to the other.




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3.1.2   Consider enrolling in a preparation course


        Taking up a TOEFL preparation course will definitely cost a lot more than
simply getting some self- help guides. However, the help given during our prep course
is generally more effective and valuable. This is because we'll have the opportunity to
personally raise any doubts or questions we have regarding a particular question.
However, before immediately signing up for the cheapest prep course in town, ensure
that our teacher is familiar with the TOEFL test and he or she ca n explain answers to
difficult questions in a way that we can understand. Consider asking the school for
permission to observe the class before signing up.


3.1.3   Learn some strategies to save time


We will see such similar answer choices often in TOEFL:
3.2 to destroy
3.3 destroying
3.4 destroyed
3.5 was destroyed


        When we see such a question, take note that 90% of the time, the answer is
either B or C. Since TOEFL generally tests on active voice (- ing form) and passive
voice (form), when we see both -ed form and - ing form in a set of answer choices, the
answer is highly likely to be one of the two. That is only one of the many strategies
we can find out either from our prep course, or from intense practices.


3.1.4   Ask ourself if it sounds right


        Everyone has the ability to think in real language without using our voice.
That means that we can have a conversation in our mind as if the words have real
sound. Our mind reacts to this virtual sound, not to grammar rules. In other words, we
will be able to tell if a certain sentence sounds right simply by thinking it out loud.


        Knowing this fact will come in very handy when you are stumped by a
question. Consider taking turns substituting the choices given into the sentence and


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see if it sounds right. If it sounds good, more often than not,we have found the correct
answer.


          Although employing these four simple tricks will go far in helping you get
beyond 110 for your TOEFL test, keep in mind that regular practice will always
remain the key factor in acing any test.




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