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Peony Culture

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									Peony Culture


?Six Poems Related Peony
Peony Xue Tao
Scattered late spring to spring, the tears wet Hung 笺 resentment leave. Often fear
they scattered with Wu Gorge, why have Wuling of weight?
Teaser to the fragrance of each was not English should know each other. For only the
bar side of safety pillow mat, busy night, said a total of Acacia.
Peony Li Xiaoguang
Merry pull so rich London, flowers Dishou worship Fang dust. Draw bar embroidered
tent Wai Hong Yu, Yun Jin-xia chang Juan Chui Yin.
Days is all to greatness in the colorless state for neighbor. Were difficult to cultivate
flowers from, co-payments Heavenly million cups of spring.
Luoyang Peony Xiu
Luoyang Land of Flowers is best, Peony particularly strange world.
Bai Qing Ping transfer (Tang)
A sprig of red dew, clouds and rain much for anyone heartbroken Wushan. By Han
officials who have asked similar, poor Chebi rely red makeup.
Question Yubi Peony Wang Guowei (clear)
Mosque when the makeup actually Western, East China Hong cherry luxury country.
Reading the world doing Daqian spring, Peony Zhonggu is Kao.
White Peony and Wei (Tang)
The new makeup of Mo Gui jealous wife, Mo powder surface ashamed Fu Lang. On
last night according to deep watery, the only entry of a court in Hong feel.
Xi Peony Bai (Tang)
Pre-order Red Peony melancholy, late to only two residues. Wind should Chui Jin
Ming, Xi bad night red fire watch.
Peony Planting Lu (Song)
Brought under the hoe court changtae, purple ink hand from planting. I Longzhong
over 80, died still see a few back open.
Mu Dan Tang Pi Rixiu
Can Hong shed all started vomiting Fang, Jia Ming Huan Wang for flowers. Jing Yan
boasts unparalleled in the world, the independent world first in Hong.
Peony LI Zheng-fan Tang Poetry
State color toward intoxicated liquor, Fantasy Night Ran Yi. Dan King Chun Yung
drunk, the moonlight and return date.
Tour Peony Tang Liu Yuxi
Pretrial Peony Lattice demon, Ikegami Fuqu net less love. Only true national color
peony flowering season move the capital.
Red Peony Tang Wei
Green Yan leisure and quiet, deep-red light complex. Fa worry Yu Duan, Spring
turned out heart.
Tour Peony Tang Xu Ning
Who does not love peony, representing a good thing off the city of China. Ying is the
goddess for Luochuan, 1000 Johnson 10 000 glow state broken.
  Legend of Seven Peony
Bicuculline legend: in ancient times, in Luoyang City, about 200 miles southeast, has
named Yu Chau states, there is a small town west of the state, under the name of the
temple. Here, surrounded by mountains, scenery, and a wonderful custom: Once
engagement of young men and women, the woman must be sent by hand to a
man's purse embroidered mandarin duck, the meaning of which is
self-evident. If the set of child marriages, they have the woman's sister or
neighborhood home interlude embroidered on behalf of an older sister who brought,
as a lifelong keepsake. Town there lived a beautiful girl named Jade Maiden. Nu
Yoshitoshi 18, ingenuity, innate intelligence, skillful weaving, embroidery, especially
embroidery on the pockets of various floral patterns, often provoke bees and
butterflies actually off the top, shows the depth of skill. Such a good girl, who
naturally put the pro-racking the threshold, but were politely refused the girl his
family 11. The original girl in love with their own men, at home also tacitly.
Unfortunately, the guy has been in exile beyond the Great Wall two years, been heard
of, but never get purse. Hope erotic day, every night thinking hard thoughts, they
chatted for a month pocket embroidery a feeling of longing, and 11 branches hanging
in the window of the peony. Over time, the purse string formed into what kind of
people "bleeding-heart" has.
"Liu Shi Ge" the legend: Sui Dynasty, the temple in the Henan
Yu Chau under the Town, there is a place to live Lau family - Liu Museum. There is a
beautiful innocent girl, was born in family of scholars brother, poetry and painting
since childhood, nothing unreasonable, subject relatives and neighbors like it. Then
the parents have passed away, the girl returned with the long Anzuo Guan Chang Ge
Sao came to settle. After the fall of the Sui Dynasty, Gesao have die, leaving her alone
out of pity for a man with nowhere to go, but also and disillusioned, actually made
monk nun. Monks and nuns, the girls will be the original home of the White Peony
courtyard planted into the Anzhong, as a dedication to Buddhism, the meaning of
abstinence. In her careful management, the White Peony looks very lush and beautiful.
1 1000 flowers, flower large Ying Chi, Li pulled up floor, white patch flush, crystal
favor, such as beauty skin, Tong Ziyu surface. Viewers were all praise its beauty, its
good song, so every April, many have come to the Temple worship Xinnv of flower,
and flowers offered to Buddha for the music, incense and more heated. So take from
the "Lau of your home," the hand, hence the name of
"Liu Corner", also known as "Liu Shi
House." Later, this species has spread to Sichuan days Peony Pang, Heze,
Shandong and other places fragrant far and wide.
The legend of Empress Wu and Peony: to Empress Wu when the emperor, and a year
in winter, first to see the snow Court drink, drink in Sclerotium write a song Wu Yan
Shi: Ming Yu on the Court, notice of spring at top speed. Spend the night up to Mo to
be dawn wind. Write a stop, she called the ladies to get burned on the Court, to report
Flora knows. After burning Dahir, frightened fairy flowers. The next day, in addition
to Peony, the other flowers opened. Empress Wu did not see the Peony open, furious,
under a fire will burn as the focus of public peony gray. And pull out the roots
elsewhere Peony, demoted from Chang'an, Luoyang still to Mangshan.
Luoyang Mang Shan Plateau staggered, remote desolate. Empress Wu will be thrown
into Luoyang Peony Mangshan, wishing peony species. Who knows Peony in
Luoyang Mangshan doing well, people have come to watch Peony.
"Rolls of the book" The Legend: the Ming Dynasty, Anhui
Bozhou have a scholar, also known as Au stroke cloud, the word bitter book. This is
the birth and courtiers, because after the family's deteriorating gradually
decline, very poor. However, scholars unwilling to fate, but do not want to depend on
others, determined to obtain "fame", shine fathers, did not
realize that year after year get the job. One kind-hearted man told him:
"epigenetic foundation too bad, need reading thousands of books, can only
sense the God of heaven and earth move. So he asked to copy all day, learning more
than the text. But poor family, the paper they are too expensive, only the copy an
article on the walls and doors. day he tired in the room was stuffy, it came to gaining
the backyard. saw backyard Na Zhu Cong for many years without flowering peony,
flower Fan Ye Mao, pleasantly surprised, then suddenly whim, to return indoors, take
autumn slab, and will copy the article in the peony petals, to spend on behalf of the
paper. but the good President who pass here to see this scene, called the peony as the
"rolls of the book." This may be moved " Flora,
"the following year, Ouyang stroke really in the cloud" of lifts.
"
"Bad Huang Liu," The Legend: In ancient times, near Luoyang,
a young man, named Liu names Dan Pavilion. His childhood love of flowers such as
obsession, and flowers into the addiction, in all flowers among, in particular, good
peonies, planted behind the house a number of former army and peony flowers.
However, because he was particularly good flower seeds, is often naughty hit show.
He was very angry every time he caught those who were mild cases, a fine crafts noon,
while in the next few dozen plates. Therefore, the local urchins would give him a
nickname called "bad Liu." Over time this will be replaced
gradually spread his name, became the "name." Speaking of
"bad Liu," The flowers really extraordinary skill, he planted
hundreds of peony plants, flowers large Seyan variety. Year he cultivated a golden
peony, its color over the "Yao Huang," public neighbors,
amazing, rich people with gold and silver Xiangqiu. Very rare yellow peony time, he
will be a lot of breeding, sometimes harsh kind of far and near rush to become a trend.
After this people will take the name "bad Liu yellow", which
name was included in the book, handed down.
  8 Peony Culture
Peony is China's inherent specialty flowers, thousands of years of natural
growth and artificial cultivation of over two thousand years of history. The flowers
large, shaped the United States, Se Yan, Shannon, praise for the ages by people with
high ornamental and medicinal value of plants from the Qin to drug loading,
"Shen Nong's Herbal Classic" before, scattered in
various ancient dynasties who lack the paper. Formed a color including botany,
horticulture, medicine, geography, literature, art, folklore and other disciplines,
including peony culture, science, culture and folklore of the Chinese nation a part of
the full body of Chinese Civilization of a cell, through it, provides insight into the
general characteristics of Chinese culture, this is the "cultural
holographic" phenomenon.
Peony cultural origin, from the "Book of Songs" Peony into
poetry, counting some 3,000 years ago. Qin and Han to medicinal plants will Peony in
"Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing", Peony has entered the pharmacy.
Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Northern Qi YANG Zi-hua painting Peony,
Peony has entered the realm of art. Historical records, Emperor built in Luoyang
Xiyuan, Chao world into the rocks, flowers, easy to Peony 20 states into the box,
implanted in the Xiyuan, since then, Peony into the royal garden, involved in
horticulture. Tang, peony poem in large numbers, Liu Yuxi's
"only true country Peony color, bloom season, moving the
capital," popular; Li Bai's "cloud to flower her face,
brush spring dew threshold of concentration," eternal Masterpiece. Song
Dynasty, in addition to poetry in large numbers outside Peony, Peony monographs
have appeared, such as Ouyang Xiu's "Luoyang
Peony,"          Lu's          "Heaven          Peng      Peony
spectrum," Qiu Jun's "Peony Chi honor,"
Zhang Bangji's "Chen states Peony mind "and so on.
Yuan Yao then the "order Peony", Ming Gao Lian of
"Peony spectrum," Jin Wang as a "Kwan Fong
spectrum",         Xuefeng       Xiang      of    "Peony         Bozhou
History", Qing Wang Hao has "broad spectrum
Qun-Fang", Suyu Mei the "CAO South Peony
spectrum," Yu Peng for "Caozhou Peony spectrum",
etc.. Miscellaneous scattered all ages, collected works of poetry Wenbin peony, peony
and stepping all over the folk legends, as well as sculptures, carvings, paintings,
music, theater, fashion, living, food, etc. Peony cultural phenomenon, not uncommon.
After the liberation, there is considerable development of peony cultivation, peony
culture was gradually to take, there has been a large number of research workers and
experts Peony.
Peony culture more compatible with science, which constitute a very broad, which
includes philosophy, religion, literature, art, education, customs, feelings and all other
cultural fields. Peony Culture provides cultural information, may reflect a basic
overview of national culture in line with the universe of "holographic
law."
Peony Culture is part of the national culture, compared with other types of culture,
peony culture has its: (a) than a thick biology (2) than a thick pharmacological
characteristics of (c) Horticultural characteristics than the thick (d ) than the aesthetic
characteristics of thick (5) than the literary characteristics of thick (six) than strong
country flavor (7) thick rich sense of (8) strong aftertaste of life (9) thick atmosphere
of life (10) strong tourism atmosphere and so on.
Peony Culture is the combination of spiritual and material product development from
the ancient and modern history of peony is the case, Peony development in the
prosperity, peace and prosperity Hi Peony, Peony culture so. "Country has
become prosperous when the flowers become prosperous," History proved
this once again the profound philosophy.
Historically, the ancient capital of Luoyang peony is the largest, best, there are two
types of traditional names, the name of an open yellow Yao Huang, Wei the name of
another purple violet, has been passed down to this day. "Luoyang Peony
world without," Luoyang Peony has been set for the flower, and determine
the annual April 15 - 25 for "Luoyang Peony." Whenever new
developments during the period, Chinese and foreign visitors to the cluster, Dramas
Kao.
 Nine foreign Peony
Not only is the Chinese people love peony flowers, but also cherished by the peoples
of the world.
Currently, Japan, France, Britain, the United States, Italy, Australia, Singapore, Korea,
the Netherlands, beat, Canada more than 20 countries have peony cultivation. Among
them, Japan, France, Britain, the United States and other countries of the peony
garden varieties and cultivation had the highest.
In fact, overseas peony garden variety, originally came from China. As early as AD
724-749, the Chinese peony into Japan, is said to be brought in by the monk Kukai.
From 1330 to 1851 between France introduced a great deal of Chinese peony
breeding, developed many horticultural varieties. In 1656, the Dutch East bream
please register please register please register will introduce the revolutionary history
of blue peony, 1789, the introduction of British Sign Hill Park, please register please
register Peony, Chinese Peony so spread in Europe, up more than 100 horticultural
varieties . In 1880, the French to China for breeding of wild yellow peony, in 1980, a
group of yellow lines bred varieties, and later introduced to Japan and other countries.
In the United States in 1820-1830 was introduced to China from the Chinese tree
peony cultivars and wild species, was cultivating a black flower peony varieties. In
the U.S., many national forest park are planted with peony and peony.
United Kingdom Kew Gardens is a collection of more varieties of the
world's Peony Park, one of the special class, including China, many of the
old varieties and new birth of the world today many horticultural varieties.
Peony cultivation area of the most widely overseas, the largest number of neighboring
Japan, a country should be recommended. Japan is the world most affected by
Chinese culture, one of the countries, Japanese Peony's treasure second
only to Chinese. So many towns in Japan planting peony, Peony Garden, such as Abe
in Tokyo, Nara Hase Temple, stone-ji, sukagawa Peony Garden, Okayama Peony
Garden, the new master of the West well Peony Garden, the Department of
Horticulture, Chiba University, Peony Park, Shimane more than 20 Chinese Peony
Garden, etc., up to 300 local horticultural varieties. There Golden Pavilion, Jindi, gold
Sapporo, Jinyang, Kao, sun, early island, white lion, flower Minister, the peak of Fuji,
Kamada vine, 8000 on behalf of the child, nightfall and so on. Well, according to Xiao
Xi stained with the "Peony and Peony," a book written: 312
kinds of varieties available in Japan, where Japan's improved species of
211 kinds. Especially in the winter flowering Japanese breed of "cold
Peony" alerted the world horticulture.
Shandong Agricultural University, Professor Yu Heng, in his book
"Peony", a book wrote: "The Peony Garden planted
in foreign countries also used the plant up to 2 meters in height, flower diameter up to
20-30 cm, every late spring summer, flowers bloom, gigantic, delicate fragrance, the
highest ranks the masses, though far from the homeland, but also a great one
'Kao' of style. "
  10 the difference between Peony and Chinese Peony
1, the most fundamental distinction: Peony is able to grow to 2 meters large woody
plants, peony is little more than 1 meter (perennial tubers) herbs.
2, Peony earlier than the flowering stage. Peony usually mid to late flowering in 4,
while the peony is in bloom in mid-May on. Difference between the two flowering
about 15 days.
3, peony leaf width, slightly positive green green yellow and peony leaves narrow,
front and back are dark green;
4, peony flowers were born in squid to the top, and more solitary. Flower diameter
normally is about 20 cm; and peony flowers more than the top family health branch.
Flower diameter of 15 centimeters.
5, peony is called Kao. Peony flower is called phase.
6, partial gray green leaf peony, peony leaves are more shiny.
7, Peony rich colors than the peony.
Take identification from
Flowers are an important basis for identification of species. Peony and other flowers
as the main features of focus on the Corolla, the wish to differentiate varieties of first
see corolla.
From the flowers on the sub-
Peony three 12-type classification. That unicuspid class, petals, heavy platform class.
Unicuspid type, lotus, chrysanthemum-type, rose type, care Gui type, Circle type,
crown type, Hydrangea type of Cabinet-type chrysanthemum, rose Taiwan cabinet
type, Crown Court station type, Hydrangea Taiwan cabinet type. Type can be
summarized as the last four of Cabinet Type: Single flower petals overlap by the two
made. Classified as "Chrysanthemum stack", "Rose
stack", "Crown stack", "Hydrangea
stack." Such as "fiery saver", "Kunshan
luminous", "dawei Purple," "Purple heavy
floor" and so on.
From the colors on the points
Peony to eight-color system is known, such as White's
"luminous white," blue "Lan Tianyu," red
"fiery saver", the purple ink, "kind of black
students," purple, "the first case of red", green
"green beans", pink "Zhao powder,"
yellow      "Yao         Huang."      There      are     color   Queer
"Joe", "Jiao Rong three changes" and so
on, also in the same color in different shades of shades too.
From the flavor on the sub-
General white peony and more fragrant, purple with a strong fragrance, yellow
powder with a fragrant, as long as the "smell their fragrance and
you'll spend" a.
Identification from the leaf
Peony leaf 3 2 replies leaf. Because of the different varieties, there were leaves that to
the shape, width, thickness, color and different. "The Great Recreational
Sports" leaves, round and thick, flat leaves and more. Such as
"ink throwing" big leaf shapes and long, but relatively narrow
leaflets, thin texture, is light to carry out or sag. Such as the "champion
Red" whole leaf medium size, long oval leaflets, missing more and more
sharp edges, roll up and leaves Xieshen. Such as "green beans"
suction      surface      with      a    layer     of    white      fluff.    Such      as
"big-brown-purple" leaf color purple and red.
To distinguish from the branches on
This approach is the way through the plant type and different varieties of branching.
Peony tufted shrubs, because of different species, their plant type and branching in
different ways.
Vertical: branch opening angle is small, standing up, internode length, growing strong,
tall    plants     plexus,      such     as    "Luoyang         Red",
"" Peach Li Zengyan "and so on.
To carry out Type: branch opening angle, extending to the surrounding, low plant type.
Such      as     "a       product     Zhuyihe",        "Zhao
powder" and so on.
Semi-conduct type: between between the two types, such as "fat
red", "Lan Tianyu," and so on.
Single branch in a manner sub-branch type and arbuscular type.
Single-branch type: Current year shoot between the longer, with fewer new shoots,
the buds in early spring the following year, pumping fat into a branch, plant height,
shoot thinning, such as "Yao Huang," "powder 2
Joe" and so on.
Arbuscular type: Current year shoot between the short, new buds and the hair sticks
and more strong. Can then form a clustered-like spur, strains of the tree density. Such
as "Ge towel Purple," "Miss Sarah Ying Wang
name," and so on.
Recognition from the bud
Different varieties of peony, its bud form and color are not the same bud.
"Luoyang Spring" bud tip and round; "cinnabar
base" was narrow, pointed buds; "Dragon lying ink
tank," the bud tip and the hook, as if olecranon. The bud color is even more
extensive: "Flowers jealous" of the bud is yellow-green;
"fat red" of the buds are green; "ink
Quebec" for the dark purple buds. Bud and flower color have some
relevance, bud color depth who has a deep color; bud light color who have light
colors.
Recognition from the fruit
Generally solid and strong, carpel-like radiation was ordered opening round of the
species, mostly single clove and semi-double flower varieties, such as "like
golden lotus", "Feng Dan" and so on. Low seed set
and fruit into a rosette-shaped, mostly double flower varieties from the floor, such as
"two Joe", "Cinnabar base" and so on.
Differentiate from the root
Peony root are also differences between the species as an aid. Roots of some varieties
of small capillary root, root thickness is uniform, such as "Ge towel
purple." Other species have more capillary roots, Peng was like, such as
"Miss Sarah Ying Wang name," most of the varieties of the root
is white, yellow and white, red white, while the "first case of
red," the root was purple, to recognize the importance of this species one
of the bases.
2, Department of peony
Red flower series: such as "embroidered peach",
"flat top red", "Jin red satin",
"Wood Red" and "competition to",
"Future is Now" and so on.
Department of green flowers: such as "green screen",
"beryl",          "Green        Hong       ball",
"Lotus Green," "spring water green wave"
and so on.
Department of blue flowers: such as "Tsurumi Blue,"
"Crystal        Blue",     "nutation      Blue",
"peaks", "Hyacinth Quebec" and so on.
Department of purple flowers: such as "purple ling,"
"purple flower vine," "Stick Sheng Zi",
"thin leaf Purple", "purple ball," and so
on.
Pink flower series: such as "100 Park, seeking the prize,"
"Peach Blossom met cream," "Regard",
"Powder          Joe,"      "Jade        Lotus,"
"Jade Pool Spring".
Department of white flowers: such as "white jade plate,"
"purple             white,"          "velvet,"
"Xiangyu", "White Goose", etc..
Black Flower series: such as "Black Courtesan,"
"Black Caesar King", "Yao Chi Yan Mo,"
"Mexican House Zhenghui", "black jade world
crown," and so on.
Department of yellow flowers: such as "Yao Huang",
"bronze Yan", "Yellow Crane Ling,"
"species, Wong", "Gold and Jade Line"
and so on.
Flower color complex system: such as "two Joe,"
"Big Leaf Butterfly," "Blue Line boundary
jade," "Fantasy Zhan Lu", "leaflet of the
butterfly," and so on.
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