Modern management concepts _NPSTPSFPS_

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					Modern management concepts (NPSTPSFPS)
New production technology (New Production System, NPS), is basically derived from
the Toyota Toyota-style production (Toyota Production System, TPS), known as TPS,
its founders as a Japanese Ohno Chennai. Emphasized that "a stream of
production" (One Piece Flow), to reduce manpower, reduce processing
time and eliminating waste and other improvements. The so-called mode of
production is a stream processing one, check one, send a mode of production, to carry
out production activities.
The so-called "improvement" that is, change the status quo to
become the most well-practices to achieve higher production efficiency and
Activities in the field to improve the biggest problem is that: "Some
people's idea of hard to change, always hold the concept of the traditional
work of the past." Changed people's concept first person to
changes in practice. After changing the way people can change things in practice and
the practice of the machine, etc., and finally be successful.
NPS emphasized, is to continually improve through activities to improve the
enterprise's physical, creating profits, and continuing forever. It is not a
derived from the theory, but by the practice of the skills derived from the cumulative
sum out of the system. Taiichi Ohno himself once said: "TPS has a
practical emphasis on the theoretical analysis, performance and effect of weight in the
process of color."
New manufacturing technology and new production methods and plant improvement
by the practice can be said to have come out of the process system, rather than a
theoretical basis for the first, go find the proof theory of the existence or solution
techniques. So we will NPS viewed as a skill. The so-called kung fu is to emphasize
practical, not just read a book, or see examples of other people's
demonstration will be, must be his hands to himself on the ground under the
plant-wide desire to learn. Do the more natural the more diligent effort.
MIT Professor, Dean of Thoreau, made in Taiwan in a speech on the state the
following observations:
"U.S. and European companies will be two-thirds of research and
development funds spent on top of new products, while one-third of the money will
be used in the production process improvement. Japanese practice just the opposite.
And I think Europe and America is wrong . before the invention of new products is
the most important weapons enterprise competition, but competition is now the focus
is on improving the production process. "
NPS is the best tool to improve the production process, he can be reached in labor
productivity and quality improvement, reduction of defective products, lower costs,
shorten delivery time, space reduction, inventory, production line, especially the
improvement in product inventory.
Cost Doctrine (exclusive business)
Price = Cost + Profit
Price 120
Profit of 20 yuan
Cost 100
Buyer: unscrupulous! Not a little room for haggling.
Seller: I want to earn 20% of the cost, sell you 120! Buying a Whatever.
Price Doctrine
Profit = Price - Cost
Price 100
Profit of 10 per
Cost 90 yuan
Buyer: I only out of 100, otherwise do not buy!
Seller: Cost down some! Can also make some.
Profit doctrine (win-win strategy)
Cost = Price - Profit
Price 100
Profit of 20 yuan
Cost 80
Buyer: Price 100, I bought!
Seller: OK! Sold! Although only sell 100, but still earned 20 yuan, the cost should be
reduced to 80.
Avoid the following seven kinds of waste:
1, wait (idle) waste.
Second, handling of waste.
Third, poor product waste.
4, action waste.
5, processing operation of the waste.
6, inventory waste.
7, production of too many (early) waste.
NPS and TPS to emphasize that "time production" (Just In Time,
JIT), which is what is needed only in the necessary time to produce the necessary
number of necessary items for the target mode of production; without excessive
production or early production . For example, the components in the manufacture of
automobile assembly process, be sure to pre-process the required components, the
necessary amount of time necessary to reach the production line. In the Toyota
production system, the type of components needed and how much the number of
records in two events as "Kanban" hanging card, kanban is sent
by the process after the process before the operator.
In the Toyota production system, Kanban system is supported by the following
measures with the:
First, production smoothing.
Second, the standardization work.
Third, the reduced setup time.
Fourth, to improve activities.
Fifth, the design of machinery and equipment arrangements.
6, automatic.
Kanban system to reach the five principles:
Principle 1: After the process only when necessary, forward the process to obtain the
necessary number of necessary components. JIT production or excessive production
of non-early. 1. If there are no billboards, no lead material; 2. Collar material shall not
exceed the number of the advertisements; 3. Kanban parts or semi-finished products
must be followed.
Principle 2: The former process should only be produced in sufficient quantities to
complement the process after being extracted parts.
Principle 3: bad product never sent after the process.
Principle 4: the use of the number of billboards should be minimized.
Principle 5: Kanban should be used to meet the needs of small-amplitude changes. 1.
Express view version; 2. Emergency billboards; 3. Order Kanban; 4. Contact
Improve a little every day,
Only one thing.