Modern management concepts (NPSTPSFPS) New production technology (New Production System, NPS), is basically derived from the Toyota Toyota-style production (Toyota Production System, TPS), known as TPS, its founders as a Japanese Ohno Chennai. Emphasized that &quot;a stream of production&quot; (One Piece Flow), to reduce manpower, reduce processing time and eliminating waste and other improvements. The so-called mode of production is a stream processing one, check one, send a mode of production, to carry out production activities. ? The so-called &quot;improvement&quot; that is, change the status quo to become the most well-practices to achieve higher production efficiency and effectiveness. ? Activities in the field to improve the biggest problem is that: &quot;Some people&#39;s idea of hard to change, always hold the concept of the traditional work of the past.&quot; Changed people&#39;s concept first person to changes in practice. After changing the way people can change things in practice and the practice of the machine, etc., and finally be successful. ? NPS emphasized, is to continually improve through activities to improve the enterprise&#39;s physical, creating profits, and continuing forever. It is not a derived from the theory, but by the practice of the skills derived from the cumulative sum out of the system. Taiichi Ohno himself once said: &quot;TPS has a practical emphasis on the theoretical analysis, performance and effect of weight in the process of color.&quot; ? New manufacturing technology and new production methods and plant improvement by the practice can be said to have come out of the process system, rather than a theoretical basis for the first, go find the proof theory of the existence or solution techniques. So we will NPS viewed as a skill. The so-called kung fu is to emphasize practical, not just read a book, or see examples of other people&#39;s demonstration will be, must be his hands to himself on the ground under the plant-wide desire to learn. Do the more natural the more diligent effort. ? MIT Professor, Dean of Thoreau, made in Taiwan in a speech on the state the following observations: ? &quot;U.S. and European companies will be two-thirds of research and development funds spent on top of new products, while one-third of the money will be used in the production process improvement. Japanese practice just the opposite. And I think Europe and America is wrong . before the invention of new products is the most important weapons enterprise competition, but competition is now the focus is on improving the production process. &quot; ? NPS is the best tool to improve the production process, he can be reached in labor productivity and quality improvement, reduction of defective products, lower costs, shorten delivery time, space reduction, inventory, production line, especially the improvement in product inventory. ? Cost Doctrine (exclusive business) Price = Cost + Profit Price 120 Profit of 20 yuan Cost 100 Buyer: unscrupulous! Not a little room for haggling. Seller: I want to earn 20% of the cost, sell you 120! Buying a Whatever. Price Doctrine Profit = Price - Cost Price 100 Profit of 10 per Cost 90 yuan Buyer: I only out of 100, otherwise do not buy! Seller: Cost down some! Can also make some. ? Profit doctrine (win-win strategy) Cost = Price - Profit Price 100 Profit of 20 yuan Cost 80 Buyer: Price 100, I bought! Seller: OK! Sold! Although only sell 100, but still earned 20 yuan, the cost should be reduced to 80. ? Avoid the following seven kinds of waste: 1, wait (idle) waste. Second, handling of waste. Third, poor product waste. 4, action waste. 5, processing operation of the waste. 6, inventory waste. 7, production of too many (early) waste. ? NPS and TPS to emphasize that &quot;time production&quot; (Just In Time, JIT), which is what is needed only in the necessary time to produce the necessary number of necessary items for the target mode of production; without excessive production or early production . For example, the components in the manufacture of automobile assembly process, be sure to pre-process the required components, the necessary amount of time necessary to reach the production line. In the Toyota production system, the type of components needed and how much the number of records in two events as &quot;Kanban&quot; hanging card, kanban is sent by the process after the process before the operator. ? In the Toyota production system, Kanban system is supported by the following measures with the: First, production smoothing. Second, the standardization work. Third, the reduced setup time. Fourth, to improve activities. Fifth, the design of machinery and equipment arrangements. 6, automatic. ? Kanban system to reach the five principles: Principle 1: After the process only when necessary, forward the process to obtain the necessary number of necessary components. JIT production or excessive production of non-early. 1. If there are no billboards, no lead material; 2. Collar material shall not exceed the number of the advertisements; 3. Kanban parts or semi-finished products must be followed. Principle 2: The former process should only be produced in sufficient quantities to complement the process after being extracted parts. Principle 3: bad product never sent after the process. Principle 4: the use of the number of billboards should be minimized. Principle 5: Kanban should be used to meet the needs of small-amplitude changes. 1. Express view version; 2. Emergency billboards; 3. Order Kanban; 4. Contact billboards. __________________ Improve a little every day, Only one thing.