Mirage Pinyin】 【hǎi shì shèn lóu Explained】 【mirage: Ha Li, the legendary mirage can exhale into the balcony of the shape. In fact the atmosphere was reflected in the emergence of natural phenomena. Analogy illusory without actually existing things. 【Source】 phrase from the &quot;Historical Records Official Book&quot;: &quot;Waterfront Shen (clam) meteorological towers; Hirono natural gas into the palace. Clouds, mountains and people of all as its accumulation. 【Usage】 joint type; as subject, object, attribute; with derogatory 【Example】 Ba Jin&#39;s &quot;Spring&quot; 28: &quot;She knows they will not take ~ to deceive her.&quot; 【Synonym】 castles in the air, non-existent, illusory mirage in the desert Xiehouyu】 【Great Gobi grimace - mirage 【】 Pacific, a city of riddles Calm sea, river river, lake, snow, or the Gobi desert in places, occasionally in the air or &quot;underground&quot; appears tall towers, enclosing walls, trees and other visions, called a mirage. China Shandong Penglai sea often occurs mirage, the ancients attributed to the genus mirage dragon, breathing becomes towers enclosing walls, hence the name. Mirage not only at sea, the desert generation, occasionally seen on the asphalt road. Mirage is a light in the vertical direction of the gas density in different, after the result of refraction. Mirage of many types, according to the position it appears the position relative to the original, can be divided into the mirage, mirage, and the side under the mirage; according to its original symmetry and can be divided into positive mirage, lateral mirage, Shun mirage and anti-mirage; can be classified according to color and non-color color mirage mirage and so on. Mirage has two characteristics: first, repeated in the same location, such as Alaska, and often occur over the mirage; Second, the time appears consistent, like a mirage in Penglai in China each year, mainly to 5,6 months, Russia Azim mirage near Lensk often occur in the spring, while the United States mirage in Alaska generally in the June 20 to 20 days after emergence. Since ancient times, mirage of concern to the people of the world. In Western mythology, mirage portrayed as the devil incarnate, is the specter of death and misfortune. Put the ancient Chinese as a wonderland mirage, Emperor Han Wudi who led the search of people to Penglai fairyland, Penglai has repeatedly sent to search for a panacea. Modern science has made a mirage for most correct interpretation of that mirage objects on Earth by atmospheric refraction of light reflected from the virtual image formed by the so-called mirage is the optical illusion. Mirage and the location and geophysical conditions, and where at a given time is closely related to meteorological features. Temperature distribution is most unusual weather conditions for the formation of mirage. Take for instance the formation of summer mirage. Scorching sun in summer in the desert, sand is blazing hot, because the specific heat of sand is small, the temperature rising fast, the sand in the vicinity of the lower air temperature rises very high, while the upper air temperature is still low, thus forming a temperature abnormal distribution, due to thermal expansion and contraction, close to the hot sand of the lower air density and the upper cold air density, the refractive index of air is so small and upper large lower. When distant objects the reflected light higher, more dense air from the upper into the lower when compared with sparse continued refraction of air, its angle of incidence increases, increases to equal the critical angle of total reflection occurs, then, if the reverse were looked forward to reflect light, you will see under the mirage. Asphalt road surface due to the color depth in the hot summer sun absorption capacity, the same will be formed over the upper surface of air cooling, density, and lower air heat, density of distribution, it will form under the mirage. Occurred in the desert, &quot;Mirage&quot; is the sun met the emergence of different densities of air refraction phenomenon. The desert during the day the sun baked sand, sand surface temperature increased rapidly. As the air heat transfer performance is poor, in the absence of wind, vertical temperature difference over the desert very significant, the next hot on the cold, upper air density, the lower air density low. When the sun from the air layer into the high density and low density of air layer, the speed of light changed, through the refraction of light, they put away the Oasis show up in people&#39;s eyes. The surface of the sea or river, sometimes happen, &quot;Mirage&quot; phenomenon. A mirage is an optical illusion, is the light reflected from objects on Earth by atmospheric refraction and the formation of a false image. Mirage mirage short, according to physics, mirage is due to different air layers have different densities, while the density of light at different air it has a different refractive index. Is due to warm sea air and cold air high above the density difference between, on the refraction of light generated. Mirage and the location and geophysical conditions, and where at a given time is closely related to meteorological features. Temperature distribution is most unusual weather conditions for the formation of mirage. Historical records, &quot;Records ? Fengshan book&quot;: &quot;Since Wei, Xuan, Yan Zhao, makes the sea seeking emperors, Yingzhou. This three-mountain who, in the Bo Hai in its transmission to people is not far, and to suffer, then lead ship wind away. cover to those who have tasted, all immortal and Myths in turn, all the things animals do white, and gold and silver for the palace. not arrived and she looks like clouds; and that the three anti-Habitat underwater mountain ; Pro of the wind to frequently lead to, eventually monensin to. &quot; Song Shen Kuo in the &quot;Meng Xi Bi Tan,&quot; writes in: &quot;pe sea, clouds from time to time, such as palaces, and Taiwan view, city battlement, figures, chariots, crowns, distinctly visible, that the&quot; mirage. &quot;Or say &quot;Jiao Mirage of gas, as&quot; suspect otherwise have. Ouyang Wen-chung has been ambassador to Shuo, Guo Gaotang, relays homes in the night of ghosts and spirits from over the air, traveling the Voice of 11 people and livestock can be identified, said that even details of its This is not a discipline. asked the Department elders, saying: &#39;Twenty years ago to try day in a county, is also distinctly see the people.&#39; natives, too, said the &quot;mirage&quot;, and pe have seen roughly similar. &quot; Lin Jing Song Dynasty people, &quot;Mirage said,&quot; The full text more than 100 words, is the best essay describing a mirage. Lu Yung-Ming &quot;Shu Yuan Notes&quot;: &quot;Mirage of gas towers, said the days of official book, its to far from the truth. Or mirage as the large clams, on so-called pheasant into the sea as the mirage is too. Or that of the snake. the sea there is the more solid this thing. However, coastal land, perhaps a saw-like towers of. but Dengzhou mirage, the World preacher, suspected that the mirage caused by gas. Suzhang Gong sequence Mirage, stating that his taste for the spring and summer poems , Lunar New Year does not appear in public and pray in the temple of Poseidon, tomorrow see Yan. is another prayer that can then carry on non-mirage gas. &quot; Qing Liu Xianting &quot;Guang Yang miscellanies&quot;: &quot;Laiyang Dong Qiao says: Dengzhou mirage, not only the shape of Magic Diange balcony, day see hundreds of ships, Jing battle thick, and there is gold drum. Are of, off into the water. Others but know yourself , Chongzhen three years, Qiao went to pe, prefect Xiao small scale fish, fitness Menli reported mirage. cover the customs, the event will be drumming Mirage officials have reported. Xiao Rate of view of the boy to see the North outside the long hill suddenly point which, however, such as gates. the water out from the inside, are above the boiling, Broken Hill in two. from Chen to resume it until afternoon. others but know yourself, those involved in marine clouds, try looking from the sea shore, some floor view of people such as those seen on shore. &quot;Pu Shan City: Huan Shan Shan City,&quot; the arrogance of the high wall, with Gen 67, the castle actually carry on &quot;(&quot; Lonely &quot;Juan Liu), described as&quot; the mountain mirage &quot;, and mirage similar. [Edit this section] the formation of a mirage In the quiet calm of the sea voyage, or at the beach lookout, often see the sky brimming distant ships, islands, or enclosing walls of towers of the image; in the desert who travel sometimes suddenly found that there is a remote desert lake , Lake branches swaying and fascination. But when the wind together, these images suddenly disappeared. So this is an illusion, known as a mirage, or the mirage. Mirage diagram Why would such a phenomenon? To answer this question, must start talking about the refraction of light. When the light density of the homogeneous medium at the same time within the light of the speed of change, it is a straight line direction, but when the light obliquely from this medium into another of different density of the medium, the speed of light will occur changes to the direction of twists and turns have taken place, a phenomenon called refraction. When you use a straight bar tilt into the water, you can see in the underwater section of the bar with its exposed part of the water seems broken in general, and this is reflected by the percent of light, some people have used devices that make light from the water projects to the water and air at the interface, you can see the light at the junction of the surface of two parts: the part of the reflection into the water, part of the refraction into the air to go. If the water that turned the mirror so that the interface to invest some of the light is more inclined, then the light refraction in the air will become more even more powerful. When the light toward the interface shown below left hand when the light was all reflected into the water, no refracted into the air to light up. This phenomenon is called total reflection. The air itself is not a homogeneous medium, in general, its density is decreasing with the increase of height, the height of the higher density of smaller. When light passes through air layers of different heights will always cause some reflection, but refraction phenomenon has been used in our daily lives, so do not feel any different. But when the air temperature anomalies in the vertical change, and will lead to generally different refraction and total reflection, which will produce the phenomenon of mirage. As the air density unusual circumstances are different type of mirage appears different. In summer, daytime humidity is low water, especially cold water flows through the sea, the water temperature lower, the lower the air by the water temperature lower, the lower temperature of the air by the impact of the cold air over the top, appears on the next cold and warm anomaly ( under normal circumstances is warm on the cool, the average increase for each 100 meters, the temperature decreased about 0.6 ℃). Lower air pressure already high because of relatively high density, coupled with the cold temperature is lower than the upper, density is particularly large, so close on the thin air layer under the significant differences in abnormal. If our ship under the eastern horizon, generally can not see it. If, under the close on the air this time difference is too thin, the light from the ship first be refracted into the density of gas gradually dilute the gas, and total reflection occurs at the top, then turned back to the lower density of gas in to; after this curved line, and finally our eyes, we can see it&#39;s like. Because people always feel things like the visual direction from the straight line, so we have seen ships image is raising a lot more than physical, so is called the mirage. China&#39;s Bohai Sea Islands in a temple in the summer, daytime low water temperature, air density, density will appear on the ground significantly dilute the differences in the Bohai Sea south of Penglai County (also known as the ancient Dengzhou), you can often see the Temple Islands Mirage. Song time of Shen Kuo, in his name Achillea &quot;Meng Xi Bi Tan,&quot; where there is such record: &quot;Pe sea clouds from time to time, such as the palace station concept, the city battlement people, traveling crowns, distinctly evident to everyone.&quot; This is what he saw on Penglai is mirage. At 11 o&#39;clock on May 22, 1933 or so, the Qingdao sea (outside the mouth of Jiaozhou Bay) bamboo fork has been found on the island is mirage, 1:00 Hongchuan the city, many people go to watch. 1975 in Guangdong Province, near the sea, there have been a continuation of the last 6 hours are mirage. Not only in summer can be seen on the sea is mirage, sometimes in the river can be seen, for example, on Aug. 2, 1934 in Nantong near the surface of the river appeared. That cool day when the air, weather is hot in the afternoon, suddenly found the Yangtze River over the balcony of the enclosing walls and trees brimming houses, all of mirage more than 20 years long. About half an hour later, heading east, suddenly disappeared. Then there three mountains, sky, middle mountain, much like incense; they separated for half an hour, until all are gone. In the desert during the day was sunny hot sand, close to the sand layer temperature increases very fast. As the air are not good at heat transfer, so no wind, the air on the lower heat exchange between the minimum of tension, the temperature of heat on a cold vertical significant difference, and lead to lower air density than their upper small anomalies. In this case, if the front of a tree, it grows in a relatively wet place, then tilt down from the tree projection of light, as is the density of the air layer into the density of the air layer, will occur refraction. Refracted light to the ground close to the heat and thin air layer, the occurrence of total reflection, light it from near the ground density of the gas reflected back to the top of a dense gas in the past. Thus, after a downward bending of light downward sag, the tree image sent to the person&#39;s eyes, appeared in the reflection of a tree. As the reflection in the kind of following, it is also known under the mirage. This reflection is very easy for people to waterside shade the illusion that the distance must be a lake. Those who have traveled in the desert who had a similar experience great. Filming &quot;board Shishapangma&quot; a photographer, walking in the midst of a vast dry grasslands, have already seen a mirage under the current, he ran towards the direction mirage, like the Kap Shui cooking rice. When he went there and saw what no water, only to find that on the mirage of when. This is because, like dry grass and sand, can be fierce sun heat wave, the density of the air layer increases from the bottom, and thus is under the mirage. No matter what kind of mirage, only a very weak wind no wind or weather conditions occur. When the wind together, causing a stir on the lower air mixture, the difference between the lower air density decreases, there is nothing unusual light refraction and total reflection, then all of the mirage disappeared immediately. All in all, this is interesting, it is scientific. [Edit this section] where the most likely to see a mirage? Data show that Long Island is the most frequent area mirage appeared, especially among the seven in August after the rain. Long Island, Li said the temple Islands, also known as Long Hill Islands, from 32 islands, island land area of 56 square kilometers, sea area of 8700 square kilometers, a coastline of 146 kilometers, is the only island county in Shandong Province, Yantai City, under the . The county town of 8, Township 2, 4.5 million people. County is located in Long Island south. East Asia monsoon area Long Island is a continental climate, characterized by a Dongnuanxialiang annual average temperature of 11.9 ℃, frost-free period 243 days. County forest coverage 53.2%, the unique geographical location and favorable natural conditions to become migratory birds must pass through each year through more than 200 species of migratory birds, many millions, to enjoy birds, &quot;Inn&quot; in the world , is listed as National Nature Reserve. Long Island known as the Temple in the Chinese territory Islands (ancient name Salmonella Island), referred to as Long Island, located between the Shandong Peninsula and Liaodong Peninsula, Yellow Sea, Bohai Sea intersect, is the only island county in Shandong Province, a total of 32 islands, The total area of 56 square kilometers. Total length of 146 km coastline, the resident population of 45,000. Long Island is China&#39;s four Holford, we have the &quot;Matsu protect the sea,&quot; &quot;Eight Immortals&quot;, &quot;Till the Sea&quot;, &quot;Jingwei&quot; four major myths and folklore characters. To Long Island to eat one hundred kinds of seafood, live fisherman white picket fence, tour the island shore scenery, shopping and Heart specialty entertainment folk customs. Long Island&#39;s mountains, &quot;Wuling Shilihualang beauty&quot;, Long Island, the sea, &quot;the charming scenery of Lijiang River sides.&quot; &quot;East China Sea, blessed water, fertile fish fertilizer, Nanhai Na Xiang Shan village show results&quot; and &quot;Yellow Sea No. Silver Sail DAY from the Bohai falling clouds Boats&quot; is the most simple fairy mirror fisherman, the most uninhibited and most true The most vivid portrayal of life. Long Island is China&#39;s four Holford, we have the &quot;Chinese abalone, scallops, seaweed village&quot; in the world. Long Island is China&#39;s Hawaii, the &quot;National Nature Reserve, national scenic areas, national forest parks, provincial nature reserves and provincial geological park seals&quot; of the title. Long Island is a primitive, natural, without the labor process, and unique travel virgin. Here an island with a strange island, a scene with a scene of Korea, formed by sea erosion of various odd reef rocks, plain quiet, exquisitely carved. Long Island Tourism Bureau in 2003 created a &quot;sea mountains&quot;, &quot;well-off fisherman&quot;, &quot;Fishermen Cruise&quot;, and focus on brand management, integration and the tourism resources, and create a green, safe and healthy travel destination, especially Nafu yingxiangjie stone Matsu island people of our folk culture in a magnificent wonderful work. Sea Spirit Mountain In the moist sea, inlaid with a group of jewel-like islands of green such as Dai, which is recognized worldwide as the &quot;sea mountains&quot; in the beautiful archipelago - Temple Islands, also known as Long Island, Long Island, briefly enjoying one of the Liaodong Peninsula and Shandong Peninsula between the Bohai Strait, and the ancient city of pe (Penglai) across the sea. According to &quot;Historical Records&quot; record, not speech of Emperor journey, stop at the Penglai Danya Xiema mountain side, looking sea Spirit Mountain, begging for longevity. This means that Long Island Spirit Mountain, Tang has said: &quot;Juventa sea with Spirit Mountain, mountain in the void between the ....&quot;, Piaomiao Su Sung&#39;s great writer who had worked on a long hill overlooking the islands not help praised:&quot; also true fairy house! &quot;&quot; Journey to the West &quot;,&quot; Flowers in the Mirror &quot;and other myth novels to portray a fantasy here, Piao Miao, detached mundane world of paradise. [Edit this section] on the mirage of historical records Mirage Shen Kuo Dengzhou the sea, when there are clouds, such as palaces, and Taiwan view, city battlement, figures, chariots, crowns, distinctly visible, that the mirage. Or said: &quot;Jiao Mirage of gas, as&quot; suspect otherwise have. Ouyang Wen-chung has been ambassador to Shuo, Guo Gaotang, relays homes in the night of ghosts and spirits from over the air, traveling the Voice of 11 people and livestock can be identified, said its very detailed, this is not a discipline. Asked the Department elders, goes: twenty years ago to try day in a county, is also distinctly see the people. Natives, too, said the mirage, and pe have seen roughly similar. Your answer In Dengzhou sea, clouds and the air sometimes appear, like the palace bedroom, Taiwan Pavilion landscape, the city wall battlement, figures, chariots, floor roof cover, (are) clearly visible to it (this picture) is called &quot;sea City. &quot; Some say: &quot;(This is) a dragon breathing formed.&quot; (I) suspect not. Ouyang Wen-chung has Shuo to the ambassador, passed Gaotang, Posthouse the houses in the night of ghosts and spirits from the sky and heard through, traveling the sound people and livestock, are all can tell. He said that the very detailed and not detailed excerpts here. Asked the local elderly, said: &quot;Twenty years ago, passing through the county during the day, you can clearly see persons and things.&quot; Locals also call this (kind of scene) as a &quot;mirage.&quot; Generally seen with the same pe. Hill City Pu Huan Shan Mountain City, one of the famous eup also, however, see different constant for several years. Sun Gongzai Yu and colleagues in drinking upstairs to find that there are isolated hills arched tower, high insertion Qing Ming, the same care alarmed, no such study in the monastery near. At any rate, see dozens of palaces, green glazed tile fly Ikara, Gordon began the mountain city. However, soon after, the arrogance of the high wall, with Gen 67, the castle actually carry on. If the person in House, Church if the person, if Square were a vivid picture, to hundreds of millions of dollars. Suddenly strong wind, dust and vast natural gas, the city only vaguely. Subsequently given was clear and the wind, a Ceuta there, but dangerous one, direct dauntless. Building 5, casement are wide open; line with 5:00 Ming Chu, outside the building heavens. Layer index, the higher the floor, then clearly diminished. Number to the eighth floor, the Conference such as the star point. Also on it, then sadly misty, not carry on account of their level. The upstairs people contacts Xie Xie, or with, or stand, different shape. Over time, the building gradually lower, showing that its top; then gradually usual floor; it gradually, such as high house; mortal such as boxing, such as beans, then not visible. Also we learn that early entrants, see the mountains densely City restaurants, and the world no other, also known as &quot;ghost city&quot; cloud. Your answer Huan Mountain &quot;Mountain City&quot;, is Zichuan Eight counties in a scene, but often does not occur for several years. (One day) Sun Yu-year son and his friends in the upstairs drinking the same industry, suddenly saw there was a solitary hill pagoda stands up, towering sky-line, (two) You see me, I see you, but also surprise and confusion, thinking that there is no Buddhist temple near ah. Before long, (they) see the dozens of palaces, tile is green, high roof tilt This is a wake up to the original (there) &quot;Mountain City&quot; has. Not long, (also appeared) high wall, (on top of that) was concave and convex shape of the short wall, stretching 67 years, turned out to be a town. Pavilion of the city are like the (construction), there are like halls of the (construction), there are like residents of the (construction), are clearly presented in front of a few too few of them. Sudden strong wind blowing, blowing the dust like a very large, blurred images of the city was. After a while, the wind stopped, the sky Seimei, the previous picture all disappeared, leaving only a tall, direct contact with the sky and the Milky Way, (each floor) has five rooms, the windows are open, there are five places where bright It was the sky outside the building. One layer at a few points up, the higher the room, highlights of the smaller; count to the eighth floor, bright stars so that only small; beyond it becomes dark, and may be absent, blind to its level . (Lower) of people coming and going upstairs, the dry matter of all, there are relying on (bars), there are standing, posture varies. After some time, gradually low floor down, you can see the roof of the; Gradually, they become the same as with normal building; Gradually, it became a high cottage; suddenly shrunk to the size of a fist, ( further reduced) as the size of beans, and finally disappear. I heard people getting up early hurry to see the hill people, markets and shops, with the situation on earth is no difference between, so people would not call it &quot; ghost city. &quot; [Edit this paragraph] how to distinguish the desert mirage or a real scene? A mirage is an optical phenomenon. Sandy or rocky surface rising hot air, making the light refraction occurs, and thus a mirage. Mirage will occur off the coast about 6 miles (9.6 km) of desert, make 1 mile (1.6 kilometers) outside or beyond the objects seem to move. Make land navigation very difficult, because the environment in the mirage, the natural features have become blurring. Mirage makes a person difficult to identify distant objects, but also make the outline of distant vision blurred and you feel as if surrounded by a water, but that piece out of some of the region looks like the high water The &quot;island.&quot; Mirage will also enable you to identify targets, estimate range, become very difficult to find personnel. However, if you go to a higher point above the desert floor 10 feet (3 meters) (3 1 / 3 meters), you can avoid the hot air close to the surface to overcome the mirage illusion. In short, if slightly adjust the height of wait and see, mirage phenomenon will disappear, or it will change the appearance and height.