Introduction of international inspection and certification bodies by fdjerue7eeu


									Introduction of international inspection and certification bodies

Introduction of international inspection and certification bodies
In addition to the Government to establish the official commodity inspection agencies,
there are many countries in the world by the Chamber of Commerce, associations,
trade associations or private establishment of the semi-official and non-commodity
inspection authorities, to carry out the inspection of goods in international trade and
identification of the work. Commodity inspection authorities as non-governmental
civil liability is different from the official commodity inspection authorities shoulder
the responsibility, therefore, in international trade more easily accepted by both
parties. Private commodity inspection agencies, according to the requirements of
clients to its own technology, reputation and familiarity with international trade, the
trade parties to provide flexible, timely and impartial inspection accreditation services
in foreign trade relations are the common trust.

Now have more international prestige, an authoritative non-governmental commodity
inspection authorities are:

1, Switzerland SGS (SGS)
Second, the United Kingdom Inchcape Testing Group (IITS)
Third, the Japanese Maritime Association of Certification (NKKK)
Fourth, the new test Association of Japan (SK)
5, Japanese overseas cargo examination Corporation (OMIC)
6, safety tests by the U.S. (UL)
7, the United States Institute for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
8, the Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
9, the International Wool Secretariat (IWS)
10, China Commodity Inspection Corporation (CCIC)

Swiss SGS (SGS)

world's largest specialized in international commodity inspection, testing
and certification group, is an influential non-governmental international trade
independent testing organization. SGS was founded in 1878, with its headquarters in
Geneva, said, according to 1994 data, SGS 142 countries in the world with 274
branches, more than 1,150 offices and 291 laboratories, employing nearly 30 000
staff , commodity inspection services in total world trade accounted for 5%. SGS is a
comprehensive testing agencies, can be physical, chemical and metallurgical analysis,
including destructive and non-destructive testing, to the client a complete set of
quantity and quality inspection, and related technical services to provide shipping
pre-inspection services, providing international trade-related goods, such as
technology, transport, storage and other services, supervision and with the purchase
and sale, trade, raw materials, industrial equipment, consumer goods associated with
relocation of all or any part of the Trade and operation of commercial process. In the
SGS internal, according to product classification, set up a service department of
agriculture, mineral chemical and metallurgical services to the Department,
non-destructive testing Branch, National Government Contracts Service, Ministry of
Transport and storage, industrial engineering products Services Branch, Ministry of
risk and insurance services, etc. department. SGS's business in China, SGS
Hong Kong Chinese Affairs. SGS up a joint venture with China's Bureau
of     Technical      Supervision,      "through      standard    inspection
company",          which      means      "SGS"         and
"Standards and Metrology Authority," the first meaning of the
word, the main business process CISS.

British Inchcape Testing Group (IITS)

an international commodity inspection organization based in London. In order to
strengthen the world trade in the competitive position of the field of Di, IITS through
the purchase of prestigious world, there is strength in the testing organization, formed
their own test group. IITS groups including Capri Group, Intertek International, Ann
laboratory, and Britain Jielaoaide agency (Chinese International Group, Matthews
Daniel Corporation), United Kingdom and the United Kingdom Tettey Te Taike
Services grams of International Service Limited. The independently operated
subsidiary bodies, agencies have their own professional and technical personnel and
equipment to provide services in its own name, financial co-ordination by the
Inchcape headquarters.

IITS groups, companies and their affiliates more than 90 countries in the world with
offices and laboratories and regions. IITS CCIC China has many years of friendly
contacts, and have commissioned the inspection agreement signed.

Japan Association of Marine test (NKKK)

Japan Association of Marine test (NIPPON KAIJI KENTEI KYOKAI, English name
ASSOCIATION), founded in 1913, is a Shetuanfaren Inspection Association,
primarily for social and public interests. NKKK headquartered in Tokyo, in addition
to the major ports in the country outside the laboratory has, in Thailand, Singapore,
Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, with overseas firms. Currently, NKKK at
home and abroad have set up branches in more than 70, a wide business scope, the
main test items include: hatch view, stowage identification, state inspection, the
damage identification, water gauge weight, liquid measure, value re-measurement and
physical and chemical inspection, also accepted the shipment from the factory to the
users or from the discharge to the continuous examination.

NKKK Chinese commodity inspection authorities commissioned the inspection
agreement signed long-term, over the years, the two sides have close and frequent
reciprocal inspection business technical exchange.

New Japan Association of Certification (SK)

New Japan Association of Certification (SHIN NIHON KENTEI KYOKAI, English
founded in 1948, is a consortium of Japan Inspection Association, the
consortium's economic interests. Its main business is marine test, general
inspection, container inspection, chemical analysis and calibration and other general
cargo. SK headquartered in Tokyo, with nine branches around the country, 22 offices,
two laboratories, in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and other countries has its place
of business, office or agency. SK and South Korea, the United States and Pakistan
signed a contract agent customers with the Chinese commodity inspection authorities
have commissioned a good business relationship.

Japanese Overseas Cargo Inspection Corporation (OMIC)

Japanese Overseas Cargo Inspection Corporation (JAPAN OVSEAS
MERCHANDISE INSPECTION COMPANY) is by the Japanese Ministry of
Transport, Provincial Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Health registration
approved, with a more complete inspection techniques and equipment of international
inspection companies limited by shares. Its main business is industrial inspection
testing, fertilizer, chemicals, pharmaceuticals testing, mineral testing and inspection of
crops native products, in addition, OMIC also accepted the Japanese government
designated foreign inspection business. OMIC was established in 1954 and
headquartered in Tokyo. General Affairs Department established within the company,
business, finance, inspection department, consulting department, ministry of food, oil
feed and food department, the Department of steel, machinery and equipment, nine
Department of the Ministry and a Central Research Institute. China in Osaka,
Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Kitakyushu, Nagoya with branches or offices abroad in
Thailand, Poland, Malaysia, India, the Philippines, with offices in Canada. OMIC and
more than 70 countries world testing organization or trade enterprises, business
cooperation agreement signed with the China Commodity Inspection Corporation
(CCIC) signed a cooperation agreement on behalf of its handling by the CCIC China,
Nigeria, Pakistan, Iran, export of equipment and other countries front of the ship
inspection business, issued on behalf of the importing country customs with the clean
business report (CRF).
American Safety Laboratory (UL)

American Safety Laboratory (UNDERWRITERS LABORA TORIES INC.) Founded
in 1894 and headquartered in Northbrook, Illinois, Long Island, New York, Tampa,
Florida, California and other places set 桑塔克莱拉 a branch. UL is the most
authoritative of the United States is the world's largest electrical products
for all types of inspection, testing and identification of private inspection bodies. U.S.
laws that many states, there is no UL mark of household electrical appliances are not
allowed on the market. In the U.S., regardless of individuals, families, schools, offices,
shopping in the market, electric fans, electric irons, electric bed, hair dryer, toaster,
microwave oven, electric water heaters, electric household appliances such as
massage, just to see posted UL mark, we feel assured that there is a sense of security
with them, this is because the UL 90 years, the company engaged in mechanical and
electrical product safety test of the performance results establish a good reputation.

UL engineering test is divided into six sectors: security and signals, hazards and
chemical hazards, electrical, fire protection, heating, air conditioning and refrigeration,
shipping supplies. UL's business is mainly in accordance with UL
standards for building materials, fire equipment, machinery and electrical equipment,
marine equipment, oil and gas equipment and other products designed for safety
audits, testing, identification and tracking process of the factory production test test
and add posted UL mark.

UL product standard self-contained. Testing identified key focus on product safety
performance, such as the size of electrical switches, transformers, the wires must be a
number of test products were identified meet UL standard requirements, to a
recognized party, to allow column names, production and affix the UL mark . UL
officer may without prior notice to inspect the factory, use the UL mark to determine
whether the products really meet UL safety standards.

In addition to UL company with offices in the United States, but also with Canada,
Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom, Japan, China, Hong Kong and other countries
and regions, the inspection organization established business relationship. UL
business in China by the China Import and Export Commodities Inspection
Corporation (CCIC) and its affiliates undertake.

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

American Society for Testing and Materials (AMERCAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING
AND MATERIALS) was established in 1896 and headquartered in Philadelphia, is
America's oldest and largest academic organization is one of the
standardization of industrial raw materials, a non-government organizations. ASTM
engaged in a wide range of business involving metallurgy, machinery, chemicals,
textiles, construction, transportation, power and other areas of production or the use of
raw materials and semi-finished products. ASTM standards developed by a wide
range of high-impact and number, most of which are American National Standards
Institute (ANSI) directly into the national standards. United States, professional
societies, such as steel, textiles, mechanical engineering, have a relationship with the
ASTM. ASTM International is also very influential in, it set many standards are the
international trade in both the quality of the supply contract by the terms of
China's imports of raw materials are also commonly used ASTM test
standards. ASTM developed analysis, test method, was used in many laboratories
around the world as the standard method.

Canadian Standards Association (CSA)

Canadian Standards Association (CANADIAN STANDARDS ASSOCIATION) was
established in 1919, its purpose is to establish rules in the industrial sector,
responsible for electric field of voluntary standards adopted. Canadian Standards
Association standard laboratory equipment for testing and certification.

CSA developed a standard for secure authentication for a wide range of electrical
equipment, from industrial equipment, commercial equipment to household

International Wool Secretariat (IWS)

IWS (International Wool Secretariat) was established in 1937, is a non-profit
institutions. Its purpose is to establish a member of the sheep wool products in the
global long-term needs. Member States the largest exporter of wool in Australia, New
Zealand and southern hemisphere countries, their share of global exports of raw wool,
80% of annual turnover.

International Wool Secretariat based in London, its product development and market
service centers in London, according to Lee. International Wool Secretariat in the
world, 34 of the most important wool market, with branches formed an international

International Wool Secretariat itself does not manufacture and sale of wool products,
but it demands the establishment of the process of wool, often with the textile industry
to maintain close at all levels of links, including retailers and wool and wool textile
industry production units to provide the original selection, processing technology,
product development, product design, quality control, product promotion and other
assistance and support, and joint promotional activities with them, such as the
implementation of world-renowned symbol of pure wool.

China Branch of the International Wool Secretariat is located in Kowloon, Hong Kong,
whose main activities are: the promotion of pure wool mark, use of television,
magazines and other media publicity to consumers the significance of pure wool mark,
use every quarter "IWS Newsletter", transmission various
activities and other information; collection and analysis of economic and market
information to the relevant units of domestic information and advisory services;
approval of pure wool mark listed Gong Chang, and quality control to provide
technical assistance to ensure the quality of listed products; use training, fashion
shows and other forms to provide the latest international fashion and trend
information to help the enterprises to improve product design quality level.

China Commodity Inspection Corporation (CCIC)

China Commodity Inspection Corporation, full name is the China Import and Export
Commodities Inspection Corporation (CHINA NATIONAL IMPORT &
Council approved the establishment of period 7, the State Commodity Inspection
Bureau designated the implementation of the import and export commodity inspection
and appraisal services testing entity, the nature of the commodity inspection
authorities are private. CCIC in the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions
with branches in foreign trade of the commission, handling the import and export
commodity inspection and test, providing the smooth transfer of the settlement, and
reasonable settlement of claims disputes and other services. CCIC also in the world
with offices in 20 countries, bear the identification of preshipment inspection and
trade operations

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