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Kenya Climate varies from

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					Climate varies
from tropical
along coast to
arid in interior
Border Countries: Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan,
Tanzania, & Uganda
Highest Point: Mount Kenya 17,000 ft.
Major Water Bodies: Indian Ocean, Lake Victoria,
Lake Turkana, & Tana River

                          Capital City: Nairobi
                          Population: 34,707,817
                          Life Expectancy: 48 yrs
1901: First railway line completed from
Mombasa to Kisumu on Lake Victoria.
1963: Gained independence from UK
1997 -1998: Severe flooding
destroyed roads, bridges, &
crops; epidemics of malaria
and cholera overwhelmed
health care system
1998: Ethnic clashes erupted
between the Kikuyu & Kalenj
1992: First multi-party
elections
Type of Government: Democratic Republic
Chief of State & Government: President Mwai Kibaki
Vice President: Moody Awori

    Very Corrupt!
Mwai Kibaki was elected
president of Kenya in
December 2002. Kibaki
was formerly a vice
president under Daniel
arap Moi, Kenya’s second
president.
Regional leader for trade & finance
Political corruption & relying on primary goods whose
prices have remained low.
 Currency: Kenyan shilling (KES)
 Industries: small-scale
 consumer goods (plastic,
 furniture, batteries, textiles,
 clothing, soap, cigarettes, flour),
 agricultural products,
 horticulture, oil refining;
 aluminum, steel, lead; cement,
 commercial ship repair, tourism
 Agricultural Products: tea,
 coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane,
 fruit, vegetables; dairy products,
 beef, pork, poultry, eggs
Ethnic Groups: Kikuyu 22%, Luhya
14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba
11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African
15%, non-African (Asian, European,
and Arab) 1%
Religions: Protestant 45%, Roman
Catholic 33%, indigenous beliefs 10%,
Muslim 10%
Languages: English (official),
Swahili (official), numerous native
languages


   A Maasai man dressed in
   traditional clothing
Most popular safari destination
in Africa! World famous for its
'Out of Africa' scenic beauty,
diverse cultures, wildlife &
tropical beaches.
Climate varies
with terrain,
from tropical
along coast to
semiarid & hot
in north
• Square Mileage: about 180,000 sq. m
• Population: 15.5 million
• Highest Point of Elevation: Mount Cameroon
• Neighboring Countries: Niger, Nigeria, Chad,
  Central African Republic, Congo Republic, &
  Gabon
• Major Water Bodies:
  Benoue, Logone, Chari,
  & Wouri rivers
• Capital City: Yaounde
• 1955 Cameroon decided to
  ask for their independence
• 1960 Ahmadav Ahidjo
  became 1st president
• 1982 president left so prime
  minister; Paul Biya took
  control
• 1992 Population grew to 12
  million people
• Type of Government: Unitary Republic
• Independence: Jan 1, 1960
• Chief of State: President Paul BIYA
• Head of Government: Prime Minister Ephraim INONI


                          President Paul Biya of
                          Cameroon with President
                          Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of
                          Brazil in 2005
• Industries: petroleum production & refining, aluminum
  production, food processing, light consumer goods,
  textiles, lumber, ship repair
• Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber,
  bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber
                          • Exports: crude oil and
                            petroleum products, lumber,
                            cocoa beans, aluminum,
                            coffee, cotton
                          • Imports: machinery, electrical
                            equipment, transport
                            equipment, fuel, food
• Ethnic Groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%,
  Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%,
  Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%,
  other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
• Religions: Indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian
  40%, Muslim 20%
• Languages: 24 major African
  language groups, English
  (official), & French (official)
• Special Health Concern:
  estimates for this country
  explicitly take into account the
  effects of excess mortality due
  to AIDS



                               • Favorite Sport: Football
                                 (Soccer)
• Climate of Sudan
  is 70% tropical
  and 30% desert.
• Two deserts in
  Sudan are the
  Libyan and
  Nubian deserts.
• Square mileage of
  country, 1,000,000
  square miles.
• Population, 33,500,000
• Highest point of
  elevation, 10,131 ft.    Major water bodies
• Neighboring countries    are the Red Sea,
  are Egypt, Libya,        Nubia, White Nile,
  Chad, Ethiopia,
  Kenya, Uganda, Zaire,    Blue Nile, Nile
  Central African          Continent, Africa
  Republic                 Capital city,
                           Khartoum
• 7th -14th centuries- Christian kingdoms gradually die out and the
  muslims and christians sign a treaty agreeing to live peacefully.
• 1820- Egypt, as a province of the Ottoman Empire, invades
  Sudan and rules for the next sixty years.
• 1881-1898- This time is referred to as the Mahdiya in Sudan
  because it marks the rule of Muhammed Ahmed, the Mahdi, and
  his successor, Khalifa Abdullahi.
• 1883- At the battle of Shaykan, the Mahdi’s followers defeat
  10,000 Egyptian troops under British command. The Mahdi’s
  troops continue to be victorious all over Northern Africa.
• 1956- January 1 Sudan officially becomes an independent
  nation.
• 1969- Again the military takes over the government, this time
  under the leadership of Jaafar Nimeiri.
• Form of Government-
  Transitional
• Government Bodies-
  National Assembly
• Formal Head of State-
  President
• Date it became a country-
  January 1, 1956
• President- Omar Hassan
  Ahmad al-Bashir
•   Currency- Sudanese pound ( US $1= 2 pounds)
•   This country is very poor and could not have any
    worse of an economy. Sudan is one of the 25
    poorest countries in the world.
•   Industries-cotton, textiles, livestock
•   Natural resources-petroleum, sesame seeds, sheep
    and lamb, gold, and cotton.
• Unique animal life- Nomadic herding of cattle camels and goats.
  Suffering livestock because drought, famine, and war.
• Food- fool, is a very common meal with beans and onions.
  Kisra, a pancake like bread made from sorghum.
• Famous sports and athletes- soccer or football are famous
  sports/wrestling and horse racing are also famous
• Religion- Islam-animism/Christianity
• Holidays- Eid-el-fitr, Eid-el-adha. These holidays celebrate
  Abraham sacrificing his son
• Famous People- people of the north, people of the west, people
  of the east, and people of the south
• Art- libraries and museums, architecture – Christian
  architecture, small pyramids.
• Green= Agriculture
• White= Peace and Unity
• Equatorial in
  the south;
  Tropical in
  the central;
  Hot and Dry
  in the north.
   Population: 131,859,731
   Highest Point: Chapal Waddi, 2,419 m
   Countries: Cameroon Niger Chad & Benin
   Water Bodies: Bight of Benin, Gulf of
    Guineai, Bight of Biafra, Lake Chad, Benue
    River, Niger River and River Cross
   Capital City: Abuja
   Square Miles: 356,669
• 1960- Nigeria wins independence
• 1963- Becomes a republic
• 1967-1970- Nigeria has a civil war over
  Biafra’s independence
• 1985-Nigeria becomes dependent
• 1988- Government increased the
  number of states from 19 to 21
• 1991- Administrative reform produced
  9 new states & 190 additional
•Type of Government: Military regime
• Date it became a Country: 1960
• President Olesgun Obasanjo
  • Born in Abeakuta, Ogan state. He
    enlisted in the army in 1958 at the
    age of 21. He was elected president
    in 1999. In 2003 he was reelected.
    His idea in the, office is about to run
    out.



                     http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/41575000/jpg/_41575740_nigeriaobasanjo_ap203b.jpg
                  • Currency: Naira (NGN)
• Nigeria is oil rich, long hobbled by political instability.
• Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa.
• Once a large net exporter of food, now mostly they have to
  import food.
• GDP rose strongly in 2006, based largely on increased oil
  exports and high global crude prices
• Pal moil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins,
  textiles, cement, construction materials, food products, foot
  wear, chemicals, fertilizer, ceramic, and steel
• Unique Animal Life: Red-bellied Monkey is
 on the endangered species list. They weigh 4.4-
 9.9lbs (2-4.5kg). The Red-bellied monkey lives in the
 wettest part of the dry tropical rainforest. It’s diet
 includes fruit, insects, leaves, and crops.

• Foods: ISU (Spiced boiled Yam) , Nigerian Stew,
 Jolf of rice, Iyon, Efor, Dodo, Chin Chin

• Famous Sports & Athletes: Basketball,
 Hakeem Olajunwin, Michael Olowakadi, Baking
 Sogun Ajuse Jegabeto Albert & Eromsete Albert.
• Religions: Muslim 50% of the people, Christian 10% of
 the people, Other 10% of the people.
• Holidays:   New Year’s Day, Worker’s Day,
  Democracy Day, Independence Day, Christmas Day
  and Boxing Day Children’s Day.
• Famous People: Bashorun M.K.O Abiola- Presidential
  Candidate, Chinua Achebe- Writer, Dr. Alban-Music, Ken
  Saro- Wiwa- Human Rights Activist.



                   Art: Purple Hood
The highlands
receive thirty-
nine inches of
rain fall per year
and experience
moderate to cool
temperatures.
Square Mileage: 437,600
Population: 54,927,108
Highest Point of Elevation Ras Dashan Peak Simien
Mt. (15,158 ft.)
Neighboring Countries: Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti,
Somalia, Kenya
Major Water Bodies Blue Nile/Abbai River, Lake Tana
Continent Africa
Capital City Addis Ababa
Poorest country in the world
• People speaking Omatic and Cushitic languages
  live in Ethiopian Highlands in 7000b.c.
• Ethiopia traded with Egypt in 3000b.c.
• Lagwe Dynasty rules Ethiopia in 1137-1270a.d.
• Ethiopia becomes independent in 1993
• Ethiopia adopts a constitution in 1994
• Ethiopia holds its first multiparty election in 1995
Type of Government
Ethiopian Peoples
Revolutionary
Democratic Front
President or
Monarch Meles
Zenawi
Currency: Birr (5 Birr= US $1.00
Resources & Industry. Services
are Ethiopia’s second biggest
industry after agriculture.
Foods They grow wheat, sorghum,
barley, grain.
Art walls and ceilings are painted by
the Ethiopian people. They paint
traditional subject on canvases.
Black: Means the                Green: The
people of Kenya                 fertility of land

Red: The blood shed             White: means
for independence                peace




       The flag of Kenya was adopted in 1963
       The symbol: Kenya’s pride & tradition
Climate varies from tropical
along coast to arid in interior
The northern plains are hot and
arid
The southeast is hot and humid
The western highlands has a lot
of wild life
Area: 224,960sq.m
Population: 28.2
Highest Point: 17,058
feet (Mount Kenya)
Neighboring
Countries: Sudan,
Uganda, Somalia,
United Republic of
Tanzania, Ethiopia



                        Major Water Bodies: Indian
                        Ocean, Athi River, Galanda
                        River, Tana River, Lake Victoria,
                        Lake Turkana, and Lake Magandi
                        Capital City: Nairobi
1895-1963:
Governed by the UK
Kenya’s first
president was Jomo
Kenyatta
1982: Kenya became
a one party state
1992: Kenya had
formed many parties
2002: Kenya broke
away from KANU &
went to NARC
(National Rainbow
Coalition)
Type of Government:
Democratic Republic
Chief of State &
Government: President
Mwai Kibaki
Vice President: Moody
Awori
          Mwai Kibaki was elected
          president of Kenya in December
          2002. Kibaki was formerly a vice
          president under Daniel arap Moi,
          Kenya’s second president.
Currency: Kenyan Shilling
GDP: real growth rate is
5.5% (2006 est.)
Exports: Tea, Coffee, Gold,
Limestone, Rubies, Garnets,
Oil, Tourism, and Fish
Imports: Machinery and
Transportation equipment,
Petroleum products, motor
vehicles, iron and steal,
resins and plastics
Lakes filled with Flamingos
Grasslands have cheetahs, lions,
& leopards chasing preys
Zebras, elephants, giraffes, and
hippos are more relaxed
Buffalos & rhinos have bad
tempers when disturbed
Religions: Roman Catholic,
Christian, Muslim, Hindus, and
Sikhs
   Hot, dry, & dusty
    desert climate;
    tropical in
    extreme south
   Rainy season
    June - September
   Area: 489,189 sq m
   Population: 13,957,000
   Capital: Niamey
   Independence: 1960 (from
    France)
   Border Countries:            During Niger's rainy season,
    Algeria, Benin, Burkina      from June to October, a lake
    Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, &   forms near the village of
    Nigeria                      Tabalakh, in southern Niger.
   Water Bodies: Niger River    The nearby intermittent lake
                                 enables these women to
                                 wash clothes and water their
                                 donkeys.
                           Ibrahim Mainassara
                           seized power in 1996,
                           was assassinated in
                           1999
   1960 Niger gained independence from
    France
   1985-1997 Some 60 million trees were planted over this
    period to stave off the encroaching Sahara Desert
   1996 Jan, 27 Coup leaders named the armed forces
    chief president after seizing power. Ten people died,
    political parties were outlawed and the constitution was
    suspended. Gen’l. Ibrahim Bare Mainassara seized
    power.
   1999 The 1st local radio station was established for
    broadcast in native languages.
   Type of Government:
    Republic, emerging from
    military rule
   Chief of State &
    Government: President
    TANDJA Mamadou




                              Niger's president Tandja
                              Mamadou, soldier turned
                              politician.
   One of the poorest countries in the world
   Subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by
    extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa.

   Agriculture Products: cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet,
    sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels,
    donkeys, horses, poultry
   Industries: uranium mining, cement, brick, textiles, food
    processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
   Exports: uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions
   Imports: foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts,
    petroleum, cereals
   Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)
   Ethnic Groups: Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%,
    Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and
    Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
   Religions: Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs
    and Christian
   Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma
   Children: suffering from
    starvation in Niger have
    been given "Plumpy'nut",
    a food for severely
    malnourished children
   Main Diet: milk,
    millet & dates.
   Clothing: Tuareq &
    Inadan men wear
    veils. Although the
    Tuaregs are
    Muslim, their
    women do not
    cover their faces.
                          The traditional mud-walled
                          dwellings of this Hausa village
                          in southern Niger
Climate varies
from tropical
along coast to
temperate in
highlands
• Capital City- Dar es-Salaam
• Population- 37,445,392
• Area- 945,087 sq km
• Border Countries- Burundi, Democratic Republic
  of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique,
  Rwanda, Uganda, & Zambia
• Major Water Bodies- Indian Ocean, Tanganyika,
  Lake Nyasa & Lake Victoria
• Highest Point-Kilimanjaro (5,895 meters)
•   1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent with
    Julius Nyerere as prime minister
•   1963 - Zanzibar becomes independent
•   1964 - Tanganyika & Zanzibar merge to become
    Tanzania
•   1992 - Constitution amended to allow multi-
    party politics.
•   2001 April - Tens of thousands of opposition
    supporters march through the commercial
    capital, Dar-es-Salaam, in the first major joint
    demonstration by opposition parties in decades.
•   Government- Constitutional Parliament
•   President-Jakaya Kikwete
•   Legislature Branch- National Assembly
    or Bunge
•   Ruling Political Party- Chama Cha
    Mapinduzi is in Tanzania & Zanzibar
•   GDP- $13.13 billion (One of the poorest countries in the world)
•   Free Market Economy
•   Agricultural Products- coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum
    (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts,
    tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits,
    vegetables; cattle, sheep, & goats
•   Industries- agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal
    twine); diamond, gold, & iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil
    refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, & fertilizer
•   Currency- 1,259.54Tanzanian shillings (TZS)=1US dollar
                           • Ethnic Groups- 95% are Bantu
                             consisting of more than 130 tribes
                           • Languages_Swahili
                           • Religion- 50% Christian, 35% Muslim,
                             15% Local tribal
                           • People- Most are poor, live in rural
                             areas, have limited access to clean
                             water for domestic use, growing crops
The Kipunji - a new kind     & personal cleanliness.
of monkey discovered in
Tanzania
     By:
Ryan Howard
      &
 Kevin Jones
Mostly desert
Temperature is hot
Even warm in winter
Very little rain
Area: 919595 sq. m
Population: 32531853
Highest Point: Mt Tahat 9573 ft
Neighboring Countries: Libya, Niger, Mali,
Mauritania, Western Sahara, Morocco, & Tunisia
Major Water Bodies: Mediterranean Sea &
Chelif River
Capital City: Algiers
Currency: Algerian dinars = $73.00 US dollar
(2006)
1962 - wins independence from France
1976 - new constitution which confirms
commitment to socialism; Islam
becomes official religion
2002 - the Berber language, Tamazight,
becomes a national language
2003, 21 May - More than 2,000 people
are killed & thousands are injured by a
powerful earthquake in the north
2006 December - Roadside bomb hits
a bus carrying staff of a US oil firm,
killing one man. The Salafist Group for
Preaching & Combat (GSPC) claims
responsibility & shortly afterwards calls
for attacks against French nationals.
                                   President Abdelaziz Bouteflika




                                                              Abdelaziz Belkhadem
Type of Government: socialist,
based on French and Islamic law
Chief of State: President Abdelaziz
Bouteflika (since 28 April 1999)
Head of Government: Prime
Minister Abdelaziz Belkhadem
Hydrocarbons is the
backbone of the economy:
- 60% of budget revenues,
- 30% of GDP
- Over 95% of export earnings
Natural Gas: Seventh-largest
reserves in the world & second-
largest gas exporter
Agriculture: wheat, barley, oats,
grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep,
cattle
Industries: petroleum, natural
gas, light industries, mining,
electrical, petrochemical, food
processing
          • Hassiba
            Boulmerka:
            First Algerian to win
            gold medal in the
            Olympic; won the
            gold medal in 1992




Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber                      Nouria Mérah-
Language: 32531853                               Benida:
                                                 Middle distance
Religions: Sunni Muslim                           runner; first
99%, Christian & Jewish 1%          athlete Algerian to win gold
                                    medal at the 2000 Summer
                                    Olympics
Almost all Algerians are
Berber in origin, & not Arab
The minority who identify
themselves as Berber live
mostly in the mountainous      The Berbers are Muslim,
region of Kabylie              but identify
                               with their Berber rather
                               than Arab
                               cultural heritage
                               Berbers have long wanted
                               to become their own
                               country, sometimes
                               violently
•   Red= bloodshed
•   Blue= open blue skies
•   Black= Black people
•   Green= land
•   Yellow= natural resources
•   White= European people
• Rain falls is
  mostly in summer
  & moderate
  throughout most
  of the country
                        • Major Bodies of Water-
                          Atlantic & Indian Oceans
                        • Continent- Africa
                        • Capital City- Cape Town



• Square mileage-
  471,444
• Population- 45,095,495
• Highest Elevation Point-
  Lesotho
• Neighboring Countries-
  Botswana,
  Mozambique, & Namibia
• 1910- South Africa became
  independent from United
  Kingdom but remained self-
  governing
• 1961- South Africa became
  republic
• Until 199- South African law
  divided the population of the
  country
• 1994- the first non-racial
  elections, electing Nelson
  Mandela as president until
  1999
• Type- Parliamentary Democracy
• Independence- 1910
• Past President- Nelson Mandela was
  the first black president of
  South Africa 1994
• Head of Government-
  President Thabo Mbeki
• Currency- 1 Rand = 100
  cents
• Description- Industrial
  Economic development
  was possible by rich
  mineral recourses
• Resources- Gold, iron
  ore, coal, natural gas,
  nickel, tin, gem,
  platinum, copper,
  diamond, phosphates,
  chromium, anti-money,     • Industries- mining
  manganese, uranium          metal working,
  vanadium, & salt            automobile assembly, &
                              food stuffs
• Food- wide variety of spicy food. Burgers & fish’ n
  chips are popular with whites & coloreds.
• Religions- Christian, Hindu, & Muslim
• Art-they are praised around the world for theater
San rock painting in the
central Drakensberg,
KwaZulu-Natal



               Self-portrait (1947) by
               Gerard Sekoto (1913 -
               1993)
Democratic Republic of the
               Maps & Climate




• The annual temperature of Congo is 80 F.
• Part of Congo is in the Northern Hemisphere.
                        Fact File
•   Capital City: Kinshasa

•   Area: 905,567 square miles

•   Population: 47,000,000.


•   Highest Point: Mount Margherita, 16,766 ft.
•   Neighboring Countries: Central African Republic, Sudan,
    Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola,
    Republic of Congo

•   Major Water Bodies: Congo river: and lakes Albert, Edward,
    & Kivu
                        Timeline
• 1890-1908: Belgian forces annex a number of areas of the
  Congo basin, forcing control of trade. Congolese are pressed
  into forced labor to harvest rubber & ivory and to build
  transportation and other infrastructure

• 1971-1973: Mobutu changes the country's name to Zaire &
  foreign interests are nationalize

• 1997: Laurent-Desire Kabila becomes president and re-
  names Zaire the Democratic Republic of Congo

• 2003: The United Nations votes to send a multinational
  peacekeeping force into the Congo. France will lead a force

• 2006: First multi-party parliamentary & presidential elections
  since winning independence from Belgium
            Current Government
• Government:       Semi-Presidential Republic

• President:    Joseph Kabila, the son of slain
 Congo leader Laurent Kabila, assumes the
 presidency of a troubled nation in central
 Africa.




                        • Prime Minister: Antoine Gizenga
                        • Independence: From Belgium
                          since June 30, 1960
                        Economy
• Economy: declined drastically since the mid – 1980’s
• Currency: 1 Congolese franc = 100,000 new zaires
• Chief Agricultural Products: coffee,
  sugar, palm oil, bananas, quinine, rubber, tea,
  fruits, wood products
• Industries: mining, mineral processing,
  consumer products, cement
• Chief Imports: consumer goods, foodstuffs,
  machinery and vehicles, fuels
• Chief Exports: diamonds, copper, cobalt,
  petroleum, coffee.
                          Culture
• Languages: French (official), Lingala,
  Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba
• Religions: Roman Catholicism,
  Protestantism, traditional African religions,
  Islam
• Ethic Groups: Luba , Mongo, Kongo,
  Ruanda, Wongo, & Asande
• Soukous: (African rumba) is a musical
  genre that originated in the two neighboring
  countries of Congo during the 1930s-1940s,
  & which has gained popularity throughout
  Africa.
                      Rainforests
• Rainforest Animals: Common
    chimpanzee & the bonobo (also known as
    the Pygmy Chimpanzee), mountain gorilla,
    okapi & white rhino
                                Mountain Gorilla
•   National Parks: the
                                                   Bonobo
    Garumba, Kahuzi-Biega,
    Salonga & Virunga, & the
    Okapi Wildlife Reserve




                                               Okapi
               White Rhino
•Tropical   in south

•Arid desert   in north

•Rainy season
 (April to October)
•   Capital City: Capital: Khartoum
•   Area: 2,505,810 sq km
•   Border Countries: Central African
    Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic
    of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea,
    Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, & Uganda
•   Major Body of Water: Nile River
•   Highest Point: Kinyeti 3,187 m        Women standing line
                                          for food at WFP food
•   Population: 34,475,690                distribution, Kasab
                                          camp, N Darfur
•   1978: Large findings of oil are made in Bentiu

•   1983: Numieri introduces the Islamic Sharia law

•   1998: USA launches a missile attack on a chemical
    plant in Khartoum for developing chemical weapons

•   2001: Hunger & famine in Sudan affects 3 million
    people & the Nile river floods leaving thousands
    homeless in Sudan

•   2001: More than 14,550 slaves are freed
•   Government Type: transitional—previously ruling
    military junta


•   Chief of State/Government: President Lt. General
    Umar Hassan Ahmad Al-BASHIR

•   Legal System: based mainly on Islamic law

•   Constitution: June 1998

•   Independence: January 1956
•   Industries: cotton ginning,
    textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar,
    soap distilling, shoes, petroleum
    refining

•   Agriculture Products: cotton,
    groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum,
    millet, wheat, gum arabic, sesame,
    & sheep

•   Currency: 1 Sudanese pound
    (£Sd) = 100 piastres 10 Sudanese
    pound (£Sd) = 1 dinar
•   Ethnic groups: black 52%, Arab 39%, & Beja 6%
•   Religions: Sunni Muslim 70%, indigenous beliefs 25%,
    Christian 5%

•   Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse
    dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, & Sudanic languages
• Basketball Players: Deng
 Gai, Luol Deng & Manute Bol
• The Khartoum State
  League: oldest soccer league
                                  •
  in Africa (started in late 1920s) Nuba: A vibrant folk
• Sudan Soccer Association: music played between the
 started in 1954                 north & the south of
                                 Sudan
                               • Kambala: The Nuba
                                 musical harvest festival

				
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