Docstoc

Regional Bureau for West Africa

Document Sample
Regional Bureau for West Africa Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                Regional Bureau for West Africa (ODD)

Expected operational trends in 2005
The Regional Bureau for West Africa (ODD) covers 18 countries: Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire,
Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone and, supervised by the
WFP Central Regional Office based in Cameroon, ODDY, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad ,
Ghana, São Tomé and Principe. Fifteen countries are least developed and 18 low-income food-deficit.
Instability and emergency situations exist in many places, including the ongoing crisis in Liberia, the complex
emergency in Côte d’Ivoire, the Sudanese refugees in Chad and the locust infestation affecting eight of the 18
countries.

Expected major opportunities and challenges
The main destabilizing force foreseen in 2005 is Côte d'Ivoire. As a result of the conflict and political stalemate,
Côte d’Ivoire risks slipping gradually into a deeper state of poverty and food insecurity. Assuming the scenario
of “fragile peace” holds, WFP’s strategy is to shift the present assistance to investments that build longer-term
food security and contribute to peace building by protecting human assets in conflict-affected communities.
Because of the uncertainty of the political situation, WFP is proposing an operation that covers only one year.

Other main features for 2005 will be the repatriation of Liberian refugees from neighbouring countries (mainly
Guinea and Sierra Leone) and the resettlement of Liberian internally displaced persons (IDPs). WFP’s West
Africa Coastal PRRO for the period 2005-2006 foresees a general shift from relief food distributions to targeted
food support to the social sectors. For Liberia, this will mean focusing on resettlement of refugees and IDPs in
their areas of origin while supporting basic social services – particularly primary schools and agricultural
rehabilitation – for these returnees. WFP’s aim is to phase out completely of general food distributions in
Liberia by the end of the operation. Given the slow pace and frequent set-backs in a post-conflict transition
process, however, it is likely that some residual emergency programming will be required in Liberia beyond
2006.

With the recent developments in Darfur, the Western region of Sudan, and their impact on Eastern Chad,
ODDY portfolio has been re-profiled to focus more on emergencies. Planned humanitarian assistance includes
two PRROs to assist victims of armed conflicts in Central African Republic and Chad and one emergency
operation in Chad providing food aid to Sudanese refugees. A potential crisis in Nigeria, a drought or a locust
invasion in Chad could dramatically increase emergency needs within the ODDY region.

Favorable rains recorded in West Africa during the second half of 2003 offered ideal conditions for breeding
and expansion of locusts swarms in the region. Up to now, approximately 2.5 million hectares of land have been
infested by locusts in the Sahel (of which 1.6 million in Mauritania). FAO has embarked on a control and
treatment programme in support of Governments and has requested US$100 million worth of pesticides and
related equipment to contain the spread of the invasions, of which $40 million have been received so far.
However, treated surfaces remain very low, despite the availability of the means deployed to contain the
invasion. This low coverage may result in serious humanitarian consequences in the region, especially with
regards to food security.

In order to estimate the extent of damages on crops and consequences on food security, WFP will carry-out
thorough needs assessments. These will be two-fold. First, participate in the FAO/CILSS1 crop assessment
mission (10-31 October). Second, carry-out WFP's own food security / vulnerability assessments (from 1 to 31
October). The aim is to estimate the degree of vulnerability of populations/erosion of their
coping mechanisms and determine the hardest-hit locations. During the first week of November, a meeting will
be held in Banjul to present the results of the FAO/CILSS mission.

At this stage, indications point towards the elaboration of an EMOP, even with the CILSS/FAO pre-harvest
projections (i.e. potential harvest of 14 million tonnes of cereals or 27 percent above average due to the good
rainfalls, but a possible loss of 25 percent of this harvest due to the locust invasions). Important deficits are

1
    Comité Permanent Inter-états de Lutte contre la Sécheresse au Sahel

                                                                                                                 77
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


expected both in Mali and Mauritania. Prices on local markets are presently stable because of last year’s good
harvest, but that could change very rapidly when the effects of locusts on the present harvest are witnessed.

New Initiatives
The overall aim of the Sahel Alliance is to increase access to basic education and completion of primary cycle
in the Sahel through the provision of a ‘minimum package’ to all schoolchildren living in rural, food insecure
areas. This minimum set of interventions consists of school feeding as well as complementary inputs of school
health, nutrition and basic education support (e.g. provision of potable water, latrines, nutrition and hygiene
education, systematic deworming, micronutrient supplementation, school gardens). Expected results of the
Alliance include expanding school feeding activities from current one million schoolchildren per year to over
six million by 2015, and providing all of these children with the ‘minimum package’.

Already, collaboration between WFP and several organisations such as the African Development Bank (ADB),
the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), UNICEF, and World Vision is being enhanced. In
addition, in order to enlarge the offer of basic education and to "reach the unreached", particularly out-of-school
youth and illiterate women living in remote areas, WFP School Feeding Unit (PSPF) is presently carrying out a
feasibility study in the West Africa region about a possible distance basic education project using food aid. To
date very favourable information indicate that a pilot project targeted at nomadic population could be
formulated and experimented in Mauritania through a joint effort of the Mauritanian Government, the Spanish
Cooperation, the Government of Canaries, Radio ECCA and WFP. Very positive elements indicate that similar
projects could be set up in other Sahelian countries, particularly Mali, Niger and Chad.

ODD will continue tackling the HIV/AIDS pandemic whose prevalence is reported to be very high in the
region, in particular in Central African Republic and Cameroon with rates of over 14 and 12 percent,
respectively. The formulation and reinforcement of activities in support of HIV/AIDS-affected people are
planned in almost all countries, and especially in Central African Republic, Cameroon and Chad where an
assessment mission is currently in the process of formulating a one-year regional pilot PRRO project supporting
an estimated 200,000 HIV/AIDS-affected persons.

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female              Male       Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                               4,249,191          3,662,214   7,911,405
     Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                    215,255          162,645      377,900
     Number of IDP beneficiaries                                                        136,351          121,482      257,833
     Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                   179,370          122,430      301,800
     Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                               589,916          476,667    1,066,583
     Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children     Total
     participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                       200,534            346,044     546,578
                                                                                     Female             Male        Total
     Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       84,150           71,918      156,068
                                                                                       Girls            Boys        Total
     Number of children given school meals                                            1,277,252         1,469,589   2,746,841
     Number of school children given take-home rations                                  229,174             3,300     232,474
      of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                        190,534                       190,534
                                                                                     Female             Male        Total
     Number of participants in food-for-training activities                            141,179           103,130     244,309
     Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                333,352           341,025     674,377




78
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa



                                        West Central Africa Regional

                        (Cameroon, Central African Republic and Chad)


Regional PRRO 10397.0: “Nutritional Support to Vulnerable Groups Infected/Affected by HIV/AIDS”
Duration: Two years (through July 2007)
Total project commitment: 19,000 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

                                                 Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                                    (tonnes)                                      Estimated
                                                                                                                    Value
   Project type                           Cereals             Oil      Pulses         Other             Total     (US$ mill)
   Regional EMOP                             6,455           403           968        1,130            8,957          8.5
   Grand Total                              6,455           403           968         1,130            8,957          8.5

The HIV/AIDS pandemic is acknowledged to be of serious concern in Central African Republic (CAR),
Cameroon and Chad. The prevalence rate in CAR (15 percent) and Cameroon (12 percent) are the highest in the
central Africa sub region. Although the prevalence rate in Chad (8 – 10 percent) appears to be lower as
compared to that of CAR and Cameroon. There has been an exponential increase of affected people over the
last 5 years. The impact of this pandemic is already affecting the food security of vulnerable poor households.

WFP plans to address this issue through a regional two-year PRRO. The main objectives of the programme are:
(i) to provide a nutritional support to affected and infected people by Aids and tuberculosis, (i) to sensitize
vulnerable groups on the role of food aid in the fight against the spread of the disease, (ii) to minimize and
reduce the negative effect on infected and affected households while putting more emphasis on female and child
headed households, (iii) to sensitize and provide technical support to specialised HIV associations by promoting
activities aimed at integrating the infected/affected people into normal working life.
Food aid rations will be targeted to: (i) the infected/affected people and their immediate family, (ii) pregnant
women in order to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission, (iii) activities aimed at integrating the
infected/affected people.

This operation will align its activities to national efforts undertaken by the respective governments of these
countries.

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  28,000            17,000        45,000
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       28,000            17,000        45,000




                                                                                                                                79
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                   Côte d’Ivoire Crisis Regional

                      (Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Mali)


Côte d’Ivoire Crisis Regional PRRO 10372.0: “Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact”
Duration: One year (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 33,677 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

                                          Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                            Estimated
                                                                                                   Value
     Project type                   Cereals            Oil      Pulses   Other         Total     (US$ mill)
     Regional PRRO                   21,950       1,500          3,235    2,059      28,744          21.8
     Grand Total                    21,950       1,500          3,235    2,059       28,744         21.8



In late 2002, an attempted coup d'état, which evolved into a rebellion, propelled Côte d'Ivoire into political and
economic turmoil. As a result, Côte d'Ivoire was divided in half, with the Forces Nouvelles controlling the
economically and politically isolated north, and the Government ruling the country's economic core in the
centre and south. More than one million people - including nationals of Burkina Faso and Mali who have lived
and worked in Côte d'Ivoire for generations, as well as Liberian refugees - have been displaced within Côte
d'Ivoire or sought refuge in surrounding countries. In Côte d'Ivoire, the conflict has provoked short-term food
shortages among vulnerable people and is contributing to a slow deterioration of the longer-term national and
household food security.

The overall goal of this PRRO is to contribute to sub-regional stability and household food security through
food aid interventions that preserve human and productive assets and that encourage recovery prospects of
vulnerable people who have suffered as a result of the crisis in Côte d'Ivoire.

WFP's strategy for the Côte d'Ivoire regional PRRO includes the provision of short-term food assistance to war-
affected populations through general food distribution and selective feeding programmes. WFP will also help
encourage social and economic recovery by providing food to help rebuild and protect human productive assets
through emergency school feeding, support to People Living with HIV/AIDS, food for training and seed
protection. WFP will promote emergency preparedness in the region, through contingency planning and the
shifting of resources to address cross-border movements into Mali, Burkina Faso or Ghana. WFP will also
support the analysis of national food security trends in Côte d'Ivoire and its implications for its neighbours in
order to shape immediate and future food interventions and to assist the Governments in developing longer-term
food security policies and tools.




80
                                                                                                  Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                            Expected Outputs in 2005
The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                Female              Male         Total
Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 451,881            470,621      922,502
Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                      9,790             9,610        19,400
Number of IDP beneficiaries                                                          4,335             4,165         8,500
Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                   109,620            65,680       175,300
Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                96,665            80,585       177,250
Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         1,000               2,800        3,800
                                                                                Female              Male         Total
Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       11,630              9,920       21,550
                                                                                  Girls             Boys         Total
Number of children given school meals                                              210,396           257,624      468,020
Number of school children given take-home rations                                     1,450            3,300        4,750
                                                                                Female              Male         Total
Number of participants in food-for-training activities                                915              1,375        2,290
Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 32,739            43,871        76,610




                                                                                                                             81
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                          West Africa Coastal

                               (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone)

West Africa Coastal PRRO 10064.3: “Post-Conflict Transition in the West Africa Coastal Region”
Duration: Two years (through December 2006)
Total project commitment: 204,884 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

                                           Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                              Estimated
                                                                                                     Value
     Project type                   Cereals            Oil      Pulses     Other        Total      (US$ mill)
     Regional PRRO                    78,991       6,373        11,904    12,231      109,499         83.4
     Grand Total                     78,991       6,373        11,904    12,231      109,499          83.4

Following more than a decade of conflict in Liberia and Sierra Leone, the crisis in the Mano River countries
may finally be subsiding. With the combination of the UN forces overseeing a fragile peace in Liberia and the
ongoing Disarmament, Demobilization, Rehabilitation and Resettlement campaign, the prospects for peace in
Liberia - and sustained recovery in Sierra Leone - have considerably improved. Concerns remain, however, on
Guinea, where internal tensions coupled by decades of hosting refugees require continued and focused
interventions.

The overall objective of WFP's West Africa Coastal PRRO is to contribute to regional stability and household
food security of refugees, returnees, IDPs and affected host communities through food aid interventions which
encourage the long-term recovery prospects of vulnerable people who have suffered as a result of the conflict.
WFP foresees a general shift from relief food distributions to targeted food support to the social sectors.

WFP's strategy for emergency assistance will continue to be through the provision of general rations to
refugees, IDPs and other war-affected vulnerable groups who have almost no alternatives for maintaining basic
food security. This emergency support plays an important humanitarian role as well as contributing to stability
in a still fragile political environment.

At the same time, recovery from generations of conflict, displacement, poor governance, and economic decline
will be based on a dual approach that creates sustainable opportunities in conflict-affected areas. This approach
will include support of resettlement in areas of origin, facilitating the integration of refugees who decide to stay
in host communities, and re-establishing rural livelihoods, particularly agricultural rehabilitation, as well as
support of the re-establishment of basic social infrastructure with an emphasis on education and primary health
care. Emergency school feeding and agricultural rehabilitation are the cornerstones of WFP's recovery
approach, and they also play a crucial role in re-establishing a sense of normalcy and community to war-
affected populations.

Throughout 2005, the intervention will assist 943,000 people in Liberia with 89,000 tonnes of food, 169,000
people in Sierra Leone with 14,000 tonnes and 294,000 people in Guinea with 17,000 tonnes.




82
                                                                                                  Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                            Expected Outputs in 2005
The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                Female              Male         Total
Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 776,396            684,259     1,460,655
Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                     55,825            45,675       101,500
Number of IDP beneficiaries                                                        121,016           107,317       228,333
Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                    66,000            54,000       120,000
Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                               243,241           210,592       453,833
Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
participating in MCH/Supplementary feeding                                         9,765              11,892       21,657
                                                                                Female              Male         Total
Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       6,565               5,935       12,500
                                                                                  Girls             Boys         Total
Number of children given school meals                                              334,870           332,130      667,000
Number of school children given take-home rations                                   55,814                         55,814
 of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         55,814                         55,814
                                                                                Female              Male         Total
Number of participants in food for training activities                              8,298              5,402       13,700
Number of participants in food for work activities                                 44,658            73,375       118,033




                                                                                                                             83
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                West Africa Coastal Regional SO

                    (Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone)

West Africa Coastal Regional SO 10061.3: “Air Passenger Service in West Africa Coastal Countries: Côte
d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone”
Duration: One year (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: US$ 3.04 million
Under preparation - subject to approval

                                            Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                                 (tonnes)                              Estimated
                                                                                                         Value
     Project type                   Cereals                Oil      Pulses       Other      Total      (US$ mill)
     Regional SO                            n/a            n/a             n/a        n/a        n/a      3.0
     Grand Total                        -              -               -          -          -            3.0

In October 2001, WFP started special operation 10061.0 and established an Air Operations Unit in Conakry for
its management and implementation. A passenger aircraft has since facilitated the movement between Guinea,
Sierra Leone and Liberia of humanitarian personnel serving 139 organizations (UN, NGOs and donors) and
transported urgently needed non-food items. In October 2002, the operational range of the air service was
extended to include Abidjan as well as two secondary airports in northern Côte d'Ivoire.

The objectives of this project continue to be the following:
   • provide efficient air services to humanitarian agencies in Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra
       Leone;
   • move high-energy foods and perishable cargo such as medical supplies and vaccines;
   • carry out staff medical and security evacuations; and
   • enhance the cost-effectiveness of regional humanitarian efforts and enhance coordination between Côte
       d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

More than 16,000 passengers from various UN agencies, NGOs and donor governments have used this service
since it commenced in October 2001. During the first seven months of 2004, WFP's air operation served 5,611
passengers from 59 different organizations, provided three medical evacuations and transported 9.2 tonnes of
cargo to different locations in West Africa Coastal countries. Due to security constraints, air service in Liberia
and Northern Côte d'Ivoire was limited. WFP's air service provided more than 100 hours of flight time per
week.

The concept of User Group Committees was introduced in all countries served by the operation to improve
management of the service and better assess the humanitarian community needs with the objective to provide a
safe, efficient and economical air transportation service.




84
                                                                                        Regional Bureau – West Africa



                                                       Benin

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Benin, a least developed and low-income food-deficit country with a high population growth rate and limited
natural resources, ranks 161st of 177 countries in the 2004 UNDP Human Development Report. National
agricultural production is increasing slowly, but food is not always accessible to the poorest and most
vulnerable people, mainly children and women. Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy and exploitation –
particularly of young girls and women – are rampant. Macro-economic improvements have little or no impact
on most of the people: 33 percent of the population live below the national poverty line; mortality among
children under 5 is 156 per 1,000 compared with 140 per 1,000 in 1998; illiteracy is 60.2 percent among adults
and estimated at 44.5 percent among adolescents.

Current trends show that the national goal of universal primary education remains a distant prospect.
Exploitation and mistreatment of children and young people continue. Resources from the Government,
families and private charities for these sectors are severely constrained. To address these problems, WFP’s
strategy is to promote formal and non-formal education, first by enhancing enrolment and attendance in areas
where culture do not encourage learning, especially for girls, and second, by assisting Government and civil
institutions that provide shelter, food, security and education to orphans, handicapped people, abandoned
children and mistreated young people.

                                            Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                               Estimated
                                                                                                      Value
     Project type                     Cereals          Oil     Pulses      Other         Total      (US$ mill)
     Development Project               3,720         266         463        288         4,737           3.4
     Grand Total                       3,720         266         463        288         4,737           3.4


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Benin 10308.0: “Formal and Non-Formal Education”
Duration: Five years (through December 2008)
Total project commitment: 23,669 tonnes

This WFP-assisted project, which started on 1 July 2004, aims at supporting government and local
communities' efforts to develop education and promote parity between boys and girls in the poorest and most
food insecure areas of Benin and to offer security and education to youth in distressed situations in order to
ensure their eventual integration in the country's socio-economic life.

In keeping with this strategy, the project will provide assistance through school feeding (canteens and dry
rations for girls and their families and food for girls boarding schools) and through the provision of food to
social or charitable institutions sheltering and training children and youth in difficult situations, especially girls.

In 2005, WFP will provide food aid to 68,300 beneficiaries. This represents 35,500 boys and 32,800 girls
between 5 and 18 years of age through 320 school canteens, 70 boarding schools and 210 orphanage, take-home
rations (6,000 girls) and girls shelters and training centres (7,100 girls).




                                                                                                                    85
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  32,800          35,500      68,300
                                                                                       Girls           Boys       Total
     Number of children given school meals                                               27,200          34,000     61,200
     Number of school children given take-home rations                                     6,000                     6,000
      of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                           6,000                     6,000
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             5,600             1,500      7,100




(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations
None

(d) Special operations
None




86
                                                                                   Regional Bureau – West Africa



                                              Burkina Faso

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Burkina Faso is a land-locked least developed country which suffers from high food insecurity and recurrent
drought resulting in cereal shortages. Some 45 percent of the population live below the poverty line.

The country programme (CP), which targets vulnerable populations in 25 of the poorest and most food-insecure
provinces in the country, supports the Government's strategic priorities in three sectors: education, health and
rural development.

The country programme aims to:
   • facilitate the investment of poor families in the development of their human potential through education
       and training by supporting the Government's yearly literacy campaign and school feeding programmes;
   • contribute to the Government's efforts to improve preventive health care and nutrition by providing
       food assistance to clinics that cater for vulnerable groups (women and children) and people living with
       HIV/AIDS (PLWHA);
   • assist poor families in acquiring and maintaining assets through food-for-asset activities and reducing
       the impact of cyclical droughts through support to cereal banks.

Under the regional PRRO 10372.0 "Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact", WFP will support the efforts of
the Government of Burkina Faso to deal with displaced and refugee populations and reduce the impact of
returnees on already fragile communities, particularly in the case of possible massive influxes.

                                         Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                         (tonnes)                             Estimated
                                                                                                Value
     Project type                  Cereals         Oil     Pulses     Other         Total     (US $ mill)
     Country Programme                 865        162        613        -          1,640          1.0
     Grand Total                       865        162        613        -          1,640         1.0


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Burkina Faso CP 10000.0, Activity 1: “Rural Development”
Duration: Three years and 6 months (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 6,822 tonnes

The population of Burkina Faso relies heavily on agriculture as a means of subsistence (86 percent of the
population). The population growth still outweighs efforts to improve the agricultural production. Today, more
than 45 percent of the population live below the poverty line and 81 percent on less than US$2 a day.

The Government's Strategy Document on the Fight against Poverty prioritizes food security through rural
development. WFP's rural development activity seeks to improve food security by contributing to an increase in
agricultural production and household income through improved local management of natural resources. In
addition, the activity promotes community organization and self-help through the establishment of cereal banks
managed by village-based committees. The main objectives are to: (i) protect, rehabilitate and improve
degraded land; (ii) increase the availability of water resources; and (iii) establish cereal banks.

Under this activity, WFP targets the poorest most food insecure regions (Sahel, Central Plateau and Eastern
Zones) and assists on average 115,000 beneficiaries a year depending on the performance of the previous
agricultural year and demand for cereal banks.
                                                                                                             87
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  60,044          55,426     115,470
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 30,022          27,713      57,735


Burkina Faso CP 10000.0, Activity 2: “Support to Basic Education-Literacy and School Feeding”
Duration: Five years and 9 months (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 13,751 tonnes

The literacy and school enrolment rates in Burkina Faso are among the lowest in the world. This activity
contributes to supporting the Government's efforts to improve the national literacy rate by enabling people to
invest in their human potential. Food assistance is provided to local community-based and nongovernmental
organizations that carry out education activities.

About 117,000 beneficiaries, primarily women, are targeted to receive food aid during literacy classes. Food
assistance is also provided to care-givers and children so that women with families can participate in education
activities.

A pilot primary school feeding project aiming at supporting Government's efforts to improve enrolment and
retention rates, reduce absenteeism and encourage girls' education was incorporated into the activity. The
project targets 28,540 pupils of rural schools in ten of the poorest and most food insecure provinces in the
country. In addition to improved school attendance, food aid is provided to relieve short-term hunger, thus
improving children's concentration and learning capacity.

A baseline school feeding survey was carried out to ensure that monitoring and evaluation activities correctly
reflect changes in key indicators over time. The pilot project is synchronized with the "Sahel Alliance for
Action", a regional thematic initiative for strengthening school feeding and complementary activities in nine
Sahelian countries.

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 135,828          89,136     224,964
                                                                                       Girls           Boys       Total
     Number of children given school meals                                               14,270          14,270     28,540
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             70,188          46,792     116,980


Burkina Faso CP 10000.0, Activity 3: “Support to Primary Health Care”
Duration: Five years and 9 months (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 15,990 tonnes

In Burkina Faso, infant mortality rate stands at 105.3 and under five mortality at 219.1 per 1,000 live
births. Maternal mortality is estimated at 484 deaths per 100,000 live births. Malnutrition is also a major source
of concern. In 2003, UNAIDS estimated the HIV/AIDS infection rate at 6.5 percent, placing Burkina Faso with
the second highest incidence in the West Africa region.

Under this activity, WFP supports the Government's preventive health care strategy by providing supplementary
food rations to malnourished children (6 to 59 months old) and to expectant and lactating women at risk, with

88
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


the aim to: (i) improve the nutritional status of vulnerable groups with increased food availability at household
level; (ii) contribute to the promotion of health and nutritional education for community women attending
health centers; and (iii) encourage regular attendance at health centers.

In 2005, WFP will continue to support the Government's HIV/AIDS strategy of promoting prevention and
sensitization activities as well as improving the nutritional status of PLWHA, by providing food aid through
community-based organizations to 19,250 HIV/AIDS-affected people, orphan/vulnerable children, widows and
TB patients.

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  51,680            36,320        88,000
    Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
    participating in MCH/Supplementary feeding                                        17,940              60,060       78,000
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       10,250              9,000       19,250



(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to Regional Côte d’Ivoire Crisis Regional PRRO 10372.0: “Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional
Impact”, in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in 2005 are as
follows:

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  98,660            56,340       155,000
    Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                    98,660            56,340       155,000
    Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                39,000            26,000        65,000
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 9,750               5,250       15,000




(d) Special operations
None




                                                                                                                                 89
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                          Cameroon

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Cameroon is a low-income food-deficit country with 15 million inhabitants and an annual population growth
rate of 2.7 percent. The 2004 UNDP Human Development Report ranks Cameroon 141st out of 177 countries,
with a Human Development Index rating of 0.501. In line with WFP strategic priorities 2 and 4, the objective of
the country programme for 2003–2007 is to help reduce poverty in a sustainable manner by promoting basic
education and increasing food security through creation of assets for the most vulnerable households. WFP’s
intervention targets three provinces including Adamaoua, North and the Far North highly prone to food
insecurity and will (i) address low school attendance rates and gender inequalities in education in the three
northern provinces and (ii) address food insecurity through food for work (FFW), particularly among women,
who constitute 70 percent of subsistence farmers.

Sixty seven thousands school children receive food assistance under school feeding activities annually and an
average of 24,500 people receive food assistance to protect the livelihoods in crisis situations and to enhance
their resilience to shocks annually.

                                                  Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                                    (tonnes)                                   Estimated
                                                                                                                 Value
      Project type                         Cereals            Oil     Pulses         Other             Total   (US$ mill)
      Country Programme                      1,844            14         172            55         2,085           1.0
      Grand Total                            1,844            14         172            55         2,085           1.0


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Cameroon CP 10214.0, Activity 1: “School Feeding”
Duration: Five years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 18,752 tonnes

School feeding aims at providing food aid to government primary schools of the poorest and remote
communities of the targeted three provinces. WFP will provide one meal a day during lunch break to each
school child and supply 50 kg of cereals (maize) to every girl of grades 5,6 and 7 at the end of each term as a
take-home ration. WFP's assistance aims at (i) increasing the number of children attending primary schools in
poor areas affected by food insecurity, (ii) increasing food intake and (iii) encouraging parents to send their
children to school, in particular girls, though improving the attendance rate and reducing dropouts.

Each year, the total average number of beneficiaries will be 67,000 children for school feeding, 11,000 girls for
take-home ration.

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female             Male        Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  26,130           40,870       67,000
                                                                                       Girls            Boys        Total
     Number of children given school meals                                               26,130           40,870      67,000
     Number of school children given take-home rations                                   11,000                       11,000
      of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         11,000                       11,000



90
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


Cameroon CP 10214.0, Activity 2: “Food Security”
Duration: Five years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 6,096 tonnes

The activity includes two components: building and managing cereal banks and increasing food stocks in food-
insecure areas and promoting participation of poor rural communities in rural infrastructure works, aiming at
opening up remote areas and improving food production.

The activities will focus on women's participation in decisions making at all levels of implementation. Women
will improve their knowledge and contribute to reducing food insecurity and malnutrition in their communities.
The beneficiaries are approximately 120,000 people a year for community cereal banks and 2,688 beneficiaries
for FFW.

                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female             Male          Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                   85,902           36,786        122,688
                                                                                    Female             Male          Total
   Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                    273                  111            384


(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to Regional PRRO 10397.0, “Assistance to Vulnerable Groups and People Suffering from
Chronic Diseases”, in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in
2005 are as follows:

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  10,000              5,000       15,000
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       10,000              5,000       15,000


(d) Special operations
None




                                                                                                                                   91
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                         Cape Verde

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Cape Verde, a small archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean located about 500 km west off the Senegalese coast, is a
least developed, low-income food-deficit country which suffers from recurrent drought and both limited and
irregular rainfall. In a good year, the country may produce ten percent of its domestic food requirements. About
37 percent of the population live in poverty (of which almost 20 percent in absolute poverty). The current food
security situation is quite stable but remains very vulnerable, as the local food production is structurally
deficient and the country fully dependent on imports and food aid. Despite the Government's strategy of price
stability and market supply, the risks of food insecurity are permanent, especially for the poor.

In Cape Verde, WFP is implementing a five-year development project whose main objective is to support the
Government’s policy to modernize and consolidate the education system.

                                                  Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                                    (tonnes)                                   Estimated
                                                                                                                 Value
      Project type                         Cereals            Oil     Pulses         Other             Total   (US$ mill)
      Development Project                      270            15          -            293             578         0.3
      Grand Total                              270            15          -            293             578         0.3


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Cape Verde 06263.0: “Assistance to Primary School and Kindergarten Canteens”
Duration: Five years and 3 months (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 11,489 tonnes

This WFP-assisted project in Cape Verde aims to support Government policy to modernize and consolidate the
education system. Important progress has been made since basic education became universally available in
1991 and the focus is now on quality aspects.

The objective of WFP school feeding project consists in relieving children from short-term hunger and
maintaining/consolidating previous educational achievements (high enrolment rates, low drop-out rates). In
addition to these initial objectives, food assistance is also an efficient instrument for promoting poverty
reduction. Poorest households spend 56 percent of their budget on food and only 31 percent on basic social
services (education 0.26 percent, health services one percent). In a national context of increasing poverty, WFP
food assistance contributes to social development and ensures that the most vulnerable have access to adequate
food. As in Cape Verde poverty and food insecurity are not area-restricted, but nationwide concerns, WFP
assistance covers 100 percent of the primary schools and about 62 percent of the kindergartens.

In 2004-2005, WFP plans to support 108,000 school and kindergarten children, of whom 52,920 girls.

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female             Male        Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  52,920           55,080      108,000
                                                                                       Girls            Boys        Total
     Number of children given school meals                                               52,920           55,080     108,000



92
                                                Regional Bureau – West Africa



(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations
None

(d) Special operations
None




                                                                          93
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                             Central African Republic

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Central African Republic is a least developed low-income food-deficit country and ranks 169th of 177 countries
in the bottom ten on the 2004 UNDP Human Development Report. Rebellions and insecurity since 1996
culminated in a change of government in March 2003. The economy of this land-locked country has been
declining for a decade, with particular impact on the poorest people. About 60 percent of the population live
below the poverty line. Nutritional deficiencies are widespread, affecting most age groups. The country has a 15
percent prevalence of HIV/AIDS, the highest in the region. WFP aims to improve living conditions among the
neediest people by targeting schoolchildren, pregnant and lactating women and young children in the health and
nutrition sectors.

In view of the post-conflict situation, the overall economic failure and the trend in the humanitarian situation, it
is likely that the situation will not improve. WFP will continue to provide relief assistance and start recovery
operations to pave the way for sustainable development.

                                                  Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                                    (tonnes)                                    Estimated
                                                                                                                  Value
      Project type                         Cereals            Oil     Pulses         Other             Total    (US$ mill)
      Development Projects                   1,229          111          173           378         1,891            1.6
      Single Country PRRO                    4,767          211          524           586         6,088            4.8
      Grand Total                            5,996          322          697           964         7,979            6.4

II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Central African Republic 05837.0: “Improving the Nutritional Status of the Most Vulnerable
Communities”
Duration: Five years and six months (through September 2005)
Total project commitment: 9,873 tonnes

Access to primary health care is available to less than 25 percent of the population. Net enrolment in primary
education is 43 percent. Priority areas are education of children and health and nutrition, especially for pregnant
women, nursing mothers and infants. WFP assistance supports the Government's plan for poverty alleviation
and has the following objectives: (i) improving the nutritional status of malnourished children by providing
rations to nutrition centres; (ii) improving the nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women, (iii) increasing
school attendance, particularly among girls; and (iv) reducing drop-out among pre-school and primary school
students.
                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female             Male         Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  29,750           36,525        66,275
     Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children      Total
     participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         2,625              16,650      19,275
                                                                                     Female             Male         Total
     Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       4,433              5,442        9,875
                                                                                       Girls            Boys         Total
     Number of children given school meals                                               15,200           22,800       38,000


94
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


Central African Republic 10361.0: “Support for Education for All and Health”
Duration: Four years (through September 2009)
Total project commitment: 20,372 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

The project will be assisting the Central African Government in its efforts to achieve the United Nations
Millennium Development Goals related to primary education for all and improved health amongst women and
children. The project has been conceived to mobilize local community involvement in stimulating the
attendance of children at school and pregnant and lactating women at health clinics. The project beneficiaries
are primary school children (80 percent), malnourished children under the age of five (10 percent), and pregnant
women and nursing mothers (10 percent). During the whole project life, WFP will assist a total of 550,000
hungry poor, half of whom are girls and women.

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  46,938            60,562       107,500
    Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
    participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         1,250               3,125        4,375
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       6,994               9,024       16,018
                                                                                      Girls             Boys         Total
    Number of children given school meals                                               41,000            59,000      100,000


(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Central African Republic PRRO 10189.0/10189.1: “Assistance to Populations Affected by Armed Conflicts
in the Central African Republic”
Duration: Two years and 9 months (through June 2005) for 10189.0
           Two years (through June 2007) for 10189.1
Total project commitment: 10,833 tonnes (10189.0); 9,144 tonnes (10189.1)
10189.1 “Assistance to Populations in Post-Conflict Situation”: under preparation – subject to approval

Recurrent fighting and economic failure have resulted in displacement of large numbers of people and increased
poverty, food insecurity and vulnerability. The PRRO, which replaces previous emergency operations, aims to
provide relief and recovery assistance to some 140,000 beneficiaries in 2005. The main objectives are: (i)
improve the nutritional situation of vulnerable groups, (ii) improve household food security of IDPs and
returnees, and (iii) facilitate human resource development and assets creation through training and income-
generating activities.

It is anticipated that the planned general elections in February 2005 and the subsequent return to democratic rule
will lead to the repatriation from Chad of some 40,000 Central African refugees and a return to normal life for
the populations living in post-conflict situations. PRRO 10189.1 will aim to provide relief assistance to the
anticipated returnees from Chad and a safety net for 15,000 of the most vulnerable, including abandoned
children and the elderly. The recovery component will assist some 105,000 people and contribute to human
resource development and assets creation through training and income generating activities, especially for
women and adolescent girls.



                                                                                                                                95
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                       Female            Male         Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                   58,250          71,800       130,050
      Number of IDP beneficiaries                                                            3,000           2,000       5,000
      Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                       3,000           2,000       5,000
      Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                              Women            Children      Total
      participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                          1,650              7,400       9,050
                                                                                       Female            Male         Total
      Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                        12,991          14,153        27,144
                                                                                        Girls            Boys         Total
      Number of children given school meals                                               40,000           60,000      100,000
                                                                                       Female            Male         Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                              2,050              1150        3,200
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                  5,000             4,000        9,000




Please refer to Regional PRRO 10397.0, “Assistance to Vulnerable Groups and People Suffering from
Chronic Diseases”, in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in
2005 are as follows:

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female             Male         Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  15,000           10,000        25,000
                                                                                     Female             Male         Total
     Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       15,000           10,000        25,000


(d) Special operations
None




96
                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa



                                                     Chad

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Chad is a least developed and low-income food-deficit country ranked 167th of 177 countries in the UNDP
Human Development Report for 2004. Eighty percent of the population is depending on agro-pastoral activities
for their livelihoods.

The central and eastern Chad is particularly affected by chronic food deficits and the recent arrival of
approximately 200,000 Sudanese refugees from Darfur, which has put additional pressure on limited resources
has left the local population highly vulnerable to external shocks. In 2005, the emergency operation (EMOP) is
expecting to provide assistance to 225,000 refugees and 25,000 local residents through food-for-work (FFW)
activities, which will continue as long as the prevailing insecurity persists. The EMOP is supported by two
special operations (Humanitarian Air Service and Augmentation of Logistics Capacities).

The ongoing WFP’s five-year country programme (2001–2005) provides support in the following sectors:
education, rural development, health and nutrition and disaster prevention and mitigation. The target
beneficiaries of the country programme are primary school children, malnourished children and their mothers,
pregnant women and poor farming communities affected by poor harvests.

The Southern Chad - Amboko and Yaroungou camps- is host to approximately 32,000 refugees from Central
African Republic (CAR) who sought asylum following military confrontations between Government forces and
rebels groups in 2002. To date, ongoing political and social instability within CAR have led to a deterioration of
the security situation in the northern part of CAR. Their return is not foreseen in the short term. During 2005,
WFP will continue providing food assistance to refugees and returnees through a PRRO, which targets
approximately 32,000 refugees and returnees.

                                          Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                          (tonnes)                             Estimated
                                                                                                 Value
     Project type                   Cereals         Oil     Pulses      Other        Total     (US$ mill)
     Country Programme               1,405          38         32      1,962        3,437          2.8
     Single Country EMOP            21,215       1,111      1,895      1,419       25,640         27.7
     Single Country PRRO             5,246         349      1,161        314        7,070          6.3
     Special Operation                  n/a         n/a       n/a         n/a         n/a          9.5
     Grand Total                    27,866       1,498      3,088      3,695       36,147          46.3

II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Chad CP 10018.0, Activity 1: “Assistance to Primary Schools and Education”
Duration: Five years (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 20,009 tonnes

The objective is to support basic education by feeding primary school children in chronic food-deficit areas
with a view to promoting regular attendance and fewer drop-outs, with an emphasis on support to girls. In its
first years, this activity increased girls' enrolment and attendance by 40 percent and helped to alleviate short-
term hunger and chronic malnutrition. The results have gone beyond expectations as girls outnumbered boys in
some areas, particularly in grades 1-3, with good retention rates in higher grades where the number of girls is
usually low.


                                                                                                               97
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


Continued support to primary schools would have positive effects on literacy rates among women - but resource
scarcity forced WFP to downsize this activity. The consequences could include (i) loss of the confidence
created through sensitization work, (ii) reduced enrolment and retention, especially girls, and (iii) loss of
confidence among stakeholders and parent-teacher associations.

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  55,000          70,000     125,000
                                                                                       Girls           Boys       Total
     Number of children given school meals                                               55,000          70,000    125,000
     Number of school children given take-home rations                                   18,000                     18,000
      of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         18,000                     18,000


Chad CP 10018.0, Activity 2: “Food Security and Rural Development”
Duration: Two years and 6 months (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 4,405 tonnes

The specific objective of this food-for-work project is to improve food security of populations at risk in rural
areas through the sustainable use of natural resources. It will tackle the negative effects of climatic changes
such as rainfall shortage, drought and soil degradation by channeling assistance to farming communities.
Planned activities are soil and water conservation structures, gully control works, water wells for domestic use,
earth dams in small watersheds and opening up of access routes to markets. In 2005, project beneficiaries will
be some 25,000 subsistence farmers and cattle breeders (totaling 125,000 persons including their family
members) organized in associations in targeted farming communities in rural parts of the Sahelian Zone.
Women will constitute 50 percent of the work force. WFP food aid, in collaboration with NGOs operating in
the same areas, will be used to create assets and to serve as a cushioning mechanism during the lean period
when food stocks are low. Major activities in this area of FFW include: (i) soil and water conservation; (ii) rural
roads constructions; (iii) water pounds construction; and (iv) market gardening.

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
     The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  69,000          56,000     125,000
                                                                                     Female            Male       Total
     Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 15,000          10,000      25,000




Chad CP 10018.0, Activity 3: “Assistance to Nutritional Rehabilitation and Education of Vulnerable
Groups”
Duration: Five years, through December 2005
Total project commitment: 3,474 tonnes

This project combats the effects of severe malnutrition, which is prevalent among vulnerable groups in Kanem
and Batha prefectures in the Sahelian zone of the country. Its objectives are to contribute to nutritional
rehabilitation of children under five who are suffering from malnutrition and have been admitted to therapeutic
and supplementary nutritional centers. The project also encourages expectant and nursing women to visit the
health and social centers on a regular basis. Participants are given training in infant/young child feeding and
sanitation through practical demonstrations. In 2005, WFP will assist 22,000 severely and moderately
malnourished children aged 6-36 months, their mothers, and expectant and lactating women.

98
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female             Male          Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                    15,000             7,000        22,000
   Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                              Women             Children        Total
   participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                          8,800              13,200        22,000


Chad CP 10018.0, Activity 4: “Reserve Fund for Disaster Mitigation and Prevention”
Duration: Five years, through December 2005
Total project commitment: 2,871 tonnes

Chad is subject to recurrent drought and uneven rainfall distribution, which result in accelerated desertification,
flood damage to productive assets and natural resource degradation. Specific objectives of this activity are to
assist populations affected by natural disasters who are food insecure with general distributions, contribute to
the preservation of assets and the promotion of disaster preparedness through training and FFW activities. For
2005, an estimated 25,000 women and children, handicapped people, farming communities whose livelihoods
are affected by natural disasters will benefit from WFP assistance. Basic activities would be in the areas of FFW
including: soil and water conservation, rural roads, tree planting, training in the areas of environment
awareness, in the fight again desertification and the exploitation of community common goods/assets and their
conservation for future generations.

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  13,000            12,000        25,000
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 3,000               2,000        5,000


(b) Emergency operations

Chad EMOP 10327.0/1: “Emergency assistance to Sudanese Refugees in North East of Chad”
Duration: One year and 6 months (through June 2005) for 10327.0
           6 months (though December 2005) for 10327.1
Total project commitment: 60,031 tonnes (10327.0); 26,352 tonnes (10327.1)
10327.1: Under preparation – subject to approval

The ongoing conflict in the three states of Darfur (Western Sudan) has displaced and disrupted the livelihoods
of an estimated 1,000,000 people since April 2003. An estimated 200,000 refugees have fled to Chad as a result
of widespread burning, looting and killing. Given the insecurity in the Darfur area it is not envisioned that the
Sudanese refugees will be able to return safely in the coming future. Given their extremely vulnerable condition
and the lack of coping mechanisms, emergency food assistance is planned for 225,000 refugees under the
general distribution coupled with targeted supplementary feeding programmes and therapeutic feeding
programmes.

In addition, provision has also been made to assist the host communities through food-for-work (FFW)
programmes for 25,000 beneficiaries. Local communities in Chad have hosted Sudanese refugees putting their
household food security situation under pressure. Such programmes seek to improve the food security of
communities most affected by refugee influx. To minimize the environmental impact of the refugee population,
WFP is exploring the possibility of FFW activities to support environmentally-sensitive projects in south-
eastern Chad, given the scarcity of water and natural resources in the region.


                                                                                                                                 99
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 150,000           100,000     250,000
      Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                    133,000           92,000     225,000
      Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                               133,000           92,000     225,000
      Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children     Total
      participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         3,550              69,450     73,000
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 12,500           12,500       25,000


(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Chad PRRO 10391.0: “Assistance to Central African Republic Refugees in Southern Chad”
Duration: One year (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 7,070 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

The southern region of Chad (Maro, Sido, Dannamadji and Goré), since 2002, have been host to an estimated
refugee population of 40,000 from Central African Republic (CAR) who sought refuge following conflicts
between Central African Government forces and armed opposition. To date, the absence of adequate and
organized administration in northern CAR indicates that the refugees return is not foreseen in the short term.

During 2005, WFP will continue providing food assistance to 32,000 refugees. The food assistance will
contribute to saving lives, meeting the specific needs of vulnerable groups and reinforcing refugee survival
mechanisms.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  16,640           15,360       32,000
      Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                     16,640           15,360      32,000
      Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                16,640           15,360      32,000
      Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children     Total
      participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         1,036               3,000      4,036




Please refer to Regional PRRO 10397.0, “Assistance to Vulnerable Groups and People Suffering from
Chronic Diseases”, in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in
2005 are as follows:

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  3,000              2,000       5,000
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       3,000              2,000       5,000




100
                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa


(d) Special operations

Chad SO 10338.1: “WFP Humanitarian Air Services in Chad in Support of EMOP 10327.1 Emergency
Assistance to Sudanese Refugees in Northeast Chad”
Duration: One year (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: US$ 3.0 million
Under preparation – subject to approval

The current phase of humanitarian air services in SO in support of Sudanese Refugees from Darfur is ending on
December 31, 2004. The next phase of this special operation is currently under preparation as continued air
services will be required to support the humanitarian intervention in remote area of operations.

Distances between the main areas of humanitarian activities and the humanitarian community bases are vast
with road conditions in a poor state and the security situation imposing a high risk on road travel. It takes
approximately two days to travel the 900 km from N'Djamena to Abeche due to the extremely poor conditions
of the roads. Traveling from Abeche to Tine (a 350 km distance) can take up to ten hours by road due to the
unfavorable conditions. Furthermore, there is very little or non-existent secure accommodation for humanitarian
workers on these routes. Many of these roads will become impassable during the rainy season as the water-
levels rise so high that the roads are either blocked by wadis (a river bed full of water) or vehicles cannot pass
due to mud. The government of Chad installs every year (generally from May/June to October) barriers
suspending all transport on laterite roads in order to prevent them from further deterioration.

WFP will continue to provide the air service to the humanitarian community with following objectives: (i) a
safe, economical, efficient and effective passenger air transport service to enable movement of UN and NGO
personnel and representatives of the donor community, to and from areas in Chad that are not accessible by
surface means or safely by commercial transport and other centres in the region; (ii) a light cargo capability and,
where necessary, a cargo aircraft for the movement of oversized equipment and commodities to areas which are
completely inaccessible by overland means; and (iii) a service where no other service is available and the
evacuation of humanitarian workers in the event of a security/medical evacuation (subject to aircraft capabilities
and performance).

Chad SO 10390.0: “Logistics Augmentation in Support of EMOP 10327.0 Emergency Assistance to
Sudanese Refugees in North Eastern Chad”
Duration: 5.5 months (through February 2005)
Total project commitment: US$ 6.5 million

The remoteness of the area and logistical challenges related to poor infrastructure and the rainy season have
rendered access difficult.

Given the logistical constraints and challenges faced in East Chad, augmentation is required to improve the
logistics capacity of the operation to ensure the timely delivery of food aid to approximately 200,000 Sudanese
refugees. WFP needs to ensure that it has sufficient transport and operational support capacity to meet the needs
of the beneficiaries. This means the need to put in place in targeted logistics and operational hubs for necessary
operational support structure to guarantee improved security, living and working conditions for WFP staff. This
special operation consists of 6 components: (i) provision of temporary office and living accommodations; (ii)
provision of warehouse and operational support equipment; (iii) augmentation of ICT equipment and
infrastructure to ensure Minimum Security Telecom Standards (MISTS) and Minimum Operating Security
Standards (MOSS) compliance for the safety of field staff; (iv) enhancements to both Libyan and (v) Douala
supply corridors; as well as (vi) a contingency for airlift and airdropping of emergency food aid.




                                                                                                               101
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                Côte d’Ivoire

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

In Côte d'Ivoire, the conflict has provoked food insecurity among vulnerable people, especially in the North due
to economic embargo of Forces Nouvelles territory and in the West due to conflict and destruction. Adverse
factors include massive displacement, insecurity, the loss or disruption of at least two agricultural seasons, the
discontinuation of social services and the collapse of food and cash-crop markets as a result of the division of
the country and extortionist roadblocks.

In this environment, WFP's goal is to contribute to stability and household food security through food aid
interventions that preserve human and productive assets and that encourage recovery prospects of vulnerable
people who have suffered as a result of the crisis.

Under PRRO 10372.0 “Côte d’Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact”, WFP is assisting refugees and internally
displaced persons in camps in Côte d'Ivoire with general rations. Other displaced persons staying with host
families, recent internal returnees, and other crisis-affected populations receive general rations or food for work.
Food for agriculture activities include seed protection ration distributions in partnership with FAO as well as
local and international NGOs.

WFP has a significant school feeding programme in Côte d'Ivoire with 465,000 pupils to be assisted in 2005.
Vulnerable groups are assisted by WFP through medical service related NGOs. WFP has initiated pilot projects
to combat HIV/AIDS in Côte d'Ivoire, whereby food aid complements of medicine and counselling services are
provided by NGOs.


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities
None

(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to Côte d’Ivoire Crisis Regional PRRO 10372.0: “Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact”,
in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in 2005 are as follows:




102
                                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 327,420            368,380      695,800
   Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                      4,590             4,410         9,000
   Number of IDP beneficiaries                                                          4,335             4,165         8,500
   Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                     5,100             4,900        10,000
   Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                47,175            45,325        92,500
   Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
   participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         1,000               2,800        3,800
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       9,900               8,100       18,000
                                                                                     Girls             Boys         Total
   Number of children given school meals                                              209,250           255,750      465,000
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 12,650            10,350        23,000



(d) Special operations

Please refer to West Africa Coastal SO Regional 10061.3: “Air Passenger Service in West Africa
Coastal Countries: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire”, in the section of Regional Bureau for
West Africa for details.




                                                                                                                                103
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                The Gambia

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

The Gambia is a low-income food-deficit country ranked 155th out of 177 in the UNDP Human Development
Report for 2004. It is located in the Sahel and experiences occasional drought and floods. Seventy-five percent
of the population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. Agricultural production has been declining since
1990 as a result of several factors which include environmental and soil degradation, declining/poor distribution
of rainfall, weak market infrastructure, lack of access to credit – especially for women- and a limited resource
base. Domestic food production cannot keep pace with population growth and only meets 50 percent of national
food requirements.

Malnutrition is a major concern: 17 percent of children under five are stunted while 9 to 11 percent suffer from
acute malnutrition. Enrolment rates in primary schools are low (73 percent) and repetition rates are high (10.6
percent). Literacy rates are also very low, especially in the rural areas, where less than 25 percent of the
population is literate.

Current WFP programmes are intended to support the Government’s policies of promoting education for all and
achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). WFP interventions target food-insecure populations
especially vulnerable women and children living in rural areas through school-feeding, early childhood
development, vulnerable group feeding and adult literacy programmes.

                                           Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                            Estimated
                                                                                                   Value
      Project type                   Cereals           Oil     Pulses    Other         Total     (US$ mill)
      Development Project             3,445         299          710        30        4,484          2.7
      Grand Total                     3,445         299          710        30        4,484          2.7

II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

The Gambia 10311.0: “Support to Basic Education in Rural Vulnerable Regions”
Duration: Three years (through July 2007)
Total project commitment: 14,680 tonnes

The project has three main objectives: (i) contribute to increase enrolment and retention rates in targeted
schools; (ii) promote early childhood development in selected pre-schools; and (iii) promote adult literacy
programmes, particularly for women. The project will enable poor households to invest in human capital
through primary education and functional literacy training.

One meal a day for 199 days per year will be provided to an annual average of 124,864 pupils in selected
primary and madrassah schools and 15,604 children in pre-schools in rural areas. A take-home family ration
will be given to an annual average of 4,250 adult participants in literacy classes. All the beneficiaries are living
in the most food-insecure rural areas of the country, identified through a Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping
study. In collaboration with UNICEF, WFP will also pilot activities in favour of some 150 people affected by
HIV/AIDS benefiting from anti-retroviral treatment.




104
                                                                                                    Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                              Expected Outputs in 2005
  The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                  Female            Male          Total
  Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  74,914          70,992        145,906
                                                                                  Female            Male          Total
  Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                             80              70             150
                                                                                    Girls           Boys          Total
  Number of children given school meals                                               70,200          70,200       140,400
                                                                                  Female            Male          Total
  Number of participants in food-for-training activities                               722             3,698         4,420
  Number of participants in food for-work-activities                                   936                 0            936


(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations
None

(d) Special operations
None




                                                                                                                                105
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                   Ghana

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

The Government of Ghana has adopted the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS) as an overall policy
framework to support Ghana's development with special attention to the three northern regions. WFP Ghana is
using food aid in these three regions to support the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs) and GPRS, and has harmonised its programme cycle with the other UN agencies under UNDAF II.

The country progamme focuses on: (i) improved health status among the targeted vulnerable mothers and
children, through improved health and nutrition practices; (ii) increased gender equity in terms of access to and
completion of basic education, through increased enrolment and attendance of girls; and (iii) improved
rehabilitation/creation and maintenance of assets that provide secure and sustainable livelihoods, through
rehabilitation/conservation of the natural resource base.

In this final year of the country programme, emphasis will be placed on moving from food aid to self-reliance
through the establishment of linkages with development partners at the community level. Donors are also
requested to provide cash for local procurement to support agricultural production and capacity building for
marketing surplus.

Under the regional PRRO 10372.0 “Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact”, WFP will promote emergency
preparedness in Ghana, Burkina Faso and Mali through contingency planning and shifting of resources to
address cross-border movements from Côte d'Ivoire. WFP will support the efforts of the Government of Ghana
to deal with displaced and refugee populations.

                                          Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                          Estimated
                                                                                                 Value
      Project type                  Cereals            Oil     Pulses   Other       Total      (US$ mill)
      Country Programme               2,891        578           518     188       4,175           2.5
      Grand Total                     2,891        578           518     188       4,175          2.5



II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Ghana CP 10100.0, Activity 1: “Supplementary Feeding, Health and Nutrition Education”
Duration: Four years (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 16,198 tonnes

Malnutrition in the northern parts of Ghana is caused by low energy and protein intake and vitamin and mineral
deficiencies, linked to inappropriate weaning practices. This stems from mothers' lack of knowledge about
nutrition coupled with household food insecurity. The specific objectives of the activity are to improve the
nutritional status of children and expectant and lactating women and to improve the health and nutritional
knowledge base and practices of mothers. The activity also aims to support government efforts to improve the
coverage of primary health care, including awareness on issues relating to HIV/AIDS, in targeted communities.
Under the activity, pregnant women attend ante-natal clinics regularly while nursing mothers send their children
for growth monitoring. Children under five receive two cooked meals a day for 260 days yearly while mothers
receive take-home rations in the lean season, which is often the only food source available to the family.
Feeding centers also serve as pre-schools for children 3-5 year-old for improved basic education. Centers are
being linked to ongoing poverty reduction/income generation schemes to sustain WFP's efforts. WFP is
collaborating with UNICEF under their Early Childhood Development and HIV/AIDS programmes to improve
106
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


the services rendered at feeding and nutrition centers. NGOs and the Government have also supported the
supplementary feeding activity by providing infrastructure and training at the centers

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  26,400            12,000        38,400
    Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
    participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                        14,400              24,000       38,400



Ghana CP 10100.0, Activity 2: “Girls Education in the Northern Savannah”
Duration: Four years (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 13,334 tonnes

Basic education in Ghana continues to face problems of access, quality and gender imbalances, particularly in
the three northern regions of the country with gross enrolment rates of 57 percent for primary and 33 percent for
junior secondary education, as well as high gender imparity and low retention rates. The specific objective of
the activity is to provide take-home-rations to girls' families as an incentive to increase enrolment improve
attendance and reduce drop-out rates of girls. The activity also seeks to increase HIV/AIDS awareness in
targeted communities. The number of beneficiaries increased from 14,386 in 2001 to 34,368 in 2004. Girl's
attendance rates have been stabilized with 80 percent attending 85 percent of school days monthly. More girls
proceed to higher levels of education after basic education. Abduction of girls for marriage - a cultural practice
specific to the northern regions - is being curtailed as community members are now appreciating the importance
of girls' education.

WFP is working with other UN agencies under an Integrated Girls Education Programme to maximize
resources and harmonize activities. Activities include school gardens, de-worming in schools, infrastructure,
and provision of teaching and learning materials. During the first years of implementation, the Activity did not
receive the planned amount of commodities. Emphasis will be put on local purchase of maize for the final year
of implementation, to support local production.

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  37,190                          37,190
                                                                                      Girls             Boys         Total
    Number of school children given take-home rations                                   37,190                         37,190



Ghana CP 10100.0, Activity 3: “Savannah Resources Management Programme”
Duration: Two years (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 5,552 tonnes

The livelihoods of vulnerable persons in the Northern Savannah area depend almost entirely on woodland
resources which are a base for agricultural production and other livelihood assets. However, the capacity of the
woodlands to support rural livelihoods has been extensively eroded by production systems resulting in
environmental degradation, through over-exploitation of the resources base without appropriate management
and regeneration practices. The result has been various degrees of food insecurity, evident through
deforestation, land degradation and the reduced availability of water for both humans and livestock. The
specific objectives of the activity, which started in 2004, are to increase the number of household/community
owned assets that sustain/rehabilitate the natural resources base and that increase food production, establish
                                                                                                                                107
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


appropriate institutional mechanisms through which communities and district authorities can manage and
maintain the assets created, and sensitize communities in the areas of environmental conservation and
HIV/AIDS. As the activity targets an area prone to natural disasters, it is expected that outputs will contribute
towards increasing the resilience of communities to disasters by reversing current trends of environmental
degradation. The activity was formulated in partnership with the government, FAO and the World Bank.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  74,043          72,927     146,970
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 14,697          14,697      29,394



(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to Côte d’Ivoire Crisis Regional PRRO 10372.0: “Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact”,
in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in 2005 are as follows:

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  5,050             4,950     10,000
      Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                       5,050          4,950     10,000
      Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                  3,900          3,850      7,750
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       1,150             1,100      2,250



(d) Special operations
None




108
                                                                                        Regional Bureau – West Africa



                                                     Guinea

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Despite the abundance of natural resources, Guinea is a least developed and low-income food-deficit country
ranked 160th out of 177 in the UNDP Human Development Report for 2004. Roughly 40 percent of the
population is affected by extreme poverty. Over the last 15 years, Guinea has had to cope with influxes of
hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing conflicts in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d’Ivoire. This has
increased the strain on the economy.

The WFP country programme supports national policies to improve food security and combat poverty by
focusing on increased primary school enrolment and attendance, especially for girls, and on development of
community assets in food-insecure areas. Both activities operate in the regions with the worst poverty and
illiteracy indicators, i.e. Upper and Middle Guinea. Furthermore, WFP will implement a food aid pilot project in
favour of HIV/AIDS-affected families as an additional component under the activity one of the country
programme.

Under the regional West Africa Costal PRRO 10064.3, WFP will continue to cover the needs of some 70,000
refugees living in camps and promote self-reliance through food-for-work and food-for-training activities.
Additionally, some 1,800 Sierra Leoneans who have chosen to remain in Guinea after the 2004 repatriation
process will also benefit from these activities which will facilitate their integration into the local society. In
2005, the emergency school-feeding programme will serve up to 87,000 primary schoolchildren in areas
affected by population movements.

                                           Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                            (tonnes)                               Estimated
                                                                                                     Value
     Project type                    Cereals          Oil     Pulses      Other         Total      (US$ mill)
     Country Programme                 2,293          31        616          19        2,959           1.9
     Grand Total                       2,293          31        616          19        2,959           1.9



II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Guinea CP 10039.0, Activity 1: “Support to Primary and Girls' Education”
Duration: Three years and 10 months (through December 2005) – time to be extended through December 2006
Total project commitment: 10,500 tonnes (estimate - under budget revision)
Extension in time – subject to approval

The activity targets primary school children in Upper and Middle Guinea where school enrolment rates are
extremely low, especially for girls (37 percent in grades 1-3 and only 10 percent in grades 4-6). The aim of the
school feeding programme is to fight short-term hunger while increasing school enrolment by providing daily
hot meals in primary school canteens as well as take-home rations for girls in grades 4 to 6.

The 2004 mid-term evaluation concluded that enrolment and attendance have improved, particularly among
girls, and that women now participate more actively in parent/teacher associations. The activity is being
expanded and extended in time until 2006 and is harmonized with the UNDAF programming cycle. In 2005,
some 113,200 children, including 45,280 girls, will be assisted.

Under Activity 1, WFP will also implement a pilot project for HIV/AIDS-affected households in Conakry. The
objective of the activity is to meet the nutritional needs of infected individuals and their families in order to help
them restore a relatively normal life. In 2005, 2,230 people will be assisted.
                                                                                                                  109
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  90,095          112,735    202,830
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       1,115             1,115      2,230
                                                                                        Girls           Boys       Total
      Number of children given school meals                                               45,280          67,920    113,200
      Number of school children given take-home rations                                   18,100                     18,100
       of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         18,100                     18,100
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 3,000                        3,000



Guinea CP 10039.0, Activity 2: “Community Rural Development”
Duration: One year and 3 months (through December 2005) – time to be extended through December 2006
Total project commitment: 1,913 tonnes (estimate - under budget revision)
Extension in time – subject to approval

WFP food assistance supports the Government's efforts to improve the living conditions and food security of
poor rural people in Middle and Upper Guinea, by focusing on women's income generating activities, natural
resources management and rural infrastructure through FFW and FFT interventions. Micro projects are
implemented by the local communities in cooperation with local authorities.

Objectives include helping rural households to increase food security during lean periods and assisting women
to increase and diversify their sources of income. The implementation of this component was postponed until
the last quarter of 2004, pending the outcome of a mid-term evaluation of the country programme. The activity
was also extended in time until 2006 in line with the UNDAF programming cycle. In 2005, some 32,500 rural
Guineans, majority women, will benefit from this activity.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  16,250          16,250      32,500
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                               800               500      1,300
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 3,000             2,200      5,200



(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to West Africa Coastal PRRO 10064.3: “Post-Conflict Transition in the West Africa Coastal
Region”, in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in 2005 are as
follows:




110
                                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 141,493            152,217      293,710
   Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                     37,125            30,375        67,500
   Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                37,525            33,975        71,500
   Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
   participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         2,465               1,992        4,457
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                         825                   675      1,500
                                                                                     Girls             Boys         Total
   Number of children given school meals                                               35,670            51,330       87,000
   Number of school children given take-home rations                                   15,150                         15,150
    of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         15,150                         15,150
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of participants in food for training activities                             3,000               1,800        4,800
   Number of participants in food for work activities                                 6,233               6,300       12,533


(d) Special operations

Please refer to West Africa Coastal SO Regional 10061.3: “Air Passenger Service in West Africa
Coastal Countries: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire”, in the section of Regional Bureau for
West Africa for details.




                                                                                                                                111
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                               Guinea-Bissau

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Guinea-Bissau is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country and ranks 172nd out of 177
in the UNDP Human Development Report for 2004. Its socio-economic and health indicators are extremely
low: the child mortality rate is 211 per 1,000, the infant mortality rate 130 per 1,000 and the maternal mortality
rate 910 per 100,000 life births. Poor access to primary education, especially for girls, is reflected in low adult
literacy rates: 55.2 percent for men and only 24.7 percent for women.

The country has experienced recurrent civil strife since gaining independence in 1974. Economic progress
achieved during the 1990s has been largely reversed by the civil wars of 1998 and 2000 when much of the
economic and social structure was destroyed. After a coup d’état in September 2003, a transitional President
and a Prime Minister were named and legislative elections held in March 2004. Presidential elections are
planned for early 2005.

There is high food insecurity in the country, both in rural and urban areas. WFP’s PRRO will concentrate its
activities in the most food-insecure areas of the country, i.e. the Northern and Eastern regions. It will contribute
to the Government’s recovery efforts as expressed in its Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (DENARP)
elaborated in 2000, and help create sustainable assets and skills.

                                           Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                            Estimated
                                                                                                   Value
      Project type                   Cereals           Oil     Pulses    Other         Total     (US$ mill)
      Single Country PRRO             3,289         982           -      1,172        5,443          3.8
      Grand Total                     3,289         982           -      1,172        5,443          3.8



II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities
None

(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Guinea Bissau PRRO 10148.1: “Post Conflict Relief and Rehabilitation in Guinea-Bissau”
Duration: One year and 7 months (through December 2005)
Total project commitment: 9,484 tonnes

The goal of the PRRO is to help the country reduce post-conflict poverty levels among the most vulnerable, and
enhance the quality of health and education facilities. The specific objectives are: (i) improve health and
nutrition among malnourished children under five, pregnant women and lactating mothers; (ii) complement
medical assistance provided to people suffering from tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS; (iii) improve enrolment and
attendance rates, especially for girls, in primary schools in the most vulnerable regions; (iv) assist in
strengthening the self-reliance of adults participating in functional literacy training and vocational training; and
(v) improve household food security in targeted areas through the rehabilitation of land and the creation of
community assets.

112
                                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa


In 2005, WFP will give food assistance to 252,900 beneficiaries among the following categories:
    • malnourished children, pregnant women and lactating mothers;
    • HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis patients;
    • primary school and kindergarten children, especially girls;
    • women enrolled in functional literacy programmes;
    • teenagers enrolled in vocational training, including in boarding schools;
    • demobilized soldiers attending vocational training; and
    • participants in food-for-work and food-for-training activities.

                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 123,250            129,650      252,900
   Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
   participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         8,000              11,400       19,400
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       1,300                   750      2,050
                                                                                     Girls             Boys         Total
   Number of children given school meals                                               37,600            56,400       94,000
   Number of school children given take-home rations                                   20,000                         20,000
    of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         20,000                         20,000
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             1,200                 800        2,000
   Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 6,800               9,700       16,500


(d) Special operations
None




                                                                                                                               113
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                   Liberia

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Civil war in Liberia from 1989 to 1996 - during which 200,000 people were killed and 1.8 million displaced
within Liberia and in neighbouring countries – dragged most of the sub-region into a state of protracted crisis
and conflict. Renewed fighting beginning in 2001 again plunged the country and the region into crisis. Only
with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Accra (August 2003) was a sustainable ceasefire
achieved.

The crisis had a serious impact on food security due notably to continued disruption of agricultural activities,
limited access to available food stocks due to the lack of income, limited nutritional absorption capacity due to
diseases, poor sanitation and quality of water, deteriorating socio-economic conditions and the breakdown of
family and community coping mechanisms. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are the worst affected. At the
household level, food insecurity remains severe, with low subsistence production levels and meager income
opportunities. Unemployment stands at 85 percent and 76.2 percent of the population lives below the poverty
line of US$ 1 per day.

Given the continuing areas of insecurity and the consequential slow pace of recovery activities, WFP will
continue to provide assistance to IDPs while providing safety nets to vulnerable persons. Based on joint
WFP/UNHCR identification and verification exercises, in 2005 WFP expects to assist on a monthly basis an
average of 230,000 IDPs living in camps and to support Liberian refugees in the region, expected to repatriate.
The largest focus of WFP’s assistance will be on emergency school feeding, which will help to restart schools
and encourage people to return to their homes. Food for work (FFW) and food for training (FFT) assistance will
be provided in resettlement communities, promoting rehabilitation and improved living conditions.


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities
None

(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to West Africa Coastal PRRO 10064.3: “Post-Conflict Transition in the West Africa Coastal
Region”, in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in 2005 are as
follows:




114
                                                                                                    Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                              Expected Outputs in 2005
  The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                  Female             Male         Total
  Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 518,614           424,319      942,933
  Number of IDP beneficiaries                                                        121,016          107,317      228,333
  Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                    66,000           54,000      120,000
  Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                               187,016          161,317      348,333
  Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children      Total
  participating in MCH/Supplementary feeding                                         6,600               6,600      13,200
                                                                                  Female             Male         Total
  Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       4,240              3,760        8,000
                                                                                    Girls            Boys         Total
  Number of children given school meals                                              239,200          220,800      460,000
  Number of school children given take-home rations                                   40,664                        40,664
   of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         40,664                        40,664
                                                                                  Female             Male         Total
  Number of participants in food for training activities                                798               602        1,400
  Number of participants in food for work activities                                 34,300            63,700       98,000


(d) Special operations

Please refer to West Africa Coastal SO Regional 10061.3: “Air Passenger Service in West Africa
Coastal Countries: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire”, in the section of Regional Bureau for
West Africa for details.




                                                                                                                             115
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                        Mali

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Mali is classified as a least developed and low-income, food-deficit country and ranks 174th out of 177 in the
UNDP Human Development Report for 2004. Almost half of all children are estimated to suffer from chronic
malnutrition. The national primary cycle school attendance rates are low: 56.4 percent for girls and 77.9 percent
for boys in 2003. Some areas, including the regions of Kidal, Gao and Timbuktu experience structural deficits
in basic cereals. In addition to being landlocked, the country is prone to natural disasters such as drought, locust
infestations and floods.

In line with the Government’s 2000 Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, the main goal of WFP’s country
programme (CP) is to enable poor households to be responsible for their own development and to cope with
droughts and other natural disasters. The objectives of the CP are to: (i) support children's education through
school feeding; (ii) contribute to the availability of fortified supplementary food; (iii) improve disaster-
preparedness; and (iv) support rural development through food for work and food for training.

Under the regional PRRO 10372.0 "Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact", WFP will support the efforts of
the Government of Mali to deal with displaced and refugee populations and reduce the impact of returnees on
already fragile communities, particularly in the case of possible massive influxes.

                                           Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                            Estimated
                                                                                                   Value
      Project type                   Cereals           Oil     Pulses    Other         Total     (US$ mill)
      Country Programme              11,464       1,131          568       600      13,763           7.0
      Grand Total                    11,464       1,131          568       600      13,763           7.0



II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Mali CP 10205.0, Activity 1: “Assistance to school canteens and girls' education”
Duration: Five years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 29,485 tonnes

The immediate objectives of this activity, which absorbs 46 percent of the total resources of the country
programme, are to:
    • increase the basic education enrolment rate;
    • contribute to regular and stable school attendance; and
    • specifically contribute to a steady increase of school enrolment and attendance for girls.

In addition to providing school canteen rations to 88,220 pupils in 2005, WFP will also supply a small
additional take-home incentive ration to 31,759 girls attending more than 80 percent of classes per month. A
total of 1,260 female voluntary cooks are involved in the daily preparation of school meals, thus receiving
nominal food incentives.




116
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 113,504            103,421      216,925
                                                                                      Girls             Boys         Total
    Number of children given school meals                                               39,699            48,521       88,220
    Number of school children given take-home rations                                   31,759                         31,759
     of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         31,759                         31,759
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 1,260                            1,260



Mali CP 10205.0, Activity 2: “Supplementary Food and Support to Community Health Services”
Duration: Five years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 3,000 tonnes

Under this activity, WFP will provide supplementary blended food to improve the nutritional status of the
population, particularly infants and pregnant and lactating women. Along with imported corn soy blend (CSB),
WFP will use locally produced blended foods thus contributing to develop local production capacity
(MISOLA/UCODAL products).
This programme is funded by the Government and supported by the World Bank and WFP. Food assistance
complements technical inputs and financial resources of other partners. Over five years, in collaboration with
UNICEF and a national NGO, WFP will assist 5,800 people affected by HIV/AIDS especially through MTCT
(mother-to-child transmission) and tuberculosis activities as well as 61,000 women and 140,500 children aged
between six months and five years. Due to additional beneficiaries in MTCT/HIV activities, the average
monthly consumption has increased from 50 tonnes to 90 tonnes per month since the inception of the
programme.

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  29,054            15,672        44,726
    Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
    participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                        13,068              30,492       43,560
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                         589                   577      1,166



Mali CP 10205.0, Activity 3: “Programme for the Creation of Productive Assets”
Duration: Five years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 20,381 tonnes

With the aim of improving food security in vulnerable communities, WFP supports agriculture, construction of
rural infrastructure, improvement of sanitation and vocational training through food-for-work and food-for-
training activities. By supporting land protection and other environmental activities, WFP also contributes to the
prevention of erosion and desertification. Food assistance complements technical inputs and financial resources
of other partners, namely IFAD, FAO and GTZ.

This activity assists 697,415 beneficiaries per year through family rations.




                                                                                                                                117
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male         Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 352,195          345,220      697,415
                                                                                      Female            Male         Total
      Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                         599                 811      1,410
                                                                                      Female            Male         Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                              1,816            2,458        4,274
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 66,152          70,873       137,025



Mali CP 10205.0, Activity 4: “Disaster Prevention and Mitigation”
Duration: Five years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 10,956 tonnes

The "National Food Security System" (PRMC) plays a key role in improving food security in Mali by providing
incentives to increase production and establishing an efficient national early warning and crisis management
system. WFP acts as donor coordinator and Secretariat of the PRMC.

Preventive activities against locust infestation are underway: if they fail, large quantities of food assistance will
be required to maintain populations until the next agricultural campaign. WFP can request advances from the
SNS, which currently stands at 35,000 tonnes of cereals.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male         Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  37,370          36,630        74,000
      Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                37,370          36,630       74,000



(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to Côte d’Ivoire Crisis Regional PRRO 10372.0: “Côte d'Ivoire Crisis and Regional Impact”,
in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in 2005 are as follows:




118
                                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  20,751            40,951        61,702
   Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                         150              250           400
   Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                      5,860            4,440        10,300
   Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                  6,590            5,410        12,000
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                         580                   720      1,300
                                                                                     Girls             Boys         Total
   Number of children given school meals                                                 1,146            1,879        3,025
   Number of school children given take-home rations                                     1,450            3,300        4,750
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of participants in food-for-training activities                                915              1,375        2,290
   Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 10,339            28,271        38,610



(d) Special operations
None




                                                                                                                                119
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                Mauritania

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Mauritania is a least developed country (LDC) which is prone to recurrent drought cycles and desertification as
well as other natural calamities, such as the locust threat which has been developing since the early 2004. Fifty
one percent of its 2.7 million people live below the poverty line. An estimated 36 percent of children under five
years of age suffer from malnutrition. WFP development assistance in Mauritania includes a country
programme (CP) and a new protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO).

WFP development activities aim to contribute to poverty reduction through human resource and infrastructure
development in eight vulnerable target regions in the South of the country. The country programme consists of
three basic activities: (i) primary education with 51 percent of the overall resource allocation; (ii) nutritional
support to vulnerable mothers and children with 13 percent of resources; and (iii) rural development with the
remaining 36 percent.

PRRO 10359.0 aims to respond to rural households' increased vulnerability to food insecurity caused by
persistent drought and flash floods which have resulted in crop failure and widespread livestock losses. The
PRRO is WFP's response to high levels of risk and malnutrition among vulnerable groups, particularly women
and young children.

                                          Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                           Estimated
                                                                                                  Value
      Project type                  Cereals            Oil     Pulses   Other        Total      (US$ mill)
      Country Programme               6,516        168           560    1,122       8,366           5.2
      Single Country PRRO             9,932        240           480       60      10,712           5.9
      Grand Total                   16,448         408         1,040    1,182      19,078          11.1



II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Mauritania CP 10209.0, Activity 1: “Support to Basic Education”
Duration: Six years (through December 2008)
Total project commitment: 31,303 tonnes

This activity aims to improve the quality of basic education in the country's poorest regions, in line with the
national programme for the development of the education sector by 2005. The main objectives of WFP's
assistance are to: (i) improve gender equity among children attending primary school; (ii) contribute to
improving educational performance (which is poor due to high absenteeism, repetition and drop-out rates); (iii)
improve pupils' learning capacity and attention span by reducing short-term hunger; and (iv) provide pupils
with an improved daily diet.

In 2005, the activity targets 95,200 beneficiaries, of whom 50 percent are girls, in eight regions of the country.
At the start of each subsequent year, an estimated additional 17,000 beneficiaries will be covered by this
activity.

Cooked meals (an early morning fortified beverage and a hot lunch) will be served for 20 days per month
during a total of 180 school days a year. Other activities include food management training of implementing
partners and parents and teachers associations, monitoring/impact assessment and deworming campaigns.


120
                                                                                                      Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  47,600            47,600        95,200
                                                                                      Girls             Boys         Total
    Number of children given school meals                                               47,600            47,600       95,200



Mauritania CP 10209.0, Activity 2: “Nutritional Support to Vulnerable Women and Children”
Duration: Six years (through December 2008)
Total project commitment: 8,149 tonnes

The immediate objectives of this activity are: (i) to reduce the rate of malnutrition in children between 6 months
and 5 years of age; (ii) to prevent caloric deficiency in pregnant and lactating women; and (iii) to help educate
mothers in family health and nutrition.

The target areas are selected on the basis of a joint assessment undertaken by the Ministry of Health, WFP and
UNICEF. The activity targets 16,400 beneficiaries per year, including 10,000 children under five years of age,
6,000 pregnant and lactating women and 400 voluntary cooks and programme management personnel through
200 community feeding centers. The community feeding centers are managed by international and national
NGOs who ensure screening and carry out the preparation and distribution of a hot porridge to children twice a
day and dry rations to pregnant and lactating women. Social mobilization will focus on new methods of food
preparation based on basic principles of hygiene. The activity includes nutrition training, micronutrient
supplementation and annual deworming campaigns.

                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
    The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                    Female              Male         Total
    Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  11,400              5,000       16,400
    Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
    participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         6,000              10,000       16,000


Mauritania 10209.0, Activity 3: “Support to Rural Development”
Duration: Six years (through December 2008)
Total project commitment: 22,009 tonnes

The overall objective of this activity is the creation of sustainable productive assets that will maintain or
increase agricultural production. The activity specifically aims to: (i) promote more effective water resource
management; (ii) regenerate degraded natural resources; and (iii) mitigate the impact of recurrent natural
disasters. The activity supports the construction and protection of productive community assets such as dykes,
dams, wells, reservoirs and rural tracks, the regeneration of natural resources, such as dune stabilization and
reforestation and the construction of educational and health infrastructure at local community level.

Community food access and household food security will improve through increased agricultural production
and the marketing of surplus production, which will increase household incomes. Community facilities,
upgraded roads and improved environment, water supply and employment opportunities will contribute to
improved living conditions.

Women's literacy training will also be supported as a complement to the country programme's other two
components. In 2005, women will account for 33 percent of the beneficiaries of this activity and women will
have leadership positions in 40 percent of food management committees.


                                                                                                                                121
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  78,000          72,000     150,000
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                              1,000                       1,000
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 10,000           20,000     30,000



(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Mauritania PRRO 10359.0: “Strengthening the Livelihood of Drought-Affected Populations”
Duration: Three years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 32,131 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

PRRO 10359.0, which is a follow-up to EMOP 10249.0, aims to respond to rural households' increased
vulnerability to food insecurity caused by successive years of drought. VAM surveys suggest that key food
security indicators have not recovered in spite of a good 2003/2004 growing season. The project's strategy is to
strengthen the livelihoods of affected populations and make them more resilient to future shocks through the
creation of productive assets, training and the creation of village food security stocks. Activities target 254,000
people, of whom 53 percent women.

The project will operate in 33 communes in the regions of Brakna, Gorgol, Assaba and Hodh el Gharbi that
were the most food insecure between 2001 and 2003. Asset creation activities will focus on water management
and benefit 38,000 families (190,000 people) through the construction and rehabilitation of small dykes and
reservoirs. A further 64,000 people will benefit from access to village food security stocks. All beneficiaries
will receive training in management of physical assets and in food security stocks. Commodity distributions will
be managed by NGOs, namely the Lutheran World Federation, World Vision and Oxfam.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 134,619          119,381    254,000
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             10,070            8,930     19,000
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 20,140          17,860      38,000



(d) Special operations
None




122
                                                                                   Regional Bureau – West Africa



                                                   Niger

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Classified as both a least developed and a low-income food-deficit country, Niger ranked second last in the
UNDP Human Development Report for 2004. Niger has a population of approximately eleven million people,
of which 63 percent survive on less than US$1 a day. One child out of four dies before the age of five. Poor
school attendance, especially among girls, contributes to Niger's 85 percent illiteracy rate.

The country is plagued by chronic food insecurity during the lean season before harvest. The situation is
exacerbated by the frequent onset of natural disasters, such as drought and locust invasion.

In this context, and in accordance with the National Poverty Reduction Strategy and the Niger UNDAF, the
WFP country programme has three main objectives:
    • increase agricultural production and food security stocks at village level, while protecting ecological
         assets;
    • increase enrolment and attendance in primary schools, especially among young girls;
    • improve attendance of mothers at educational sessions on health and nutrition, as well as attendance of
         people living with HIV/AIDS or tuberculosis at health care centres.

In line with UNDAF, UN agencies in Niger have harmonized their programming cycles as of January 2004.

                                         Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                         (tonnes)                             Estimated
                                                                                                Value
     Project type                  Cereals         Oil     Pulses     Other        Total      (US$ mill)
     Country Programme               9,381        337      1,043        171      10,932           5.2
     Grand Total                     9,381        337      1,043        171      10,932          5.2



II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Niger CP 10285.0, Activity 1: “Creation of Productive Assets and Prevention/Reduction of Food Crisis”
Duration: Four years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 22,000 tonnes

Activity objectives – to be achieved through food for work, food for training and cereal banks – include
improving food security, food production and water management systems, combatting desertification and
diversifying agricultural production. Rural development activities are targeted to the regions of Zinder,
Tillabéry and Tahoua.

Programme results will include increased food availability and accessibility during the lean season, reduced
erosion, increased availability of water for agriculture and firewood for cooking. Thus the activity will reduce
the populations' vulnerability to drought and flooding. Technical know-how in agriculture and fodder
production will also be improved. Along with partners, WFP will empower village-based organizations to
undertake community projects in a participatory and gender-sensitive manner.




                                                                                                            123
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 147,725          134,039    281,764
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                                995                         995
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 13,875            4,625     18,500


Niger CP 10285.0, Activity 2: “Support to Basic Education”
Duration: Four years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 29,901 tonnes

The aim of this activity is to improve access of children to basic education in remote food-insecure areas. The
objectives include increasing basic enrolment rates and improving school attendance through the provision of
meals. Girls' attendance will be encouraged by providing a quarterly take-home ration to the mothers of girls
who attend at least 80 percent of classes. WFP food aid is expected to reduce educational gaps between urban
and rural areas and between boys and girls.

The number of targeted schools and beneficiaries has been increased in order to reach more than 56,000 pupils
in 395 schools by the end of the programme. Targeting criteria have been refined using vulnerability analysis
and mapping (VAM). Greater geographical concentration is thus assured and high priority given to districts
with the lowest enrolment rates.

Partnerships have been elaborated in order to bring in complementary activities such as infrastructure, water
supply, sensitization on HIV/AIDS, education of girls and community capacity building. In addition to food
distribution, WFP will ensure deworming of all pupils, teachers and auxiliary staff in targeted schools.

                                                 Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial res ults are expected, if the project/activity is fully res ourced in 2005:

                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 33,425           39,708      73,133

                                                                                        Girls           Boys       Total
      Number of children given school meals                                               17,116         25,466      42,582
      Number of school children given take-home rations                                    6,111                      6,111
        of whom : receiving both take-hom e rations and school m eals                      6,111                      6,111


Niger CP 10285.0, Activity 3: “Support to the Fight against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malnutrition”
Duration: Three years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 4,163 tonnes

This activity differs from previous WFP health assistance in Niger and targets the following groups: (i)
malnourished children under five years of age; (ii) people affected by tuberculosis; and (iii) people living
with HIV/AIDS. The main objectives include: (i) reducing malnutrition among children under five through
assistance to therapeutic feeding centres and community education on health and nutrition for mothers; (ii)
increased efficiency of tuberculosis treatment through the provision of food rations, which will be an incentive
to targeted beneficiaries to improve their nutritional status and attendance at health centres; and (iii) increased
therapeutic efforts in support of people living with HIV/AIDS. This new approach will be implemented in close
collaboration with partners ensuring strong monitoring and technical assistance.

Although the activity was initially planned for 2004, it will only become operational in 2005.



124
                                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  11,121              4,004       15,125
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                         387                   513           900


(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations
None

(d) Special operations
None




                                                                                                                                  125
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                       São Tomé and Príncipe

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

São Tomé and Príncipe is a least developed and low-income food-deficit country ranking 123rd of 177 countries
in the UNDP Human Development Report for 2004 and is also a heavily indebted poor country. The economy
is almost entirely based on a single crop, cacao, whose annual output has slumped steeply in recent years. This
decline has caused government revenues and the per capita gross national product to plummet. Furthermore, the
expected oil revenue is not as promising as earlier foreseen. At the same time, public debt has continued to
grow. These factors have compounded the state of poverty and food insecurity of the people: 53.8 percent of
life below the poverty threshold and 15.1 percent in extreme poverty.

Since May 2000, WFP has resumed its assistance to the social sector through primary school feeding and
mother and child healthcare activities.


                                          Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                         Estimated
                                                                                                Value
      Project type                  Cereals            Oil     Pulses   Other      Total      (US$ mill)
      Development Project              664             69        101      99        933           0.7
      Grand Total                      664             69        101      99        933          0.7



II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

São Tomé and Príncipe 06095.0: “Support to Basic Education and the Health Care System for Vulnerable
Groups”
Duration: Five years and 2 months (through June 2005) – to be extended to December 2005
Total project commitment: 4,917 tonnes (includes 634 tonnes for the planned 6-months extension)
Extension in - subject to approval

The main focus of the WFP-assisted development activities in São Tomé and Príncipe are: (i) enabling young
children and pregnant and lactating women to meet their special nutritional and nutrition-related health needs;
and (ii) enabling poor households to invest in human capital through education and training. The objectives are:
(i) to maintain enrolment and attendance rates at primary schools and increase attendance at the pre-primary
level; (ii) to alleviate short-term hunger among children in kindergarten and primary schools and (iii) to
improve the nutritional status and health of pregnant and lactating women beneficiaries.

In 2005, 31,060 children in primary schools and kindergartens will receive a mid-day meal for a period of 180
days; 2,700 malnourished children will receive daily rations during 60 days. Weight and growth will be
regularly monitored. Daily rations will be given to 1,500 pregnant and lactating women for 90 days; 250 women
will be recruited as canteen cooks and receive a family ration for each day.




126
                                                                                                    Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                              Expected Outputs in 2005
  The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                  Female             Male         Total
  Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  18,510           17,000        35,510
  Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children      Total
  participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                         1,500               2,700       4,200
                                                                                    Girls            Boys         Total
  Number of children given school meals                                               14,810           16,250       31,060
                                                                                  Female             Male         Total
  Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                   250                                250


(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations
None

(d) Special operations
None




                                                                                                                                127
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations



                                                   Senegal

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Senegal is a Sahelian least developed and low-income food-deficit country, classified as a heavily indebted poor
country. It ranks 157th of 177 countries in the UNDP Human Development Report for 2004. About 30 percent
of households are affected by poverty out of which two-thirds are women. The malnutrition rate among children
under five was 20 percent in 2003. In 2002, 61 percent of the population were illiterate. Lack of education
combined with poverty has negative repercussions on people’s health, hygiene and nutrition. In rural areas,
negative factors such as erratic climate, migration and environmental degradation increase the vulnerability of
the poorest to food insecurity.

The country programme supports the Government's poverty reduction strategy in the most vulnerable areas
through four basic activities: (i) health and nutrition for malnourished children under five, pregnant and
lactating women in poorest urban and rural neighbourhoods, (ii) support to the education and training sector;
(iii) crisis mitigation within rural communities in most vulnerable areas, and (iv) training and literacy among the
urban and rural poor.

Under PRRO 10188.1, WFP also assists populations most affected by the consequences of prolonged civil
conflict in Lower Casamance, which is one of the longest running on the African continent. Since 1982, it has
given rise to a large number of civilian victims, cross-border raids and arms smuggling, serious political
instability in neighbouring Guinea-Bissau, substantial internal population displacements, large numbers of
refugees, the destruction of infrastructure, the collapse of the local agriculture-based economy and the
disintegration of the social structure.

                                          Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                             (tonnes)                           Estimated
                                                                                                  Value
      Project type                  Cereals            Oil     Pulses   Other         Total     (US$ mill)
      Country Programme               3,561        489         1,182    2,936        8,168          4.9
      Single Country PRRO            10,000      1,500         2,600      180       14,280          9.2
      Grand Total                    13,561      1,989         3,782    3,116       22,448         14.1


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Senegal CP 10088.0, Activity 1: “Contribution to the Nutrition Enhancement Programme”
Duration: Three years (through December 2006)
Total project commitment: 7,978 tonnes

In liaison with NEP in the poorest urban neighbourhoods, the objectives are to: (i) to promote child growth from
birth to 36 months: (ii) reduce micronutrient deficiencies among women and children aged 6-36 months; (iii)
eliminate immediate hunger and promote physical and mental development among children aged 3-6; and (iv)
promote local production and marketing of supplementary feeding products by communities.

In 2004, new partnerships were developed to support 17 pilot pre-school sites and with the "Centre de
traitement ambulatoire" providing food aid to HIV/AIDS-affected people and orphans in Dakar. Efforts to
expand collaboration with local partners will continue during 2005.




128
                                                                                                     Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  59,100            37,400        96,500
   Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                55,100            33,600        88,700
   Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
   participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                        20,000              61,000       81,000
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       1,800               1,200        3,000
                                                                                     Girls             Boys         Total
   Number of children given school meals                                                 4,000            3,800        7,800


Senegal CP 10088.0, Activity 2: “Support to the Education and Training Sector”
Duration: Five years (through December 2006)
Total project commitment: 26,530 tonnes

In the formal sector, the school-feeding programme ensures that students receive regular hot meals and that
enrolment and attendance rates are improved, particularly among girls in food-insecure areas. For the 2004-
2005 school year, a total of 126,119 pupils, of whom 57,411 girls, will benefit from two meals daily.

A MoU was signed with FAO to implement a complementary school garden pilot project and additional
partnerships with UN agencies will be expanded during 2005.

                                               Expected Outputs in 2005
   The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                   Female              Male         Total
   Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  57,411            68,708       126,119
                                                                                     Girls             Boys         Total
   Number of children given school meals                                               57,411            68,708      126,119


Senegal CP 10088.0, Activity 3: “Assistance to Crisis Prevention”
Duration: Five years (through December 2006)
Total project commitment: 5,200 tonnes

With the objective of creating sustainable growth in food supply, agricultural production and household
incomes, rural associations' members are involved in labour-intensive community works for (i) the
development of agriculture (lowland irrigation schemes, small dams, extension of rain-fed
agricultural areas, anti-salt barriers, multipurpose community gardens); and (ii) environment protection
(forest firebreaks, windbreaks and hedges plantation, reforestation, dunes stabilization).

In 2005, WFP's food-for-work activities will assist 330,000 people, members of selected farmers' organizations
and their families.




                                                                                                                                129
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                Expected Outputs in 2005
  The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                     Female             Male        Total
  Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                    240,000           90,000      330,000
                                                                                     Female             Male        Total
  Number of participants in food-for-training activities                                 3,000             1,000       4,000
  Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                    40,000           15,000       55,000


(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Senegal PRRO 10188.1: "Food Assistance for the Socio-Economic Recovery of the Casamance"
Duration: Two years (through December 2006)
Total project commitment: 29,200 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

Since 2000, the Government of Senegal has set the restoration of peace in the Casamance as a top priority.
Many initiatives have been taken to bring about reconciliation. In this context, the Programme for the Revival
of Economic and Social Activities in the Casamance (PRAESC) was launched in June 2001.

Based on the results from the previous phase of the project and in line with the PRAESC, PRRO 10188.1 aims
at the expansion to the entire Casamance region of all currently implemented activities with full support of the
Government. The objectives of the PRRO are as follows: (i) increase the ability of the target population to
manage shocks and meet necessary food needs; (ii) strengthen the local primary production section; (iii)
mitigate the unemployment situation of vulnerable urban population groups, especially women, (iv) enhance
access to literacy and life skills, especially for women; and (v) enhance primary level education and attendance
of vulnerable children in WFP-assisted schools.

This project is being presented for approval at EB3/2004.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  84,750           87,250      172,000
      Number of IDP beneficiaries                                                           8,000           8,000      16,000
      Number of returnee beneficiaries                                                        750             750       1,500
      Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                  7,900           7,900      15,800
                                                                                        Girls            Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                                               61,000           61,000     122,000
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             15,000           10,000       25,000
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                  5,000             7,500      12,500



(d) Special operations
None




130
                                                                                    Regional Bureau – West Africa



                                              Sierra Leone

I. Objectives of WFP assistance

Sierra Leone is emerging from a brutal, decade-long conflict that has devastated the national economy, led to
large scale social disruption and left the economy with the lowest UNDP Human Development Report in the
world.

The WFP country programme (CP) aims to restore and enhance the capability of hungry poor households to
meet their food and nutrition needs on a sustainable basis and to withstand economic shocks while addressing
gender imbalances and HIV/AIDS. Since the transition from relief to recovery is not yet complete, priority will
be given to a comprehensive range of basic social services as well as to activities in support of recovery and
rehabilitation.

The immediate objectives of the CP are to (i) increase access to basic education and improve attendance and
retention rates of children, particularly girls; (ii) improve nutrition and health status of vulnerable groups,
including people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWAs), and (iii) enhance capacity of poor food-insecure households
and communities to rehabilitate, create and maintain assets.

The CP will be the continuation of the two ongoing development projects 10302.0 “Integrated mother and child
health and nutrition” and 10270.0 “Community based primary school feeding” ending respectively in June and
August 2005.

Under the regional West Africa Costal PRRO 10064.3, WFP covers the basic needs of refugees living in camps
until most of them return to their country of origin by the end of 2006. WFP also provides safety nets to support
the Government’s recovery and reintegration activities in districts where repatriated Sierra Leonean refugees are
resettling.

                                          Resources to Raise in 2005
                                                          (tonnes)                             Estimated
                                                                                                 Value
     Project type                   Cereals         Oil     Pulses     Other        Total      (US$ mill)
     Development Projects            1,716        351         515      1,462       4,044           3.1
     Country Programme               5,029        612       1,163        488       7,292           5.3
     Grand Total                     6,745        963       1,678      1,950      11,336          8.4


II. WFP-assisted projects and operations

(a) Development projects and activities

Sierra Leone 10270.0/CP 10333.0, Activity 1: “Support to Basic Education”
Duration: Two years (through August 2005) for 10270.0
           Three years (through December 2007) for CP 10333.0
Total project commitment: 9,672 tonnes (10270.0); 22,218 tonnes (10333.0 Activity 1)
10333.0. Act 1: Under preparation – subject to approval

The development project's overall aim is to contribute to the Government's efforts to improve access to basic
education and attract school age children back to the classroom during this crucial period of social and
economic recovery after the civil war. The immediate objectives of the project are to: (i) maintain school
enrolment among school-age children, especially girls; (ii) stabilize school attendance at above 80 percent and
reduce afternoon absenteeism, especially of girls in upper primary classes; and (iii) reduce the prevalence of
intestinal parasitic infections in school children through deworming.


                                                                                                             131
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


The country programme activity’s long-term objective is to improve the level of basic education in districts
which have sustained the heaviest damage to educational infrastructure (notably Kailahun, Kambia, Koinadugu,
and Tonkolili) and which are therefore considered as priority districts by the Government. The immediate
objectives are (i) to facilitate access to formal primary school and stabilize daily attendance of pupils with
special emphasis on girls; (ii) improve children's capacity to concentrate by relieving short-term hunger; (iii)
encourage participation and attendance of out-of-school children and overage students in non formal basic
education programmes; (iv) increase the awareness of HIV/AIDS among students, teachers and community
members; and (v) reduce the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among school children through de-
worming.

WFP food assistance will serve as an incentive to parents to enroll and retain their children in school,
particularly girls, and will also assist out-of-school and over-age children to enroll in non formal primary
education schemes and attend classes for the full duration of the training. Food assistance will also provide a
dietary support to school children whose parents are unable to satisfy their families' food requirements.

This activity will benefit a yearly average of 161,500 pupils in primary schools in four districts, in addition to
33,250 out-of-school and over-age children in non-formal basic education programmes. A school-based
deworming programme will also be undertaken in close cooperation with UNICEF.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 121,125          97,375     218,500
                                                                                        Girls           Boys       Total
      Number of children given school meals                                               80,750          80,750    161,500
      Number of school children given take-home rations                                   23,750                     23,750
       of whom: receiving both take-home rations and school meals                         23,750                     23,750
                                                                                      Female            Male       Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             16,625          16,625      33,250


Sierra Leone 10302.0/CP 10333.0, Activity 2: “Integrated Mother and Child Health and Nutrition”
Duration: One year and 6 months (through June 2005)
           Three years (through December 2007) for CP 10333.0
Total project commitment: 4,658 tonnes (10302.0); 7,301 tonnes (10333.0 Activity 2)
10333.0. Act 2: Under preparation – subject to approval

The overall aim is to contribute to the Government's efforts to reduce maternal, infant and under-five mortality.
The immediate objectives are to reduce (i) acute and chronic malnutrition among children; (ii) anemia among
pregnant and lactating women; and (iii) the impact of HIV/AIDS on the nutritional status of People Living with
AIDS (PLWAs).
The anticipated outputs are: (i) improved availability of micronutrient rich food to women, children under five
and PLWAs; (ii) increased attendance of pregnant and lactating women and children under five at antenatal care
and clinics for under-five; (iii) increased mother's awareness and knowledge of appropriate nutrition and health
practices and HIV/AIDS; and (iv) increased capacity of the Ministry of Health in nutrition education, growth
monitoring and HIV/AIDS awareness raising.
WFP food assistance will primarily provide a nutritional support to the most vulnerable. In addition to the
nutritional benefits of the ration, the food will serve as an incentive for pregnant and lactating women to use the
services provided in antenatal and clinics for under-five children.
The number of beneficiaries planned in 2005 under this activity is 117,700, including 91,200 pregnant and
lactating women and 22,800 moderately malnourished children. This activity will also address the nutritional
requirements of 3,700 people living with AIDS.

132
                                                                                                        Regional Bureau – West Africa


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female              Male         Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                 104,450            13,250       117,700
      Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children       Total
      participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                        91,200              22,800      114,000
                                                                                      Female              Male         Total
      Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       1,850               1,850        3,700


Sierra Leone CP 10333.0, Activity 3: “Food for Recovery and Development”
Duration: Three years (through December 2007)
Total project commitment: 4,999 tonnes
Under preparation – subject to approval

The aim of this activity is to contribute towards the national goal of eliminating hunger and poverty by assisting
poor, food-insecure and vulnerable households and communities to reduce their acute short-term hunger and
enable them to reconstitute their asset base and regain sustainable livelihoods. The immediate objectives are to:
(i) assist vulnerable chronically food insecure households create and maintain assets; (ii) provide livelihood
skills training to vulnerable households, particularly those headed by women and unemployed youth; (iii)
increase HIV/AIDS awareness, prevention, mitigation and care activities at the community level through
support to NGOs/CBOs1 for training, counseling or care of vulnerable and affected community members.

This activity will be implemented in the districts of Kailahun, Kambia, Koinadugu and Tonkolili, which were
most ravaged by the civil war, with high levels of food insecurity and the largest caseload of returnees and
unemployed youths to be resettled. In 2005, the activity will target 55,800 beneficiaries, of whom 10,000
participants to food-for-asset schemes and 5,800 adult literacy schemes and their families.

                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female              Male         Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  27,900            27,900        55,800
                                                                                      Female              Male         Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             2,900               2,900        5,800
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 5,000               5,000       10,000



(b) Emergency operations
None

(c) Protracted relief and recovery operations

Please refer to West Africa Coastal PRRO 10064.3: “Post-Conflict Transition in the West Africa Coastal
Region”, in the section of Regional Bureau for West Africa for details. Country-specific outputs in 2005 are as
follows:




1
    Community Based Organizations
                                                                                                                                  133
Projected 2005 Needs for WFP Projects and Operations


                                                  Expected Outputs in 2005
      The following initial results are expected, if the project/activity is fully resourced in 2005:
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Total number of beneficiaries of WFP food in 2005                                  88,670           80,105      168,775
      Number of refugee beneficiaries                                                     18,700           15,300      34,000
      Number of beneficiaries of general food distribution                                18,700           15,300      34,000
      Number of pregnant and lactating women and children                             Women             Children     Total
      participating in MCH/supplementary feeding                                          700                2,500      3,200
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Number of beneficiaries impacted by HIV/AIDS                                       1,500              1,500       3,000
                                                                                        Girls            Boys        Total
      Number of children given school meals                                               60,000           60,000     120,000
                                                                                      Female             Male        Total
      Number of participants in food-for-training activities                             4,500              3,000       7,500
      Number of participants in food-for-work activities                                 4,125              3,375       7,500



(d) Special operations

Please refer to West Africa Coastal SO Regional 10061.3: “Air Passenger Service in West Africa
Coastal Countries: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire”, in the section of Regional Bureau for
West Africa for details.




134

				
DOCUMENT INFO