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					Industrial Engineering
?
The concept of lean production comes from the Toyota Production System (Toyota
Production System referred to as TPS). Toyota Production sprout in the last century
50's, when the Japanese economy has not completely from the ruins of war
recovery, Toyota is facing bankruptcy. Then Toyota founder Kiichiro Toyoda, in
absorbing the experience of the Ford production is presented based on "just
in time" idea, in Ono to promote resistance to first-person under 20 years
of reform, innovation and development so that the Toyota Production way to mature
in the process combination of the U.S. Industrial Engineering (Industrial Engineering
referred to as IE) and modern management concepts.

Lean Production to change 70 years of the 20th century, the global oil crisis to give
the Toyota production show before the world the opportunity. U.S. auto makers were
surprised to find that unassuming Toyota to low prices, fuel consumption
characteristics of a small firm to take advantage of the U.S. auto market share.
Shocking Toyota Production molded to the impact of the Americans,
"Ford's production methods." Taiichi Ohno, founder
of TPS, said: "If Henry? Ford I, still alive, then, must be similar to that of
the Toyota production management model." Shocked Americans began to
reflect on and learn. Professor Tian Anhong door first to the Toyota production system
to introduce English to the United States, Womack 1990, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology professor who wrote "Lean production - the machine that
changed the world," a book on Japanese companies achieved summarize
the successful experience, raise the lean production (Lean Production) concept. This
book is in Japan, Europe and the United States growing automotive trade friction,
Europe and the United States and Japan to develop the context of restrictions on auto
imports by the MIT International Motor Vehicle Program Group (IMVP) published.
The book in a lot of investigation and comparison, the Toyota Motor Corporation that
mode of production is the most suitable for modern manufacturing industry as a
production organization and management methods, called Lean Production. Womack
made: to lean production changes have a profound impact on human society, that this
change will truly change the world. In the "Lean production - the machine
that changed the world," a book published the first 6, 1996 Womack?
Daniel has with the T? Jones, James? P co-author of "Lean Thinking (Lean
Thingking)", The book summarizes the transition from mass production to
lean production principles to be followed, further elaborated the ideological content of
lean production: Setting up the waste of war of lean thinking; precise definition of
value; identify the value stream and develop value stream map; so do not waste part
of the real movement up the value stream; allows users to pull value stream; pursuit of
perfection. With the continued scarcity of global resources, lean management thinking
more and more by the state, society. There is no doubt it for a lack of resources and
rapid economic development in China is extremely important. Management ideas and
management methods, combination of any one kind of models of successful
management must correct management ideas and management methods of unification,
that is correct, and practical needs of demand management concept under the
guidance, take a correct and appropriate solution the management of the business
issues. In the last century 50's, Toyota introduced a strong U.S. industrial
engineering. Taiichi Ohno said: "In that era, the whole of Japan in the
research, study and promotion of industrial projects will help to make money things.
So the Toyota Production System is Toyota's industrial
engineering." Ohno Toyota Production resistance to the founder of one one.
He used the most simple language, points to Toyota's production
philosophy and essence. Thus, it can be said is that Toyota Toyota Production System
philosophy and the transformation of the company after the combination of industrial
engineering. After World War II around the world are vigorously developing the
economy, improve production efficiency. Japan has the advantage of an open mind to
the developed countries, especially to the United States to study, learn from the United
States in particular, give priority to industrial engineering concepts and methods,
while the rational philosophy and scientific method of transplantation, and to
transform technology into a Japanese-style industrial engineering. Thus, to learn from
the Japanese company transformed into the secret of success.

Industrial Engineering (IE) produced in the United States. Its philosophy emphasizes
efficiency, reduce costs and improve quality, and this provides an effective technical
system. IE the system mainly in three sub-systems: one designed to improve the class,
including the work of research, logistics engineering and human factors engineering,
etc.; Second, analysis and evaluation categories, including production management
(particularly for those planning control), quality control, cost control and information
management and control; IE IE technical system concept for the realization of the
right technology and tools provided. Japan's Toyota, after seizing the key
industrial projects, but also the right of the company's international and
domestic environment to establish a people-oriented management philosophy and to
clear the strategic approach to waste as a breakthrough. After 30 years of hard work,
in the last century the late 70s the company built its own characteristics for Japanese
management. The author in the years of research TPS basis, and in 1996 to 1998 three
times a visit to Toyota, to do site visits, in 1997, "Enterprise
Management" magazine published the "Toyota Production
System and Application in China" article, Management proposed to
describe the Toyota production model of the "Toyota House"
concept and theory (see Figure). The system consists of a large target, based on two
pillars and a large composed. One major goal is to reduce business costs for the
overall objective. Prevail when the two pillars of (JIT) and self-oriented (Jidoka); a
great foundation for the improvement and continuous improvement. The Toyota house
to profound expression of Toyota's business philosophy, the successful
transformation of corporate culture and industrial engineering technology, for the
realization of JIT and eliminate waste to provide a powerful way, and since of (Jidoka)
expresses the people-oriented corporate culture. The cost reduction target, precisely
adapted to the last century 70's oil crisis and international markets into the
competitive environment and the surplus situation and make it quick success. If
something more general, said Toyota management is the right business concept and
methods of industrial engineering and the Japanese people-oriented corporate culture
combination of the three plates. The Professor Womack made by learning TPS Lean
production and lean management, the essential concepts and management methods to
manage the organic integration.

Lean management is not the first to recognize the import of Toyota lean production
and the nature of production. In the application can not copy because TPS is not
copied the American model, but whichever is the essence of industrial engineering
management innovation combined with the actual business results. Therefore,
learning, training is important. To grasp the core concept of lean management and the
main method (IE), according to local conditions to develop their own programs and
plans, rather than mechanically copying and apply foreign practices. Secondly, the
systematic study and promotion of industrial engineering, improvement and
continuous improvement from the start, eliminate waste, improve basic level of
enterprise management. Continuously to achieve management innovation, the
industrial engineering as the core technology to achieve lean production. Worthy of
note is the systematic study and promotion of industrial engineering innovation in
other management activities, such as information engineering, Six Sigma, etc., is also
a prerequisite and guarantee of success. Third, create the environment for their
business management. In the business environment, markets, products, resources, and
enterprises under the management of feeling to create their own style. Special focus
on creating their own culture, to enhance cohesion. Create their own management
style, to create their own system of industrial engineering, lean production and lean
management is the key. Well-known management expert Peter Drucker once said:
"Please tell a friend of China, managers can not be imported." I
think, management, management philosophy, management culture is not imported and
copied. Management approach is the need to reform and innovation in light of local
conditions. This is a management science seems easy, but in fact very difficult to
reason, but also the charm of this field of study. QI Shi Department of Management,
Tianjin University of Dean