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LOCUST SITUATION IN MAURITANIA A

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LOCUST SITUATION IN MAURITANIA A Powered By Docstoc
					               Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel

                           AGRHYMET Régional Centre
                       CILSS’Special Information Bulletin
             N°02/08

          LOCUST SITUATION IN MAURITANIA

Although the Situation is under Control in the Accessible Areas
of North-western Mauritania However, one should Remain
                            Vigilant
Background to the Current Situation :                   During the rainy season of 2008, from June to October,
Mauritania locust situation was regularly monitored by the National Anti-Locust Centre (CNLA). Scattered adults
were observed in July, in the summer breeding area in south-eastern Mauritania, particularly in Hodh El Chargui
located at 16°43N and 07°47W. The situation evolved into an increase in locust populations and the presence of
solitary adults in the two Hodhs, Assaba, Tagant and Brakna, during the month of August (see figure 1).
In September, hoppers were present in the Trarza and Brakna Wilayas. In the other sites surveyed, adults, including
some mature locusts in the process of copulating and laying eggs, were observed; as a result, the situation required
increased vigilance.
In October, ecological conditions deteriorated in the summer breeding area in the South-East, whilst they became
favorable in the areas of Aoukar, Boutilimit and Agane and in south-eastern Inchiri as well as Trarza Wilayas
(autumn/fall breeding area). Thus, the locust populations moved to these areas where solitary adults started to breed
and hopper densities became increasingly significant.




                                                                Dris Zemour


                            Nouadhibou                                  Adrar

                                    Inchiri
                                                                       Tagant         Hodh Chargui
                                      Trarza
                                                Brakna
                                                                       Hodh Charbi
                                                          Assaba



                                         Figure1: Mauritania’s desert locust breeding areas
                                         (Source: http://www.claa.mr/fr/centre.htm#cpem)

         Centre Régional AGRHYMET BP:11011 Niamey (Niger) TEL:(227)20 31 53 16 / 20 31 56 36. Site Web: www.agrhymet.ne
Locust Situation in November and Early December 2008
The locust populations kept on increasing and the first treatments were carried out on 150 ha of land located at
18°53N/13°45W. They continued in the same area and covered 925 ha.
As the vegetation continued to dry out in the South-East, the locust populations kept on increasing in the Inchiri
area. Late instar hoppers and young adults were observed in an area characterized by small basins and interdunal
hollows measuring 2 to 10 ha and 100 m2 to 1 ha, respectively. Hopper density was in the range of 2 to 3/sq. meter
depending on the topography and vegetation conditions, whilst adult numbers increased in the very green Schouvia
purpurea stands

Thus, at the end of the assessment carried out by the CNLA teams, during the first dekad of December 2008, the
surface area infested by hoppers and adults was estimated at 40.000 ha, in the Inchiri, Adrar and Trarza areas. This
infested zone, which is difficult to access, is frequently swept by rising sand during that period of the year. These
are two major constraints which could limit the actions envisaged by ground control teams. However, CNLA took
measures to strengthen the survey and control system and to revitalize the CNLA central command post.

Progress of the Locust Situation in December 2008
The progress of the locust situation was regularly disseminated by CNLA, through news updates on the following
dates 15/12, 17/12, 22/12 and 27/12/2008. It emanates from these news updates that the locust situation was gradually
brought under control and even under full control, as a result of the actions taken by CNLA and the ground teams.
Thus, out of the 40,000 ha considered infested during the first dekad of December, 14,027 were treated on 27
December 2008. Locust density in the remaining surface areas was low and will require treatments only in the event
of grouping. These infestations by solitary transient locusts, which consisted of 98% of immature adults, were
confined to the Zgueimir, south-eastern Inchiri and Akles areas, which were difficult to access and characterized
by vegetation made up of still green Schouvia, Fagonia sp. in the process of drying out and dried out Tribulus sp,
temperature and soil moisture conditions remained favorable in some places.

Conclusion and Way Forward
In the accessible zones of the infested region located in the autumn (fall) breeding area of North-Western Mauritania,
the locust situation was brought under control thanks to the control methodologist implemented by the National
Anti-Locust Centre of this country. However, there were persistent uncertainties in the zones, which were difficult
to access at the level of interdunal hollows.
Considering the observed locust development stages and ecological conditions, there are fears that solitary transient
locusts could not only move northward, but also mature and breed in less and less vast pockets where transformation
into the gregarious phase could be favored. The same situation could occur in areas, which are difficult to access,
where the control of locust populations is impossible and the situation in terms of infestations remains unknown.
It should be however noted that the low temperatures recorded in these areas during the period under review, were
expected to favor survey and control operations because locust activities were slowed down.
It was highly probable that a situation similar to that observed in Mauritania prevailed in northern Mali and Niger,
where no survey was possible due to insecurity.
Thus, although the situation was under control in the accessible areas of Mauritania, one should remain vigilant
because there is still a risk.
One should bear in mind that there will always be escape locusts, which will move to northern Mauritania and
southern Maghreb. In addition, as the Maghreb countries keep a close watch on locusts, there are great hopes that
the situation could be brought under control in this area even though there are uncertainties as far as Mali and Niger
are concerned.

				
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