Australia's geographic location by jlhd32


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									Page 34 The New Citizen February 2002

  The Infrastructure Road to Recovery                                                                                   High-Speed Shipping

need for freezers.
   Austal’s range of fast freighters
include 95m to 116m catamaran
“platforms” that have been devel-
oped for high-speed transport of
containers, trucks, trailers, pallets
and aircraft containers. As with In-
cat’s craft, the shallow draft and
high manoeuvrability of these ves-
sels means they require little in the
way of port infrastructure. They
offer double the speed and there-
fore half the travel time of conven-
tional vessels, and their freight cost
per kg is up to 80% lower than air
freight. Pictured are the Ro-Con
(roll-on and container, Ro-Ro
(roll-on, roll-off), and Ro-Pax (roll-
on and passenger) in Austal’s Auto
Express range.
   In the future, when combined
with Prof. Endersbee’s Asian Ex-
press from Melbourne to Darwin                          A comprehensive profile of Incat’s Evolution
that will be able to transport pro-                     One 12 vessel, showing its three-tier lay-
duce from the southern states to                        out.
Darwin in just 24 hours, this fast
freight technology could transform                pleted. With the existing industries
the present tyranny-of-distance                   in Australia’s top end, including
industries of Victoria, South Aus-                the large live cattle export to Asia,
tralia and Tasmania (which are                    and the existing road transport
high-bulk and low-value) into                     technology of B-double and B-tri-
high-value, profitable export in-                 ple trucks capable of 100 km/h that
dustries of fresh fruit and vegeta-               can deliver southern states’ goods
bles. As these industries expand,                 to Darwin in a short time, the ele-
they will drive a rapid expansion                 ments of a successful fast freight
of the fleet of fast freight vessels.             industry are ready to be exploited.
In the future, hundreds of fast                   According to Prof. Endersbee,
freight ships could make daily runs               “The sensible way to commence
from Darwin and other northern                    fast freight would be for the Aus-
ports in Queensland and WA, to                    tralian Government to underwrite
Jakarta and its sister ports in Indo-             the line, by buying fast freight ves-
nesia, and Singapore and beyond,                  sels from both Incat and Austal, to
brimming with Australian-grown                    avoid picking winners, and start
fruits, vegetables, meat, dairy prod-             operating the service. The service
ucts, and manufactured goods.                     will create demand. When the mar-
   The Government holds the key.                  ket develops, the Government
Prof. Endersbee insists that the es-              would probably be able to sell
tablishment of fast freight runs                  those ships for two or three times
from Darwin to Asia can begin im-                 the purchase price. It’s an invest-
mediately, and does not have to                   ment.”
wait until the Asian Express is com-

Economic Necessity, Political Will
A     ustralia’s geographic location
      and economic plight both cry
out for a strong Australian ship-
                                                  CSL and ANL came because Aus-
                                                  tralian industry was acutely disad-
                                                  vantaged because of a lack of ship-
ping industry. With Government                    ping capacity. However, both lines
support in the form of cheap financ-              were sabotaged by a political ide-
ing and tax breaks, combined with                 ology that opposed Government
regulation of foreign vessels, Aus-               involvement in industry, which in
tralia can once again enjoy a boom-               fact led it to support foreign, pri-
ing shipping industry, saving itself              vate shipping interests (see histo-
the present $10 billion per year in               ry of ANL, p. 35). In 2002, history
freight costs, an amount which will               is repeating itself, and Australian
soar as global economic recovery                  industry is once again disadvan-
gets underway.                                    taged by the lack of Australian ship-
   Australia has a successful track               ping capacity. For an island-nation,
record in running Government                      a robust, technologically advanc-
shipping lines, through the experi-               ing shipping industry is part of the
ence of both the 1920s Common-                    urgently-required infrastructure for
wealth Shipping Line, and the                     sovereignty. Let us, then, dump the
1957 to 1998 Australian National                  present, costly “free market” ab-
Line. The impetus to found both                   surdity, and get on with the job!
   1. Roll-on roll-off is where cargo is
driven up a ramp onto a boat and stored,
usually by a forklift or a similarly ma-
noeuvrable vehicle. When first devel-
oped in the 1950s, it was a revolution on
conventional ship-loading, where cargo
would be lifted up and put down in a
hold, and then taken and stored. Roll-
on roll-off was more capital intensive                                                                 Ro-Con Express
than conventional methods, because the
ramps were expensive, but in terms of
operating costs, and turnaround times, it
was far more efficient. It was eventually
largely replaced in bulk freight carrying
by the container freight revolution, but
it still has its applications.
   2. The standard for a nautical mile is
the Earth’s equator. Each of the 360 de-
grees of the earth’s equator can be fur-
ther divided into 60 minutes. Each
minute of arc is one nautical mile. There-
fore the distance around the earth is 360                                                              Ro-Ro Express
x 60, or 21,600 nautical miles. This is
the standard measurement used by all
nations for air and sea travel. Converted
from standard measurements, a nautical
mile is 1.852 kilometres, or 1.1508 miles.

 Austal’s Auto Express range of freight platforms: Ro-
 Con (roll-on, roll-off and container freight); Ro-Ro (roll-                                           Ro-Pax Express
 on, roll-off); and Ro-Pax (roll-on and passengers) Ex-
 press vessels which offer 80% savings on air freight

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