The phone's GPS chip and social networking sites and combining innovative software, geographic positioning features will be the "killer" of the necessary application. This is not merely the Foursquare and Gowalla such popular games based on geographic information, also including Twitter, SimpleGeo and open geographic information sites such as Facebook API (application programming interface). This can add a variety of applications, geographic data, which will have a profound impact on the industry. Not long ago, Twitter Twitter application on the geographical positioning open API, and the acquisition of geographic positioning technology provider Mixer Labs. Facebook also recently launched a geographic location service.
Page 34 The New Citizen February 2002 The Infrastructure Road to Recovery High-Speed Shipping need for freezers. Austal’s range of fast freighters include 95m to 116m catamaran “platforms” that have been devel- oped for high-speed transport of containers, trucks, trailers, pallets and aircraft containers. As with In- cat’s craft, the shallow draft and high manoeuvrability of these ves- sels means they require little in the way of port infrastructure. They offer double the speed and there- fore half the travel time of conven- tional vessels, and their freight cost per kg is up to 80% lower than air freight. Pictured are the Ro-Con (roll-on and container, Ro-Ro (roll-on, roll-off), and Ro-Pax (roll- on and passenger) in Austal’s Auto Express range. In the future, when combined with Prof. Endersbee’s Asian Ex- press from Melbourne to Darwin A comprehensive profile of Incat’s Evolution that will be able to transport pro- One 12 vessel, showing its three-tier lay- duce from the southern states to out. Darwin in just 24 hours, this fast freight technology could transform pleted. With the existing industries the present tyranny-of-distance in Australia’s top end, including industries of Victoria, South Aus- the large live cattle export to Asia, tralia and Tasmania (which are and the existing road transport high-bulk and low-value) into technology of B-double and B-tri- high-value, profitable export in- ple trucks capable of 100 km/h that dustries of fresh fruit and vegeta- can deliver southern states’ goods bles. As these industries expand, to Darwin in a short time, the ele- they will drive a rapid expansion ments of a successful fast freight of the fleet of fast freight vessels. industry are ready to be exploited. In the future, hundreds of fast According to Prof. Endersbee, freight ships could make daily runs “The sensible way to commence from Darwin and other northern fast freight would be for the Aus- ports in Queensland and WA, to tralian Government to underwrite Jakarta and its sister ports in Indo- the line, by buying fast freight ves- nesia, and Singapore and beyond, sels from both Incat and Austal, to brimming with Australian-grown avoid picking winners, and start fruits, vegetables, meat, dairy prod- operating the service. The service ucts, and manufactured goods. will create demand. When the mar- The Government holds the key. ket develops, the Government Prof. Endersbee insists that the es- would probably be able to sell tablishment of fast freight runs those ships for two or three times from Darwin to Asia can begin im- the purchase price. It’s an invest- mediately, and does not have to ment.” wait until the Asian Express is com- Economic Necessity, Political Will A ustralia’s geographic location and economic plight both cry out for a strong Australian ship- CSL and ANL came because Aus- tralian industry was acutely disad- vantaged because of a lack of ship- ping industry. With Government ping capacity. However, both lines support in the form of cheap financ- were sabotaged by a political ide- ing and tax breaks, combined with ology that opposed Government regulation of foreign vessels, Aus- involvement in industry, which in tralia can once again enjoy a boom- fact led it to support foreign, pri- ing shipping industry, saving itself vate shipping interests (see histo- the present $10 billion per year in ry of ANL, p. 35). In 2002, history freight costs, an amount which will is repeating itself, and Australian soar as global economic recovery industry is once again disadvan- gets underway. taged by the lack of Australian ship- Australia has a successful track ping capacity. For an island-nation, record in running Government a robust, technologically advanc- shipping lines, through the experi- ing shipping industry is part of the ence of both the 1920s Common- urgently-required infrastructure for wealth Shipping Line, and the sovereignty. Let us, then, dump the 1957 to 1998 Australian National present, costly “free market” ab- Line. The impetus to found both surdity, and get on with the job! Footnotes 1. Roll-on roll-off is where cargo is driven up a ramp onto a boat and stored, usually by a forklift or a similarly ma- noeuvrable vehicle. When first devel- oped in the 1950s, it was a revolution on conventional ship-loading, where cargo would be lifted up and put down in a hold, and then taken and stored. Roll- on roll-off was more capital intensive Ro-Con Express than conventional methods, because the ramps were expensive, but in terms of operating costs, and turnaround times, it was far more efficient. It was eventually largely replaced in bulk freight carrying by the container freight revolution, but it still has its applications. 2. The standard for a nautical mile is the Earth’s equator. Each of the 360 de- grees of the earth’s equator can be fur- ther divided into 60 minutes. Each minute of arc is one nautical mile. There- fore the distance around the earth is 360 Ro-Ro Express x 60, or 21,600 nautical miles. This is the standard measurement used by all nations for air and sea travel. Converted from standard measurements, a nautical mile is 1.852 kilometres, or 1.1508 miles. Austal’s Auto Express range of freight platforms: Ro- Con (roll-on, roll-off and container freight); Ro-Ro (roll- Ro-Pax Express on, roll-off); and Ro-Pax (roll-on and passengers) Ex- press vessels which offer 80% savings on air freight costs.
Pages to are hidden for
"Australia's geographic location"Please download to view full document