Development of Educational Technology
Development of Educational Technology
- Excerpts from Lee Long, &quot;Information Education: a new stage of
?Education, educational technology, with the resulting production, with education and
the development of science and technology development. As the media (materialized)
and smart (non-materialized) technology interaction, resulting in different stages of
development of educational technology.
Educational technology in China started from the audio-visual education and
development, and its development process from the time can be divided into four
First, start-up phase (of the 20th century the late 20&#39;s to 40)
Abroad (mainly USA) under the influence of audio-visual education in our country
from the 20s began in Nanjing, Shanghai, Wuxi, Suzhou, all conducted Zuichu of
audio-visual education experiments, including slides, films and radio applications in
education. With the above-mentioned activities have emerged in the 30&#39;s
&quot;audio-visual education,&quot; the proper nouns.
In order to develop audio-visual education professionals, Jiangsu Institute of
Education, University of Nanking College of Education have been offering special
training course of the film broadcast; the National Institute of Social Studies stream
will set up audio-visual education. Ministry of Education commissioned the
University of Nanking National Government College held audio-visual education
courses, and send students to the United States to learn about courses, degree. In 1947,
Beijing Normal University (now Beijing Normal University) to establish a visual
Education Center, and set up audio-visual education elective courses. In order to
promote the launching of audio-visual education, College of the University of
Nanking in 1941 founded the &quot;Film and Broadcast&quot; magazine;
EDUCATIONAL concentration by the National Institute of Social Education in 1942
published the &quot;audio-visual communication&quot;; Ministry of Social
Education Department published a &quot; EDUCATIONAL
&quot;information; Shu Xincheng published in 1948,&quot;
EDUCATIONAL speech &quot;monograph.
As the old China economic underdevelopment, backwardness of science and
technology, government emphasis on education and insufficient input, audio-visual
education only in a few cities and regions has been carried out, not large-scale
Second, foundation stage (early 20th century, 50 to 60 mid)
1, granted in October 1949 China set up audio-visual education as education has been
developed to be taken seriously. From 1949, Beijing People&#39;s Broadcasting
Station and the Shanghai People&#39;s Radio launched Russian talks, cultural
tutorial, and a radio schools; 1950 Beijing Foreign Language School use Linguaphone
records assisted instruction; in 1951 Fu Jen Catholic University, Northwestern
University set up audio-visual programs ; 1953, Northwest Normal University,
Beijing Foreign Studies University to establish electronic classrooms; Shanghai
International Studies University since 1954 active in audio-visual education, and in
1959 built the first electronic education building in China. Since 1958, more colleges
and universities set up audio-visual education institutions, to carry out audio-visual
education work. Even the border of Inner Mongolia Normal University located (now
the Inner Mongolia Normal University) in 1958 also established a film slide teaching
team organized to carry out audio-visual education work, and in 1963 out of
&quot;film, broadcasting and teaching,&quot; an elective class.
In Pujiaojitong, audio-visual education has developed rapidly. In 1958, Beijing began
to build EDUCATIONAL Museum. Followed by Shanghai, Nanjing, Shenyang,
Harbin, Qiqihar Museum were set up audio-visual education, responsible for the
conduct of primary and secondary audio-visual education.
To 1965, China&#39;s audio-visual education has been with some basis, has
made great achievements. Unfortunately, due to historical reasons, from 60 in the mid
to late 70s, audio-visual education to a standstill.
Third, the development stage (the 20th century to the late 70 early 90)
Sessions of the party, audio-visual education and other utilities, also, has been
growing rapidly. Mainly in the following areas:
(A) the establishment of audio-visual sector
From the central to provincial, city, county, generally set up audio-visual Library
(stations); more than 800 colleges and universities in the country set up different
levels of audio-visual sector; part of the school established a Dianjiao Zu, electronic
classrooms, with professional audio-visual Ren Yuan. To the early 90s, the country
has developed more than 10 million audio-visual education professionals.
(B) EDUCATIONAL depth
EDUCATIONAL media from the slide projector, film, radio, recording extended to
television, video, satellite radio, television, and computer; audio-visual self-made
audio-visual teaching materials and teachers, audio-visual education in-depth
(C) Publication of books and audio-visual education
Founded during this period, &quot;EDUCATIONAL&quot;
(&quot;China EDUCATIONAL&quot; predecessor),
&quot;audio-visual education research,&quot; &quot;Foreign
Language Teaching&quot; and a number of influential magazines, and published
dozens of audio-visual education (educational technology) books and materials.
(D) developing expertise in audio-visual education
In order to adapt to the development of audio-visual education, from short-term
training courses offered to build the professional audio-visual education, specialized
training of personnel. From 1983, South China Normal University, East China Normal
University, enrolled in the first four-year undergraduate; 1986, Beijing Normal
University, Hebei University, South China Normal University, MA in the
establishment of educational technology; in 1993, the establishment of Educational
Technology of Beijing Normal University Doctor points. To the early 90s, more than
30 institutions throughout the country have set up audio-visual education
professionals, and established a doctoral and master more than 10 points.
(E) the development of radio and television education
To meet the demand of reform and opening up of the CPC Central Committee and
State Council decided to establish for the country&#39;s Central Radio and TV.
February 6, 1979, the Central Radio and Television and the national 28 provinces,
autonomous regions and municipalities, Radio and TV at the same time opening. To
the early 90s, evolved into a Central Radio and TV, 43 provinces, autonomous regions,
municipalities and cities with independent planning Radio &amp; TV, 575
prefectures (cities) Radio and Television (Branch) and more than 1,500 county-level
broadcast TV station (Campus) higher education system consisting of radio and
television. At the same time, radio, TV specialized secondary education, vocational
high school television, television teacher education and training in agricultural
technology and so have developed rapidly.
The rise of educational television to promote the educational television station (station)
building. The early 80s, began to build around the educational television (stations)
and television receiving stations. In 1986, the China Education TV set, the use of
satellites for educational television. To the early 90s, educational television stations
across the country (stations) over 500, Educational Television Receiving more than
3,000, up more than 30,000 pixels, and the China Education TV together formed a
satellite TV education network.
(6) audio-visual education research was carried out in depth
During this period, the definition of the audio-visual education, concepts, issues such
as heated nature of the discussions of the role of media in teaching the research
From the late 80s, in the view of foreign education systems under the influence of
domestic audio-visual sector to a &quot;systems approach&quot;,
&quot;Instructional Design&quot;, &quot;Multimedia
Teaching&quot; study, from the &quot;Media View&quot; to a
&quot;system view&quot; .
Main features of this period De teaching Sheji yes Yinjinleyi represented Xitong way
to start a Yi Shi De attention Hangweizhuyi and cognitive learning Lilun on teaching;
media to audio-visual Jishuweizhu and conducted 计算机辅助 teaching Shiyan.
Fourth, in-depth development stage (mid-90s after the 20th century)
After the mid-90s, along with research on educational technology abroad, the gradual
in-depth, in particular the introduction of the definition of the United States
AECT1994 on the further development of our educational technology can play a
significant role in promoting. On this basis, China&#39;s educational and
technical workers on the definition of Educational Technology, positioning, system
depth academic discussion, and achieved fruitful results.
During this period, media technology to be related to multimedia computers and
networks, and simulation teaching system; intelligence technology in the instructional
design theory and practice has been thoroughly studied and widely used, performance
technology has begun to attach importance to education and technical workers; Since
the development of constructivist learning theory, learning theory raised in depth.
During this period, the Educational Technology has been developing rapidly. To the
beginning of this century, more than 100 colleges nationwide have opened
undergraduate education technology, specialist-level education, the establishment of
the five Educational Technology doctoral programs, and more than 30 master points;
in addition to full-face, it also increases Higher Self, Adult Education and other forms,
the formation of a variety of levels and of various specifications, forms of school
systems. At the same time, educational technology research and practical application
of the theory have been developing in depth.
This period is characterized by: a multimedia computer and network-based media
technology is developing rapidly, and instructional design and performance
technology as the representative of the intelligent technology to be valued; rich
educational technology research, education, technical studies as a discipline has been