Manitoba Hydro, in partnership with Natural Resources Canada's National Renewable Diesel Demonstration Initiative, is supporting a C$340,000 project that will demonstrate the use of biodiesel blends (5%) and their longterm storage under extreme cold weather conditions in electric generators in a northern Manitoba community. The biofuel contains (i) a continuous phase comprising about 50-95 wt% of at least one liquid oil of vegetable or animal origin or mixtures thereof; (ii) a water-containing dispersed phase comprising about 1-50 wt% water; (ii) about 1-25 wt% of hydroxyl-containing organic compound selected from the group consisting of mono-, di-, tri-, and polyhydric alcohols; and (iv) about 0.05-10 wt% of at least one emulsifier.
inform July 2010, Vol. 21 (7) 401 Briefs The city of Albuquerque (New Mexico, Biofuels News USA) has decided not to continue to use E85 gasoline (85% ethanol + 15% petroleum-based gasoline) for munici- pal vehicles. It claims fuel-pump failures on police cars, warranty problems, and increased costs of fuel necessitate the change. The city plans to continue using biodiesel, albeit at a B5 level (5% biodiesel + 95% petrodiesel) instead of the B20 it had been using. nnn The following web sites are sources of information on jatropha as a feedstock for biofuel: (i) www.jatrophahq.com presents information on business and science; (ii) www.jatropha-alliance.org is a platform for the jatropha industry; and (iii) http://wn.com/jatropha pres- ents information regarding jatropha in both text and video formats. nnn Manitoba Hydro, in partnership with Natural Resources Canada’s National Renewable Diesel Demonstration Ini- tiative, is supporting a C$340,000 Venter also said, ‘”This becomes a very GENERAL project that will demonstrate the use of biodiesel blends (5%) and their long- powerful tool for trying to design what we want biology to do.” EurekAlert indicated term storage under extreme cold weather conditions in electric gen- erators in a northern Manitoba com- Creation of a researchers are planning to design algae that can capture carbon dioxide and make munity. The project is a follow-up to an initial test conducted by Manitoba synthetic genome new hydrocarbons that could go into refiner- ies. Other possibilities include making new Scientists announced the development of the chemicals or food ingredients and cleaning Hydro in which 173,000 liters of 5% up water. first cell controlled by a synthetic genome biodiesel were shipped to Brochet, Commentary on the development of the (www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-05/ Manitoba, in January 2008; stored for “synthetic cell” has been widespread in both aaft-su051710.php) on May 20 in a paper more than a year; and then burned suc- the scientific and popular literature, ranging published online by the journal Science cessfully in the winter of 2008/2009. (www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/ from questions regarding whether this pub- nnn science.1190719) lication describes the creation of “new life” Lufthansa German Airlines announced The list of 24 authors for this paper (Nature 465:422, 2010); whether this is in mid-May that it too plans to incorpo- includes J. Craig Venter, known for his only a new way to re-engineer organisms rate biofuel into traditional jet fuel on studies characterizing the human genome (Nature 465:424, 2010); the importance of commercial flights (KLM, Continental and presently head of Synthetic Genomics the cell as the basic construct of life (www. Airlines, Virgin Air, and Japan Airlines Inc. (SGI; La Jolla, California, USA) and nytimes.com/2010/06/01/science/01angi. have already tested biofuels). A sched- the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI). html); issues of ethics and security posed ule will likely be decided by the end The authors term their creation a “syn- by synthetic
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