&quot;Storage management&quot; part of the previous sperm analysis test
1 describes the operation of the U.S. Container Transport
In the U.S., an average speed of rail container train 70 ~ 90km / h, in the special line,
marshalling yard and other sectors to ease soon, basically do not pressure me. In the
ports, imports between the ship to Hong Kong are generally pre-declaration to
customs. It can reach 1500km distance more than a day. Which boat to Hong Kong,
the same day the container can be loaded onto trucks unloading containers or rail cars
(if there are vehicles that day), or in transit to the port area the next day the other
container station. Multimodal transport services generally, including the United States,
four independent operating procedures: (1) port operations. Ships stay in port a total
of 3 to 5 days, in which customs clearance is generally 1 to 2 days. (2) working near
the port operations (that is, from the port to the train). (3) long-distance transportation.
Multimodal transport is mainly long-distance rail, with an average speed of 60 ~
80km / h. The normal working day before departure container trains arriving 3 ~ 4h
concentration field, the transport distance of the train can reach every 1200 ~ 1500km.
(4) inland transit operations inland container logistics residence time depends on
commercial considerations, such as container transport process is controlled by the
When the port to the owner of the distance to 1500kin, the use of container trucks.
Containers from the ship and container trucks, its delivery speed is generally 80km / h,
with two drivers will be reduced if the parking time. In the 24h largest container
transport within the range of up to 2000km. Such containers shipped to the owner of
the hands of just a moment, then 2 days back empty, the total turnaround time of 4
days. For exports of goods road transport, is only 3 days.
Combined with case studies the importance of logistics standards and to answer what
is the logistics standardization? What are the requirements of Logistics
(P40) standard is in the transport logistics, distribution, packaging, handling, storage,
distribution processing, resource recovery and information management aspects of the
concept of repetitive services and by developing, publishing and implementation of
various standards, to achieve harmonization in order to the best order and social
benefits. Logistics Standardization developed to meet the following requirements: (1)
Simplify. (2) unification. (3) series. (4) generalization. (5) the combination. The
importance of logistics standardization embodied in: (1) Logistics Standardization is
important to achieve the modernization of logistics management means and the
necessary conditions. Case, logistics standardization so that the whole logistics system
achieve a high degree of coherence, and speed up the process of transport logistics,
loading and unloading speed, the total container turnover, asked only for 4 days. (2)
logistics standardization is an integral part of product quality. (3) logistics
standardization is to reduce cost and improve the logistics efficiency of effective
measures. (4) logistics standardization is to eliminate trade barriers and promote the
development of an important guarantee for international trade.
2 Lianyungang Foreign Trade Cold Storage
Lianyungang Foreign Trade Cold Storage in 1973 and invest in the construction by
the Ministry of Foreign Trade, China&#39;s foreign trade system, one of the
large cold storage, from 12,000 tons of low-temperature libraries (-18 ℃) and 5,000
tons of cold storage (0 ℃) composition, with double loop power. Another common
warehouse of 3,000 square meters, more than 100 tons of refrigeration capacity fleet,
annual processing capacity of processing 1,500 tons of frozen products. The operating
range of material storage, product storage, and processing; oil and products, food,
feed, building materials, metal materials, selling, purchasing, consignment, road
The position is superior cold storage located in Lianyungang Port, the road in front of
the port east west, rather even, Xu, Fen irrigation highway from Lianyungang Civil
Airport is only 50 km railway line and the bank has the Asia-Europe Big Lu Qiaodong
bridgehead connected, adjacent highway, railway passenger station, the traffic is very
The main library and the well-introduced from Japan, assembled cold storage-class
refrigerated form the conditions of cold storage for domestic and foreign customers
store apples, garlic, onions and other fruits and vegetables fresh food. Frozen
processing plant equipped strict quality assurance system, with constant temperature
dark work, with vegetables, aquatic products processing production line two,
year-round at the same time can be processed fresh and frozen agricultural products
and aquatic products, and its rich warehouse storing commodities in excellent
Through a case to talk about the siting and design in the refrigerator should pay
attention to what? Management in the freezing cold chain management, the position
(P261) the siting and design of cold storage include: (1) library site selection of the
basic conditions: ① economic analysis. ② traffic conditions. ③ surrounding
environment. ④ geological terrain. ⑤ water supplies. (2) graphic design of the
basic requirements. ① smooth circulation of goods, do not cross; production and
unimpeded access to libraries transportation, operating without interference, the short
route. ② meet the plant (library) Chief layout requirements, and other production
processes and the flow of goods into the library interface coordination. ③ high and
low temperature area clear, as the separate. ④ In the temperature area clear, the
premise within a reasonable interval to narrow the area of thermal insulation envelope
layer. ⑤ distribution warehouse neat columns, spacing the same, simple structure.
⑥ Treasury easy maintenance and expansion of reserve left to the Treasury.
For example, the location of Lianyungang Foreign Trade Cold Storage Cold Storage
full account of the traffic conditions and surrounding environment, in which the
position is superior, and ports, highways, airports, railways and so close, the traffic is
Cold chain management&#39;s role in the freezer: ① cold is cold chain storage
and transit of goods location. ② is frozen cold chain control and information
gathering places. ③ freezing cold chain management includes most of the technical.
④ is frozen cold chain an important part of the cost.
3 Japan&#39;s Mitsubishi food companies &quot;re-building distribution
90 20th century, rapid chain of business development in Japan, Japanese food
wholesalers - Fresh Link Division seized this opportunity, in accordance with the
&quot;supply chain for logistics,&quot; the idea for the establishment of a
&quot;package procurement&quot;, and provide a range of Logistics
service network system of food for the picking. Thus the company&#39;s annual
sales have exceeded 33 billion yen.
There is a large supermarket chains to the 23 companies originally purchase food
wholesalers, food with Link&#39;s &quot;package of logistics&quot;,
the suddenly reduced to five, 75% of processed food sales, food companies, a
commitment by the Link, the cost significantly. As a result of the computer order to
achieve paperless, eliminating inspection link out rate decreased significantly. As the
multi-frequency, low-volume logistics needs of the higher cost of logistics, in order to
provide consumers with inexpensive goods, must re-build a new distribution
framework, reduce production until the consumers from the entire flow of the overall
cost. In order to achieve this common goal, the production factory, wholesalers,
retailers work together with the &quot;supply chain&quot; thinking, and
build a new distribution system.
Link food company&#39;s strategy is to establish a regional distribution center
RDc and front-end of distribution centers. FDC combination of the logistics network.
FDC is a commodities bear FCL cargo distribution, logistics distribution center of the
task. RDC is split with zero, sub-packing fluid processing intensive functions of
regional distribution centers.
Customer orders sent by the computer according to whether a case for points over the
whole file. To box as a unit of picking operations carried out by the FDC, dissatisfied
FCL, and by the RDC processing, selected by the demolition of zero, after
consolidation, according to different customers tally, with a large truck sent to the
FDC, where and FDC with a good cargo of FCL with the distribution of goods to the
stores. Currently, the company that have been formed in Japan, with 9 of 55 RDC and
FDC&#39;s logistics network.
Through a case to talk about the advantages of the logistics network system. How
should we understand the logistics network? Logistics Centre Development Brief.
(P18) logistics network is established in certain areas can make the logistics of goods
in a number of points, lines between the effective flow of logistics facilities.
Socialized production and the large flow stress is the effective use of social resources
and rational allocation, stressing the effectiveness of the flow of goods. Large-scale
movement of goods needed to support the corresponding logistics network. In
addition, the rise of chain, logistics reliability assurance requirements of reverse
logistics require matching logistics network with.
Case, the large supermarkets for food with Link logistics services company,
substantially lower costs out rate decreased significantly.
Logistics center development trend is reflected in the following areas: (1) Logistics
systematic trend. (2) The trend of logistics information. (3) Logistics Integration
trends. (4) Logistics Professional. (5) Logistics globalization. (6) logistics network
trend. (7) Logistics trend of environmental protection.
4 FAW a public JIT logistics management system
FAW-Volkswagen Automotive Co. was established in 1991, a total of 3,800
employees, annual production capacity of 150,000 cars, 270,000 engines and 180,000
transmissions. FAW-Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd. owns one of Asia&#39;s
largest vehicle garage, an area of more than 90,000 square meters, can also produce
three different brands of cars. But such large-scale vehicle garage, but no supporting
warehouse. Company fundamental components in a &quot;zero
FAW-VW&#39;s parts delivery in the form of three types: first is the electronic
billboard, which the company every month the way the production of information by
scanning through the computer network passed to the supplier factories, other
arrangements according to their production of this information , then the company
according to production availability, the other is immediately sent using the
company-owned vehicles of various plant parts at the entrance, and then from the
entrance to the station assigned to the workshop on. The second is called the JIT
system, the companies under the order to picking off cars one sent to the supplier
factories, and the other parts in the order sent directly to the loading station, thereby
abolish the intermediate storage areas. The third is a bulk purchase, supply plants that
do not affect the overall situation for a month and no change in quantity of small parts
to send one or two batches.
In early 1998, the logistics control system developed successfully and put into use,
which spent less than 300 million yuan system withstood the test of more than ten
million vehicles. Guo Qu vehicle workshop a production line, only one model, the
production site Shangju crowded, and now also in a production line assembling two to
three kinds of models of mixed mode of production, not only to achieve a timely,
accurate, and the production site than the original savings of nearly 10%. In addition,
parts storage reduced, annual cost savings of up to 67 because of 100 million yuan.
Meanwhile, the supplier plants also decreased by 30% to 50% of reserves in the
products and finished products.
Through a case to answer the following questions: What is a JIT system? JIT system
works and what is the purpose? JIT management of the warehouse management What
are the requirements?
(P238) JIT (Just In Time) system to produce in 1973, it is Eiji Toyoda and Taiichi
Ohno at Toyota Motor Company first adopted. JIT refers to the so-called customer
requirements in accordance with the time, place, according to the number of their
needs, produce or provide products or services to their needs.
JIT production system are: (1) production and plans are fully consistent with the
number of products. (2) provides the date and time for production. (3) ensure that the
provisions of the date received from suppliers of products have the quality.
The purpose of the system time can be summarized as follows: zero inventory; zero
transaction; defect; eliminate waste. The purpose of zero inventory is just in time, one
of Volkswagen&#39;s garage is large, spare parts are available in a zero
inventory company status, because the use of JIT system, the abolition of the
intermediate storage areas. Parts of the storage reduction, cost savings annually for up
to 67 billion yuan, the company benefits greatly enhanced natural.
JIT system implementation conditions are the following: (1) Demand Equilibrium. (2)
quality and stability. (3) alternative suppliers. (4) levels of management and staff of
high technical quality.
Application of JIT systems require attention: (1) strict driving concept. (2) high
efficiency, low-cost mode of transport logistics. (3) with suppliers long-term, reliable
partnerships. (4) decision-making support. (5) emphasis on human resources
development and utilization.
5 DH apparel company VMI system
America&#39;s can Hyde (DH) apparel companies supplier-managed inventory
(VMI) as to increase sales, improve service levels, reduce costs and remain
competitive and strengthen ties with customers and strategic measures. In the course
of the implementation of VMI, DH has found that some customers wish to use EDI
advanced technology and close the two sides to form a mutually beneficial,
relationship between trust and information sharing.
For the implementation of its clients VMI, DH has selected the company&#39;s
MMS STS system, and based on customer trifoliate / server VMI management
software. DH companies using Windows NT, use the PC, so the server with five user
terminals.在 STS with the help of the company, employees were trained, set the
necessary parameters and use the basic rules. Technical staff for the host
system&#39;s data and the preparation of a specific EDI business management
program. In the initial stage, DH chosen distribution chain as a pilot unit of several
major customers. Distributors parameters, configuration, delivery period,
transportation plans, sales history data and other data, is input into the computer
system unified. After a period of operation, according to the Department of
Information Systems DH statistics, distributors reduced inventory by 50%, sales
increased by 23%, and achieved great results.
Then, DH VMI system will be extended, and according to the characteristics of new
customers to take a variety of measures, in the original VMI management software
adds many new features. VMI system established, the customer weekly sales and
inventory data will be sent to the DH company, and then by the host system and the
VMI interface system for processing. DH companies with VMI system, according to
historical sales data, seasonal styles and color of different factors, for each forecast
year customer sales and inventory requirements. The results show that, DH companies
and other customers to achieve the expected benefits.
Combination of case studies in logistics and warehouse management using modern
technology the importance and necessity. Modern warehouse management involves
new technologies What are the main? Occasions and each technique uses what is the
scope? Were produced on the Storage Management What is the impact?
(P215) of modern warehouse management technology can help not only the modern
logistics enterprises should meet the high standards, but also the logistics management
of the enterprise corresponding requirements.
Case, DH company distributor inventory reduced by 50%, sales increased by 23%,
and achieved good results, and finally, DH companies and other customers to achieve
the expected benefits.
Modern warehouse management technology are mainly related to bar code systems,
RFID systems, WMS systems and JIT systems.
Bar width by a group of different articles of different reflectivity, air, and the
corresponding character encoding rules required together to indicate a set of data and
some information symbols. In the modern logistics center management, bar code has
been widely used. Used in the bar code, in addition to product bar code, there are
cargo space bar, loading and unloading station bar code, bar code and other vehicles.
Bar code application almost in the whole logistics center processes all the segments.
Bar code and computer applications, greatly improving the speed of information
transmission and data accuracy.
Radio frequency technology (RFID) use radio waves to read and write on the
recording media, radio frequency identification distance of up to tens of centimeters
to several meters, and according to the way reading and writing, you can enter
thousands of bytes of information at the same time, also has a very high
confidentiality. Radio frequency identification technology used are: material tracking,
identification and other required means of delivery and shelf non-contact data
collection and exchange of occasions, especially for applications that require frequent
changes in data content of the occasion. The RFID system for intelligent management
of warehouse goods, can effectively solve the warehouse and the movement of goods
related to information management. Also, because RFID has a strong position
management, warehouse management can help to quickly understand the products are
stored, to help storage administrators manage goods for inventory and so on. Similarly,
in supermarkets and other products such as the rapid flow of segments, RFID will also
play its powerful features fast read.
Warehouse Management System (WMS) is an information support tool is a set of
applications of the operating software on the items in the circulation process of
support and assurance play an important role. It contains the methods and techniques
to complete the distribution warehouse distribution centers function provides a
powerful support and guarantee.
JIT (JIT) system to produce in 1973, it is Eiji Toyoda and Taiichi Ohno at Toyota
Motor Company first adopted. The so-called just in time means the time in
accordance with customer requirements, location, number according to their needs,
produce or provide products or services to their needs. The purpose of the system time
can be summarized as follows: zero inventory; zero transaction; defect; eliminate