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					INCO




       JUNE 1972
                                                                                "B" average in school and played        INCO
                                                                                hockey and baehaU for his
                                                                                school teams, too,
                                                                                   Hk father, Syd, relired on a
                                                                                disability pension in 1%7 after
                                                                                                                      TRIANGLE
                                                                                                                      Volume 32 Number 6
                                                                                17 years with Inco. Syd wac on
                                                                                the motor crew at No. shaft.
                                                                                Creighton. The family now lives       Published for Ontario employees
                                                                                in Ottawa.                            of The International Nickel Com-
                                                                                                                      pany of Canada, Limited, Copper
                                                                                   Colins ambition is to have a
                                                                                                                      Cliff, Ontario.
                                                                                band of his own and if every-
                                                                                thing goes right, I hope to he a             Peter Marshall Editor
                                                                                success in recording and per-                   (705) 682-2604
                                                                                forming in Canada." There
                                                                                seems little doubt he is on his                   Pictures
                                                                                way.                                  Derek Wing, Chief Photographer
                                                                                                                        flrthrjc   flivicn
                                                                                     This month's cover
                                                                                Six-year-old Michael Hum from Contributors
                                                                                Levack Public School drew our Les Lewis Mary Sitko Al Cruthers
                                                                                lunar lander. He's a student in
                                                                                Mrs. R. Hamilton's kindergarten
                                                                                class. His was the best drawing      Circulation
                                                                                amongst several from grades one      Additional copes (705) 682.2102
                                                                                and two as well. The astronauts
                                                                                seemed to enjoy their stay so        Autharized as second class mail by the
                                                                                much in the Nickel Capital, we       Post Office Department, Ottawa, and for
                                                                                wondered what would happen if        payment of postage in cash.
                                                                                they took a wrong tum out in
                                                                                space. Orest Andrews put all the Material contained in the Inco Triangle
                                                                                elements together to make the L50ud not be reprinted unless permission
                                                                                                                 has bean obtained from the editor.
                                                                                cover. More on the astronauts on
                                                                                page 5.                                            _________
              Cohn Butler's first album will be released soon.                            Employees with better ideas
                                                                                First, the good news: employees        ment and as such have income
                                                                                at Copper Cliff South Mine are         tax deducted at source before
            LITTLE BIG MAN                                                      now included in the suggestion
                                                                                plan award program and on July
                                                                                                                       presentation to the winner. How-
                                                                                                                       ever, as earnings, the awards are
 His fans call him "Canada's               ronto, as well as country fairs      1, Clarabelle Mill joins the plants    also included in the tax state-
 young singing sensation" and              throughout Ontario and Quebec.       included in the plan.                  ment and are included for Vac-
 "the little man with the big                 He has entertained over 17,000       Now, the bad news: All sug-         ation Pay ca culations.
 style". He's 11-year-old Cohn                                                  gestion awards are considered             Below are suggestion plan
                                           at a Victoria Day celebration at
 Butler, son of Inco pensioner             Ottawa's Lansdowne Park, and         earnings by the federal govern-        award winners for May.
 Syd Butler. Nickel Capital coun-          700 inmates at the Burwash           NAME LOCATION                        SUBJECT AWARD
 try and western fans can see              Prison Farm.                         E. Oja         C.C. Smelter          Changes to feed gates, $160
 him in action at the Massey                  On stage, Cohn usually ap-                                             Electric Furnace
 Agricultural Fair August 25 and           pears in a sequined suit with a        H. F. Aubin Copper Refinery        Timer for Anode storage $135
 26.
                                          silk shirt. His stage wardrobe                                             shears
     Cohn was born in Sudbury the         already numbers 14 costumes -         L. A. Vincent Copper Refinery        Steam syphon for bone $105
  last day of December, 1960, and         velvet jackets, sequined cowboy      J. H. Lange                           ash
  started singing at the age of five.     outfits and lurex pants, and spe-
                                                                                R. St. Pierre Stobie                 Groove pipe with tugger $ 45
 That was when Terry Roberts              cial outfits for novelty numbers.
                                                                               A. Voltti                             hoist
  invited him on stage during a           As Cohn grows, so does his
 Saturday matinee. Cohn recalls           wardrobe: he has already out-         R. Tessarolo Stobie                  Lock for underground $ 45
 that he sang two Beatle songs.           grown five pairs of cowboy                                                tool room
 Cohn memorized the lyrics by             boots.                               E. Tweedle      Frood                 Trip lamp assembly $ 45
 playing records over and over                Most of Cohn's entertaining      A. God in      C.C. Smelter           Use of Bullard safety $ 30
 again while playing with his toys        is done on weekends, but when                                             crane hooks
 at home.                                 it is necessary for him to miss      F. Mansfield C.C. Smelter            Change expansion joint on $ 30
    Later that same year Cohn            school, arrangements are made                                              F.B.R. weigh bars
 appeared on CKSO-TV and other           for him to bring his studies on       G. Piccinin    C.C. Smelter          Signal light on lead track $ 30
 local radio and stage appear-           the road, being tutored by his                                             to Charabelle Mill
 ances followed. When only 8,            mother, Elsie.
                                                                               J. Sutherland Garson - trans. to Grip on raise borer reels $ 35
 he cut his first two records, ' The         Cohn sings in English and                        Clarabelle Mill
 Unicorn" and "Crash the Grand           French and accompanies himself
                                                                               E. Kishynski   Garson                Method to keep chalk         $ 20
 Ole Opry".                              on the guitar. He takes music
                                                                                                                    marks on skip drum hoist
    He has since sung with such          lessons twice a month from
                                         former Metropolitan Opera             P. Desjardins l.O.R.P.               New Ni oxide sample          $ 15
famous country and western
stars as Sonny James, Hank Snow,         singer Ed Johnson of Hamilton.                                             container
Don Messer, Rich Little, Carl            He is also taking acting and          B. Todd        Copper Refinery       Holding bar station at       $ 15
Smith, and Ted Daigle. Besides          dancing essons and is learning                                              No. 3 furnace
these appearances, Cohn has per-        choreography.                          L. Lagrove     C.C. Smelter          Changes to procedure re $ 10
formed over 500 times profes-                With all that activity and ex-                                         Peerless armature turning
sionally at clubs in New York,          citement, it is surprising Cohn                                             and banding machine
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Nash-         finds time for anything else. But
ville, Montreal, Ottawa and To-         this versatile kid also manages a                                              Total $720

PkGE TWO                                                                                                                                INCO TRIANGLE
                                                                                                                          TT7T
                                                                                                                                     ,-




                                                                                                                  .   .   ..   ..-   -    ----
                                                                                                - ___


                                                                            Moe Vilieneuve finds living in the Mikkoia subdivision very handy for
                                                                            commuting to the iron Ore Recovery Plant where he is a senior clerk in
                                                                            the warehouse. His wife VIvian does most of the work in the garden, but
                                                                            Moe says he likes to take the credit. Daughter Jacqueline is 3 and the
                                                                            young lady on her mother's lap is 11/2-year-oid Jennifer. The musket
                                                                            above the mantle is not only ornamental but is also a keepsake given

      • :.                                             i._
                                                                            to Moe by his father, Laurence Vilieneuve who worked at Levack Mine.


      Joe Agius left hIs native Malta in 1950 to visit his brothers in
      Port Coiborne and has remained there ever since. Joe joined
      Inca in 1951 and is a lift truck operator in the yard department.
      He enjoys electronics, especially repairing TV sets. Pictured
      here with his wife, Gladys are Keith, 8, RIchard, 6, Randy, 17
      and Michael, 4.




  RWdUf JsBZMx\
   r     ,   •.:




                                                                                            Grouped around their blossoming apple tree are Jamie
A skimmer at the Copper Cliff Smelter, "Maxy" Tharand has been with inco for 33 years.      Gajdek and his wife, Brauna. Perched on the ladder
Seated beside Maxy and his wife Olevine are two of their daughters, Laurette (married       are Eva, 11, and Willy, 10. Their eight-year-Old pet,
to Levack motorman, Bob Bett) and Lucille (married to Bernard Thibert, a sandfiii man       Sampy, also appears to enjoy having his photo taken
at Levack). in the middle are Jeannine (Mrs. Joe Niceforo) Normand a driller at             Jamie started in 1952 and is a hoistman at Stobie
Levack, and Claudette (married to Art Seguin. a hoistman at Stobie Mine). Standing          Mine. One of his hobbies is teaching boxing to young-
are Ronald, a mud-man helper at the refinery and Raymond. A grand total of 107 years        sters. and he is well qualified as he was Ontario
with inco are represented by Max, his sons and sons-in-law.                                 amateur welterweight champion in 1955.

JUNE 1972                                                                                                                            PAGE Tfu.EE
 These employees' kids are happy                                                         -




                  ,1
                                           .



                                                      I
                                                                              r'%              f'
                                                            \                                       k
                                          1)
                                                                                                                 q
       Gerald Allan    Mark Ant.nlauI Miry Durjancik lorit Fesyk                 Rou Hoiham Willlai     H.wi Judy Luyten               Barsra Milli



                                                                                                          k




 a:;1i M4'ih
                                                                                     ,       41u1j


 Donald O'Shaughnesiy Margaret Sklrda Stanley Simmons Rab.rt St..I. Edward TorIckI               Karen WIlliami Edward Wolkl Stanley Yen



                                                    because they've won Inco scholarships
Scholarships valued at approx-          is employed in the engineering          Margaret A. Skirda is the         Sudbury High School, is the son
mately $5,000 each, based on a          department at Copper Cliff.           daughter of Michael Skirda, an      of William Yen, who is employ-
four-year university course, have          Boris J. Fesyk, of Sudbury,        employee in the general en-         ed in the mechanical depart-
been awarded to 19 sons and             whose father Wasyl Fesyk is em-       gineering department at Copper      ment at Copper Cliff. He plans
daughters of employees by The           ployed in the Copper Cliff            Cliff. A graduate of Copper         to study physics at the University
International Nickel Company of         Smelter, is a graduate of Sheri-      Cliff High School, she will study   of Toronto.
Canada, Limited. Sixteen were           dan Technical School. He will         chemistry at the University of
awarded to children of Ontario                                               Western Ontario.
Division employees; three in
Manitoba.
                                       study business administration at
                                        the University of Western On-
                                        tario.
                                                                                Stanley J. Simmons, of Lively,
                                                                             whose father, Stanley A. Sim-
                                                                                                                  Aug. 19 is date for
   In addition to tuition and fees,
                                           Ross W. Hanham is the son of
                                        Douglas F. Hanham, chief chem-
                                                                             mons, is employed in the pro-
                                                                             cess technology department at
                                                                                                                  Inco golf tourney
each scholarship annually pro-                                               Copper Cliff, is a graduate of
                                        ist and precious metals superin-                                           On Saturday, August 19, 288
vides $500 to the recipient and                                              St. Charles College. He plans
                                       tendent at the Port Colborne                                                enthused Inco golfers will take
a supplement grant to the uni-                                               to attend Queen's University to
                                       Nickel Refinery. A graduate of                                              to the field in the lush setting
versity. The awards are made on                                              study engineering.
                                        Port Colborne High School, he                                              of the Idylwylde Golf Course for
a one-year basis and are renew-
                                       will study engineering science           Robert 1. Steele, a graduate of    the Annual Interplant Golf Tour-
able for three additional years or
                                       at the University of Toronto.          Lorne Park Secondary School,         nam ent.
until graduation, whichever is
                                           WilUam C. Hews, whose father,     Mississauga, will study applied           Awards will include three
the shorter period, providing the
                                       Charles F. A. Hews is assistant       chemistry at the University of        team championship trophies: the
winners satisfy the academic and
                                       manager of mines at Copper            Waterloo. His father, Keith J.        R. L. Beattie for low gross, and
conduct requirements of the
universities where the scholar-        Cliff, is a graduate of the Copper    Steele is manager of design in        the F. C. Lambert and A. Godfrey
ships are held. A total of 172         Cliff High School. He will enroll     the engineering department of         for low net in each of two
children of Inco employees have        at the University of Toronto to       the company's Toronto office.         groups of 36 teams randomly
received awards since the plan         study industrial engineering.            Edward Torbicki, whose father      selected during the draw, plus
was begun in 1956.                         Judy A. Luyten of Sudbury,        Alfred Torbicki is employed at        runners-up and many other
                                       whose father, Andrew P. Luyten,       the Port Colborne Nickel Re-          individual prizes.
   The new recipients of the On-       is employed at the Kirkwood           finery, is a graduate of Port             Entries will close July 7 or
tario scholarships are as follows:     Mine, is a graduate of LaSalle        Colborne High School. He will        when the 288 spots have been
   Gerald R. Allan of Chelmsford,      Secondary School. She will study      enroll at the University of To-       filled. The entry fee of $9 covers
whose father, James Allan, is          mathematics at the University of      ronto to study chemistry.             green fees, lunch or dinner and
employed at Levack Mine, is a          Waterloo.                                Karan M. Williams, of Sud-        a dance in the evening.
graduate of Chelmsford Valley              Barbara A. Mills, of Levack, is   bury, a graduate of Lo-Ellen Park         First and second draws will
District Composite School. He          the daughter of William L Mills,      Secondary School, will study         commence play at 7:00 a.m. and
plans to study mathematics.           employed at Levack Mine. A             mathematics at the University of     1:00 p.m. respectively. Summer
    Mark A. Anton,azz, of Sudbury     graduate of Levack District High       Waterloo. Her father, R. J.          rules and the Callaway handicap
is the son of Lino Antoniazzi, an     School, she will study nursing         Williams, is a mine efficiency       system will be used.
employee at the Copper Cliff          at the University of Toronto.          engineer at Frood Mine.                   A committee from the process
Smelter. A graduate of St.                Donald J. O'Shaughnessy, a            Edward Wolski, of Sudbury,        technology department is in
Charles College, he will study        graduate of the Niagara Falls          whose father Matthew Wolski is       charge of organizing the event
mathematics at the University         Collegiate Vocational Institute,       employed at the Stobie Mine, 5       this year. A special invitation is
of Waterloo.                          Niagara Falls, will study medi-        a graduate of LaSalle Secondary      extended to pensioners who
   Mary Durjancik, a graduate of      cine at McGill University. His         School. He will enroll at the        would like to share in the day's
Sudbury High School, will study       father, Joseph F. O'Shaughnessy,       University of Toronto to study       enjoyment. Enquiries should be
commerce at Laurentian Univer-        a former miner at Frood Mine,          medicine.                            directed to Janet Paquette at
sity. Her father, John Durjancik      resides in St. Davids, Ontario.          Stanley Yen, a graduate of         682-4482.

PAGE    FouR                                                             INCO                                                             TRIANGLE
 Apollo- nauts
 like our rocks                                                                                                               "-C


They came a few weeks too early        research geologist, did the
                                                                                                                          a
 to be named "tourists of the           honors this year.
week", but nonetheless astro-              For some time inco geologists,
 nauts Eugene Cernan, Dr. Har-          led by Guy Bray, have been
 rison Schmitt, Robert Parker and      interested in the theory that the
Gordon Fullerton, probably will        Sudbury basin was caused by a
be the most famous visitors Sud-       meteoric impact. First proposed
 bury will welcome in 1972.            in 1964 by a NASA geologist, Inco
    Astronauts Cernan and Schmitt      scientists first tried to disprove
will be aboard Apollo 17 when          the theory but, failing this, have
it blasts off in December for          come to agree with it. As a
 NASA's last manned exploration        result, Inco and NASA geologists
of the moon. Parker and Fuller-        have been in contact for several
ton are the back-up crew. Along        years.
with a NASA team of about a                "Because of this research con-
dozen experts, they spent two          nection, and because we know
days in the Nickel District on a       the area and are familiar with
geological training mission for        its features, we were asked to
the astronauts.                        escort the astronauts," Don
    Unlike last year's simulated       Phipps explained.
space walk by the Apollo 16                Don was on the road a day
crew, this was largely a series of     before the a.tronauts arrival
"show and tell" sessions where         checking likely sites. He recom-
the astronauts tried to locate         mended they visit Lake Wahna-         Astronauts Parker and Cerrian look Don Phipps and Astro-geOiOgist
                                                                             over Keiiy Lake area. Schmitt discuss shatter-cones.
and identify specific rock struc-      pitae, Windy Lake, Kelly Lake,
tures they hope to find near their     High Falls, and the Creighton
lunar landing site. Like the           Mine area.                            •        ..-               .        -


Apollo 16 crew, they were most            "Not much organization was
interested in finding samples of       required on our part," he said.
shatter cones and breccia.             "Having done it last year when
    Breccia are coarse - grained       it was more complicated with                               -             -             -


rocks composed of angular frag-        traverses and base stations, etc.,
ments of other rocks, and are         we were well prepared for this
usually indicative of meteoric        year."                                 ..-
impact. Shatter cones are a               Asked for his impressions of        '4
peculiar conical form of frac-        the astronauts, Don replied: "I                                                                            '
tures which occur when rocks
break under the force of a huge
shock wave.
                                      found Gene Cernan liked to keep
                                      things moving. if we got de-
                                       layed, he'd say 'let's get going'.
                                                                                                                                 -i     :'
   The importance of on-the-spot      He was very concerned with
training was justified last April     keeping to the schedule and was
23 when Apollo 16 commander           all business. But he was very
John Young described a lunar          likeable, as they all are.




                                                                                                   i
rock sample this way: "Did you            "I was amazed at the way they
[astronaut Charles Duke] de-          go into detail, especially Cernan,
scribe this one with the black        and keep asking questions about
streak running through it? it         the rocks until they get the
has a black fracture pattern          answers they want.
running through the middle of             "Schmitt? Being a geologist,
it. . . . it's about 6 - it looks     he was more advanced as far as
like a Sudbury breccia."              asking questions and catching on
   The Apollo 16 crew also found      to what we were showing them.
 shatter cones on the moon and        He'll be the first trained geol-      Photo from the moon: this is the "Sudbury brecchia" John Young
 NASA officials said without their    ogist to walk on the moon."           described April 23.
visit to the Nickel District such         Asked if he'd hire "astro-
discoveries would have been im-       geologist" Schmitt, Don replied:
possible.                             "i'd have to look at his qualifi-      that the two airmen were well       Captain, we're all right back
   What this confirms is that at      cations, but if we ever explore        aware that they had expert test     here'."
least some of the moon's im-          on the moon, yes, i'd hire him!"       pilots as passengers. Don said               A moon mine?
portant craters were formed by            Besides their explorations on     the pilot and copilot didn't want      A moon mine? Unlikely said
meteors smashing into its sur-       foot around the Sudbury basin,         to bank too sharply as this         Don Phipps. "i'd go out on a
face rather than volcanic erup       the astronauts spent two hours         "mightn't look right in the         limb and say it'll never come,"
tions, which many scientists         aloft on an aerial reconnaissance.     back."                              he said when asked if mineral
thought these features repre-        They flew to Algonguin Park to            "When we landed again in         exploration on th moon was
sented.                              circle Brent Crater, another           Sudbury, you could hear the         possible. Our ore reserves on
   Guides for both astronaut         meteoric impact site, and then         astronauts, were remarking how      earth are sufficient for the future
visits were inco geologists. J.       returned to fly over our basin.       good the landing was, and when      and it will be a long time before
Guy Bray, manager of geological          Don spent most of his time         we shut down Gene Cernan            it will be economical enough to
research, Don Phipps, senior re-     in the cockpit telling the NASA        seemed to sense the air crew's      ship from the moon, he said.
search geologist, and Ed Pattison,   pilots where to fly. He recalled       feelings for he piped up: 'Oh              Continued on Page 13

JUNE 1972                                                                                                                              PAGE FivE
 Most Sudbury district employees will enjoy a
 summertime vacation with their families starting July 31
 That's when Inco plants will shut down for three weeks.
 To help your planning, we suggest two Northern
 Ontario holiday ideas.


      Polar Bear on tracks
 Stick to the well worn tourist         views of such modern triumphs
 trail if that's your style, but you    as the formidable Otter Rapids
 could be missing one of the last       hydro dam and the half-mile
 great, romantic train rides in         causeway and bridge that spans
 North America aboard the On-           the mighty Moose River.
 tario Northland Railway's Polar            For the more adventurous,
 Bear Express. It's the major life-     there's an exciting canoe journey
 line stretching from Moosonee          that can be combined with the
 on the Arctic tidewaters of            train trip itself, connecting at
 James Bay to the supply center of      Mile 142, about 45 miles south
 Cochrane, 186 miles to the             of Moosonee. The ONR has a
 south.                                 working arrangement with the
    Most of the year the Polir         Moose Factory Indian hand
 Bear with its mixed cargo of          which provides expert canoemen
freight and passenger coaches           to guide tourists down the voya-                         ••   .:•:-
slips out of Cochrane just three        geur route of the Moose. Youg-                                         4

times a week. But in summer,           sters over 10 are admitted and
timetables turn crazy and from          it includes overnight camping
June 18 to September 17, all-          and side-trip fishing enroute.
passenger excursions will go six           The land between Cochrane
times a week, every day but            and Moosonee has been tamed
Friday.                                little beyond the width of the
    And, at $12 for adults and         railroad right-of-way. It is a land
$6 for kids over five and under        of muskeg and scrub brush,
12, it is one of the best travel       whose scattered inhabitants are,
bargains you'll ever encounter.        in every sense of the word,                                                                   Brian Hemingway
Departing Cochrane at 8:15 a.m.        pioneers.                              Sand beaches in the north? Yes, on Moose Factory Island, where you
and allowing five hours to ex-             You'll be struck by the casual-    can also camp free.
plore Moosonee and nearby              ness of the Polar Bear. For it,
Moose Factory Island before re-        split-second timetables are a
                                                                              eight stops. Actually, it will stop    town. It's a tough, gutty work-
turning at 11 p.m., it is a journey    rule-of-thumb, not a word of
                                                                              anywhere, any time, for anyone         ing community where the soli-
through history, with added            law. Officially, it makes only
                                                                              who flags it down, even if they        tude is broken daily by the roar
                                                                              haven't the fare for this is de-       of aircraft taking off to supply
                                                                              solate country.                        mail and provisions to far-flung
                                                                                 Hunters and fishermen are let      sealhunting grounds or to the
                                                                              off where they desire, their           missionary and trading outposts
                                                                              canoes, tents and supplies un-        scattered along the rugged shores
                                                                              loaded from the baggage car on        of James and Hudson Bays.
                                                                              the spot. Next day, next week,           Freighter canoes are always
                                                                              or a month hence, the Polar           available to ferry visitors across
                                                                              Bear will be back to pick them        the half mile of river separating
                                                                              up.                                   Moosonee and Moose Factory
                                                                                 Freight along the line isn't       Island. The Crees still make their
                                                                              addressed by town or hamlet,          homes for a mile along the
                                                                              but by milepost, and a sharp          island's shore. To this day these
                                                                              blast of the horn signals that a      Indians trade pelts for life's
                                                                              package is waiting by the track.      necessities at the Hudson's Bay
                                                                              There might be a short delay          Co. store.
                                                                             while a grisly trapper, laden             The island is a strange study
                                                                             down with packsack and canoe           in contrasts. Here an ultramod-
                                                                             over his head, climbs aboard.          ern hospital cares for the Indians
                                                                                Train time is a big event in        and Eskimos of the northland
                                                                             Moosonee. Summer or winter,            whose nurses not long ago re-
                                                                             the station platform will be           ceived isolation pay. A short
                                                                             packed with residents of the           walk away, near a supermarket-
                                                                             settlement, some waiting for           style trading post, is one of On-
                                                                             friends or freight, most of them       tario's oldest buildings a
                                                                             just out to watch the Polar Bear       blacksmith shop, built in 1740
                                                                             come in.                               and which today houses, along
                                                                                To the first-tripper, the sights    with the original forge, many
                                                                             and sounds of Moosonee are             mementos of early trading days.
                                                                             about as familiar as those of             Down the road is the ancient
Always a thrill for youngsters is when the Polar Bear Express rolls into     Katmandu. This is no Hollywood         Anglican church with its beaded
Moosonee.                                                                    version of a neat, tidy trontier       moocehide altar cloths and Cree

PAGE Six                       INc0                                TRIANGLE
 language prayer books. Behind           tourist lodges with good accom-       Timmins, Highway 101 to Iro-           the great obsession and during
 it is the tiny graveyard whose          modations and reasonable weekly       quois FaUs and then Highway            the Gemboree there is a giant
 markers tell of the deaths of           rates. The Sunday ,rnorgashord,       11 all the way into Cochrane.          swap table. Children are among
 many of the early traders and           offered at both just before the       It's about a five-hour drive from      the keenest enthusiasts, They
 missionaries of the outpost.            train leaves, is excellent. There     Sudhury.                               are sharp-eyed and make good
    The Ontario government step-         are also two provincial parks            Highway 11, the famed Trans-        swappers. Much of the festival
 ped in several years ago to             that are free to campers -            Canada northern route connects         is geared to their needs and
 preserve what is left of the for-       Polar Bear Wildernes5 Park, a         with Highway 17 at North Bay.          there is a children's day with
 tress trading post and a prize          few miles north by canoe, and         Worth a visit are the pulp and         prizes and halfprice rides.
 possession is the island's only         Charles sland's Provincial Park,      paper mill at Iroquois Fafls and          Admission is $1 a day for
 stone building, a powder mag-           a half mile away.                     the mining museum in Cobalt.           adults for the first two days,
 azine befieved to have been built          Getting to Cochrane for the        The entire northeast is a treasure     $1.50 for the final three; no
 about the same time as the              train is easy. There are two          trove for those interested in          charge for children under 12;
 blacksmith shop.                        routes from the Nickel District       rocks and rockhounding with            free parking. Further information
                                         and both are equally interesting,     over 50 different native min-           is available from: Rockhound
    There's a sense of timelessness
                                         with plenty of provincial parks       erals, and Moosonee and Moose          Gemboree, P.O. Box 691, Ban-
 to Moosonee and Moose Factory
                                         along the way. The shortest           Factory are prime areas for fossil     croft, Ont.
 Island, a deceptive feeling that
                                         route is to take Highway 144 to       hunters.                                  In Ontario, almost anywhere
 here is a community that will
                                                                                                                      you travel affords good mineral
 forever be a refuge from a more
                                                                                                                      collecting. Certain areas, of
hectic life. Part of this romance
 is due to the beauty of a true
wilderness country, where one
                                               Rock festival with a difference                                        course, are better than others.
                                                                                                                      Three most likely areas, in addi-
                                          You probably won't strike it rich     lilac-hued calcite, jet black horn-   tion to Bancroft, are: Cobalt,
can still gaze at a star-scattered
                                           here, but you're sure to be kept     blende, milky white tourmaline        Canada's once fabulous silver
sky through smogless air, and
                                                                                and bright green amazonite, plus      mining area; the Niagara Falls-
where the charging tempo of                in the chips.
                                                                                a score of rare minerals dis-         to-Toronto horseshoe, and the
the twentieth century seems to                Precious and semi-precious
disappear as silently as the tide.                                              covered in only one or two other      Canadian shore of Lake Superior
                                          stones, the elite of the earth's                                            along Hwy 17.
 But the sight of power dams en           upper crust, are the main attrac-     places in the world. The pre-
 route, the roar of airplanes, the        tion each summer when Bancroft        cious materials are found on
sweep of the radar antenna at
the Canadian Armed Forces
                                          plays host to some 20,000 North       rockpiles, in quarries and pits,
                                                                                but mostly in the dumps of the
                                                                                                                           Parks cost more
                                          American rockhounds for an an-
base, warn of an old way of life                                               old uranium mines.                     Campers will pay more this year
                                          nual five-day Gemboree, largest
moving slowly to an end. There's                                                   Set in a 20-acre tent city, the    to visit Ontario's 113 provincial
                                          mineral show of its kind in
only a few miles of roadway                                                    Gemboree includes field trips,         parks. Revised fees include an
                                          Canada.
around Moosonee, but they're                                                   visits to abandoned mines, swap-       increase from $10 to $15 for
                                              From August 1 to 5, devotees                                            seasonal vehicle permits.
cherished by the inhabitants.             from both sides of the border        ping sessions and mineral dis-
You'll see lots of old cars with                                               plays, besides demonstrations of          The daily campsite fee, which
                                         will converge on this community,                                             includes vehicle entry, is up $1
back-dated plates or no plates           about 30 miles south of Algon-        gemstone cutting and various
at all, and seemingly everyone                                                 other facets of the pastime. Over      to $3.50 or to $4 with electricity,
                                          quin Park, to take part in a rock
drives a motorcycle or scooter.                                                the years the scope has expanded       where available. The interior
                                          festival with a difference, a big
    There are few souvenir bar-                                                to include hobbies in general:         camping permit, which allows
                                          hit since it started in 1964.
gains to be found. Moosonee                                                    driftwood displays, leathercraft,      the holder and other occupants
                                             With only a hammer, a chisel,
artisans are well aware of the                                                 gemstone jewelry and rare coins.       of his boat or canoe to use canoe
                                         a small satchel and not much
popularity of the tourist trains                                                   Besides providing a total intro-   routes and camp in unorganized
                                         money, you can enjoy the all-
and many will hawk handicrafts                                                 duction to the sport, the Gem-         campsites, is $2 per night or $20
                                         family recreation of rockhound-
to the new visitors as soon as            ing.                                 boree adds the fun of a fair, with     for 16 days.
they step off the train. Prices for                                            such extra features as western            The daily vehicle permit is up
                                             For the uninitiated, a rock-
carvings and drawings, for ex-           hound is an amateur geologist         music, square dancing and out-         50 cents to $1.50 and the bus
ample, although not as extra-            with the adventurous spirit of a      door corn roasts.                      entry permit has jumped from $6
vagant as in the south, are still        sourdough who goes hunting for            For all collectors, swapping is    to $10 a day.
higher than you might expect.            gem and mineral rocks. n the
   Extended visits are possible in       advanced stages of his pursuit
Moosonee as there are two                he goes in for gemstone cutting,
                                         polishing and making jewelry.
                                             The Bancroft area hit mining




'i1i
                                         headlines in the early 1960s fol-
                                         lowing rich finds of pitchblende
                                         for the production of uranium.
                                         Abounding in ores which make
                                         it a rockhound's paradise, the
                                         district lying within a 35-mile
                                         radius of the village is considered
                                         one of the best mineral-collect-
               1L                       ing localities in all Ontario,
                                        yielding some of the world's
                A PC I                  most prized varieties.
                                             The entire mineral kingdom
                                        contains some 2,000 species.
                                        Well over 200 of these are found
                                        in Ontario, and the Royal On-
                                        tario Museum in Toronto has
                                        over 70 specimens from the
                                        Bancroft region alone.
                      Br,an Hernngway
Not far from Kenogami on Hwy. 11,            Found here is such lapidary
you'll see this impressive water-       loot as blue sodalite Ontario's
shed marker.                            mineral emblem), emerald beryl,                 Youngsters are welcome at the Bancroft Gemboree.

JUNE 1972                                                                                                                                  PAGE SEVEN
 Rainbow country:
 our employees are
 a colorful group




  More than 18,000 in number, Inco's Sud-       Ron Pink is a loner - he's the one and        A welder at Copper Cliff South Mine, Don
 bury district employees come in all shapes     only Pink on the payroll.                     Blue shares his name with two other
 and sizes. Some are short, some are tall,         A planning foreman at Carson Mine,         Inconites, Carry Blue at Carson and Tom
 some are fat and some are thin - a very        Ron was born in Ottawa and at age 15          Blue at Coleman Mine.
 colorful group. Just how colorful became       moved to Washington, D.C., with his             Using an arc welder, Don is running a
 clear when we leafed through the Copper        parents following his father's retirement    bead weld on a damaged hoe ram swing
 Cliff payroll lists and turned up no less      from the RCMP.                               bracket.
 than nine colors among the names.                 Returning to Canada in 1957, Ron chose       He was born and grew up on a 100-
    Representing the 33 Whites on the roll,     Sudbury as a place to settle in order to     acre Tehkummah township farm on Mani-
 Clarabelle mill shift boss Ron White was       be close to relatives on his mother's side   toulin Island, and left there for Sudbury
 photographed in the crushing plant while      of the family, the Pernu's.                   to enter the working world at age 17.
 casting a critical eye over a spare crusher       He started with International Nickel at      Don came to Inco in 1956, started at
 eccentric.                                    Murray Mines, and transferred to Carson       the Copper Cliff Smelter, and was a crane-
   A Sudbury lad, and the son of Frood         in 1959 where he became a shift boss in       man prior to going underground at Carson
 mine pensioner Peter White, Ron was 17        1966. He was appointed mine safety engi-      in 1966. He switched from hoistman to
in 1950 when he joined Inco at the Copper      neer in 1970, and to his present position     welder in 1970, and moved to Copper
Cliff Mill. He was promoted to sectional       in 1971.                                      Cliff South Mine earlier this year.
foreman there in 1966 and to shift boss           Ron married Shirley MacKay from Prince        A recently purchased tent trailer is the
in 1969. He moved over to the Clarabelle       Edward Island in 1959. They have two          current weekend home for Don and his
Mill when it came on-stream in late 1971.      daughters and a son.                          wife Donna and their three youngsters.
   Ardent travellers who spent their last
three vacations in the Barbados, Jamaica
and Puerto Rico, Ron and his wife Terry
are parents of three sons and a daughter.




PAGE Escwr                                                                 INco TRIANGLE
  Working out of Creighton No. 5 Mine,           Fifty feet up in the air in the Orford build-    The largest color name group are the
  Roy Black operates the No. 7 shaft sand        ing at Copper Cliff, George Green is at the      Browns. They total 42 and can call for
  fill cement plant at the Creighton Mill.      controls of one of the building's three           reinforcements from two more with that
      "There have been times," he said with     75-ton travelling cranes that service the         additional "e".
 a grin, "when being Black has led to a few     electric furnaces, the acid shells, and the          Copper refinery section inspector Gerry
 amusing situations. I recall the time when     three OB converters. George is one of 13          Brown is a member of this executive club.
 George Blue, Fred Green, Alvin Brown and       Greens employed locally by Inco.                  Here he checks plating voltage in the
 I got in line at the time office window           He knows the Orford building very well,        plant's tankhouse.
 to pick up our cheques. By the time the        and so he should, he's worked there since            Born in Westmorland, jamaica, Gerry
 clerk got to me his eyebrows were up to        he left his home town of Eganville to work        moved to Canada and Sudbury in 1967.
 his hairline."                                 for International Nickel in 1942.                 "My brother Cliff was working at the
      Roy has three others with the same sur-      A craneman since 1944, and with a good         copper refinery and encouraged me to
 name to keep him company on the payroll        head for heights, George enjoys the some         join him," he explained. We were later
 list.                                          what lonely life aloft. "I can see every-        joined by brother Fred and became a cop-
     The Ottawa Valley village of Waltham,      thing that's going on," he said, "and han-        per refinery trio. They've since left for a
Quebec, is Roy's home town. He travelled        dling and manoeuvring those heavy pots           warmer climate," he added, "they live in
east to Sudbury in 1939 and started his         is a challenging occupation."                    Toronto."
 Inco career as a raise driller at Creighton       George married Beatrice Desjardines in           A young lady from Verner, Lise Savignac
No. 4 shaft. He worked underground until        North Bay in 1945, and they have a family        was Gerry's bride of 1970. Their daughter
his move to the No. 7 shaft collar house        of five ranging in age from 26 to 6.             Diane is 13 months old.
in 1967.                                                                                            Apologies to Ken Silver at North Mine,
     He and his wife Florence - whom he                                                          the 11 Grays and five Violetts, and Copper
married in 1944 while serving in the Cana                                                        Cliff general engineering department pen-
dian army in England - are parents of                                                            sioner Frank Orange, you weren't forgotten
four.                                                                                            - there was only room for six.




JuNt 1972                                                                                                                       PAGE NINE
                                                                             A million pounds of copper pours
                                                                             out daily from the refinery's new

                                                                             VERTICLE FURNACE
                                                                              Last year, International Nickel        cycle on a monorail loop. Each
                                                                              sold over 340 million pounds of        hoist load is raised and advanced
                                                                              copper cast into shapes such as        to the furnace charging position
                                                                              wire bars, cakes and billets suit-     where it is placed on a motor-
                                                                              able for the manufacture of vari-      ized car which moves ahead and
                                                                             ous copper and copper alloy             releases the charge into the fuN
                                                                              products - and all of it came          nace. The entire system operates
                                                                              out of the Copper Cliff Copper        sequentially once the operator
                                                                              Refinery. Now, with an eye to         starts it.
                                                                             future demand for copper, the                     Melting furnace
                                                                              refinery has just put on stream          The melting unit is an
                                                                             a novel system for horizontal          ASARCO-designed vertical fur-
                                                                             wire bar production.                   nace which consists of a cylindri-
                                                                                The new complex features a          cal shaft 29.5 feet high, with a
                                                                             highly efficient natural gas fur-      top diameter of 69 inches. it is
                                                                             nace with three to four times          lined with silicon carbide brick
                                                                             the melting rate of the electric       and equipped with 31 high-
                                                                             arc furnace it replaces. The in-       energy release natural gas burn-
                                                                             stallation includes a charging         ers around the lower circum-
                                                                             system, gas-fired vertical shaft       ference. Burners are positioned
                                                                             furnace, holding furnace, two          in four rows about two feet
                                                                             pouring ladles, casting wheel,         apart in the bottom 10-foot sec-
                                                                            and handling and inspection             tion of the shaft. Air and gas are
                                                                            system, all with a nominal cap-         preheated to 500°F. in separate
                                                                            acity of 100 tons per hour -           heat exchangers.
                                                                            over one million pounds per                The column of copper in the
                                                                            shift.                                 shaft moves downward as it
                                                                                Copper cathodes from the           melts in the burner zone making
                                                                            tankhouse are delivered to an          room for additional material.
                                                                            unloading station where they are       The furnace operates at high
                                                                            picked up by one of four nine-         heat efficiency due to the re-
                                                                            ton capacity hoists which oper-        covery of heat by the charge
                                                                            ate through a semi-automatic           from rising combustion gases.




ErnIe Rabeau, assistant manager with special responsibility for develop-   Molten copper pours from one of two ladies into the pockets of a mould.
ment of the vertical furnace and casting system, watches a two-ladle
pouring.



PAGE                                                    TEN                                       INco TIUANGLE
     Furnace control is maintained    molten copper simultaneously
  by one man from a central con-      cvery 36-48 seconds, and then
  trol room where burner rates on     pass over impinging water sprays
  each row of burners may be          which control mould tempera-
  adjusted to melting require-        ture. At about 180° from the
  ments. A reducing atmosphere        pouring position the moulds are
  of 0.5-0.7 percent hydrogen is      mechanically inverted, dumping
  maintained in combusted gases       the wire bars onto a slat con-
  to control the oxygen content       veyor submerged in a water-
  of the molten copper.               filled cooling pit. In prepara-
     At maximum firing, the total     tion for the next casting cycle
  gas consumption of the furnace      the inverted moulds pass over
  burners may reach as high as        cooling and washing sprays, then
  2,100 cubic feet per minute.        to a mould dressing station
     An important feature of the      where the pockets are coated
  unit is that there is never a       with a slurry of bone ash in
  large quantity of molten metal      water. They are then mechan-
  in the furnace at any time. The     ically righted again ready for
 possibility of a run-out which is    refilling.
 always of concern with metal             The holding furnace and cast-
 bath furnaces is therefore elim-     ing operation are controlled from
  inated. Quick reaction to oper-     a console located above the
 ator instructions was built in and   wheel and directly in front of the
 it can start melting about 35        pouring station.
 minutes after the burners are              Handling and inspection
 ignited and stop melting in two          The slat conveyor transfers the
 minutes.                              wire bars from the cooling pit
           Holding furance             to the handling system compris-
    Molten copper flows from the       ing transfer and inspection con-
 vertical shaft furnace through a      veyors. As the bars are delivered
 refractory-lined launder to an        from the cooling pit they are
 enclosed gas-fired holding fur-       mechanically spaced and turned
 nace of 20-ton capacity. This         bottom side up on an indexing
 is a cylindrical vessel which         conveyor. Each casting is auto-
 serves to equalize flow, tempera-     matically stamped with INCO's
 ture and composition. The fur-       ORC trademark, and production
 nace, mounted on trunnions, has      symbols. The ORC trademark
 an off-centre pouring spout and      was established in the early 1930s
 its rotation determines the rate     when the refinery was called
of flow to the ladles from which      Ontario Refinery Company and
 molten copper is poured into         was partially owned by INCO.
 moulds on the casting wheel.         The bars are conveyed indi-
A reducing atmosphere is also         vidually over an automatic weigh
 maintained in the furnace to         scale which activates a paint
prevent oxygen pick-up in the         spray to color code each bar
copper.                               according to its weight range,
    The Clark casting wheel is 40     and then move to two parallel
feet in diameter and contains         inspection stations where they
30 four - pocket solid copper         are visually inspected and
moulds. The wheel drive is un-        dressed to remove minor casting
usual because it is chain driven      imperfections. Good bars are
by means of a hydraulic motor         automatically stacked in bundles
and is programmed to position         according to customer require-
automatically at the pouring sta-     ments; advanced through an            From the charging side, the air and gas duct-work, and preheating
tion once an operator starts the      automatic strapping machine and       equipment, surrounds the furnace shaft and burners.
cycle.                                two dial scales to the unloading
    Two moulds are filled with        conveyor for shipment.




The furnace charge car has just received a lift of cathodes ready for       At one of the inspection stations, Harvey Bailey and Bill Flynn remove
dumping into furnace's top by chargeman Ron Kinoshameg.                     minor surface imperfections and check sizes of horizontal wire bars.

JUNE 1972                                                                                                                          PAGE ELEVEN
                                                                                            0QQQggg;

                                                                                            :ii00000
                                                                                         IITIQ 000
                                                                                               1
                                                                                                                   uu
Shift boss John O'Connor checks copper meltIng patterns InsIde the
furnace through a burner observatIon port.
                                                                       7k
                                                                      Furnaceman John Ferguson monitors Individual burner settings in the
                                                                      control room.




      Two-ladle casting of wire bars shows holding furnace in upper left, laundry system, intermediate ladles, and control cubicle.



PAGE                      TWELvE                                     INco                TRIANGLE
                                                                            Bourget, jim Mclean, Dave
                                                                            Fenske, Walter Morrison, Gaston
                                                                            Berthelot, vice captain jack
                                                                            Wallgren, and briefing officer
                                                                            Gerald joliat; Frood-Stobie Mine:
                                                                            captain joe Shlemkevich, David
                                                                            Bruce, Ed johnston, Carl Moore,
                                                                            Richard Lampman, vice captain
                                                                            Barry Deacon, and briefing offi-
                                                                            cer Nelson Allan; Levack Mine:
                                                                            captain Pat Arthurs, Robert Ner-
                                                                            pin, Robert Cartwright, Michael
                                                                            Gillis, jim Spicer, vice captain
                                                                            Arne Maki, and briefing officer
                                                                            Mel Guse; Garson Mine: captain
                                                                            Gerry Clyke, Placide Dubois,
                                                                            john Lacey, Sidney Penney, vice
                                                                            captain john Laking, and brief-
                                                                            ing officer john Dagenais.
                                                                                  Faced tough proMem
                                                                               Scene of both the Inco com-      Mel Guse briefs Levack captain
                                                                            petition and local provincial       Pat Arthurs.
                                                                            finals was Copper Cliff Arena,
                                                                            which for the Inco problem be-
        Working fast, Creighton Mine team brings out a casualty.            came the 1800, 2000 and 2200
                                                                            levels of Blue Bell Mine. Burlap
                                                                           was used to simulate the walls
                                                                            of the drifts, crosscuts and ven-
            Mine rescue in action                                          tilations raises of the problem
                                                                           area.
                                                                               The cagetender reported
 Fire underground is one of the       it this year. His team members
                                                                            smoke in the mine's No. 1 shaft
emergencies that can give            were Pat Boyle, Al Simpson, Leo
 miners nightmares. Fortunately                                            and smoke was coming out of
                                     Seguin, Dale Muirhead, vice-
 it's an extremely rare occurrance                                         the return air raise, the teams
                                     captain Brian Carson, and brief-
 in metal mines, but if it does                                            were told. Stench gas, the rotten
                                      ing officer Gary Maclean.
                                                                           egg smell used as an under-
happen it's good to know that            They narrowly defeated last
each Inco mine has a well-                                                 ground fire warning in all Inco
                                     year's top Inco team and all-         mines, was injected into the
trained and equipped mine            Ontario mine rescue champions
rescue team ready to spring into                                           compressed air line and into the
                                     from Frood-Stobie, captained by       fresh air raise. All the produc-
action quickly.                      joe Shlemkevich.                      tion crews were accounted for
    A simulated fire was the prob-       As with the annual first aid      at their appropriate refuge sta-
lem which confronted teams           contests, the mine rescue tests       tions, but two mine surveyors
from five Inco mines recently        always spark keen rivarly among      were unaccounted for, and these
when they spent a day in com-        the mines, and each team dis-         the teams were ordered to find.
petition for the john McCreedy       plays a fine esprit-de-corps and          Cause of the fire was a ground
trophy, presented to the top         discipline.                           in a power cable which resulted      Joe Shlemkevlch shows strain after
Inco mine rescue team.                   Members of the other Inco                                              it's all over.
                                                                          in a breakdown in two service
    A team from Creighton Mine       mine rescue teams were Copper         raises. Both these raises were
captained by Phil Fournier won       CUff North Mine: captain Aurel       cribbed and dry and the cribbing      john Hallows and john Guthrie;
                                                                          was on fire. Smoke and intense        Hank Derks, Inco safety assistant
                                                                          heat prevented the teams from         (mines) and jock Thom, Falcon-
                                                                          getting to the top of the raises      bridge safety supervisor, also
                                                                          until the bottom was barricaded,      acted as field judges Inco super-
                                                                          thus cutting off the oxygen sup-      visory mine rescue personnel
                                                                          ply to the fire. Then by open-        gave a hand in briefing the
                                                                          ing water lines at the top of the     teams and conducting oral tests.
                                                                          raise, water could run down and
                                                                          quickly extinguish the fires.
                                                                              Wearing their Drager breath-
                                                                          ing apparatus, the teams were in
                                                                                                                     Apollo nauts-


                                                                          darkness all the time during the             Continued from Page 5
                                                                          competition. Their only light             If any exploration is under-
                                                                          was from their hat lamps. One          taken it will probably be for
                                                                          of the two surveyors was found        academic rather than economic
                                                                          unconscious and was given an           reasons. Few exotic minerals
                                                                          extra Drager, and lifted out on       have been found up there and
                                                                         a stretcher. His dazed partner         "all indications are that the
                                                                         was also given a Drager and was         rocks on the moon are similar to
                                                                         escorted to the cage and safety.       rocks on earth," Don said.
                                                                              Chief judge for the all-day       'There's no indication of ore
The winners and their trophy: Alan Simpson, manager of mines Mel         event was Harry Moorhouse of           bodies as we know them on
Young who made the presentation, Gary Maclean and Phil Fournier          the Ministry of Natural Re-            earth, although some of the rock
holding the McCreedy trophy, Pat Boyle, Hank Derks, and Crelghton        sources, who also set the prob-        samples have been higher in
No. 9 underground superintendent John Smith; front row: Creighton area                                          titanium than similar rocks on
safety supervisor Norm Lessard, Leo Seguin, Brian Carson and Dale        lem. Assisting him from the
Mulrhead.                                                                government department were             earth," he added.

JUNE 1972                                                                                                                       PAO1 ThIRTEEN
                                                                                       -




                                                                                                                        Faces
                                                                                       I-
                                                                                                  '-'
  Twelve hundred choralists and 150 of the Young Sudbury 72 concert. of Education, 66 local schools
  young musicians are in thIs photo Sponsored by the Sudbury Board participated.




                                                                                                                          &
                                                                                                                        Places

 Inco's 1,250-foot superstack Is now almost 90 per cent complete and
 wIll be on-stream the end of August. The stack's largest lIft ever was
 recently hoisted to the bottom of the liner. It's this 110-ton transItion
 piece whIch bridges the breeching and liner. Work remaining on the
 stack includes Installation of electronics in the electrostatIc precipltators,
 and the completion of the breechlng whIch attaches to the stack flues.           SIxty-four enthusIastIc golfers en-
                                                                                  tered mines engineering's annual
                                                                                  golf tournament, held thIs year at
                                                                                  Lively Golf Club. Gil Quesnel,
                                                                                  Frood engineering, tees off on the
                                                                                  course's fourth hole. HIs partners
                                                                                  are Greg Kuzyk, Copper Cliff North
                                                                                  Mine, Len Faulkner, Creighton No.
                                                                                  9 Mine, and Ed Skene, Frood Mine.




Sudbury's first "tourists of the week" were taken on a tour of Clarabelle
Mill, Clarabelle Open Pit, the superstack and the taIlings farm, At the
Open pit observation point, Inco public relations officer Brian HemIngway                                                                         Les Lew'
uses the pit's giant map to describe the region to celebritIes Mr. and Mrs.       Port Colborne held its annual Memorial Day Parade May 28. Sponsored
Arthur Brogan of Nova Scotia. Looking on are Chamber of Commerce                  by the Royal Canadian Legion and the city, a large number of bands
vice president Bob Bryson and controller Murray Davidson.                         participated in the parade and the services held at the cenotaph.

PAGE                        FOURTEEN                                               INCO                     TRIANGLE
      Popular Stew Augustine retires
 Described by his Port Colborne           joined Inco at the Port Colborne
 friends as a real nice guy",             Refinery in 1935.
 Stewart Augustine recently re-               His first job at Inco was on
 tired after 37 years' service at         the box floor in the electronickel
 the Port Colborne Nickel Re-             refinery and Stew remarked that
                                          it would probably take 25 years'
 finery. The regard in which he
 was held was amply indicated            seniority to hold down that
                                         same job today. Stew joined the
                                                                                                       1.T ....
 by the overflow crowd that
                                         accounting department as plant
 taxed the Port Colborne Clubs
                                         metals clerk in 1936. He became
 facilities to the limit at the fare-
                                         assistant works auditor in 1955,
 well dinner in his honor.               assistant division comptroller in
    Vern Barker, plant manager,          1960 and division comptroller in
 acted as chairman for the eve-          1962. During re-organization of
 ning and Gordon Machum,                 the Ontario Division in 1971, his
 assistant general manager (pro-         title became comptroller, Port
                                         Colborne Nickel Refinery.
 cessing) for the Ontario Division
 was among the several speakers              Stew and Eleanor Lambert,
                                         daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. C.
 who lauded Stew's service to
                                         Lambert of Port Colborne, were
 the company. Gordon presented
                                         married in 1936. They have one
 Stew with a hi-fi set on behalf         son, Jan, presently on staff at the                                                                   Mary Sitko
 of everyone at the party.               Copper Cliff Nickel Refinery.          Children should wear lifejackets at all times, even when ar i adult is
                                        Two grandchildren are their             present. Perhaps thIs group will get the message during Sal e Bcatlng
    Stew was born in the village                                                Week, July 1-7.
 of Humberstone, now incorpor-           pride and joy.
 ated into the city of Port Col-             It has been Stew's boast that
 borne, in 1912. After finishing
 high school in 1932, he joined
                                         in all his 37 years at the plant he
                                        has never missed reporting for
                                                                                  Be water-wise, wear life jackets
 the Humberstone branch of the          work on New Year's Day to start          Watercraft deaths or accidents      water conditions warrant. A life-
 Imperial Bank of Canada as             the ball rolling on the yearly re-       each year result almost entirely    jacket lying in the bottom of a
 ledgerkeeper and relieving teller.     ports - some mornings in spite           from various kinds of human         boat is little help to a non-
 He remained with them through          of his New Year's Eve celebrat-          failure - from conscious refusal    swimmer thrown into the water.
 the depression years until he          ing.                                     to obey laws to pathetic ignor-     Children should not only wear
                                                                                 ance of boat operating pro-         lifejackets at all times when in
                                                                                 cedures.                            boats or around water but
                                                                                     One of the highest priorities   should also be taught how to
                                                                                 for boating safety is the wearing   float in them.
                                                                                of a life-jacket. Of the more            Power boat owners should pay
                                                                                 than 200 drownings from boat-       attention to safe fueling prac-
                                                                                 ing accidents each year in Can-     tices. Switches should be off
                                                                                ada, more than 80 per cent of        and not flipped on during fuel-
                                                                                the victims were not wearing         ing, and smoking, of course,
                                                                                 lifejackets.                        should be forbidden. All pas-
                                                                                     While the law requires that     sengers should be off the boat.
                                                                                there must be a lifejacket or           Certain Canadian waters are
                                                                                cushion of the type approved by      becoming crowded with boats,
                                                                                the Ministry of Transport for        and powerboats have a greater
                                                                                every person in a boat, people       responsibility to take care when
                                                                                continue to ignore it. Reasons       they approach canoes, row
                                                                                vary. Some just don't know the       boats, sailboats and water skiers.
                                                                                law. Minor inconvenience or          Running lights are required for
                                                                                expense may be the poor ex-          operation after dark.
                                                                                cuse for boat owners or pas-           It is illegal to:
                                                                                sengers failing to buy or rent
                                                                                lifejackets.                           • operate over-powered craft;
                                                                                    There is also need for im-         • tow water skiers without a
                                                                                provement in operating, loading,          second person in the boat
                                                                               fueling and safety equipment.              to observe and relay the
                                                                                    Of the more than two million          skier's signals to the oper-
                                                                               pleasure craft owners in Canada,           ator;
                                                                               too many are unsure of the              • operate an in board boat
                                                                               handling qualities of their boat.         without a Class B1 (carbon
                                                                               Some, for example, don't under-           dioxide dry cFemical) fire
                                                                               stand the planing characteristics         extinguisher;
                                                                               of boats. Others who switch
                                                                                                                       • buzz other boats and swim-
                                                                               from outboards to inboards do
                                                                                                                         ers.
                                                                               not allow for rate-of-turn differ-
                                                                               ences.                                   Boating can provide hours of
                                                                                    Operators who crry a suffici-    enjoyment but thought and
                                                                               ent number of lifejackets in their    common sense comes before fun
                                                           Gus Macontto
Stew Augustine thanks his friends. Looking on are Bob Browne, Stew's           boats do not always insist that       if one wants to remove the
wife Eleanor, and Margaret Barker.                                             occupants wear them when              possibility of an accident.

JUNE 1972                                                                                                                              PME FiFTEEN
  On the banquet circuit... Copper Cliff curling




                                                                            Binoculars were awarded to the winners of the SIngle Rink Event: Mike
                                                                            Krossey, Bill Beavers, skip Wayne Leavoy, and Aldo Long.

 Largest curling club in the Nickel Belt, the 400-member Copper Cliff
 Curling Club closed out its 56th season recently With an awards night.
 Winners of the J. R. Gordon event were Les Parr, Bob Patterson, skip
 Gord McQuarrle and Aldo Long. They won golf carts as prIzes.
                                                                            Colts event win-
                                                                            ners were skip
                                                                            Cec Brown, Verdy
                                                                           Villeneuve, and
                                                                           Mike Sokolowicz
                                                                           and John Gibson,
                                                                           both of whom
                                                                           were absent for
                                                                           the photo. They
                                                                           were presented
                                                                           with electric carv-
                                                                           ing knives.




                                                                           The Spence Beav-
 Skip Ralph Shore's squad won the Inter-Rink Event and took home golf      er Memorial Tro-
 bags as prizes: Stan Maggs, Ed Riddoch, Ralph, and Ray Caverson.          phy goes to the
                                                                           club champs:
                                                                           John Henry, Bob
                                                                           Coulter, skip Ken
                                                                           Silver, and (ab-
                                                                           sent) Gary Tuomi.




Hunting jackets went to the victors in the Toronto-Dominion Event:
Yacker Flynn, skip Gord McQuarrie, Dick Hobden, and Roy Sipprell.




The winners of the W. T. Waterbury Event for shift curlers missed the
bash as they were, appropriately, working 4-12 shift. They were skip
Ron Gauthier, Baptiste Comin, Steve Oreskovich, and Jerry Dubrueil.       A cake designed as a curling stone was the centrepiece at the 25th
                                                                          anniversary of the Ladies' Section of the Copper Cliff club. On hand
                                                                          were Elsie Madill, drawmaster when the club was founded in 1947, Betty
                                                                          Hazleden, the clubs first president, Ad Storey, incoming president, Doreen
                                                                          Buchanan, outgoing president, Evelyn Pilatske, a charter niember, and
                                                                          Irene Beres, a new member.

PAGE SIXTEEN                                                                                                                       1NC0 TRIANGLE
                  • and Inco hockey
                   4
                                    j;




 Tops In the four-team mines shift league Is Frood Mine, back row: Ed Murdock, Mike
 Jordan, Bob Nesbitt; centre: manager Edred Dickle, Al Tryon Gordon Lamore, Ernie
 Rogerson, coach Ken Lavalley; front: Conrad Pilon, Len Lamore holding the Frocxl-
 Stobie Athletic Association hockey trophy, Carl Lahti, and Fred Brebant.
                                                                                              Grouped around Munroe Smith, longtime chairman of
                                                                                              the Creighton Athletic Association, are David Kitey,
                                                                                              top goalie in the Creighton minor hockey league and
                                                                                              Jerrol White, the leagues top defenceman. Kneeling
                                                                                              in front are Danny Hreljac, captain of the "Chicago
                                                                                              team, playoff champs, and also the league's top scorer,
                                                                                              and Wayne Cuti, assistant captain of the Chicago team.
                                                                                              Seventy4wo Creighton youngsters participated in the
                                                                                              leagues five teams and at the banquet presented
                                                                                              Munroe with a fishIng rod and reel in appreciation for
                                                                                              his hard work on their behalf.




Smallest team in the Copper Cliff league, but all heart, the Reverb Aces
won the Cliff championship in a twogame total point series with Town.
Team members are, standing: coach Ivan Thurlow, Oliver Mukkala, Steve      Over 200 youngsters participated in the Copper Cliff Athletic Association's
Watktnson, Dale Brown, Peter Lawtis; kneeling: Mike Laroque, Ray Butler,
and ivan Pigeon. Absent for the photo were folly Gervais and Jack Carré.   minor hockey program. Representing their championship teams are
                                                                           captains Ross Grooms of the atom dIvisions 'New York, Fred Taylor
                                                                           who led the Bantam's Toronto team, Alan Butler of the pee wee's
                                                                           'Toronto", and Scott Kudia's "Montreal" squirts.




                                                NEXT MONTH: The bowling banquets




JUNE                         1972                     PAcE                         SEVENTEEN
                                                                          Finlind and she crne to Cinadi         THOMAS CORN4THWAITE
                                                                          a ycar later than Osmo. They        Since retiring is a shift hos

RETIREMENTS                                                               met and were married in Siid-
                                                                          bury in 1934. Two of their three
                                                                          daughters are married to Inco
                                                                          men. Barbara is Mrs. Allan La-
                                                                                                              from the Copper Cliff Refinery,
                                                                                                              Tom has been busy upervking
                                                                                                              the operation of Pliza '69 here
       D. LLOYD YOUNG                       ANDREAU JUNEAU
 When "Lloyd was 16 he left           "Sailing the Great Lkcs for 14      chance and her husband a
 ThesaIon and came to Sudbury         years as wlieekmdn on one of        leader at Levack. Wendy is Mrs.
 to work at Frood Mine. Being         the CPR pdsenger liners be-         Don Watling dnd her husband
 young and cirefree, he quit in       tween Port McNicol and Fort         i' at Creighton. Seven grand-
 1929 and was later hired on by                                           children complete the family.

                                                 i                              ROLAND MALLETEE
                                                                          When "Oscar" \allette met his
                                                                          bride-to-be, Yvette Cloutier, on
                                       ,,                -                the skating rinks in Gateneaux,     in Sudbury and seems to enjoy

 '            ;!                                                          Quebec, he said their meeting       every minute of it.
                                                                          was just "luck". They were mar-        Manchester, England, was his
                                                                                                              birthplace and he came to Can-
        's
                                                                                                              ada as a young lad. In 1928 he
                                     William was quite an experi-                                             started at the Copper Cliff
Fraser-Brace Construction where      ence," recalled Andy Juneau.                                             Smelter but broke his service to
he helped construct the copper       However, contrary to the old                                             work for CIL for three years. He
refinery. In 1935 he was rehired     adage, a girl in every port, he                                          returned to the smelter and later
by Inco and started at the cop-      remained true to only one,                                               transferred to the refinery. Prior
per refinery as a pipefitter and     Clorinde Boyer of Lafontaine,                                            to joining Inco in 1928, he was
was a maintenance foreman            Ontario whom he married in                                               one of the first employees at
there at retirement.                 1935.                                                                    the Eaton Groceteria, until they
                                                                         ned there in 1931 and later came
   Lloyd and his wife, the former       They have four children and                                           went out of business.
                                                                         to Sudbury where he started with
Mary Tremblay, have six children     one grandchild.                                                             Tom married Winnifred Finley
                                                                         Fraser-Brace Construction in the
and eight grandchildren. Two of         Andy was born in 1910 at Vic-                                         at Sudbury in 1933. Their family
                                                                         mechanical department, con-
their sons work for the company.     toria Harbour, near Midland, and                                         consists of six children and 12
                                                                         structing Inco's concentrator and
Wayne, who lives in Thompson,        at age 14 started working in the                                         grandchildren. Their daughter
                                                                         converter buildings. Later he
is in the mechanical department      local saw mill. A year later he                                          Rona is married to Don Sabou-
                                                                         joined Inco and during all of his
there, and David is an appren-       left to begin his sailing career.                                        rin, who is a tram operator at
                                                                         35 years with the company, he
tice mechanic at Copper Cliff.       In 1935 he moved to Port Col-                                            Creighton Mine.
                                                                         was a maintenance mechanic
Daughter, Marilyn, is married to     borne and found employment          and maintenance foreman at the              GLEN GONYOU
Rene Nault who is an under-          with Fraser-Brace Construction      Copper Cliff Smelter.                Glen, who was a powderman at
ground supervisor at Copper          during the addition of Nos. 8, 9       They have four sons and four      Creighton No. 3 shaft, is known
Cliff North Mine.                    and 10 units to the electronickel   grandsons. Their son, Guy, is a      as "Rocker" to many of his
           ED WINN                   refinery department.                utilities foreman at the Iron Ore    former work mates. He was
After 36 years' service in the          One year later he joined Inco    Recovery Plant, and Marcel is a      born in Deseronto where he
Port Colborne Nickel Refinery,       in the EN.R. department and re-     craneman in the converter build-
Ed Winn has put away his last        mained there for 36 years as        ing at the Copper Cliff Smelter.
test tube and entered the final      basement labor, boxman and
assay in the nickel shipment         anode scrap washer. The last                JOHN DUPONT
                                     10 of the 20 years he spent with    To Jack Dupont retirement
                                     the scrap wash gang were as         means he will have more time
                                     head man.                           to pursue his hobby of collect-




                                                                          r
                                                                         ing coins and attending conven-
                                              OSMO TALO
                                     After arriving in Canada from
                     ci              Finland in 1928, Osmo worked
                                     for a short time in the bush
                                                                                                              worked in a canning factory
                                                                                                              prior to enlisting in the Army
                        -...-.--     camps and later became a milk-                                           Service Corps. After the War he
                                     man. He recalls many cold days                                           heard Inco was hiring and he
 record book. Now he says, "I'll     when he travelled to Creighton                                           headed for Sudbury.
 have lots of time to pursue my                                                                                 Glen was married in 1969 to
 favorite hobbies" They include                                                                               Betty Garner in Lively. He has
 camping, which his family has                                                                                two daughters and three grand-
 done coast-to-coast. Hunting                                             tions as a member of the Nickel
                                                                                                              children.
 woodcock and fishing will fill                                           Belt Coin Club. Coin collecting
                                                                                                                The Gonyous enjoy travelling
 in any spare time.                                                       hasn't been just a passing inter-
                                                                                                              and watching television.
    Ed was born in and received                                           est for him, but a pastime he
 his early education right here in                                       engaged in before joining Inco             ARTHUR BURDEN
 Port Colborne. Following three                                          at Creighton Mine in 1941. Jack      Before becoming an Inco man,
years at Queen's University, he                                          did various jobs during his years    Art worked in a number of
joined Inco in 1936 in the gen-       in his horse-drawn wagon to        at Creighton and was an ore          mines: lead and zinc, gold, and
eral lab and except for a brief      deliver milk. When the oppor-       pass tender at retirement.
period in the research lab, spent    tunity came in 1930 he joined           In 1933 he married a girl from
all his time there as an analyst.    Inco at Creighton Mine and          his hometown of Pembroke, and
   Freda Christiansen, RN., from     few months later transferred to     her name was Eileen Lavigne.
Pembroke came to Port Colborne       Frood where he worked the           Along with their three sons they
to nurse a mutual friend's wife      balance of his 41 years' service.   have 15 grandchildren and one
and that is how they first met.      At retirement Osmo was a skip       great-grandchild. Their son, Gary,
They were married in 1937 and        tender.                             is in the leaching section of the
have three children.                    Aune Kivi was also born in       Iron Ore Recovery Plant.

PAGE                        EIGHTEEN                                     INCO                     TRIANGLE
  he also did some development        Blake and they have one son          opened in 1950. At retirement         came to work for Inco in the
 work on claims.                      and three grandchildren.             he was a general foreman.             general lab. He transferred to
    He started with the company                                                                                  the PM. Lab in 1945 as an
                                        Looking for steady employ-            Espanola-born, Gabrielle Arse-
 in 1930 when the Copper Re-                                                                                     analyst and remained there until
                                     ment during the Depression,           nault, became Ed's bride in 1930
 finery first came into operation                                                                                retirement.
                                     George moved east to Sudbury          at Sudbury. With 13 sons and
 and one of his jobs at that time                                                                                  K athleen MacDonald be-
                                     and construction work with            daughters, and 40 grandchildren,
 was making ladles. At the end of                                          there are few lonely moments          came his wife in 1936 and they
                                     Nordale at Frood and Levack
 his 41 years' service he was a                                            for Ed and his wife. Their son,       have two sons and three grand-
                                     Mines. When this work was
 general plant foreman.                                                    Roger, is a diamond drill boss        children.
                                     completed in 1940, George fin-
    His wife, the former Leala Le-   ally moved to Port Colborne           at Copper Cliff South Mine and            ROBERT SEAWRGHT
 brick, was born in Sudbury and      during construction of No. 12         daughter, Lillian, is married to      Toronto-born, Bob Seawright
 they were married in 1933. They     Unit in the electrolytic refinery.    Rino Delucca who is a first class     came to Creighton in 1934 when
 have three children and an even     Later, George was offered two         carpenter at Copper Cliff.
 dozen grandchildren.                months' carpentry work by Inco           During the summer months
    Art and his wife are enjoying    and stretched it into the 30          their camp on the French River
 the summer visiting with their      years' service he had on retire-      is the meeting ground for all of
 daughters at their cottages.        me nt.                                the family.
          FRED SLOAN                   After the loss of his wife in
                                     1955, George married her long-                 ARTHUR KUULA
 When Fred Sloan came to Sud-
 bury to work in the nickel mines    time school chum, Kay Alex-           Thunder storms used to be
 it wasn't his first experience      ander, in 1956, They have one         worrysome because of the pos-
                                     son, Kenneth, age 14.                 sibility of electrical power fail-   he joined Inco as a yard laborer.
                                                                                                                He became a first class mechanic
                                             JOHN CHILLAK                                                       and was a hoistman and hoist
                                     "I was tempted to quit several                                             inspector the majority of the
                                     times and go into greener fields                                           time.
                                     like some of my chums, but                                                    He and the former Mrs. June
                                                    somehow resist-                                             Willett were married in 1964 in
                                                    ed the tempta-                                              Sudbury. Bob has one daughter
                                              ' tion, which                                                     and a son, Bob Jr., who is em-
                                                    turned out to be                                            ployed in the engineering de-
 mining. He remembers seeing
                                                    the best thing in     ures, but powerhouse operator         partment at Coleman Mine.
 large nuggets of gold in the Hol-
                                                    the long run."        Art Kuula can sit back now and        Besides being a golfer who can
 linger Mine at Rouyn, some of
                                                    This was the way      enjoy them. During their years        boast of getting a hole-in-one
 which weighed as much as a half
                                                    John Chillak          at Nairn Falls, Art and his wife,     twice, he is also a keen bowler
 pound.
                                                    summed up his         the former Beryle Potts, became       and curler. Collecting records
    It was in 1928 that he met and                  36 years with the     very fond of the picturesque area     is another pastime of Bob's and
married the "schoolmarm" of                         company.              in which they have made their         he now has close to 4,500 re-
Vinton, Quebec's one room                                                 home. Mrs. Kuula takes care of        cords in his collection, including
schoolhouse. "I had as many as          He started on the line gang in
                                     '35 and transferred to the Frood     the Inco boarding house there.        many of the original Caruso
46 students ranging from grades                                           They have two children.
                                     Open Pit until it ceased operat-                                           records.
one to eight. Things got a little
                                     ing, then moved on to the Clara-        Art began his career with Inco
hectic at times and my whole                                                                                           MORLEY CHAPELLE
                                     belle Open Pit in 1961. He was       in 1941 at High Falls and later
day was divided into 10-minute                                                                                  Before coming to Inco in 1934,
                                     a maintenance electrician and        transferred to Copper Cliff, After
periods", recalls Mrs. Sloan. Six                                                                               Morley had a varied career. He
                                     on retirement was a maintenance      the War he returned to High
children and 24 grandchildren                                                                                   was a rancher out west, a cook
                                     foreman.                             Falls, later moving to Nairn Falls.
are not a problem to her after                                                                                  for the CPR and he worked on
                                                                             He will be combining fishing
that experience.                        Both he and his wife, the                                               road and bridge construction.
                                                                          and watching television at his
    Fred retired as a powderman      former Mary Bodnar, were born        camp on Lake Agnew.
from Frood Mine where he has         and raised in Saskatchewan
worked since 1929. Their son         where they were married in                 ELGIN PEThNGLL
Sherman, known as "Chucker",         1937.                                "I enjoyed working for the
is a shift boss at Garson.              The Chillaks spend the winter     Company and was always well
    Fred is filling his spare time   months in California with one        treated during my 37 years'
with carpentry work and making       of their three children and their    service," remarked Elgin Pet-
small tables and chairs for his      three grandchildren.
grandchildren.
                                                                                                                 Prior to settling down, he de-
        GEORGE DODDS                      EDMOND LEBRETON
                                                                                                                 cided to go to England along
Yorkshire, England, was the          Ed Lebreton has worked his way                                              with three cars of cattle from
birthplace of George Dodds. In       up the ranks in the mechanical                                             out west and, when coming




  n_
1926, he left for Canada and         department during his 38 years                                             through Sudbury, jumped off

                                                                          4'                                    the train to visit relatives.
                                                                                                                   He started in the mechanical
                                                                                                                department at the smelter,
                                                                          tingill. Born near Belleville in
                                                                          1908, he moved the next year          worked in the Orford building
    .c.                                                    -              with his family to Port Colborne      as a craneman for 20 years, and
                                      -    .4.
                                                 if        ---   r        where his father worked for a         was a shift boss in the converter
                                                                                                                building upon retirement. He

AL)                   \1'...•.
settled in Saskatchewan doing service with the company. He
                                                                          cement company.
                                                                             Elgin worked for three years
                                                                          at the cement plant and during
                                                                                                                was an Inco employee for 37
                                                                                                                years.
                                                                                                                   Morley was married to Millie
                                                                          this time studied to become a
farm and then construction started out as a first class fitter            dental technician. He finally         Richer in 1935 in Sudburyfl They
work, in Copper Cliff then transferred                                    opened his own business, but          have three children and two
  In 1934, he married Marjorie to Creighton when the mill                 finally closed shop in 1935 and       grandchildren.

JUNE 1972                                                                                                                       PAGE NINETEEN
 THE GREEN !FBUMB
 Home landscaping notes by

 DON YOUNG
  Well-planned and properly maintained shrub groupings, used as
  foundation plantings or as border accents, lend an air of permanence
  and quality to any home setting. These areas require a minimum of
  maintenance once the initial construction is properly completed and
 are therefore a desirable feature, from several points of view, to
  the average home gardener.
         In our northern climate with its severe winters, we have to be
 very careful not to encourage prolonged rapid growth of trees or
 shrubs into the late summer. This later growth is the result of grow-
  ing conditions which are too ideal for the plant's own good. We
  must keep this in mind when maintaining areas around trees or
 shrubs.
        There are two main causes of rapid plant growth: high fertility
                                                                                                      Regular cultivating keeps weeds under control
 and too much water. Once the shrubs have been planted properly,                                      in shrub beds.
 it is unwise to give them any more than a once-a-year feeding of
 5-20-20 fertilizer @ 20 lbs.f1,000 square feet applied in early spring,
 and lightly cultivated into the surface. I consider it a good idea to      trees and shrubs will thrive very well. We must, of course, make
 mulch a shrub bed with well-rotted cow manure every two years,            allowances for unusual weather conditions or circumstances such as
 in ear'y spring or late falL This maintains a good organic balance in     overhanging eaves which will prevent natural rainfall from reaching
 the soil as well as providing essential nutrients.                         the ground.
        It is very important when cultivating or hoeing around trees or          As a general summary, I'll remind you that shrubs are not the
shrubs to remember that the majority of the feeding roots of these         same as annual flowers and if you treat them as such, you will not
plants are located in the top six inches of soil. Plants will not thrive   have success with them. Many a successful flower grower in this
if their roots are being disturbed constantly so be careful not to         area has concluded that his green thumb doesn't seem to apply to
damage them during cultivating.                                            trees and shrubs, simply because he kills them with the kindness
       Cultivating should be done only as a means of chopping such         which is necessary to maintain flowers.
additives as manure into the surface or as occasional maintenance                I hope that everyone is enjoying lush green lawns as a result of
necessary to keep weeds in control. It never should disturb the            having tried the procedures outlined in the last article. It seems that
soil to a greater depth than two inches around established shrubs.         many people are hesitant to accept the fact that they can't obtain
       Once trees and shrubs are established, they become reasonably       good results with their gardens simply by thinking about them. Try
independent in satisfying their water requirements. Given a good           tackling the problem scientifically and with a bit of honest effort,
depth of soil and a good watering no more often than once a week,          you'll be surprised with the good results.




                                        Foundation plantings add a lot of beauty and value to your home.

PAGR TWRNTY                                                                                                                       INCO TRMNGLE

                                                                                                                                  Pinf.d h