# 1st grade skills by theonething

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```									     What You Can Do at Home with Your Kindergartner

If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed
in math this year. Check each box when your child has
mastered a skill.

□ Count, read, and write numbers to 30.

□ Count things, giving each object its own unique number.

□ Count backwards from 30.

□ Show you (using objects) addition and subtraction stories that
you tell, using numbers up to 10. Write the number sentence
that goes with the story.

□ Tell you if group of objects (like pennies) is greater or less than
another group.

□ Arrange objects (like beans or pennies) into groups of 10’s and
1’s, to represent numbers in the 10’s, 20’s, 30’s.

□ Count, read, and write to 100. Count backwards from 100

If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed
in math this year. Check each box when your child has
mastered a skill.

□ Count, read, and write number to 100. (Sometimes it’s good to
start at other number besides 1). Count backward from 100.

□ Add and subtract to/from 20 WITHOUT USING FINGERS. (if
s/he uses finders, s/he needs more practice).

□ Use a subtraction problem to check and addition problem
(Example: 7 +8 = 15. Check with 15 – 8 + 7). And vice versa
(Example: 9 - 3 = 6. Check with 6 + 3 = 9).

□ Tell you the value of each part of a number, up to 100
(Example : 43 has 4 tens and 3 ones, or 43 is the same as
40 + 3).

□ Put number cards (worth 0 to 100) in order. (Example, make 4
cards with number on them. Order them from least to greatest
or from greatest to least).

□ Draw a picture and write a number sentence that goes with a
story. (Example: You say, “Juanita had 18 peanuts. She ate 6.
How many does show have now?” They draw a diagram of
what happened and write 18 – 6 = 12).

□ Count a handful of coins (offer lots of practice with this!)

□ Tell you what is 1 more and 1 less than a number (up to 100).
What is 10 more/less).

□ Read a clock (the kind with hands) to the half hour.

If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math
this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill.

□ Count, read, and write numbers to 1,000. (Example, count from 487 to 520.
Read 236. Write the number that goes with “three hundred twenty-two”).
Count backwards from 1,000 (a little at a time).

□ Add and subtract to/from 20 WITHOUT USING FINGERS. (This is a first

□ Use a subtraction problem to check addition. (Example: 123 + 239 = 362.
Check with 362 – 239 = 123). And vice versa (Example: 9 - 3 = 6. Check
with 6 + 3 = 9).

□ Tell you the value of each part of a number, up to 1,000 (Example: 643 has 6
hundreds, 4 tens, and 3 ones, or 643 is the same as 600 + 40 + 3).

□ Put number cards (worth 0 to 1,000) in order. (Example, make 4 cards with
number on them. Order them from least to greatest or from greatest to least).

□ Count coins and bill. Add and subtract amounts of money worth more than \$1.

□ Know multiplication tables by heart for 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s. Explain what a
multiplication sentence means in terms of equal groups or repeated addition
(Example: 5 x 3 means 5 groups of 3, or 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 15).

□ Explain what a division sentence means in terms of:
 Subtracting repeatedly: 12 ÷ 3 is the same as subtracting 3 from 12
repeatedly, until there is nothing left.
 Sharing equally: 12 ÷ 3 means 12 things shared equally among 3
groups. How many in each group?
 Making groups of a fixed size: 12 things divided so that each group
has 3 things. How many groups can you make?
 Divide numbers that will produce remainders: 13 ÷ 3 = 4 with a
remainder of 1.

□ Make, read, and explain fraction, including halves, quarter, eighths, and thirds.

□ Read a clock (the kind with hands) to the quarter hour.

If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math
this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill.

□ Know all their multiplication tables by heart, 10 x 10. (If they take time to
figure them out, they do not know them yet. Making and using flash cards is
helpful). Use multiplication and division to solve story problems.

□ Use division to check multiplication and multiplication to check division
(Example: Find 36 x 3 [answer 108] and use division to check: 108 3 = 36).

□ Multiply/Divide large number by 1-digit numbers (Example: 4325 x 5 and 636
÷ 3).

□ Count, Read, and write numbers to 10,000 (Example: In 3246 the 2 is worth
200) Break a large number into its parts (Example: 3246 + 200 + 40 + 6).

□ Put large numbers in order from least to greatest and greatest to least.
(Example: put these in order from least to greatest: 7238; 8327; 2793, and
345).

□ Explain the value of each part of a number up to 10,000 (Example: In 3,246 the
2 is worth 200). Break a large number into its parts (Example: 3246 = 3000 +
200 + 40 + 6).

□ Add and subtract to/from 10,000.

□ Show the same amount using fractions and decimals (Example: \$1 and ¾ is the
same as \$1.75).

□ Given the cost of 1 item at the store, find the cost of several of the same item.
Given the cost of several of the item, find the cost of one item.

□ Add and subtract fractions that have the same denominator (Example: 2/3 – 1/3
and show equivalent fractions using objects (Example: How many fourths of a
pizza equal ½ of a pizza).

If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed
in math this year. Check each box when your child has
mastered a skill.

 Know all their multiplication tables by heart, to 12x 12. (If they take
time to figure them out, they do not know them yet. This is a third grade
skill). Use multiplication and division to solve story problems.

 Count, read, and write numbers into the millions (Example: Count form
999,988 to 1,000,000. Read 1,343,208. Write, “two million, thirty-eight
thousand, four hundred twenty-three).

 Put a list of large numbers (to millions) in order and put decimals in order
(to two decimal places).

 Round numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, million.

 Show and explain negative numbers on a number line on a thermometer
or in terms or “owing” money.

 Multiply a multi-digit number by a two-digit number (Example: 4237 x
43) and divided a multi-digit umber by a one-digit number (Example:
4237 ÷ 2).

 Find the factors of number they know from their multiplication tables
(E.g., the factors of 24 are 24, 12, 8, 6, 4, 3, 2, 1 because 24 can be
evenly divided by all of them) and explain prime number (E.g., 13,
because it can only be divided by itself and 1).

 Solve problems to find “missing numbers” (Example: 27 + A = 46, A = ?
and 43 x A = 86, A = ?).

 Find the perimeter and area of shapes (such as squares and rectangles).

 Plot points on an X and Y coordinate grid (E.g., the point
[3,-1]). Find ten points that satisfy and algebraic equation and plot them
on a grid (Example: y = 2x + 1).

If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed
in math this year. Check each box when your child has
mastered a skill.

 Know all their multiplication tables by heart, to 12x 12. (If they take
time to figure them out, they do not know them yet. This is a third grade
skill). Use multiplication and division to solve story problems.

5,641,343,208. Write, “five billion, six hundred forty-one million, three
hundred forty-three thousand, two hundred eight).

 Put a list of large numbers (to billions) in order and put decimals in order
(to three decimal places).

 Round numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, million, billion.

 Show and explain negative numbers on a number line on a thermometer
or in terms or “owing” money.

 Multiply a multi-digit number by a three-digit number (Example: 4237 x
435) and divided a multi-digit umber by a two-digit number (Example:
4237 ÷ 25).

 Find the factors of number they know from their multiplication tables
(E.g., the factors of 24 are 24, 12, 8, 6, 4, 3, 2, 1 because 24 can be
evenly divided by all of them) and explain prime number (E.g., 13,
because it can only be divided by itself and 1).

 Solve problems to find “missing numbers” (Example: 27 + A = 46, A = ?
and 43 x A = 86, A = ?).

 Find the perimeter and area of shapes (such as squares and rectangles).

 Plot points on an X and Y coordinate grid (E.g., the point
[3,-1]). Find ten points that satisfy and algebraic equation and plot them
on a grid (Example: y = 2x + 1).

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