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What You Can Do at Home with Your Kindergartner If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill. □ Count, read, and write numbers to 30. □ Count things, giving each object its own unique number. □ Count backwards from 30. □ Show you (using objects) addition and subtraction stories that you tell, using numbers up to 10. Write the number sentence that goes with the story. □ Tell you if group of objects (like pennies) is greater or less than another group. □ Arrange objects (like beans or pennies) into groups of 10’s and 1’s, to represent numbers in the 10’s, 20’s, 30’s. □ Count, read, and write to 100. Count backwards from 100 (These are first-grade skills). What You Can Do at Home with Your 1st Grade Child If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill. □ Count, read, and write number to 100. (Sometimes it’s good to start at other number besides 1). Count backward from 100. □ Add and subtract to/from 20 WITHOUT USING FINGERS. (if s/he uses finders, s/he needs more practice). □ Use a subtraction problem to check and addition problem (Example: 7 +8 = 15. Check with 15 – 8 + 7). And vice versa (Example: 9 - 3 = 6. Check with 6 + 3 = 9). □ Tell you the value of each part of a number, up to 100 (Example : 43 has 4 tens and 3 ones, or 43 is the same as 40 + 3). □ Put number cards (worth 0 to 100) in order. (Example, make 4 cards with number on them. Order them from least to greatest or from greatest to least). □ Draw a picture and write a number sentence that goes with a story. (Example: You say, “Juanita had 18 peanuts. She ate 6. How many does show have now?” They draw a diagram of what happened and write 18 – 6 = 12). □ Count a handful of coins (offer lots of practice with this!) □ Tell you what is 1 more and 1 less than a number (up to 100). What is 10 more/less). □ Read a clock (the kind with hands) to the half hour. What You Can Do at Home with Your 2nd Grade Child If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill. □ Count, read, and write numbers to 1,000. (Example, count from 487 to 520. Read 236. Write the number that goes with “three hundred twenty-two”). Count backwards from 1,000 (a little at a time). □ Add and subtract to/from 20 WITHOUT USING FINGERS. (This is a first grade skill). Add and subtract to/from 1,000. □ Use a subtraction problem to check addition. (Example: 123 + 239 = 362. Check with 362 – 239 = 123). And vice versa (Example: 9 - 3 = 6. Check with 6 + 3 = 9). □ Tell you the value of each part of a number, up to 1,000 (Example: 643 has 6 hundreds, 4 tens, and 3 ones, or 643 is the same as 600 + 40 + 3). □ Put number cards (worth 0 to 1,000) in order. (Example, make 4 cards with number on them. Order them from least to greatest or from greatest to least). □ Count coins and bill. Add and subtract amounts of money worth more than $1. □ Know multiplication tables by heart for 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s. Explain what a multiplication sentence means in terms of equal groups or repeated addition (Example: 5 x 3 means 5 groups of 3, or 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 15). □ Explain what a division sentence means in terms of: Subtracting repeatedly: 12 ÷ 3 is the same as subtracting 3 from 12 repeatedly, until there is nothing left. Sharing equally: 12 ÷ 3 means 12 things shared equally among 3 groups. How many in each group? Making groups of a fixed size: 12 things divided so that each group has 3 things. How many groups can you make? Divide numbers that will produce remainders: 13 ÷ 3 = 4 with a remainder of 1. □ Make, read, and explain fraction, including halves, quarter, eighths, and thirds. □ Read a clock (the kind with hands) to the quarter hour. What You Can Do at Home with Your 3rd Grade Child If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill. □ Know all their multiplication tables by heart, 10 x 10. (If they take time to figure them out, they do not know them yet. Making and using flash cards is helpful). Use multiplication and division to solve story problems. □ Use division to check multiplication and multiplication to check division (Example: Find 36 x 3 [answer 108] and use division to check: 108 3 = 36). □ Multiply/Divide large number by 1-digit numbers (Example: 4325 x 5 and 636 ÷ 3). □ Count, Read, and write numbers to 10,000 (Example: In 3246 the 2 is worth 200) Break a large number into its parts (Example: 3246 + 200 + 40 + 6). □ Put large numbers in order from least to greatest and greatest to least. (Example: put these in order from least to greatest: 7238; 8327; 2793, and 345). □ Explain the value of each part of a number up to 10,000 (Example: In 3,246 the 2 is worth 200). Break a large number into its parts (Example: 3246 = 3000 + 200 + 40 + 6). □ Add and subtract to/from 10,000. □ Show the same amount using fractions and decimals (Example: $1 and ¾ is the same as $1.75). □ Given the cost of 1 item at the store, find the cost of several of the same item. Given the cost of several of the item, find the cost of one item. □ Add and subtract fractions that have the same denominator (Example: 2/3 – 1/3 and show equivalent fractions using objects (Example: How many fourths of a pizza equal ½ of a pizza). What You Can Do at Home with Your 4th Grade Child If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill. Know all their multiplication tables by heart, to 12x 12. (If they take time to figure them out, they do not know them yet. This is a third grade skill). Use multiplication and division to solve story problems. Count, read, and write numbers into the millions (Example: Count form 999,988 to 1,000,000. Read 1,343,208. Write, “two million, thirty-eight thousand, four hundred twenty-three). Put a list of large numbers (to millions) in order and put decimals in order (to two decimal places). Round numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, million. Show and explain negative numbers on a number line on a thermometer or in terms or “owing” money. Multiply a multi-digit number by a two-digit number (Example: 4237 x 43) and divided a multi-digit umber by a one-digit number (Example: 4237 ÷ 2). Find the factors of number they know from their multiplication tables (E.g., the factors of 24 are 24, 12, 8, 6, 4, 3, 2, 1 because 24 can be evenly divided by all of them) and explain prime number (E.g., 13, because it can only be divided by itself and 1). Solve problems to find “missing numbers” (Example: 27 + A = 46, A = ? and 43 x A = 86, A = ?). Find the perimeter and area of shapes (such as squares and rectangles). Plot points on an X and Y coordinate grid (E.g., the point [3,-1]). Find ten points that satisfy and algebraic equation and plot them on a grid (Example: y = 2x + 1). What You Can Do at Home with Your 5th Grade Child If your child can do these things, s/he will be ready to succeed in math this year. Check each box when your child has mastered a skill. Know all their multiplication tables by heart, to 12x 12. (If they take time to figure them out, they do not know them yet. This is a third grade skill). Use multiplication and division to solve story problems. Count, read, and write numbers into the billions (Example: Read 5,641,343,208. Write, “five billion, six hundred forty-one million, three hundred forty-three thousand, two hundred eight). Put a list of large numbers (to billions) in order and put decimals in order (to three decimal places). Round numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, million, billion. Show and explain negative numbers on a number line on a thermometer or in terms or “owing” money. Multiply a multi-digit number by a three-digit number (Example: 4237 x 435) and divided a multi-digit umber by a two-digit number (Example: 4237 ÷ 25). Find the factors of number they know from their multiplication tables (E.g., the factors of 24 are 24, 12, 8, 6, 4, 3, 2, 1 because 24 can be evenly divided by all of them) and explain prime number (E.g., 13, because it can only be divided by itself and 1). Solve problems to find “missing numbers” (Example: 27 + A = 46, A = ? and 43 x A = 86, A = ?). Find the perimeter and area of shapes (such as squares and rectangles). Plot points on an X and Y coordinate grid (E.g., the point [3,-1]). Find ten points that satisfy and algebraic equation and plot them on a grid (Example: y = 2x + 1).