leadership by athan1925

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									 Instructional Leadership Roles
and Functions of a School Head

         August 14, 2010
 Are you aware of what your role will
     be as a would-be principal?
• John Dewey, a noted educational philosopher
  shared this vision
“………that one could and should expect much
  from life.”
   “Wherever the principal goes, the
          school follows.”
• A school principal has the power and the
  opportunity to guide teachers and all school
  staff towards the goal of educational
  institutions – to help prepare students for life,
  make them productive citizens and ready to
  take their place in society.
         But how do you do it?
• In today’s setting, principals should spend 70%
  of their working time as instructional
  supervisors and 30% of the time as
• An observation by Finck and Resnick in 2001
  resulted in this:
• “Most principals spend relatively little time in
  classrooms and even less time analyzing
  instruction with teachers. They may arrange
  time for teachers’ meetings and professional
  development, but they rarely provide
  intellectual leadership for growth in teaching
      Core Functions of Leadership in
•   Strategic Leadership
•   Instructional Leadership
•   Managerial Leadership
•   Human Resources Leadership
•   Cultural Leadership
•   Micropolitical Leadership
•   External Development Leadership
          Strategic Leadership
• Promoting vision, mission and goals – and
  how to reach them.
       Instructional Leadership
• Ensuring quality of instruction, modeling
  teaching practice, supervising curriculum, and
  ensuring quality of teaching resources.
        Managerial Leadership
• Overseeing the operations of the school
  (budget, schedule, facilities, safety and
  security, and transportation)
    Human Resources Leadership
• Recruiting, hiring, firing, inducting, and
  mentoring teachers and administrators;
  developing leadership capacity and
  professional development opportunities.
           Cultural Leadership
• Tending to the symbolic resources of the
  school (its traditions, climate, and history)
       Micropolitical Leadership
• Buffering and mediating internal interests
  while maximizing resources (financial and
 External Development Leadership
• Representing the school in the community,
  developing capital, tending to public relations,
  recruiting students, buffering and mediating
  external interests, and advocating for the
  school’s interests.
 Expectations from a School Head
• Parents and community members expect
  someone who is public-minded and high-
• Teachers expect their principal to be an
  instructional resource, a supporter of
  curriculum initiatives, a notch higher in
• Students expect a sympathetic counselor in
  their school head.
• Government officials and senior officials
  expect principals to be through, reliable,
  efficient, and capable of implementing and
  monitoring departmental policies, not overly
  influenced by vocal minority groups.
      Principal’s roles redefined:
• The focus of the principalship must be shifted
  from management to instructional leadership.
• Instructional leadership is essential to
  developing and sustaining excellent schools.
• There is a shortage of trained administrators
  who are capable of handling the demands of
  instructional leadership.
       Instructional Leadership
• It is practiced by a school head who makes
  sure that common goals are understood and
  that everyone feels accountable for one’s own
  performance; where the goal is to improve
  instruction in order to achieve quality
  education; and where the goal is realized by
  making sure that existing policies, practices
  and resources are aligned with one another. A
  school becomes effective when its principal
  practices instructional leadership.
        Characteristics of Effective
         Instructional Leadership
• The principal is seldom seen at the office.
• An instructional program is implemented and
  monitored periodically.
• Regular meetings with staff are held.
• The school’s plan for supervision is prepared
  cooperatively by the staff and monitored by the
• There is active documentation of instructional
  practice and materials that teachers consider
  worthy of adoption.
    Barriers to Becoming an Effective
           Instructional Leader
• Lack of Skills and Training
• Lack of Teacher Cooperation
• Lack of Time
• Lack of Support from Senior Officials, School
  Boards, and Community
• Lack of Vision, Will, or Change
      The School Head as a CEO
• “the genuine leader is someone who can
  express a vision and then get people to carry it
  – Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric
         As a CEO you need to:
• Form a vision which provides people with a
  bridge to the future.
• Give meaning to that vision through
• Build trust.
• Search for self-knowledge and self-regard.
           Leadership with EQ
• According to Daniel Goleman (1999),
  emotional intelligence refers to the capacity
  for recognizing our own feelings and those of
  others, for motivating ourselves, and for
  managing emotions well in ourselves and in
  our relationships.
    People with high EQ are able to
•   Appreciate
•   Understand
•   Respond
•   Adapt
        Domains of a School Head’s
•   School management
•   School communications
•   School community relations
•   Instructional Supervision
Principal Styles



• Puts emphasis on maintaining good relations
  with staff.
• Tends to delegate responsibilities and listens
  to others than initiate ideas.
• He/she is low key and non-demanding.
• Concentrates on getting tasks achieved rather
  than placing emphasis on personal relations
• He/she is orderly, well-organized, preferring to
  use established procedures to accomplish
• Long hours are put in to complete
  administrative tasks and to be available to
• Managers are prepared to directlyintervene
  directly with staff over school matters.
• They use memos often to communicate with
• He/she tends to be very secure and confident.
• He/she is businesslike in his/her relations.
• He/she states her expectations early and
  emphasizes student outcomes.
• There is a conscious aim to achieve increasing
  academic standards.
Which one would you like
         to be?
“Wherever the principal
   goes, the school
Thank you and God

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