BEYOND ICANN: INTERNATIONAL GOVERNANCE OF THE INTERNET IN THE 21st CENTURY • International Intellectual Property Rights Committee – 16 April 2004 • David W. Maher, Chairman, Public Interest Registry Who runs the Internet? Who runs the Internet? • No one ICANN • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers • California corporation - 1998 • Not-for-profit • International Board of Directors ICANN’s Identity Crisis • Is ICANN engaged in “technical administration” or does it make policy? MISSION IMPOSSIBLE? • “An ineffective ICANN virtually invites the fragmentation of the Internet by those with parochial commercial, cultural or political interests into zones that cannot reliably communicate with each other . . .” • President's Report: ICANN – The Case for Reform 24 February 2002 Before ICANN Jon Postel and Joyce Reynolds IETF32, Danvers MA, Apr 1995 Courtesy of Peter Lothberg, www.stupi.se Authority over the root United States Dep’t of Commerce still has sole authority over the content of the “A” root server, with the tacit consent of other governments. Will the U.S. Congress ever allow ICANN to take control of the “A” root server? WSIS • Geneva – December 2003 • Tunis – November 2005 • UN Working Group – UN-ITC meeting New York – March 2004 The KGB View • KGB should exert control over Internet, because international terrorism and organized crime more and more often use WWW. "We are trying to provide all the possibilities, and legal - first of all, in order to be able to control Internet, "- Mr. Leonid Erin, chief of Belarusian KGB. KGB – More • Mr. Erin emphasizes that he understands criticism of this position, especially in connection with human rights violations. But he insists that prior to that are state interests and secret services activities. WIPO-2 • Does the UDRP create “international law” • Should UDRP protection be extended to country names and intergovernmental organization names?
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