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					44                                                                                                                                 South Dakota • Region 1

                                                                                                                                   CRAZY HORSE
                                                                                                                           Located 17 miles from Mt. Rush-
                                                                                                                           more on Hwy. 16/385
                                                                                                                               Increasingly ranked among
                                                                                                                           the modern wonders of the world,
                                                                                                                           Crazy Horse will tower 563' high,
                                                                                                                           641' long and be carved three
                                                                                                                           dimensionally in the round. This
                                                                                                                           overall project exemplifies one
                                                                                                                           of the most impressive works of
                                                                                                                           art in progress that a person will
                                                                                                                           ever see.
                                                                                                                               The Memorial has been un-
                                                                                                                           derway since 1948 when sculptor
                                                                                                                           Korczak Ziolkowski (1908-1982)
                                                                                                                           came to the Black Hills to accept
                              Sylvan Lake at Custer State Park (photo courtesy Randy Watson)                               the invitation of Lakota Chief Henry
Game, Fish and Parks has stocked          the Park. All have showers, how-          along came saw mills, six general      Standing Bear. Requesting a Na-
various lakes with bass, walleye,         ever no hookups are available.            stores, two bakeries, a hotel and      tive American Memorial, he wrote,
perch and blue gills to provide               Horseback riding is popular           over 300 homes. Custer is now a        “My fellow chiefs and I would like
fishing. The rugged Jump-Off              in Custer State Park. Trail rides         full-fledged modern city and in ad-     the white man to know the red
Badlands area 12 miles southwest          which provide horses and guides           dition to history lessons, artifacts   man has great heroes, also.” The
of Buffalo may be reached easily          are available throughout the sum-         and tours, it has beautiful homes,     Indians chose Crazy Horse to be
from Highway 20 and is similar to         mer or bring your own.                    offices, comfortable motels, fine        carved on the mountain.
the South Dakota Badlands.                    The park also has four beautiful      restaurants and excellent shop-            In 1949, Korczak established
                                          lodges, each with its own theme,          ping opportunities.                    the nonprofit Crazy Horse Memorial
      CUSTER STATE PARK                   from historic to western. When you            Four miles north of Custer is      Foundation to oversee the project.
     Custer State Park covers             rest from all the outdoor activities,     the famed Crazy Horse Memo-            Korczak’s vision and dream was
73,000 acres of playground for the        you can add a touch of culture by         rial mountain carving similar to       for the completed Memorial to be
traveler in the Black Hills.              attending the Black Hills Playhouse,      Mount Rushmore. This memorial          a vast educational and cultural,
     The Park is named for Lt. Col.       nestled in the middle of the Park.        honors the Lakota Sioux warrior,       humanitarian project. That dream
George Armstrong Custer, the infa-        They present professional theater         who engineered Custer’s defeat         and vision is being carried out by
mous “Long Hair,” as he was known         throughout the summer.                    at the Little Bighorn. You will find    Mrs. Ziolkowski, their family and
by the American Indians. Custer               Whether you enjoy all of these        many recreational opportunities in     the foundation.
led the first military expedition into     activities or you would prefer to         and around Custer. For the fisher-          Crazy Horse is not a federal
the Black Hills and reported that the     fish, hunt, go boating or just take        man, the mountain streams, rivers      or state project, but a nonprofit
hills were full of gold. He also led      a drive, Custer State Park will not       and lakes are plentiful with trout,    undertaking. The work is financed
his men into defeat at the Battle of      disappoint you.                           perch and bass. Other outdoor          primarily from an admission fee
the Little Bighorn. Although there            For information, contact Custer       recreational activities include hik-   and contributions.
are many historical sites, museums,       State Park, HC 83, Box 70, Custer, ing, biking, golf, picnic areas, trail            All visitors are encouraged to
artifacts and stories about Custer,       SD 57730; Park Headquarters               rides, tennis, swimming, boating,      begin their visit with the short DVD
the State Park bearing his name is        (605) 255-4515; Park Visitor Center       camping and in wintertime, snow-       “Dynamite and Dreams” which
also a paradise for vacationers who       (605) 255-4464; Camping Reser-            mobiling and cross-country skiing.     shows throughout the day in twin
love the outdoor activities acces-        vations (800) 710-2267 or Resort          Close by is the renowned recre-        theaters in the Orientation Center.
sible in this magnificent land.            Reservations (800) 658-3530.              ation area, Custer State Park.         This provides an excellent history
     This is where you can see the        A Park entrance fee is required               For more information on Cus-       of the project and gives visitors an
Bison in all their glory. The Buf-        year-round.                               ter, contact the Custer Chamber        overview of the significance and
falo Safari Jeep Tour will take you                                                 of Commerce, at (800) 992-9818.        purpose of Crazy Horse Memorial.
from the State Game Lodge into                          CUSTER                      Website:              The 40,000 square-foot Orientation
the back-country to see the Park’s        Located on U.S. Hwy. 385 south-
1,400 bison. If you are visiting          west of Rapid City.
during late September or early                The community of Custer is
October, the Buffalo Roundup is           the oldest town in the Black Hills
open to the public. Cowboys on            and offers visitors more than a
horseback (assisted by rangers            hundred years of history and
in pickup trucks) corral the park’s       access to world famous sites. It
herd so they can be branded, vac-         was George Armstrong Custer,
cinated and the excess sorted for         the town’s namesake, who led
a November auction.                       the first army expedition into
     If hiking is your passion, try the   the area and discovered gold in
7,242 foot Harney Peak. The path          French Creek. Custer originally
cuts through untouched wilder-            became a U.S. Army outpost, es-
ness, so don’t be alarmed if you          tablished to keep the gold seekers
find yourself accompanied by any           out of the American Indian Terri-
number of wildlife buddies along          tory known as the Black Hills. As
the way. As you near the top, you         miners persisted in their quest,
might see many mountain goats.            the town of Custer was laid out
If that is more strenuous than what       and it soon grew to a population
you like, Park rangers lead guided        of 6,000. Custer established its
nature walks and evening campfire          own form of government complete
programs. Camp in one of seven            with a sheriff and a judge. Soon
scenic campgrounds located within         an assay office was opened and                  Headdress, Crazy Horse Memoiral (photo courtesy Wilson Loo Kok Wee)
South Dakota • Region 1                                                                                                                                    45

Center also features a Lakota Wing,
housing a full-sized tipi.
    During the summer months,
visiting artists and craftspeople
display their work, dancers perform
on the viewing veranda, and there
is a weekly performance series
featuring Native American authors,
dancers, artists and poets.
    In three large galleries built
from native pine, the extraordinary
Indian Museum of North America is
home to an amazing collection of art
and artifacts reflecting the diverse
histories and cultures of the Ameri-
can Indian people. The museum
speaks eloquently to present and
future generations about American
Indian life.
    Two museum gift shops feature
Native American arts, crafts and
exclusive Crazy Horse souvenirs.
    Popular with visitors are the Na-
tive American Cultural Center, and
the inspiring sculptor’s log studio-                            Crazy Horse Memorial 2008 Blast (photo courtesy Crazy Horse Memorial)
home and workshop.                       tively turns the mountainside into               DEADWOOD                      Hills, Deadwood is nestled in a rug-
    Work on the mountain carving         a giant 500-foot “screen” for the      Located on SD 85 S.W. of Sturgis.       ged, tree lined gulch. The entire city
continues year-round. Shaping            spectacular event. This unique             In historic Deadwood, you can       is on the National Register.
of the colossal horse’s head now         method of storytelling is popular      almost feel the presence of Wild Bill       You will have an adventure
extends 280 feet below the top of        with all ages.                         Hickok and Calamity Jane. These         when you go back in time and take
the sculpture. In blocking out the            The Laughing Water Restau-        two wild-west legends made Dead-        a self-guided walking tour. Follow
horse’s head, the talented mountain      rant boasts wonderful views of the     wood their own during the early         the tour map and great stories
crew will come to within 20 feet of      mountain carving and is open early     gold rush days. Located a mere 15       (your copy is waiting for you at the
the finish surface.                       May to late fall. Sit-down menu        minute drive off I-90 and 12 miles      History and Information Center,
    Enjoy several special events         service is available for lunch and     into the serene beauty of the Black     downtown) and you will see the
throughout the year, such as the         dinner as well as a soup and salad
Memorial Day open house; the             buffet. The snack bar is open year-
Volksmarch, the first full weekend        round, and coffee is free everyday
in June; Crazy Horse Stampede            at Crazy Horse.
Rodeo; June 26th night blast                  Parking is free in several lots
honoring the Battle of the Little        close to the visitor complex. Sum-
Bighorn anniversary and Ruth             mer hours are 7:00 a. m. until dark,
Ziolkowski’s birthday; Labor Day         followed by the laser-light show Me-
weekend open house; Sept. 6th            morial Day weekend through mid-
night blast observing the anniver-       October. Off season hours are 8:00
saries of the death of Crazy Horse       a. m. until dark, when the mountain
and the birth of Korczak; and Na-        is illuminated nightly for one hour.
tive American Day activities.            Over 1 million visitors a year tour
    The popular multimedia laser-        the sprawling complex, experienc-
light show “Legends in Light”            ing one of the true wonders of the
shows nightly throughout the sum-        world. Crazy Horse Memorial is
mer. “Legends in Light” dramatizes       open year-round.
the story of the rich heritage, living        For more information on Crazy
culture and contributions by Native      Horse Memorial and upcoming
Americans to our society. The            special events, visit the website at
show features colorful animations,
sound effects and laser beams             (see advertisement this page and
choreographed to music. It effec-                  inside front cover)
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