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Signs and Symptoms of Shock

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					Signs and Symptoms of Shock
1. Sweaty but cool skin 2. Paleness of skin 3. Restlessness, nervousness
4. Thirsty

5. Severe bleeding

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Signs and Symptoms of Shock (Continued)
6. 7. 8. 9. Confusion (does not seem to be aware of surroundings) Rapid breathing Blotchy or bluish skin (especially around the mouth) Nausea

10. Vomiting
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Elevate Feet

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Signs and Symptoms of Heat Cramps
Muscle cramps of an extremity and/or abdomen

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Treatment For Heat Cramps
1. Move casualty to cool area

2. Loosen casualty’s clothing
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Treatment For Heat Cramps (Continued)
3. Slowly drink 1 canteen of water

4. Notify medical personnel
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Signs and Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion
• Occurs often – Profuse sweating – Headache
– Weakness

– Dizziness – Loss of appetite
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Signs and Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion (Continued)
• Occurs sometimes

– Heat cramps
– Nausea – Urge to defecate

– Chills – Rapid breathing – Tingling hands, feet – Confusion
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Treatment For Heat Exhaustion
1. Move casualty to cool area

2. Loosen clothing
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Treatment For Heat Exhaustion (Con’t)
3. Slowly drink 1 canteen of water

4. Notify medical personnel
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Signs and Symptoms of Heat Stroke
A. B. C. D. E. F. Headache-dizziness Stomach pain-confusion Weakness-lose consciousness Seizures Skin, hot and dry Pulse and respiration is rapid and weak

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Treatment For Heat Stroke
1. Notify medical personnel and evacuate as soon as possible, as heat stroke is a medical emergency, which may result in death.

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Treatment For Heat Stroke (Con’t)
2. Cool the casualty A. Provide a shaded, cool area.

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Treatment For Heat Stroke (Con’t)
2. Cool the casualty B. Remove outer garments.

C. Have casualty lie down.
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Treatment For Heat Stroke
2. Cool the casualty D. Pour cool water over extremity.

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Treatment For Heat Stroke (Con’t)
E. Slowly drink one quart of plain water.

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In a chemical environment, individual is more prone to heat injury.
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Myths
• Trained to conserve water

• Accustomed to heat. • Toughened up.

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Prevent heat injury: Drink plenty of water

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Eat meals to replace salt loss.

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Basic First Aid For Frostbite
Affected part face

First aid A. Cover casualty’s affected area with his bare hands until sensation, and color returns. B. Keep the casualty warm; cover him to avoid further injury.
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Basic First Aid For Frostbite (Con’t)
Affected part Hands first aid a. Open the casualty’s field jacket and shirt. B. Place the affected hand(s) Under the casualty’s armpit(s). C. Close the field jacket to prevent additional exposure. D. Keep casualty warm; cover him to avoid further injury.
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Basic First Aid For Frostbite (Con’t)
Affected part Feet

First aid A. Remove the casualty’s Boots and socks. B. Place the affected foot under the clothing and against the body of another soldier. C. Keep casualty warm; cover him to avoid Further injury.
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Change your socks.
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