What is Validation

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					                                                                   European Validation Association




                  The European Validation Association is an umbrella organisation for companies,
                  individuals or foundations that work intensively with the Validation method.

                  Here you will find information about
                         the Validation method as created by Naomi Feil,
                         the history and purpose of the European Validation Association,
                         contact information for Authorized Validation Organizations in Europe,
                         how to order books or videos about the Validation method
                         current Course offers of individual AVO's and Validation workshops given
                         in Europe by Naomi Feil




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                                                                                   European Validation Association




                 Content

                 1.       What is Validation? ................................................................... 3
                 2.       Who is Naomi Feil?.................................................................... 3
                 3.       Who can practice Validation? .................................................... 4
                 4.       Standard VTI Training Programs............................................... 4
                 4.1.     Level 1: Validation Worker............................................................ 5
                 4.2.     Level 2: Validation Group Practitioner ............................................ 6
                 4.3.     Level 3: Validation Teacher........................................................... 7
                 4.4.     Level 4: Validation Master ............................................................ 7
                 5.       The European Validation Association ........................................ 8
                 5.1.     Organizational structure:.............................................................. 8
                 5.2.     Purpose ..................................................................................... 8
                 6.       Authorized Validation Organizations (AVO's)............................ 8
                 7.       What is the Validation Training Institute? ................................ 9
                 8.       Validation Materials .................................................................. 9
                 8.1.     Books ........................................................................................ 9
                 8.2.     Videos produced by Edward Feil Productions ................................. 10
                 9.       Publishers of Validation Materials ........................................... 11
                 10.      Course offers of the AVO's ...................................................... 12
                 11.      Workshops with Naomi Feil..................................................... 12




                 Contact
                                    European Validation Association
                   President:       Docteur Frédéric Munsch
                                    Médecin Coordonateur
                                    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire
                                    Résidence Marguerite Rousselet
                                    7, Place Marguerite Rousselet
                                    F.51092 REIMS CEDEX
                                    Secretary: 00.33.326.78.45.35
                                    Mobile: 00.33.680.05.24.64
                                    Mail: fmunsch@chu-reims.fr
                      Internet:     www.validation-eva.com




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                                                                     European Validation Association


            1.   What is Validation?

                 Validation is a method of communicating with and helping disoriented very old
                 people. It is a practical way of working that helps reduce stress, enhance dignity
                 and happiness. Validation is built on an empathetic attitude and a holistic view of
                 individuals. When one can "step into the shoes" of another human being and
                 "see through their eyes", one can step into the world of disoriented very old
                 people and understand the meaning of their sometimes bizarre behavior.

                 Validation theory explains that many very old disoriented people, who are often
                 diagnosed as having Alzheimer type dementia, are in the final stage of life,
                 trying to resolve unfinished issues in order to die in peace. Their final struggle is
                 important and we, as caregivers, can help them. Using Validation techniques we
                 offer disoriented elderly an opportunity to express what they wish to express
                 whether it is verbal or non-verbal communication. Validation practitioners are
                 caring, non-judgemental and open to the feelings that are expressed. When
                 disoriented elderly can express emotions that they have often suppressed for
                 many years, the intensity of the feelings lessen, people communicate more and
                 are less likely to withdraw into further stages of disorientation.

            2.   Who is Naomi Feil?

                                                            Naomi Feil is the developer of
                                                            Validation. She was born in Munich in
                                                            1932, and grew up in the Montefiore
                                                            Home for the Aged in Cleveland Ohio,
                                                            where her father was the administrator
                                                            and her mother, the head of the Social
                                                            Service Department. After graduating
                                                            with a Masters degree in Social Work
                                                            from Columbia University in New York,
                                                            she began working with the elderly.
                                                            Between 1963 and 1980 Mrs Feil
                                                            developed Validation as a response to
                                                            her dissatisfaction with traditional
                                                            methods of working with the severely
                                                            disoriented old-old people who were her
                                                            clients. In 1982 she published her first
                                                            book, Validation: The Feil Method,
                                                            which was revised in 1992. Her second
                                                            book, The Validation Breakthrough, was
                                                            published in 1993. Feil and her husband
                                                            have made many films and videos
                                                            about aging and Validation.

                 Feil is the Executive Director of the Validation Training Institute (VTI) and a
                 popular speaker in North America and Europe. Since 1989 she has toured Europe
                 3 times a year offering workshops in Validation to participants in Germany, the
                 Netherlands, Scandinavia, France, Belgium, Italy, Great Britain, and Austria. Her
                 books have been translated into French, Dutch, German, Italian, Finnish, Danish,
                 and Swedish.




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                                                                    European Validation Association


            3.   Who can practice Validation?

                 Validation can be used by anyone who cares for very old disoriented people.
                 Both professionals and family members can use Validation with positive results.
                 Validation practitioners must have empathy, be non-judgemental and be able to
                 handle their own feelings, as well as the feelings of others. In order to validate
                 another person, the Validation practitioner must "center", observe carefully, and
                 then step into the personal reality of the client. There are verbal and non-verbal
                 techniques that can be learned and used to build a trusting relationship in which
                 the clients can communicate and be motivated to express themselves.

                 Most people find that they need training in Validation in order to integrate the
                 theory and techniques into practice. Courses and training in Validation are
                 offered by certified Validation Teachers. There are 4 levels of certification. Each
                 level builds on the experience and knowledge gained from the course preceding.

            4.   Standard VTI Training Programs

                 Validation Worker courses consist of five, 2-day blocks of training (10 days)
                 spaced over 9 months. Participants practice Validation in between lesson blocks.

                 Validation Group Practitioner courses consist of three, 2-day blocks of training (6
                 days) spaced over 6-9 months. Participants practice Group Validation in between
                 lesson blocks. Supervision days are organized between each lesson block.

                 Validation Teacher courses consist of two, 2-day blocks of training. Each
                 participant creates his or her own personalized program for development of
                 needed skills with the guidance from the course teacher.

                 Quality and Integrity

                 The Validation Training Institute (VTI) strives to maintain high quality standards
                 in Validation teaching and information.
                         Only VTI or Authorized Validation Organizations may teach courses in
                         Validation
                         AVO's and VTI must use certified Validation teachers who have been
                         trained by VTI
                         Courses must be authorized by VTI in order for them to be eligible for
                         certification
                         Criteria for certification are international
                         Written tests for each level are international
                         Workshops and seminars in Validation may only be given by certified
                         Validation Teachers/ Trainers or Masters
                 Interested individuals and organizations should use only certified Teachers when
                 they offer training in Validation, whether that be a one-day workshop or longer
                 term training. Certification in Validation is only available through VTI or an
                 Authorized Validation Organization. In this way VTI hopes to limit untrained
                 individuals from teaching Validation. It is important for Validation to be
                 presented clearly, accurately and without personal adaptations.




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          4.1.   Level 1: Validation Worker

                     Requirements for certification:
                         take part in a training course
                         practice individual Validation for at least 6 months
                         show documentation of practical work
                         pass written and practical examinations
                     Certified Validation Workers:
                         can practice individual Validation
                         can give short presentations of Validation for small groups
                         can give support to interested people
                 ►   A Validation Worker is able to:
                     ► be empathetic.
                     ► exquisitely listen to another human being; hear the meaning beyond what
                         is said.
                     ► put his or her feelings in the closet in order to be non-judgemental.
                     ► observe a maloriented or disoriented elderly person in an organized,
                         careful manner.
                     ► understand the symbols used by maloriented and disoriented elderly.
                     ► diagnose the stage of disorientation (according to Validation).
                     ► build a warm, trusting relationship with a maloriented and disoriented
                         elderly person.
                     ► demonstrate all the Validation techniques at a basic level.
                     ► demonstrate that he or she knows which techniques to use with which
                         stage of disorientation.
                 ►   The Validation Worker knows:
                     ► Erikson's life stages and tasks, as well as Feil's "Resolution vs.
                         Vegetation" stage, and is able to apply them to disoriented elderly.
                     ► the basic human emotions and universal needs, plus can identify these
                         needs in disoriented elderly.
                     ► the goals of Validation both for the client and for the worker.
                     ► the population for which Validation was developed.
                     ► the differences between an early on-set Alzheimer patient and a
                         disoriented old-old person.
                     ► the physical, psychological and emotional characteristics of the four
                         stages of disorientation.
                     ► how Validation differs from and compares to Reality Orientation,
                         Reminiscence, Remotivation and Sensory Stimulation methods.
                     ► the principles of Validation.




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          4.2.   Level 2: Validation Group Practitioner

                     Requirements for certification:
                         show Level 1 certification (or the equivalent) in order to begin this course
                         take part in a training course
                         practice group Validation for at least 6 months
                         pass written and practical examination
                     Certified Validation Group Practioners:
                         can practice group Validation
                         can give support to people with Level 1 and interested people
                         can give short presentations of Validation for small groups
                 ►   A Validation Group Practitioner is able to:
                     ► perform all the skills required of a Validation Worker.
                     ► easily recognize the stages of disorientation even when there is blurring
                         of the stages.
                     ► form a trusting relationship with a disoriented elderly person.
                     ► form a Validation group, select group members, assign roles, plan
                         agendas.
                     ►   work with a Validation team.
                     ►   share his or her knowledge with others.
                     ►   select Validation Team members.
                     ►   evaluate the progress of the client.
                     ►   demonstrate a successful and correct Validation group.
                 ►   The Validation Group Practitioner knows:
                     ►   all the information required as a Validation Worker.
                     ►   basic group work theory.
                     ►   the goals of a Validation group.
                     ►   the role of a Validation group leader and that of the co-worker.
                     ►   how to involve other staff members within an institution.
                     ►   the elements of a Validation group




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          4.3.   Level 3: Validation Teacher

                     Requirements for certification:
                         show Level 2 certification in order to begin this course
                         demonstrate 'didactic' knowledge prior to beginning this course
                         take part in a training course
                         pass written and practical examinations
                     Validation Teachers:
                         can train people within the context of an AVO in the following areas: Level
                         1, Level 2 and family members
                         can give information seminars and presentation in cooperation with AVO's
                 ►   The Validation Teacher is able to:
                     ► perform all the skills required of a Validation Worker and Group Validation
                       Practitioner.
                     ► handle difficult Validation group situations.
                     ► help family members to use Validation with their disoriented relatives.
                     ► teach Validation on Level 1 and 2.
                     ► give presentations, lectures and classes in Validation in cooperation with
                       an Authorized Validation Organization.
                     ► offer supervision to others in a validating manner.
                     ► explain the theories that are fundamental to Validation: Freud, Jung,
                       Rogers, Piaget, Erikson, Penfield and Neurolinguistic Programming.
                     ► work with Authorized Validation Organizations.



          4.4.   Level 4: Validation Master

                     Requirements for certification:
                         Certification at this level is made by application or nomination.
                         Nominations from AVO's or Teacher Meetings should be sent to the
                         Validation Training Institute.
                         A decision making board, that has been authorized by VTI, will evaluate
                         the candidate and if all criteria are met, approve the certification.
                         Certification at this level is limited to 5 years. After 5 years, the candidate
                         must reapply for Level 4 certification and be re-evaluated by the decision
                         making board.
                     Authorizations: in addition to those activities authorized at Level 3 and
                     under the contractual auspices of the Validation Training Institute:
                         teach Level 3, Validation Teacher courses
                         review and authorize course curriculums of Validation Teachers
                         make recommendations and revisions to Validation books and other
                         training material.
                         can give supervision to Validation Teachers.
                     Criteria for certification as a Validation Master:
                         Show Level 3 certification.
                         Have at least 3 years teaching experience with all Validation courses.
                         Have made a contribution to the development of Validation in some form.
                         Has demonstrated trust and the ability to communicate with VTI, AVO's
                         and certified Validation individuals.




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                                                                    European Validation Association


            5.   The European Validation Association

                 The European Validation Association (EVA) is an umbrella organisation for
                 companies, individuals or foundations that work intensively with the Validation
                 method. The membership is made up of Authorized Validation Organisations
                 (AVO’s), and individuals representing 11 nations, reaching from Scandinavia to
                 the Mediterranean.

                 In 1993, EVA was begun by the Stichting Validation, the Authorized Validation
                 Organization in the Netherlands with a grant from the EU. Since then, meetings
                 have taken place once a year, each year in a different host country.

          5.1.   Organizational structure:

                 EVA is a foundation which is governed by a Board. The EVA Board is made up of
                 all the members. There are two sorts of memberships, organizations and
                 individuals. The Board elects the Executive Committee which is made up of the
                 President, Vice President, treasurer and two Secretaries. A representative of the
                 Validation Training Institute (VTI) is a member of the Executive Committee and
                 guaranties a close cooperation with VTI.

          5.2.   Purpose

                 The formal objectives of EVA are:
                         To contribute to the spreading of the Validation method according to
                         Naomi Feil, in Europe;
                         To promote new applications for new target groups and to promote
                         research with regard to Validation
                         To create and maintain a structure to provide for the supply of
                         information and the exchange of new developments and experiences in
                         the field of Validation
                         To pursue a good cooperation with the Validation Training Institute in
                         Cleveland, Ohio
                         To promote and maintain quality standards
                 EVA has made progress in all these areas. Together with VTI, EVA has been
                 instrumental in:
                         creating international guidelines for Authorized Validation Organizations,
                         redefining and clarifying certification levels,
                         finding support mechanisms for Validation Teachers
                         encouraging networking and the exchange of ideas and good practice.



            6.   Authorized Validation Organizations (AVO's)

                 If you are interested in:
                 • taking a training course in Validation
                 • obtaining information about Validation
                 • finding certified Validation teachers
                 please make contact with the AVO nearest you.

                 For more information see → www.validation-eva.com.




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            7.   What is the Validation Training Institute?

                 Since 1982 when Feil published her first book, the interest in and use of
                 Validation has increased at a fast pace. Feil founded the Validation Training
                 Institute (VTI) in 1983 with a professional Board of Directors in order to provide
                 the support and structure she found necessary. Since then Validation Training
                 Institute, a U.S. based, not-for-profit organization, has progressively developed
                 certification levels, training programs and has formed a network of national or
                 regional Validation organisations. Naomi Feil is VTI's Executive Director. Vicki de
                 Klerk-Rubin is the European Manager.

                 The goals of VTI are to disseminate information, train interested individuals and
                 maintain "the spirit of Validation". Validation is now being practised throughout
                 Europe. There is a need to provide information and training in each country in
                 their own language. For this reason VTI works with Authorized Validation
                 Organizations (AVO's).

                 These organizations are contracted with VTI to provide information, training and
                 to protect Validation. In principle, each AVO has at least one certified Validation
                 Teacher or Master who can offer quality training programs to interested
                 individuals in the region. Information which is distributed by VTI is translated
                 into the regional language and made available. New publications and materials
                 are also created by AVO's, dependant on the needs of the local clients. Each AVO
                 develops its own menu of products and services. VTI offers support, advice and
                 checks the quality of what is offered.

                 Validation Training Institute
                 Naomi Feil,                                   Vicki de Klerk-Rubin
                 Executive Director                            European Manager VTI
                 21987 Byron Road East - Shaker Heights        2e Sweelinckstraat 99
                 Cleveland, Ohio 44122, USA                    NL - 2517 GV Den Haag
                 Tel. (1) (216) 561-0357 or 881-0040           The Netherlands
                 Fax (1) (216) 751-6434 or 751 6343            Tel / Fax (31) (70) 302 0274
                 e-Mail: naomifeil@aol.com                     eMail: penvdek@attglobal.net
                 Web: www.vfvalidation.org



            8.   Validation Materials

                 To order books or videos, please contact the appropriate publisher. In many
                 cases, you can order them from the AVO in your area or local bookstore.

          8.1.   Books

                 • Validation: The Feil Method —
                 by Naomi Feil, revised edition published by Edward Feil Productions, 1992.

                 • The Validation Breakthrough —
                 by Naomi Feil, published by Health Professions Press, 1993




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          8.2.   Videos produced by Edward Feil Productions

                 • The Four Phases of Resolution, 8 minutes, 1997 —
                 This video clearly shows the four stages of disorientation in progression. It is
                 primarily a very useful teaching tool within the context of a Validation training
                 course. Naomi Feil role plays each stage, clearly showing the physical and
                 psychological characteristics of each phase in the Resolution process.

                 • Myrna, The Mal-oriented, 25 minutes, 1997 —
                 This instructional video is suitable for professional and non-professional
                 caregivers of Alzheimer-type very old people. It teaches the basic principles of
                 Validation as well as some of the basic Validation techniques.

                 • Looking For Yesterday, 29 minutes, 1978 —
                 A sensitive documentary that captures the pain of life in a nursing home and
                 how Validation can help. A Validation worker demonstrates how one can enter
                 the world of very disoriented very old people, learn the meaning behind their
                 bizarre behaviors and build trust. The difference between Reality Orientation and
                 Validation is clearly presented.

                 • 100 Years to Live, 29 minutes, 1981 —
                 A documentary of the helplessness and frustration of two very old women who
                 face deteriorating health and increasing dependency. A 100 year old mother and
                 her 80 year old daughter are forced to leave their home for a nursing home. The
                 viewer witnesses the 100 year old mother survive the move, while the 80 year
                 old daughter does not adapt.

                 • The More We Get Together, 44 minutes, 1986 —
                 This teaching video documentary is intended for families of disoriented very old
                 people, all levels of professional staff, as well as students in the health
                 professions. In Part One, basic Validation principles and techniques are shown in
                 individual situations. In Part Two, group Validation is demonstrated and
                 explained.

                 • Communicating with the Alzheimer's-type Population/ Act Your Age, 19
                 minutes, 1988 —
                 In clear "before" and "after" scenes this video shows how Validation can be used
                 with disoriented and maloriented individuals. This video offers a good
                 introduction to Validation ideas and techniques.

                 • Validation Workshop With Naomi Feil: My First Hundred Years, 57 minutes,
                 1981 —
                 This dramatic television special presents a workshop conducted by Naomi Feil.
                 Working with a studio audience, Feil uses role plays and exercises to show the
                 aging process and to give insight into disorientation.




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                                                             European Validation Association


            9.   Publishers of Validation Materials

                 Dutch edition                        French edition

                 Kavanah                              Editions Lamarre
                 Anneke H. van Schie                  1, avenue Edouard Belin
                 Eemster 2                            BP 158
                 7991 PP Dwingeloo                    92856 Rueil-Malmaison
                 Netherlands                          France
                 www.kavanah.nl

                 German edition                       Danish edition

                 Ernst Reinhardt Verlag               Hans Reitzels Forlag
                 Hildegard Wehler                     Lene Skammeritz
                 Kemnatenstrasse 46                   Nørre Søgade 35
                 80639 Munich                         Postboks 1073
                 Germany                              1008 København
                 www.reinhardt-verlag.de              Denmark
                                                      www.hansreitzel.dk

                 Swedish edition                      Finnish edition

                 Utbildningshuset Studentlitteratur   Vanhustyön keskusliitto
                 Eva Matell                           Cenralförbundet för
                 Box 141                              de gamlas väl ry
                 221 00 Lund                          Malmin kauppatie 26
                 Sweden                               00700 Helsinki
                 www.studentlitteratur.se             Finland
                                                      www.vanhustyonkeskusliitto.fi

                 Italian edition                      Spanish edition

                 Sperling & Kupfer                    Editorial Herder
                 Via Durazzo 4                        Provenza, 388
                 20134 Milano                         08025 Barcelona
                 Italy                                Spain
                 www.sperling.it                      www.herder-sa.com

                 Canada (Videos Only)                 Australia (Videos Only)

                 Canada Learning Co., Inc.            Educational Media Australia
                 63 Mack Avenue                       Validation Training Center
                 Scarsborough, Ontario                7 Martin Street
                 Canada M1L 1M5                       PO Box 939
                 (416) 691-9094                       South Melbourne VIC 3205
                                                      Eltham, VIC 3095
                                                      (03) 699-7144
                                                      (03) 9888 4968




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                                                                   European Validation Association


            10. Course offers of the AVO's
                 See "www.validation-eva.com" for an overview of current course offers and
                 further meetings of individual AVO's.



            11. Workshops with Naomi Feil

                 Naomi Feil offers ½-day, 1-day and 2-day workshops in Validation, on an
                 introductory or advanced level. In her workshops Feil uses roleplay, practical
                 exercises and vivid case histories from her many years of experience. In a
                 unique and motivating way, Feil teaches participants the principles and
                 techniques of Validation.

                 For more information see "www.validation-eva.com".




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