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Towards Sustainable energy in thailand

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									Towards sustainable energy in Thailand
•Border Green Energy Team •Public interest energy policy

Palang Thai

Chris & Chom Greacen Oct 4, 2006 RAEL UC Berkeley

Palang Thai พลังไท
พลัง (palang): n 1. Power. 2. Empowerment. ไท (thai): adj. 1. Independence. 2. Self-reliance

• Thailand NGO • Objective:
– To ensure that the transformations that occur in the region's energy sector: augment, rather than undermine, social and environmental justice and sustainability.

• Key approaches:
– We teach hands-on energy technology – We draft policies – We critique wasteful & dangerous mega-projects and the closed decision-making processes that lead to these projects… and offer cleaner, more democratic, alternatives.

Border Green Energy Team
•Conflict area •Little/no rural electrification

Border Green Energy Team

Solar electricity for 28 medical clinics for internally displaced inside Burma

Up to 2 million internally displaced people in Burma

Ruggedized solar electric systems built by medics in 3-5 day hands-on trainings
• 6 trainings (2003, 2004, 2005, 2005, 2006) • >60 medics trained • 28 clinics

Border Green Energy Team

Community micro-hydro (4 villages)

Micro-hydroelectricity

Source: Inversin, A. R. (1986). Micro-Hydropower Sourcebook.

Kre Khi village 2003 E Wi Jo village 2004 Mae Sa Pau village 2005 Huai Krating 2006

E Wi Jo village microhydro Estimated power: 750 Watts Head: 20 meters Flow: 20 liters/second Total installed cost: <$3000

Huai Krating “Pump as turbine” 3 kW Head: 35 meters Flow: 20 liters/sec

Huai Kra Ting – “C-2C” induction motor as generator
3kW Ballast Load

ELC

Motor Run Capacitors in Box Ballast Current 15A 10A

6A

380V
C 25μF

235V

Total Current

To Village

2C 50μF

3000W

4 kVA 380V

Border Green Energy Team

Refugee camp trainings

Solar/micro-hydro vocational education training Mae La refugee camp Sept 2005

So far: Solar PV Micro-hydro Hydraulic ram pump Solar cooking

Coming soon: 7 hybrid solar/diesel systems Biogas

Border Green Energy Team

Maintenance & repair trainings for > 14,000 Thai solar home systems

Thai government solar home program

203,000 solar home systems US$200 million No maintenance plan 23% failure rate within 20 months

Thai Government solar home program Existing linkages Tax
payers
$

Ministry of Interior $ PEA (national utility)

warranty

$

Installation company

SHS

End users

Missing linkages
Tax payers
$

Ministry of Interior $
PEA

warranty

$

Installation company

SHS

End users
What happens when systems fail? There is no feedback loop from the end users to installation company, government or taxpayers

Missing linkages
Tax payers
$
Media

Ministry of Interior $
PEA

warranty

$

Installation company
Feedback on status of systems, failure modes, successful interventions

SHS

End users
Warranty awareness Self-help: local technicians + user training

Most of Palang Thai’s work is on policy & planning level…

Grid-connected renewable energy

Grid-connected renewable energy
• Renewable energy producers need to be able to sell surplus electricity to grid. • We drafted Thai Net Metering laws approved by Cabinet (2002) • Helped 1 MW  10 MW allowed per renewable energy installation (2006)

www.netmeter.org

Power and gas sector governance

Public-interest energy policy analysis and advocacy
• Analysis on:
– Sector governance and reform – Policy & planning – Tariffs, cross-border interconnection

• Thailand is privatizing state-owned energy monopolies… but lacks independent energy regulatory body • Helped develop litigation that successfully reversed EGAT privatization • We drafted “people’s version” of regulatory legislation, adopted by National Economic and Social Advisory Council (NESAC).
– Committee finalizing law used our draft as a candidate draft by government

Public-interest energy policy analysis and advocacy
• Helped draft energy platform for a major political party (Democrat party), and provided inputs to their environmental platform. • Engineered seminar that brought together human rights leaders, dam developers, and Thai policy makers to discuss Salween dams human rights crisis • Interviews & opinion pieces on TV, radio, newspapers
www.palangthai.org/en/policy

Big thanks to…
• • • • • • • • • Volunteers Robert and Patricia Switzer Foundation Hienrich Boll Foundation Global Green Grants US-Asia Environmental Partnership Oxfam Australia Finnish Embassy Ashden Awards for Sustainable Energy Individual donors

For more information
Thailand Contact: Chom and Chris Greacen Palang Thai Tel. 02-672-0364 chom@palangthai.org chris@palangthai.org www.palangthai.org


								
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