Committee Disarmament and Securi

Document Sample
Committee Disarmament and Securi Powered By Docstoc
					Committee: Legal Committee
Topic: International Intelligence Acquisition and Sharing
Delegation: Chad

                                Highland Park High School
                                      Alina Buevich

Topic Description

Can Chad and states effectively discover and share important intelligence information
with their allies?

       Global terrorism has left many of our world’s citizens feeling more vulnerable
than they were in earlier years. However, every day and every year there are people
working in the governments of the world’s countries to keep their citizens safe. One of
the primary ways countries try to protect their people is through intelligence sharing.
Although Chad is supporting this issue, there are economical and legal problems that
have to be taken care of. There are many conflicting bordering countries and consistent
economical problems that make it difficult to get intelligence operations widely spread
throughout the country, yet Chad is still in support of intelligence sharing and we are
committed to global security.

       Chad is committed to national security and international security. It is a global
goal to keep citizens of a country safe, but some countries do not have the resources or
the wealth that others have. With a population of almost 10 million people and a GDP
(gross domestic product) per capita of $1,500, compared to the $41,800 of the U.S. (CIA

1 CIA Factbook, “Chad”, October 2006,
2, “Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Initiative”, October 2006,
3 U.S. Department of State, “African Crisis Responsive Initiative”, October 2006
Factbook1), Chad obviously has economical problems. When a country has economical
issues, the standard of living is usually not too high either. African countries have been
under speculation for a while of being powerless to support their citizens and protect
them, but that is highly false. Chad, bordering countries, and major African countries in
general are attempting to join together and make advancements in their mission to
provide solidity and safety for Africans.

       One of the biggest steps to achieving citizens’ safety in Africa was the Pan Sahel
Initiative (beginning in 2002) that helped equip African countries such as Mali,
Mauritania, Niger, and Chad, with 150 soldiers each and prevented terrorists from setting
up safe havens in Africa. The Trans- Sahara Counterterrorism Initiative, otherwise known
as TSCTI, is the follow-up to the successful PSI (Globalsecurity.org2), yet along with
what the PSI has done for Africa, the TSCTI will expand its goal and receive better
funding. The main purpose of the TSCTI is to join the African nations together and help
them achieve the safety of their citizens that they originally sought after. The Trans-
Sahara region includes ten African (and Maghreb – the countries of North Africa)
countries that are known for attracting enemies of the Global War on Terrorism. Islamic
terrorist organizations within Africa are one of the largest threats to citizens in vulnerable
regions. The al-Para faction of the Algerian Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC)
is a good example of the threats that terrorism poses for the world and for Chad, and a
good example of the groups that we are getting cleared of. This time around, EUCOM,
Headquarters U.S. European Command, also fully coordinates TSCTI and works with
U.S. teams to ensure that the total U.S. effort in the global war on terrorism.

       There are many possible consequences of intelligence operations, but the main
problem would be if countries started infiltrating borders into non-allied countries. Then
the difficulty would be of a legal aspect: the national sovereignty that each country has.
The debate on this has many different sides to it, but essentially, it depends on the
location and situation the countries are in. NGOs involved in legal and development
issues concerning Africa should be assisting initiatives and organizations such as the
1 CIA Factbook, “Chad”, October 2006,
2, “Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Initiative”, October 2006,
3 U.S. Department of State, “African Crisis Responsive Initiative”, October 2006
TSTCI. There are ways to prevent problems concerning trivial legal issues, but if
situations get out of hand. U.N. organizations must intervene to prevent more of the
deadly conflicts in Africa. The situation depends on who is responsible for taking action
against another country, and all we can do is try to enforce legal issues concerning border
control and intelligence operations in foreign countries.

       Chad’s participation in initiatives to rid African countries of terrorists and to
ensure security for citizens shows our commitment to work together with other countries,
including the U.S., and share important intelligence information. Initiatives such as the
TSTCI, PSI, ACRI (a U.S. initiative that seeks to help African nations to respond to
humanitarian crises and peacekeeping missions in their region) (ACRI3), and many more,
are only a few examples multi-national organizations working inside Chad.

1 CIA Factbook, “Chad”, October 2006,
2, “Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Initiative”, October 2006,
3 U.S. Department of State, “African Crisis Responsive Initiative”, October 2006

Shared By: