ADVANCED CLEANING PRODUCT FORMULATIONS VOLUME5 by jsjjyuxi

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									ADVANCED CLEANING
RODUCT FORMULATIONS
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 ADVANCED
  CLEANING
  PRODUCT
FOR MULATlONS
    Volume 5



   Ernest W. Flick




     NOYES PUBLICATIONS
     WILLIAM ANDREW PUBLISHING, LLC
     Nomich, New York, U.S.A.
Copyright 0 1999 by Ernest W. Flick
      No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in
      any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
      including photocopying, recording or by any informa-
      tion storage and retrieval system, without permission
      in writing from the Publisher.
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 89-30274
ISBN: 0-8155-1431-X
Printed in the United States

Published in the United States of America by
Noyes Publications/William Andrew Publishing, LLC
13 Faton Avenue, Norwich, New York 13815

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2




Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
(Revised for vol. 5)

Flick, Ernest W.
      Advanced cleaning product formulations

Includes bibliographical references and index.
     1. Cleaning compounds. I. Title
TP990.F56       1989        668'1     89-30274
ISBN 0-8155-1186-8 (v. 1)
ISBN 0-8155-1346-1 (v. 2)
ISBN 0-8155-1382-1 (v. 3)
ISBN 0-8155-1396-8 (v. 4)
ISBN 0-8155-1431-X (v. 5)
           To
the late Ernie and Jeanne
          and
   Allyn and Barbara
          and
   Chris and Rachel




          V
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                                   reface

                ohme 5) presents more than 423 up-to-date advanced cleaning
product formulations for household, industrial and automotive applications. It is
the result of information received from numerous industrial companies and other
organizations. The data represent selections made at no cost to, nor influence
from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent
formulas have been included. All formulations are completely different than
those contained in Volumes 1, 2, 3 and 4 published earlier.

~           ~ in the cleaning product industry has gradually been~undergoing
                       ~          ~          ~          a                    ~      o
significant change during the past years. Raw materials costs have risen and
manufacturers have been reluctant to pass along these increases. Environmental
considerations have also played a part. By changing formulations to improve
cost/performance characteristics, manufacturers have been able to control costs
but still enhance performance. This book presents manufacturers' suggested
formulations which might meet new performance criteria.

The formulations in this book are divided into the following sections and
chapters, with the number of formulations indicated in ( ):

 H.    Household and Industrial Cleaners and Polishes
        1. Bathroom Cleaners (9)
        2. Dairy, Food and General Industrial Cleaners (27)
        3. Degreasers (9)
        4. Dishwashing Detergents (34)
        5. General Purpose Cleaners (31)
        6. Glass CleanersPoiishes (12)
              ard Surface Cleaners (21)
        8. Laundry Products (55)
        9. Metal Cleaners and Polishes (72)
        10. Oven, Grill and Hot Plate Cleaners (9)
        11. Polishes, Coatings and Finishes (6)
        12. Rinse Aids (2)
        13. Rug, Floor, Carpet, Upholstery Shampoos and Cleaners (33)
        14. Miscellaneous (33)



                                      vii
viii    Preface

  11.   Transportation Cleaners and Polishes
          15. Auto Cleaners and Polishes (6)
          16. Car and Truck Wash Compounds (49)
          17. Whitewall Tire Cleaners (3)
          18. Miscellaneous (12)

Each formula is located in the chapter which is most applicable. The reader,
seeking a formula for a specific end use, should check each chapter which could
possibly apply. In addition to the above, there are two other sections which will
be helpful to the reader.

  111. A chemical trademark section where each tradenamed raw material
       included in the book is listed with a chemical description rand the
       supplier's name. The specifications which each raw material meets are
       included, if applicable.

  IV. Main office addresses of the suppliers of trademarked raw materials.
Each formulation in the book lists the following information, as available, in the
manufacturer's own words:

        Description of end use and most outstanding properties.

        The percent by weight or volume of each raw material included i the
                                                                       n
        formula, rounded to a decimal figure.

        Key properties of the formula, which are the features that the source
        considers to be more outstanding than other formulations of the same
        type.

        The formula source, which is the company or organization that supplied
        the formula. The secondary source may be the originating company andlor
        the primary source's publication title, or both. A formula number is
        included, if applicable.

The table of contents is organized in such a way as to serve as a subject index.

My fullest appreciation is expressed to the companies and organizations who
supplied the original starting formulations included in this book. I also thank the
suppliers of the raw materials included in these formulations, who furnished
information describing their trademarked raw materials.

Newburyport, Massachusetts                                        Ernest W. Flick
July 1999
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                           NOTICE

To the best of our knowledge the information in this
publication is accurate; however, the Publisher does not assume
any responsibility or liability for the accuracy or completeness
of, or consequences arising from, such information. This book
is intended for informational purposes only. Mention of trade
names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement
or recommendation for use by the Publisher. Final
determination of the suitability of any information or product
for use contemplated by any user. We recommend that anyone
intending to rely on any recommendation of materials QB
procedures mentioned in this publication should satisfy himself
as to such suitability, and that he can meet all applicable safety
and health standards.

                               X
                    ntents and Subject Index

                                   SECTION I
                             OUSEHOLD AND INDUSTRIAL
                             CLEANERS AND POLISHES

     B            OM CLEANERS:             ...............................                        2
                Toilet Bowl Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     3
          athroom Cleaner with Disinfectant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         4
         Heavy Duty Acid Bathroom Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           4
         Mildew Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
         ~ o w ~ ~ ~ Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                        l d e w                                                                   5
         Tile Porcelain and Bathroom Cleaner. Acid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            6
         Tub and Tile Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
         Hypochlorite Tub and Tile Cleaner and Mildew Stain Remover . . .                         6
         Toilet Bowl Cleaner with Bleach .........................                                7

2.            .FOOD AND GENERAL INDUSTRIAL CLEANERS . . . . . 8
         Acid Industrial and Household Cleaners
            Oxalic Acid Gel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
              ust Removal Jelly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    9
         Cleaners for Industrial Application
            Desinfecting Cleaner. Acid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        10
            Dipping Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   10
            Spray Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   10
         Destainer
                 sphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    11
                 uced Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          11

            Zero phosphate. powder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      12
         Baking Pan Cleaner
            phosphate. powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    12
         Heavy Duty Cleaners
            BBll Purpose-Food Process Plant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         13
         Hard Surface Spray Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     13




                                               xi
xii     Contents and Subject Index

        High Foaming Alkaline Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             14
        Heavy Duty Alkaline Degreaser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             44
        Steam Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     14
        Industrial and High Pressure Cleaners
            Cleaner, Strongly Alkaline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          15
            Cleaner. Weakly Alkaline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          15
            Cleaner. Strongly Alkaline (Phosphate-Free) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
           Cleaner. Weakly Alkaline (Phosphate-Free) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
        Metal Cleaner
           (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
        Food Industry Cleaner
           (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
        Milk Can Cleaner
           (Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        17
           (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           17
        Powdered Enzyme Presoaks
           Economy Presoak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        18
           Premium Presoak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        18
           Enzyme Prespotter for Oily/Smutty Soils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IS
        Sanitizing Cleaner
           (Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        19
        Sanitizing Agent
           (Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        19

 .
3 DEGREASERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
    Aqueous Degreaser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   21
    Aqueous Degreaser
       d-Limonene Microemulsion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           21
       Water Based Degreaser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      21
    Degreaser Concentrate (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        22
    Metal De-Oiling Liquid Concentrate (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
    Solvent Degreaser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
    Solvent Based Degreaser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     24
    Engine Cleaner and Degreaser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        24

4. DISHWASHING DETERGENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      25
       Automatic Dishwash Detergent-Consumer
          (Zero Phosphate. Chlorine Free. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
       Automatic Dishwash Detergent-Consumer
          (Phosphate. Chlorine Free. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      26
       Automatic Dishwash Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
          (Phosphate. Solid Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
       Automatic Dishwashing Detergent-Industrial & Institutional (Liquid~7
                                                   Contents and Subject Index                  xiii

        Automatic Dishwash Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
           (Zero.Phosphate. Chlorine Free. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
        Automatic Dishwash Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
           (Phosphate. Chlorine Free. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         28
        Automatic Dishwashing Gel with Chlorine Bleach . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
        Clear. Colorless Manual Dish Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         30
        Powder Stainless Silverware Pre-Soak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          30
        Low Alkaline Warewashing Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          30
        Dish Washing Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   31
                 sh w/Amine Oxide/LABS/SLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
        Dish Wash w l h i n e Oxide/LABS/ALES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
        Hand Dishwashing Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     33
        Foam Booster: E-14-5 in Hand Dishwashing Liquids
           Economy Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      34
           Standard Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   34
           90% Premium Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        34
           Rernium Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    34
        Hand Dish Detergent Formulations
           Clear Dishwash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
        Pearlescent Dishwash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  35
        Hand Dishwashing Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     36
        Rand Dishwashing Paste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    37
        Light Duty Liquid. Premium Hand Dishwash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
        Light Duty Liquid Low Cost Hand Dishwash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
        Liquid Automatic Dishwasher Detergent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
        Manual Dishwashing Gel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    40
        Manual Dishwashing Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     41
        Now-Chlorinated Machine Dishwashing Compound. Liquid . . . . . 42
        Chlorinated Machine Dishwashing Compound. Powder . . . . . . . . 42
        Non-Chlorinated Machine Dishwashing Compound. Powder . . . . 42
        Premium Hand Dishwashing Detergent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            43
        Dish Washing Agents for Manual Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            43

 .
5 GEN                        LEANERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              44
    Abrasive Cleaner with Bleach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            45
          rasive Cleaner Without Bleach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         46
           Purpose Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    47
    All Purpose Cleaner - No Rinse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            48
    AB1-Purpose Disinfectant Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            49
    All Purpose Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       49
    &alp   Purpose Cleaner w/Amide/€’hosphate Ester . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 50
    A Purpose Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         1                                                                                      50
 xiv     Contents and Subject Index

         All Purpose Cleaner Concentrate
            (Phosphate. Liquid. Foam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      51
        All Purpose Concentrate
            (Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5%
        Calcium Carbonate Abrasive Cleaner Without Bleach . . . . . . . . . 52
        Citric Acid Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
        General Purpose Cleaner
            (Consumer Low Alkaline. Non-Phosphate Powder) . . . . . . . . 54
        General Purpose Cleaner
            (Consumer High Alkaline. Non-Phosphated Powder) . . . . . . . 54
        General Purpose Spray & Wipe Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
        General Purpose Spray & Wipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          56
        All Purpose Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   56
        Hypochlorite Vertical Surface Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           57
        Pump Spray All Purpose Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          57
        Liquid Cleanser with Bleach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       58
        All Purpose Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   58
        Pine Oil Cleaner Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      59
        Disinfecting Cleaner. Alkaline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      59
        Sodium Bicarbonate Abrasive Cleaner Without Bleach . . . . . . . . 60

 .
6 GLASS CLEANERS/POLISHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 61
    Anti.Fogging. Anti-Static Glass Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
    Glass Cleaner. Ready to Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         62
    Glass Cleaner Concentrate (Non-Ammoniated) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
    Glass Cleaner Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       63
    Ammoniated Glass Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          63
    Glass and Window Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          64
    Household Window Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          65
    Premium Household Window Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                65
    Glass Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
    Windows/Glass
       Glass Cleaner (Concentrate) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          66
    Windshield Washer Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           66
    Windshield Washer Concentrate (Low VOC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

 .
7 HARD SURFACE CLEANERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    67
    Alkaline Hard Surface Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            58
    Hard Surface Cleaner Concentrate (All Purpose Type) . . . . . . . . .                        68
    Concentrated Hard Surface Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                69
    Hard Surface Cleaner-Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             69
    Pine Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   69
    Hard Surface Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       70
                                               Contents and Subject Index                     xv

Bard Surface Cleaner w/Amphoteric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 71
Hard Surface Cleaner Concentrate w/d’Limonene . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       71
Bard Surface Cleaner Concentrate (Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . .                        72
Hard Surface Spray Cleaner (Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      72
Hard Surface Cleaner Concentrate wmipentene . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       73
Alkaline Hard Surface Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             73
Liquid Abrasive Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           74
Tile and Sanitary Cleaners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          74
Liquid Hard Surface Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             74
Hard Surface Cleaner-All Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                75
  old and Mildew Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              76

             PRODUCTS           ................................                              77
     gent for Fine Fabrics-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            78
Detergent for Fine Fabrics-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            78
Heavy Duty Laundry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          79
1 h 1 Liquid Laundry Detergent with Enzyme & Optical . . . . . . .                            80
Surfactant Rich Detergent for Nursing Homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     80
Powder for Automatic Dishwashing Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       80
  dustrial Heavy Duty Laundry Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  81
Industrial Laundry Detergents
   High Caustic Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             82
   Mixed Builder Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              82
Washing Paste with Bleaching Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  82
Laundry Detergent-Consumer (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   83
Laundry Detergent-Consumer
   (Zeolite Built. Zero Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  83
Laundry Detergent-Consumer
   (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             84
Laundry Detergent-Consumer
   phosphate. Powder) ...............................                                         84
bundry Break-Industrial & Institutional
   (Liquid. Phosphate) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          85
Laundry Break-Industrial & Institutional
   (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   85
Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
   (NTAJZeolite. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            86
Laundry Break-Industrial & Institutional
   (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             86
Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
   (Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          87
Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
   (Sodium Carbonate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               87
mi       Contents and Subject Index

        Laundry Break-Industrial & Institutional
            phosphate. Powder. High Alkalinity) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
        Laundry Break-Industrial & Institutional
            (Zero Phosphate Powder. High Alkalinity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
            (Reduced Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               89
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
            (NTA, Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         89
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
            (Sodium Carbonate with Flow Aid. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
        Laundry Detergant-Industrial & Institutional
            (Phosphate. Solid Block) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           6
                                                                                                      94
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial and Institutional
            (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            91
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial and Institutional
            (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1
                                                                                                      91
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
            (Phosphate Built. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           92
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
            (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  92
        Laundry Builder-Industrial & Institutional
            (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  93
        Laundry Detergent-Industrial & Institutional
            (Zeolite Built. Zero Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
        Laundry Prespotter Sprayable Gel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              94
        Laundry Prespotter Sprayable Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 95
        Light Duty Liquid Detergent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             96
            Calsoft LAS-99 Based . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            98
        Dry Cleaner: Pre Spot-Water Soluble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 99
        Wool Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       99
        Two Part Industrial Laundry Detergents
            Break Formulations Highly Alkaline Break . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 0                    10
            Mixed Builder Break . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            100
            Detergent Additive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         100
        Ultra Liquid Laundry Detergent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               101
        Fine Fabric Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          61
                                                                                                     14

 .
9 METAL CLEANERS AND POLISHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                               802
    Acid Metal Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          p03
    Dipping Cleaner for Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            103
    Aluminum CleanerBrightener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  104
    Powdered Metal Cleaning Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     104
    Aluminum Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            1104
                                              Contents and Subject Index                    xvii

Aluminum Cleaner Concentrate F-498 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    105
Aluminum Wash F-499 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             105
   ffing Compound Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               106
   t Alkaline Paint Stripper Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                106
Metal De-Oiling Liquid Concentrate (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     106
Cutting Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   107
Semi-synthetic Cutting Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            109
Cutting Oil Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         109
General Purpose Machine Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 110
Aircraft Cleaner Type I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                              V                                                             110
General Purpose Synthetic Fluid (A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               111
General Purpose Synthetic Fluid (€3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              111
Copper Machining Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            111
General Purpose Synthetic Fluid (C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               112
General Purpose Synthetic Fluid @) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                112
Metal Cleaner
    (Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         113
Aluminum Cleaner
    phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          113
  eta1 Cleaner
    phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          114
    (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            115
Non-Phosphorous Aluminum Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    116
Alkaline Aluminum Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             116
Semi Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      117
Silver and Metal Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         119
Soluble Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   120
Soluble Oil Machining Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             122
Synthetic Machining Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           122
Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   123
Synthetic DrawindStamping Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 124
Oil Based DrawindStamping Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 124
Spray Metal Cleaning Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                124
Synthetic Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       125
Synthetic Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         130
Universal Scouring Paste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          133
Aluminum Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          133
Water Soluble Stamping Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              134
    -40 Type Lubricant Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  134
Penetrating Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     134
Burnishing Compound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           134
xviii        Contents and Subject Index

10.      OVEN. GRILL AND HOT PLATE CLEANERS . . . . . . . . . . .                                      135
          Caustic Oven Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           136
          Non-Caustic Oven Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                3
                                                                                                       B6
          High Caustic Oven Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              137
          Oven Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       138
          Aerosol Oven Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           138
          Oven Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       139
          Heavy Duty Oven Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              139
          Oven Cleaner w/Amphoteric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 4
                                                                                                       10
          Oven Cleaner wphosphate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              140

     .
1 POLISHES. COATINGS AND FINISHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 1                                                                                                      4
                                                                                                       11
   Furniture Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              142
   LeatherPlastic Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 143
   Marble Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             144
   Rust Removing Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  144
   Scratched Wood Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   145
   High Gloss. Detergent Resistant Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        145

12.      RINSE AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         .6
                                                                                                       14
           Rinse Aid. Acid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       147
           Rinse Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   147

13.      RUG. FLOOR, CARPET. UPHOLSTERY SHAMPOOS
         AND CLEANERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              n48
           Carpet Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       4
                                                                                                       19
           Low Foam Carpet Shampoo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               149
           Steam Rug Cleaner-A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           149
           Steam Rug Cleaner-B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           149
           Carpet Cleaners for the Spray-Extraction Process . . . . . . . . . . .                      150
           Carpet Shampoo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        150
              (Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           11
                                                                                                       15
           Rug Steam Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         151
           Carpet Shampoo. High Foam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               152
           Carpet Spot Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            12
                                                                                                       15
           Carpet & Upholstery Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             153
           Vinyl Dressing (B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        153
           Carpet & Upholstery Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             154
           Liquid Steam Carpet Cleaner For Hard Water Systems . . . . . . .                            154
           Floor Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     155
           Liquid Floor Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        155
           Heavy-Duty Floor Scrubber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             155
           Household Carpet Freshenedhtistat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   156
                                               Contents and Subject Index                   xix

Pump Spray Carpet Antistat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            156
Liquid Leather. Vinyl. and Plastic Cleaner and Restorer . . . . . . .                       157
Liquid Leather. Vinyl. and Plastic Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  157
Low Cost Extraction Carpet Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                158
Premium. Medium Duty Steam Extraction Carpet Cleaner . . . . .                              158
         uty Steam Extraction Carpet Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    158
       aming Carpet Extractor Detergent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   159
         m Cleaner (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             159
No Rinse Floor Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          160
Heavy Duty Floor Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            160
No-Rinse Floor Cleaner Degreaser ......................                                     160
Wax Stripper (A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        161
  ax Stripper (B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       161
Concentrated Wax Stripper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             161

    CEELANEQUS              .................................                               162
  acteriostatic Concentrate w/Pine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              163
General Disinfectant Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           163
Hospital Disinfectant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       163
Cutting Oil Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         164
Cutting Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   164
Concrete Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        164
White Wall Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          164
d ' l h o n e n e Waterless Hand Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          165
Paste Nand Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        165
Dipentene Microemulsion Formulations
            -alkaline Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        166
             line Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      167
Hydrocarbon Solvent Microemulsions
      Emsol D-110 Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              168
      Isopar M Formulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         169
h w Viscosity Silicone Emulsion Using Pemulen Resins . . . . . .                            170
Luminizing Pet conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            171
Pea Shampoo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       171
   iao-Emulsions with d-Limonene .....................                                      172
Micro-Emulsions with Pine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               173
Plastic Bottle Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       174
Bottle Wash Formulations
         w Foam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   174
         oderate Foam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     174
Terpene Microemulsions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            175
      Concentrated Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          175
Wax Emulsion Using Pemulen Resins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   176
xx   Contents and Subject Index

                                SECTION 11
                         TRANSPORATION CLEANERSl
                              AND POLISHES

 .
15 AUTO CLEANERS AND POLISHES                            ....................                    198
                                                                                                1’’
       Chrome Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     7
                                                                                                19
       Liquid Car Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    180
       Liquid Spray Cleaner for Aluminum Trucks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   181
       Aluminum Cleanermrightener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             181
       Non-Phosphorous Aluminum Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  11
                                                                                                18
       Mild Abrasive Automobile Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            182

 .
16   CAR AND TRUCK WASH COMPOUN S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                               %83
      Car Shampoo Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           184
      Automobile Car Wash Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               184
      Car Wash (Calsoft LAS-99-Based) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 185
      Car Wash (Calsuds A-Based) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               8
                                                                                                15
      Car Wash (Calsoft T-60-Based) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               185
      CarWash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   186
      Paste Car Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    186
      Car Wash w/Amphoteric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           187
      Windshield Washer Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             187
      Windshield Washer Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             187
      Car Wash Concentrate w/Alcohol Ethoxylate . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     133
      Car and Truck Wash Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              189
      Car Wash powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          189
      Car Wash (Calsuds A-Based) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              189
      Car Wash and Care
         Car Shampoo with Water-Repellent Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      190
         Rinse-off Agent (Water Repellent) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 9
                                                                                                10
         Rinse-off Agent (Water-Repellent) Without Hydrocarbons .                          ~    190
         Windshield-Cleaner (Summer) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 9
                                                                                                10
         Windshield-Cleaner (Winter) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               9
                                                                                                1B
         Insect Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       191
         Wheel Cleaner, Alkaline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          191
         Tar Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      191
      Car Wax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   192
      Auto Wipe & Shine Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          192
      Concentrated Traffic Film Removers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                193
      Foamy Brush Car Wash, Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              194
      Low Cost Car Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         194
      General Purpose Car Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            195
      Liquid Car Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     195
                                                   Contents and Subject Index                   xxi

    Boat Wash & Car Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             195
    Heavy Duty Truck Wash. Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 196
    Heavy D t Truck Wash. Powder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
            uy                                                                                  196
    Premium Car Wash Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                197
    Car Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    197
    Auto Shampoo Concentrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              197
    Touchless Vehicle Wash Detergent
       (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             198
    Vehicle Wash Detergent (Low pH)
       (Zero Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             198
    Tmck/Bus Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         199
    Economy Tnuck/Bus Wash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              199
    Car Shampoo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       199
    Car Wash and Wax Shampoo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                199
    Vehicle Wash Detergent
       (Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          200
       (Liquid. low foam) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         200
    Vehicle Wash Detergent (Low pH)
       (Zero Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             201
    Touchless Vehicle Wash Booster/Additive
       (Zero Phosphate. Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             201

     ITEWALL TIRE CLEANERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          202
    Mitewall Tire Cleaner
      (Zero Phosphate Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               203
      phosphate Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             203
      (Liquid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    203

n    SCEEUNEOUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               204
    Aircraft Cleaner
       (Reduced Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                205
       (Phosphate. Powder) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          205
    Auto Care: Hnterior/Exterior Rubber & Vinyl Protectant . . . . . . .                        206
    Boat Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   207
    Concrete CIeanerDegreaser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             208
    Garage Floor Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          208
    Acid Rust Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         208
    ConcreteDriveway Cleaners
        For Other Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      209
    Heavy Duty Concrete Cleaner (Phosphate Free) Formula 1C . . .                               209
    Vinyl Dressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      210
                ressing (A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       210
xxii   Contents and Subject Index

SECTION III: TRADEMARKED RAW MATE                                     .
                                                s . . . . . . . . . . 2nn
SECTION IV: SUPPLIERS' ADDRESSES    . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                 a          ~         ~   229
         ection I
Household and Industrial
 Cleaners and Polishes




           1
1. Bathroom Cleaner




         a
                                                                                  Bathroom Cleaners         3


                                  A c i d i c Toilet Bowl C l e a n e r

      Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o t h i c k e n t h i s a c i d i c t o i l e t bowl
c l e a n e r f o r m u l a t i o n . I n a d d i t i o n , t h e use o f t h e r e s i n p r o v i d e s
v e r t i c a l c l i n g t o increase t h e contact time o f t h e detergent
on t h e s o i l e d s u r f a c e and enhance consumer c o n v e n i e n c e .

I n s r e d ie n t :                                                                              5
DI Water                                                                                       43.00
Carbopol 6 7 4 ( 1 )                                                                            2.00
C i t r i c A c i d (50%)                                                                      50.00
A l k y l benzene s u l f o n i c a c i d 97%) ( 2 )                                            2.00
Sodi u d o d e c y l d i p h e n y l o x i de d i s u l f o n a t e (45%) ( 3 )
         m                                                                                      3.00

      B r o o k f ie l d v i s c o s i t y ( R V T 20 rpm): 4,000        cps
      P r o d u c t pH: 1 .O-2.0
      Product C l a r i t y : C l e a r

(1)     BFGoodrich
i2j Stepan Co.: B i o s o f t 5-100
( 3 ) Dow Chemical Co.:               Dowfax 2A1

Procedure:
1 . M i x t h e D I w a t e r and c i t r i c a c i d s o l u t i o n t o g e t h e r .
2 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n ( 8 0 0 rpm) p r o v i d e d by a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e w a t e r / c i t r i c a c i d sol-
    u t i o n . M i x t h e s l u r r y f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 30 m i n u t e s . The
    p r o d u c t w i l l become i n c r e a s i n g l y t h i c k e r w i t h t i m e - h e a t i n g
    t o 40-50C w i l l h a s t e n t h e p r o c e s s .
3 . Add t h e s u l f o n i c a c i d and t h e d i p h e n y l o x i d e d i s u l f o n a t e
    surfactant.
4 . Add c o l o r and f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d . Cool t h e p r o d u c t t o
    room t e m p e r a t u r e .

Total Actives:
      C i t r i c a c i d : 25.00
      A l k y l benzene s u l f o n i c a c i d : 1.94
      Dodecyl d i p h e n y l o x i d e d i s u l f o n a t e :   1.35

SOURCE:       BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:               DET-351
4   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulatioris


                      Bathroom Cleaner with Disinfectant
Inqredi ents:                                              Wt .%*
A: Veegum T, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate                    1   .oo
   Rhodopol 23, Xanthan Gum                                 0.35
   Deionized Water                                         86.65

B: Diatomaceous Earth (Super Floss)                         5.00
   Tetrasodium EDTA (Hampene 100)                           2.75
   Sodium o-Phenylphenate (Dowicide A)                      0.25
   Sodi um A1 kyl benzene Sul fonate (Cal soft L - 4 0 )    3.00
   Butyl Cellosolve                                         1   .oo
Procedure:
1 . Dry blend the Veegum T and Rhodopol 23 and add them to the
    water while stirring with an homogenizer at 5000 rpm.
    Continue mixing for 30 minutes.
2. Slowly add the Part 8 ingredients in the order shown, mixing
    each for 5 minutes.
    * A s received basis
SOURCE: R.T. Vanderbilt Co., Inc.: Formulation No. 363

                       Heavy Duty Acid Bathroom Cleaner
Inqredi ents:                                                Wt%
Hydroxyacetic acid                                           5.0
Sulfamic acid                                                5.0
Ammonyx LO                                                  10.0
Water, D.I.                                                 80.0
Mixing Procedure:
   Add ingredients to water in the order given and mix until
homogeneous.
Properties:
   Appearance: Clear liquid
   pH, as is: 1.0
   Solids, %: 1 4 . 0
   Density, lbs/gal: 8.7
Use Instructions:
   Use as is o r dilute as needed. Do not use on natural marble
or polished aluminum. Use gloves. Do not mix with bleach.
Storage Stability:
   Formulation is freeze/thaw stable through 3 cycles.
   Formulation is stable for 3 weeks @ 50C.
SOURCE: Stepan Co.: Formulation No. 200
                                                                              Bathroom Cleaners      5



                                        M i 1dew Remover

Ingredients:                                                                                 Wt%*
Van Gel 0                                                                                     3.00
D e i o n i z e d Water                                                                      85.55
Sodium H y d r o x i d e , 50% S o l u t i o n                                                0.45
Sodium H y p o c h l o r i t e , 10% S o l u t i o n ( H y p u r e N )                       10.00
Vanseal NALS-30                                                                               1.oo

Procedure:
4 . S l o w l y s p r i n k l e t h e Van Gel 0 i n t o w a t e r a t room t e m p e r a t u r e
     w h i l e m i x i n g w i t h a homogenizer o r d i s p e n s e r o p e r a t i n g a t
     5000 rpm. C o n t i n u e m i x i n g f o r 40 m i n u t e s .
2 . Add sodium h y d r o x i d e and m i x u n t i l u n i f o r m l y d i s s o l v e d .
     Slow t h e m i x e r t o 1 0 0 0 rpm o r l e s s .
3 . Add t h e Vanseal NALS-30. A v o i d a i r e n t r a p m e n t . M i x u n t i l
     uniform.
F o r m u l a t i o n No. 458


                                     Bowl /Mi 1dew C 1 e a n e r

Ingredients:
A: Veegum T , Magnesium Aluminum S i l i c a t e                                              5.00
   T e t r a s o d i u m P y r o p h o s p h a t e (TSPP)                                     0.25
   Water                                                                                     50.75

8 : Sodium H y p o c h l o r i t e , 5 . 2 5 %                                               34.00
    Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e , Anhydrous                                               10.00

Procedure:
1 . D r y b l e n d t h e Veegum T and TSPP. S l o w l y add t h e w a t e r w h i l e
     a g i t a t i n g a t maximum a v a i l a b l e s h e a r . C o n t i n u e u n t i l smooth.
2 . Add P a r t B i n g r e d i e n t s s l o w l y i n t h e o r d e r shown, m i x i n g
     a f t e r each a d d i t i o n u n t i l smooth and u n i f o r m .
F o r m u l a t i o n No. 424
     *As r e c e i v e d b a s i s

SOURCE: R.T.        V a n d e r b i l t Co.,   I n c . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
6   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                  Tile,     P o r c e l a i n a n d Bathroom C l e a n e r , A c i d

Ingredients:
Water, D . I .                                                                                    75.5
Xanthan Gum                                                                                         0.5
P e t r o BAF Powder                                                                                2.0
P h o s p h o r i c A c i d , 75%                                                                 12.0
H y d r o x y a c e t i c A c i d , 70%                                                           10.0
Perfume, Dye                                                                                        q.s.
B l e n d i n g Procedure:
      Add Xanthan Gum s l o w l y t o w a t e r w i t h h i g h speed m i x i n g . A l l o w
t o m i x u n t i l m a t e r i a l t h i c k e n s . Add r e m a i n i n g i n g r e d i e n t s i n
o r d e r l i s t e d . I f p r o b l e m s d e v e l o p a d d i n g Xanthan Gum t o w a t e r ,
p r e m i x t h e Xanthan Gum i n some i s o p r o p a n o l b e f o r e a d d i n g t o
water.
      F o r m u l a 529


                                    Tub and T i l e C l e a n e r

Ingredient:
Water, D . I .                                                                                67.4
P h o s p h o r i c A c i d , 86%                                                             17.6
H y d r o c h l o r i c A c i d , 37%                                                         13.5
R e w o t e r i c AM TEG                                                                       0.5
V a r o n i c T202 SR                                                                          1.o
Blending Procedure:
      Add in g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y    between
each a d d i t i o n .
T y p i c a l P r o p e r t ie s :
      V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 293
      S o l i d s : 16.3%
      pH: 1 . 7
F o r m u l a 530


     H y p o c h l o r i t e Tub and T i l e C l e a n e r a n d M i l * S t a i n      Remoz

Ingredients:
Water, D . I .                                                                             44.9
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (30%)                                                              1.o
Varox 365                                                                                   1.5
Sodi urn H y p o c h l o r i t e ( 5 . 7 % )                                               52.6
Blending Procedure:
     Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t io n .
Typical Properties:
      V i s c o s i t y , cps: 4
      S o l i d s : 3.8%
      pH: 13.5
F o r m u l a 531

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                                  Bathroom Cleaners       7



                            T o i l e t Bowl C l e a n e r w i t h B l e a c h

      Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o t h i c k e n t h i s t o i l e t bowl w i t h
c h l o r i n e b l e a c h f o r m u l a t i o n . I n a d d i t i o n , t h e use o f t h e r e s i n
provides v e r t i c a l c l i n g t o increase the contact time of the
d e t e r g e n t on t h e s o i l e d s u r f a c e and enhance consumer c o n v e n i e n c e .

I n qr e di-w                                                                                    Wt%
D I Water                                                                                      60.75
Carbopol 676 ( 1 )                                                                              1.25
P o t a s s i um h y d r o x i d e ( 4 5 % )                                                    5.00
2 . l r P o t a s s i u m s i l i c a t e (39%) ( 2 )                                           5.00
Potassium carbonate                                                                             5.00
Sodium h y p o c h l o r i t e ( 1 2 . 5 0 % )                                                  8.00
Amine O x i d e (30%) ( 3 )                                                                    10.00

     B r o o k f i e l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20rpm) : 2 , 5 0 0 c p s
     P r o d u c t pH: 12-13
     P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

( 1 ) BFGoodri c h
( 2 ) PQ C o r p .
( 3 ) Lonza, I n c . : B a r l o x 12

Procedure:
1 . U s i n g m o d e r a t e a g i t a t i o n ( 8 0 0 rpm) p r o v i d e d b y a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r
    s u i t a b l e f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s ,
    d i s p e r s e o r s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r .
    M i x t h e s l u r r y f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e
    s l u r r y i s homogeneous.
2 . W i t h c o n s t a n t a g i t a t i o n , add t h e p o t a s s i u m h y d r o x i d e and
    t h e p o t a s s i u m s i l i c a t e . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
3 . C o n t i n u e a g i t a t i o n and add t h e p o t a s s i u m c a r b o n a t e f o l l o w e d
    by t h e b l e a c h .
4 . Add t h e amine o x i d e s u r f a c t a n t and m i x u n t i l homogeneous.
5 . Add c o l o r a n d f r a g r a n c e , a s d e s i r e d .

Total Actives:
    S i l i c a t e (as Si02): 1.32
    C a r b o n a t e ( a s Na2C03): 3 . 8 4
    Available Chlorine: 1.OO
    Amine O x i d e : 3 . 0 0

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:              DET-350
    2. Dairy, Food and
General Industrial Cleaner




             8
                                                       D a i q , Food and General Industrial Cleaners     9



                        A c i d I n d u s t r i a l and Household C l e a n e r s
                                            O x a l i c A c i d Gel

Inqredients:                                                                                    W t .%*
Water                                                                                           53.70
Van Gel B                                                                                        2.50
Rhodopol 2 3                                                                                     0.80
O x a l i c A c i d D i h y d r a t e , 12.59n Aqueous S o l u t i o n                          40.00
P o l y s o r b a t e 40 (Tween 4 0 )                                                            3.00

Procedure:
1 . Dry b l e n d t h e Van Gel €3 and Rhodopol 2 3 and add them t o t h e
     w a t e r w h i l e m i x i n g w i t h a p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r a t 1800 rpm.
     C o n t i n u e m i x i n g f o r 60 m i n u t e s .
2 . Reduce t h e s t i r r e r speed t o produce a s l i g h t v o r t e x and
     s l o w l y add t h e o x a l i c a c i d s o l u t i o n .
3 . When a l l t h e a c i d has been added, add t h e P o l y s o r b a t e 40
     and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m .
F o r m u l a t i o n N o . 466


                                        Rust Removal J e l IY

Insredi ents:                                                                                    WtD/ou
Water                                                                                           53.20
Van Gel B                                                                                        3.00
Rhodopol 2 3                                                                                     0.80
P h o s p h o r i c A c i d,   50% Aqueous Sol u t ion                                          40 0 0
Octoxynol-9                                                                                      3 00

Procedure:
1 . D r y b l e n d t h e Van Gel 0 and Rhodopol 2 3 and add them t o he
     w a t e r w h i l e m i x i n g w i t h a p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r a t 1800 rpm.
     C o n t i n u e m i x i n g f o r 60 m i n u t e s .
2 . Reduce t h e s t i r r e r speed t o produce a s l i g h t v o r t e x and
     s l o w l y add t h e P h o s p h o r i c A c i d s o l u t i o n .
3 . A f t e r a l l t h e a c i d has been added, add t h e O c t o x y n o l - 9
     and mix u n t i l u n i f o r m .
F o r m u l a t i o n No. 467
     *As r e c e i v e d b a s i s

SOURCE: R . T .        V a n d e r b i l t Co.,   I n c . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
10    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                        Cleaners f o r I n d u s t r i a l A p p l i c a t i o n

                               D e s i n f e c t i n q Cleaner, A c i d

I n s ed ien t s :                                                                  wts/,
water                                                                              48.0
P h o s p h o r i c a c i d (85Oh)                                                 24.0
S u l p h u r i c a c i d (98%)                                                     5.0
P r o p e t a l 241                                                                 3.0
Dodigen 226                                                                        20.0
      F o r m u l a CT 06-06-01


                                        D i ppi n q C1 e a n e r

 I r ed i
  n          e-n-t-sL                                                               Wt%
itatger                                                                            75.5
Tetrapotassium pyrophosphate                                                       10.0
C a u s t i c soda                                                                  1.5
D i p r o p y l e n e g l y c o l monomethyl   ether                                5.0
S u l f e t a l 4069                                                                5.0
Zusol a t 1008/85                                                                   3.0
      F o r m u l a CT 07-03-01


                                         Spray C 1 e a n e r

Insredients:                                                                        Q
Water                                                                              58.0
Cublen D50                                                                          3.0
T r i e t h a n o l ami ne                                                          3.0
S u l f e t a l 4105                                                                4.0
P r o p e t a l 241                                                                 2.0
Z u s o l a t l005/85                                                               0.5
P h o s f e t a l 201                                                               2.0
Butyl glycol                                                                        5.0
C i t r u s terpene                                                                 0.5
I n h i b i t o r 4000                                                             22.0
      F o r m u l a CT 07-06-01

Ingredients
water                                                                              86.0
Sul f e t a l 4105                                                                  6.0
P r o p e t a l 99                                                                  3.0
Zusolat 1005/85                                                                     0.5
Butyl glycol                                                                        4.0
Orange t e r p e n e                                                                0.5
     Formula CT 07-06-03

SOURCE:     Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH 8, C o . :                General Formulations
                                                       Dairy, Food and General Industrial Cleaners   I1


                                            D e s t a in e r
                                       (Phosphate, Powder)

     S o i l - O r g a n i c s t a i n s : f o o d , mold and g r a s s
     Surface-Cement, wood, p a i n t , p o l y m e r i c
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Brush
     Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Compos i t to^                                                                                Wt%
*STPP                                                                                        25.0
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                         25.0
Sodium S u l f a t e                                                                          8.0
PQ Epsom S a l t                                                                              2.0
**Octylphenoxy Polyethoxyethanol,                        9-    0 M o l e s EO                 2.0
Sodium P e r b o r a t e , Monohydrate                                                       38.0

Use D i l u t i o n : 2 . 3 - 4 . 5 % bw ( 3 - 6 oz/ga         ion)

*     FMC
**    Rhone P o u l e n c I g e p a l C A - 6 3 0


                                          Destai ner
                                 (Reduced Phosphate,              Powder)

     S o i l - O r g a n i c s t a i n s : f o o d , mold and g r a s s
     Surface-Cement, wood, p a i n t , p o l y m e r i c
     A p p l i c a t i o n Methods-Brush
     Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Composi t i o :
              n                                                                               &
                                                                                              %
*STPP                                                                                        10.0
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                         25.0
Sodi um S u l f a t e                                                                         8.0
PQ Epsom S a l t                                                                              2.0
**Octylphenoxy Polyethoxyethanol,                        9 - 1 0 Moles EO                     2.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                              15.0
Sodium P e r b o r a t e , Monohydrate                                                       38.0

Use L e v e l : 3-6     oz/gallon

*    FMC
**   Rhone-Poulenc            I g e p a l CA-630

SOURCE:      PQ C o r p . :    D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
12   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                             Eaa C l e a n e r
                                  L x o phosphatS?,.powder)
     S o i 1- P r o t e i n
     S u r f a c e - E g g and egg h a n d l i n g e q u i p m e n t
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - H i g h p r e s s u r e s p r a y (700-1400   psi)
     Manufacture-Dry blend

Composi t i o n :                                                                             Wt%
Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                      30.0
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                          20.0
Sodium S u l f a t e                                                                          12.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                               30.0
* S o d i urn D i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e 2H20                                     3.0
* * S o d i um A1 k y l a r y l S u l f o n a t e Powder ( 9 0 % )                             5.0

Use D i l u t i o n : 0 . 7 5 - 1 . 5 % bw ( 1 - 2    oz/gallon)

*     O l i n Chemical
**    Witco


                                        B g k i - n g Pan C l e a n e r
                                       (Phosphate,- Powder)

     S o i l - A n i m a l f a t and g r e a s e , v e g e t a b l e o i l
     S u r f a c e - A 1 umi num and s t e e l
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Irnmersion/brush
     Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

C O ~ ~t 1 o n :
         S l                                                                                   Wt%
*Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                     35.0
*STPP                                                                                         12.0
**Nonylphenoxy P o l y e t h o x y e t h a n o l ,       9-10 M o l e s € 0                    3.0
Metso Pentabead 2 0                                                                           50.0

Use D i l u t i o n .   1 . 5 % bw ( 2 o z / g a l l o n )

*     FMC
**    Rhone-Poulenc           I g e p a l CO-630

SOURCE:      PQ C o r p . .   Detergent F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                          Dairy, Food and General Industrial Cleaners   13



                                      Heavv D u t v C l e a n e r s
                               A l l Purpose-Food P r o c e s s P l a n t

Ingredients:                                                                               Weight%
Water                                                                                       74.00
EDTA ( E t h y l e n e d i a m i n e t e t r a c e t i c A c i d )                            2.00
TKPP ( T e t r a P o t a s s i u m P y r o p h o s p h a t e )                                4.00
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                              5.00
KOH, 45%                                                                                    10.00
Calamide C                                                                                    5.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
2 . Water and EDTA g i v e a m i l k y w h i t e s o l u t i o n .
3 . Upon a d d i n g t h e o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s t h e s o l u t i o n i s c l e a r .
4. EDTA can b e s u b s t i t u t e d w i t h Na4EDTA t o make a c l e a r f i n a l
    solution.
5 . T h i s i s a heavy d u t y c l e a n e r f o r f o o d p r o c e s s i n g p l a n t s .
6 . Use l e v e l . 2-4 o z p e r g a l l o n .
    F o r m u l a t i o n HDC-004-01


                                   Hard S u r f a c e Spray Cleaner

- qredients:
In                                                                                         Weight%
Water                                                                                       89.00
TKPP ( T e t r a P o t a s s i u m P y r o p h o s p h a t e )                                1.oo
E t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monobutyl E t h e r                                               3.00
C a l s u d s 81                                                                              4.00
NH40H, 28%                                                                                    3.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . I n g r e d i e n t Water and TKPP when m i x e d a r e c l e a r .
2 . Hazy s o l u t i o n when E t h y l e n e G l y c o l M o n o b u t y l E t h e r i s added.
3 . W i t h t h e a d d i t i o n o f C a l s u d s 81 t h e s o l u t i o n t u r n s c l e a r and
    has a pH o f 9.
4 . When iUH40H i s added, t h e pH i n c r e a s e s t o 1 2 .
    F o r m u l a t i o n HDC-002-01

SOURCE: P i 1o t Chemical                Co. : Suggested Formul a t i ons
14    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                              H i qh Foaming A1 k a l ine C l e a n e r

     M o n a t e r i c EH c o n t r i b u t e s t o d e t e r g e n c y and e f f e c t i v e l y con-
t r o l s b o t h t h e k r a f f t and c l o u d p o i n t i n t h i s h i g h foaming
formulation.
I n n r e d ie n t s :                                                                             Wt9/o
Water                                                                                             76.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                    10.0
Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e ( P e n t a h y d r a t e )                                         2.0
Dodecyl benzenesul f o n i c a c i d                                                               2.0
M o n a t e r i c EH                                                                               8.0
Nonoxynol -1 0                                                                                     2.0
Procedure:
     Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d w i t h a g i t a t i o n . Package.
Recommened Use D i l u t i o n : 1 : 2 0 w i t h w a t e r
F o r m u l a t i o n F-768


                             Heavy D u t y A l k a l i n e Degreaser

      M o n a t e r i c EH a i d s i n t h e removal o f o i l y s o i l s w i t h o u t emul-
s i f i c a t i o n . I t e a s i l y displaces o i l y s o i l s from hard surfaces
and keeps them f r o m r e d e p o s i t i n g .
Ingredients:                                                                                    Wt%
Water                                                                                          65.0
Sodi u m H y d r o x i de ( 5 0 % )                                                            20.0
Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e ( P e n t a h y d r a t e )                                      3.0
M o n a t e r i c EH                                                                           10.0
Nonoxynol -1 0                                                                                  2.0
Procedure:
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d w i t h a g i t a t i o n . Package.
Recommended Use D i l u t i o n : 1 : 2 0 w i t h w a t e r .
F o r m u l a t i o n F-769


                                           Steam C1eaner

      Mona NF-20 c o n t r i b u t e s t h e non-foaming and d e t e r g e n c y              proper-
t i e s i n t h i s formulation.
I n a r e d ients:                                                                               WtO/o
Water                                                                                         65.00
               m
Potassi u Hydroxide                                                                            3.00
Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e (Anhydrous)                                                    10.00
T e t r a p o t a s s i u Pyrophosphate
                         m                                                                    10.00
Mona NF-20                                                                                    12.00
Procedure:
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d w i t h a g i t a t i o n .
Typical Properties:
      Cloud P o i n t : 75C
      K r a f f t Point: tOC
Recommended Use D i l u t i o n : 4-6 o z . / g a l .
F o r m u l a t i o n F-762

SOURCE: Mona I n d u s t r i e s ,       I n c . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                   Dairy, Food and General Industrial Cleaners    15



                      I n d u s t r i a l and Hiqh Pressure Cleaners
                               C1
                               - eaner. Strong1 y A1 Kal i ne
Inqredients:                                                                              w
                                                                                          y%
Water                                                                                    76.5
Cublen D 50                                                                               1.o
Tetrapotassi um pyrophosphate                                                             4.0
C a u s t i c soda                                                                        0.6
Sodi u m m e t a s i 1 i c a t e                                                          4.9
S u l f e t a l 4105                                                                      4.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                     2.0
P h o s f e t a l 201                                                                     2.0
Butyl glycol                                                                              5.0
     F o r m u l a CT 06-13-01


                                     C1 e a n e r , Weakly A1 k a l ine
Ingredients:                                                                              Wt%
Water                                                                                    80.4
Cublen D 50                                                                               1.o
Tetrapotassium pyrophosphate                                                              2.0
T r i e t h a n o l ami ne                                                                3.6
S u l f e t a l 4105                                                                      4.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                     2.0
P h o s f e t a l 201                                                                     2.0
Butyl glycol                                                                              5.0
      F o r m u l a CT 0 6 - 1 3 - 0 2


                   Cleaner, S t r o n q l y A1 k a l i n e (Phosphate-Free)
I n g r e d i e c                                                                         Wt%
Water                                                                                    80.5
Cublen D50                                                                                1. o
Sodi um m e t a s i 1 i c a t e                                                           4.9
C a u s t i c soda                                                                        0.6
S u l f e t a l 4105                                                                      4.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                     2.0
P h o s f e t a l 201                                                                     2.0
Butyl glycol                                                                              5.0
     F o r m u l a CT 06-13-03

                      @1  eaner, Weak1 y A1 k a l ine ( Phosphate-Free1
Ingredients:                                                                              Wt%
Water                                                                                    80.4
C u b l e n D 50                                                                           1. o
T r i s o d i um c i t r a t e                                                             2.0
S u l f e t a l 4105                                                                       4.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                      2.0
P h o s f e t a l 201                                                                      2.0
Butyl glycol                                                                               5.0
T r i e t h a n o l ami n e                                                                3.6
      F o r m u l a CT 06-13-04

SOURCE:      Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & C o . :                General Formulations
16    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


                                           Metal Cleaner
                                               (m
     S o i l - P e t r o l e u m and a n i m a l o i l and g r e a s e
     Surface-Metal: Steel
     A p p l ic a t i on Method-Immersi on
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composi t i on :                                                                      w.t%
Water                                                                                 65.6
S t a r Sodi um S i 1 ic a t e                                                        15.6
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                         6.3
*Phosphate E s t e r                                                                   5.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C9-C11;   6 Moles EO)             7.5

Use D i l u t i o n : 2%-5% b v

*    Rhone-Poulenc Rhodafac RE-610
**   Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f 91-6


                                    Food I n d u s t r y C l e a n e r
                                               (W
     S o i l - H e a v y f o o d g r e a s e , o i l and p r o t e i n
     Surface-Metal, ceramic, polymeric, glass
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Wipe, mop o r b r u s h
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o o e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition:                                                                           Wt%
Water                                                                                 74.0
TKPP (60%)                                                                             3.0
N C l e a r Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                     7.0
Sodi um H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                        3.5
*Phosphate E s t e r                                                                   2.5
**Ethylene Glycol n-Butyl Ether                                                        5.0
* * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-Cl3;   6 . 5 Moles € 0 )    5.0

Use D i l u t i o n : 6-12% bw ( 8 - 1 6 o z / g a l l o n )

*      Rhone-Poulenc Rhodafac RE-600
**     Dow C h e m i c a l , U n i o n C a r b i d e
***    Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7

SOURCE: PQ C o r p . :        Detergent F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                      Dairy, Food and General Industrial Cleaners   17



                                        M i l k Can C l e a n e r
                                      (Phosphat_e, Powder)

     Sol 1 - F a t     and p r o t e i n
     Surface-Metal
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Wipe o r b r u s h
     Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Compo_sition’                                                                                WX/,
*STPP                                                                                       30.0
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                        30.0
*Sod1 u m C a r b o n a t e                                                                 35.0
+*Sod1 um D i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e , 2H20                                     3.0
* * * S o d i u m A1 k y l a r y l S u l f o n a t e Powder,    (90%)                        2.0

Use D i l u t i o n    0.75-1      5% bw (1-2 o z / g a l l o n )

*      FMC
**     O l i n Chemical
***    w1 t c o



                                       M i l k Can CLea-ner
                                   (Zeco Phosphate, Powder)

      S o l 1 - F a t and p r o t e i n
      S u r f ace-Metal
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Wipe o r b r u s h
      Manufacture-Dry blend

Composi t i on :                                                                              Wt%
Val f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                               20.0
Metso Pentabead 20                                                                          40.0
Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                    35.0
*Sodium D i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e , 2H20                                        3.0
**Sod1 um A 1 k y l a r y l S u l f o n a t e Powder,          (90%)                          2.0

Use L e v e l : 1 - 2 o z / g a l l o n

*      O l i n Chemical
**     Stepan, W i t c o

SOURCE:       PQ C o r p . :   D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
18   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                             Powdered Enzyme Presoaks
                                 Economy Presoak
Component:                                                             Wt%
Soda Ash                                                             80.0
Sodium Metasilicate Pentahydrate                                     10.0
Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate Powder                                 5.0
Burcosperse AP Powder                                                 3.0
Burcotase EP-60                                                       2.0

                                    Premi um Presoak

Component:                                                            5
Soda Ash                                                             40.0
STPP                                                                 35. n
Neodol 25.7                                                           5.0
Sodium Metasi 1 icate Pentahydrate                                   10.0
Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate Powder                                 5.0
Burcosperse AP Powder                                                 3.0
Burcotase EP-60                                                       2.0

   The recommended use concentration o f these products i s           1-4
g/1 in the presoak bath. F o r optimum results, the presoak
temperature should be 130-15OF.

                   Enzyme Prespotter f o r Oilv/Smuttv Soils

Component:                                                            wtD/,
Water                                                                49.0
Propyl ene G1 ycol                                                   10.0
Dodecyl benzenesul foni c Acid                                       10.0
TEA-85                                                               20.0
Burco TME                                                             5.0
Nonionic Surfactant*                                                  5.0
Burcotase LL-100                                                      1.o

     *An HLB of 9 . 5 - 1 0 . 0   i s preferred. Alcohol ethoxylates are
      preferred.
   Add components in the order listed. Blend until uniform
between each addition. Cool before adding the enzyme.

SOURCE: Burlington Chemical G o . , Inc. : Suggested Formulations
                                                      Dairy,Food and General Industrial Cleaners   19



                                        S a n i t i z i n s Cleaner
                                       (Phosphate, Powder)

      S o i l - H o s p i t a l s o i l : sebum, b l o o d , u r i n e , e t c .
      Surface-Metal, ceramic, polymeric
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Wipe o r b r u s h
      Manufacture-Dry Blend

Composi t 1 1 0 ~                                                                           Wt%
Metso Beads 2048                                                                           20.0
*Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                  35.0
*STPP                                                                                      30.0
**Sodi urn D i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e , 2H20                                  10.0
***Sod; um A1 k y l a r y l S u l f o n a t e Powder (99%)                                  5.0

Use D i l u t i o n : 0 . 7 5 - 1 . 5 % bw ( 1 - 2    oz/gallon)

*      FMC
**     01 i n Chemical
***    witco

                                         Sani t i z i na A a e n t
                                       (Phosphate, Powder)_

     S o i l - H o s p i t a l s o i l : sebum, b l o o d , u r i n e ,   etc.
     Surface-Metal, ceramic, polymeric
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Wipe, b r u s h
     Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Composi t i on :                                                                            Wt%
*STPP                                                                                      30.0
*Sodi um C a r b o n a t e                                                                 25.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-Cl6;    12 M o l e s EO)          10.0
M e t s o Pentabead 20                                                                     30.0
Quaternary Germicide                                                                        5.0

Use D i l u t i o n : 0 . 7 5 - 1 . 5 % bw ( 1 - 2    oz/gallon)

*     FMC
**    Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-12

SOURCE: PQ C o r p . :         Detergent F o r m u l a r y Guide
3 Degreaser
 .




     20
                                                                                     Degreasers     21


                                         Aqueous D e s r e a s e r

Ingredients:                                                                          Wei q h t %
Water                                                                                   60.80
NaOH, 50%                                                                                 2.00
Cal s o f t LAS-99                                                                        9.40
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                          8.70
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                   4.60
TKPP ( T e t r a P o t a s s i u m P y r o p h o s p h a t e )                            4.70
Sodium M e t a s i 1 i c a t e                                                            6.60
E t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monobutyl Ether                                               3.20

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   D i s s o l v e t h e s a l t s i n t h e water f i r s t .
   F o r m u l a t i o n DEG-001-01


                                          Aqueous D e q r e a s e r
                                   d - L i monene M i c r o e m u l s i o n

Ingredients:                                                                          Weight%
d - L i monene                                                                           9.90
C a l s u d s CD-6                                                                       9.80
C a l imu1 se PRS                                                                        2.44
Diethylene Glycol n-Butyl                    Ether                                       4.93
Water                                                                                  73.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . A d d i t i o n a l C a l s u d s CD-6 may b e needed t o c l a r i f y t h e sample.
2 . Add t h e w a t e r s l o w l y .
    F o r m u l a t i o n DEG-002-01


                                      Water Based D e a r e a s e r

Ingredients:                                                                          Weight%
Water                                                                                  68.50
NaOH, 50%                                                                                2.00
Cal s o f t LAS-99                                                                       7.00
P i lot SXS-40                                                                           7.50
Na4EDTA                                                                                  2.00
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                  5.00
E t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monobutyl Ether                                              3.00
Sodi urn M e t a s i 1 ic a t e                                                          5.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . T h e r e i s a p h o s p h a t e v e r s i o n where 3 . 5 % sodium t r i p h o s p h a t e
    i s s u b s t i t u t e d f o r t h e sodium m e t a s i l i c a t e and Na4EDTA.
2 . Use w a t e r t o b a l a n c e i n g r e d i e n t s .
    F o r m u l a t i o n DEG-006-01

SOURCE:       P i l o t Chemical C o . :         Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
22    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulatiorrs



                                    m r e a s e r Concentrate
                                             ( L i q u i d)


      Soil-Grease, o i l
      Surface-Pai n t , polymeric, metal
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Spray o r w i p e
      Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composi t i on :                                                                           t/
                                                                                          w"o
Water                                                                                     67.0
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                       8.0
*Sodi urn P o l y a c r y l a t e (40%)                                                    5.0
**Phosphate E s t e r                                                                     10.0
* * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( C 9 - C l l ; 6 M o l e s EO)      5.0
* * * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( C 9 - C l l ; 2 . 5 Moles EO)    5.0

Use D i l u t i o n : Normal Duty-1.5% bw ( 2 o z / g a l l o n )
                      Heavy D u t y - 3 . 0 % bw ( 4 o z / g a l l o n )

*        Rhone-Poulenc         C o l l o i d 226/35 P o l y a c r y l a t e (40%)
**       Rhone-Poulenc         Rhodafac R E - 6 1 0
***      Rhone-Poulenc         R h o d a s u r f 91-6
****     Rhone-Poulenc         R h o d a s u r f A-24


                          Metal De-Oiling L i q u i d Concentrate
                                       ( L i quid )

      Soi 1 - P e t r o l e u m - b a s e d o i 1
      S u r f a c e - M e t a l : S t e e l , c o p p e r , aluminum, e t c .
      Appl i c a t i o n Method-Spray a n d / o r immersi on
      Manufacture: Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composi t i on :                                                                           W    B
Water                                                                                     42.0
S t a r s o Sodi urn S i 1 i c a t e                                                      12.0
EDTA, T e t r a s o d i u m (37%)                                                         16.0
Sodium X y l e n e S u l f o n a t e (40%)                                                20.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C9-C11;    6 M o l e s EO)              3.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C9-C11    2 . 5 M o l e s EO)         7.0

Use D i l u t i o n : 2%-4% b v

*      Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f 91-6
**     Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f A-24

SOURCE: PQ Corp. : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t on G u i d e
                                                                                   aegreasers    23



                                        S o l v e n t Denreaser

     Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o e m u l s i f y and s t a b i l i z e t h i s
d-limonene o i l based e m u l s i o n . I n a d d i t i o n , t h e use o f t h e
r e s i n provides v e r t i c a l c l i n g t o increase the contact time o f
t h e d e t e r g e n t on t h e s o i l e d s u r f a c e and enhance consumer
convenience.

I n q r e d ient :                                                                         9
D I Water                                                                               81.18
Carbopol ETD 2623 ( 1 )                                                                  0.32
d-Limonene ( 2 )                                                                        10.00
Propylene g l y c o l methyl e t h e r ( 3 )                                             2.00
Alkylbenzene s u l f o n i c a c i d ( 4 )                                               2.00
C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 moles EO ( 5 )                                  1.50
Isopropanol                                                                              2.50
Sodium h y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                           0.50

      B r o o k f ie l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20   rpm) : 750 cps
      P r o d u c t pH: 9 . 5 - 1 0
      P r o d u c t C1 a r i t y : Opaque

(1)    BFGoodrich
(2)    A r y l e s s e n c e , I n c . : H-7892 d-limonene
(3)    Dow Chemical : Dowanol PM
(4)    Stepan C o . : B i o s o f t S-100
(5)    S h e l l Chemical: Neodol 23-6.5

Procedure:
1 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n (800 rpm) p r o v i d e d b y a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
    f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
    eous.
2 . Add t h e d-limonene w i t h good a g i t a t i o n and mix u n t i l homogene-
    ous.
3 . Reduce a g i t a t i o n and add t h e g l y c o l e t h e r , s u l f o n i c a c i d , and
    alcohol ethoxyl ate.
4 . Add t h e i s o p r o p a n o l .
5 . Add t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e u n t i l t h e t a r g e t pH r a n g e i s
    reached.
6 . Add c o l o r , as d e s i r e d .

T o t a l Actives:
      d-limonene:                                           10.0
      Propylene g l y c o l methyl e t h e r :               2.0
      Sodium a1 k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n a t e :      2.2
      Psopropanol :                                          1.5
      C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 moles EO:     2.5

SOURCE: BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:              DET-330
24    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                  S o l v e n t Based Deqreaser

Insredients:                                                                             Wei ghP%
Kerosene                                                                                   72.85
Aristonate M                                                                                 3.00
Pine O i l                                                                                 10.00
T a l l O i l F a t t y Acid                                                               10.06
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                      3.02
Hexyl ene G1 y c o l                                                                         1.06

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . Use a l o w o d o r g r a d e o f t a l l o i l f a t t y a c i d .
2 . Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r i n d i c a t e d .
3. A r i s t o n a t e L can be s u b s t i t u t e d f o r A r i s t o n a t e M~
    F o r m u l a t i o n DEG-004-01


                                  S o l v e n t Based Degreaser

Ingredients:                                                                             W ig h t %
                                                                                          e
Aristonate M                                                                                 5.10
T r i t o n X-45                                                                             5.00
T r i t o n N-101                                                                            2.99
Kerosene                                                                                    86.93

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . Kerosene can be s u b s t i t u t e d w i t h A r o m a t i c Naphtha.
2 . A r i s t o n a t e M can be s u b s t i t u t e d w i t h A r i s t o n a t e L .
    F o r m u l a t i o n DEG-003-01


                              E n q i n e C l e a n e r and Deqreaser

Ingredients:                                                                             Weight%
Water                                                                                     58.94
M I PA                                                                                    20.33
C a l imu1s e PRS                                                                           5.08
Dowanol DPM                                                                               45.24
Na4EDTA                                                                                     0.41

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Clear, p a l e y e l l o w product
   F o r m u l a t i o n DEG-005-01

SOURCE: P i 1o t Chemi c a l Co. : Suggested Formul a t ions
lshwashing Detergents




       25
26    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                        A u t o m a t i c Dishwash Deteraent-Consumer
                      ( Z e r o Phosohate. C h l o r i n e F r e e . Powder1

     S o i l - F o o d g r e a s e , o i l and p r o t e i n
     S u r f a c e - M e t a l , g l a s s , p l a s t i c and c e r a m i c
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Dishwasher ( s p r a y )
     Manufacture-Dry Blend/Agglomeration

Composi t i on :
Sodi urn C i t r a t e D i h y d r a t e                                                           10.0
* B r i t e s i l H20 Hydrous P o l y s i l i c a t e                                              20.0
Sodi urn C a r b o n a t e                                                                         23.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 3 moles EO)                                   3.0
* * * A c u s o l 445ND S o d i um P o l y a c r y l a t e ( 9 2 % sol id s )                       4.0
****Sodium P e r b o r a t e Monohydrate                                                           10.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                    15.0
Sodium S u l f a t e                                                                               15.0

*       2 . 0 w e i g h t r a t i o powder w i t h 1 7 . 5 % w a t e r
**      Rhone-Poulenc A n t a r o x BL-330
***     Rohm & Haas; o r use a c o m b i n a t i o n o f A c u s o l 445ND and A c u s o l
        479ND ( 2 w t . % each)
****    O r use Sodium D i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e b l e a c h ( c o n t a i n s c h l o r -
        i n e ) a t 2 w t % . Balance w i t h s u l f a t e .


                        A u t o m a t i c Dishwash Detersent-Consumer
                          (Phosphate, C h l o r i n e F r e e , Powder)

     S o i 1-Food g r e a s e , o i 1 and p r o t e i n
     S u r f a c e - M e t a l , g l a s s , p l a s t i c and c e r a m i c
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Dishwasher ( s p r a y )
     Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Composi t i on :
RU L i q u i d Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                               15.0
*Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                           23.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 3 moles EO)                                    3.0
* * * A c u s o l 445ND Sodi um P o l y a c r y l a t e (92% s o l id s )                            4.0
****Sodium P e r b o r a t e M o n o h y d r a t e                                                  10.0
*STPP                                                                                               30.0
Sodi um S u l f a t e                                                                               15.0

*       FMC
**      Rhone-Poulenc A n t a r o x BL-330
***     Rohm & Haas; O r u s e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f A c u s o l 445ND and
        A c u s o l 479ND ( 2 w t . % each)
****    O r u s e Sodi u m D i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e b l e a c h ( c o n t a i n s c h l o r -
        i n e ) a t 2 w t %. B a l a n c e w i t h s u l f a t e .

SOURCE: PO C o r p . :         Detergent F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                                Dishwashing Detergents       27



        A u t o m a t i c Dishwash D e t e r c i e n t - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                               (Phosphate, S o l i d B l o c k )

     S o i l - F o o d g r e a s e , o i l and p r o t e i n
     S u r f a c e - M e t a l , g l a s s , p l a s t i c and c e r a m i c
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Dishwasher ( s p r a y )
     Manufacture-Solid block

Composi t i on :                                                                                      Wt%
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                                 25.0
NaOH (50% S o l u t i o n )                                                                          25.0
*STPP                                                                                                35.0
*Sodi um C a r b o n a t e                                                                           12.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (7-9   M o l e s EO;       C12-15)                 3.0

*    FMC
**   Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
     S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7


      A u t o m a t i c D i shwashi n g D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a1 & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                                             (L iquid)

     S o i l - F o o d g r e a s e , o i l and p r o t e i n
     S u r f a c e - M e t a l , c e r a m i c and g l a s s
     A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Dishwasher ( s p r a y )
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition :                                                                                         Wt%
Water                                                                                                50.9
* A c r y s o l ASE 108 ( A c r y l i c P o l y m e r )                                               6.9
* * T r i t o n DF-16 ( N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t )                                         3.0
P o t a s s i um H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                              1.2
TKPP (60%)                                                                                           25.0
N C l e a r Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                                   13.0

Use D i l u t i o n : 0 . 1 5 - 0 . 3 0 % bw ( 0 . 2 - 0 . 4    oz/gallon)

*    Rohm & Haas;          o r Rhone-Poulenc C o l l o i d 226/35 P o l y a c r y l a t e ( 4 0 % )
**   Rohm & Haas;          o r Rhone-Poulenc A n t a r o x EL-330

SOURCE: PQ C o r p . :         Detergent F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
28     Advarrced Clearring Product Formulatiorls



         A u t o m a t i c D i s h w a s h D e t e r g e n t T I n d u s t r i a l - &- I n s t i ~ ! . ! t i g n ~ j
                         (Zero-Phosphate,             C h l o r i n e F r e e , Powde_rj

      S o i l - F o o d g r e a s e , oil and p r o t e i n
      S u r f a c e - M e t a l , g l a s s , p l a s t i c and c e r a m i c
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Dishwasher ( s p r a y )
      Manuf a c t u r e - D r y B1 e n d / A g g l o m e r a t i on

Composi t io n :                                                                                                  Wt%
M e t s o P e n t a b e a d 20                                                                                  30.0
Sod1 um C a r b o n a t e                                                                                       26.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 M o l e s € 0 ; C12-15)                                 3.0
* * A c u s o l 445ND Sodium P o l y a c r y l a t e ( 9 2 % s o l i d s )                                        4.0
***Sodium P e r b o r a t e M o n o h y d r a t e B l e a c h                                                    10.0
Val f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                                    15.0
Sodium S u l f a t e                                                                                             12.0

*      Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
       S h e l l C h e m i c a l Neodol 25-7
**     Rohm & Haas; O r u s e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f A c u s o l 445ND and A c u s o l
       479ND ( 2 w t % e a c h ) .
***    O r use sodium d i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e b l e a c h ( c o n t a i n s c h l o r i n e )
       a t 2 w t % . Balance w i t h s u l f a t e .


                                                                      Stri-a 1 _&-Ins t_ii-tluti_ o?e_a_8
         A u t o m . a t i c P ~ h w a ~ h _ D e t e ~ e _ n ~ . ~ I ~.d - u
                          LP h o s p h a t e _ , C h l _ o r i n e _Free- Pow_s1ec)
      S o i l - F o o d g r e a s e , o i l and p r o t e i n
      S u r f a c e - M e t a l , g l a s s , p l a s t i c and c e r a m i c
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Dishwasher ( s p r a y )
      Manufacture-Dry Blend/Agglomeration

Composition:                                                                                                      Wt%
G t s o P e n t a b e a d 20                                                                                    30.0
*STPP                                                                                                           25.0
* S o d i um C a r b o n a t e                                                                                  28.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 M o l e s EO; C12-15)                                3.0
* * * A c u s o l 445ND S o d i um P o l y a c r y l a t e ( 9 2 % sol i d s )                                   4.0
****Sodium P e r b o r a t e Monohydrate B l e a c h                                                            10.0

*        FMC
**       Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
         S h e l l C h e m i c a l Neodol 2 5 - 7
***      Rohm & Haas; O r u s e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f A c u s o l 445ND and
         A c u s o l 479ND ( 2 w t % e a c h )
****     O r use sodium d i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e b l e a c h ( c o n t a i n s
         c h l o r i n e ) a t 2 w t % . Balance w i t h s u l f a t e .

SOURCE: PP C o r p . :            Detergent F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                            Dishwashing Detergents      29



               A u t o m a t i c D i s h w a s h i ng Gel w i tJ1_..Chlori n e B1 e a c h

      Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o t h i c k e n t h e p r o d u c t t o reduce
s p l a s h i n g , p r o v i d e c u p r e t e n t i o n i n t h e d i s h w a s h e r , and c r e a t e a
s t a b l e suspension o f i n s o l u b l e s ( i . e . phosphate b u i l d e r s ) i n t h i s
AOL f o r m u l a t i o n c o n t a i n i n g c h l o r i n e b l e a c h .

Inqredient:                                                                                     Wt%
01 w a t e r                                                                                  44.75
C a r b o p o l 672 ( 1 )                                                                      1.25
P o t a s s i um h y d r o x i d e ( 4 5 % )                                                   5.00
2 . l r p o t a s s i u m s i l i c a t e (39%) ( 2 )                                         15.00
P o t a s s i urn c a r b o n a t e ( 3 )                                                      5.00
Sodium t r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e ( 4 )                                                  20.00
S o d i um h y p o c h l o r i t e ( 1 2 . 5 C 0 h )                                           8.00
Sodium n - d e c y l d i p h e n y l o x i d e d i s u l f o n a t e ( 4 5 % ) ( 5 )           1.oo

     B r o o k f i e l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20    rpm):     15,000 cps
     P r o d u c t p H : 12-13
     P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

(1    BFGoodri c h
( 2 The P C o r p .
             O
( 3 Armand
(4    FMC C o r p .
( 5 ) O o w C h e m i c a l : Dowfax 382

Procedure:
1 . Use a L i g h t n i n ' M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an
    i m p e l 1e r s u i t a b 1 e f o r g e n e r a l m i x i ng and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
    Screen t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t . 0 t h e v o r t e x o f t h e r a p i d l y
    a g i t a t i n g w a t e r ( 8 0 0 r p m ) . A l l o w t o m i x u n t i l homogeneous
    and f r e e o f p o l y m e r l u m p s .
2 . Add i n t h e p o t a s s i u m h y d r o x i d e a n d p o t a s s i u m s i l i c a t e . M i x
    u n t i l homogeneous. The p r o d u c t w i l l become v e r y t h i c k a t t h i s
    poi n-t.
3 . Add t h e p o t a s s i u m c a r b o n a t e and p h o s p h a t e . M i x u n t i l t h e r e
    a r e no more p h o s p h a t e p a r t i c l e s . H e a t i n g t o 50-60C w i l l
    speed t h i s p r o c e s s .
4 . Add t h e b l e a c h and t h e n t h e s u r f a c t a n t . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
    A d j u s t t h e pH t o 12-13 u s i n g KOH. 00 n o t u s e a c i d t o r e d u c e
    t h e pH, e s p e c i a l l y a f t e r t h e a d d i t i o n o f t h e b l e a c h .
5 . Add c o l o r and f r a g r a n c e , a s d e s i r e d . Cool t h e p r o d u c t t o
    b e l o w 30C t o a v o i d e x c e s s i v e b l e a c h d e c o m p o s i t i o n .

Total Actives:
   Phosphorous c o n t e n t :                  5.0
   S i l i c a t e (as Si02):                   3.9
   C a r b o n a t e ( a s Na2CO3):             3.8
   Ava i 1a b 1e c ti 1o r ine :                1.o

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y C h e m i c a l s : DET-100
30    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                           Clear,      C o l o r l e s s Manual - D i s h Wash

Insredients:                                                                                       Wt%
Water, D . I.                                                                                    57.5
W i t c o l a t e ES-3                                                                           34.2
R e w o t e r i c AM 8-14                                                                          5.0
Ethanol                                                                                            3.0
Sodium C h l o r i d e                                                                             3.3

B l e n d i n g Procedure:
      Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d . D i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y
between each a d d i t i o n .

Comment:
   R e w o t e r i c AM 8-14:         Grease c u t t e r and foam b o o s t e r .
   Formula 1 3 2


                        Powder S t a i n l e s s S i l v e r w a r e Pre-Soak

I n q r e d ie n t s :                                                                             Wt%
Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)                                                                      67.0
P e t r o BAF Powder                                                                              5.0
DeSonic 1 1 N                                                                                    11 . o
T r i sodi u  m Phosphate, Anhydrous                                                              2.0
C a u s t i c Soda Beads                                                                         25.0

61 e n d i ng P r o c e d u r e :
     Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d

Use D i 1u t u i on : 1 o z / g a l
   Formula 1 2 7


                              Low A1 k a l ine Warewashi nq Block

I n q r e d ie n t s :                                                                            W B
Water, D . I .                                                                                   16.0
R.U. S i l i c a t e                                                                             29.0
DeSoni c LFD-97                                                                                   2.0
Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)                                                                      23.0
Sodium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e Code 185                                                  30.0

B l e n d i n g Procedure:
      B l e n d i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d . When s l u r r y i s
produced, p o u r i n t o molds and a l l o w t o harden.
      Formula 1 2 9

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                           Dishwashing Detergents        31



                                    Dish Washi nq Agents
                                  clear, liquid, 25% W A S
                            alkanesulphonate:ethersulphate=4:l

Ingredi e          m
A : H o s t a p u r SAS 6 0                                                                 33.30
    Genapol Z R O l i q u i d                                                               17.90

B: Water                                                                                    48.50
   Preservative                                                                              0.10
   DY e
                                                                                              q.s.
   Perfume                                                                                   0.20

Tests:
   v i s c o s i t y (rnPas) : 75
   C l o u d p o i n t : <-5C


Inqredients:                                                                                     Wto/,
A : H o s t a p u r SAS 60                                                                  33.30
    Genapol ZRO l i q u i d                                                                 17.90

B: Water                                                                                    47.50
   P r e s e r v a t iv e                                                                    0.10
   DYe
                                                                                              q.s.
   Perfume                                                                                   0.20
   Genagen LAB                                                                               1 .oo

Tests:
   V i s c o s i t y (mPas):       100
   Cloud p o i n t : <-5C


Inqredients:
A : H o s t a p u r SAS 60                                                                  33.30
    Genapol ZRO l i q u i d                                                                 17.90

B: Water                                                                                    44.50
   Preservative                                                                                  0.10
   DY e
                                                                                                  9,s.
   Perfume                                                                                       0.20
   Genagen LAB                                                                                   4.00

Tests:
   V i s c o s i t y (mPas): 2 3 0
   C l o u d p o i n t : <-5c

Manufacturing:
  One a f t e r a n o t h e r ,      t h e components o f B a r e added t o A

SOURCE:      Hoechst A k t i e n g e s e l l s c h a f t :   Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
32    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


                                             D i s h Washi nq A g e n t s
                                          C l e a r , liquid, 30% WAS
                               a1 k a n e s u l p h o n a t e : e t h e r s u l p h a t e = 4 : 1

Insredients:                                                                                               W   B
A : H o s t a p u r SAS 60                                                                            40.00
    Genapol Z R O l i q u i d                                                                         21 . 4 0

€3:   Water                                                                                           37.30
      Preservative                                                                                     0.10
                                                                                                        q.s.
      DY e
      Perfume                                                                                          0.20
      Genagen LAB                                                                                      1.oo

Tests:
   V i s c o s i t y (mPas) : 380
   C l o u d p o i n t : <-5C


Inqredients:                                                                                               wtsl,
A : H o s t a p u r SAS 60                                                                            40.00
    Genapol Z R O l i q u i d                                                                         21.40

0 : Water                                                                                             37.30
    Preservative                                                                                       0.10
                                                                                                           q.s.
    DY e
    Perfume                                                                                            0.20
    Hoe S 3924                                                                                         1 .oo

Tests:
   V i s c o s i t y (mPas) : 420
   C l o u d p o i n t : <-5C


Ingredients:                                                                                            wt./,
A : H o s t a p u r SAS 60                                                                            40.00
    Genapol Z R O l i q u i d                                                                         21.40

El:   Water                                                                                           34.30
      P r e s e r v a t iv e                                                                           0.10
      DY e
                                                                                                        q.s.
      Perfume                                                                                          0.20
      Hoe S 3924                                                                                       4.00

Tests:
   V i s c o s i t y (mPas) : 61 0
   C l o u d p o i n t : <-5C

Manufacturing:
  One a f t e r a n o t h e r ,             t h e components o f 8 a r e added t o A .

SOURCE:        Hoechst A k t i e n g e s e l l s c h a f t :           Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                           Dishwashing Detergents      33



                          D i s h Wash w/Am&e           Oxide/LABS/SLES

lngredients:                                                                                  Wtl
Water, D . I .                                                                               66.3
W i t c o n a t e 1240                                                                       10.3
Varox 1770                                                                                    5.3
W i t c o l a t e SE-5                                                                       18.1

81 e n d i ng P r o c e d u r e :
    Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y
between each a d d i t i o n . Add e t h a n o l as needed t o l o w e r v i s c o s i t y .

Typical Properties:
   V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 620
   S o l i d s : 16.8%
   pH: 9 . 1 2
   F o r m u l a 117


                          D i s h Wash w / A m i n e Oxi de/LABS/ALES

I n g r e d i e n t s1
Water, D . I .                                                                               70.0
W i t c o n a t e 1240                                                                       13.8
Varox 1770                                                                                    3.1
W i t c o l a t e LES-6OA                                                                     8.2
Ethanol                                                                                       5.0

B1 end? ng P r o c e d u r e :
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t i o n . A c i d i f y w i t h C i t r i c A c i d t o pH=6.5.

Typical Properties:
   V i s c o s i t y , cps: 4
   S o l i d s : 10.1%
   pH: 6 . 6 8
   F o r m u l a 118


                                  Hand Di shwashi ng L i sui d
                                  __

Ingredients:                                                                                  K%
Water                                                                                       60.0
W i t c o n a t e AOS                                                                       26.0
W i t c a m i de 128T                                                                         4.0
W i t c o l a t e LES-6OC                                                                    10.0

Blendjng Instructions:
     Add a l l i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d ,   m i x i n g w e l l between
a d d i t i ons .
     F o r m u l a 106

SOURCE:      Witco Corp.:         Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
34   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


              Foam B o o s t e r :    Ez-4-5      in Hand D i shwashi na L i q u i d s

       L i q u i d d i s h f o r m u l a t o r s a r e challenged t o produce low c o s t
q u a l i t y p r o d u c t s . Hand d i s h d e t e r g e n t s a r e e x p e c t e d t o foam i n
t h e p r e s e n c e o f f o o d s o i l s , c u t g r e a s e and c l e a n . I n a d d i t i o n ,
a e s t h e t i c s , s k i n m i l d n e s s , and e n v i r o n m e n t a l i m p a c t a r e a l s o
m a j o r p r o d u c t c o n s i d e r a t i o n s . The f o l l o w i n g d a t a i l l u s t r a t e d how
E-14-5 can b e used t o f o r m u l a t e c o s t e f f e c t i v e p r o d u c t s s u i t a b l e
f o r t h e v a r i o u s l i q u i d d i s h soap m a r k e t segments. O p t i m i z e d
l i q u i d d i s h d e t e r g e n t s c o n t a i n i n g E-14-5 p r o v i d e t h e optimum i n
c o s t p e r f o r m a n c e when compared t o a l l o t h e r t y p e s o f foam
b o o s t e r s . A l t h o u g h i t p e r f o r m s w e l l a l o n e , E-14-5 s y n e r g i s t i c a l l y
enhances t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f most t r a d i t i o n a l foam b o o s t e r s a s
i l l u s t r a t e d b e l o w w i t h Coco d i e t h a n o l a m i d e .

                                      Economy Eormul a t i on

I gredi ent s :
  n                                                                                            t%
                                                                                              W.
Deionized water                                                                               59.7
Dodecylbenzene s u l f o n a t e , sodium s a l t , (60% s o l i d s )                        2 5 . 9 ( 15)
L a u r y l a l c o h o l e t h e r s u l f a t e - 4 EO, (60% s o l i d s )                   8.4(5)
Ethyl alcohol                                                                                     0
Tomah E-14-5                                                                                      3
Coco d i e t h a n o l ami de                                                                     3

                                     Standard Formulation

I gredi e
 n                 m                                                                          wt>
Deionized water                                                                               52.9
Dodecylbenzene s u l f o n a t e , sodium s a l t , ( 6 0 % s o l i d s )                     31 . 0 ( 1 8 )
L a u r y l a l c o h o l e t h e r s u l f a t e - 4 E 0 , (60% s o l i d s )                10. l ( 6 )
Ethyl alcohol                                                                                  1.5
Tomah E-14-5                                                                                   3
Coco d i e t h a n o l ami de                                                                  3

                                   90% Premi u m Formul a t ion

Inqredi ents:                                                                               Wt.%
Deionized water                                                                             38.6
Dodecylbenzene s u l f o n a t e , sodium s a l t , (60% s o l i d s )                      38.8(22.5)
L a u r y i a l c o h o e t h e r s u l f a t e - 4 EO, (60% s o l i d s )                  12.6(7.5)
Ethyl alcohol                                                                                4
Tomah E-14-5                                                                                  3
Coco d i e t h a n o ami de

                                      Premi urn _ o r _ u l a t i o n
                                      _  _       F    m     ~       -      ~

I n q r e d i en&                                                                           Wt.%
Deionized water                                                                             28.3
Dodecyl benzene s u l f o n a t e , s o d i um s a l t , (60% s o l i d s )                 46.6( 27)
L a u r y l a l c o h o l e t h e r s u l f a t e - 4 E 0 , (6O0h s o l i d s )             15.1 (9)
Ethyl alcohol                                                                                4
Tomah E-14-5                                                                                 3
Coco d i e t h a n o l ami de                                                                3
SOURCE: Tomah P r o d u c t s , I n c . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                            Dishwashing Detergents      35



                           Hand D i s h D e t e r a e n t F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                       C l e a r D i shwash

IngredienPs 1                                                                                  \N t %
Water                                                                                        12.30
SXS (4O%j                                                                                     8.00
C12 A i f a O i e f in s u i f o n a t e ( 2 8 . 7 5 % s o i i d s j                         52.50
Lauryl e t h e r s u l f a t e - 3E0 (27.5% s o l i d s )                                    18.20
Tomah AO-728 S p e c i a l                                                                    6.00
NaCl*                                                                                         3.00

M i x i ng I n s t r u c t i o n s :
     Add t h e i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h i s o r d e r .
     M i x u n t i l homogeneous a f t e r each a d d i t i o n

     SpG 2 0 / 2 0 C : 1 . 0 5
     pH: 6
     V i s c o s i t y : 505 c p s ( B r o o k f i e i d LVT 3 0 rpm s p i n d l e number 2)

NOTES:     *Add more N a c l t o i n c r e a s e v i s c o s i t y .


                                                                  __
                                     P e a r i e s c e n t U i shwash

ingredients:                                                                                  WLL7O
Water                                                                                        54.40
Dodecyibenzene s u i f o n a t e ( 6 0 % s o l i d s )                                       25.00
C a u r y i e t h e r s u l f a t e - 4 E 0 (60% s o i i d s j                                8 . 30
O p a c i f i e r L a t e x (4OWja                                                            0.04
P e a r l i z i n g Agent ( 4 7 % j * *                                                       2.30
Tomah A0-728 S p e c i a i                                                                    4.00
Tomah A m p h o t e r i c L                                                                   6.00

Mixing Instructions:
   Add t h e i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h i s o r d e r .
   M i x u n t i i homogeneous a f t e r each a d d i t i o n .

     SpG 2 0 / 2 0 C : 1 . 0 3
     PH:    6.5
     V i s c o s i t y : 1363 c p s ( B r o o k f i e l d LVT,    12 rpm,       s p i n d l e number

NOTES:      *   L y t r o n 295 Mortor! i n t e r n a t i o n a l
           **   E u p e r i a n PK-771, Henkei

SOURCE: Tomah P r o d u c t s , f n c . :         Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
36    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                   Hand D i s h w a s h i n g L i q u i d

      C a r b o p o l r e s i n s c a n be used t o b u i l d r h e o l o g y i n p l a c e o f
u s i n g h i g h e r s u r f a c t a n t l e v e l s . T h i s w i l l improve t h e s k i n f e e l
and m i l d n e s s . A d d i t i o n a l l y , because o f t h e i r h i g h y i e l d v a l u e ,
t h e use o f Carbopol r e s i n s w i l l i n c r e a s e foam s t a b i l i t y .

Inqredient:                                                                                       Q
D I Water                                                                                       38.11
Carbopol ETD 2623 ( 1 )                                                                          0.70
5 8 0 0 MW p o l y a c r y l i c a c i d ( 2 )                                                   4.00
A l p h a s u l f o m e t h y l e s t e r (37%) ( 3 )                                           27.03
TEA (99%)                                                                                        5.50
Sodium l a u r y l e t h e r s u l f a t e (28%) ( 4 )                                          17.86
Coconut d i e t h a n o l ami de ( 5 )                                                           2.00

B r o o k f i e l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20    rpm):     400-600       cps
P r o d u c t pH: 6 . 0 - 7 . 0
Product c l a r i t y : Clear

( 1 ) BFGoodrich
( 2 ) BFGoodrich: Good-Rite K-7058
( 3 ) Stepan Co.: A l p h a s t e p ML-40
( 4 ) Henkel C o r p . : S t a n d a p o l ES-3
( 5 ) Stepan C o . : N i n o l 11-CM

Procedure:
1 . Use a L i g h t n i n ' M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an
    i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s
    P r e h e a t t h e w a t e r t o 40-5OC. Screen t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o
    t h e v o r t e x o f t h e r a p i d l y a g i t a t i n g w a t e r (800 r p m ) . A l l o w
    t o m i x f o r a t l e a s t 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l homogeneous and f r e e
    o f p o l y m e r lumps.
2 . Add i n t h e l o w m o l e c u l a r w e i g h t p o l y a c r y l a t e w i t h c o n s t a n t
    mixing.
3 . Add i n t h e ASME s u r f a c t a n t w i t h a l o w l e v e l o f a g i t a t i o n
    t o a v o i d e x c e s s i v e foam g e n e r a t i o n .
4 . Add i n t h e TEA, l a u r y l e t h e r s u l f a t e , and c o c o n u t DEA.
5 . A d j u s t t h e pH u s i n g TEA t o r e a c h t h e t a r g e t r a n g e . Add c o l o r
    and p e r f u m e , a s d e s i r e d . Cool b a t c h t o room t e m p e r a t u r e .

Total Actives:
   Alpha s u l f o methyl e s t e r :                 10.00
   Sodium l a u r y l e t h e r s u l f a t e :        5.00
   Coconut d i e t h a n o l a m i d e :               2.00
   5 8 0 0 MW p o l y a c r y l i c a c i d :          2.00

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y C h e m i c a l s :       DET-I10
                                                                            Dishwashing Detergents       37



                                    Hand Dishwashina P a s t e

      Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o t h i c k e n and suspend i n s o l u b l e s i n
t h i s hand d i s h w a s h i n g p a s t e . A d d i t i o n a l l y , because o f t h e i r h i g h
y i e l d v a l u e , t h e use o f Carbopol r e s i n s w i l l i n c r e a s e t h e foam
s t a b i 1it y .

I n a r e d ient :                                                                                Wt%
D I water                                                                                      41.50
Carbopol 672 ( 1 )                                                                              1 .oo
A l k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n i c a c i d (9796) ( 2 )                                   17.00
          m
Sodi u h y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                  5.00
2 . 4 r sodium s i l i c a t e (52%) ( 3 )                                                      7.50
Sodium t r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e ( 4 )                                                   15.00
Sodium c a r b o n a t e                                                                        5.00
Sodium o l e f i n s u l f o n a t e (40%) (5)                                                  8.00

       B r o o k f i e l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20 rpm) : 75,000 cps
       P r o d u c t pH: 10-11
       P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

( 1)  BFGoodri ch
(2)   Stepan Co.: B i o s o f t S-100
(3)   The PO Corp.
(4)    M
      F C Corp.
( 5 ) Stepan Go.: E i o t e r g e AS-40

Procedure:
1 . Use a L i g h t n i n ’ M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an
    i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t o n s .
    Screen t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e v o r t e x o f t h e r a p i d l y
    a g i t a t i n g w a t e r (800 r p m ) . A l l o w t o m i x u n t i l homogeneou
    and f r e e o f polymer lumps.
2 . Add t h e s u l f o n i c a c i d w i t h c o n t i n u o u s a a i t a t i o n .
3 . Add t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e and sodium s i l i c a t e w i t h c o n t i n u o u s
    a g i t a t i on. M i x u n t i1 homogeneous.
4 . S l o w l y , add t h e phosphate. M i x u n t i l homogeneous and f r e e o f
    phosphate p a r t i c l e s . H e a t i n g t h e p r o d u c t t o 50-60C w i l l speed
    up t h i s p r o c e s s .
5 . Add t h e sodium c a r b o n a t e and o l e f i n s u l f o n a t e . M i x u n t i l
    homogeneous.
6 . A d d c o l o r and f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

T o t a l A c t ives :
      Phosphorous c o n t e n t :                              3.7
     S i l i c a t e (as Si02):                                2.7
     Carbonate ( a s Na2C03):                                  5.0
     Sodium o l e f i n s u l f o n a t e :                    3.2
     Sodium a l k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n a t e :       17.6

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:                 DET-111




                                                          1
38    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


                     L i g h t Duty Liquid,          Premium Hand D i s h w a s h

Ingredients:                                                                                      Wt%
Water, D . I .                                                                                  30.2
W i t c o l a t e SE-5                                                                          21.7
W i t c o n a t e 1260 S l u r r y                                                              36.7
W i t c a m i de 128T                                                                            5.0
P e t r o LBA L i q u i d                                                                        1.9
Sodium S u l f a t e                                                                             2.6
Ethanol                                                                                          1.8
Formal i n                                                                                       0.1
P e r f u m e , Dye                                                                              9,s.

81 e n d i n g P r o c e d u r e :
     B l e n d i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d . A d j u s t pH t o 6 . 5 - 7 . 0
using C i t r i c Acid.

Typical Properties:
   V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 230
   A p p e a r a n c e : C1 e a r L i q u i d
   F o r m u l a 113


                     L i g h t D u t y L i q u i d Low C o s t Hand D i s h w a s h

Ingredients:.
W a t e r , D . I.                                                                              81 . 5
W i t c o l a t e SE-5                                                                            5.5
W i t c o n a t e 1260 S l u r r y                                                                9.2
W i t c a m i d e 128T                                                                            1.2
P e t r o LBA L i q u i d                                                                         0.5
Sodium C h l o r i d e                                                                            2.0
Formal i n                                                                                        0.1
Perfume, Dye                                                                                      q.s.

Blending Procedure:
   Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e order l i s t e d . A d j u s t pH=6.5-7.0
using C i t r i c Acid.

Typical Properties:
   V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 170
   Appearance: C l e a r L i q u i d
   Formula 116

SOURCE:      Witco Corp.:            Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                              Dishwashing Detergents        39



                        Liquid Automatic Dishwasher Deterqent

      T h i s f o r m u l a t i o n f e a t u r e s Van Gel ES, magnesium aluminum
s i l i c a t e , as a s u s p e n d i n g a g e n t and r h e o l o g y m o d i f i e r . The
sodium h y p o c h l o r i t e f u n c t i o n s as a d i s i n f e c t a n t , c l e a n i n g a g e n t
and b l e a c h . Sodium m e t a s i l i c a t e a d j u s t s t h e f o r m u l a p H . The
p h o s p h a t e b l e n d p r o v i d e s d e t e r g e n c y and t h e s u r f a c t a n t s
contribute excellent r i n s a b i l i t y .

Inqredi ents:                                                                                     Wt%
A : Van Gel ES                                                                                  4.00
    D e i o n i z e d Water                                                                    53.00

B : T e t r a p o t a s s i u m P y r o p h o s p h a t e , t e c h n i c a l powder           10.00
    Sodi um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e , t e c h n i c a l powder                         20.00

C:   Sodium M e t a a s i l i c a t e . Anhydrous                                                2.00
     Sodium H y p o c h l o r i t e , 1 2 . 5 % s o l n .                                        8.00

D:   Sodium X y l e n e s u l f o n a t e                                                        2.25
     Deceth-4-Phosphate                                                                          0.75

Procedure:
       P r e h e a t t h e w a t e r t o 5 5 t o 60C. H y d r a t e t h e Van Gel ES
s l o w l y b y a d d i n g i t t o t h e a v a i l a b l e w a t e r u s i n g a h i g h speed
d i s p e r s e r . Preblend B i n g r e d i e n t s , Add B t o A s l o w l y w i t h
m i x i n g . M i x u n t i l u n i f o r m . Add C i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r
l i s t e d , mixing u n t i l dissolved. Continue mixing w h i l e c o o l i n g
r a p i d l y t o 25C. F i n a l l y , combine D i n g r e d i e n t s and add w h i l e
m i x i n g s l o w l y u n t i l smooth and u n i f o r m ( a v o i d i n c o r p o r a t i o n
of air).

C o n s i s t e n c y and pH:
     Pumpable l i q u i d , V i s c o s i t y 1300-1800 c p s , B r o o k f i e l d Model
LVT, S p i n d l e 4 a t 60 rpm measured a t room t e m p e r a t u r e a f t e r
3 0 days a g i n g ; pH a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1 2 . 5 .

Suggested P a c k a g i n g : Squeeze b o t t l e o r pump.

SOURCE:      R.T.     V a n d e r b i l t Co.,    Inc.:     F o r m u l a t i o n No. 438
 40   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                    Manual D i shwashi n q G e l

F u n c t i o n s & B e n e f i t s : C a r b o p o l EX-473:
     * v i s c o s i t y m o d i f i e r f o r h i g h s u r f a c t a n t systems, independent
       o f surfactant type
     *provides high c l a r i t y across s u r f a c t a n t l e v e l
     * i m p a r t s y i e l d v a l u e f o r s u s p e n s i o n o f , f o r i n s t a n c e , encap-
       sulated actives
     * a b i l i t y t o p o s t - t h i c k e n t r a d i t i o n a l s a l t - t h i c k e n e d systems
     *easy-to-use,            odorless, l i q u i d form

i n i r e d l ent :                                                                                Wt%
DI w a t e r                                                                                     37.50
C a r b o p o l EX-473 ( 3 0 % ) *                                                               10.00
Sodium c i t r a t e                                                                              0.50
Sodium h y d r o x i d e ( 1 8 % )                                                                2.00
Ammonium l a u r y l s u l f a t e (30%)**                                                       25.00
Sodium l a u r y l e t h e r s u l f a t e (30%)***                                              25.00

      * V i s c o s i t y modi f i e r : B F G o o d r i c h
   * * A n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t : Standapol A : Stepan Chemical
 * * * A n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t : S t a n d a p o l ES-3: S t e p a n C h e m i c a l

P h y s i c a l P r o p e r t i es :
     B r o o k f i e l d RVT v i s c o s i t y - 2 0 rpm: 8 , 0 0 0 C P
     P r o d u c t pH: 6 . 5 - 7 . 0
     Product c l a r i t y : c l e a r

Procedure:
1 . U s i n g s l o w a g i t a t i o n ( 2 0 0 rpm) p r o v i d e d b y a L i g h - t n i n ' m i x e r
    o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n - i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e f o r
    g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i ng o p e r a t i o n s , add t h e C a r b o p o l
    EX-473 r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x u n t i l u n i f o r m a n d
    homogeneous.
2 . Add t h e sodium c i t r a t e . M i x u n t i l t h e sodium c i t r a t e i s
    completely dissolved.
3 . A d j u s t t h e pH w i t h sodium h y d r o x i d e t o d e s i r e d pH.
4. Add t h e l a u r y l s u l f a t e and l a u r y l e t h e r s u l f a t e s u r f a c t a n t s
    w i t h s l o w m i x i n g t o a v o i d e x c e s s i v e foam g e n e r a t i o n .
5 . Check pH, r e a d j u s t w i t h a d d i t i o n a l s o d i u m h y d r o x i d e i f
    necessary.
6 . Add f r a g r a n c e and c o l o r , a s d e s i r e d .

SOURCE:        BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:              DET-130
                                                                             Dishwashing Detergents          41



                                 _ _ D i shwashi nq L i q u i d
                                 Manual

F u n c t i o n s B B e n e f i t s : Carbopol EX-473:
     * v i s c o s i t y m o d i f i e r f o r h i g h s u r f a c t a n t systems, i n d e p e n d e n t
       o f surfactant type
     *provides h i g h c l a r i t y across s u r f a c t a n t l e v e l
     * i m p a r t s y i e l d v a l u e f o r s u s p e n s i o n o f , f o r i n s t a n c e , encap-
       sulated actives
     * a b i l i t y t o p o s t - t h i c k e n t r a d i t i o n a l s a l t - t h i c k e n e d systems
     *easy-to-use,            odorless, l i q u i d form

I n g r e d i en t .                                                                               yt%
DI w a t e r                                                                                    43.00
Carbopol EX-473 ( 3 0 % )                                                                        5.50
Ammonium l a u r y l s u l f a t e (30%)*                                                       25.00
Sodium l a u r y l e t h e r s u l f a t e ( 3 0 % ) * +                                        25.00
Sodium c i t r a t e                                                                             0.50
Sodium h y d r o x i d e (18%)                                                                   I .oo

     * A n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t : S t a r i d a p o l A : Stepari Chemical
   * * A n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t : S t a n d a p o l ES-3: Stepan Chemical

Physical Properties:
  B r o o k f i e l d R V T v i s c o s i t y - 2 0 rpm: 5 0 0 CP
  Product pH: 6.5-7.0
  Product c l a r i t y : Clear

Procedure:
1 . Using slow a g i t a t i o n (200 r p m ) provided by a L i g h t n i n ' Mixer
    o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e f o r
    g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , add t h e C a r b o p o l
    E X - 4 7 3 r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x u n t i l u n i f o r m and
    homogeneous.
2 . Add t h e l a u r y l s u l f a t e and l a u r y l e t h e r s u l f a t e s u r f a c t a n t s
    w i t h s l o w m i x i n g t o a v o i d e x c e s s i v e foam g e n e r a t i o n .
3 . Add t h e sodium c i t r a t e , M i x u n t i l t h e sodium c i t i - a t e i s
    completely dissolved.
4 . A d j u s t t h e p H w i t h sodium h y d r o x i d e .
5 . Add f r a g r a n c e and c o l o r , a s d e s i r e d .

SOURCE:        BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y C h e m i c a l s :    DET-120
42   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


           N o n - C h l o r i n a t e d M a c h i n e D i s h w a s h i n q Compound,   Liquid

I n Q r e d ie n t s :                                                                            \Mt%
Water, D . I .                                                                                79.5
Sodi um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e                                                        2.0
Versene 2 2 0 , Powder                                                                            1   .o
Sodi um G1 u c o n a t e                                                                          1.o
Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e , P e n t a h y d r a t e                                          7.0
C a u s t i c Soda 50%                                                                            8.5
P e t r o ULF L i q u i d                                                                         1 .o

81 e n d i ng P r o c e d u r e :
     Add a l l components i n t h e o r d e r shown,                  m i x i n g w e l l between
a d d i t i ons.
     F o r m u l a 109


              C h l o r i n a t e d M a c h i n e D i shwashi n q Compound,          Powder

Ingredients:
Sodi um C a r b o n a t e (Soda A s h ) , L i g h t D e n s i t y                             30.0
Sodi um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (STPP) , L i g h t D e n s i t y                      25.0
DeSoni c LFD-97                                                                                1. o
Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e , Anhydrous                                                    30.0
C a u s t i c Soda Beads                                                                      10.0
CDB C l e a r o n                                                                              4.0

Blending Procedure:
   Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e order l i s t e d , mixing thoroughly w i t h
each a d d i t i o n .
   F o r m u l a 111


           N o n - C h l o r i n a t e d M a c h i n e D i shwashi n g Compound.         Powder

Inqredi ents:                                                                                  Wt%
Sodi um C a r b o n a t e (Soda A s h ) , L i g h t D e n s i t y                             33.0
Sodium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e (STPP), L i g h t D e n s i t y                        25.0
DeSoni c LFD-97                                                                                2.0
Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e , Anhydrous                                                    30.0
C a u s t i c Soda Beads                                                                      10.0

Blending Procedure:
      Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e order l i s t e d ,       mixing thoroughly
w i t h each a d d i t i o n .
      F o r m u l a 112

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                           Dishwashing Detergents     43



                         P r e m i um Hand D i shwashi ng D e t e r q e n t

Inqredients:                                                                                    Wt%
Water, D . I .                                                                                  6.9
A1 p h a - S t e p MC-48                                                                       56.0
S t e o l CS-330                                                                               30.0
N i n o l 30-LL o r N i n o l 40-CO                                                             5.6
Sodium C h l o r i d e                                                                          1.5

P r o p e r t i es :
     Appearance: C l e a r y e l l o w l i q u i d
     pH, as i s : 6 . 5 - 7 . 5
     V i s c o s i t y @ 25 deg. C , c p s : 220
     S o l i d s , % : 39-40
     Density, l b s / g a l : 8 . 8
     Freeze/thaw, 3 c y c l e s : Pass
     C o l d s t o r a g e @ 4 deg. C . , 2 weeks:            Pass
     F l a s h p o i n t , deg. F: >200

M i x i n g Procedure:
     CHarge w a t e r . Add MC-48 and CS-330 and m i x . Add 30-LL o r 40-CO
and m i x u n t i l homogeneous. S l o w l y add sodium c h l o r i d e t o t h i c k e n .
M i x u n t i l c l e a r . A d j u s t p H w i t h s u l f u r i c a c i d o r sodium h y d r o x i d e
as n e c e s s a r y .

Comment :
      The s u r f a c t a n t s used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n a r e d e r i v e d f r o m
o l e o c h e m i c a l r e s o u r c e s and a r e b i o d e g r a d a b l e .

SOURCE:      Stepan C o . :     F o r m u l a t i o n No. 173


                         D i s h Washina A q e n t s f o r Manual Use

Inqredi ents:
Water                                                                                     79.0
Lumorol 4154                                                                              12.0
Z e t e s o l NL                                                                           6.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                      1.o
Sodium c h l o r i d e                                                             approx. 2 . 0
F o r m u l a t i o n CT 02-01-04

m e d ien t s :                                                                                 Wt%
Water                                                                                         76.5
Z e t e s o l 2056                                                                            20.0
Amphotensid B 4                                                                                2.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                          1.o
P u r t o n CFD                                                                                0.5
F o r m u l a t i o n CT-02-01-05

SOURCE:      Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & C o . :                  Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
5 General Purpose
 .




           44
                                                                         General Purpose Cleaners          45



                               Abrasive Cleaner w i t h Bleach

      Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o a c h i e v e a s t a b l e s u s p e n s i o n o f
t h e c a l c i u m carbonate a b r a s i v e o a r t i c l e s i n t h e presence o f
c h l o r i n e bleach

lnqredient :                                                                                    Wt%
DI[ Water                                                                                    53.76
Carbopol 674 o r 691*                                                                         0.80
Good-Rite K-7058 (50%)**                                                                      2.00
         m
Sodi u h y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                2.80
2 . 4 ~   sodium s i l i c a t e (52%)                                                        2.50
Sodium h y p o c h l o r i t e (14%)                                                          7.14
C a l c i urn c a r b o n a t e * * *                                                        30.00
Sodium n - d e c y l d i p h e n y l o x i d e d i s u l f o n a t e (45%    ****              1 .oo

       *Suspension a i d : BFGoodrich
     * * A n t i - r e d e p o s i t i o n : BFGoodrich
  + * + A b r a s i v e : W h i t e #8 ( G e o r g i a M a r b l e )
* * * * A n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t : Dowfax 382 (Dow Chemi

Physi ea9 P r o p e r t i e s :
     B r o o k f i e l d RVT v i s c o s i t y   -   20 rpm: 3,960 c p
     Product pH: 12-13
     P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

~              ~              ~              ~             ~             d              ~              r        ~
1 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n (800 rpm) p r o v i d e d by a L i g h t n i n '
     M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t -
     a b l e f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
     s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
     f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
     eous
2.   Add t h e low m o l e c u l a r w e i g h t p o l y a c r y l a t e p o l y m e r f o l l o w e d
     by t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e and sodium s i l i c a t e . M i x u n t i l
     homogeneous.
3.   Reduce a g i t a t i o n speed and add t h e sodium h y p o c h l o r i t e b l e a c h .
     (The p r o d u c t w i l l d r o p i n v i s c o s i t y a t t h i s p o i n t . )
4.   Add t h e c a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e and f i n a l l y t h e s u r f a c t a n t w i t h
     c o n s t a n t a g i t a t i o n . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
5.   Add f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

               FGoedrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:            DET-343
46    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                            A b r a s i v e Cleaner W i t h o u t     B1 each
     Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n t o a c h i e v e a
s t a b l e suspension o f t h e h i g h l o a d i n g o f c a l c i u m carbonate
abrasives      .
Insredient:                                                                                        Wt%
D I Water                                                                                      62.10
Ethanol                                                                                         2.00
Carbopol 674 ( 1 )                                                                              0.60
Sodium h y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                  1 .00
Sodium b i c a r b o n a t e                                                                    1.20
Calcium carbonate ( 2 )                                                                        30.00
C12-15 1in e a r a1 coho1 , 3 moles EO ( 3 )                                                    2.50
Coconut d i e t h a n o l ami de ( 4 )                                                          0.60

     B r o o k f ie l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20    rpm) : 4,500        cps
     P r o d u c t pH: 8-10
     P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

( 1 ) BFGoodr ich
( 2 ) G e o r g i a M a r b l e Co.: G e o r g i a M a r b l e W h i t e # 8
( 3 ) S h e l l Chemical: Neodol 25-3
( 4 ) Stepan Co.: N i n o l 11-CM

Procedure:
1 . Add t h e e t h a n o l t o t h e w a t e r - h o l d i n g back 10 p a r t s o f w a t e r
    f o r s t e p #3.
2 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n (800 rpm) p r o v i d e d by a L i g h t n i n ’
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r s c r e e n
    t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r / e t h a n o l m i x t u r e . M i x t h e
    s l u r r y for a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s
    homogeneous.
3 . P r e p a r e a n e u t r a l i z i n g s o l u t i o n o f t h e 10 p a r t s o f w a t e r w i t h
    t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e and sodium b i c a r b o n a t e . Add t h i s t o t h e
    m i x t u r e formed above and m i x u n t i l homogeneous.
4 . Add t h e c a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e , a l c o h o l e t h o x y l a t e and coconut QEA.
    M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
5 . Add f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

Total Actives:
              m
   C a l c i u carbonate:                                      30.0
   C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l ,      3 moles EO:          2.5
   Coconut DEA:                                                 0.6

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:               DET-340
                                                                      General Purpose Cleaners    47



                                     A l l Purpose C l e a n e r

Ingredients:                                                                        Wei q h t %
Urea                                                                                    2.00
Na4EOTA                                                                                 2.00
Water                                                                                 88.00
2990 Ammonia                                                                            1 .oo
C a l s o f t L-40                                                                      5.00
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                 2.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
   F o r m u l a t i o n APC-001-01


                                     A l l Purpose C l e a n e r

Ingredients:                                                                        Wei q h t %
Na4EDTA                                                                                 4.00
Water, Perfume                                                                        84.00
Dowanol DPnB                                                                            4.00
C a l s o f t L-40                                                                      8.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Compare t o M r . C l e a n , a t r a d e m a r k o f P r o c t o r & Gamble.
   F o r m u l a t i o n APC-002-01


                                     A l l Purpose C l e a n e r

Inqredi ent s :                                                                     Wei q h t %
d - L i monene                                                                        40.00
Calamide C                                                                              4.00
Calamide C T  W                                                                         4.00
Cal imu1 se PRS                                                                       10.00
Water                                                                                 42.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . Add i n g r e d i e n t s f i r s t and m i x .
2 . Add w a t e r s l o w l y .
3 . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
    F o r m u l a t i o n APC-005-01


                                     A l l Purpose C l e a n e r

Inqredi ents:                                                                       Weight%
Water                                                                                85.00
Calamide C T
           W                                                                         15.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Formula t h i c k e n s e f f e c t i v e l y .
   F o r m u l a t i on APC-003-01

SOURCE: P i l o t Chemical C o . :           Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
48    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                     A l l Purpose C l e a n e r
Inqredients:                                                                     Wei q h t %
Na4EDTA                                                                              5.00
Water                                                                              77.50
Calamide C                                                                           2.50
Calamide C T  W                                                                      2.50
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                     2.50
Laurami ne O x i d e                                                               10.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
   F o r m u l a t i o n APC-006-01


                                     A l l Purpose C l e a n e r

Inqredients:                                                                     Wei q h t %
Na4EDTA                                                                              5.00
Water                                                                               76.10
50% NaOH                                                                             0.80
Cal s o f t LAS-99                                                                   2.80
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                     5.30
Calamide C                                                                           5.00
Calamide C T  W                                                                      5.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
   F o r m u l a t i o n APC-007-01


                            A l l Purpose C l e a n e r - No R i n s e

Inqredients:                                                                     Weight%
Water                                                                             89.00
C a l f a x 1OL-45                                                                  3.00
Na4 EDTA                                                                            3.00
E t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monobutyl E t h e r                                     3.00
Calamide C T     W                                                                  2.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Spray a s i s , t h e n w i p e w i t h a p a p e r t o w e l .
   F o r m u l a t i o n APC-008-01

SOURCE: P i l o t Chemical Co.:              Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                              General Purpose Cleaners   49



                                         A 1 1- P u r p o s e C 1 e a n e r

Composi t ion :
K e l z a n x a n t h a n gum                                                                      0.3
A1 ip a l CD-128                                                                                   1.7
G a f a m i d e CDD 518                                                                            0.5
B u t y l C e l l o s o l ve                                                                       3.5
S o d i urn M e t a s i 1 ic a t e                                                                 1.7
T r i s o d i urn P h o s p h a t e                                                                1.o
Water, Perfume                                                                                    91.3

Procedure:
     P r e p a r e w a t e r s o l u t i o n o f K e l z a n x a n t h a n gum b y a d d i n g t h e
powder s l o w l y t o t h e s i d e o f t h e v o r t e x w i t h c o n s t a n t a g i t a t i o n .
Add o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s as i n d i c a t e d . F o r a e r o s o l u s e , c h a r g e w i t h
a p p r o x i m a t e l y 85 p e r c e n t c o n c e n t r a t i o n a n d 15 p e r c e n t G e n e t r o n
12.


                              A
                              -ll-Purpose          D i s i n f e c t a n t Cleaner

Composi ti=                                                                                        Q
K e l z a n x a n t h a n gum                                                                      0.5
Makon 1 0                                                                                         10.0
Sodium T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e                                                             3.0
V e r s e n e 100                                                                                  3.0
Hyarnine 1 O X                                                                                     1.o
Water                                                                                             82.5

Procedure:
     P r e p a r e w a t e r s o l u t i o n o f K e l z a n x a n t h a n gum b y a d d i n g t h e
powder s l o w l y t o t h e s i d e o f t h e v o r t e x w i t h c o n s t a n t a g i t a t i o n .
Add o t h e r i n g r e d i e n t s a s i n d i c a t e d . F o r a e r o s o l u s e , c h a r g e w i t h
a p p r o x i m a t e l y 85 p e r c e n t c o n c e n t r a t i o n and 15 p e r c e n t G e n e t r o n
12.

SOURCE: M o n s a n t o P e r f o r m a n c e M a t e r i a l s : K e l z a n S u g g e s t e d
               Formulations

                                         A l l Purpose C l e a n e r

l n q r e d i en&                                                                                 Wt%
R h o d a t e r g e SMC                                                                             10
STPP                                                                                                 2
Water                                                                                               88

SOURCE:       Rhone-Poulenc           Surfactants & Specialties:                     Suggested
              Formulations
50    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                  A l l Purpose C l e a n e r w/Amide/Phosphate          Ester

Innredi ents:                                                                          Wt%
W a t e r , D.I.                                                                      83.0
Tetrapotassium Pyrophosphate                                                           5.0
Varami de A-1 0                                                                       10.0
Emphos 5AP                                                                             2.0

81 e n d i ng P r o c e d u r e :
    Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t i o n .
Typical Properties:
    V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 145
    S o l i d s : 17.0%
    pH: 8 . 8
Formula 514


                                       A l l Purpose C l e a n e r

Ingredients:                                                                            wto/,
Water                                                                                 56.0
W i t c o n a t e 1 2 6 0 S1 u r r y                                                  38.5
Witcamide 6445                                                                         5.5

Blending Procedure:
   B1 end i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r 1 is t e d .
Typical Properties:
   V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 670
   Sol i d s : 33.0%
   pH, as i s : 9 . 2
Formula 520


                                          A1 1 Purpose C l e a n e r

Ingredients:                                                                           W S
Water                                                                                 90.0
Sodi um T r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e                                                2.0
C a u s t i c Soda, 50%                                                                0.5
W i t c o 12988                                                                        2.0
W i t c a m i de 6 4 4 5                                                               5.0
Perfume, Dye                                                                           q.s.

Blending Procedure:
     Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n order l i s t e d .
T y p i c a l P r o p e r t ie s :
     Speci f ic G r a v i t y : 1 . 0 2 0 6
     Wt./Gal. l b s . : 8 . 5
     pH, as i s : 9 . 1 2
     V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 107
     Color: Beige
Use D i l u t i o n : 1 - 2 o z . / G a l .
Formula 535
SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                             General Purpose Cleaners     51



                               A l l Purpose C l e a n e r C o n c e n t r e
                                   (Phosphate, - L i q u i d ,        Foam)

      S o i 1 - G r e a s e and o i 1
      Surface-Paint, polymeric, metal
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Spray
      Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composi t i n     o :                                                                             Wt%
Water                                                                                            78.1
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                              2.4
TKPP ( 6 0 % )                                                                                    3.0
*Phosphate E s t e r                                                                              3.0
* * D i p r o p y l e n e G l y c o l Monomethyl E t h e r                                        6.0
* * * O c t y l p h e n o x y P o l y e t h o x y e t h a n o l , 9-10 M o l e s E O              5.0
****Octylphenoxy                P o l y e t h o x y e t h a n o l , 5 M o l e s EO                2.5

Use D i l u t i o n : Normal D u t y - 1 . 5 % bw ( 2 o z / g a l l o n )
                      Heavy D u t y - 2 . 5 % b w ( 3 . 3 o z / g a l 1on)
                      Tough D u t y - a s s u p p l i e d

*        Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a f a c RE-610
**(      Dow, A r c 0 C h e m i c a l
***      Rhone-Poulenc I g e p a l CA-630
****     Rhone-Poulenc I g e p a l CA-520


                                     A l l Purpose C o n c e n t r a t e
                                         (Phosphate,         Liquid1

      S o i 1 - G r e a s e and o i 1
      Surface-Paint, polymeric, metal
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Wipe o r b r u s h
      Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composi t i on :                                                                                  wto/,
Water                                                                                          78.75
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                            1 .oo
TKPP                                                                                            3.00
Sodium X y l e n e S u l f o n a t e , 40%                                                      3.50
*Ethylene Glycol n-Butyl Ether                                                                  6.00
Pine O i l                                                                                       0.25
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-Cl3, 6 . 5 M o l e s EO)                5.00
* * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-Cl5, 3 M o l e s EO)                  2.50

Use D i 1u t i o n :     1 . 5 - 3 . 0 % bw ( 2 - 4 o z / g a l l o n )

*       Dow C h e m i c a l , U n i o n C a r b i d e
*l      Rhone-Poul enc R h o d a s u r f LA-7
*S*     Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f A-24

SOURCE:       PQ C o r p . :     D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
52    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


             Calcium Carbonate A b r a s i v e Cleaner W i t h o u t Bleach

     Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n t o a c h i e v e a
s t a b l e suspension o f t h e h i g h l o a d i n g o f c a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e
abrasives      .
I n q r e d ie n t :
D I Water                                                                                     62.10
Carbopol ETD 2623 ( 1 )                                                                        0.25
Sodium h y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                 0.20
C12-I5 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 3 moles EO ( 2 )                                            1.50
Sodium a l k y l benzene s u l f o n a t e ( 3 )                                               0.50
Calcium carbonate ( 4 )                                                                       30.00

P h y s i c a l P r o p e r t ies :
     B r o o k f i e l d V i s c o s i t y (RVT-20   rpm):     7,500 c p
     P r o d u c t pH: 8-10
     P r o d u c t C l a r i t y : Opaque

Raw M a t e r i a l S u p p l i e r s :
   ( 1 ) BFGoodrich
   ( 2 ) S h e l l Chemical Co.: Neodol 25-3
   ( 3 ) Stepan Co. : Nacconol SQG
   ( 4 ) Georgia Marble C o . : Georgia Marble White #8

Procedure:
1 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n (800 rpm) p r o v i d e d b y a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t -
    a b l e f o r g e n e r a l m i x i ng and b l endi ng o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e
    o r s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e
    s l u r r y f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s or u n t i l t h e s l u r r y
    i s homogeneous.
2. Add t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e t o r e a c h t a r g e t pli. The p r o d u c t
    w i l l become v e r y t h i c k a t t h i s p o i n t .
3 . Add t h e a l c o h o l e t h o x y l a t e and a l k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n a t e s u r f -
    a c t a n t s . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
4 . Add t h e c a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
5. Add f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

Total Actives:
   Calcium carbonate:                                30.00
   C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 3 moles EO: 1.50
   Sodium a1 k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n a t e :  0.50

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:              BET-341
                                                                       General Purpose Cleaners          53



                                      C i t r i c A c i d Cleaner

F u n c t i a n e 8 B e n e f i t s : Carbopol ETD 2623:
     * P r o v i d e s l o w p H t h i c k e n i n g v i a hydrogen b o n d i n g w i t h s u r f -
       actant
     * I m p a r t s y i e l d v a l u e f o r suspension o f a b r a s i v e p a r t i c l e s
     *Provides v e r t i c a l c l i n g f o r increased s u r f a c e c o n t a c t t i m e
     *Shear t h i n n i n g r h e o l o g y f o r easy d i s p e n s i n g t h r o u g h t r i g g e r
         sprayer o r nozzle
     * E a s y - t o - d i s p e r s e r e s i n f o r improved and e a s i e r f u l l - s c a l e
         processing

Inqiredi e n t :                                                                               Wt%
DI Water                                                                                    78.40
Carbopo? ETD 2623 R e s i n *                                                                0.10
C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 3 moles EO**                                              5.00
C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 moles EO***                                         2.50
Alkylbenzene s u l f o n i c acid****                                                        2.00
C i t r i c A c i d (50%)                                                                   12.00

       *V iscos ity modi f ie r : BFGoodr ic h
    s W o n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t : Neodol 25-3: She1 1 Chemical
  >N**Nonionic s u r f a c t a n t : Neodol 23-6.5:               S h e l l Chemical
* * r * A n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t : B i o s o f t 5-100: Stepan

P h y s i c a l P r o p e r t iee:                                   S t o r a g e Temperature
                                                                     25C
                                                                     -.                        5oc
     B r o o k f i e l d RVT v i s c o s i t y - 2 0 rpm:
           Initial:                                                50cP                      50cP
     Age-Up V i s c o s i t y : Week 2 :                          170cP                     400cP
                                   Week 4 :                       250cP                     600cP
                                  Week 6:                         350cP                     400cP
     P r o d u c t pH: 1 . 4
     Product c l a r i t y : T r a n s l u c e n t

Procedurw:
4.   U s i n g J m a r i n e b l a d e p r o p e l l e r and r a p i d a g i t a t i o n (800 rpm)
     p r o v i d e d by a L i g h t n i n ' M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t ,
     s p r i n k l e t h e Carbopol ETD 2623 r e s i n i n t o t h e v o r t e x . A l l o w
     t o h y d r a t e f o r 15-20 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l no lumps a r e p r e s e n t .
     Warming t h e d e i o n i z e d w a t e r t o 30C w i l l decrease t h e h y d r a t i o n
     t i m e and i m p r o v e t h e d i s p e r s i b i l i t y o f t h e Carbopol powder.
2.   M i x t h e Neodol 25-3 and Neodol 2 3 - 6 . 5 ( o r warm s l i g h t l y i f
     needed) t o e n s u r e homogeneity. A d d w i t h moderate m i x i n g (300
     r p m ) . A l l o w t o mix u n t i l u n i f o r m and smooth.
3.   Add t h e B i o s o f t S-100 w i t h moderate (300 rpm) m i x i n g and
     a l l o w t o m i x u n t i l u n i f o r m and smooth.
4.                 ~ Y
     S ~ O W add t h e C i t r i c A c i d w i t h s l o w m i x i n g (200 r p m ) . M i x
     u n t i l smooth and u n i f o r m .
5.   Add f r a g r a n c e and c o l o r , a s d e s i r e d .

S O U R C E : B F G o o d r i c k S p e c i a l t y ChemicaJs:   DET-352
54    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                             G e n e r a l P u r p o s e C1 e a n e r
                  (Consumer Low Alkaline, Non-Phasphate Powder)

      S o i l - F o o d ( f a t and p r o t e i n ) , p e t r o l e u m o i l and g r e a s e , c l a y
                 and p a r t i c u l a t e s o i l
      Surface-Hard surface, i . e . , metal, p l a s t i c , ceramic, concrete,
                      and a s p h a l t
      A p p l i c a t i on Method-Wi p e o r B r u s h
      Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Composi t i o n :                                                                                Wt%
Sodi um C a r b o n a t e ( 1 i g h t d e n s i t y )                                          30.0
* B r i t e s i 1 C20 Hydrous P o l y s i 1 i c a t e                                          10.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-Cl5; 9 M o l e s EO)                  15.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                30.0
* * * A c u s o l 445ND Sodium P o l y a c r y l a t e (92% S o l i d s )                       0.5
Sodi um S u l f a t e                                                                          14.5

Use L e v e l :    1-4 o z / g a l l o n

*      2 . 0 w e i g h t r a t i o s i l i c a t e powder,      82.5% s o l i d s
**     Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-9
***    Rohm & Haas


                              G e n e r a l Purpose C l e a n e r
                (Consumer H i g h A 1 k a l ine, Non-Phosphated Powder1

      S o i -Food ( f a t and p r o t e i n ) , p e t r o l e u m o i l and g r e a s e , c l a y
             and p a r t i c u l a t e s o i l
      Sur ace-Hard s u r f a c e , i . e . , m e t a l , p l a s t i c , c e r a m i c , c o n c r e t e ,
                  and a s p h a l t
      App i c a t i o n Method-Wipe o r b r u s h
      Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Composi t i o n 1                                                                                Wt%
Sodium S u l f a t e                                                                           14.5
Sodi um C a r b o n a t e ( 1 ig h t d e n s i t y )                                           30.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( C 1 2 - C l 5 ; 9 M o l e s EO)            15.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                30.0
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                           10.0
* * A c u s o l 445ND Sodium P o l y a c r y l a t e (92% S o l i d s )                         0.5

Use L e v e l :    1-4 o z / g a l l o n

*     Rhone-Poulenc          R h o d a s u r f LA-9
**    Rohm & Haas

SOURCE: PQ Corp. : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                       General Purpose Cleaners    55



                       G e n e r a l P u r p o s e S p r a y & Wipe C l e a n e r

    Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o i n c r e a s e t h e y i e l d v a l u e r e s u l t i n g
i n v e r t i c a l c l i n g when s p r a y e d on a v e r t i c a l s u r f a c e . T h i s
"no-drip" action w i l l increase the contact time o f t h e detergent
on t h e s o i l e d s u r f a c e a s w e l l a s enhance consumer c o n v e n i e n c e .

Ingredient:                                                                                wto/,
D I Water                                                                                90.70
C a r b o p o l ETD 2 6 9 1 ( 1 )                                                         0.20
EDTA ( t e t r a s o d i u m s a l t )                                                    2.00
Sodium m e t a s i l i c a t e , a n h y d r o u s                                        2.30
P r o p y l ene g l y c o l m e t h y l e t h e r ( 2 )                                   3.00
C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 7 m o l e s EO ( 3 )                                   1.50

     B r o o k f i e l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20 rpm) : 120 c p s
     P r o d u c t p H : 12-13
     P r o d u c t C l a r i t y : C l e a r t o hazy

( 1 ) BFGoodri c h
( 2 ) Dow C h e m i c a l : Dowanol DPM
( 3 ) S h e l l C h e m i c a l : Neodol 25-7

Procedure:
1 . U s i n g m o d e r a t e a g i t a t i o n ( 8 0 0 rpm) p r o v i d e d b y a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    screen t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
    f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s or u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
    eous.
2 . Under s l i g h t a g i t a t i o n , add t h e EDTA and M e t a s i l i c a t e .
3 . C o n t i n u e a g i t a t i o n and add t h e g l y c o l e t h e r and a l c o h o l
    e t h o x y 1a t e .
4 . Add c o l o r and f r a g r a n c e , a s d e s i r e d .

T o t a l Actives:
      Propylene g l y c o l methyl e t h e r :                 3.0
     C 1 2 - I 5 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 7 m o l e s EO:   1.5

 SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:            DET-310
56    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                G e n e r a l P u r p o s e Spray & Wipe

Ingredients:                                                                                    Wt%
Water, D.I.                                                                                    79.0
Sodi um C i t r a t e                                                                           2.0
A1 p h a - S t e p MC-48                                                                       10.0
S t e p a n o l WA-Extra                                                                        7.0
N i n o l 11-CM                                                                                 2.0

M i x i n g Procedure:
     Charge w a t e r and s u r f a c t a n t s and m i x . Add sodium c i t r a t e and
m i x u n t i 1 homogeneous.

T y p i c a l P r o p e r t i es :
     Appearance: C l e a r c o l o r l e s s l i q u i d
     pH, as i s : 9 . 4
                          3
     V i s c o s i t y I 2 5 deg. C : V e r y t h i n
     S o l i d s , %: 1 0 . 0
     Density, l b s / g a l : 8.54
     C o l d s t o r a g e @ 4 d e g . C, 1 d a y : p a s s
     F r e e z e / t h a w , 3 c y c l e s : pass

Performance:
   Gardner S t r a i g h t L i n e W a s h a b i l i t y T e s t :
      Commercial P r o d u c t - 66% s o i l removed f r o m t i l e s
      Above f o r m u l a t i o n - 82%' s o i l removed f r o m t i l e s
      Above f o r m u l a t i o n p e r f o r m s b e t t e r t h a n c o m m e r c i a l
      product.

Use I n s t r u c t i o n s :   Use as i s

Comment :
      The s u r f a c t a n t s used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n a r e d e r i v e d f r o m
o l e o c h e m i c a l r e s o u r c e s and a r e b i o d e g r a d a b l e .

SOURCE:       Stepan Co.:         Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n   No. 575

                                      A1 1 -Purpose C1 e a n e r

Ingredients:
Water                                                                                         82.0
Z e t e s o l 2056                                                                            14.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                          4.0

SOURCE:      Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & C o . :                  F o r m u l a t i o n CT 02-04-02
                                                                             General Purpose Cleaners      57



                       H y p o c h l o r it e V e r t i c a l S u r f a c e C l e a n e r

     M o n a t r o p e 1250 i s a h y p o c h l o r i t e s t a b l e s u r f a c t a n t t h a t
c o n t r i b u t e s t o w e t t i n g and f o a m i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .

In q r e d ie n t s :                                                                                Wt%
M o n a t r o p e 1250                                                                               2.0
Sodium C14-17 A l k y l Sec S u l f o n a t e (60%)                                                  2.0
Laurami ne O x i d e (30%)                                                                          10.0
P o t a s s i u m H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                           15.0
Sodi um T r i p o l y p h o s p h t e                                                                5.0
Sodium H y p o c h l o r i t e 5 . 2 5 % )                                                          66.0

Procedure:
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s w t h a g i t a t i o n .

Typical Properties:
   Appearance: C l e a r y e l l o w l i q u i d
   p H : 13

Recommended Use D i l u t i o n :           1:lO w i t h w a t e r
Formul a t i on F-783


                             Pump S p r a v A l l       Purpose C l e a n e r

   A f a s t a c t i o n s p r a y and w i p e f o r m u l a t i o n .        Surfaces w i l l       dry
streak-f ree.

Inqredients:                                                                                        Wt%
Water                                                                                               94.0
M o n a t e r g e 779 (DEA-Laureth S u l f a t e )                                                   3.0
Propylene Glycol B u t y l Ether                                                                     3.0

Procedure:
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d w i t h a g i t a t i o n .    Package.

Typical Properties:
   Appearance: C l e a r l i q u i d

Recommended Use D i 1 u t i o n : As i s

SOURCE: Mona I n d u s t r i e s ,        I n c . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
58   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                               L i q u i d C 1 eanser w i t R B1 each

      I n t h i s f o r m u l a Van Gel B i s used t o suspend t h e a b r a s i v e and
t o a d j u s t t h e v i s c o s i t y . The sodium c a r b o n a t e b u f f e r h e l p s
m a i n t a i n a pH o f a b o u t 1 1 , n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e s t a b i l i t y o f t h e
h y p o c h l o r i t e . T h i s l i q u i d c l e a n s e r o f f e r s t h e advantage o f m i l d -
ness i n u s e and g r e a t e r ease and e f f e c t i v e n e s s on v e r t i c a l
s u r f a c e s a s compared t o powders.

Ingredients:
A : Van Gel B                                                                                      2.25
    Water                                                                                         62.25

6 : Diatomaceous E a r t h                                                                        '10.00
     Sodium c a r b o n a t e                                                                      4.50
     Sodium h y p o c h l o r i t e , 5 . 2 5 % s o l n .                                         20.00
     Sodium L a u r y l S u l f a t e , 29% s o l n .                                               1 .oo

Procedure:
      S l o w l y add Van Gel B t o t h e w a t e r w h i l e a g i t a t i n g a t maximum
a v a i l a b l e s h e a r . C o n t i n u e m i x i n g u n t i l smooth. Add r e m a i n i n g
i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r , m i x i n g w e l l a f t e r each a d d i t i o n .

Consistency:         Medium v i s c o s i t y    liquid.

Suggested Packaging:              P l a s t i c squeeze b o t t l e .

SOURCE: R . T . V a n d e r b i l t    Co.,     Inc.:       F o r m u l a t i o n N o . 391


                                      A l l Purpose C l e a n e r
                                          Clear,      liquid

Ingredients:                                                                                   Wt%
A : H o s t a p u r SAS 6 0                                                              10.0-15.0
    Genapol ZRO 1 iq u i d                                                                0.0- 4.0
    Genapol UD-080                                                                        1.0- 3 . 0

B : Water                                                                                     ad 1 0 0 . 0
     Perfume                                                                                        0.2
     Preservative                                                                                   0.1
     Dye                                                                                             q.s.

Manufacturing:
  Add one a f t e r a n o t h e r , t h e components o f B t o A .

Modern s t a n d a r d f o r m u l a t i o n s a r e based on a l k a n s u l p h o n a t e s and
noni oni c s   .
E t h e r s u l p h a t e s a r e used i n r a r e cases.
Phosphates, sodium c a r b o n a t e and ammonia a r e n o t common any
1onger    .
The above g u i d e f o r m u l a t i o n c o v e r s t h e common european p r o d u c t s .

SOURCE: Hoechst A k t i e n g e s e l l s c h a f t : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n
                                                                    General Purpose Cleaners      59



                            Pine O i l Cleaner Concentrate

Ingredients:                                                                              g
Pine o i l                                                                               20.0
N i n o l 11-CM                                                                           9.0
Makon 12                                                                                  5.0
Ammonyx LO                                                                                0.5
B i o - S o f t S-1 0 0                                                                   2.0
Isopropanol                                                                              10.0
Water, D . I .                                                                           53.5

M i x i ng Procedure:
      Combine p i n e o i l , s u r f a c t a n t s and I P A . M i x u n t i l c l e a r . Add
water s l o w l y w h i l e under a g i t a t i o n . Mix u n t i l c l e a r .
Properties:
     Appearance: C l e a r y e l l o w l i q u i d
     Odor: P i n e
     V i s c o s i t y @ 25C, c p s : 50
     pH ( a s i s ) : 8 . 1
      D e n s i t y 1b s / g a l : 8 . 0 6
     Freeze/Thaw ( 3 c y c l e s ) : Pass
     50 C oven ( 1 week): Pass
Use I n s t r u c t i o n s : D i l u t e 1-2 o z s i n t o one g a l l o n
Performance:
     Gardner S t r a i g h t L i n e W a s h a b i l i t y T e s t :
          Above f o r m u l a t i o n : 73.0% s o i l removed f r o m t i l e s
          Commercial f o r m u l a t i o n : 5 5 . 5 % s o i l removed f r o m t i l e s
SOURCE: S t e p a n Co.: F o r m u l a t i o n No. 208


                          D i s i n f e c t i n g Cleaner,   Alkaline

Ingredients:                                                                              Wt%
Water                                                                                   57.5
C i t r i c acid                                                                         2.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                    3.5
Lumorol 4192                                                                             5.0
Trilon A liquid                                                                          7.0
Lonzabac-1230                                                                           25.0
Ingredients:                                                                              Wt%
Water                                                                                   69.0
Disodium t e t r a b o r a t e decahydrate                                               0.5
Sodi um b i c a r b o n a t e                                                            1.0
Burdac-114                                                                              20.0
Z u s o l a t '1008/85                                                                   9.5
Ingredients:                                                                              g
Water                                                                                   57.5
Trilon A liquid                                                                          7.0
Citric acid                                                                              2.0
S u l f e t a l 4069                                                                     5.0
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                    3.5
Lonrabac-1230                                                                           25.0

SOURCE:     Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & Co.:                  F o r m u l a t i o n s CT 06-09-01,
            CT 06-09-02, CT 06-09-03
60   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulatiorrs


            Sodi urn B i c a r b o n a t e A b r a s i v e C l e a n e r W i t h o u t B l e a c h

     Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n t o a c h i e v e a
s t a b l e s u s p e n s i o n o f t h e h i g h l o a d i n g o r sodium b i c a r b o n a t e
abrasives.

-g r e d i e n t :
In                                                                                                 wtsl,
D I Water                                                                                        44.25
C a r b o p o l ETD 2691 ( 1 )                                                                       0.50
A l k y l benzene s u l f o n i c a c i d ( 2 )                                                      0.75
C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 m o l e s € 0 ( 3 )                                         2.50
Sodium h y d r o x i d e ( 5 0 % )                                                                   2.00
Sodium b i c a r b o n a t e ( 4 ) :
      Grade 1 :                                                                                  20.00
      Grade 5 :                                                                                  30.00

Physical Properties:
   B r o o k f i e l d V i s c o s i t y (RVT-20 rprn):         6,000 c p
   Product pH: 8.50
   P r o d u c t C l a r i t y : Opaque

Raw M a t e r i a l S u p p l i e r s :
    ( 1 ) BFGoodrich
    ( 2 ) Stepan Co.: B i o s o f t 5-100
    ( 3 ) S h e l l C h e m i c a l C o . : Neodol 2 3 - 6 . 5
    ( 4 ) Church & Dwight
Procedure:
1 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n ( 8 0 0 r p m ) p r o v i d e d by a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    screen t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
    f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1 5 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
    eous.
2 . Add t h e a l k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n i c a c i d f o l l o w e d b y t h e a l c o h o l
    e t h o x y l a t e . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
3 . Add t h e s o d i u m h y d r o x i d e . M i x u n t i l homogeneous. A d j u s t pH
    t o 8.50 p r i o r t o t h e next step.
4 . W i t h m i n i m a l a g i t a t i o n , s l o w l y add t h e s o d i u m b i c a r b o n a t e .
    M i x u n t i l smooth, homogeneous, and f r e e o f b i c a r b o n a t e l u m p s .
    Re-check p H and a d j u s t , i f n e c e s s a r y .
5 . Add c o l o r a n d f r a g r a n c e , a s d e s i r e d .

T o t a l A c t iv e s :
      S o d i um b i c a r b o n a t e :                            50.00
     C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 m o l e s EO:          2.50
      Sodium a1 k y l benzene s u l f o n a t e :                    0.90

SOURCE: B F G o o d r i c h S p e c i a l t y C h e m i c a l s :   DET-342
leaners/Polishes




  61
62    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                      A n t i -Foggi ng , A n t i -Stat ic G l a s s C l eaner

I gredients :
 n                                                                                                    MIBo/o
Water                                                                                                90.0
Isopropyl Alcohol                                                                                     9.0
Adogen 66                                                                                             0.I
Varox 365                                                                                             0.5
Emcol 4500                                                                                            0.4

Blending Instructions:
     Combine i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r shown and m i x t h o r o u g h l y .
I f p r o d u c t i s hazy, a d d i t i o n a l I s o p r o p y l Alcohol can be used
t o c l a r i f y t h e s o l u t i o n . G e n t l y h e a t i n g can b e used t o
f a c i l i t a t e m i x i n g o f t h e Emcol 4500.

Use I n s t r u c t i o n s :
   A p p l y f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t t o a t o w e l l e t e (Kimwipe,           e t c . ) and
wipe onto t h e glass. A l l o w t o d r y .

Product I n f o r m a t i o n :
Product:                     Benefit :
Varox 365                    W e t t i n g a g e n t , d e g r e a s e r and d e t e r g e n t
Adogen 66                    A n t i - s t a t i c agent
Emcol 4500                   W e t t i n g a g e n t , c o u p l e r and d e t e r g e n t

      T h i s f o r m u l a t i o n p r e s e n t s a t h i n b a r r i e r between t h e w a t e r
v a p o r ( f o g , steam, e t c . ) and t h e g l a s s w h i c h w i l l p r e v e n t
f o g g i n g . The a b i l i t y t o l o w e r t h e s u r f a c e t e n s i o n o f t h e w a t e r
prevents t h e c l i n g i n g o f i n d i v i d u a l water d r o p l e t s t o the glass;
t h e r e f o r e l i g h t i s n o t s c a t t e r e d as much a s i t i s when p a s s i n g
through i n d i v i d u a l d r o p l e t s .
      F o r m u l a 708


                                Glass Cleaner,            Ready t o Use

Ingredients:
Water, D . I .                                                                                       84.9
P e t r o BAF L i q u i d                                                                             0.1
Isopropanol                                                                                          10.0
E t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monobutyl E t h e r                                                       5.0
Dye                                                                                                   q.s.

B l e n d i ng P r o c e d u r e : B l e n d i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r 1is t e d .
      F o r m u l a 705

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                             Glass CleanerslPolishes     63



                   G l a s s C l e a n e r C o n c e n t r a t e (Non-Ammoniated)

Ingredients:                                                                                    K%
W a t e r , D . I.                                                                              7.5
I s o p r o p a n o l , 99%                                                                   82.0
P e t r o LBA Powder                                                                           1.o
Monoethanol ami ne                                                                             0.5
Perfume, Dye                                                                                    q.   s
B l e n d i n g Procedure:        Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e order l i s t e d .

    T h i s c o n c e n t r a t e s h o u l d be m i x e d w i t h n i n e p a r t s o f w a t e r
t o one p a r t c l e a n e r t o b e r e a d y t o u s e . T h i s p r o d u c t r e q u i r e s
a red label.
    F o r m u l a 702


                                  Glass Cleaner Concentrate

Inqredi ents:                                                                                   Wt%
Water, D . I .                                                                                 77.0
P e t r o BAF L i q u i d                                                                      20.0
DeSonic 5 N                                                                                     1.o
Ammonia, 29%                                                                                    2.0
Dye                                                                                             q.s.

B l e n d i n g Procedure:        Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e order l i s t e d .

     Use D i l u t i o n :    1 p a r t c o n c e n t r a t e t o 50 p a r t s w a t e r .
     F o r m u l a 703


                                   Amrnoniated G l a s s C l e a n e r

m r e d ients:                                                                                  Wt%
Water                                                                                          94.0
W i t c o l a t e 231 0                                                                         3.0
B u t y l C e l l o s o l ve                                                                    2.0
Aqua Ammonia, 26 B e '                                                                          2.0

B l e n d i n g Procedure:        Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e order l i s t e d .
     F o r m u l a 704

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
64   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                 G l a s s and Window C l e a n e r

    Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o i n c r e a s e t h e y i e l d v a l u e r e s u l t i n g
i n v e r t i c a l c l i n g when s p r a y e d on a v e r t i c a l s u r f a c e . T h j s
"no-drip" a c t i o n w i l l increase the contact time o f t h e detergent
on t h e s o i l e d s u r f a c e as w e l l as enhance consumer c o n v e n i e n c e .

Inaredient:                                                                                   wel
D I Water                                                                                  92 * 45
Carbopol ETD 2623                                                                           (4.10
Isopropanol                                                                                 5.00
Ammonium h y d r o x i d e                                                                  0.20
A l k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n i c a c i d (97%) ( 2 )                                 0.25
Propylene g l y c o l methyl e t h e r (3)                                                  2.00

Physical Properties:
  B r o o k f ie l d V i s c o s i t y (RVT-20 rpm) : 200 c p
  P r o d u c t pH: 9 . 5 - 1 0 . 0
  Product C l a r i t y : Clear

Raw M a t e r i a1 Suppl ie r s :
   ( 1 ) BFGoodrich
   ( 2 ) Stepan Chemical: B i o s o f t 5-100
   ( 3 ) Dow Chemical: Dowanol PM

Procedure:
1 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n ( 8 0 0 rpm) p r o v i d e d by a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
    f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
    eous.
2 . Add t h e i s o p r o p a n o l .
3 . Add t h e ammonium h y d r o x i d e . M i x u n t i l homogeneous.
4 . Add t h e s u l f o n i c a c i d and g l y c o l e t h e r w i t h m i n i m a l a g i t a t i o n
    t o a v o i d e x c e s s i v e foaming.
5 . Add a d d i t i o n a l ammonium h y d r o x i d e , i f necessary, t o r e a c h the
    t a r g e t pH r a n g e .
6 . Add c o l o r and f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

Total Actives:
   Ammonium a l k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n a t e : 0 . 3 0
   Propylene g l y c o l methyl e t h e r :             2.00
   Isopropanol:                                         5.00

SOURCE: BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:                   DET-300
                                                                            Glass CleanerslPolishes    65



                                   H o u s e h o l d Window C l e a n e r

Inqredients:                                                                                   Wt%
Water. D . I .                                                                                89.3
Isopropanol                                                                                   10.0
Varox 365                                                                                      0.7
Methylene Blue                                                                                 q.s.

Blending Procedure:
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t i o n .

T y p i c a l P r o p e r t ies:
     V i s c o s i t y , cps: 4
      S o l i d s : 0.2%
      pH: 7 . 4
F o r m u l a 706


                          Bremi u m Household W i ndow C1 e a n e r

Ingredi ents:                                                                                  Q
Water, D . I .                                                                                89.4
Isopropanol                                                                                   10.0
Varox 1770                                                                                     0.6
Methylene Blue                                                                                 q. s

81 e n d i ng P r o c e d u r e :
    Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t i o n .

Typical Properties :
      V i s c o s i t y , cps: 4
      S o l i d s : 0.23%
      pH: 6 . 2
F o r m u l a 707


                                           GI ass @1e a n e r
Ingredients:                                                                                   Wt%
Water. D . I .                                                                                  q.s.
Isopropanol                                                                                     6.0
Dowanol EB                                                                                      4.0
R e w o t e r i c AM V                                                                          0.85

81 endi ng P r o c e d u r e :
      B l e n d i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r shown,   mixing thoroughly bet-
ween each a d d i t i o n .
F o r m u l a 709

SQURCE: W i t c o G o r p . :       Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
66    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                         W i n d o w s / G l ass

                              Gl-ass Cl g a n g r C C o n c e n t r a t e )

Ingredients:                                                                     We i s h t YO
Water                                                                               10.04
Ethylene G l y c o l Monobutyl Ether                                                21.34
Isopropyl Alcohol                                                                  53.30
Ammonia, 2 9 . 4 %                                                                    2.35
C a l foam SLS-30                                                                     5.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d
   F o r m u l a t i o n WIN-001-01


                             W i n-dzhield Washer C c n c e n t r a t e

Ingredients:                                                                     Weigh_%
Water                                                                              47.66
Isopropyl Alcohol                                                                  47.30
C a l s u d s 81                                                                    5.10

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Use 4 0 2 . o f t h e c o n c e n t r a t e p e r g a l l o n .
   F o r m u l a t i o n WIN-002-01


                     W i ndshjeld-pWashec C o n c e n t y a t e (Low VOC)

I r e d i-en t s :
 ng                                                                              W i gh ts/,
                                                                                  e
Water                                                                               62.20
P r o p y l ene G1 y c o l                                                          33.80
Calsuds 81                                                                           4.02

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a
   Use l e v e l : 2-4 o z p e r g a l l o n .
   F o r m u l a t i o n WIN-003-01

SOURCE: P i l o t C h e m i c a l C o . :    Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
ard Surface Cleaners




       67
68    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                 A l k a l i n e Hard Surface Cleaner

 n
I gredient s :
Water, D . I .                                                                                  34.0
Sodi um M e t a s i 1 ic a t e                                                                   8.0
Varami de A-83                                                                                  12.0
W i t c o n a t e 30DS                                                                          40.0
W i t c o n a t e SXS L i q u i d                                                                8.0

81 e n d i n g P r o c e d u r e :
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t io n .

Typical Properties:
      V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 205
      S o l ids : 3 4 . 4 %
      pH: 1 2 . 5
F o r m u l a 516


            Hard Surface CleaEer Concentrate ( A l l                      P u r p o s e Type)

Ingredients:                                                                                    \Ne%
Water, D . I .                                                                                  82.0
T e t r a s p o t a s s i u m P y r o p h o s p h a t e , Anhydrous                             10.0
W i t c a m i de 1 PET                                                                           1.o
Emphos 5AP                                                                                       4.0
W i t c o 1298S A                                                                                3.0

Blending Procedure:
   Blend i n g r e d i e n t s i n order l i s t e d ,          m i x i n g w e l l a f t e r each
addition.

Typical Properties:
      S p e c i f i c G r a v i t y : 1.085
      Wt./Gal. l b s : 9.04
      pH, a s i s : 7 . 5 7
      V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 94
      3 Freeze/Thaw c y c l e s : Passed
      1 Week @ 52C: Passed
      4 Weeks Room Temp: Passed
      S o l i d s : 17.8%
      Appearance: C 1 e a r L i q u i d
Use D i l u t i o n : 1-3 o z . / g a l .
F o r m u l a 540

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . :        Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                        Hand Surface Cleaners       69


                           Concentrated Hard Surface Cleaner

Ingredients:                                                                         Wei q h t %
D e o d o r i z e d Kerosene                                                           25.00
Calamide C T       W                                                                   16.30
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                  9.00
E t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monobutyl E t h e r                                          9.00
Water                                                                                  41 .30
N a4 E DTA                                                                               0.40
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      Use 1-2 o z p e r g a l l o n .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-009-01

                                 Hard Surface Cleaner-Spray

Inqredi ents:                                                                         Wei q h t %
Water                                                                                     86.50
Ammonia, 29%                                                                               3.00
Na4EDTA                                                                                    0.50
Ethylene G l y c o l Monobutyl E t h e r                                                   5.00
C a l s u d s 81                                                                           5.00
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . A f t e r a d d i t i o n o f E t h y l e n e G l y c o l Monobutyl E t h e r , t h e
      mixture i s cloudy.
2 . It becomes c l e a r w i t h t h e a d d i t i o n o f C a l s u d s 8 1 .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-008-01

                                             P i n e Cleaner

Inqredi ents :                                                                       Weight%
Pine O i l                                                                            20.00
IPA                                                                                   10.00
Calamide C T      W                                                                     9.00
Cal o x y l a t e N-9                                                                   5.00
C a l s o f t LAS-99                                                                    2.00
Water                                                                                 54.00
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      Use a t 1-2 o z p e r g a l l o n .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-004-01

                                             P
                                             -i n e   Cleaner

Ingredients:                                                                         Weight%
Pine O i l                                                                             15.00
C a l s u d s CD-6                                                                    10.00
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                 8.00
IPA                                                                                   10.00
Water                                                                                 57.00
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-007-01

~~~~~~~      P i l o t Chemical Co. : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
 70   Advanced Cleatiing Product Formulations



                                      H a r d S u r f a c e Cleanerc

Ingredients:                                                           weight%
Water                                                                    75.25
Sodi um M e t a s i 1 i c a t e                                           2.00
Na4EDTA                                                                   2.00
Dowanol PnB                                                               6.00
P i l o t SXS-40                                                          9.00
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                   5.50
P i n e 01 1                                                              0.25
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-001-01

                                      Hard-Surface-C1         @anex

Ingredi ents :                                                         Wi q h t 9 6
Water                                                                     74.50
Sodi um M e t a s i 1 i c a t e                                            2.00
Na4EDTA                                                                    2.00
P i l o t SXS-40                                                           7.00
Cal imu1 se PRS                                                            3.00
Dowanol PnB                                                                5.00
Cal o x y l a t e N-9                                                      6.50
Comments s b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-002-01

                                      H a r d S u r f a c e Cle&ne_r

Ingredisnts :                                                          Weisht_"L.
Water                                                                     79.30
Sodi um M e t a s i 1 i c a t e                                             5.20
Na4EDTA                                                                     2.50
P i l o t SXS-40                                                            5.00
Calamide C T      W                                                         8.00
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      Use 1 - 4 o z p e r g a l l o n .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-005-01

                                                       eaner
                                      Hardsu.!-33Cs~_ec1
Irns r e d i en t-s 1                                                   e
                                                                       W i_ph %
                                                                             t
Water                                                                     58.50
Sodi um C i t r a t e                                                     15.00
Soda Ash                                                                   5.00
Ammonia, 29%                                                               3.50
P i l o t SXS-40                                                           8.00
Calamide CWT                                                              1O.DO
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      Use 2-4 o z p e r g a l l o n .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HSC-006-01
SOURCE: P i l o t Chemical C o . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                                   Hand Sqface Cleaners   71



                            Hard Surface Cleaner w/Amphoteric

Inqredi ents:                                                                                      Wt%
Water, D . I .                                                                                     75.0
Sodi um C a r b o n a t e                                                                           4.0
R e w o t e r i c AM KSF-40                                                                        10.0
Dowanol DPM                                                                                         5.0
Versene 100                                                                                         2.0
W i t c o n a t e SXS (40%)                                                                         4.0

Blending Procedure:
   Add i n g r e d i e n t s in o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t i o n .

T y p i c a l P r o p e r t i es :
      V i s c o s i t y , cps: 4
      S o l i d s : 10.2%
      pH: 10.8
F o r m u l a 507


                 H a r d S u r f a c e C l e a n e r C o n c e n t r a t e w/d'Limonene

Ingredients:
Phase I:
 Isopropanol                                                                                       10.0
Oleic A c i d                                                                                       8.8
.Varoni c K205                                                                                      5.0
d ' L i monene                                                                                     12.0

Phase 11:
Water, D . I .                                                                                     62.2
P o t a s s i u m H y d r o x i d e (87%)                                                           2.0

B1 e n d i ng P r o c e d u r e :
     Combine Phase           I      i n g r e d i e n t s and m i x t h o r o u g h l y .   Combine Phase
I 1 i n g r e d i e n t s and m i x t h o r o u g h l y . W h i l e m i x i n g , add Phase I t o
Phase 11.

T y p i c a l P r o p e r t i es :
      V i s c o s i t y , cps: 75
      S o l i d s : 13.8%
      pH: 1 0 . 2
F o r m u l a 508

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . :          Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
72    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                            Hard Surface Cleaner Concentrate
                                  IPhosphate. L i q u i d )

      S o i l - F o o d g r e a s e , o i l and p r o t e i n , p e t r o l e u m g r e a s e and o i l
      Surface-Metal, ceramic, polymeric, g l a s s
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Wipe, mop o r s p r a y ( d i l u t e d )
      M a n u f a c t u r e - M i x t a n k w i t h p r o p e l 1e r s t i r r e r

ComDosition A:
Water                                                                                           71.4
TSP                                                                                              1.6
S t a r s o Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                              14.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                   4.0
*Phosphate E s t e r                                                                             5.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( C 9 - C l l ; 6 Moles EO)                  2.8
* * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C9-C11; 2 . 5 Moles EO)                   1 .2

Composition B:                                                                                    Wt%
Water                                                                                           65.4
TSP                                                                                              1.6
S t a r s o Sodi um S i 1 ic a t e                                                              18.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                   5.0
*Phosphate E s t e r                                                                             6.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C9-Cl1; 6 M o l e s EO)                     2.8
* * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( C 9 - C l l ; 2 . 5 Moles EO)            1.2

Use D i l u t i o n : 3-6% bw ( 4 - 8          oz/gallon)

*      Rhone-Poulenc Rhodafac RE-600
**     Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f 91-6
***    Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f A-24


                                  Hard S u r f a c e Spray Cleaner
                                     LPhosphate, L i q u i d )

      S o i l - F o o d g r e a s e , o i l and p r o t e i n , p e t r o l e u m g r e a s e and o i l
      Surface-Metal, ceramic, polymeric, g l a s s
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Spray and w i p e
      Manufacture-Mix tank w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composi t i on :                                                                                  Wt%
                                                                                                  ~-
Water                                                                                          90.00
TKPP                                                                                            2.00
N C l e a r Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                              1.88
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                  0.12
* D i p r o p y l ene G1 y c o l Monomethyl E t h e r                                           5.00
* * O c t y l p h e n o x y P o l y e t h o x y e t h a n o l , 12-13 M o l e s   EO            1 .00

Use: As i s ,        spray

*     Dow Chemical
**    Rhone-Poulenc           I g e p a l CA-720

SOURCE: PQ C o r p . :         Detergent F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                          Hand Surface Cleaners   73



                 Hard S u r f a c e C l e a n e r C o n c e n t r a t e w/Dipentene

I nnredi e n t s :                                                                         Wt%
Phase I :
Isopropanol                                                                               10.0
Oleic Acid                                                                                 8.8
V a r o n i c K205                                                                         5.0
D i pentene                                                                               12.0

Phase 11:
Water, D . I .                                                                            62.2
Potassium H y d r o x i d e (87%)                                                          2.0

B l e n d i n g Procedure:
      Combine Phase I i n g r e d i e n t s and m i x t h o r o u g h l y . Combine Phase
I 1 i n g r e d i e n t s and m i x t h o r o u g h l y . W h i l e m i x i n g , add Phase I t o
Phase X      ~I

Typical Properties:
   V i s c o s i t y , cps: 50
   Solids: 13.8%
   pH: 10.1
Formula 509


                             A 1 k a l ine Hard S u r f a c e C l e a n e r

I n q r e d ients:                                                                         Wt%
Water, D . I .                                                                            62.7
Sodi u M e t a s i 1i c a t e
         m                                                                                 3.0
Varami de A-83                                                                             5.0
\Mi t c o n a t e 3 0 D S                                                                  6.8
W i t c o n a t e SXS L i q u i d                                                          2.5

B l e n d i n g Procedure:
     Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r shown and d i s s o l v e c o m p l e t e l y between
each a d d i t i o n .

Typical Properties:
   V i s c o s i t y , c p s : 32
   S o l i d s : 1 1 .O%
   pH: 12.0
Formula 515

SOURCE: W i t c o C o r p . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
74    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


                                   L i q u i d A b r a s i v e C 1e a n s e r

Inqredients:                                                                                     Wt%
Water, t a p                                                                                   48.5
C a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e , 100 mesh                                                     42.5
Sodium t a l l o w soap, f l a k e s                                                            2.0
A l p h a - S t e p MC-48                                                                       2.5
N i n o l 11-CM                                                                                 2.0
Sodi um C h l o r i d e                                                                         2.5

M i x i ng P r o c e d u r e :
     Charge warm w a t e r and add c a l c i u m c a r b o n a t e w h i l e m i x i n g .
Add soap and m i x u n t i l d i s p e r s e d . Add MC-48 and 11-CM and m i x
u n t i l homogeneous. Add sodium c h l o r i d e t o t h i c k e n .

P r o p e r t i es :
     Appearance: Opaque, o f f - w h i t e creamy l i q u i d
     pH, a s i s : 9 . 3
     V i s c o s i t y @ 25 deg C . : t h i x o t r o p i c
           s p i n d l e #3, 6 rpm, B r o o k f i e l d : 4520 c p s
           s p i n d l e #3, 12 rpm, B r o o k f i e l d : 3840 c p s
           s p i n d l e # 3 , 30 rpm, B r o o k f i e l d : 3060 c p s
     S o l i d s , % : 50
     D e n s i t y , l b s / g a l : 11.69
     S t o r a g e a t a m b i e n t temp, 1 week: N o s e p a r a t i o n

Use I n s t r u c t i o n s :   Use as i s

Performance:
      C l e a n s g r e a s e p e n c i l , s c u f f marks and l i p s t i c k f r o m v i n y l
t i l e s s i m i 1 a r t o commerci a1 p r o d u c t s .

SOURCE: S t e p a n C o . :       F o r m u l a t i o n No. 3 1 4


                                 T i l e and Sani t a r v C l e a n e r s

Inqredi ents:                                                                                   Wt%
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                           5.0
Water                                                                                          79.6
Xanthan Gum                                                                                     0.4
C i t r i c acid                                                                               15.0

Inqredients:                                                                                    Wt%
Amphotensid B 4                                                                                30.0
Water                                                                                          60.0
Citric acid                                                                                    10.0

SOURCE: Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & Co.:                             Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
        CT 02-10-03 and CT 02-10-04
                                                                           Hand Sutface Cleaners     75



                                L i q u i d Hard Surface Cleaner

Ingredients:                                                                                 Wt%*
A : Van Gel ES, Magnesium Aluminum S i l i c a t e                                          4.00
    Rhodopol 23, Xanthan Gum                                                                0.50
    D e i o n i z e d Water                                                                68.50

0 : Cocamide DEA (Monamid 150-ADD)                                                          0.50
    A1 k o x y l a t e d F a t t y A l c o h o l (P1 u r a f a c C-17)                      2.50
    T e t r a p o t a s s i um P y r o p h o s p h a t e                                    1.25
    P o t a s s i u m Phosphate T r i b a s i c                                             0.75
    D e i o n i z e d Water                                                                21 .oo

C: Ammonium H y d r o x i d e , 28%                                                          1 .oo

Procedure:
1 . D r y b l e n d t h e Van Gel ES and Rhodopol 23 and s l o w l y add them
     t o t h e w a t e r w h i l e s t i r r i n g w i t h an homogenizer a t 5000 r p m .
     C o n t i n u e m i x i n g f o r 40 m i n u t e s .
2. Combine t h e P a r t B i n g r e d i e n t s w i t h s l o w s t i r r i n g .
3 . Move t h e b a t c h t o a p r o p e l l e r m i x e r and a d j u s t t h e speed t o
     produce a s l i g h t v o r t e x .
4 . Add P a r t I3 t o P a r t A, m i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s and t h e n add P a r t C
     and m i x f o r 5 m i n u t e s .
F o r m u l a t i o n No. 303


                            Hard Surface C l e a n e r - A l l      Purpose

Ingredients:                                                                               W t .%*
A : Veegum, Magnesi um A1 umi num S i 1 i c a t e                                           1.20
    Rhodopol 23, Xanthan Gum                                                                0.40
    D e i o n i z e d Water                                                                48.40

B : Calcium Carbonate                                                                      40.00

C:   C12-CI3 L i n e a r P r i m a r y A l c o h o l E t h o x y l a t e
      (Neodol 23-6.5)                                                                        9.00
     Cocamide DEA ( N i n o l 40-CO)                                                         1 .oo
     P r e s e r v a t i v e , Dye, F r a g r a n c e                                         q.s.

Procedure:
1 . D r y b l e n d t h e Veegum and Rhodopol 23 and s l o w l y add t h e b l e n d
     t o t h e w a t e r w h i l e s t i r r i n g w i t h an homogenizer a t 5000 rpm.
     C o n t i n u e m i x i n g f o r 20 m i n u t e s .
2 . Add P a r t B and m i x f o r 10 m i n u t e s .
3 . Move t h e b a t c h t o a p r o p e l l e r m i x e r and a d j u s t t h e speed t o
     produce a s l i g h t v o r t e x .
4 . Add t h e P a r t C i n g r e d i e n t s i n t h e o r d e r shown, m i x i n g f o r 5
     m i n u t e s a f t e r each a d d i t i o n .
F o r m u l a t i o n f r o m S h e l l Chemical Co.
      AS r e c e i v e d b a s i s

SOURCE:      R . T . V a n d e r b i l t Co., I n c . : Van Gel and Veegum i n H a r d
             S u r f a c e C l e a n e r s and P o l i s h e s : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
76   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                  M o l d and M i l d e w Remover

     Carbopol r e s i n s a r e used t o            reduce s p l a s h i n g and t o p r o v i d e
v e r t i c a l c l i n g when s p r a y e d on     a v e r t i c a l surface. This
"no-drip" a c t i o n w i l l increase              the contact time o f the deter-
g e n t on t h e s o i l e d s u r f a c e and      enhance consumer c o n v e n i e n c e .

I n p r e d ie n t :                                                                         \Rlt%
D I water                                                                                 84.50
Carbopol 672 ( 1 )                                                                         1 .00
Sodium h y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                             2.00
Sodium m e t a s i l i c a t e , p e n t a h y d r a t e                                   0.50
P r i m a r y a l k a n e s u l f o n a t e (40%) ( 2 )                                    5.00
Sodium h y p o c h l o r i t e (15.00%)                                                     7.00
     B r o o k f ie l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-PO    rpm) : 120 cps
     P r o d u c t p H : 12-13
     P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

( 1 ) BFGoodrich
( 2 ) Stepan C o . :      B i o - T e r g e PAS-8S

Procedure :
1 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n (800 rpm) p r o v i d e d b y a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i ng and b l e n d i ng o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
    f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
    eous.
2 . Under moderate a g i t a t i o n , add t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e and t h e
    metasilicate.
3. Add t h e a l k a n e s u l f o n a t e .
4 . Under l o w a g i t a t i o n , add t h e sodium h y p o c h l o r i t e b l e a c h .
5 . Add c o l o r and f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

Total Actives:
   Primary alkane sulfonate:                   2.0
   Available chlorine:                         1.0

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:             DET-320
Laundry Products




      77
78    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                Detergent f o r Fine Fabrics-1
                                            Powder

Inpredi ents:                                                                                     Q
Genapol OA-080                                                                                  3.0
DDBS-Na*                                                                                       15.0
Thermphos NW                                                                                   25.0
T a l l o w soap, Powder                                                                   1 .O-3.0
Sodi um d i s i 1 i c a t e                                                                     3.0
S o k a l a n CP 5                                                                                1 .o
S o k a l a n HP 22                                                                               1 .o
A q u a m o l l i n BC Powder                                                                     0.5
Perfume                                                                                           q.s.
Sodi um s u l p h a t e                                                                  ad 1 0 0 . 0

Manufacturing:
    To b e p r e p a r e d by s p r a y m i x p r o c e s s . T h e r e f o r e DDBS-Na must
b e employed i n f o r m o f a s p r a y d r i e d powder. DDBS-Na p a s t e i s
not suitable.
    *DDBS=Dodecyl Benzene S u l p h o n a t e


                                Detergent f o r Fine Fabrics-2
                                            Powder

Inqredients:                                                                                 Wt%
Genapol OA-080                                                                               3.0
DDBS-Na*                                                                                    15.0
Z e o l i t h A (Wessalith                                                             20.0-25.0
T a l l o w soap, Powder                                                                1.0- 3.0
Sodi um d i s i 1 ic a t e                                                                   3.0
S o k a l a n CP 5                                                                      2.0- 3.0
S o k a l a n HP 22                                                                               1 .o
Aquamoll i n BC Powder                                                                            0.5
Perfume                                                                                       q.s.
Sodium s u l p h a t e                                                                   ad 100.0

Manufacturing:
    To b e p r e p a r e d b y s p r a y m i x p r o c e s s . T h e r e f o r e DDBS-Na must
b e employed i n f o r m o f a s p r a y d r i e d powder. DDBS-Na p a s t e i s
not suitable.
    *DDBS=Dodecyl Benzene S u l f o n a t e

SOURCE: H o e c h s t A k t i e n g e s e l l s c h a f t :   Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                              Laundry Products        79



                                       Heavy D u t y L a u n d r y

Ingredients:                                                                  Wei q h t %
Water                                                                             28.90
Sodi um H y d r o x i d e , 50%                                                     6.60
Calamide C                                                                          7.00
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                  12.50
Cal s o f t LAS-99                                                                40.00
Cal o x y l a t e N - 9                                                             5.00
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
Add C a l o x y l a t e N - 9 a f t e r 50% o f LAS-99 has been n e u t r a l i z e d .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HDL-001-01


                                       Heavy D u t y L a u n d r y

Inqredients:                                                                            Wei o h t %
Water                                                                                     42.50
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                          22.50
Calamide C T      W                                                                         4.00
Sodium S i l i c a t e ( S o l i d )                                                        3.01
C a l s o f t L-60                                                                        18.00
EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic A c i d )                                                  2.50
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HDL-006-01


                                       Heavv D u t y L a u n d r y

I n q r e d ie n t s :                                                                  Weight%
Water                                                                                    78.50
C a l f a x DB-45                                                                          7.00
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                    7.00
P r o p y l ene G1 y c o l                                                                 2.50
TKPP ( T e t r a P o t a s s i um Pyrophosphate)                                           5.00
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HDL-007-01


                                       Heavv D u t y L a u n d r y

Inqredients:                                                                            Wei q h t %
Water                                                                                     42.00
TKPP ( T e t r a P o t a s s i u m P y r o p h o s p h a t e )                            15.00
Sodium S i l i c a t e ( S o l i d )                                                      10.00
C a l s o f t L-60                                                                        18.00
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                          10.00
Calamide C T      W                                                                         5.00
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      May need t o be h e a t e d t o s o l u b i l i z e t h e s u r f a c t a n t .
      F o r m u l a t i o n HDL-008-01

SOURCE:      P i 1o t Chemical        Co. : Suggested Formul a t i ons
80    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                              I   & I L i q u i d Laundrv Detergent
                                    w i t h Enzyme & O p t i c a l

Components:                                                                         % by Weisht
Water                                                                                            50.00
T r i e t h a n o l ami ne 85%                                                                    3.25
D i e t h y l ene G1 y c o l                                                                     20.00
B u r c o l 117                                                                                  10.00
B u r c o l LAF-6                                                                                10.00
Burcowi t e BBH-PO                                                                                1.25
B u r c o t a s e SL-160                                                                          0.50

     B u r c o LAF-6 i s used t o c o n t r o l foam as w e l l a s t o p r o v i d e
w e t t i n g and d e t e r g e n c y .

Procedure:
     Charge 1 / 2 o f w a t e r I3 120F. Add 1 , 2 , 3 , & 4 and b l e n d . Add
r e m a i n i n g w a t e r . Cool t o 1OOF. Add 5 and 6 . B l e n d u n t i l u n i f o r m .

     1% pH: 9 . 5
     % s o l i d s : 26
     Lbs/gal : 8.66


                  S u r f a c t a n t R i c h D e t e r g e n t f o r N u r s i n o Homes

Ingredients:                                                                        % bv W e i q h t
Water                                                                                           30
TKPP                                                                                              5
Sodium M e t a s i l i c a t e P e n t a h y d r a t e                                            5
B u r c o t e r g e DG-40                                                                             40
B u r c o NPS-876                                                                                     10
SXS-40%                                                                                               10

      6-8 ounces p e r 100 pounds o f l a u n d r y . Heavy s o i l s may r e q u i r e
s l i g h t l y higher levels.

SOURCE: B u r l i n g t o n Chemical Co.:                Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s


                    Powder f o r A u t o m a t i c D i s h w a s h i n n M a c h i n e s

Ingredients:                                                                        YO     by W e i q h t
A Genapol 2908                                                                                    1 .oo
B Sodium m e t a s i 1 i c a t e x 5H20                                                          52.00
C Sodium c a r b o n a t e                                                                       10.00
  Sodi um d i c h l o r o i s o c y a n u r a t e                                                 2.00
  Thermphos N   W                                                                                35.00

Manufacturing:
I Spray A on B .
I 1 One a f t e r a n o t h e r , t h e components o f C a r e added t o 1
A p p l i c a t i o n : 1-29 d e t e r g e n t / L d i s h w a s h i n g l i q u o r

SOURCE: Hoechst A k t i e n g e s e l l s c h a f t : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n
                                                                                      Laundry Products       81



                         IndustriaT Heavy Duty Laundry L i q u i d
      Carbopol ETD 2691 is t o p r o v i d e p r o d u c t phase s t a b i l i z a t i o n i n
t h i s high a l k a l i n i t y i n d u s t r i a l strength cleaner.

I nsredient :                                                                                         Wt%
D I water                                                                                         49.00
Carbopol ETD 2691 ( 1 )                                                                            0.50
612-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 7 moles EO ( 2 )                                               18.00
Sodium a l k y l b e n z e n e s u l f o n a t e (60%) ( 3 )                                       5.50
Potassium h y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                                  2.00
Sodium m e t a s i l i c a t e , anhydrous                                                         5.00
T e t r a p o t a s s i u m pyrophosphate                                                         20.00

P h y s i c a l Pi-opert ie s :
     B r o o k f i e l d V i s c o s i t y (RVT-20 rpm): 900
     P r o d u c t pH: 14
     P r o d u c t C l a r i t y : Opaque

Raw M a t e r i a l S u p p l i e r s :
     ( 1 ) BFGoodrich
     ( 2 ) S h e l l Chemical C o . : Neodol 25-7
     ( 3 ) Stepan Co.: B i o s o f t D-62

PP.0cedure:
I . Use a b i g h t n i n ' M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an
     i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
     Screen t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e v o r t e x o f t h e r a p i d l y
     a g i t a t i n g w a t e r (800 rpm). A l l o w t o mix u n t i l homogeneous
     and f r e e o f polymer lumps.
2.   W i t h s l o w m i x i n g , add i n t h e a l c o h o l e t h o x y l a t e and a l k y l -
     benzene s u l f o n a t e s u r f a c t a n t s .
3.   C o n t i n u e a g i t a t i n g and add t h e p o t a s s i u m h y d r o x i d e and meta-
     s i li c a t e .
4.   Add i n t h e pyrophosphate w i t h minimal a g i t a t i o n t o a v o i d a i r
     entrapment.
5.   Add dyes and f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

Total Wcti ves :
     Sodi u a1 k y l benzene sul f o n a t e :
              m                                                   3.30
     C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 7 moles EO:              18.00
     T e t r a p o t a s s i u m pyrophosphate:                  20.00

SOURCE:      BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:                 DET-201
82   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulatioris


                              I n d u s t r i a l Laundry D e t e r a e n t s
                                  H i g h C a u s t i c Formula-

Components:                                                                       % bv Weiaht
Burco NPS-816                                                                            15.0
Burcosperse LP                                                                           10.0
B u r c o l i t e BSGH-255                                                                5.0
Dequest 2000                                                                              5.0
50% NaOH                                                                                65.0

Procedure:
     B l e n d a l l components e x c e p t 50% NaOH. S l o w l y add NaOH w i t h
a g i t a t i o n . Keep t e m p e r a t u r e below 1 6 0 F d u r i n g t h e e n t i r e
agitation.


                                 Mixed B u i l d e r F o r m u l a t i o n

Components:                                                                       % by Weight
Water                                                                                       31.5
45% KOH                                                                                     23.5
B u r c o s p e r s e LP                                                                    10.0
TKPP                                                                                        10.0
Burco NPS-816                                                                               15.0
S t a r Grade Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                        10.0

Procedure:
      D i s s o l v e KOH i n w a t e r . S l o w l y add Burcosperse LP w h i l e
a g i t a t i n g . Keep t e m p e r a t u r e below 160F. Add TKPP and s t i r u n t i l
d i s s o l v e d . Add Burco NPS-816, t h e n S t a r Grade Sodium S i l i c a t e
and b l e n d u n t i l u n i f o r m .

      Use l e v e l s a r e 6-12 ounces p e r 100 pounds,                    depending on s o i l
l o a d i n g , temperature, e t c .

SOURCE: B u r l i n g t o n Chemical Co.,             I n c . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s


                         Washi np P a s t e w i t h 81 e a c h i n g A g e n t

Ingredients:                                                                      % b y Weiaht
Water                                                                                    39.0
Sodium t r i p o l y p h o s p h a t e                                                     3.0
Sodium d i t h i o n i t                                                                  12.0
Xanthan Gum                                                                                2.0
Whi t e - s p i r i t                                                                    10.0
Lumorol 4154                                                                             30.0
Zusol a t 1005/85                                                                          5.0

SOURCE:      Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & Co.:                     F o r m u l a t i o n CT 07-06-01
                                                                                  Laundry Products      83



                                 L a u n d r y Deteraent-Consumer
                                                (Liquid)

      S o i l - B o d y o i l and p e r s p i r a t i o n , body w a s t e . make-up,        food s o i l
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Household w a s h i n g machine
      Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition:                                                                                      Wt%
Water                                                                                            37.6
Fluorescent Brightener                                                                            0.2
C a r b o x y m e t h y l c e l l u l o s e (CMC)                                                 0.5
* A c r y s o l A S E - I 08                                                                      6.0
**Nonylphenoxy P o l y e t h o x y e t h a n o l , 9-10 M o l e s €0                             10.0
Potassium H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                                 2.2
***Sodium C i t r a t e ( a n d / o r C i t r i c A c i d )                                      25.0
K a s i l #6 Potassium S i l i c a t e                                                           12.5
EDTA                                                                                              5.0
Enzymes ( P r o t e a s e )                                                                       1.o

x(     Rohm & Haas; o r Rhone-Poulenc C o l l o i d 225/35 P o l y a c r y l a t e
       (40%)
**     Rhone-Poul enc I g e p a l CO-630
***    A d j u s t p H w i t h c i t r i c a c i d t o m a i n t a i n pH f o r e f f e c t i v e
       enzyme p e r f o r m a n c e ( i . e . 8 . 5 - 9 . 5 p H ) .


                                   L a u n d r y Detergent-Consumer
                      I Z e o l i t e B u i l t , Z e r o Phosphate, L i q u i d )

      S o i l - B o d y o i l and p e r s p i r a t i o n , body w a s t e , f o o d s o i l ,   make-up
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n - p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Household w a s h i n g machine
      Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition :                                                                                     Wt%
Water                                                                                            52.6
C a r b o p o l 674                                                                               0.5
D L i q u i d Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                              8.1
* A c u s o l 445ND Sodium P o l y a c r y l a t e (92% s o l i d s )                             0.9
Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                          9.1
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                  24.5
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-.13, EO 6 . 5 M o l e s )                4.3

t:    Rohm & Haas
**    S h e l l Chemical Neodol 23-6.5

SOURCE:       PQ C o r p . :   Detergent Formulary Guide
84    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                 Laundry Detergent-Consumer
                                  ( Z e r o Phosphate, Powder)

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l grease, b l o o d , sebum and body waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n - p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Household Washing Machine
      Manufacture-Dry Blend/Agglomeration
Composition:                                                                                       Wt9/o
          m
Sodi u Carbonate                                                                                 30.0
B r i t e s i l H20 Hydrous P o l y s i l i c a t e                                              10.0
*Acusol 445ND Sodium P o l y a c r y l a t e (92% s o l i d s )                                   2.0
* * L i n e a r A 1 k y l benzene S u l f o n a t e (LAS)                                        10.0
* * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 moles EO; C12-15)                   5.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                  30.0
Sodi u S u l f a t e
          m                                                                                      12.5
O p t i c a l B r i g h t e n e r , Perfume                                                       0.5

Use L e v e l :    1000 ppm d e t e r g e n t d e l i v e r e d t o wash ( 1 gram
                   d e t e r g e n t / l i t e r o f water)

*      Rohm & Haas
**     Stepan Nacconol 9OG (90% a c t i v e ; powder)
***    Rhone-Poulenc Rhodasurf LA-7 o r LA-9 o r S h e l l Chemical
       Neodol 25-7


                                 Laundry Detergent-Consumer
                                    (Phosphate, Powder)

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t and p r o t e i n , body p e r s p i r a t i o n ,   g r a s s and
                dirt
      Surface-Polyester, cotton/polyester, cotton
      A p p l i c a t i o n Method-Household washing machine
      Manufacture-Dry blend/agglomeration

Composi t i on :                                                                                  Q
B r i t e s i l H20 Hydrous P o l y s i l i c a t e                                              10.0
*STPP                                                                                            30.0
*Sodium Carbonate                                                                                30.0
          m
Sodi u S u l f a t e                                                                             14.5
* * L i n e a r A1 k y l benzene Sul f o n a t e (LAS)                                           10.0
* * * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (7-9 Moles EO;           C12-15)            5.0
O p t i c a l B r i g h t e n e r , Perfume                                                       0.5

Use L e v e l :    1000 ppm d e t e r g e n t d e l i v e r e d t o wash ( 1 g r a m / l i t e r       of
                   water)

*      FMC
**     Stepan Nacconol 90G (90% a c t i v e ; powder)
***    Rhone-Poulenc Rhodasurf LA-7 o r LA-9 o r S h e l l Chemical Co.
       Neodol 25-7

SOURCE: PQ C o r p . :         D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                                      Laundry Products      85



                        Laundry B r e a k - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                                    ( L i q u i d , Phosphate1

     S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l a n d g r e a s e ; b l o o d , sebum and body
               waste
     S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition A :
Water                                                                                              34.1
TKPP                                                                                               10.0
P o t a s s i urn H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                          30.4
S t a r Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                                     18.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                      7.5

C o m p o s i t i o n B:                                                                            wts/,
Water                                                                                              25.6
TKPP                                                                                               10.0
P o t a s s i u m H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                          30.4
S t a r Sodi um S i 1 i c a t e                                                                    24.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                     10.0

Use D i l u t i o n :     Light Soil:      0.25% by w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s
                                           1a u n d r y
                          Medium t o Heavy S o i l : 0.25%-0.50% b y w e i g h t o r 1-2
                                                           l b s p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y
N o t e : Use b u i l d e r s o l u t i o n i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h l a u n d r y d e t e r g e n t
          ( u n b u i l t ) a t 2-4 p a r t s o f b u i l d e r t o 1 p a r t d e t e r g e n t .


                        Laundry B r e a k - I n d u s t r i a l   & Institutional
                                               (Liquid)

     S o i l - P e t r o l e u m o i l and g r e a s e , g r a p h i t e and c o l o r e d p i g m e n t
     S u r f a c e - P o l y e s t e r and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition:                                                                                        %
Water                                                                                             0-20
N C l e a r Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                               70-90
Sodium H y d r o x i d e (50%)                                                                   10-20

Use D i l u t i o n :     Light Soil:  0.25% b y w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s
                                       1a u n d r y
                    Medium/Heavy S o i l : 0.25%-0.50% b y w e i g h t o r 1-2
                                                    l b s p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y
Notes: Blend t h i s b u i l d e r s o l u t i o n t o 1.7-2.0 r a t i o Si02/Na20 b w
       f o r b e s t s t a b i l i t y and i n d u s t r i a l d e t e r g e n c y .
       D o r BJ-120 sodium s i l i c a t e s c a n a l s o b e used as b u i l d e r
       solutions without blending.
       Use b u i l d e r s o l u t i o n i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h l a u n d r y d e t e r g e n t
       ( u n b u i l t ) a t 2-4 p a r t s bw o f b u i l d e r t o 1 p a r t d e t e r g e n t .
SOURCE: PQ C o r p . : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n G u i d e
86     Advanced Cleaning Product Formulatiom


                  Laundry D e t e r s e n t - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                                (NTA/Zeol it e , P o w d e d

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and g r e a s e ; b l o o d , sebum and body
                waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
      Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration

Composi t i on :
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                                 25.0
Sodi um C a r b o n a t e                                                                            38.0
NTA                                                                                                  15.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 moles       EO; C 1 2 - 1 5 )              12.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                      10.0

Use L e v e l : L i g h t S o i l - O . 2 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                     1a u n d r y
                Medium S o i l - 0 . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                        1a u n d r y
                Heavy S o i l - 0 . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                     1a u n d r y

N o t e : Use B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f M e t s o Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y or
          f u l l y , i f l o w e r a l k a l i n i t y i s d e s i r e d and more s u s p e n d i n g /
          e m u l s i f y i n g power i s needed. B r i t e s i l H20 w i l l a l s o i n -
          c r e a s e t h e s u r f a c t a n t adsorbency o f d e t e r g e n t b l e n d .

*    Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
     S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7


                      L a u n d r y B r e a k - I n d u s t r i a1 & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                                    ( Z e r o Phosphate, Powder)

      S o i l - P e t r o l e u m o i l and g r e a s e , g r a p h i t e and c o l o r e d p i g m e n t
      S u r f a c e - P o l y e s t e r and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
      M a n u f a c t u r e - U s e as r e c e i v e d

Composi t i on :                                                                                     Wt46
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                                100.0

Use D i l u t i o n :   L i g h t S o i l - O . 2 5 % by w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                             1a u n d r y
                        Medium S o i l - 0 . 5 0 % by w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                                1a u n d r y -
                        Heavy S o i l - O . 7 5 % by w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 100 I b s
                                             1a u n d r y

N o t e : Use i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h l a u n d r y d e t e r g e n t ( u n b u i l t )   at
          2-4 p a r t s b w o f b u i l d e r w i t h 1 p a r t d e t e r g e n t .

SOURCE: PQ C o r p . :         D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                                   Laundqi Products   87



                 Laundry D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l 8 I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                                 (Phosphate, Powder)

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and g r e a s e ; b l o o d , sebum and body
                waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l washing machine
      Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration
Composition:                                                                                    WtO/o
Metso Beads 2048                                                                               25.0
*Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                      35.0
*STPP                                                                                          30.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (7-9 m o l e s EO; C12-15)                 10.0
Use L e v e l : L i g h t Soi 1-0.25% b y w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y
                      Medium S o i l - O . 5 0 % by w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                           1a u n d r y
                      Heavy S o i l - O . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                          1a u n d r y
N o t e : Use B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f Metso Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y
            o r f u l l y , i f l o w e r a l k a l i n i t y i s d e s i r e d and more suspend-
            i n g / e m u l s i f y i n g power i s needed. B r i t e s i l H20 w i l l a l s o
            i n c r e a s e t h e s u r f a c t a n t adosrbency o f d e t e r g e n t b l e n d .
x<      FMC
**      Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
        S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7


                 Laundry D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l 8 I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                          (Sodium Carbonate, Powder)

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and grease; b l o o d , sebum and body
                waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l washing machine
      Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration
Composi t i on :                                                                                Q
Metso Beads 2048                                                                               25.0
Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                       55.0
Sodi um S u l f a t e                                                                          10.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 moles EO; C12-15)                    10.0
Use L e v e l : L i g h t Soi 1-0.25% b y w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y
                      Medium S o i l - 0 . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                            1a u n d r y
                      Heavy S o i l - O . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                         1a u n d r y
N o t e : Use B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f M e t s o Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y o r
            f u l l y , i f l o w e r a l k a l i n i t y i s d e s i r e d and more s u s p e n d i n g /
            e m u l s i f y i n g power i s needed. B r i t e s i l H20 w i l l a l s o i n -
            c r e a s e t h e s u r f a c t a n t adsorbency o f d e t e r g e n t b l e n d .
'
k     Rhone-Poulenc Rhodasurf LA-7 o r LA-9 o r S h e l l Chemical Neodol
      25-7

SQURCE:      PQ G o r p . : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n G u i d e
88   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                     Laundry B r e a k - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                       (Phosphate. Powder, H i g h A l k a l i n i t y )

   S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and grease; b l o o d , sebum and body
             waste
   S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
   A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l washing machine
   Manufacture-Dry b l end/Agglomeration
Composition A :                                                                                 Wt%
Metso Beads 2048                                                                              60.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e Beads                                                                40.0
Composition 8:                                                                                  Wt%
Metso Beads 2048                                                                              30.0
*STPP                                                                                         20.0
*Sodium Carbonate                                                                             28.0
Carboxymethylcellulose                                                                          2.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e Beads                                                                20.0
Use D i l u t i o n : L i g h t S o i l - 0 . 2 5 % by w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s
                         1aundry
                         Medium S o i l - 0 . 5 0 % by w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 1 0 0 I b s
                         1aundry
                         Heavy S o i l - 0 . 7 5 % by w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 1 0 0 lbs
                         1aundry
Note: Use t h e s e a l k a l i b u i l d e r s i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h l a u n d r y
        d e t e r g e n t ( u n b u i l t ) a t 2-4 p a r t s bw o f b u i l d e r w i t h 1 p a r t
        detergent
* FMC


                     Laundrv B r e a k - I n d u s t r i a1 8, I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                     ( Z e r o Phosphate Powder, H i ah A1 k a l in i t v )

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and grease; b l o o d , sebum and body
                waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l washing machine
      Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration
Composi t i on A :                                                                                 Wt%
Metso Beads 2048                                                                                  60.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e Beads                                                                    40.0
Composition 8:                                                                                     W S
Metso Beads 2048                                                                                  30.0
         m
Sodi u Carbonate                                                                                  28.0
Carboxymethylcel l u l o s e                                                                       2.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e Beads                                                                    20.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                   20.0
Use L e v e l : L i g h t S o i l - 0 . 2 5 % by w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y
                      Medium S o i l - 0 . 5 0 % by w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 100 I b s
                                           1aundry
                      Heavy S o i l - O . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 0 0 l b s
                                        1aundry
N o t e : Use t h e s e a l k a l i b u i l d e r s i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h l a u n d r y d e t -
           e r g e n t ( u n b u i l t ) a t 2 - 4 p a r t s bw o f b u i l d e r w t h 1 p a r t
           detergent
SOURCE: PQ C o r p . : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                                    Laundry Products   89



                 Laundry D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l 8 I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                          (Reduced Phosphate, Powder)

     S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and g r e a s e ; b l o o d , sebum and body
               waste
     S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration
Composition:                                                                                   Wt%
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                          25.0
*Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                     35.0
*STPP                                                                                         20.0
% * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 m o l e s EO; C12-15)             10.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                               10.0
Use L e v e l : L i g h t S o i l - 0 . 2 5 % by w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 1 0 0 l b s l a u n d r y
                     Medium S o i l - 0 . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                          1a u n d r y
                     Heavy S o i l - O . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                        1a u n d r y
N o t e : Use B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f M e t s o Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y
           o r f u l l y , i f l o w e r a l k a l i n i t y i s d e s i r e d and more suspend-
           i n g / e m u l s i f y i ng power i s needed. B r i t e s i 1 H20 w i 11 a1 so
           i n c r e a s e t h e s u r f a c t a n t adsorbency o f d e t e r g e n t b l e n d .
96    FMC
dc* Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
     S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7


                 Laundry D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                                       (NTA, Powder)

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and g r e a s e ; b l o o d , sebum and body
                waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a1 washi ng machine
      Manufacture-Dry blend/Agglomeration
Composi t i on :                                                                                Wt%
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                          25.0
Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                      40.0
NTA                                                                                           25.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 moles EO; C12-15)                   10.0
Use L e v e l : L i g h t S o i l - 0 . 2 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y
                      Medium S o i l - 0 . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                            1a u n d r y
                      Heavy S o i l - 0 . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                         1a u n d r y
N o t e : U s e B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f M e t s o Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y o r
            f u l l y , i f l o w e r a l k a l i n i t y i s d e s i r e d and more s u s p e n d i n g /
            e m u l s i f y i n g power i s needed. B r i t e s i l H20 w i l l also i n -
            crease t h e s u r f a c t a n t adsorbency o f d e t e r g e n t b l e n d .
*Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r S h e l l Chemical Neodol
  25-7

SOURCE:      PQ C s r p . : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n G u i d e
90     Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


                  Laundry D e t e r q e n t - I n d u s t r i a l B I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                    (Sodium Carbonate w i t h F l o w A i d . Powder)

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and grease; b l o o d , sebum and body
                waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      Appl ic a t ion Method-I n d u s t r ia1 wash ing mach i ne
      Manufacture-Dry blend/agglomeration

Composi t ion :                                                                                  Wt%
Metso Beads 2048                                                                                20.0
Sodium Carbonate                                                                                55.0
Sodi um S u l f a t e                                                                           10.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 moles EO; C 1 2 - 1 5 )               10.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                  5.0

Use L e v e l :   L i g h t S o i l : 0.25% by w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                      1aundry
                  Medium S o i l : 0 . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                        1 aundry
                  Heavy S o i l : 0.75% b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                      1 aundry

Note: Use B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f Metso Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y
      o r f u l l y , i f l o w e r a l k a l i n i t y i s d e s i r e d and more sus-
      p e n d i n g / e m u l s i f y i n g power i s needed. B r i t e s i l H20 w i l l
      a l s o i n c r e a s e t h e s u r f a c t a n t adsorbency o f d e t e r g e n t b l e n d .

*    Rhone-Poulenc Rhodasurf LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
     S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7


                  Laundry D e t e r g a n t - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                            IPhosphate, S o l i d Block)

      S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l and grease; b l o o d , sebum and body
                waste
      S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
      A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a1 washing machine
      Manufacture-Sol i d b l o c k

Composi t i on :                                                                                Wt%
Metso Beads 2048                                                                                25.0
NaOH ( 5 0 % S o l u t i o n )                                                                  25.0
*STPP                                                                                           35.0
*Sodium Carbonate                                                                               12.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (7-9 Moles EO; C12-15)                       3.0
*     M
     F C
**   Rhone-Poulenc Rhodasurf LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
     S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7

SOURCE:      PQ C o r p . :   D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
                                                                                         Laundry Products   91


                Laundry D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l and I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                             (Zero Phosphate, Powder)

     S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d f a t , o i l g r e a s e , b l o o d , sebum and body w a s t e
     S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     Manufacture-Dry Blend/Agglomeration

Composition :                                                                                  Wt%
Sodi um C a r b o n a t e                                                                     35.0
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 moles € 0 ; C12-15)                 15.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                               25.0
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                          25.0
Use L e v e l : L i g h t S o i l - 0 . 2 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y
                      Medium S o i l - O . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                          1a u n d r y
                      Heavy S o i l - 0 . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                                        1a u n d r y
N o t e : Use B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f M e t s o Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y o r
            f u l l y , i f l o w e r a1 k a l in i t y is d e s i r e d and more s u s p e n d i n g /
            e m u l s i f y i n g powder i s needed. B r i t e s i l H20 w i l l a l s o i n -
            crease t h e s u r f a c t a n t adsorbency o f d e t e r g e n t blend.
*Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
   S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7


                L a u n d r y D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l and I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                                   ( Z e r o Phosphate, Powder)

     S o i l - P e t r o l e u m o i l and g r e a s e , g r a p h i t e and c o l o r e d p i g m e n t
     S u r f a c e - P o l y e s t e r and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     M a n u f a c t u r e - D r y B1 end/Aggl o m e r a t i on

Composi t ion :                                                                                 Wt%
Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                      44.5
* L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t ( 7 - 9 moles EO; C12-15)                   18.0
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                               30.0
* * A c u s o l 445ND Sodium P o l y a c r y l a t e (92% s o l i d s )                         2.5
M e t s o Beads 2048                                                                            5.0
Use L e v e l : L i g h t S o i 1-0.25% b y w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 1 0 0 l b s l a u n d r y
                      Medium S o i l - O . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t o r 2 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                          1a u n d r y
                      Heavy S o i l - 0 . 7 5 % b y w e i g h t o r 3 l b s p e r 100 l b s
                                        1a u n d r y
N o t e : Use B r i t e s i l H20 i n p l a c e o f M e t s o Beads 2048, p a r t i a l l y o r
            f u l l y , i f l o w e r a l k a l i n i t y i s d e s i r e d and more s u s p e n d i n g /
            e m u l s i f y i n g power i s needed. B r i t e s i l H20 w i l l a l s o i n -
            crease t h e s u r f a c t a n t adsorbency o f d e t e r g e n t b l e n d .
        Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9 o r
          S h e l l Chemical Neodol 25-7
**      Rohm & Haas

SOURCE:      PQ Corp. : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n G u i d e
92   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                Laundry D e t e r q e n t - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                          [ P h o s p h a t e B u i 1t , L i q u i d )

     S o i l - B o d y o i l and p e r s p i r a t i o n , body waste, make-up,               food s o i l
     S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition A:                                                                                    Wt%
Water                                                                                           54.5
TKPP                                                                                             4.6
P o t a s s i u m H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                       13.7
S t a r s o Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                              15.0
Sodi um H v d r o x i d e ( 5 0 %.)
                                ,                                                                4.2
*PhosphaGe E s t e r                                                                             5.0
**Liquid Nonionic Surfactant                    (C12-C15,         7-9 M o l e s € 0 )            3.0

C o m p o s i t i o n B:                                                                    Wt%
Water                                                                                      59.1
P o t a s s i u m H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                  13.7
S t a r s o Sodi um S i 1 i c a t e                                                        15.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e ( 5 0 % )                                                          4.2
*Phosphate E s t e r                                                                        5.0
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-C15, 9 Moles EO)                   3.0
Use D i l u t i o n : 0 . 2 5 % - 0 . 5 0 % b y w e i g h t or 1-2 l b s p e r 1 0 0 l b s
                         1a u n d r y
*       Rhone-Poulenc Rhodafac RE-610
**      Rhone-Poulenc R h o d a s u r f LA-7 o r LA-9


                Laundry D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l   & Institutional
                                            ( L i quid)

     Soi 1-Body o i 1 and p e r s p i r a t i o n , body w a s t e , make-up,                 food soi 1
     S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition:                                                                      wts/,
Water                                                                           28.7
F1 u o r e s c e n t B r i g h t e n e r                                          0.1
C a r b o x y m e t h y l c e l l u l o s e (CMC)                                 0.5
* A c r y s o l ASE-108 ( A c r y l i c P o l y m e r )                           6.0
**Nonylphenoxy P o l y e t h o x y e t h a n o l , 9-1 0 M o l e s EO           10.0
P o t a s s i um H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                          2.2
TKPP (60%)                                                                      40.0
K a s i 1 #6 P o t a s s i um S i 1 i c a t e                                   12.5
Use D i l u t i i o n : 0.25%-0.50% by w e i g h t or 1-2 l b s p e r 1 0 0 I b s
                            1a u n d r y
*  Rohm & Haas; or Rhone-Poulenc C o l l o i d 226/35 P o l y a c r y l a t e (40%)
**Rhone-Poulenc I g e p a l CO-630

SOURCE: PQ C o r p . :      Detergent Formulary Guide
                                                                                    Laundry Products        93



                   Laundry B u i l d e r - I n d u s t r i a l   & Institutional
                                              (L iquid)

     S o i l - A c i d i c f o o d , f a t , o i l and grease; b l o o d , sebum and body
               waste
     S u r f a c e - P o l y e s t e r and c o t t o n / p o l y e s t e r
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l w a s h i n g machine
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t i r r e r

Composition A :                                                                                     Wt%
P o t a s s i u m H y d r o x i d e (45%)                                                        35-45
i C l e a r o r E Sodium S i l i c a t e
U                                                                                                55-65

C o m p o s i t i o n B:                                                                            Wt%
Water                                                                                              11.0
Potassium Hydroxide ( S o l i d )                                                                  37.0
N C l e a r or E Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                            52.0

Composition C:                                                                                      Wt%
Water                                                                                               6.0
Potassium Hydroxide ( S o l i d )                                                                  28.0
N C l e a r o r E Sodium S i l i c a t e                                                           52.0
Sodium H y d r o x i d e ( S o l i d )                                                             14.0

Use D i l u t i o n :   Light Soil:  0.25% by w e i g h t o r 1 l b p e r 100 l b s
                                     1a u n d r y
                        Medium t o Heavy S o i l : 0.25%-0.50% b y w e i g h t o r 1-2
                                                   l b s p e r 100 l b s l a u n d r y

N o t e : Use b u i l d e r s o l u t i o n i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h l a u n d r y d e t e r g e n t
          ( u n b u i l t ) a t 2-4 p a r t s bw o f b u i l d e r t o 1 p a r t d e t e r g e n t


                  Laundry D e t e r g e n t - I n d u s t r i a l & I n s t i t u t i o n a l
                    ( Z e o l i t e B u i l t , Z e r o Phosphate, L i q u i d )

     S o i l - B o d y o i l and p e r s p i r a t i o n , body waste, f o o d s o i l ,           make-up
     S u r f a c e - C o t t o n and. c o t t o n - p o l y e s t e r -
     A p p l i c a t i o n M e t h o d - I n d u s t r i a l washing    a c h i ne
     Manufacture-Mix t a n k w i t h p r o p e l l e r s t r r e r

Composition:                                                                                        WtO/o
Water                                                                                            57.06
C a r b o p o l 674                                                                               0.5
Metso Beads 2048                                                                                  2.7
*Acusol 445N Sodi um P o l y a c r y a t e (45% s o l d s )                                       1.04
Sodium C a r b o n a t e                                                                          9.1
V a l f o r 100 Z e o l i t e A                                                                  24.5
* * L i q u i d N o n i o n i c S u r f a c t a n t (C12-13; EO 6 . 5 M o l e s )                 4.3

8    Rohm 8: Haas
**   S h e l l Chemical Neodol 2 3 - 6 . 5

SOURCE:      PQ C o r p . : D e t e r g e n t F o r m u l a t i o n Guide
94    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                          Laundry P r e s o o t t e r S p r a y a b l e Gel

       Carbopol ETD 2623 i s used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n t o c o s t e f f e c -
t i v e l y t h i c k e n t h e s u r f a c t a n t system i n t o a g e l f o r m - which can
be a p p l i e d t o t h e f a b r i c by b r u s h o r sprayed on due to C a r b o p a l ' s
shear t h i n n i n g n a t u r e .

Inaredi ent:
D I water                                                                                  83.75
Carbopol ETD 2623 ( 1 )                                                                     0.20
C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 3 moles €0 ( 2 )                                        10.00
C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 males €0 ( 3 )                                     5.00
EDTA ( t e t r a sodium s a l t )                                                           0.50
Sodium h y d r o x i d e (18%)                                                              0.55

     B r o o k f i e l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20 rpm): 8,300 cps
     P r o d u c t pH: 7.0-8.0
     P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

( 1 ) BFGoodrich
( 2 ) S h e l l Chemical Co.:         Neodol 25-3
( 3 ) S h e l l Chemical C o . :      Neodol 23-6.5

Procedure:
1 . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n ( 8 0 0 rpm) p r o v i d e d by a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i ng and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    screen t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
    f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 15 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
    eous.
2 . Add i n b o t h o f t h e a l c o h o l e t h o x y l a t e s u r f a c t a n t s . M i x u n t i l
    homogeneous.
3. Add i n t h e EDTA.
4 . Add i n t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e u n t i l t h e pH i s a t t a i n e d .
5 . Add c o l o r and f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

Total Actives:
   C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 3 moles EO ( 2 ) :                10.0
   C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 moles EO ( 3 ) :             5.0

SOURCE:     BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals: DET-224
                                                                               Laundry Products         95



                        Laundry Presootter Sorayable L i q u i d

      Carbopol ETD 2 6 2 3 i s used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n t o s l i g h t l y
t h i c k e n t h e s u r f a c t a n t system and e n a b l e t h e p r o d u c t t o s t a y i n
c o n t a c t w i t h t h e s o i l l o n g e r b y r e d u c i n g seepage t h r o u g h t h e
fabric.

I n s r e d ie n t :                                                                          Wt%
D I water                                                                                  84.30
Carbopol ETO 2623 ( 1 )                                                                     0.05
C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 3 moles €0 ( 2 )                                        10.00
C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l , 6 . 5 moles €0 ( 3 )                                     5.00
EOTA ( t e t r a sodium s a l t )                                                           0.50
Sodi u h y d r o x i d e (18%)
      m                                                                                     0.15

     B r o o k f i e l d v i s c o s i t y (RVT-20   rpm) : 2 5 0 cps
     P r o d u c t pH: 7 . 0 - 8 . 0
     P r o d u c t c l a r i t y : Opaque

( 1 ) BFGoodri ch
( 2 ) S h e l l Chemical Co.: Neodol 2 5 - 3
( 3 ) S h e l l Chemical Co.: Neodol 2 3 - 6 . 5

Procedure:
I . U s i n g moderate a g i t a t i o n (800 rpm) p r o v i d e d b y a L i g h t n i n '
    M i x e r o r s i m i l a r v a r i a b l e speed u n i t and an i m p e l l e r s u i t a b l e
    f o r g e n e r a l m i x i n g and b l e n d i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i s p e r s e o r
    s c r e e n t h e Carbopol r e s i n i n t o t h e D I w a t e r . M i x t h e s l u r r y
    f o r a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1 5 m i n u t e s o r u n t i l t h e s l u r r y i s homogen-
     eous.
2.  Add i n b o t h o f t h e a l c o h o l e t h o x y l a t e s u r f a c t a n t s . Mix u n t i l
    homogeneous.
3 . Add i n t h e EDTA.
4 . Add i n t h e sodium h y d r o x i d e u n t i l t h e pH i s a t t a i n e d .
5 . Add c o l o r s o l u t i o n and f r a g r a n c e , as d e s i r e d .

Total Actives:
   C12-15 l i n e a r a l c o h o l ,     3 moles EO:             10.0
   C12-13 l i n e a r a l c o h o l ,     6 . 5 moles EO:          5.0

SOURCE:       BFGoodrich S p e c i a l t y Chemicals:           DET-220
96   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations


                               L i g h t Duty L i q u i d Detergent

Ingredients:                                                                 wej-ghs
Water                                                                          48.45
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                 7.50
C a l s o f t L-60                                                             30.00
Calamide C                                                                       5.00
C a l foam EA-603                                                                8.30
C a l s o f t LAS-99                                                             0.60
C i t r i c Acid                                                                 0.10
Sodium C i t r a t e                                                             0.05
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . pH=7.1
2 . Add C i t r i c A c i d i f pH i s h i g h o r Sodium C i t r a t e i f pH i s l o w .
3 . V i s c o s i t y s h o u l d b e 300 c P s .
      F o r m u l a t i o n LDL-001-01


                               L i s h t Duty Liquid Detergent

Ingredients:                                                                            Weight%
Water                                                                                    22.31
C a l s o f t L-60                                                                       39.70
P1 l o t s x s - 4 0                                                                     22.10
Calamide C                                                                                 7.06
C a l f o a m EA-603                                                                       7.35
C a l s o f t LAS-99                                                                       0.56
Opaci f i e r                                                                              0.88
Sod1 um C i t r a t e                                                                      0.04
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . Add e i t h e r C i t r i c A c i d o r C a l s o f t LAS-99        t o a d j u s t pH t o
     7.0-7.2.
2 . S o l i d s 45%.
3 . S u b s t i t u t i n g C a l s o f t L-40   for   C a l s o f t L-60 w i l l   lower
    p r o d u c t s o l i d s t o 42%.
    F o r m u l a t i o n LDL-002-01


                               L i g h t Duty L i q u i d Detergent

Ingredients:                                                                          Weight%
Water                                                                                   18.80
Calsuds A                                                                               70.00
C a l foam ES-303                                                                       10.00
Perfume                                                                                  0.10
K a t h o n CG                                                                           0.10
Opaci f ie r                                                                             1.oo
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . I f o p a c i f i e r i s t o be added, w i t h h o l d 5% o f t h e w a t e r
2 . Add t h e o p a c i f i e r t o t h e w a t e r p r i o r t o a d d i n g t o t h e
      detergent.
      F o r m u l a t i o n LDL-004-01

SOURCE:      P i l o t Chemical C o . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                                     Laundry Products   97



                                L i g h t -Duty L i q u i d Detergent

Ingredi ents :                                                                              Weight%
Water                                                                                         50.20
C a l s u d s CD-6                                                                           25.00
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                               6.80
C a l foam EA-603                                                                             10.00
Cal s o f t LAS-99                                                                              6.00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . I n g r e d i e n t s s h o u l d be added i n t h e o r d e r l i s t e d t o a i d i n
    blending.
2. Sodium C i t r a t e / C i t r i c A c i d s h o u l d be added f o r pH a d j u s t m e n t
    t o 7+.
3 . S a l t ( S o d i u m o r Ammonium C h l o r i d e ) w i l l r a i s e t h e v i s c o s i t y .
    F o r m u l a t i o n LDL-006-01


                                 L i g h t Duty L i q u i d Detergent

In g r e d i e n t s :                                                                      Weight%
Water                                                                                        36.90
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                               5.00
C a l s o f t T-60                                                                           40.00
C a l foam ES-303                                                                            15.00
Calamide C                                                                                     2.00
P r e s e r v a t iv e                                                                         0.10
S o d i um C h l o r i d e                                                                     1 .00

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   V i s c o s i t y 275 cPs.
   Sol i d ~ = 3 2 - 3 3 %
   pH=6.2
   F o r m u l a t i o n LOI-007-01


                                 L i g h t Duty L i q u i d Detergent

Ingredients:                                                                                Weight%
Water                                                                                        65.16
P i l o t sxs-40                                                                               6.29
L i n e a r A1 coho1 E t h o x y l a t e                                                        2.52
NaOH, 5 0 %                                                                                     2.81
D i e t h a n o l am1 ne                                                                        0.43
C a l s o f t LAS-99                                                                           19.77

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   S o l 1 ds=30%
   Good f o r g r e a s y a p p l i c a t i o n s .
   F o r m u l a t i o n IDL-006-01

SOURCE:       P i l o t C h e m i c a l Co : S u g g e s t e d F o r m u l a t i o n s
98   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                              L i g h t Duty L i q u i d Detergent

I n g r e d i ent-sl                                                           Weight%
Water                                                                           13.90
Ammonium C h l o r i d e                                                          2.40
P i l o t sxs-40                                                                19.60
C a l s o f t L-60                                                              44.10
Cal foam ES-303                                                                  15.80
Calamide C                                                                        4.00
C i t r i c Acid                                                                  0.10
P r e s e r v a t iv e                                                            0.10

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . “ A s i s ” pH=8.0.
2 . Add C i t r i c A c i d i n p l a c e o f Sodium C i t r a t e t o l o w e r pH.
    F o r m u l a t i o n LDL-009-01


                              Ligh-t- D u t y L i q u i d D e t e r q e n t
                                  C a l s o f t LAS-99 Based

Ingredients:                                                                   Weight%
Water                                                                           43.60
NaOH, 50%                                                                         5.80
C a l s o f t LAS-99                                                            21.70
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                16.70
Cal foam ES-303                                                                   3.00
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                           8.00
C i t r i c Acid                                                                  0.10
Opaci f ie r                                                                      1 .oo
Preservative                                                                      0.10

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   A d d in g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r 1 is t e d .
   F o r m u l a t i o n LDL-011-01


                               L i g h t D u t y L i q u i d Detergent
                                     C a l s o f t LAS-99 Based

Ingredients:                                                                   Weight%
Water                                                                           52.40
NaOH, 50%                                                                         4.40
Cal s o f t LAS-99                                                              16.30
Calamide C                                                                        5.00
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                12.50
Cal foam ES-303                                                                   2.20
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                           6.00
C i t r i c Acid                                                                  0.10
Opaci f ie r                                                                      1.oo

Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
   Add ingredients i n order l i s t e d .
   F o r m u l a t i o n LDL-012-01
SOURCE: P i l o t Chemical Co. : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
                                                                                Laundry Products        99



                                a h t Duty L i q u i d Detergent
                                   __ o f t LAS-99 Based
                                   Cals
Inaredients;                                                                             Weight%
Water                                                                                     54.60
C a l s o f t LAS-99                                                                       16.30
NaOH, 50%                                                                                   4.35
Alcohol Ethoxyl a t e                                                                      10.00
Calamide C                                                                                  2.05
P i l o t SXS-40                                                                           12.50
Perfume                                                                                     0.10
P r e s e r v a t iv e                                                                      0.10
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r l i s t e d .
      Formul a t i on LDL-014-01

                                Light DutLLCquid D e t e r E n t
                         Dry Cleaner:   Pre-Spot-Water S o l u b l e
Ingredients:                                                                                 Weight%
Water                                                                                          75.70
Calamide C                                                                                       2.00
C a l o x y l a t e N-9                                                                        11.00
C a l i mu1 s e PRS                                                                            11 .oo
C i t r i c Acid                                                                                 0.20
Perfume & C o l o r                                                                              0.10
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
1 . Add i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r 1 i s t e d . V i s c o s i t y i n c r e a s e s as
     C a l o x y l a t e N-9 i s added.
2 . A c l e a r p r o d u c t i s o b t a i n e d when a l l i n g r e d i e n t s a r e m i x e d
     together.
3 . D e t e r g e n t f r a g r a n c e R-1264 can be used i n t h i s f o r m u l a .
4 . Use l e v e l : d i l u t e 8 : l w i t h w a t e r .
      F o r m u l a t i o n LDY-001-01

                                Li-ght D u t y Li.qu2d D e t e r g e n t
                                            Wool _Wash
I c g r e d i ents-:                                                                     Wei g h t %
C a l s o f t T-60                                                                         14.15
C a l ami d e CW-100                                                                         5.48
C a l f o a m ES-303                                                                       39.64
C i t r i c Acid                                                                             0.13
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
      The room t e m p e r a t u r e v i s c o s i t y i s a b o u t 520 c P s .
      F o r m u l a t i o n LDY-002-01

                                L i g h t D u t E L i q u j d Detergent
                                --

                                              Wool Wash
 ng
I r e d i g nt s :                                                                      We1 g h t %
Calsuds A                                                                                 50.06
Water                                                                                     49.93
Comments a b o u t t h i s f o r m u l a :
    The room t e m p e r a t u r e v i s c o s i t y i s a b o u t 25 c P s .
    F o r m u l a t i o n LDY-004-01

SOURCE:      P i l o t Chemical Co. : Stiggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
100   Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                   Two Part Industria1 Laundry Deteraents
                                 Break Formulations
                               Hi q h l v A 1 kal ine Break
Components:                                                   % by   Weight
Water                                                                     5
Burcosperse LP                                                           10
Burcolite BSGH-255                                                        5
Dequest 2000                                                              5
50% NaOH                                                                 75

                                Mixed Builder Break
Components:                                                   %   by Weight
Water                                                                 40.0
45% KOH                                                               27.5
Burcosperse LP                                                         10.0
TKPP                                                                  10.0
Sodi um Si 1 i cate (Star Grade)                                      12.5
Procedure:
    Add components in the order listed. Blend until homogeneous
between each addition. Keep temperature below 160F during
bl endi ng.

                                 Detergent Additive
Components:                                                   % by   Weight
Water                                                                 60.00
Burco NPS-816                                                         10.00
Neodol 25-7                                                           12.50
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic Acid                                           11.65
TEA-85                                                                 5.85
Procedure:
   Add components in the order listed. Blend until homogeneous
between each addition.
Use Level:
   Break: 4-12 ounces/100 pounds
   Detergent: 2-4 ounces/100 pounds

SOURCE: Burlington Chemical Co., Inc.: Suggested Formulations
                                                                                 Laundry Products      101



                                 U l t r a L i q u i d Laundrv Deterqent
Ingredients:                                                                                          Wt%
A l p h a - S t e p MC-48                                                                            29.0
Sodi urn 01e a t e                                                                                     5.0
Alcohol, Ethoxylate, 7                                                                               19.0
Borax                                                                                                  1.3
3A A l c o h o l                                                                                       0.5
P r o p y l ene G1 y c o l                                                                             5.0
PVP K-15                                                                                               0.8
W a t e r , f r a g r a n c e & dye                                                    Q . S . t o 100.0
M i x i n g Procedure:
      Combine A l p h a - S t e p MC-48, p r o p y l e n e g l y c o l , a l c o h o l e t h o x y -
l a t e and w a t e r w h i l e m i x i n g u n t i l s o l u t i o n i s homogeneous.
H e a t t o a p p r o x i m a t e l y 50 deg. C, add sodium o l e a t e and m i x
u n t i l s o l u t i o n and i s a g a i n homogeneous. A l l o w m i x t u r e t o
c o o l t o room t e m p e r a t u r e and add t h e r e m a i n i n g i n g r e d i e n t s w i t h
m i x i n g . A d j u s t p H w i t h c a u s t i c soda o r c i t r i c a c i d i f n e c e s s a r y .
Typical Formulation Properties:
      F o r m u l a t i o n D e s c r i p t i o n : SME/Soap Based HDL
      pfl: 8-10
      V i s c o s i t y : 200-350 c p s
      Density: 8.6
      Appearance: C l e a r , l i g h t y e l l o w 1 q u i d
      Use I n s t r u c t i o n s : Use 1 / 3 c u p p e r n o r m a l s i z e w a s h l o a d
Comment:
      A l p h a - S t e p MC-48 i s an e x c e l l e n t           oap s o l u b i l i z e r t h a t c a n
make h i g h soap l e v e l s p o s s i b l e i n f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s .
F o r m u l a t i o n N o . 658
                                               F i n e F a b r i c Wash
Ingredients:                                                                                          Wt%
Water, D . I .                                                                                       43.4
A l p h a - S t e p MC-48                                                                            46.0
N i n o l 30-LL                                                                                        4.6
Sodi um c h l o r i d e                                                                                6.0
M i x i n g Procedure:
      Charge w a t e r and MC-48 and m i x . Add 30-LL and m i x u n t i l
homogeneous. Add sodium c h l o r i d e t o t h i c k e n . A d j u s t pH w i t h
s u l f u r i c a c i d o r sodium h y d r o x i d e as n e c e s s a r y .
Properties:
      Appearance: C l e a r y e l l o w l i q u i d
      pH, as i s : 7 . 5
      V i s c o s i t y @ 25 deg. C, c p s : 220
      S o l i d s , %: 2 9 . 0
      F r e e z e / t h a w , 3 c y c l e s : pass
      C o l d s t o r a g e @ 4 deg. C, 1 week: p a s s
      H i g h temp. s t o r a g e @ 50 deg. C, 1 week: p a s s
      Density, l b s / g a l : 0.6
Use I n s t r u c t i o n s :
      Use s m a l l amount f o r hand w a s h i n g o r 1 / 4 cup f o r machine
washing.
Comment :
      The s u r f a c t a n t s used i n t h i s f o r m u l a t i o n a r e d e r i v e d f r o m
o l e o c h e m i c a l r e s o u r c e s and a r e b i o d e g r a d a b l e .
F o r m u l a t i o n No. 358
SOURCE: Stepan C o . : Suggested F o r m u l a t i o n s
9. Metal Cleaners and Polish
                                                                            Metal Cleaners and Polishes         103



                                          Acid Metal Cleaner*

      The c o m b i n a t i o n o f Veegum and Rhodopol 2 3 suspends t h a a b r a -
s i v e and p r o v i d e s a s t a b l e , f r e e f l o w i n g c l e a n e r w i t h good
v e r t i c a l s u r f a c e c l i n g . Veegum i s p r o t e c t e d a g a i n s t f l o c c u l a t i o n
i n t h i s pH 1 c o m p o s i t i o n t h r o u g h base exchange w i t h t h e i m i d -
a z o l i n e . T e t r a s o d i u m EDTA f a c i l i t a t e s t h i s exchange. Veegum
and Rhodopol p r o v i d e s y n e r g i s t i c t h i c k e n i ng w i t h b e t t e r v i s c o s i t y
s t a b i l i t y and i n h i b i t i o n o f s y n e r e s i s t h a n i s p o s s i b l e w i t h
e i t h e r t h i c k e n e r a l o n e . Diatomaceous E a r t h p r o v i d e s good c l e a n s -
i n g and p o l i s h i n g .

Inqredients:                                                                                               &
                                                                                                           y
A: Veegum                                                                                                 0.8
   Rhodopol 23                                                                                            0.4
   Water                                                                                                 72.1

6: T e t r a s o d i u m EDTA                                                                             0.9
   1 - H y d r o x y e t h y l - 2 - c a p r y l i m i d a z o l i ine                                    0.8
   Phosphoric a c i d                                                                                    15.0
   Diatomaceous E a r t h                                                                                10.0

Procedure:
      B l e n d Veegum and Rhodopol       S l o w l y add them t o t h e w a t e r w h i l e
a g i t a t i ng a t maximum a v a i 1ab e s h e a r . C o n t i n u e m i x i n g u n t i l
smooth. Add B i n g r e d i e n t s i n o r d e r , m i x i n g w e l l a f t e r each
a d d i t i o n u n t i l smooth and un f o r m ( a v o i d i n c o r p o r a t i o n o f a i r )               .
Consistency:           White,       pourable l i q u i d .

Suggested P a c k a g i n g : P l a s t i c squeeze b o t t l e w i t h p r e c a u t i o n a r y
labeling f o r acid.
   *U.S. P a t e n t No. 4,302,253

SOURCE:       R.T.     V a n d e r b i l t Co.,      I n c . : F o r m u l a t i o n No. 392


                                   D i ppi ns C1 e a n e r f o r S i 1v e r

Ingredients:
Z u s o l a t 1008/85                                                                                     2.5
Thiourea                                                                                                  8.0
Hydrochloric acid                                                                                         3.0
Water                                                                                                    86.5

SOURCE: Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & C o . :                               F o r m u l a t i o n CT 0 2 - 1 5 - 0 2
104    Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations



                                A1 umi num C1 e a n e r / B r i g h t e n e r

      T r a d i t i o n a l l y , a n i o n i c s u r f a c t a n t s have o f f e r e d b e t t e r d e t -
ergency t h e n n o n i o n i c s , b u t were n o t c o m p a t i b l e i n a c i d systems.
T h i s f o r m u l a t i o n uses Avanel S - 7 0 , an a n i o n i c m o l e c u l e w h i c h
p e r f o r m s even a t v e r y low p H ' s and a i d s i n t h e removal o f s u r f a c e
o i l s and d e p o s i t s . U n l i k e n o n i o n i c s , Avanel 5-70 w i l l d i s s o l v e
r e a d i l y i n t o the formulation without forming gel p a r t i c l e s thus
e l i m i n a t i n g t h e need f o r e x c e s s i v e a g i t a t i o n . T h i s f o r m u l a t i o n
can be used f o r o v e r - t h e - r o a d aluminum t r a i l e r s , w i r e wheels
on a u t o m o b i l e s o r i n t h e p r e p a r a t i o n o f aluminum f o r a n o d i z i n g
and c l eani ng.

Inqredients:                                                                                         Wt%
Dei o n i zed Water                                                                                 83.0
Phosphoric A c i d ( 8 5 % )                                                                         6.0
C i t r i c Acid (50%)                                                                               8.0
N i t r i c Acid (70%)                                                                                1.o
Avanel S-70                                                                                          2.0

Procedure:
      Charge t h e w a t e r t o a m i x i n g v e s s e l . Under slow a g i t a t i o n and
w i t h due c a r e , add t h e a c i d s t o t h e w a t e r . Add t h e Avanel S - 7 0
and m i x 10 m i n u t e s . NOTE: I f a d d i t i o n a l b r i g h t e n i n g i s r e q u i r e d ,
t h e n i t r i c a c i d c o n c e n t r a t i o n may be i n c r e a s e d t o 1 . 5 % .
      F o r m u l a t i o n CM-101


                          Powdered M e t a l C l e a n i n g C o n c e n t r a t e

I n a r e d ients:                                                                                   Wt%
         m
Sodi u H y d r o x i d e                              
								
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