How did the Framers resolve the conflict between the

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					How did the Framers resolve the
 conflict between the Northern
     and Southern states?

           Lesson 14
               Lesson Goals

   Explain the conflicts about protective
    tariffs and slavery and how they were
      The Economy of the South
   Almost completely agricultural
   Grew products such as cotton, tobacco, indigo
   Large farms used enslaved people to grow their
   Slaves were treated as if they were property
   Southern farmers shipped most of their products
    to Great Britain and other nations in Europe and
    they bought the manufactured goods they
    needed from Great Britain
      The Economy of the North
   More diverse than the South
   Farmers, fishers, merchants, and bankers
   The economy did not depend on slave labor
   Center for shipbuilding and trade with other
   Had to compete for business with Great Britain’s
    shipping and manufacturing industries

   Tariff- a tax on goods and products
    imported from other nations
   Tariff purpose: raise the cost of the
    imports to protect local farmers and
    businesses against outside competition
   The North and South disagreed about the
    issue of tariffs
         The Northern Position

   Believed tariffs were necessary fir their
    businesses to prosper
   Tariffs on British products would make
    them cost more than similar American
   Thus making more people buy American
         The Southern Position
   Argued that tariffs would increase the cost
    of the manufactured goods that they
    bought from European nations
   Argued that they unfairly favored the
   Feared that Great Britain would implement
    their own tariffs and this would make it
    harder to sell goods TO Great Britain
              Slavery Conflict
   In the North slavery was officially banned
   Many Southerners were financially dependent on
    slave labor and wanted it to continue
   Southerners thought each state had the right to
    decide this issue for itself
   Some states refused to be part of the union if
    they were denied the right to own and import
        Compromise on Tariffs

   Constitution gave Congress the power to
    place tariffs on imports and to control
    both interstate and foreign trade
   To get this agreement from the Southern
    delegates, the Framers from the North
    agreed to Southern demands on the issue
    of slavery
       Compromises on Slavery

   National government would not end the
    slave trade before 1808
   The 3/5ths clause
   Fugitive slave clause
   Without this agreement North Carolina,
    South Carolina, and Georgia would not
    have supported the Constitution
            The 3/5ths Clause

   House of Representatives-the number of
    representatives would be determined by
    counting free persons, indentured
    servants, and “three-fifths of all other
    persons” (slaves)
   Native Americans were excluded
          Fugitive Slave Clause

   States that persons who escaped from
    slavery to a state where slavery was
    prohibited “shall be delivered up on Claim
    of the Party to whom such Service or
    Labour may be due”
   Later abolished by the 13th Amendment