United States History to 1877
2nd Benchmark Test
1. Fill in the blank on the graphic organizer with one of the following
Because of _________
English settlement at
2. Roanoke Island (Lost Colony) and Jamestown Settlement were
similar in that ______.
A both mysteriously disappeared
B both were settled by the French
C both were established as economic ventures
D both were established the same year
3. What colony was settled by people who had been in debtor’s prisons
4. Fill in the blank on the graphic organizer with one of the following
A To practice their religion freely
B To make more money and live a better life
C To build a democratic government
D To expand lands controlled by the King of England
The Puritans wanted
They came to America.
Refer to the map given for questions 5-7.
5. Which number best represents the American colonial region that had
rocky soil and a jagged coastline?
6. Which number shows the colonial region that had coastal lowlands and
7. Which number shown represents the region with a moderate climate and
level, fertile land that makes it ideal for growing crops?
8. Who worked as caretakers, house-workers, and homemakers?
D Indentured servants
9. Why was slavery accepted in the colonies?
A Enslaved African Americans were treated equally.
B Enslaved African Americans provided labor that brought prosperity.
C Enslaved African Americans were willing to work for low pay.
D Enslaved African Americans were able to vote.
10. Men and women who agreed to work without pay for the person who
paid their passage to the colonies were called ____________.
C Indentured servants
D Large landowners
11. Who enforced Great Britain’s laws that colonists had to obey?
A Supreme Court
B Tax collectors
12. How did Great Britain raise money for the French and Indian War?
A Sold tobacco to the colonists
B Traded with the French
C Imposed taxes on the colonists
D Built new bridges
13. Why were the colonists dissatisfied with Great Britain?
A The colonists did not have representation in Parliament.
B The King did not come to visit.
C The colonists liked the governor.
D The King did not control colonial legislatures.
14. Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?
A Patrick Henry
B George Washington
C Thomas Jefferson
D Lord Cornwallis
15. Who was the commander of the Continental Army?
A Thomas Jefferson
B Ben Franklin
C George Washington
D Patrick Henry
16. Where did the first battle of the American Revolutionary War take
A Lexington and Concord
D Bunker Hill
17.What British General surrendered at Yorktown?
A King George
B Lord Cornwallis
C Benjamin Franklin
D John Adams
18.Who was the major author of the Declaration of Independence?
A George Washington
B Thomas Jefferson
C Patrick Henry
D Thomas Paine
19.What former slave wrote poems and plays supporting American
A Phillis Wheatley
B John Adams
C Dolley Madison
D Frederick Douglass
20. Who led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea
A Patrick Henry
B Samuel Adams
C Thomas Paine
D John Locke
21. The signing of what document recognized American Independence
A Common Sense
B Treaty of Paris
C Cornwallis Papers
D Treaty of Yorktown
22. What country helped the American colonists win the Revolutionary
23. What advantage helped the American colonists win the
A Sale of tobacco
B Strong leadership
C Trade with England
D Weak economy
24. All of the following happened after July 4, 1776 except:
A The English colonists established a settlement at Jamestown
B The Battle of Yorktown took place
C Paul Revere warned the Colonists that the British were coming
D George Washington was chosen commander of the Continental army
25. Which event occurred first?
A Boston Massacre
B The Boston Tea Party
C The Declaration of Independence
D The meeting of the First Continental Congress
26. The colonists’ main objection to British rule was that it was
not a democracy. In what way was it not a democracy?
A Colonial governors had unlimited power.
B Colonists were not allowed to vote for members of their colonial
C The British Parliament enacted laws for the colonies, but the colonists
did not have a voice in this Parliament.
D The British Parliament enacted laws for the colonies, but it did not enact
laws for the people in Britain
27. Which of the following famous words are correctly matched with
the man who said them?
A “All men (are entitled to) life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” –
B “Give me liberty or give me death”-Patrick Henry
C “The British are coming, the British are coming”-Samuel Adams
D “The Royal Brute of Britain”-Paul Revere
28. In the Declaration of Independence, it says people have “certain
unalienable rights”. These include ___________________.
A life, liberty and freedom of speech
B liberty, pursuit of happiness and freedom of speech
C life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
D natural rights
29. A refusal to buy a particular good is called a(n) ____________.
30. The document that declared us a nation was approved on
A July 2, 1776
B July 4, 1776
C July 6, 1776
D July 8, 1776
31.What river runs from north to south through the Interior
A Rio Grande River
B Mississippi River
C Ohio River
D Columbia River
32. Where is the Continental Divide located?
A Basin and Range
B Rocky Mountains
C Coastal Range
D Canadian Shield
33. What body of water did the French and Spanish use as an exploration
A Pacific Ocean
B Gulf of Mexico
C Lake Michigan
D Rio Grande River
34. The equator is an example of…
A Line of latitude
B Line of longitude
C A meridian
D A natural landform
35. What affected the way American Indian groups met their basic needs?
A Transportation and military
B Artifacts and objects
C Maps and globes
D Geography and climate
36.What group of American Indians inhabited the desert regions explored
by early Spanish explorers like Coronado?
37. What was the northeast area of North America called that was
inhabited by the Iroquois?
A Great Plains
B Eastern Woodlands
C Arctic area
38. One reason for conflict between the American Indians and the early
European explorers was_________.
A The struggle over money
B The European desire for American Indian corn
C The struggle over land
D Disagreement over ships
39. Who claimed the Mississippi River Valley?
A John Smith
B Christopher Columbus
C John Cabot
D Robert LaSalle
40. What group of people made voyages of discovery along West Africa?