The Automotive Industry in Turkey 2008 and Beyond OTAM AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT by tdl18804

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									       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                           The Automotive Industry in Turkey
        COMPANY

                                    2008 and Beyond




                                        Prof.Dr. Ali G. Göktan
                                        OTAM President Board of Directors & General Coordinator
                                        Coordinator of Automotiv Technology Platform - TURKEY

                                        05.09.2008
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY              Information about Turkey




                           Population   :   73 million
                           Land         :   780.000 km2
                           Coast Line   :   8.333 km
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY               Number of Vehicles in TR
                           (x1000)




                             Number of vehicles and cars per 1000 people

                             TR 2007:138 v., 92 c.   EU 2006: 529 v., 471 c.   W 2006: 144 v., 105 c.
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY                         MVI in World – 2007 (x 1.000)

                   1)           JAPAN
                           2)    USA
                      3)        CHINA
            4)        GERMANY
                                                         Ranking in EU (27)
             5)        S. KOREA
                 6)        FRANCE                        Total      6
                      7)        SPAIN
                  8)        BRAZIL                       Buses      1
              9)           CANADA                        LCV        2
                       10) INDIA
                                                         H.Trucks   6
                 11) MEXICO
                                                         P.Cars     9
             12) ENGLAND
                  13) RUSSIA
                      14) ITALY
                                                                 2008
             15) THAILAND
                 16) TURKEY
                                                         Production 1.300.000
                        17) IRAN
         18) CEK REPUBLIC
                                                         Capacity   1.500.000
             19) BELGIUM                                 Exports      950.000
                 20) POLAND
                                                         Market       675.000
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                            Development of MVI in Turkey:
                                    1960/2010
        COMPANY




             1960-1970           Assembly            License
                                                                                                     Protected
                                                                                                      Market
                    1970-1980       Development of            Localization
                                    Component ınd.

                                                Increase in
                                1980-1990                          Modernization
                                                 Capacity                                            Transition
                                                                                                       Period
                                                      Up-to-date               Up-to-date
                                    1990-1995                                    Model
                                                     Model Export


              Free Market                                        Full integration
                                            1995-2000
                                                               Manufacturing Base

               Global                                                        Research & Development, Design
                                                          2000-2012          & Technology Management,
             Competition
                                                                             Intellectual & Industrial Property

                           TARGET FOR 2012 : CENTER of EXCELLENCE
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY            MV Manufacturers in Turkey
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY            Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (2008)
                                                                            Capacity
                             Companies     Ownership   Partner   Product
                                                                           Vehicle/Year
                           TOFAŞ         JV         FIAT                        400.000
                           O.RENAULT     JV         RENAULT                     360.000
                           TOYOTA        FDI        TOYOTA     P.Cars           150.000
                           HYUNDAI ASSAN JV         HYUNDAI                     100.000
                           HONDA         FDI        HONDA                        50.000
                                           P.Cars Total                       1.060.000
                           FORD OTOSAN JV           FORD                        295.000
                           HYUNDAI ASSAN JV         HYUNDAI                      25.000
                           KARSAN        Local      PEUGEOT                      25.000
                           B.M.C.        Local      Local                        22.000
                           OTOYOL        JV         IVECO                        18.000
                           M.BENZ TÜRK   JV         M.BENZ       CV              13.000
                           ANADOLU ISUZU JV         ISUZU                        13.000
                           TEMSA         Local      Local                        11.000
                           ASKAM         Local      Local                         9.000
                           OTOKAR        Local      LAND ROVER                    8.000
                           M.A.N.        FDI        MAN                           4.000
                                             CV Total                           443.000
                                               Total                         1.503.000
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY                           MVI Integration
       Number of Manufacturers                 15
                           Link With Non-EU    5 (26 % of 2007 production)
                                               * JV        4
                                               * License   1
                           Link With EU        7 (72 % of 2006 production)
                                               * JV        6
                                               * License   1
                           Local               3 (2 % of 2006 production)

        Link With EU Manufacturers                     Link With Non-EU Manufacturers
        Fiat Group                 JV                  Isuzu             JV
        Ford                       JV
                                                       Toyota            FDI
        MAN                        FDI
                                                       Mitsubishi        L
        M. Benz                    JV
                                                       Honda             FDI
        Renault                    JV
        Rover Group                L                   Hyundai           JV

        Peugeot                    L                   Hino              L
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                           Automotive Component Industry In
        COMPANY
                                       Turkey


        Around        1.000 Component Suppliers: 350 Of Them Are Global Supplier
           International Accreditation:
            Quality – ISO 16949, Environment - ISO 14001
           Well Trained Work Force: Around 250.000

           Cost Advantage: High Productivity and Relatively Less Labor Wage

           Significant Experience In Their Field

         Able     To Meet Global Standards

         Able     To Compete In Global Markets

           Experience In Export Activities
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY                  Changes in Last 6 Years (x 1.000)
                                                                     1.000
                1.400
                                                                                                                          830
                1.200
                            Production                       1.100    800
                                                                               Exports
                                                                                                                 706
                                                      988
                1.000                          879
                                        823                           600                               561
                                                                                              519
                  800
                  600            534                                  400             359

                  400
                  200
                           347
                                               X 3.17                 200
                                                                              262
                                                                                                        X 3.17
                   0                                                    0
                        2002     2003   2004   2005   2006   2007             2002    2003    2004     2005     2006      2007
                1.000                                                25.000
                           Total Market763
                                  746                                           Exports / Million $                      20.500
                  800                                                20.000
                                                      670    640
                  600                                                                                           14.560
                                                                     15.000
                                                                                                       11.540
                                 401                                                          10.020
                  400                                                10.000
                                                                                      6.518
                  200
                           175
                                               X 3.65                 5.000
                                                                              4.344                     X 4.72
                   0                                                     0
                        2002     2003   2004   2005   2006   2007             2002    2003    2004     2005     2006     2007
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                                Exports Share in Total Production
        COMPANY
                                          is Over 75%
                    1.600                                                                                                                        100

                                            Rate of Exports in                                                                     %             90
                    1.400
                                                Production                                            73                                 75      80
                    1.200                                                                      71                                 71
                                     Total Production                   75%                                  64 62 62                            70
                    1.000
                                     P. Cars                            80%                                                                      60

                      800                                                                                                                        50

                      600
                                                                                 30                                                              40
                                                                                        22                                                       30
                      400
                                                     12 13                                                                                       20
                                                                    8      9
                      200                      5
                                 3      2                                                                                                        10

                            0   1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
                                                                                                                                                 0
                  Exports       10      8     15     37     42     31     37     91     104    202    262    359    508    552    697    820
                  Production    345    453    269    326    329    400    405    326    468    286    357    562    823    879    988    1.100
                  Exports (%)    3      2      5     12     13      8      9     30      22    71     73     64     62     62     71      75
         OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                                 Prospects of the
        COMPANY
                           Turkish Automotive Industry
        In The Short Term
             Production: Over 1,0 Million
             Exports:    Over 0,8 Million   Already Realized

        In The Medium Term
             Production:    2,0 Million
             Exports:       1,5 Million      Can be Achieved

              Which Corresponds To An Employment Of 500,000 Persons
                            And Exports Of $ 40 Billion

         This Requires An Additional Investment Of At Least $ 5 Billion
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY            R&D Expenditures in TR

  • The share of R&D expenditures in GDP is 0,66% in 2002, 0,76% in
    2006.

  • It is increasing but still less then 1%

  • The target for 2013 is 2%

  • The share of private sector in R&D Expenditures is increasing

      Sector               2002       2006    USA   EU27   TR 2013 Target
      Higher Education        64        51     14     23              26
      Private Sector          29        37     69     62              60
      Public Sector               7     12     12     14              14
                                                                   (*)
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                                         TUBITAK Industrial R&D
                                           Support Programme
        COMPANY




       • R&D expenditures of the industrial companies are
         reimbursed on project basis, up to 60 %.

                                                        Automotive        All Fields      %
                  Number of Applied                                154           1884    8,2
                  Companies
                  Submitted Projects                               498           4377   11,4
                  Supported Projects                               363           3210   11,3
                  Grant (M $)                                     114,2         456,8   25,2

                  (Between 1995 and first half of 2007)

       (*) The   Scientific and Technological Council of Turkey
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                               TUBITAK Industrial R&D
                                 Support Programme
        COMPANY




                           Grants (1995-2007)            Supported Projects
                                                         (1995-2007)




                           Automotive projects have the biggest share in
                           all of the other industrial R&D Fields (Textile,
                           ICT, Biotechnology. etc.)
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                                   TUBITAK Industrial R&D
                                     Support Programme
        COMPANY




                           Number of projects and grant amounts are increasing.
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                           Engineering Workforce in Automotive
        COMPANY
                                       Companies
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                                    Automotive Companies with major R&D
        COMPANY
                                                Capabilities


                           Company                                  production



                           BMC                                      Minibus, Lorry

                           Ford Otosan                              Commercial Vehicles

                           Mercedes Benz Turk                       Bus, Lorry

                           Otokar                                   Minibus, Armed Vehicles

                           Temsa                                    Bus, Midi bus

                           Tofaş                                    Passenger Car, LCV




                           Total number of R&D personnel of these companies today are     ≈ 1.400

                           Target for 2010 is                                             ≈ 3.000
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                            R&D Activities in TR Automotive Companies


              •   Vehicle Design
              •   Crash Analysis
              •   Acoustic Analysis
              •   Dynamic and Kinematic Simulations
              •   Fatigue Calculations
              •   Engine Development
              •   Alternative Fuels
              •   Fuel Cell
              •   Hybrid Vehicles
              •   ECU & Battery Development
              •   Prototyping
              •   Alternative Materials Characterization and Application
              •   Analysis and Integration of Alternative Powertrain Systems
              •   Vehicle Dynamics Improvement Activities
              •   Development of Active and Passive Safety Technologies
              •   Intelligent Mobility System Applications
              •   Component Based and Full Vehicle Structural Analysis
              •   Vehicle Dynamics
              •   CFD Analysis
              •   Membership of APSN in FP6
              •   Participation to GREEN (IP) in FP6
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                                 Independent Test Laboratories in TR

                                              OTAM
                    Automotive Technologies Research and Development Company


            OTAM was established in collaboration with
                  Istanbul Technical University (ITU),
                  Automotive Manufacturers Organization (OSD),
                  Association of Automotive Parts and Components
                  Manufacturers(TAYSAD), and
                  Uludag Automotive Exporting Union (UIB)
            in order to carry out of pre-production research and development and product
            testing efforts of the automotive industry and its suppliers in cooperation with
            the university.




                           (OTAM is a full member of EARPA and participates on task forces)
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                                 Independent Test Laboratories in TR

       OTAM Automotive Laboratory contains equipment that can undertake research
         and measurements related with the
       • improvement of vehicle performance and dynamic,
       • minimization of exhaust emission and fuel consumption,
       • minimization of noise emissions and vibrations,
       • chassis-body deformation,
       • tension and fatigue analyses;

       •    Homologation(*) tests about;
              – Exhaust emissions,
              – Noise, performance,
              – Safety, conformity and reliability


      (*) Authorization
                      from Ministry
      of Trade and Industry for
      total of 45 EU Regulations
      and 36 Directives on Type
      Approval Testing. EU Code:
      (E 37/C)
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                            Independent Test Laboratories in TR

                                        TUBITAK
                               Marmara Research Center
                                      Energy Institute
                           Vehicle Technologies Research Group
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                               Independent Test Laboratories in TR

                           METU BILTIR Center
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                               Independent R&D Companies in TR

              • OTAM A.Ş. (http://www.otam.com.tr/)
              –   Vibration
              –   Fatigue
              –   Vehicle Chassis design
              –   Simulation of control circuit “driver, vehicle and environment”
              –   Generic road profiles
              –   Vehicle acoustic
              –   IC Engine Design
              –   Combustion and emissions modeling
              –   Tribology
              –   Alternative fuels
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                               Independent R&D Companies in TR

             • Hexagon Studio (http://www.hexagonstudio.com.tr/)
              −   Concept Development, Style Design and Ergonomics:
              −   Design, Development and Virtual Product:
              −   Installation layouts
                  Homologation drawings, Service drawings
                  A-Class Surfacing
                  Part modeling & designing, Digital Assembly, Virtual Prototyping.
              −   CAE (Computer Aided Engineering)
              −   CAD refinement / Mid-surface Generation
                  Mesh generation
                  Sub system modeling
                  FEA assembly generation
                  NVH (Acoustic)
              −   Subsystem level analyses
              −   Acoustic Space Analysis
              −   Correlation test
              −   Durability
              −   Subsystem level analyses
                  Rapid Prototyping:
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                              Independent R&D Companies in TR

       • Figes (http://www.figes.com.tr)
              −   Structural Mechanics
              −   Multibody Simulation
              −   Computational Fluid Dynamics
              −   Heat Transfer
              −   Optimization
              −   Metal Forming Simulation
              −   Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics
              −   System Modeling and Control
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY
                              Independent R&D Companies in TR

       • Bias (http://www.bias.com.tr)
              • Linear and nonlinear finite element structural analysis (metal, composite, plastic)
              • Fatigue and durability analysis
              • Buckling analysis (eigenvalue and with nonlinear methods)
              • Contact problems
              • Spring back analysis
              • Elastic - Plastic forming
              • Heat transfer problems
              • Dynamic simulations (rigid body dynamics, flexible body dynamics)
              • Mechanical system simulation
              • Rubber-metal part analysis
              • Hot - Cold forging simulations
              • Biomechanical analysis (chin, implant, hipbone)
              • Manufacturing simulation (metal forming)
              • Process simulation
              • Explosion simulation
              • Crash – Drop tests
              • PCL development (defining macros in MSC.Patran)
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                           National Automotive Technology
        COMPANY
                                  Platform –Turkey


   • TUBITAK acts as a Catalyst

   • TUBITAK has started a new program to support the foundation of
     Technology Platforms in Turkey

   • The partners should consist of the
         industry,
         related associations,
         universities,
         research institutions,
         related public bodies

   • TUBITAK supports half of the expenses
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
                           Automotive Technology Platform
        COMPANY
                                     Objectives

   • Bring together all the stake holders in automotive industry in Turkey

   • Jointly determine the vision for Turkish automotive industry

   • Jointly determine the strategic research areas (SRA) to achieve the
     vision

   • Organize for pre-competitive R&D projects on national and
     European level in line with the SRA determined

   • Communicate with TUBITAK and related European Technology
     Platforms to create awareness for the vision and SRA

   • Review the vision and SRA periodically each year
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY            Technology Platform Structure




                                                                      (*)




                                (*)   Undersecretariat for Foreing Trade,
                                      General Directorats of Highways,
                                      Municipalities
       OTAM
 AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
        COMPANY




                           for more information

                               Prof.Dr. Ali G. Göktan
                               aligoktan@otam.com.tr
                               goktan@itu.edu.tr


                                                       05.09.2008

								
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