OPTIMA INCO MPC 1 st MANAGEMENT BOARD MEETING APRIL

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					 OPTIMA INCO MPC
 1st MANAGEMENT
  BOARD MEETING
APRIL 1-2 2005, IZMIR
      TURKEY
                                 IDENTIFICATION
                                 CASE STUDY AREA : MELIAN river



Area:                 1140 km2

Coastline length:     100 km

Extent:               from Ras Sidi Ali Mekki to Ras Fartas

Coastline Type:       wide and numerous sandy beaches

Marine bottom Type:   Sandy and muddy
IDENTIFICATION
  CODE   CODE_GOV NAME_GOV       NOM_DEL      PERIMETER (M2)      SURFACE (M2)
    1       11                  LA MARSA       30011,310000        29271542,961
    2       11                  CARTHAGE       19716,550000        9700675,508
    3       11                CITE KHADRA      21712,090000        19047138,484
    4       11                  BOUHAIRA       15597,650000        10214580,711
    5       11                   MENZAH        14729,670000        7363900,047
    6       11                LA GOULETTE      30480,930000        8959996,070
    7       11              BOHAYRIT TOUNIS    41934,350000        44226522,852
    8       11                    TAHRIR        5759,833000        1504561,039
    9       11                  EL OMRAN        9094,013000        4279312,273
   10       11                    BARDO        12018,370000        7976279,656




                      TUNIS
   11       11                  BAB BHAR       10781,420000        3518431,922
   12       11                 BAB SOUIKA       6166,931000        1850187,711
   13       11                    MEDINA        4281,772000        1284596,234
   14       11                 EZZOUHOUR        8188,382000        2796678,492
   15       11                   SEJOUMI        8595,461000        2844324,000
   16       11               SIDI EL BECHIR     8451,074000        2921600,336
   17       11             SABKHIT AS SIJOUMI  21292,690000        23320813,008
   18       11                SIDI HESSINE     39361,540000        59203439,281
   19       11                   OUARDIA       21159,640000        13223422,977
   20       11               JEBEL JELLOUD      7748,122000        3250035,305
   21       11                   KABARIA        7677,851000        2771030,234
   22       12                     ARIANA NORD    46766,700000    101317452,766




                      ARIANA
   23       12                     ARIANA VILLE   16824,450000    17399322,656

   24       12                       MNIHLA       23551,760000    25667456,125
   25       13                        RADES       24246,860000     17437360,852
   26       13                       MEGRINE      14079,550000     12859384,766
   27       13                      BEN AROUS     13414,030000     8897253,242
   28       13                       EZZAHRA      19029,690000     16844055,922




                      BEN AROUS
   29       13                    MEDINA JEDIDA   13468,640000     7979064,555
   30       13                       MOUROUJ      16008,540000     10881560,992
   31       13                     HAMMAM LIF     16770,370000     12480872,148
   32       13                     HAMMAM LIF     16770,370000     12480872,148
   33       13                      FOUCHANA      36947,880000     58390498,563
   34       13                      BOU MHEL      14323,340000     11556543,734
   35       13                       MORNAG       98141,340000    398062227,375
   36       13                    HAMMAM CHOTT    24913,840000     23558139,164
   37       13                       M'HAMDIA     44598,690000    107118058,391

   39       22                    BIR MCHERGUA    175041,300000   620101248,813
                      ZAGHOUAN




   40       22                        FAHS        179863,700000   876526983,078


   41       22                        ZRIBA       105703,000000   329165154,219
DESCRIPTION
         Main River : MELIAN
         Area       : 293 km²
         Perimeter : 1245 km
         River Length : 90 Km
         State      : permanent



             River Network
LOCATION
CURVE LINES
HYDROGRAPHIC NETWORK




                Hydrographic network


                  Mejerda channel
LAND USE
                     NOMENCLATURE CORINE LAND COVER



1. Artificiel surfaces
       1.1. Urban fabric
               1.1.1. Continuous urban fabric
               1.1.2. Discontinuous urban fabric




1.   Artificiel surfaces
2.   Agricultural areas
3.   Forests and semi-natural areas
4.   Wetlands
5.   Water bodies



44 Classes
Climatic Stations
                                                           METEOROLOGY




                                                                                                                                                                                Annual average


                                                                                                                                                                                                   Annual total
                                                                                                                                September




                                                                                                                                                        November


                                                                                                                                                                    December
                                                                    February
                                                         January




                                                                                                                                             October
                                                                                                                      August
                                                                                March




                                                                                                        June
                                                                                         April

                                                                                                  May




                                                                                                               july
                                    Indicators




                             Maximun temperature (°C)   22,20      19,30 25,20 31,60 32,40 45,90 43,80 41,80                   36,60        37,70      26,10       22,30       32,10

                             Minimun temperature (°C)   4,30       3,60        5,10     7,90     12,80 16,60 20,80 21,00       17,90        14,50      10,70        4,00       11,60
   Tunis station (2003)




                             Average temperature (°C)   12,60      10,90 13,90 17,40 21,60 27,60 30,60 30,50                   25,10        22,80      18,00       12,50       20,30

                             Rainfall (mm)              142,00 74,00 39,00 65,00 13,00 7,00                    2,00   0,00     427,00 50,00            18,00       175,00                        1012,00

                             Rainy days                 18,00      20,00 5,00           9,00     4,00   1,00   1,00   0,00     14,00        9,00       8,00        17,00                         106,00

                             Average of humidity        78,00      78,00 74,00 76,00 67,00 61,00 60,00 58,00                   76,00        76,00      79,00       80,00       72,00

                             Windy days                 13,00      7,00        4,00     5,00     7,00   2,00   2,00   3,00      7,00        2,00       4,00        11,00                          64,00

                             Wind Speed (Km/s)          14,00      11,00 7,00           11,00 11,00 7,00       7,00   7,00     11,00        7,00       11,00       14,00       11,00
   Zaghouan station (1999)




                             Maximun temperature (°C)   14,80      13,50 17,60 22,30 30,20 33,30 34,60 38,70                   32,80        29,10      19,80       15,40       25,18

                             Minimun temperature (°C)   6,80       4,50        6,70     8,30     14,80 18,00 19,70 22,90       19,60        15,50      9,80         6,40       12,75

                             Average temperature (°C)   10,60      9,00        12,10 15,30 22,50 25,70 27,10 30,80             26,20        22,30      14,80       10,90       18,96

                             Rainfall (mm)              244,00 26,50 48,00 7,00                  26,30 15,70 4,70     0,30     57,20        12,20 129,00           40,20                         611,00

                             Rainy days                 17,00      13,00 6,00           5,00     1,00   1,00   3,00   3,00      4,00        5,00       13,00        6,00                          77,00

                             Windy days                 3,00       3,00        3,00     3,00     1,00   5,00   1,00   ND        ND          1,00        ND          2,00                           22
                                 METEOROLOGY
                                              TUNIS CARTHAGE STATION
                                                     TEMPERATURE
  Month     Monthly average (°C) 1961-1990   Monthly Cumul Precipitation (mm) 1961-1990    Number of rainy days (1924-1987)
 January                 11,4                                  59,3                                      12
 February                11,9                                  57,2                                      11
  March                  13,2                                  46,7                                      10
   April                 15,6                                  37,8                                       8
   May                   19,3                                  22,6                                       5
   June                  23,1                                  10,4                                       3
   July                  26,3                                   2,3                                       1
  August                 26,8                                   6,7                                       2
September                24,3                                   36                                        5
October                  20,3                                   66                                        9
November                 15,9                                  53,7                                       9
December                 12,4                                  63,1                                      13



                                        TUNIS CARTHAGE STATION
                                       Rainfall Frequency (1924-1987)
Rainfall (mm) January February March April May June July August September                 October November December
     0/10       223     189     203   154 98      68   21     53      84                    154      159      244
    10/20        38      16      16   16    14     6    4     10      26                     13       23
    20/30        6       7       6     7           2          2        5                      8       10       50
    30/40        1       1       2     2     1                         2                      6       1        2
    40/50                                                                                     2       2
    50/60                                                                                     1       2
    60/70                                                                                             1        1
    70/80                                                                                                      2
    80/90                                                                                             1        1
    Total       268     213     227   179 113 76       25     65      118                   188      198      296
SECTORIAL WATER DEMAND      Drinkable Water consumption per sector (*1000 m3) in 2003
  NAME_GOV            NAME_DEL         Domestic     Industrial       Touristic     Others    Total
                      LA MARSA           3571           167            816           623     5177
                     CARTHAGE            1082            2             216           385     1685
                    CITE KHADRA          1537           540             34          1291     3402
                      BOUHAIRA                                                                 0
                       MENZAH            2761           107                         1017     3885
                    LA GOULETTE           974            6              3            848     1831
                  BOHAYRIT TOUNIS                                                              0
                        TAHRIR            738            5                           55       798
                      EL OMRAN           1299           799             66           354     2518
                        BARDO            2460           14                           548     3022


     TUNIS
                      BAB BHAR           1966           94             405          2329     4794
                     BAB SOUIKA          1179            3              14          1240     2436
                       MEDINA                                                                  0
                     EZZOUHOUR            998            4                           147     1149
                       SEJOUMI            818           21                           123      962
                   SIDI EL BECHIR         928           74              4            460     1466
                 SABKHIT AS SIJOUMI                                                            0
                    SIDI HESSINE         1598           116                          148     1862
                       OUARDIA           1025            8                           161     1194
                   JEBEL JELLOUD          678           463                          92      1233
                       KABARIA           2227           52                           117     2396
                      Sub-total1        25839          2475            1558         9938     39810
     ARIANA




                       ARIANA           4813,59        1012,69                    262,78     6089,06
                       MNIHLA
                                        1167,54         17,33                     37,76      1222,63
                     Sub-total2         5981,13        1030,02          0         300,54     7311,69
                       RADES            2125,1          780,5                                 2905,6
                     MEGRINE            1364,6          1601,5        207,6                   3173,7
                    BEN AROUS           1202,4          825,7                      164,2      2192,3
                     EZZAHRA            1300,6           43,4          40,5                   1384,5
     BEN AROUS




                  MEDINA JEDIDA         1094,8          203,8                       88,7      1387,3
                     MOUROUJ            2458,7          756,4                      359,2      3574,3
                   HAMMAM LIF           1580,1           17,7                                 1597,8
                    FOUCHANA            1159,2           41,7          84,4                   1285,3
                     BOU MHEL            837,1           53,6                                 890,7
                      MORNAG            1164,4          814,4                                 1978,8
                  HAMMAM CHOTT           945,5          307,3                                 1252,8
                     M'HAMDIA           1006,1          463,5                      113,2      1582,8
                     Sub-total3         16238,6         5909,5        332,5        725,3     23205,9
     ZAGHOUAN




                   BIR MCHERGUA         346,649        24,086                     44,826     415,561

                        FAHS            216,439         0,721                     34,088     251,248

                        ZRIBA           602,433        190,336                    59,604     852,373
                      Sub-total4        1165,521       215,143          0         138,518    1519,182
                        Total                                                               71846,772
                                      HYDROGEOLOGY
MAIN AQUIFERS


                                                          WELLS
Name_Phreatic_Table NAME_GOV    NAME_DEL          Equiped Non equiped     Total Resource_MCM        Exploitation MCM Exploitation_Ratio_% Salinity
     Mornag         Ben Arous     Mornag           1449      1001         2460        20                    22                110          0,7_5
      Fahs           Zaghouan      Fahs             435       150          585         2                   2,7                135           2_5
     Smenja          Zaghouan  Bir Mchergua         256       130          386        2,5                  1,7                 68           2_4
     Boucha          Zaghouan  Bir Mchergua          16        30           46        0,4                  0,1                 25           <9
    Oued Rmal        Zaghouan Zaghouan/Zriba        577       340          917       5,76                  4,3                74,7          2_4



                                                                                            Exploitation (2001)
Name_Deep_table   NAME_GOV NAME_DEL         Nb_drills   Flow (l/s) drinkable_water (MCM) Agriculture (MCM) Industry (MCM) Total (MCM)   Salinity (g/l)
    Soukra          TUNIS      Marsa           3           2,1                                  0,28                          0,59           1_3
     Tunis          TUNIS       Tunis          3            5                                   0,27                          0,51          0,5_2
 Oued Meliane 1   BEN AROUS    Mornag         394           20              1,36               21,51             0,6         23,47          1,5_4
 Oued Meliane 2   BEN AROUS    Mornag         112          7,95             2,33                5,62                          7,95         0,7_1,9
    Calcaire      BEN AROUS    Mornag          6            1               0,23                0,11                          0,34          1_1,5
   Jbel Jahfa     ZAGHOUAN Bir Mchergua        2            2               0,03                                              0,03         0,73_0,8
   Aïn Safsaf     ZAGHOUAN Bir Mchergua        5           2,2              0,03                0,07                          0,11        1,08_1,72
    Boucha        ZAGHOUAN Bir Mchergua        1           0,5              0,01                                              0,01           0,74
    Smenja        ZAGHOUAN Bir Mchergua        3            4                                   0,09                          0,09         1,5_2,62
    Jradou        ZAGHOUAN      Zriba          6           6,1              0,04                0,25                          0,29        0,75_1,24
  Oued Rmel       ZAGHOUAN Zaghouan_Zriba      10          8,8              0,11                0,17                          0,28          1_2,4
                                                          Total             4,14               28,37             0,6         33,67    Total Exploitation
WATER SPECIFIC CONSUMPTION
                                                                                  YEAR
                        USE                        1981 1982   1983   1984 1985    1986   1987   1988   1989   1990   1991
 Domestic connected l/day/ inhabitant connected     89   93     94     97   97      98     96     95     83     83     82
Domestic connected l/day/ inhabitant not connected 17    16     13     12   12      11     12     13     16     18     12
       Collective l/day/ provided inhabitant        30   29     28     26   26      23     23     22     22     22     21
         Industry l/day/Habitant exploited          18   18     18     15   16      13     12     13     12     13     13
        Tourism l/day/inhabitant exploited         352 399     402    346 465      331    325     379    307    291    276
        Tourism l/day/inhabitant occupied          618 827     816    756 1117     1129   941     898    735    757    830
          All uses l/dayinhabitant served          128 131     131    127 126      121    120     122    114    115    114




 Domestic and Touristic Sector Have The Highest Water Specific
                         Consumption
                   WATER BUDGET
                               Resources
            Ressource     Moblisation volume(CM)   Exploitation volume (CM)
Surface Water
Mountain Lakes                    2083000                    829000
Dams                             34620000                   16000000
Ground water
Phreatic table                   30800000                   29000000
Deep table                       33670000                   32790000
TOTAL SUPPLY 2001                101173000                  78619000
TOTAL SUPPLY 2003               92457974,07                 71846772
Water Export 2001                              22554000
Water export 2003                             20611202,07




               Positive Balance: Water exportation
                                          STRUCTURES
   TREATMENT PLANTS
                                                Treatment Plant Stations Characteristics
  Station    Starting Date Daily Flow (CM/day) 1992 Organic Charge Kg/DBO5/Day             Water Treatment         Sludge Treatment
 Cherguia         1958              31,238                     10,161              Activated Sludge (mean charge) Anaerobic Digestion
 Choutrana        1986              92,909                      38,36                     Oxydation Chenal
Côtière Nord      1981              14,031                      3,828                          Lagune             Aerobic Stabilisation
Sud Meliane       1982              19,939                      6,295                     Oxydation Chenal
   Rades          1976               0,929                      0,406                          Lagune             Aerobic Stabilisation
    Total                           159,02                      59,05



   DAMS
                                                               DAMS
NOM_GOV               NOM_DEL                    DAM_NAME               Storage_Volume_2003_CM          Exploitation_Volume_2003
                      MORNAG                     KASSROUN                       1280000                           500000
     BEN AROUS




                      MORNAG                       EL HMA                       12000000
                      MORNAG                      EL KSAB                        650000
                      MORNAG                     EL BKABKA                      1410000                            300000
                      MORNAG                     BEN AISSA                      1400000
                      MORNAG                      MAJOURA                        416000                            100000
                                                  Sub-total                     17156000                           900000
     ZAGHOUAN




                   BIR MCHERGUA                  Bir Mcherga                     12989000                         13750000


                        ZRIBA                     Oued Rmal                       4475000                          1350000

                                                   Sub-total                     17464000                         15100000
                                                     Total                       34620000                         16000000
                          STRUCTURES
 Mountain Lakes
                                             Mountain lakes
NAME_GOV       NAME_DEL        Name               Capacity (CM)   Storage Volume_2003 (CM) Exploitation_Volume (2003)
               ARIANA       Oued El Korb             50000                  5000
   ARIANA




               ARIANA      Oued Rouriche             65000                 62000

               ARIANA     Oued Ain Snoussi           70000                 70000

                MNIHLA      Oued Sfaiou              40000                 25000
                              Sub-total1             225000               162000
                MORNAG      Oued Kreb 1                                    70000                      42000
                MORNAG      Oued Kreb 2                                    90000                      54000
                MORNAG    Chouchet Ezzarda                                100000                      28000
                MORNAG      Om El Kssibi                                   45000                      30000
                MORNAG     Oued El Melah                                   40000                      16000
                MORNAG      Aïn El Khoula                                  76000                      30000
                MORNAG       Faïth El Mal                                  50000                      10000
                MORNAG      Bouchachak                                     70000                      18000
                MORNAG      Ben Hassine                                    78000                      30000
                MORNAG       Ennechima                                     50000                      15000
                MORNAG      Aïn El Kelba                                   60000                      32000
   BEN AROUS




                MORNAG         Bouagila                                    62000                      17000
                MORNAG        El Abaeïer                                   53000                      18000
                MORNAG          El Gtar                                   200000                     160000
                MORNAG         El jabbas                                   90000                      42000
                MORNAG        El Rgham                                    100000                      18000
                MORNAG       El Kasbaya                                   100000                      60000
                MORNAG       Kaf Lahmar                                   170000                      61000
                MORNAG      Kaf Lahmar 2                                   50000                      10000
                MORNAG        El Alalkia                                   72000                      20000
                MORNAG         El Hojjaj                                   39000                      15000
                BOUMHEL         El Jebs                                    38000                      38000
                BOUMHEL        Maiezeit                                    40000                      35000
               FOUCHANA     Aïn El Morra                                   45000                      10000
               M'HAMDIA         Zitouni                                    38000                      10000
               M'HAMDIA        Zitouni 2                                   95000                      10000
                              Sub-total2               0                  1921000                    829000
                                 Total               225000               2083000                    829000
                                SOCIO-ECONOMIC
                                                         Population Evolution                                 Migration (1987-1994)
NAME_GOV            NAME_DEL        Poupulation 1984 Population 1994 Projection 2000 Projection 2002 Entrance Exit        Migratory balance
                    LA MARSA             50432           54611            65020           66520        7224      4409            2815
                   CARTHAGE                              19855            22270           22600        2814      2247             567
                  CITE KHADRA                            33198            35400           35690        5124      3512            1612
                    BOUHAIRA                             29911                                         4501        358           4143
                     MENZAH              50337           38126            42410           43140        10654     6113            4541
                  LA GOULETTE            61609           37377            43900          28840 *       4207      6553            -2346
                BOHAYRIT TOUNIS
                      TAHRIR                              20098           22670          23040        5362       2456           2906
                    EL OMRAN             57875            56556           60320          60800        3038       4585           -1547
                      BARDO              65669            72707           74230          74490        10528      15584          -5056
   TUNIS




                    BAB BHAR             59163            45442           45730          45620        7903       4939           2964
                   BAB SOUIKA            46465            35835           32010          31240        3038       11964          -8926
                     MEDINA                                                                           3941       26213         -22272
                   EZZOUHOUR                                                             42356        5061       7040           -1979
                     SEJOUMI             82485            39283           35760          35060        2051       6571           -4520
                 SIDI EL BECHIR          41783            34353           31000          30340        3220       7407           -4187
               SABKHIT AS SIJOUMI
                  SIDI HESSINE                            48788          55160           56150        10598       175           10423
                     OUARDIA             75399            34902          31110           30380        2219       11470          -9251
                 JEBEL JELLOUD           26236            27034          25550           25220        2037       3210           -1173
                     KABARIA                              66415          76350           77920        19474      2058           17416
                    Sub-total1           617453           694491         698890          700566                Sub-total1      -13870
   ARIANA




                    ARIANA                                70700           85100          89400
                    MNIHLA
                                                          28400          33900           35200
                                                                                                                    ND
                   Sub-total2                             99100          119000          124600                Sub-total2
                     RADES               53467            35713          39300           40170        4572       4621             -49
                   MEGRINE                                25707          27760           28170        4108       4229            -121
                  BEN AROUS              52105            33554          35420           35860        3552       14064         -10512
                   EZZAHRA                                25940          30490           32020        4780       4150            630
   BEN AROUS




                MEDINA JEDIDA                             33604          38060           39230        9240        692            8545
                   MOUROUJ                                31073          59190           67450        22144       514           21629
                 HAMMAM LIF              72591            37949          41110           41960        3436       1712            1724
                  FOUCHANA                                37409          42560           44900        11680      1420           10260
                   BOU MHEL                               16037          20900           22770        4920        112            4808
                    MORNAG                                16429          19560           20670        3272       7726           -4454
                HAMMAM CHOTT              33092           44702          47900           48840        5736        602            5134
                   M'HAMDIA               34938           34083          38680           40000        9620       1394            8226
                   Sub-total3            246193           372200         440930          462040                Sub-total3       45820

                 BIR MCHERGUA            14775            18294           19520          19920         1548       747            801
   ZAGHOUAN




                     FAHS                38867            41013           43740          44670         1217      2816           -1599


                     ZRIBA                                18632           19960          204000        929        651            278
                   Sub-total4            53642            77939           83220          268590                Sub-total4        -520
                     Total             917288,00        1243730,00      1342040,00     1555796,00                Total          32228
                MAIN STAKEHOLDERS

          Ministry of A.E.H.R             Ministry of E.T.P       Ministry of Public Health



                                                                   Laboratories and units



SONEDE   DGRE    DEGTH     CRDA   ONAS   APAL    DGAT      ANPE




                Regional                        Regional
                Agencies                        Agencies
                STAKEHOLDERS


More than 50 LOCAL organisations are dealing with
water management, equipments, planification




 These organisations have Regional, National , Sub-National and
                       Local implication
                         CONCLUSION

The three latest years : particularly wet and rainfull of about 1500 mm / year




Refilling of the table and a better surface water mobilisation


                                      Results



                         Potential stock:15 years
                 Dams and collinary lakes



                          Capacity


                     Positive water balance


11th plan (2005): connecting the northern dams with the centre ones
                         (world bank fund)
                   WATER WARE
•Daily Time Series: Temperatue, Precipitation, Humidity, Evapotranspiration,
•Water Demand, Water Supply…
• DAMS data : Characteristics, Geometry…
• Identification of Water Demand per sector: Demand Nodes.
•Identification of Water supply: Start Nodes (Surface and ground water).
•Hysographic curve derived from DEM.




        On going : WRM Topologic Network