PROGRESS TOWARDS THE SANITATION MDG’S IN TANZANIA by rkw11276

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									PROGRESS TOWARDS THE
  SANITATION MDG’S IN
       TANZANIA

   Presented By; Dr. Aisha Omar Kigoda
Deputy Minister for Health and Social Welfare
                  Tanzania
 Millennium development goals
• The Millennium Objectives pose as a big challenge to
  the majority of the developing countries, Tanzania
  included, for achieving the Millennium Development
  Goals (MDGs).
• The goals are indeed a challenge as they require
  national policy reforms to turn the global indicators into
  realistic national objectives.
• Tanzania, however, took the MDGs as an opportunity
  hence translated them into achievable, specific, tangible
  indicators for achieving various development goals
  stipulated into the National Strategy for Growth and
  Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP) which is currently being
  implemented
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              Introduction
The strategy addresses sanitation
 targets as follows:
• Increased access to improved sewerage
  facilities from 17% in 2003 to 30% in 2010
  in urban areas;
• 100% of schools to have adequate
  sanitary facilities by 2010;
• 95% of people to have access to
  basic sanitation by 2010;
                                               3
         Division of Primary Functions in the Sanitation Sector
Institution/Agenc                                                 Key Responsibilities
         y
1.Ministry of         Formulation of policy guidelines and strategies
Health and            Prepare Acts and Regulations
Social                Protecting public health (setting standards, regulating processes)
Welfare               Provide technical assistance to Local Government Authorities
                      (LGAs)
                      Supervision and Monitoring the performance of LGAs, service
                      providers for compliance


2 Ministry of Formulation and coordination of NAWAPO, WSDP
Water         Setting standards
              Quality monitoring, evaluation and assurance
              Coordination of water sector development activities
              Urban sewerage
3. PMO-               Coordinate planning of Water Supply and Sanitation projects
Regional              from LGA
Admin and             Coordinate LGA budgets
Local Govt            Coordinate capacity building for LGAs                   4
Institution/Agenc                         Key Responsibilities
         y

4. Ministry         Formulate standards for school sanitation
of                  Oversee implementation of school sanitation
Education
and
Vocational
Training
5. LGAs             Coordination of physical planning of sewerage/ sanitation
                    Provide sanitation services to the population in their areas
                    Formulate by-laws concerning sanitation
                    Primary school latrine provision
6. Urban            Own, manage and develop water supply and sewerage
Water and           assets
Sewerage            Prepare business plans to provide water supply and
Authority           sewerage services, including capital investment plans
                    Secure finance for capital investment and relevant
                    subsidies
                                                                                5
            Sanitation status
• Proportion of households with any form of latrine
  is 96.7% and 83.3% in urban and rural areas
  respectively and 12%. in nomadic communities,
• Studies indicate that only 47.2%of the latrines
  are permanent and meet the attributes of an
  Improved /acceptable standard.
• Out of 333,899 proper latrines required to cover
  government and non-government primary
  schools only 129,944 (39%) are available
  reflecting a shortage of 203,955 (61%).


                                                  6
         COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT

• PHAST has been
  introduced in 74 districts,

• An evaluation done in 4
  districts of Pemba island
  after 12 months of
  PHAST implementation
  revealed an increase of
  latrines from 22902
  (2006) to 25443 (2007)
  an increase of 2541
  (11%).

                                 7
     Village health development
             programmes
• This approach entails several public health interventions
  using the principles of Total Community Led Total
  Sanitation focussing on - provision of safe and clean
  water; improve levels of sanitation, hygiene and status of
  the dwelling houses

• In one of the pilot villages- (Mkowe), an evaluation done
  in July 2007 after 12 months of implementation revealed
  an increase of better built latrines from 650 (2006) to 738
  (2007) an increase of 88 latrine (13%) Also hygienic
  behaviour had improved evidenced by an increase in
  provision and use of rubbish pits for refuse disposal, and
  dish racks.


                                                            8
    Traditional Pit latrine and
    Ideal/Improved Pit latrine




Traditional pit latrine (far right)   Improved latrine


                                                         9
 National Health and Cleanliness
     Competition Campaign
• The objective of this
  competition is; to encourage
  communities to participate in
  the planning and
  implementation of Health and
  Sanitation and cleanliness
  activities in their respective
  areas,
• To encourage and stimulate
  local authorities to increase
  their budgets towards
  Environmental Health, hygiene
  and Sanitation, to raise
  sanitation coverage through
  improved service delivery

                                   10
 National Health and Cleanliness
     Competition Campaign
• This competition has resulted
  in success in the following
  areas:-
• Increased ability to manage
  waste with improved storage,
  collection and disposal
  facilities,
• increased private sector
  participation in the provision of
  sanitation services especially
  solid and liquid waste
  management and public
  toilets,

                                      Cleaning of sewage pond

                                                                11
                 Way forward
• Increase community participation and involvement to
  facilitate community ownership of sanitation services.
• Introduce the concept of marketing of sanitation at
  community level.
• Encourage private sector participation in the delivery of
  environmental health, hygiene and sanitation services
• Promote the concept of Healthy Village Development
  programme to cover the whole country and strengthen
  National Health and sanitation competition.
• Promote Participatory Hygiene And Sanitation
  Transformation and other participatory approaches to
  implement Environmental Health, Sanitation and
  Hygiene Strategy
• Promote environmental health research and Integrate
  HIV /AIDS into sanitation programmes
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Thank for listening




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